welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: indonesia's disaster agency warns that mount agung on the island of bali is close to a full scale eruption. yemen's first aid shipment in weeks arrives at a rebel—held port after the saudi—led coalition eases its blockade. more details emerge about the attack on a mosque in egypt which killed 300 people. officials believe up to 30 gunmen were involved. and just months to go before the winter olympics begin in south korea, but will tensions with north korea cast a shadow over the games. the indonesian island of bali has shut its airport this morning
after authorities there raised the threat of a volcanic eruption to the highest level — that means it could happen in the next 2a hours. the volcano in question is mount agung. thousands of people have been evacuated from the exclusion zone. there are fears of a full—scale eruption for the first time since 1963 when about sixteen—hundred people were killed. tiffany wertheimer has the latest. indonesians are used to sights like this. mount agung has rumbled back to life, once again spewing black ash high into the sky. but now the danger level has increased. volcanologists say a powerful eruption is imminent, within 2a hours. mount agung's danger alert has been increased to four, the highest level. the evacuation zone has been extended to ten kilometres. translation: the activity
of mount agung has entered the magmatic eruption phase. although it's still spewing ash at the moment, we need to monitor it and exercise caution for the possibility for a strong explosive eruption. it's this thick ash billowing 6,000 metres into the sky that presents the greatest danger to human life. within it, sharp fragments of glass, crystal and rock. authorities are handing out masks to everyone in its path. about 25,000 people have fled to evacuation centres, but they're struggling to cope. in september, 140,000 people fled when mount agung first started rumbling. many of them never left the shelters, too frightened to return home. the local residents are still going about their daily business. they're still cleaning up the ash to make the place presentable. indonesia is home to more than 130 active volcanoes and it sits
on the pacific ring of fire, where there's frequent seismic and volcanic activity. agung is bali's most sacred mountain. the last time it erupted was in 1963. about 1,500 people died. this time around, no—one is taking any chances. tiffany wertheimer, bbc news. i'm joined now by dr rebecca carey, a vulcanologist and australian research council fellow from the university of tasmania. dr rebecca carey, thank you for joining us on bbc news. can you tell me what has changed in the past day 01’ me what has changed in the past day or two to make like yourself believe an eruption is going to happen? obi last week, we've had multiple sustained eruption is —— over the
last week. the first phase was what we call a phreatic eruption, driven by the buildup of steam. subsequent to that of the last two days it has been sustained magmatic activity, meaning that magma is directly involved. the eruptions have been continuous low—level venting. u nfortu nately, continuous low—level venting. unfortunately, the wind direction at this moment in time and the past two days, has been wind coming from the north north—east, putting the ash over the tourist areas in bali, which is causing problems thought the bizarre airport. in a longer term view, what is making it do this in the last couple of months, given that it has been relatively quiet for the past couple of decades? in september, the seismic activity increased significantly, meaning that there were hundreds of
earthquakes per day that were being recorded. they increase in intensity and became shallower with time. all of this happened in september and 0ctober. they decided to put the alert level up to level four. surprisingly, the earthquake activity dropped really suddenly, back down to be background levels. so the alert level was dropped once more. and so this at venting activity has driven the authorities to increase the alert level to the highest maximum, which is alert level four. if we do get a full—scale eruption in the next ready for hours, as the authorities expect, what do you think we are going to see? what we expect from this eruption? as vulcanologist outside indonesia, we don't have any access to real—time information from the multidisciplinary monitoring
equipment they are using. what we do know is from the past behaviour of volcanoes like mount agung, mount agung has erupted twice in the last couple of 100 years. its eruptions both of those times have been very complex, multiple at venting phases, high plumes, complex events. we are unable to predict the complexity of this event that is happening at the moment. dr rebecca carey, we appreciate you speaking to us. dr rebecca carey from the university of tasmania. charities are warning that millions are at risk of hunger and disease due to restrictions on ships bringing aid supplies to yemen. the first ship for more than three weeks was allowed to dock on sunday, after the saudi arabian—led coalition lifted blockades that are designed to stop weapons reaching rebel fighters inside the country. unicef says almost every child in the country has now been affected by the fighting.
andrew plant reports. arriving at port in yemen. after two weeks waiting at sea, a un aid ship carrying food supplies, the blockade here finally lifted. these are the conditions in parts of the and right now. the world food programme says millions are at risk of starvation. on saturday, aeroplanes arrived carrying medicine to help sick children. vaccinations taken to hospitals where thousands are waiting. this, though, the first supply ship to get through for almost a month. more than 11 million yemeni children are today in acute need of humanitarian assistance. that's almost every single yemeni boy and girl. the ship has arrived at the port of saleef, north from the main port of hodeidah, which is still under a blockade, imposed by a coalition led by saudi arabia after the rebels
they're fighting in yemen fired a missile at the saudi capital. the blockades are designed to ensure that shipments of weapons don't reach the rebel fighters. for the yemeni people, it means food supplies and medicine have run dangerously short. translation: we fled and arrived here with our children and we didn't find anyone to help us, and now for the past two months we haven't received anything, no mattresses, no aid, nothing. this ship is carrying enough food to feed almost 2 million people for a month but it's estimated 20 million are in urgent need, 11 million of those are children. meanwhile, fighting here has already claimed more than 8,000 lives. andrew plant, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. one of america's best known civil rights activists, john conyers, has stepped down
from his congressional role on the housejudiciary committee following allegations against him of sexual harassment. mr conyers is aged 88, and is the last remaining congress member to have served under president lyndonjohnson in the 1960s. mr conyers denies any wrongdoing. venezuela's president, nicolas maduro, has named a military general to head the state oil company and the energy ministry. mr maduro said the appointment of major general manuel quevedo would help tackle corruption within the industry. anti—government demonstrators in romania have marched through the capital bucharest to protest againstjudicial reforms that they say will protect dishonest politicians. they held a rally outside parliament calling on the government to resign. the pope held a minute of silent prayer on sunday for more than 300 people killed in friday's gun and bomb attack
on a mosque in egypt. officials believe up to 30 gunmen were involved in the attack. the targeting of a mosque during friday prayers has shocked egyptians. in sinai, our middle east correspondent 0rla guerin has been hearing how some local people now want to take action themselves. trying to bring comfort after one of deadliest attacks anywhere in years. among the survivors, the imam mohammad abdul fattah, who was leading the prayers when terror came to the mosque in sinai. "as soon as people heard firing, they started running," he said. "some climbed the pulpit, they were piling on top of each other." "the attackers were shooting at anyone breathing." my friends lost their family, lost their cousins, their brothers, some of them lost their sons. this sinai journalist is from bir al—abd where the attack took place.
he said it is a turning the point for local tribes who have resolved to hunt the militants themselves. they had a meeting of their sheikhs and tribe members yesterday. almost 400 people were in the meeting and they decided to carry arms and to find these people themselves and to take revenge from these groups. and here are the main suspects — militants from the egyptian branch of so—called islamic state. sinai's remote terrain and history of neglect mean there there is fertile ground for is. and now it has really money, it has resources, it has weapons, and it has recruits. and sadly and tragically, the egyptian government has basically used only military means against the isis branch in north sinai.
what you need is to dislodge isis from the social and economic and political grievances that exist in sinai. for years now, egypt has been relying on military solutions in sinai. but it's hard to wage war when the enemy can melt away. now, more than ever, experts say it's time to change the battle plan. 0rla guerin, bbc news, cairo. at least 23 civilians are reported to have been killed in syrian government attacks on a rebel—held enclave on the outskirts of damascus. activists say towns in the eastern ghouta district have been targeted by air raids and heavy artillery fire. this report by our middle east regional editor, alan johnston, includes pictures you may find upsetting. after the bombs and the shells have fallen, the medics do their best
with what little they have. some seem almost resigned to the horror of it all. others are too young to understand anything of syria's war, all they know is the pain and the fear. there are those for whom nothing can be done. the scene of one of the attacks, it hardly seems worth cleaning up. some things can be patched and repaired, and life will go on. but nobody here will forget what's just happened. translation: there are martyrs, including two children, one of whom was 12 years old. this is a residential neighbourhood. there are no checkpoints here, no army posts or combatants. everyone knows it is a popular residential neighbourhood. these people have lived under siege for years. government forces surround
the enclave, pressuring the rebels here who fire missiles into nearby damascus. the un says food in this place is so scarce that some people have been reduced to eating animal fodder and even garbage. there have been reports of death by starvation. some of the worst of syria's suffering is endured on these ruined streets. alan johnston, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we hearfrom the man who helped mediate robert mugabe's resignation with the military in zimbabwe. president kennedy was shot down, and died almost immediately. the murder ofjohn kennedy is a disaster for the whole free world. he caught the imagination of the world, the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party
and prime minister. before leaving number 10 to see the queen, she told her cabinet, "it's a funny old world." angela merkel is germany's first woman chancellor, easily securing the majority she needed. attempts to fly a hot—air balloon had to be abandoned after a few minutes, but nobody seemed to mind very much. as one local comic put it, "it's not hot air we need, it's hard cash." when bob geldof of the boomtown rats saw the tv pictures from ethiopia, he decided he had to do something. and he found his rock music friends felt the same. this is bbc news. the latest headlines... indonesia's disaster agency warns that mount agung on the island of bali is close to
a full scale eruption. the first united nations aid ship has arrived in the yemeni port of saleef after the saudi—led coalition eased its blockade. ten years ago on the bbc‘s andrew marr programme, the ugandan—born archbishop of yorkjohn sentamu cut up his clerical collar in protest at the behaviour of zimbabwe's president robert mugabe the archbishop said mr mugabe had "taken people's identity" and "cut it to pieces". now the president has resigned, on sunday's programme, andrew presented the archbishop with his former collar. i could try and put them all together using super glue. it would be a pretty ropey collar. ropey collar. and i actually think the lesson
for zimbabwe is the same — they just can't try and stitch it up. something more radical, something new needs to happen in terms of the rule of law, you know, allowing people to get jobs, because 90% of people are out of work, so they can'tjust stitch it up. are you going to put the call back on again now? i promised that when mugabe goes i will put my collar on. soi mugabe goes i will put my collar on. so i have no choice but to put it back on. mugabe has gone but the new president must remember something more thanjust president must remember something more than just stitching up a singer is needed. —— a thing. the man who mediated robert mugabe's resignation with the military has said the former president
of zimbabwe will continue to play an active role in politics, albeit in an advisory capacity. father fidelis mukonori spoke to the bbc‘s richard galpin. outside the capital, harare, a celebration of the first mass in what is a new era for zimbabwe. the end of robert mugabe's long rule already unleashing a sense of freedom not felt for decades here. and thejesuit priest conducting the service, father fidelis mukonori, is the man who helped bring it all about. he is close to robert mugabe, and acted as the mediator for the army. he played a crucial role in the transfer of power. what can he now reveal about the deals done to persuade robert mugabe to finally stand down? and how is the former president reacting to losing control of the country? in his office, father fidelis mukonori told me robert mugabe's decision to resign was the best thing he had ever done. despite leaving office,
he said the former president would still play an active role in politics here. i don't know how you do it in the western world. in africa, senior citizens are important. will people go to him for advice, for example, like the new president? the new president said he is his mentor and father and leader. when he says that, you tell me that he is going to walk away from his father and mentor and leader? i don't think so. you played a very key role as the mediator to persuade robert mugabe to stand down. what was the deal, though, which did persuade him to go? what was he given? listen, we did not offer him anything.
you are asking a direct question. he resigned for the good of zimbabwe. there are reports that he is being offered millions of dollars, that he will have immunity from prosecution, that all of his businesses will be left untouched. is that correct? what i have read in the newspapers is about the immunity and he will be looked after like any former head of state. is that correct? that is what is in the newspapers. how confident are you that the new president will pursue a democratic path rather than reverting to more autocratic presidency like that of robert mugabe? he said so. that he will be a democrat? yeah.
and you believe him? well, i do. after 50 years in his active life as a soldier and politician, he knows what democracy means. at the moment, this remains a honeymoon period for zimbabwe. people here are determined to believe real change is coming. but that has yet to be proved. richard galpin, bbc news, harare. cricket — and australia have wrapped up an emphatic ten wicket win over england in the first ashes test in brisbane. it took openers cameron bancroft — with 82— and david warner — with 87— little over an hour to reach the 170 runs required. the two sides meet again in adelaide on december the second. there are just a few months to go
before the winter olympic games get under way in south korea. but these games will be taking place amid growing tensions with north korea — and the rhetoric coming from both pyongyang and washington dc makes many nervous. danny savage reports. in the mountains of south korea, there's no snow yet. but that doesn't prevent athletes from all over the world coming to practise. the white stuff will come. but for these german hopefuls, they need the right stuff to come. they're not bothered by the political tension in this region, theyjust want to compete. yeah, i hope i qualify for the olympic games. and i am very excited to jump here again in winter. it is very special. i was here for the world cup last winter. and i liked here very much and am happy to be here and to come back in winter.
the facilities are great, the setting is beautiful, but south korea's unpredictable neighbour is making some competitors nervous. at one point, the french team questioned whether or not they were going to come. any easing of tension in this region will do these games a lot of favours. in the skies above south korea, america and its allies put on a show of force. missile tests and nuclear launches by north korea have led to a ferocious war of words. they hope the offering of words of peace and the games will encourage countries who are not allies. translation: we are aware of geopolitical tensions. the korean government is working and planning for the safest games to make sure everyone is taken care of. we are as open with our partners as possible to ensure safe games. and there is genuine hope for these winter olympics.
at a competition in german recently, two north korean figures skaters did well enough to qualify. but there is no word whether they will send a team. although, remember this? one of the defining images of the rio 0lympics was the gymnasts from north and south korea standing side by side taking a selfie. between now and the winter olympics, everybodyjust has to hope the tensions don't get any worse. this important forthcoming date in the world's sporting diary may actually make the main players in the crisis pause for thought and allow the games to build some bridges. danny savage, bbc news, pyeongchang, in south korea. a reminder of our top story.... indonesia's disaster agency warns that mount agung on the island of bali is close to a full scale eruption. having a look now of some live
pictures from bali and you can see the scene there. it may not be immediately clear that there is cloud running through the middle of your picture. if you look slightly behind that you can see the slightly grey coloured plume shooting up into the sky. that is going thousands of metres up into the sky and it is that ash and steam in the last 48 hours which has led authorities to believe that an eruption is imminent. at six a.m. local time, believe that an eruption is imminent. at six a.m. localtime, a few hours ago, they increased their alert to level four which they means they think an eruption will happen in the next day and there is now and 8- in the next day and there is now and 8— ten kilometre radius around the volcano. hello once again.
after a pretty chilly weekend quite widely across the british isles we will see a change of weather tonight, albeit only for a little while. it is thanks to an area of low pressure throws a great veil of cloud down the british isles. first thing on monday there will be a wet and windy start to be had across the south. not many of you will be scraping your cars first up. there will be other concerns, i suspect, if you are commuting across the southern counties of england and wales. the first part of monday, it will be really quite wet. even that little bit further north will have had rain overnight. quite windy as well. tricky conditions. a lot of surface water and spray. into the northern half of the british isles. persistent rain in the very far north of scotland. elsewhere, a supply of showers from the word go. urged along by a north—north—westerly wind pushing these showers ever further towards the south. they replace the rainband which quits the scene on the southern counties of england but will be a bother for the channel islands
for a good part of the day. following on behind, not particularly cold air. not at that stage. probably the mildest of the days of the week. tuesday, increasingly cold as we move towards the middle part of the week. the low pressure moves further east. that opens the doors for the isobars to run north to south across all parts of the british isles. down the spine of the country, a gloriously sunny day. if you are fully exposed to that breeze, mainly from the northern and eastern perspective, you are going to see some showers across the high ground, not just in scotland, they will be wintry. single figure temperatures abound. wednesday, perhaps a subtle change in wind direction could draw the wintry showers a little further inland and push them further south, down through the lincolnshire wolds, maybe into the north of norfolk as well. down the spine of the country there is still that bright weather
to be had. on thursday, we may see an area of low pressure. that puts a squeeze on the isobars. it means more wind. a bitter wind at that. right down the eastern shores, particularly. look at that temperature, four, five, six. it will be cold with a biting wind, especially in the east. this is bbc news, the headlines: indonesia's disaster agency has warned that the mount agung volcano on the island of bali is close to a full scale eruption. the islands airport is closed and many flights have been cancelled or diverted. the volcano has been spewing out ash and steam for the second time in a week. the united nations says the first ship carrying aid has arrived in rebel—held northern yemen after the saudi—led coalition partially eased a blockade that's lasted for nearly three weeks. the vessel docked at the small port of saleef carrying thousands of tons of desperately needed wheat. more details have been emerging