this is bbc news. i'm chris rogers. our top stories: as south africa's ruling anc party decides on its next leader, presidentjacob zuma says the future of the party is at stake. austria's new leader outlines his programme with his far—right coalition partner. the 54th national conference is taking place at a time when our movement is at a crossroads. the united nations security council considers a resolution which would challenge president trump's recognition of jerusalem challenge president trump's recognition ofjerusalem as the capital of israel. austria's new leader outlines his programme with his far—right coalition partner. he says he'll be pro—eu, but tougher on illegal immigration. romania's last monarch, who was forced to abdicate by the communist leadership seventy years ago, is buried with full state honours in bucharest. hello, and welcome
to bbc world news. south african president jacob zuma has warned that the ruling african national congress is at a crossroads. he was speaking as delegates met to choose his successor as party leader. the main contenders to succeed him are the deputy president, cyril ramaphosa, and former cabinet minister nkosazana dlamini—zuma, who is president zuma's ex—wife. during his speech mr zuma, whose presidency has been blighted by corruption allegations, called for an end to "party infighting." our africa editor fergal keane has more. not since the anc came to power 23 years ago has so much depended on the votes of its party members. an organisation that held together through more than eight decades
of white rule is now bitterly divided. they sing the same song but support very different visions. this conference isn'tjust about the future of a liberation movement, a political party. it's about the future of this country. will the anc elect a new leader who has promised to sweep away corruption? the anc has always been good at shows of unity, like the clasped hands of the two contenders, dr dlamini—zuma and the man targeting corruption, cyril ramaphosa, both vying for delegates' votes. who would you like to see as your next president? nkosaza na dlamini—zuma. nkosazana dlamini—zuma, she's going to be the president. definitely? yeah, definitely. you'll see, you'll see. you can see, look at the numbers. who do you think will be the next leader? cyril ramaphosa with be
the president, no doubt. the mandate is for cyril ramaphosa to be the next president of the african national congress and to be the next president the republic of south africa. dr dlamini—zuma is a senior politician in her own right but is also the ex—wife of jacob zuma. cyril ramaphosa could prove his nemesis if he makes good on his anti—corruption rhetoric. the president's allies have sought to portray ramaphosa as the puppet of greedy white business, hence this swipe in his speech. we need to find ways of protecting the anc from corporate greed and ensure that the decisions we take are informed by the policies of the anc and are not dictated by... are not dictated to by business interests. africa's oldest liberation
movement is fraying, even in the face of poignant pleas for unity. whoever is elected leader tomorrow will inherit a party in crisis. the united nations security council is considering a draft resolution about the status ofjerusalem. the document would declare that any unilateral decision on the status of the city wuold have no legal effect. earlier this month, the united states broke with decades of policy and officially recognised jerusalem as the capital of israel — something rejected by israel's neighbours. david willis has more from washington. well, this resolution proposal was tabled by each of. it does not specifically mention president trump or the trump administration, but it
is clearly aimed at the recent decision by the president ‘s to do as you were just saying, recognise israel, jerusalem, as the capital of israel. and to move the united states embassy there. in this draft resolution tabled by egypt dahmer it stresses jerusalem is resolution tabled by egypt dahmer it stressesjerusalem is an issue to be resolved through negotiations, as it puts it, and expresses a deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status ofjerusalem. at recent decisions concerning the status of jerusalem. it at recent decisions concerning the status ofjerusalem. it goes on to affirm that any decisions and actions which purports to alter the character, status or demographic composition ofjerusalem legal effect and are therefore null and void. and must be rescinded. the man who'll be austria's next chancellor, sebastian kurz, has said he'll lead a government that's clearly in favour of the european union. but he urged it to strengthen europe's borders to limit illegal immigration. mr kurz was speaking alongside his new coalition partner, heinz—christian strache, who heads the far—right, anti—immigrant freedom party.
bethany bell has more from vienna. austria has a new government, and it is right wing. sebastian kurz of the people's party has done a deal with the far—right, traditionally eurosceptic freedom party. but he says his government will be strongly pro—eu. translation: we have agreed on a pro—european outlook with the aim of strengthening subsidiarity in the european union. a european union which should be stronger on the big issues and holds itself back on small issues. while the parties do not always agree on europe, they both take a hard line on migrants. the freedom party leader said the new government would crack down on illegal immigration and cut benefits for refugees. translation: the minimum income for asylum seekers will be reduced to 365 euros per month, and those being integrated into society will receive
an integration bonus in the amount of 155 euros. primary care for asylum seekers will be more supported with more material and resources than before. the freedom party is thejunior partner in this coalition, but it has come away with some significant posts — the interior, defence and foreign ministers. it has been a significant player in austrian politics for years, but it has been troubled by its past. it was formed by former nazis in the 1950s. these days, it routinely expels or suspends party members who veer towards neo—nazi ideology. the freedom party has toned down some of its more extreme rhetoric
in recent years, but many observers believe it has helped to set a right—wing agenda notjust here in austria but across europe. bethany bell, bbc news, vienna. there's growing concern for a chinese artist who has been taken into police custody after posting videos and messages criticising the ruling communist party. khwaa yong filmed protests against forced evictions from some of beijing's poor neighbourhoods. he fled the capital, but was tracked down by police. as officers raided the building in which he was hiding, he posted this tearful video to his infant daughter for her birthday. let's have a look at some of the
other stories making the news. authorities in california have issued new evacuation orders as a huge wildfire flares up again in santa barbara county. meteorologists said fresh northerly winds were likely to drive the flames towards the pacific coast. the blaze — which has been named the thomas fire — is now the third—largest since reliable records began. at least five people have been killed and fifteen are missing after overnight torrential rains caused a landslide in chile. a river of mud has hit the town of villa santa lucia, in patagonia, burying dozens of houses and cutting off
water and electricity. rescue workers are searching the area to find survivors. a full state funeral for romania's last monarch tomic king michael, has taken place in bucharest. he died last week at the age of 96. he was forced to abdicate by romania's communist leaders nearly 70 years ago. nick thorpe reports. he only ruled for ten of his 96 years, but king michael of romania has been given a farewell fit for a national hero. tens of thousands of romanians lined the streets of bucharest as his coffin was carried on a gun carriage from the former royal palace to the patriotic or cathedral of the orthodox church. michael came from the german house of hohenzollern and was a third cousin of queen elizabeth. the king's five daughters and royalty from all over europe attended the funeral mass, including britain's prince charles and former king juan carlos and queen sofia of spain. michael came to the throne for the first time when he was only five years old in 1927. since then, he was the contemporary
of 16 us presidents and eight popes. he's best known for switching romania from the nazi to the allied side during the second world war in 1944. forced to abdicate in 1947 by romania's communist rulers, he lived most of his life in exile in switzerland. the large crowds reminded people of the fall of communism. there was a sense of regret that the monarchy had not been restored then. translation: it is very sad, sad that the king was not able to be in romania, we missed this opportunity twice, when we chased out in 1947, then in 1990. without him, we have lost dignity, education and common sense. maybe we will wake up now. translation: it is important to pay
final tribute to his majesty, because on top of the national tributes, he represents a personal example of depth, dignity, refusal to compromise, and a love of country. from the cathedral, the coffin was taken back through the streets of bucharest to the baneasa railway station. from there, he was carried slowly on the royal train on his final journey to the orthodox monastery at curtea de arges, in the foothills of the carpathian mountains. after another church service, attended only by close family and dignitaries, king michael was finally laid to rest in the royal crypt of the monastery beside his wife, his father and his grandfather. nick thorpe, bbc news. police in canada say they're
treating as "suspicious" the deaths of one of the country's richest men — the pharmaceutical billionaire, barry sherman — and his wife honey. their bodies were found in the basement of their home in toronto. one of toronto's richest suburbs, a house for sale. in the basement, a discovery — two bodies, a man and a woman. barry sherman and his wife honey, one of the richest couples in the country. police cannot yet say what happened. the circumstances of their death lead us to believe that there may be suspicious circumstances. it is an investigative tool. until we know exactly how they died, we treat it as suspicious. barry sherman, who was 75, is thought to be worth more than £2 billion.
he made his money in pharmaceuticals, setting up apotex in the i970s, and building it into one of the biggest drugs companies in the world. stepping down as chief executive in 2012, he dedicated himself to charity work. today, canadian premier justin trudeau said that he and his wife sent their condolences to the shermans‘ family and friends and everyone touched by their vision and spirit. this woman, an employee, still could not believe the news. people looked up to him. people are in shock, crying. they are genuinely heartbroken. for now, the investigation continues into two deaths which leave the community in shock and a family in mourning. angus crawford, bbc news.
you are watching bbc news. they would us. —— stay with us. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes but they brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict that has claimed over 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of serbia, bosnia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life. the lewinsky affair
tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: as south africa's ruling anc party decides on its next leader, presidentjacob zuma has warned of huge challenges ahead and of the need to unite. the un security council is considering a draft resolution which would challenge president trump's recognition ofjerusalem as the capital of israel. as we've heard, south africa's governing african national congress is holding a conference where delegates will choose a new leader to succeed president jacob zuma. to gauge wider public opinion in south africa, we asked a teacher, a singer, and a student what their message would be to their next leader.
iama i am a musician. i iam a musician. i played i am a musician. i played folk music. —— play. i explore belonging in south africa. as a young person and asa in south africa. as a young person and as a young mother, the corruption issues that have been plaguing the anc and, you know, that have just become almost normal, the fa ct have just become almost normal, the fact that these things happen at such high levels, but have now become the culture of how people do things, even at lower levels, you canjust
things, even at lower levels, you can just see it trickling into everything, almost like a cancer. my message to the anc is to stop the corruption, and put the people first, and not bow down to the needs of big business. i am a social worker, and i am 45 years old. i wa nt worker, and i am 45 years old. i want my daughter to grow up in a south africa where she values her identity. i wanted to understand we are all equal, different as we are, we are all equal. my message to the anc is whoever gets to lead this country, remember, we came a long
way separated, but here we are now. the issue we have been speaking of is that our doorstep. it is up to you now to take what actually binds us as you now to take what actually binds usasa you now to take what actually binds us as a country, and to give us direction as to where we go so we can flourish as a country. i am a student. i was born in 1994. all i have ever known is an anc government. i am working on an essay of the race—class debate. i think that a lot of the anc members have lost their way and sort of lost what should be the true aim of the party, to help the people of south africa, especially the poorest. my message to the anc in the next leader of the
party is to focus on education and push through that policy. the skeleton of a woolly mammoth which lived at least 10,000 years ago has sold at auction in france for more than $600,000. rhodri davies has more. it may be staggeringly big and staggeringly old, but it has lost none of its grace. a 15, 000—year—old woolly mammoth skeleton has been sold at auction in france. the ice age beast was found complete and frozen in siberia about ten years ago and was kept by a hunter. it retains 80% of its original bone. translation: here, you have an exceptional specimen, first because of its size, it is a very big one, 5.4 metres in length, 3.5 metres in height, three metre tusks, a gigantic weight of 160 kilograms. this is very important. in general, we find much smaller specimens. the male is believed to have been about 50 years old when it died, weighing nearly a tonne.
it is a rare sale of the largest land mammal of all time. auctioneers sold another woolly mammoth skeleton in 2012 for around $370,000. this time, the budget needed excluded many private museums. the deep pockets of a strasbourg based construction company won the lot for around $644,000. a record price for a mammoth skeleton. translation: since our logo is a mammoth, we couldn't do anything else but buy it. the company has deep pockets and plenty of room. we will put him at the firm's headquarters, we have enough space. we're used to hearing about the problem of air pollution in many cities around the world, but it's a problem with a very long history. in just one week in december 1952, thousands died when london was entombed in a thick pall of pollution and fog. it was because of this smog that
parliament passed the clean air act to reduce the use of smoky fuels. dr brian commins, who worked for the air pollution unit which was set up in london in the 1950s, spoke to the bbc‘s witness programme. ordinary fog does little harm, but smog, smoke and fog, has become one of the greatest mass murderers of modern times. the smog began on a friday, and it was black. it was described as a pea soup because it was a bit yellowish. you could smell it. it tasted a bit acidic. and it caused absolute havoc in the levels of pollution, they were horrendous. you could not see your feet. of pollution, they were horrendous. you could not see yourfeet. i remember on one particular occasion i wanted to cross a very wide road, andi i wanted to cross a very wide road, and i shuffled across, and after 10 minutes i did not know where i was. and finally i ended up on the same side of the road as i started. it was extremely cold for several days. and, of course, londoners
wa nted days. and, of course, londoners wanted to keep warm, because it was so wanted to keep warm, because it was so cold, and so they burnt coal on their open fires. the pollution did not rise up, it tended to drift down and pervade the street and everything else. the smog got in everywhere, you couldn't avoid it. special filtering masks are the latest weapons designed to combat smog. quite a number of people had bronchitis because of industrial exposure and because of industrial exposure and because they smoked. and, of course, when they breathed polluted air, this became very hard for them. heaven help the doctor on a night like this. what can you do when records and experience tell you that
i a ina in1956, in 1956, the were three of us. in 1956, the government decided to pass something called the clean air act to try and discourage and minimise the amount of smoke and fuel that was being used. new flats are a part of the campaign... we still had but as time went on, we had the availability of smokeless fuels like gas and oil. without that, we would have been in
a bad way. and that is the latest from the bbc. thank you for watching. good morning. after our wintry week of weather, it is all change on the weather front. the week ahead looks mild for all of us. there is also going to be a lot of dry weather in the story. but, unfortunately, not much in the way of sunshine. it will be quite cloudy. and we can see the first signs of that cloud spilling in from the atlantic drew the night. now, ahead of it, clear skies. a west east divide. eastern areas could be cold, even frosty as well. you will see brightness. patchy fog as well in the midlands and south—east england. slow to clear. here, temperatures hovering around just below freezing. further west, a different story. mild air pushing in and turning wet and windy. in fact,
some of the brain as it pushes into the higher grounds of scotland will be heavy for a time. —— the rain pushes into south—west wales. the frost will lift. dry weather. clouding over. by the middle of the afternoon, the rain does south—east. that will give us a contrast in the afternoon. showery outbreaks of rain lingering in the south—west. poor visibility with any height in the higher grounds of wales. the same in the pennines. the south—east, a wet end to the afternoon. the weather behind it, 10 degrees in wales. northern ireland in scotland, not too bad. a contrast to the morning. sunshine coming through. isolated showers in the far north. not as cold as it has been. rain continuing to sweep south overnight. briefly, the wind could swing around to a north—westerly four a time. that
means a slightly chilly start. temperatures falling as low to six degrees. it could mean brightness to start with in eastern areas. this is the trend for the early half of the week. high pressure building from the south. it is likely to stay. weather fronts fringing the extreme north—west. the winds will turn the way to a north—westerly. a change to the feel of the weather if you have outdoor plants in the next few days. christmas holidays coming. cloud coming. double digits for all. whatever you do, enjoy it. goodbye. this is bbc news. the headlines: the south african president jacob zuma says the future of the governing african national congress is under threat. speaking at a gathering to
decide the next leader, mr zuma said the anc must tackle the country's economic crisis. the un security council is considering a draft resolution about the status of jerusalem, officially recognised by the us as the capital of israel. the document would declare any unilateral decision would have no legal effect. the man who will be austria's next chancellor says he will lead a government that is clearly in favour of the european union. sebastian kurz has formed a coalition with far right freedom party. romania's last monarch, king michael, has been buried with full state honours. his coffin was earlier carried a gun carriage passed thousands of people the capital, bucharest. —— carried on a. the