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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 19, 2017 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories: taking on china and russia. president trump sets out a strategy for dealing with america's global rivals. we will stand up for ourselves, and we will stand up for our country, like we have never stood up before. a high—speed train derails off a bridge near the us city of seattle. several people have been killed and around 100 injured. south africa's deputy president, cyril ramaphosa, is elected leader of the ruling party, the anc, promising to fight corruption. as twitter suspends accounts connected to hate speech and far—right parties, british politicians speak out against abuse and threats over brexit. president trump has outlined
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a new national security strategy, focusing on economic stability, and identifying russia and china as competitors, challenging america's influence and wealth. the president also said washington had no choice but to deal with the challenge posed by north korea's weapons programme. but he broke with several of his advisers, and previous american policy under president obama, by not mentioning the threat posed by climate change. our north america editor jon sopel reports. for two years now, donald trump has talked incessantly about "america first." today, in unveiling his national security strategy, he sought to give a slogan flesh and bones. and what he was keen to do was stress what a break with the recent past his election represented. he was the change—maker.
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with the strategy i am announcing today, we are declaring that america is in the game, and america is going to win. but to seize the opportunities of the future, we must first understand the failures of the past. our leaders engaged in nation—building abroad, while they failed to build up and replenish our nation at home. the document says that russia and china want to shape a world antithetical to us values and interests. that is in line with the intelligence agencies‘ unanimous view of the threat posed by moscow, with their interference in last year's election. but the president notably didn't phrase it like that in his speech. we also face rival powers, russia and china, that seek to challenge american influence, values, and wealth. we will attempt to build a great partnership with those and other
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countries, but in a manner that always protects our national interest. but, while we seek such opportunities of cooperation, we will stand up for ourselves, and we will stand up for our country, like we have never stood up before. he rounded on kimjong—un‘s north korea, a problem that would be dealt with, he promised. though few countries were mentioned individually, he singled out pakistan for criticism, and its fight against terrorism. and new in this definition of national security was an emphasis on the importance of the economy and fair trade — again, central themes of trump the campaigner. for the first time, american
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strategy recognises recognises economic security is national security. gdp growth, which is way ahead of schedule under my administration, will be one of america's truly greatest weapons. but the speech had nothing to say about climate change, something that barack obama had deemed a threat to national security. america has, in the past six months, experienced the worst hurricane season in decades, with terrible flooding in texas and puerto rico. it is now experiencing the most widespread forest fires in californian history, that some see as evidence of a changing climate. the document instead criticises the onerous regulation of things like the paris climate change deal, which this president has withdrawn the us from. donald trump won over this audience, and his supporters will like what they heard. but the rest of the world, well, they will want to study closely what he said, and what he does. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. ambassadorjamesjeffrey is a former senior us diplomat under george w bush and barack obama, now based at the washington institute. welcome. i am sure you don't
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necessarily share the president's politics. what do you make of the speech? it could be worse. this is a combination of trump's rather dark 19th—century view of competing nationstates, and in the details, the continuation of essentially american core foreign policy since 1920. as your report has noted, on some areas such 1920. as your report has noted, on some areas such as 1920. as your report has noted, on some areas such as climate change, he has deviated. but those are basically on the margins of america's key role in the world. the major thing that is missing in this, compared to what we had in prior administrations, is an overt acknowledgement that we are doing all of this in the world, and trump wa nts to all of this in the world, and trump wants to continue doing it, and is doing it, in support of an international, legally based global order that is informed by american leadership. there is nothing like
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that in there. this is much more transactional. again, it is so 19th—century that vladimir putin could sign up to most of it. and even though climate change is missing from the speech, in fact we know that many of his own advisers, much of his military leadership, much of his military leadership, much of his military leadership, much of the world and many american states are indeed planning for climate change. that is true, they are planning for it, in fact, unless he follows this up somehow, america is on he follows this up somehow, america isona he follows this up somehow, america is on a path, at least for the next year, to reduce climate emissions even more than germany, which is the leader in the global climate change effort, will do in part occurs for many reasons that began with the 0bama many reasons that began with the obama administration, on the ground people are doing a lot more. but still, that is an area where he will be criticised around the world, because it is a serious issue. he was tough in this speech on russia and china and north korea. i guess with the investigation into his
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campaign's links with russia gathering pace, it is not a bad time to be seen to be getting tough on russia. there is that tom i thought he was a little bit too easy, citing prudent for thanking us for doing what of course we would have done, helping forestall a terrorist attack in st petersburg. but nonetheless, this document stresses in a way that the previous ones, since the cold war, have nots, that we are in a global military competition that, to quote the document, is neither war nor peace, with china, russia, iran, north korea, and international jihadist movements. that is simply stating fact is, but the fact that thatis stating fact is, but the fact that that is out there in black and white is important, and by and large his administration is carrying out policies that are consistent with that. ambassador, thank you very much. and on tuesday you can watch a special interview with donald trump's national security adviser, general hr mcmaster, who sat down with our correspondent yalda hakim. their conversation will air throughout the day on bbc world news, and on bbc world news america tomorrow night.
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let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: there have been violent protests in the argentine capital, buenos aires, where congress is making a further attempt to pass pension reforms. the demonstrators say the reforms will lead to the poorest people working longerfor a lower pension. a session last week was postponed because of the disturbances. the country's main union has called a 24—hour general strike. the us has vetoed a resolution from the un security council calling on president trump to reverse his much—criticised decision to recognise jerusalem as israel's capital. all 1a other member states voted for the resolution, including the uk. it is unusual to see the two close allies on opposing sides, and the first time in nearly seven years that america has used its veto at the security council. floods in the philippines have killed at least 26 people. heavy rains brought by tropical storm kai—tak caused flash—floods in the eastern province of samara. power supplies have been cut and villages flooded. almost 88,000 people have been
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forced to seek shelter in evacuation centres. britain's new £3 billion aircraft carrier, the queen elizabeth, is leaking. the royal navy's most expensive warship, its future flagship, is said to be taking on about 200 litres of seawater every hour, because of a faulty seal around a propeller shaft. the ship is scheduled for repair, and the navy insists it will be fit to sail again early in the new year. in the us, a high—speed passenger train has de—railed in the state of washington. three people are so far confirmed dead. about 100 people were taken to hospital. carriages fell from the tracks onto a busy highway below. 0ur correspondent james cook reports from los angeles. disaster struck on the very first run of a new express service from seattle to portland. some passengers were asleep, others were drinking coffee, when the train careered off the track onto the busy motorway
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below. survivors spoke of a rocking and creaking, noise as the engine took the curve at speed, followed by crashing and screaming. ijust grabbed onto the train in front of me for dear life. my laptop went flying, phone went flying. it was all the way at the other end. people were screaming, it was crazy. train 501 was operated by amtrak, the major us rail passenger company, which said there were some 78 passengers and five crew members on board. police say the crash happened at 7:40am, the height of the morning rush—hour, on the is. multiple cars and trucks were struck by train cars that left the train tracks and went down onto the road. the people that were in all the vehicles, even though when you see the pictures, it's pretty horrific, at this point nobody in any of the vehicles is a fatal. the express was taking a new, faster route for the first time. safety concerns about the project
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were still being raised as recently as two weeks ago, and people who live nearby are now demanding a nswe i’s. well, i'm just wondering if they did any dry runs on this, before the passengers aboard. that's my only concern. but yeah, it's a terrible thing. this is the latest in a series of deadly rail accidents in the united states. president trump's initial response has been to use the crash to push his plan to improve american infrastructure, but it is far too early to say what actually caused this tragedy. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. in the last few hours, the emergency services gave an update from the scene of the crash. jay summerlin, pierce county fire chief, explained the complex situation they faced. you know, it's shocking, just like anybody else. it's actually kind of surreal. you look at it — we do training, and something like this, where train cars are precariously dangling over a freeway, that's something that we do tabletops on, and everybody comes in usually going, oh,
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that's not going to happen. well, here we are, it's exactly what happened. so i'm glad we trained at that level, worst—case, because today was one of those days. 400 more flights have been cancelled on monday and another 86 delayed at the world's busiest airport in the us, as the fallout from sunday's crippling power outage continues. the power was cut for 11 hours at atlanta's international airport, leaving passengers stranded in darkened terminals, or in planes out on the runway. even though power was finally restored, the delays have continued to affect travel plans for thousands of people. the failure seems to have been caused by a fire in an underground plant. atlanta's mayor has apologised. amid all the chaos, many were surprised there was no backup power system. this here is a mess, for the last three hours. i mean, things happened. the power went out, understandable. but not to have a backup plan, nobody coming out, telling us what's going on... it goes a long way, just saying what is
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happening. everyone he wasjust kind of shock, and then just fine when on with it. because we thought it was going to come back, really soon. but it hasn't, so... there is not a backup system or something to put in place? i mean, you are thinking big airport like this would be something with a backup. a lot of emergency vehicles were coming into the parking lot and the drop—off point, fire trucks, ambulances, things of that nature, so we really don't know what is going on. a lawyer nominated by president trump to serve as a federaljudge has withdrawn his nomination. it comes just days after matthew petersen was seen struggling to answer basic legal questions from a republican senator. video of the questioning went viral. the white house says mr trump has accepted mr petersen's withdrawal. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: in an ever—ageing world, we visit california to see how they are embracing the challenge of active life in old age. after eight months on the run,
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saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes but they brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict that has claimed over 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of serbia, bosnia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life. the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: president trump has set out his strategy for dealing with america's global rivals in what he described as a new era of competition. several people have been killed and more than 100 others injured after a high—speed passenger train, crashes off a bridge near seattle in the north—west of america. the american nazi party and the leaders of the far—right party britain first have been suspended from twitter. party leader, paul golding, and his deputy jayda fransen whose posts were retweeted by president trump have had their accounts taken down by the social media site. twitter says the move would "reduce the amount of abusive behaviour and hateful conduct" on its platform. here, the prime minister has told the house of commons that "there can never be a place for
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the threats of violence and intimidation against mps." she made the comments after it emerged that some mps have received dozens of abusive e—mails and messages because of their views on brexit. 0ur political correspondent, vicki young, has more details. these are just some of the abusive messages received by this conservative mp in recent weeks. e—mails and tweets full of personal abuse, accusing her and colleagues of treason for voting against the government in a brexit vote, even saying "they should be hanged". anna soubry and others have reported it to the police. this is something new. we have not seen anything like this in the past. it's all about saying to people like me, "you will not vote in the way that you have voted and if you do, i will threaten to hang you. and if you do, i'm going to threaten that you should be deselected." it's disgraceful behaviour and it needs to stop.
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today the prime minister said these kind of attacks on mps were unacceptable. there are many strongly held views on all sides of this chamber. and it is right and proper that we should debate them and do so with all the passion and conviction that makes our democracy what it is. but there can never be a place for the threats of violence and intimidation against some members that we have seen in recent days. 0ur politics must be better than that. a number of conservatives have featured prominently on newspaper front pages for voicing concern over brexit. some mps say there's a direct link between this kind of coverage and online abuse. what we've got here is a toxic triangle: the divisiveness of the brexit issue, the telegraph and the mail identifying certain honourable members as targets and framing the attack on them, and then, facilitated by social media, the mob following. making death threats or other threats of violence against people on grounds of their views is, whether the authors know it or not, a kind of fascism.
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research has suggested diane abbott was the victim of almost half the abuse directed at female mps on twitter during the last election campaign. nobody who has ever sat at home and seen literally hundreds of abusive tweets flood their timeline can underestimate the psychological pressure it puts on us all. tonight, the daily mail said it supported the government in its efforts to tackle abuse on social media, but it said it shouldn't be used as an excuse to prevent proper debate. some mps, though, are genuinely concerned that the threats that are made against them could ultimately put people off
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entering public life. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. and for more on those comments from the prime minister including in depth analysis from our correspondents, just go to our website. that's the lead singer of a popular south korean boy band has died after being taken to hospital unconscious. there are reports that kim jong—hyun of the band shinee was found at a rented apartment in seoul suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning. police are looking into the possibility that he took his own life. fans have been paying their tributes to the 27—year—old singer. 0ne fan tweeted this. "today the k—pop community mourns together." the governing party in south africa, the anc, has elected a new leader. cyril ramaphosa will take over the leadership from president zuma who's facing allegations of corruption. the election of mr ramaphosa, a wealthy businessman and former trade union leader, comes at a significant time for the anc, which is facing a decline in popularity, as our africa editor, fergal keane, reports. singing a profound shift has taken place in the politics
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of this nation. as they waited this afternoon, as cyril ramaphosa and his opponent, dr dlamini—zuma, waited, there were rumours he was ahead. the traditional healer was blessing his opponent. it was in vain. we declare comrade cyril ramaphosa as the new president of the african national congress. a 179—vote margin, enough. here it is, the moment cyril ramaphosa became president of the african national congress. he promised to clean out corruption in the party, because this was neverjust an ordinary election, it was a struggle for the soul of the anc. he was swept to the stage. and with the joy of supporters
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who believed cyril ramaphosa will return the anc to the moral vision of nelson mandela. hallelujah, she called out. it was echoed around the hall. presidentjacob zuma must be worried, but he managed smiles. several of his old allies also won senior positions. the new deputy president has been accused of and denies political corruption and murder. embraced by cyril ramaphosa, but how keen will he be to wage war on corruption? in three decades of serving cyril ramaphosa, it is his tactical skill which has seemed the greatest strength. as a union leaderfighting for rights under apartheid. as the anc‘s key negotiator bringing about the end of white rule. we are prepared to meet president is de klerk at a fairly high level. and in northern ireland, where he helped to oversee
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the decommissioning of ira weapons. in the next few days, cyril ramaphosa will outline his vision for a party and country. it will take all his political skills to see it through. we live in an ageing society, and the latest figures from the office for national statistics, underline the scale of the challenge ahead. one in eight people in the uk is projected to live to at least 100, that's around 8.5 million people. so, how should we prepare for what's being called a new generation of "super—agers." in the first of a series of reports, our medical correspondent, fergus walsh, has been to california to see how they're tackling the issue. on your marks... to me, i don't think about age as being a handicap. set... it's just a process. you live, you die. so, why not live? irene 0'bera is 8a. she makes old age look like an irrelevance. irene's been breaking world records for four decades. and a quitter never wins, and a winner never quits. and i want to be a winner. we're living in an ageing world. by 2050, the number of people aged 65 and over is projected to triple globally to 1.5 billion.
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in the uk, the number of people aged 80 and over is projected to more than double to 7.5 million by 2050. and the number of centenarians to increase sixfold to 911,000. it's a whole body movement... so, what can we do to increase our chances of spending those extra years in good health, like irene? she speaks french it's not just about exercising the body, but also the mind. that's because keeping the brain active can lower the risk of developing dementia. she speaks french ijoined a french language class in berkeley, across the bay from san francisco, where all the students are in their seventies. my mother had alzheimer's. so, i mean, there's part of me doesn't want that to happen to me. i do believe that, erm, intellectual stimulation is important. and science may be able to help. in the hills above silicon valley sits the buck institute.
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researchers there are working on how to delay the way our bodies age. we predict that there will be drugs that will treat ageing, instead of each disease individually. people themselves would be able to look forward to the last decade of their life still being vibra nt, engaged, healthy. just like irene, who challenged me to a friendly race. she can run 100m only seven seconds slower than usain bolt. so, despite my 27—year advantage, the winner was never in doubt. that was fantastic. these pictures are from japan. the
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ueno zoo has unveiled a roughly 12 kilos panda cub. it's been three decades since the last panda cub born there. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching. hello. high pressure can bring a fairly settled spell of weather at any time of year and certainly we have a high pressure dominating the scene across a good three quarters of the british isles, not doing just enough to keep the fronts at bay in the far north and north—west of scotland, as you will see. what it can mean is that we start the days on a fairly chilly note. that is not my great concern as we get into the first part of tuesday. it is just how dense the fog is going to be and how widespread that dense fog could well be.
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i am highlighting a number of areas there. bbc local radio is a good source of local information as to how it will affect your journey. 0n the bigger picture, there are islands of fog that we had quite widely across england and wales and that is not the only source of poor visibility. 0bviously that frontal system coming in with the rain won't help matters, high ground helping to lift the temperatures, in fact down on the shores of the murray firth it will be 13 or 1a degrees. the peaks and western side of wales coming to the south—west could all be affected by some hill fog. despite the fact that the shield of fog lifts across southern england, it could linger in east anglia and the south—east for the greater part of the day. it could well be that we see a return of some of that fog as we start the new day on wednesday. more patchy perhaps, but still the odd pocket of dense fog and you only need one pocket to ruin your day.
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this frontal system makes slow progress down and across the british isles as we get on through the day on wednesday. bringing with it the possibility of some rain, i don't think there will be an awful lot, although it may be enhanced. that frontal system waving its way across the heart of the british isles during the day. to either side, it is essentially still relatively mild, but as the frontal system comes further south, the milder airs will tend to be confined over the southern parts of britain, maybe something slightly colderjust making its presence felt across northern parts of scotland and into northern ireland. i think single figure temperatures but not perishingly cold, the breeze is coming across the top end of a new developing area of high pressure as we close out the week. then further south, that band of cloud, the old weather front tending to dissipate and maybe the odd spot of rain on the far side. but we close out the week on a relatively dry note. take care. this is bbc news.
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the headlines: president trump says america is facing a new era of economic competition. in a major strategy speech, mr trump referred to china and russia as global powers challenging the us on the world stage. he also presented his national security strategy, which reflected his ‘america first‘ priorities. several people are so far confirmed dead after a high speed train derailed and plunged off a bridge in the us state of washington. about 100 people were taken to hospital, most of them passengers. the train was on its first run on a new, faster route from seattle to portland. the businessman and former trade union leader, cyril ramaphosa has been elected, the new leader of south africa‘s governing anc. the 65—year—old, veteran of the anti—apartheid struggle, has been the party‘s deputy president since 2012. he ran on a ticket of fighting corruption and reviving the economy. now on bbc news, monday in parliament.
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