welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm gavin grey. our top stories: the un security council unanimously backs tough new sanctions against north korea, severely restricting its ability to import oil. a visit by britain's foreign secretary to russia to repair today this council stand united against a north korean regime that rejects the pursuit of peace. a visit by britain's foreign secretary to russia to repair relations ends in public discord — as borisjohnson accuses moscow of carrying out cyber attacks. two former fifa bosses are found guilty by a court in new york of accepting millions of dollars in bribes. also in the programme: a new fully—automated computer system to trap sexual predators from thousands of kilometres away. the united nations security council
has passed biting new sanctions on north korea that will cut oil supplies vital for pyongyang's missile and nuclear programmes. with china's backing, the council in new york voted unanimously to adopt the us—drafted resolution. the sanctions also force north koreans working overseas to return home — cutting off another revenue stream for kim jong—un‘s regime. the bbc‘s nada tawfik is at the un. this is the 10th security council resolution imposing sanctions on north korea. none before it has convinced kim jong—un to abandon his nuclear programme, but diplomats hope this resolution will bite hard enough to change the regime's calculus — or at the very least, restrict its ability to carry out additional nuclear and missile tests.
president trump specifically asked president xi of china to cut oil to pyongyang, believing it would be a pivotal step. according to the united states, north korea imported 4.5 million barrels of refined petroleum in 2016. this resolution now caps it to 500,000 barrels a year — a nearly 90% cut to a vital lifeline of the regime. mr trump celebrated the adoption of new sanctions, tweeting: america's un ambassador nikki haley warned there would be repercussions if pyongyang continued on its course. today's resolution achieves an 89% total reduction of the kim regime's ability to import gasoline, diesel and other refined products, and should the north korean regime conduct another nuclear or ballistic missile test, this resolution commits the security council to take even further action. the chinese ambassador, wu haitao, repeated beijing's calls for dialogue.
translation: china urges dprk to take seriously the demands of the international community, abide by and implement the council resolutions, and refrain from conducting any further nuclear and missile tests. the resolution also requires countries to expel north koreans working abroad within 2a months in an effort to cut off an important source of revenue. 15 north korean officials in the ministry which manages logistics for the army will now be added to the un blacklist. and, to counter sanctions evasion, the resolution requires countries to seize ships caught smuggling banned items. drjohn park is director of the korea working group at the harvard kennedy school. he is advisor to the us departments of defence, state, and the treasury, as well as the national security council and congressional committees. he's in cambridge massachusetts. thank you forjoining us. they have
been imposing sanctions on pyongyang since 2008, and finally they are at a stage that some say we should have reached in 2008. that is true, we are looking at measures that certainly are more tense, the scale and scope of these measures are much deeper than we have had in previous resolutions. however we also have to ta ke resolutions. however we also have to take into account that north korea is very far advanced in terms of its nuclear and ballistic missile development, so the question is, with the timescales here, it looks like it will take years for the impact of this kind of measures, and we are seeing progress in north korea in weeks and months. is it truly too late in terms of these meshes? —— measures. truly too late in terms of these meshes? -- measures. do you think it is too late? if we look at these measures, sanctions i think at this point there is a lot of emphasis involved on getting north korea back
to the negotiating table. but it is not about breaking up north korean procurement networks, particularly inside china and the mainland, and thatis inside china and the mainland, and that is a question of the chinese government using law enforcement policy tools to break up these networks. we don't have it confirmed from north korea, but there was talk ofa from north korea, but there was talk of a tunnel collapse that one of the missile launch sites. has that, or does this mean that, combined with the oil embargo, but that could have a real effect? north korea seems to be following its own timeline, there was hope that during this board is that we saw recently, that north korea was working towards coming back to negotiations, those hopes we re back to negotiations, those hopes were dispelled when the north koreans conducted what was their third icbm test. there is this temptation to a tribute setbacks to
tunnel collapses and other measures, but from the track record, we have seen, the more complex test is, the more time it takes, which is why we have seen the pause. why did china change its votes? china has been on board with these kind of measures, they have been stipulating that they would permit un security council thatis, would permit un security council that is, no more no less. the measures are a type of measured response overall, that it is calibrating, china is very careful not tojoin measures calibrating, china is very careful not to join measures that would trigger the inadvertent collapse of the north korean regime. we see china tojoin this the north korean regime. we see china to join this line of supporting these measures are making sure they are not contribute into something that would trigger the overall colla pse something that would trigger the overall collapse of the north korean regime. thank you. -- would not. a meeting intended to bring british relations with russia out of the deep freeze has ended with public accusations of lying.
in the first visit by a british foreign secretary to moscow for five years, borisjohnson confronted his russian counterpart sergei lavrov about moscow's alleged involvement in cyber attacks on the west. mr lavrov retorted that the accusations were fabricated. 0ur diplomatic correspondent james robbins reports on this most revealing of visits. handshakes can be deceptive. true, this foreign secretary has broken a five—year british boycott of visits to moscow. but when russia's sergei lavrov says he wants a return to business as usual, borisjohnson says that's impossible. as you rightly say, sergei, things are not easy between us at the moment. the talks aired grievances on both sides and examined space for limited cooperation. by supporting the iran nuclear deal together and opposing the nuclear threat from north korea. but deep disagreements remain.
at theirjoint news conference, that was stark. for all the efforts at banter there was a seriousness when sergei lavrov tried to brush off british allegations of russia meddling in foreign elections. translation: my neighbour boris johnson recently stated he had no evidence that russia meddled in the referendum on the withdrawal of britain from the european union. not successfully, not successfully i think is the word. not successfully is the word that i think you need to introduce. translation: you see, he's scared if he doesn't disagree with me, his reputation will be ruined in the media at home. sergei, it's your reputation i'm worried about. so how did relations with russia go from bad to worse? russia's use of radioactive poison to murder alexander litvinenko in the middle of london started the slide. three years ago russia's annexation of crimea
and interference in ukraine provoked tough eu sanctions, strongly backed by britain. then last month, theresa may accused russia of cyber espionage and meddling in elections. britain says it has cyber weaponry to retaliate if attacks get worse. it is a sad truth that our relations, having gone through a good patch in the 1990s and the early 2000s, are now going through a very difficult patch. there is no question of that at all. but one of the reasons for coming here is that there is no point in simply sitting on the sidelines and complaining about each other. we have to engage. but when boris johnson was asked if he trusted russia's foreign minister, to avoid a direct answer he tried to make light of it. you know, it's a measure of my trust that as soon as i got into this excellent foreign ministry i immediately
handed my coat, my hat, my gloves, and indeed everything that was in my pockets, secret or otherwise, to sergei lavrov. translation: i can say there was nothing in the pockets of boris's coat. so, striding across red square, the foreign secretary was no mere tourist. he was nodding to russia's historic greatness, while pressing for a radical change of direction. coming here to red square borisjohnson insists that he loves russia. he points to his name, the fact that he has some russian ancestry. what he doesn't love is the present russian government. so, paying his tribute at the tomb of russia's unknown soldier had a particular symbolism. britain and russia fought together against hitler as allies. restoring that closeness now seems a long way off. two former fifa officials have been convicted by a jury for accepting
millions of dollars in bribes, and are now facing long prison sentences. the trial in new york city was part of a us investigation into corruption at the football governing body. from new york, richard conway reports. arriving for a trial which has seen alleged death threats, jury intimidation, a suicide, and claims of rampant corruption. this case, involving three senior football officials, has been likened to one involving the mafia. but the men aren't mobsters. instead, they were some of the most powerful figures in the sport. juan angel napout of paraguay was a vice president of fifa, football's world governing body, and was accused of taking bribes worth $10.5 million from television companies. he has been found guilty of three of the five charges against him. jose maria marin, the one—time head of brazilian football, was accused of taking nearly $6.5 million in bribes. he was found guilty of six
of the seven charges against him. while manuel berga, the former head of the peruvian fa, is accused of taking bribes worth $4 million. the jury is still out on that charge. the roots of this case trace back to may 2015 when the american authorities first swooped, starting with a hotel call in zurich which nobody was expecting. in all, 42 football chiefs and executives have been indicted. these defendants, it is alleged, sought to institutionalise their corruption to ensure that it lived on, not for the good of the game, but for their own personal aggrandisement and gain. but securing convictions has not been easy. manuel berga was accused in court of making a cut—throat gesture towards the prosecution's star witness, while an argentine official named as taking cash took his own life. the investigation into bribery and corruption at the very top of world football began here in new york city over two and a half years ago.
many of the officials caught up are cooperating with the authorities in the hope of receiving a reduced sentence. but the fallout for fifa, well, it doesn't stop with this trial, given the many references in court to a future world cup. key witnesses in the case described how payments allegedly stemming from qatar, which will host the 2022 world cup, were made to senior world officials. but they did not say what the money was for. tournament organisers insist there is no evidence of wrongdoing. the past few years have been enormously damaging for fifa, but one of its vice presidents told me that reforms are slowly changing the culture. fifa's behaviour has improved dramatically. i think that will continue. but it is going to take some time. people around the world accept that, and where that message gets through, there are still other improvements that need to happen. this is a big ship, an aircraft carrier, to try and turn. i think we started that process very well but you've got to get everybody on board to behave properly now as well.
the days of mixing with the game's biggest stars are now at an end forjose maria marin and juan angel napout. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: how reindeerfarmers in finland are turning to technology to protect their herds from predators. we saw this enormous tidal wave approaching the beach, people started to run, and suddenly it was complete chaos. united states troops have been trying to overthrow the dictatorship of general manuel noriega. the pentagon said the operation was 90% successful but failed in its principal objective, to capture general noriega and take him to the us to face drugs charges. the hammer and sickle was hastily taken away. the russian flag was hoisted over what is no longer the soviet union but the commonwealth of independent states.
day breaks slowly over lockerbie, over the cockpit of pan am's maid of the seas nosedown in the soft earth. you could see what happens when a plane eight stories high, a football pitch wide, falls from 30,000 feet. christmas has returned to albania after a communist ban lasting more than 20 years. thousands went to midnight mass in the town of sjkroda where there were anti—communist riots ten days ago. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the un security council has unanimously backed tough new sanctions against north korea, restricting its ability to import oil. a visit by britain's foreign secretary to russia to repair relations ends in public discord, as borisjohnson accuses moscow of carrying out cyber attacks. japan's emperor akihito is greeting crowds who've gathered at the imperial palace to wish him
a happy 84th birthday. currently december 23rd is a national holiday, but that might change into a normal working day after his abdication in april 2019 when his son crown prince naruhito becomes the new emperor. his birthday will then turn into the new national holiday. jeff kingston is director of asia studies at temple university. he is in gunma prefecture north of tokyo. thank you forjoining us. it is true to say, isn't it, that the current leader is very well regarded? i'll, yes. —— oh, yes. the media today is full of stories about the emperor and his family. there is clearly a warm veneration of emperor akihito andi warm veneration of emperor akihito and i think people are already sort
of missing him. they realise how important he has been to japan over the last 35 years. he first talked about retirement a couple of years ago, but obviously it was decided there is to have a slow transition? —— decided it was best. there is to have a slow transition? -- decided it was best. yes, lifetime employment has a special meaning here. by the time he retires it will be almost three years since indicated his failing health would make it very difficult for him to carry out his duties. so it has taken the government a while to revise the law, and to make reparations. but in may 2019, there will be a new emperor. i suspect, however, they will figure out a way to honour the current emperor and make his birthday into a national holiday. what the differences between he and narahito, would you say? i think the differences are far more profound with his own father,
hirohito, who was rather aloof. i think akihito has made it his business to address the unfinished business to address the unfinished business of the war. so he has been the chief mystery of reconciliation with asian countries which suffered under the japanese military‘s loot. —— chief emissary. and domestically, he has made himself a sort of first responder, showing great compassion for the vulnerable and the dislocated. i think that narahito, basically, is similar to his father, andi basically, is similar to his father, and i think he is well prepared to carry on the torch. and even those who are not big fans of the minority injapan will who are not big fans of the minority in japan will see this who are not big fans of the minority injapan will see this as a fairly smooth transition, you think?|j think smooth transition, you think?” think so. i would think the current prime minister, shinzo abe, will celebrate quietly. he and akihito have had their differences over the wartime history, and also about constitutional revision. sodium pro, of course, by the constitution,
forces him to refrain from doing anything political. —— so the emperor, of course. he isjust a symbol of the state. many of his gestures and comments resonated politically, and generally speaking he has been on the opposite side of the arguments from the current prime minister. jeff kingston, from japan, thank you. it's a growing problem in countries like the philippines — children put to work in front of webcams, forced to perform sex shows for paedophiles watching on the other side of the world. in 2013 a dutch organisation tried to find out how big the problem was, by using the fake online profile of a 10—year—old filipina girl — they called her sweetie. more than 1,000 men offered her money to perform for them. now the team behind sweetie are launching a new project, this time targeting individual predators themselves — and the software's being offered to police forces across the world. angus crawford reports from the netherlands. 0nline, undercover,
searching chat rooms, looking for predators. sweetie is back. always it's about sex. and always about adults who want to talk about sex. look, he's british, like many others, and remember they are talking to what they think is an 11—year—old girl. remember this? i'm not real. the computer—generated model... back then, sweetie needed human operators to type her chats online. the new version is different. they're popping up. fully automated, she can now handle hundreds of conversations at the same time. so you could be getting the information on thousands of men? there is no end. sweetie's avatar has been retired and replaced by two new ones, sometimes being shown to predators via webcam. but we can't show you or they'd be no use any more.
they invite him into their house, which is the cybersex den... so, why is this new campaign? here's why. in the philippines more and more children are being forced to sell sex to foreigners via webcam. five people were arrested and there were more than 600 foreign customers in the network. he has turned on his camera... sweetie first showed us the scale of the problem. now the team is going on the offensive against men like this. he's naked and he thinks he knows you're just 12. exactly. and he wants you... to be naked... to turn on your camera... be naked, as well. i think he will... take off his trousers. their details could be passed to the police. and they'll get a nasty shock. an automatic message sent straight to their inbox. that will have a major impact on their behaviour. we know who you are, we know where you are, we know what you want.
stop this. sweetie's job was to raise awareness, not catch criminals. this man, australian scott hanson, was one of the few to be prosecuted. but in many countries this kind of evidence doesn't count. some police forces support the project, others don't. but the sweetie team go on, scouring chat rooms, turning the same technology used to exploit children back against the predators who seek them out. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. donald trump has signed a $1.5 trillion tax bill into law, before heading to his florida resort for christmas. the legislation cuts the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% percent and includes funds for missile defence. it's the biggest overhaul to the us tax system in decades. a man's been arrested,
accused of plotting a christmas attack in one of san francisco's most popular tourist attractions, pier 39. everitt aaron jameson, a former us marine, has been charged with attempting to provide material support to a foreign terrorist organisation. he revealed his plans to an undercover fbi agent whom he believed to be a leading figure in the islamic state group. the price of bitcoin has plummeted by 30% in just one day, the number of people believed to have been killed in a tropical storm in the philippines has risen to 30, according to officials. flooding caused by tropical storm tembin has affected large areas of minder now. dozens of homes in one village were buried when heavy rain triggered a mud slide. the price of bitcoin has plummeted by 30% in just one day, marking the worst week for the crypto—currency since 2013. it follows days of high—profile security problems at two exchanges,
as well as stark warnings from global regulators about the risks posed by crypto—currencies. reindeer in lapland are being fitted with tracking devices, to try to stop so many succumbing to predators like wolves and bears. hundreds of thousands of the animals roam the northern tundra of finland. now reindeer farmers hope to find any that are attacked, and steer herds away from danger. andrew plant reports. they roamed the remote snow—covered forests of northern finland. up to 300,000 reindeer living in herds led by the largest female. but life in the arctic circle comes with many dangers. thousands are lost each year to predators like wolves, brown bears and wolverines too. now reindeerfarmers are turning to technology. trackers are fitted to the female leaders, sending signals across the arctic, making it easier to find any injured individuals, and to move the reindeers away from areas
where they know there is a predator. reindeer are big business for farmers in finland, allowed to roam freely across the northern forest of lapland, only rounded up twice every year. the farmers hope the trackers could help save thousands of reindeer lives, and give scientists an insight too — into where the herds go in their distant snow—covered forest homes. time now for a quick reminder of our top story. the un security council has passed biking new sanctions on north korea which will cut oil supplies vital for pyongyang's missile and nuclear programmes. —— biting new sanctions. this is bbc
news. hi, there. it has been cloudy for the past few days, very mild as well. more of the same to come over the next few days in the run—up to the big day itself. staying mild, turning a bit windier, and a bit of rain across the north—west the uk. particularly for western scotland. for the time being we've got a lot of cloud and high pressure to the south of the uk. these westerly winds bringing cloud off the atlantic. the weather front approaching scotland, bringing outbreaks of rain and wet weather to start the day across the northern isles. for many of us it's a dry, a cloudy and mild start. misty and murky around western coasts and hills, but probably not as murky as it has been over the past few days on account of the stronger winds. the winds pick up on saturday in the northern half of the uk and they will encourage a few breaks in the cloud every now and then. not many breaks for most of england and wales. it stays pretty dull and cloudy for most of the day. still murky over high ground of the moors in the south—west, across the hills of wales and pennines too.
temperature wise, 10—12 celsius, similar to the last few days. the rain working in through the afternoon in northern ireland. turning wet in scotland. in eastern areas, prospects of a few bright and sunny spells on account of the strong winds blowing holes in the cloud sheet. through saturday night, there will still be some pulses of rain coming and going across scotland. if anything it turns heavier in western areas and it will be persistent. another mild night. temperatures 9—10 celsius widely. for christmas eve and christmas day, this weather front becomes very slow—moving, often targeting western scotland, with pulses of heavy rain. those rainfall totals mounting up. we could see some localised surface flooding across western scotland in the run—up to the big day. so the potential for localised transport disruption here. christmas eve will be a breezier day. 0ften cloudy, still with spots of rain and drizzle in western areas. the stronger winds again encouraging a couple of cloud breaks every now and then. temperatures, as you were —10—12 celsius. christmas day, we continue the theme of mild and cloudy weather. a bit windier. the band of rain moves in across northern ireland and scotland and into the far
north—west of england and wales. if you go into the high mountains, above 500 metres elevation, you might see a bit of snow, but for the vast majority it is going to be a mild christmas day. but after christmas, keep in touch with the weather forecast because it turns colder and the chance of seeing heavy snow perhaps affecting parts of the pennines, which could cause disruption after christmas. this is bbc news, the headlines: president trump has welcomed the unanimous vote by the un security council to impose tough new sanctions against north korea. he said the move showed the world's desire for peace, not war. under the new sanctions oil imports to north korea will be severely limited. in the first visit by a british foreign minister to moscow for five years, borisjohnson has acknowledged that there
are "difficulties" in relations with russia, but said he wants the situation to improve. his russian counterpart sergei lavrov said it was no secret that bilateral relations were at a "low point". two former south american football officials have been convicted by a us court of taking millions of dollars in bribes. paraguay‘sjuan angel napout and jose maria marin of brazil are likely to be jailed for at least ten years for taking bribes to grant broadcasting contracts. now on bbc news, rachel horne looks back at the big business stories this year, and asks what we can expect in the coming twelve months