good afternoon. north korea has described the latest united nations sanctions as an act of war and tantamount to a complete economic blockade. the un security council imposed the us—drafted measures on friday in response to pyongyang's ballistic missile tests. north korea has vowed to strengthen its nuclear deterrent to frustrate america. sophie long sent this report from the south korean capital, seoul. an act of war that violates peace and stability on the korean peninsular, that was north korea's reaction to the latest and toughest round of sanctions could be imposed on pyongyang. the us drafted resolution was agreed by all members of the un security council, including china, north korea's main ally and trading partners who called again for all parties to show restraint. i am grateful to again for all parties to show restraint. i am gratefulto my collea g u es restraint. i am gratefulto my colleagues for the serious measures we have enacted on behalf of the north korean people and i ask you
keep them in your thoughts and prayers this holiday season as we continue to fight against this, the most tragic example of evil in the modern world. the new sanctions include a ban on the import of nearly 90% of all oil supplies to north korea, vital to its missile and nuclear programmes. they also require the repatriations of north koreans working abroad. it is believed pyongyang uses their earnings to help fund weapons development. the sanctions come in response to this, the firing of pyongyang's most powerful missile yet. it said it could reach the us soil. they are intended to push pyongyang to the negotiating table and towards a diplomatic solution. but had a's response indicates kim yong and has little desire to give up yong and has little desire to give up his weekly admissions —— kim jong—un has little desire to give up
his nuclear ambitions. two men have died after a crash on mao involving a number of vehicles. four people were injured, one seriously. police and paramedics were called to the scene on the northbound stretch of the motorway in oxfordshire just before midnight. officers from thames valley police are calling for witnesses. rescuers are searching for victims of a tropical storm in the southern philippines where more than 200 people have died in mudslides and flash floods. thousands of people have been evacuated from their homes, as howard johnson, our correspondent in manila, explains. high winds and heavy rain have battered mindanao for the last three days, as tropical storm tembin made its way across the country. rivers burst their banks, inundating towns, while a number of villages were buried under landslides. a spokesperson for the united nations children's fund said conditions on the island are dire and that many without clean water or electricity. there were 103 houses here. when the flood happened, it swept them all away. the philippines national disaster
council is spearheading the relief effort. providing meals and shelter to thousands of people displaced by the storm. a call for people to evacuate in good time before the storm actually did not have an effect. the storm passed over some of the absolute poorest areas in the philippines and people live in hard to reach areas. the philippines is hit by around 20 typhoons a year, bringing misery to some of the poorest communities in the country. tropical storm tembin has no strength and to typhoon status, it is now over the south china sea and it is expected to hit vietnam in the coming days. howard johnson, bbc news, manila, in the philippines. plans to ditch the army's slogan "be the best" have been halted by the new defence secretary,
gavin williamson. £500,000 has been spend on a rebranding exercise that would have got rid of the slogan because it was deemed elitist. the ministry of defence said the british army is the best of the best and that the proposals were now on hold. london zoo has reopened today after a fire on saturday killed several animals and some staff had to be treated for smoke inhalation. the zoo confirmed an aardvark died and four meerkats, who remain unaccounted for, are also presumed to have died. the cause of the blaze, which broke out in the animal adventure section and spread to a shop, remains unclear. 0pponents opponents of president putin have held a series of rallies across russia. 0ne told supporters he would stand against putin. however, it is not yet certain if officials will let him run. pilgrims have been arriving
in bethlehem ahead of a midnight mass this evening. but this year's celebrations take place amid rising tensions in the region, following the us decision to recognisejerusalem as israel's capital earlier this month. 0ur middle east correspondent, tom bateman, is in bethlehem for us today. always a popular event, but amid the security concerns, numbers as big as they normally would be? we are in front of the church of the nativity, the spot where christians believe jesus was born and it is the focal point of the procession that has taken place this morning, including religious leaders and other pilgrims who made their way along the route they believe mary and joseph came to this particular site. there has been much festivity in the squire, but out outside of that bubble, it comes against the backdrop of two and a half weeks of clashes between israeli troops and palestinians —— in the square. since donald trump's announcement officially recognising
jerusalem as the capital of israel. there is now a severe diplomatic stand—off between the palestinian leadership and the us, mahmoud abbas will be here forever and mass tonight. he has said he cannot accept a us brokered peace plan, if one is announced the new year. the israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu israeli prime minister binyamin neta nyahu has held israeli prime minister binyamin netanyahu has held a weekly cabinet meeting this morning and he has said in his view once again it is the palestinians who are not prepared to solve the conflict. thank you very much. rail passengers are being warned they could face disruption as network rail carries out its biggest ever christmas engineering programme. 260 projects will lead to numerous station closures over the festive period. many of britain's mainline routes will also be shut or running reduced services over the coming days. cricket, and england are preparing for the fourth ashes test which starts tomorrow in melbourne. england, already 3—0 down in the series, will want to do everything they can
to avoid the whitewash. patrick gearey has been examining their prospects. melbourne is a city which reaches for the skies. there are more tall buildings here than in london or in beijing — a reminder to england of their now impossible climb. 3—0 down, the ashes gone, surrounded by criticism and jibes from the aussies, now england have to come here. and in this place, it's very easy to feel lost. it's happened before. the last england test team to come to the mcg were 3—0 down and ended up losing the series 5—0. so, how are this side any different? the morale in the group is still really high and, you know, no—one's... there's no bickering. there's no, you know, separation within the group. it's good that we've all stuck yogether. you know, i wasn't here on that previous ashes tour, but by all accounts, there were differences within the camp back then. and, yeah, it definitely doesn't
feel like that here. everyone's working hard to try and win this test match. if there's hope, maybe it's in a damaged heel belonging to mitchell starc, the top wicket taker in the series. he'll miss the test, to be replaced byjackson bird. some in the england camp have claimed australia's bowling back—ups aren't up to the standard of the front line. in response, starc can't bowl actual bouncers, but here's a verbal one. it's quite humorous, actually. erm, they haven't taken 20 wickets yet in the series so... erm, and we have, and then they're having a crack at our depth. so i think they've got bigger things to worry about than the depth of the australian fast bowlers. so, as i said, hopefully, jacko takes fiver. he still bowls quick enough. i'm pretty sure he still bowls quicker than the pom bowlers as well, so... laughter. maybe in adversity, england will find their true character, but australia is planning to celebrate and humiliate. and around here, one thing preoccupies them more than anything. patrick gearey, bbc news, in melbourne. you can see more on all of today's stories on the bbc news channel. the next news on bbc one is at 5.35pm.
bye for now. hello. you are watching the bbc news channel. new guidance on how local authorities combat anti—social behaviour has been issued by the government, following concerns that some councils are misusing the measures. critics say so—called public spaces protection 0rders have been used inappropriately to target groups such as rough sleepers and dog—owners. andy moore reports. some charities working with the homeless say the new powers can be used indiscriminately against rough sleepers. others say so—called public spaces protection 0rders, which can cover large areas, are being used to target groups like buskers or dog walkers. but councils argue they are working with their communities to crack down
on serious problems. the manifesto group campaigns against what they call the over—regulation of ordinary life. it says hundreds of these orders have been issued, making a wide range of activities a criminal offence. the group claims, for example, that as part of a crackdown on begging, blackpool wanted to ban loitering around cash machines and shop entrances. doncaster wanted to ban groups of three or more people causing nuisance or annoyance to people in the town centre. brighton wanted to stop anyone sleeping in a car, caravan or tent in the town. fines of up to £100 can be issued for any breaches of these orders. the local government association says it will work constructively with the government to introduce the new guidelines. public spaces protection 0rders are used for the really serious end of anti—social behaviour and councils don't choose to do this on their own. residents will come to us, businesses will come to us, and say, there might be some aggressive begging, daytime drinking
or even street racing. that is the sort of things that these orders are used for. the revised guidelines say councils must focus on specific problems rather than blanket bans of behaviour that are not in themselves anti—social. and they must make sure they consult the public before the regulations are introduced. andy moore, bbc news. britain's political leaders have used their annual christmas messages to pay tribute to those who help others. they also urge people to support those in need over the festive season. 0ur political correspondent, eleanor garnier, has more. wishing everyone a happy christmas, the prime minister thanked those who help others during the festive period, like volunteers at faith projects and international aid workers. theresa may highlighted the courage and dedication of the emergency services who went to the grenfell tower tragedy and terrorist attacks in manchester and london. and she thanked the country's armed forces. this christmas, as people
across the uk celebrate this special time of year with family and friends, we will do so secure in the knowledge that the valiant hearts of our service men and women, many far away from their own loved ones at this special time of year, are working to keep us safe. in his second christmas message as labour leader, jeremy corbyn called britain a compassionate nation, urging people to think of those who may be lonely at this time of year. many older citizens, to whom we owe so much, will be spending what should be a time ofjoy alone. we think of others such as carers who look after loved ones and people with disabilities or dementia. and abroad, we think of those living in nations such as yemen, syria and libya, in fear of bombs and bullets, of injury and death. snp first minister nicola sturgeon paid tribute to those working over the holidays and visited a community
cafe in glasgow to thank volunteers. this cafe and the volunteers here are among thousands of organisations and individuals throughout scotland who do so much for our local communities, not just at christmas, but all throughout the year. the lib dem leader, vince cable, used his message to highlight the issue of homelessness. community has always been at the heart of liberalism. this is a time of year to make that commitment. that is why i am asking you to take out some time this christmas and help with a local charity near you. the party leaders' festive messages were shared on social media to wish voters a merry christmas but also remind people to spare a thought for those in need. eleanor garnier, bbc news. it's reported that the british—iranian woman held in prison
for spying in tehran is to face new charges. following a visit by the foreign secretary, borisjohnson, to iran earlier this month there where hopes improvements would be made in her case. earlier this week, her family said that her case had been marked as eligible for early release. nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe is currently serving a five—year sentence for spying, which she denies. earlier, i caught up with richard ratcliffe who gave me the latest news on his wife's situation. we were sort of going around telling the world that it felt like it was almost over and then the following day, one of people stood up and said, no, there could be more charges. so we have been watching very closely events in iran and yesterday, nothing happened, today, nothing's happened. so i spoke to her this morning, no sign of that second court case. in fact, her lawyer went into prison yesterday and said, don't worry, it's still marked the same on the computer, this is just being politics, ignore what happens in the iranian media and i promise you still in the next ten days, two weeks, it could be over. there is going to be
a judiciary press conference later on today in iran. we'rejust watching everything now and trying not too up and down and try to keep level headed. which is of course difficult at this time of year. the last time we spoke, you said that there are these competing high—powered elements in iran and each of them has a different take, seemingly, on the case. that's right, just as we have become... we're on the news quite a lot, we're a political issue in the uk and in iran and different people have different aspirations for making friends with the uk or preventing that and nazanin has become a political football. the fact that she was on holiday is irrelevant to the fact she is still being used in these ways. so it is not clear if the sort of comments from friday are just political sounding, or if there is going to be some substance to it. so far, there has not been any substance. 0bviously, she is not going to be home for christmas eve, but, you know, christmas day possible, boxing day, and could be that we are in for a much longer haul. i'm not yet gearing up
to escalate and do more. i'm still hoping and fingers crossed. so, just to be clear, the news that we got from the lawyer and it said on the computer system marked for early release is still there? yes. that is still on the file. yes. this has come from an element almost within thejudiciary. yes, and not an insignificant element as well. so he is convinced that the process is still moving forwards and there are some powerful factions saying, no, it's not. of course, we had a second court case that was mooted before, then the foreign secretary went over to iran and then it fell away. 0nly last week, the court case disappeared and was cancelled formally by the court and then it has been revived again. so it's really hard to know what's going on and it's hard not to get too up or down, but certainly, as i say, i spoke to nazanin this morning and she wasn't in the best of moods. the headlines on bbc news:
north korean state tv describes as an ‘act of war‘ new economic sanctions imposed by the united nations. pyongyang has vowed to strengthen its nuclear deterrent. rescuers are searching for 150 missing people after a tropical storm in the philippines left another 200 dead. two people have been killed and four injured following a multiple vehicle crash on the mao in oxfordshire. the motorway has now reopened. sport now and a full round up from the bbc sport centre. thank you very much indeed. sheffield wednesday and middlesbrough are both looking for new managers after the two teams met at hillsbrough yesterday. wednesday confirmed a short time ago that carlos carvalhal has left the club after yesterday's 2—1 defeat. it leaves wednesday 15th in the championship. ryan shotton scored the crucial second goalfor boro. sheffield wednesday released a statement earlier this morning saying, "both parties believe the time is right to go our separate ways." he had been in charge for two and a half years. it follows the departure
of middlesbrough boss garry monk. despite yesterday's victory, one of the division's pre—season promotion favourites are ninth. southampton‘s charlie austin has been charged with violent conduct by the football association after yesterday's one—all draw against huddersfield. this challenge on huddersfield goalkeeperjonas lossl left him with a suspected broken nose. the incident wasn't seen by the match officials but was caught on camera. austin could now face a three—match ban. at the top of the premier league, manchester city are 13 points clear after their 17th win in a row. city beat bournemouth 4—0 which took them over the 100 goal mark for 2017, making them the first english side to do that in since 1982. sergio aguero scored two of city's goals, manager pep guardiola said afterwards his striker had earned the right to determine his own future. it follows speculation this week about aguero's future at the club. city's nearest rivals, manchester united, suffered suffered a serious dent to their title challenge. they could only draw 2—2
against ten—man leicester at the kingpower stadium. a result which left manager jose mourinho extremely frustrated. we had moments of easy possession to control the game which we also lost with childish decisions and missing the ball. quite easily. given to 18, giving them the chance to put goals in the box. then the goal arrived to punish the team that should win easily, but to punish the team that made mistakes. tottenham's harry kane equalled alan shearer‘s record for the most premier league goals scored in a calendar year with a hat—trick in a 3—0 win at burnley. the england striker‘s third made it 36 in 2017. kane is also the joint top scorer in the premier league with 15 so far in the current campaign and was asked if he can beat all of shearer‘s records. we will see! still a long way to go yet. but no, it is good
to get a hat—trick, to draw level with one game left. we will see what happens on tuesday and then, long—term, just 2018 hopefully even better than this year. leicester host saracens at three o'clock, the biggest crowd of the season o'clock, the biggest crowd of the seasonis o'clock, the biggest crowd of the season is expected so far with 22,000 tickets already sold, saracens are currently fourth in the aviva premiership table, leicester are sixth. that's all the sport for now. russians will go to the polls in a presidential election next march with vladimir putin seeking a fourth term in office. mr putin has dominated russian politics since the beginning of the century. opposition parties have also announced their candidates for the spring election, as georgina smyth reports. taking on challenges of a different kind in red square. russian president vladimir putin
was given a clear play at goal in the ice rink, but for the goal of re—election next march, the competition might not be so friendly. among those standing in his way, a surprise candidate for the russian communist party, pavel grudinin. the party, which does back putin, dropped a veteran leader, in favour of the new face, in what many believe is an attempt to widen voter appeal. translation: i can tell you that our victory may be stolen. we have seen such things multiple times, but we know for sure that we are on the right side, and victory will be ours. in another corner, calling herself an alternative to mainstream politics, is russian tv personality ksenia sobchak. the daughter of a former mayor of st petersburg, with connections to putin, she named protection of civil rights among her priorities, while presenting her programme for russia's civil initiative party.
translation: if sacred processions and many street prayers are allowed, opposition rallies should also be allowed, as well as the atheist rallies, carnivals and gay pride. announcer: vladimir vladimirovich putin. the sport—minded putin does not mind a contest and that was certainly the message to attendees at the 17th congress of the united russia party. translation: we should respect a capable and responsible opposition. it means not only having a desire, a readiness to argue with the authorities or accuse them of all mortal sins. russia goes to the polls on march 18. georgina smyth, bbc news. while it looks like much of the uk will not be having a white christmas, the need to create snow on demand for the film and tv industry is an expanding business, but the materials used have not always been as healthy as they should be. now a gloucestershire company is leading the way in the development of environmentally
friendly biodegradable fake snow, as our weather presenter reports. inside the frozen depths, but what looks all frost, snow and ice here is fake. snow business has been working with the university of bristol to make these artificial winter wonderlands greener. we are developing materials like this which is a glitter made from cellulose. within a couple of weeks, it will biodegrade. normal glitter which is being banned in cosmetic use by the government would just wash off your body, down the drain and go to sea and be eaten by plankton and fish and then by us again. what did they use back in the first days? laurel and hardy used painted cornfla kes, quite effective. by the wizard of oz, white asbestos, would you believe! that is really bad.
they did not know at the time what we know now. transforming an ordinary scene into a winter wonderland like this on demand is surprisingly big business and this company has grown to become the world's leading supplier of winter weather effects. one of their latest fake snow projects involves recreating the 1963 big freeze for the christmas special of call the midwife. across multiple industries, more people want snow on demand. everything from snowflakes to stick on the window at home, to enormous film sets, to major international sporting events, there seems to be no limit. we won a special mention by the department of trade for exports exporting snow to siberia. by developing environment friendly materials, the future is notjust looking white, it is greener too. and you can see more on that,
as well as an insight into the fake snow industry, on weather world, this afternoon at 3.30pm on the bbc news channel. speaking of cold scenes... some spectacular pictures to share with you now from china where the bitterly cold winter conditions are creating this icy landscape at the hukou waterfall on the yellow river. the temperature is as low as minus ten degrees celsius, and that's cold enough to freeze the spray and splash from the waterfall into these columns of ice. local officials say it's set to get even colder, meaning the ice will be there for several weeks yet. champagne and fireworks might be pa rt champagne and fireworks might be part of your new year ritual. this is an entirely new way of saying out with dot balls and in with the new. the new year's ritual injapan,
filing into this shrine, looking for a fresh start. if they follow the chief priest and then, on his cue... shouting this is a laughing ceremony to forget the bad they have experienced through the year. preservation label i laughed all the bad things away, i hope next year will be filled with laughter —— hope next year will be filled with laughter -- translation: i laughed. it is based on a japanese myth saying laughter opens the cave of the sun goddess. the priests keep them going for around 20 minutes. it spreads throughout the temple. laughter is contagious, as they say. here injapan, so is the hope of a happy new year. right, here is tomasz schafernaker.
no laughing. that was funny. on the weather front, it is not looking that festive across most of the uk. in terms of the weather, temperatures of around ten, 11, as far north as southern scotland and through the course of this evening and overnight, it is just a course of this evening and overnight, it isjust a case course of this evening and overnight, it is just a case of south—westerly winds, feeling very mild, heavy rain across western scotland, parts of northern ireland getting rain too. through the night, south—westerly winds continuing. very mild. behind the weather front here, we will seek slightly colder air in northern parts of scotland, temperatures down to 5 degrees. —— we will see. tomorrow evening, christmas night, rain splashes its way across the uk, the chance of
snow across the highlands of scotland, southern uplands, mostly above 200 metres, we're not expecting much snow in edinburgh and glasgow. boxing day, in between weather systems, crisp, cold start with a touch of frost even as far south as southern england, later in the day, rain splashing its way through, sliding across the south of the country, and we could see rain turning to snow across the chilterns and maybe the cotswolds as well, the welsh hills. the christmas outlook is looking very mild, rain, turning cold, not until boxing day, and at times, it will be windy. wednesday onwards, looks like things will turn more or less the same, very little in the way of snow expected, it will be chilly, but pretty safe to say this christmas period, we're not really going to have much. have a great day.
this is bbc news — our latest headlines: north korea says the latest un sanctions are an "act of war" — as they amount to a complete economic blockade. pyongyang has vowed to strengthen its nuclear deterrent. rescuers are searching for victims of a tropical storm in the southern philippines. more than 200 people have died in mudslides and flash floods. emergency services have yet to reach some of the affected areas. two men have died after a multiple vehicle crash on m40. four people were injured, one seriously. the motorway is now re—opened. britain's political leaders are using their annual christmas messages to praise those who help others. theresa may thanked the armed forces and emergency services. labour'sjeremy corbyn urged people to think of the lonely