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tv   In the Shadow of Red October  BBC News  December 30, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm GMT

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the fourth named storm of the season is set to arrive on the last day of 2017. this is storm dillon, it will develop out of this deepening area of cloud thickening and spilling our way, turning wet in the south—west. it could be quite heavy. winds pick up it could be quite heavy. winds pick up and you will blow that wetter weather north and east, hitting the cold air in scotland, it is in a cold air in scotland, it is in a cold de gea, with more snow over the hills and icy conditions across the northern half of the country. further failed only northern half of the country. furtherfailed only much milder. bigger impaction come from the strength of the wind. this is storm dillon, named by the irish net service. a deepening area of low pressure, close to northern ireland, eventually across scotland. the met office has issued an amber wind warning with the strongest of the winds more likely to be across the northern half of northern ireland in south—west cotton. gas at 70 miles an hour, when speaking up in the
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early hours, continuing into the morning. gusts 60 mph elsewhere. gusty winds for a while, further south there will be some stronger winds but it will not be as windy here. after a spell of rain clears away overnight, we should get more sunshine arriving, just one or two showers. very windy weather across the northern half of the uk in particular, as the storm moves out into the north sea, the winds will ease through the afternoon. after a speu ease through the afternoon. after a spell of sunshine we will see more of these showers packing in from the west, they could be quite heavy. still gusty winds around, a range of temperatures like today, six in scotland, 12 across southern areas of england. moving on a fewer hours to see in the new year, there will be some showers around, but the winds will be much lighter by this stage in scotland and it will be starting to turn chilly. for the first day of the new year, there is a chance of rain running east across southern parts of england, they could be quite heavy, strong winds in the channel. elsewhere, some
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sunshine and showers, chilly are perhaps on new year's day, but nothing desperately cold. as we look ahead into the early part of next year, you will find stronger winds bringing in showers and longer spells of rain, it will be cold a briefly at times, still some frost but very unsettled. of people recognised in the new year honours list. hello, good afternoon. this is bbc news. our latest headlines: more than 1,100 people are recognised in the new year honours with knighthoods for the beatles drummer ringo starr, bee gees singer barry gibb, and strictly come dancing judge darcey bussell is made a dame. thousands of iranian government supporters are attend officially—sponsored rallies across the country after two days
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of anti—establishment protests. millennials will enjoy the biggest inheritance boom of any post—war generation, but not until they're into their 60s, a report says. now on bbc news, one of our highlights from 2017. this autumn, russia marked the centenary of the revolution that came to be known as red october. for this special programme, steve rosenberg travelled across the vast nation to find out how to find out how russians view the revolution a century on. it is 100 years since the russian revolution. a seismic event for the world. there is a quotation that says, "the october revolution opened a new era in world history." it was the start of a great experiment. and of russia's bloodiest years.
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we are giving lessons, most of them, many are what you shouldn't do. but how is the revolution seen in russia today? are there echoes of 1917 in 2017? i'm steve rosenberg and i am going on a journey across russia to find out how russians view the revolution that came to be known as "red october". myjourney begins where the revolution began, at the winter palace in st petersburg. soviet cinema would portray it
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as russia's bastille moment. the people are led by the bolsheviks, storming the palace and creating the world's first communist state. the reality was rather different. for a start, many of the red guard revolutionaries who had got into the building that night had slipped in through a back door which had not been locked. there was no dramatic storming of this palace. as for claims of a mass uprising of workers, peasants and soldiers, today that might be referred to as "fake news". this was a coup — one party, the bolsheviks, had seized power in russia. the palace today is the state hermitage museum. to mark the centenary of the revolution they have put on display a portrait previously hidden away.
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this is tsar alexander ii. russian revolutionaries stabbed their bayonets into his face when they ran in. it was a sign of their hatred for the old russia. it is only a painting, just oil on canvas. but to me it conveys the drama of 1917 so powerfully. as if russia is warning the world of the damage revolution can do. we are giving lessons. most of them, many of them are what you shouldn't do. but this is the historical mission of russia, we protect the world from mistakes and make, sometimes, calamitously take them on ourselves. the bolsheviks promised a very different kind of world. and here was the perfect symbol. soon after the revolution,
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petr theremin‘s great grandfather leon theremin invented an instrument that used electromagnetic waves. the father of the revolution, vladimir lenin, was captivated. but the theremin would also come to symbolise the tragedy of the russian revolution. during the terror ofjosef stalin, the inventor was sent to the gulag, along with millions of innocent soviet citizens. 100 years on, st petersburg is still full of the symbols of 1917, like lenin. it is just that they mean
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less to modern russia. they sing "imagine" byjohn lennon in english. today, this st petersburg children's choir is more likely to sing john lennon than lenin. to young russians, the ussr is distant history. and the authorities appear to have little interest in encouraging interest in the russian revolution. there are no commemorations here on the scale of a french bastille day.
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a coup in 1917 is not something the kremlin of 2017 want the public to remember. when it comes to interpreting 1917, the people in power in russia today are torn two ways, in two directions. and here is their dilemma. on the one hand, the russian revolution produced the soviet union, which vladimir putin has often praised. but on the other hand, revolution, an armed uprising against the government — that's not the kind of example the kremlin is keen to promote. in this st petersburg park, hundreds of protesters have gathered to demand free and fair elections. when i talk to people here, it becomes clear that no one wants a repeat of 1917. do you think that russia can see more revolutions or more unrest? i hope not, because revolution is blood, revolution is deaths, and i hope it will be just honest
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elections, not revolution. never it should be violence in any ways, from the people's side, from the government side, because, come on, it's the 215t century — you don't have to kill anybody to make significant changes. their only weapon is their voice. they are chanting "russia without putin", and "putin is a thief". it happens to be president putin's birthday. the riot police moved in to stop them. st petersburg is vladimir putin's home town and it is clear the authorities are not going to let this anti—government protest spoil the president's birthday party. these protesters are not making a revolution, they are making a point — that government is beholden to the people.
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it is a faint echo of 1917. after the revolution, lenin moved russia's capital from st petersburg to moscow. it is my next stop. "the spectre of communism... is haunting europe", karl marx wrote. in this park, the ghost of lenin is haunting me. wherever i look, he is there. lenin is the red star of this show, it is like a freak show of fallen idols. there are an estimated “1,000 statues of this man in the soviet union, that means that wherever you went in the ussr there was perhaps at least one lenin thinking about you... ..taking care of you... ..orjust watching you. he speaks in russian.
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close by, there is a lenin museum. a soviet shrine to the russian revolutionary. and look at the wall here, there is a quotation that says, "the october revolution opened a new era in world history." and the signature? lenin. but communism did more than cast statues of him. it preserved his body, and put it on display. "lenin is more alive than the living," declared one soviet slogan. but they had to create a whole scientific institute
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to maintain the corpse. over the years, it has replaced some of lenin's skin and flesh with plastics and other material. his mausoleum on red square was a place of pilgrimage in the ussr. vladimir lenin quite literally cult viewing. vladimir lenin had not wanted this. before his death he expressed a wish to be buried alongside his mother in st petersburg. it is one of the ironies of russia's revolution, that the man who led it, who waged war on the church, who once said that there can be nothing more abominable than religion — that this man, lenin, ended up the closest thing communists had to god — put on display here in the mausoleum and deified like a soviet saint. 100 years after lenin's revolution might be the time to consign the mausoleum to history
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and commit his body to the ground. i believe that he should be buried, and not, as some say because he deserves a christian funeral, because he was not a christian, he was anti—christian — but simply because i believe that it is a symbol of the revolution, and should find its appropriate place, not in red square. over our dead body, says the communist party. if lenin is buried one day, this man's services may be required. his company makes decorative funeral accessories, such as crucifixes and coffin handles. there is an irony to him being in the business of religious figures.
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he shows me his family tree. he is the great, great grandnephew of vladimir lenin, the bolshevik who declared war on religion. whether or not his body remains on red square, to most russians now, vladimir lenin is little more than a museum piece, a curiosity from a lost world. from moscow, i head east to the ural mountains, and to the city of yekaterinburg. it's the morning service. as orthodox prayer merges
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with the sense of burning incense, you can almost feel yourself being lifted closer to god. and yet, if there is one place where heaven meets hell, it is here for this is known as the church on the blood. people were murdered here. victims now elevated to saints, tsar nicholas ii and his family. in a house where the church now stands, they and their most loyal servants were executed. the bolsheviks shot and bayonetted them. it was a bloody and brutal and to russia's last tsar. having murdered the tsar, the bolsheviks tried to conceal their crime and bury
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all memory of the monarchy. but they failed. it took 60 years, but eventually, deep in this forest near yekaterinburg, a discovery was made. found here, what were believed to be the remains of emperor nicholas ii and his family. in 1998, russia's government confirmed the authenticity. and nicholas, his wife, alexandra, three of their children, and four of their staff, were laid to rest. later, more bones were found in the same forests, believed to be the tsar‘s missing son and daughter. the church, though, has not recognised the remains, though, that may be about to change. now, there are new investigations using more advanced methods, and the church participates in these investigations. there is a strong chance the church will recognise the so—called yekaterinbung remains as the bones of the royal family. nicholas ii believed his right
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to rule came directly from god. he was an inflexible autocrat who's instinct faced with dissent was to crack down hard. the communists labelled him "bloody nicholas." yet, as it re—analyses the revolution, today's russia strikes a different note. back at the church, they have a rose—tinted view of tsar nicholas. i always say he was the captain of a ship until the end of this big country. at this school, they embrace the traditions of tsarist russia. here's a lesson in cossack singing, dancing and sword spinning. and they organise regular school
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trips from here to the church on the blood to reinforce the connection to nicholas, to russia's imperialist past. but what about russia's future? i asked the children here "would they like a new tsar?" i am sure that in previous times it was good to have a tsar. but today, it's difficult. times have changed, and we can't speak about having a monarchy as it was earlier. but i suppose that our president is a kind of a man who governs the way the tsar tried to govern.
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in a way. he is a real hero and a real patriot. russians are waking up to their history. they're not trying to replicate the past, they're just trying to remember it. it's time for the final part of myjourney. i'm off to the other end of russia, to khabarovsk, seven time zones away from where my trip began. this is the capital of the russian far east. here, china is closer than most of russia. the cradle of the revolution feels a world away. but then, i am more than 6,000 kilometres east of saint petersburg. liev lepovich lives here.
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he and the russian revolution have one thing in common, they both are 100 years old. born in 1917, liev has survived three famines, he's fought in four wars. in his lifetime, his country has disappeared twice. first, tsarist russia, and then, soviet russia. how does a nationa survive that kind of century? after the revolution, it would take five years and a brutal civil war before the bolsheviks conquered the russian far east. the decisive battle was near
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khabarovsk, at volochayevka. there's a giant giant panoramic painting of it at the local museum. soviet mythology painted the reds as triumphant heroes. the anti—communist white army, deservedly crushed. in songs and poems, in paintings and propaganda, the message was clear: "the reds were on the right side of history." but this version of history is crumbling. just like the battle site memorial to the reds heroes in volochayevka. and that is because, as russia today re—interprets its history, the official view of the past is changing. and, as it changes, communist heroes become fallen idols, the tsar becomes a saint, and the great october socialist revolution, red october, becomes a darker chapter
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in russia's history. in this museum open to the public they display guns and bayonets unearthed from the forest. they try not to take sides, red or white. but not everyone welcomes that. back in his flat, liev shows me the commendation he got from josef stalin. at the age of 100, his view of history is unlikely to change. for me, this has been a journey notjust across russia,
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it has been a journey into russia's past. 100 years after the revolution, i feel that this is a country where history is in flux, where the past never stays the same. one thing i have realised about russia is that the past year keeps changing right under your feet, a bit like shifting sands on the beach. and that is confusing, it's disorienting, for many people. one moment they are being told that the revolution was great, the next it turns out that it wasn't that great after all. one day religion is the opium of the people, the next, it is the life and soul of russia. so often here, history is re—written, re—interpreted, and re—shaped, according to who is in power. in russia, it is not just the future which is unpredictable, so is the past. hello. the fourth named storm of the
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season hello. the fourth named storm of the seasonis hello. the fourth named storm of the season is set to arrive on the last day of 2017. this is storm dillon, it will develop out of this deepening area of cloud, already some of that has been spilling our way and turning wet in the south—west. it could be quite heavy. as the wind picks up we will blow that wetter weather north and east, hitting the cold air in scotland, it is been a cold de gea, there will be more snow over the hills and icy conditions across the northern half of the country. further south that it was much milder. the biggest impaction come from the strength of the wind. this is storm dillon, named by the irish met service, a deepening area of low pressure, running close to northern ireland, eventually across scotland. the met office has issued a amber wind warning, the strongest winds impaction across the northern half
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of northern ireland and south—west scotland. gusts of 70 mph, when speaking up in the early hours, continuing into the morning, guts and 60 mph elsewhere across scotland in the far north of england. further south will be stronger winds, but not as windy after a spell of rain clears away overnight, we should get some more sunshine arriving. just one 01’ some more sunshine arriving. just one or two some more sunshine arriving. just one oi’ two showers. some more sunshine arriving. just one or two showers. very windy weather across the northern heart of the uk in particular, as the storm moves out into the north sea, the winds will ease through the afternoon after a spell of sunshine, we will see more of these showers packing in from the west and the showers could be quite heavy. still gusty winds around, a range of temperatures like today. six in scotland, 12 across southern areas of england. moving on a fewer hours to see in the new year, there will study some showers around, but the wind will be much lighter by this stage in scotland and it will be starting to stand chilly. the first day of the new year there is a
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chance of rain running eastwards across southern parts of england, it could be quite heavy, strong winds through the channel. elsewhere, sunshine and a few showers, a little bit chilly on new year's day but nothing desperately cold. as we look ahead into the early part of next year, we will find stronger winds bringing in showers and a longer spells of rain. it will be briefly cold at times, still frost around very unsettled. this is bbc news. the headlines at 5.00 pm. beatle, a bee gee and a ballerina. ringo starr and barry gibb are knighted in the new year honours. strictlyjudge darcey bussell is made a dame. manchester fire service tackled a blaze in the city boss mark northern quarter. people are advised to avoid the area. thousands of iranians take to the streets of tehran in a show of support for the government, after two days of opposition protests. millennials will enjoy the biggest
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"inheritance boom" of any post—war generation — but not until they're into their 60s, a report says. captain steve smith scores yet another century as australia bats out the final day to save the fourth ashes test against england in melbourne. and at 5.45pm on meet the author, rebecca jones talks to bestselling
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