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tv   Our World  BBC News  January 28, 2018 9:30pm-10:00pm GMT

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this is bbc world news, i am geeta guru—murthy with their headlines. the russian opposition leader alexei navalny has been released without charge after being detained by police at a rally in moscow. hundreds of his supporters were arrested at the protest against what they say is a rigged presidential election. mettle the founder of ikea, ingvar kamprad, has died at the age of 91. he set up the company when he was just 17, the age of 91. he set up the company when he wasjust17, turning it into one of the world's biggest retailers. a french climber stranded on one of pakistan's highest peaks has been flown to hospital after a daring rescue operation. the middle, and search for a climbing partner has been abandoned. 84 roger federer has been abandoned. 84 roger federer has beaten marin cilic, his 20th grand slam victory. at ten o'clock
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we have a full round—up of the day's news. now on bbc news — hundreds of industrial towns across russia face extinction. once the pride of the soviet union, many have been abandoned and millions have lostjobs and homes after the collapse of their local industry. the government now has a plan to save at least some of russia's dying towns. jenny norton reports for our world from eastern russia. once the pride of the soviet union, hundreds of towns which helped to power russia's industrialisation are under threat of extinction. failing industries, a falling population and the sheer vastness of this country mean many places have been abandoned. often leaving remaining residents in squalid conditions. nearly one in ten russians now live in places whose long—term future
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is at risk. the situation is so serious that the government has come up with a plan to try to save at least some of russia's dying towns. to explore kadykchan is to step back in time to the glory days of the ussr. a time when life was good for industrial workers and their families. like many towns in the russian far east, kadykchan was a mono town, a settlement built around a single industry. kadykchan was one of thousands of coal mines that powered the ussr
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towards its goal of becoming the greatest nation on earth. in its heyday kadykchan was a good place to live, with its schools, cafes, shops and a cinema. vladimir voskresenskiy moved to kadykchan with his parents and lived in the town for 13 years. tatiana and gennady shchepalkin live and run a business 700 kilometres away. they left kadykchan 20 years ago
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but they still think of it as home. soviet leaders came and went at coalminers were always referred to as the heroes of the soviet union. the first turn of coal was mined here in 1937 as part ofjoseph stalin's brutal push to modernise the russian economy. the first miners were labour camp prisoners but as the decade progressed, ordinary workers were attracted to the far east because they could double their salaries and get an apartment for theirfamilies. it's hard to imagine this ghost town was once a thriving place. the fall of coming is and the economic crisis that the fall of communism and the economic crisis that
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engulfed the whole country reduced demand for kadykchan‘s coal and as soon as the mine got into trouble, everyone suffered. in the end, it was an accident which dealt the final blow. on the 15th of november, 1996 a methane explosion ripped through one of the mines just as the morning shift was coming to an end. as their world came crumbling down, everyone scrambled to sell up and leave. from one end of russia to the other, life in moscow couldn't be any more different.
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the government has acknowledged the vulnerability of single industry towns. it has identified 319 at risk mono towns and hopes a $450 million development fund can help them. definitely having one industry increases risks, that's why it's a story for each city to develop different incomes. the programme developed by this prestigious moscow academy aims to give local leaders a crash course in the skills needed to get their towns off the critical list. we have during a year and a half to educate all 319 cities and each city sends us a team of five people. the programme combines governmental public services techniques but it's based on the business school approach. for people living in some of the remotest parts of russia, this is all a pretty big ask.
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but the message from the top is clear, if you want to turn things round, you have to do it yourselves. this region used to be the centre of the coal industry in the russian far north. but in the last 20 years it's lost half its population. local leaders have been in moscow to take part in the mono towns programme and are developing a strategy to rescue this place. susanna is one of the last residents still living in one of the districts. most of sovetsky‘s residents left when the coal mine was closed down,
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leaving those remaining to fend for themselves. for civic leaders involved in the monotown‘s redevelopment programme, the solution to vorkuta's problems is to focus attention on bringing the city centre back to life. there is no infrastructure for the development of new areas and at the moment for keeping people staying there. that's why they plan to renovate the city a lot. they plan to build their educational and entertaining centre and people will develop there small business enterprises. but outlying districts like sovetsky are not part of the regeneration plan. and for susanna's neighbour, anna,
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it has become an occasionally dangerous place to live. for anna, susanna and the other last remaining residents of sovetsky, the only thing to do is to wait for the local council to rehouse them. but it's clear they are not on anyone‘s priority list. re—inventing a new future for a city built on coal will not be easy, all the more so when that city is in a remote and inhospitable part of the country.
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so why would the russian government even want people to stay in such a far—flung place? there are lots of patriots in the far east or the north who like living there, who are very interested in developing these traditional businesses there, so our idea is to give them possibilities. for the russian government it's important to try to maintain a population on the outer edges of the country, but not every place on the list of monotowns will survive. some that still have a viable local industry could bring workers in and out on short—term fixed contracts. others will shut down altogether. some cities will be closed, but not closed as the government decides to close, but because people will leave them for better. up in the arctic circle, near the border with finland,
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is the town of kirovsk. from above it looks like a prosperous place, but the government says it's one of russia's most vulnerable monotowns. founded in 1929, its main business is mining, but kirovsk has also established itself as a popular film location. its dramatic landscape makes it a perfect stand—in for everywhere, from the american midwest to the russian far east. it's also ideal for people who like the outdoors. alyona danilova is a botanist and keen cyclist. she's lived in kirovsk for most of her life. kirovsk was also hit hard by the chaos of the 1990s. it survived the economic crisis because it has another incredibly valuable asset — massive deposits of apatite, an ore used in agricultural fertilisers. phosagro, the company that now
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owns the mining business here, dominates kirovsk. it employs one third of the local workforce and has funded much of the infrastructure. it's also trying to diversify the local economy. to encourage the tourists to come, they've even reopened the local airport. but again, it's dependent on phosagro. if this plan is to work there will be challenges. the last two decades have been a struggle and it's still not easy to make ends meet. the 1990s also spelled the demise of the once grand kirovsk railway station. its ruined facade looms over the town. a reminder notjust of the past, but of how precarious the future could still be.
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could kirovsk go the way of kadykchan? it's tempting to see the parallels. if kadykchan relied on coal and the state, then kirovsk is no less dependent on apatite and phosagro. its reserves of apatite are expected to last for another 80 years. that's longer than the soviet union existed. but markets can be fickle and in russia politics has spelled the downfall of many a successful company. so could kirovsk survive without phosagro? on the other side of russia, vladimir has already had to come to terms with the unimaginable. all around him, every day, he's seen the ruins of the old soviet world he and his family worked forfor decades to build. hello there. we have had some very mild there across the british isles over the last couple of days. in fact, you might go so far as to say
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the weekend felt quite springlike in places, particularly where you got to seize some sunday sunshine. temperatures across eastern england we re temperatures across eastern england were close to 15 degrees. but that trend will not continue into the week ahead. the mild there will be replaced by cold air from the north—west. behind this cold front sinking southwards and eastwards as we start the new working week. head of the frontal system, still mild and windy as well. i'll start to the south of the country, and then we see this band of heavy rain sinking southwards. behind that, we peel back the clouds. yes, we bright in the skies at we dropped the temperatures as well. 5 degrees in aberdeen by monday afternoon. some showers packed into the north—west. heavy, thundery and starting to turn wintry. that is the big theme. it will be cold enough for wintry showers. it will be windy with gales
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at times. the winds will be fairly light as we move into the first part of tuesday. an area of high pressure trying to exert an influence on our weather where you are closest to the hive. in central and eastern areas there could be a touch of frost on tuesday. then there will be rain in the north—west and the wind will start to strengthen as well. here comes another cold front. another band of rain and behind it, a renewed push of cold air from the north. on wednesday we will see spells of sunshine developing but we will also see quite a few showers, particularly over the high ground in the north. in scotland, the showers will turn wintry. it is still windy on thursday. gales in exposed spots, particularly up to the north—east. more in the way of dry weather. some
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cold air in place as we head towards the end of the week. we are likely to see quite a widespread frost on friday morning and then into that colder, we are going to bring a frontal system from the west. bringing outbreaks of rain that on its leading edge, scotland and northern ireland could see some snow for a time. we could end the week with some milder air returning from the south—west. into next weekend, we are likely to seek further bands of rain pushing across the country. accompanied by some slightly milder air, but the tendency will be to get us air, but the tendency will be to get us back into these north or north—westerly winds. while there might be mild periods of weather, there will also be some pretty cold weather around as well. we can sum it up like this for the week beyond. there will be spells of rain interspersed with brighter periods. cold enough when we have the bright periods to give someone tree showers
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as the temperatures continue to wobble upwards and downwards. there isa wobble upwards and downwards. there is a chance as will further ahead that we might see high pressure building down from scandinavia, blocking the weather patterns, stopping the atlantic system but bringing us an easterly wind and at this time of year, that will still feel like winter. pressure on theresa may over her leadership and the government's brexit negotiations. she's warned by some of her own mps of drift — and against a deal that keeps britain in the eu in "all but name". teenagers in london has handed himself in to police this evening. face—to—face with the chechen leader whose regime is accused of torturing gay men. whose regime is accused a 20th grand slam victory for roger federer in a five—set thriller at the australian open in melbourne. and tributes to ingvar kamprad — the father of flatpack furniture and founder of ikea —
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who's died at the age of 91.
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