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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  February 19, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten: a sweeping review of university funding in england amid concerns about the level of tuition fees. the system in england has become one of the most expensive in the world, raising major concerns about affordability. the prime minister — who says tuition fees will not be scrapped — says there needs to be a new look at the funding system. our goal is a funding system which provides value for money for graduates and taxpayers, so the principle that students as well as taxpayers should contribute to the cost of their studies is an important one. we'll be asking what the review might produce and we'll be looking at systems in other countries. also tonight: a university lecturer from birmingham is jailed for 32 years and described as one of the worst paedophiles ever found on the web. every year, millions of newborn babies around the world fail to live for more than a month, but most of those deaths are preventable. the world number one for canada, can
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he do it? it is a dead heat! and at the winter olympics, for the first time in 20 years, the gold medal has to be shared in the two—man bobsleigh. crisis at kfc — the fried chicken chain that's run out of chicken. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news, has will grigg fired wigan to another upset over manchester city and a place in the fa cup quarterfinals? good evening. there's to be a sweeping review of university funding in england in the light of growing concern about the affordability of tuition fees. the prime minister, who launched the review today, said she was not in favour of scrapping tuition fees, which is the policy supported by labour, but she acknowledged the "serious concerns" of students and their families,
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faced with what she admitted was "one of the most expensive systems of university tuition in the world." the review will take a year to complete, as our political editor laura kuenssberg reports from derby. it's not me learning, it'sjust me coping. i do believe education should be free. it's too much, basically. it's too much. big dreams but big debts. these derby first—years aren't paying fees upfront but expecting to owe nearly £40,000 when they're done. we are the next generation. if you want us to have a high—paying job, we need some way of reaching that goal. and university does make a difference. from primary to secondary, then to college, it's absolutely free. why should we have to pay for uni? fees tripled when theresa may was already in the cabinet. but more and more students like these sixth formers go
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to university, however tricky the subject they choose. 0k. i did physics a—level, but that's where my physics ended. but after the election and labour's popular promise to scrap fees altogether, the prime minister has concluded things have to change. all but a handful of universities charge the maximum possible fees for undergraduate courses. and the level of fees charged do not relate to the cost or quality of the course. so we now have one of the most expensive systems of university tuition in the world. what she really wants is a change in attitude. there remains a perception that going to university is really the only desirable route, while going into training is something for other people's children. if we're going to succeed in building a fair society and a stronger economy, we need to throw away this outdated attitude for good. are you willing to say that, potentially, taxpayers should contribute more towards students‘ education? because, if not, won't this review dispute looking at moving money just be looking at moving money
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around in a system that you yourself admitted today has become just too expensive? it's not just about the issues of finance. it's also about making sure that the system we have for post—18 education provides for every aspect of that education and provides young people with the route that is right for them. do you really think that theresa may would have made a speech today if you hadn't had a message in the election that younger generations and their parents thought the tories weren't listening? well, i think the truth is of course we've got to listen to what the electorate are saying. and if they are saying they think we've got this wrong, that's something we've got to look at. there could be cuts to some fees. but no big new spending. labour says it falls way short. well, unfortunately, this is the third time in the last 12 months that theresa may has announced a review of education. and she's letting students down. don't expect bold changes fast. this review will take a year and few expect it to tear
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up the whole system. this is also about the lesson voters taught tories at the last election, unconvinced conservatives had answers to the tensions between generations. and turning that round is a much biggerjob indeed. they promised too much. they say they're going to do this but it never happens. and i'm still waiting for the things they say to happen. i voted so that i didn't have to pay uni fees. if the uni was free, i would vote for them, basically. you'd vote for any party that said university should be free? every uni student will! voters young and old aware that what's easy to say is not always easy to do. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, derby. as we heard, the prime minister described the university system in england as one of the most expensive in the world, prompting a question about the funding systems used by other countries and the high levels of debt amassed by some of the most disadvantaged students. 0ur education editor
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branwenjeffreys is here. 0ur universities have a global reputation. but the cost of teaching in england is among the highest in the world. in england, tuition fees are £9,250 a year. in the us, publicly funded universities charge £7,650, although fees at elite institutions like harvard or yale are much higher. france charges students up to £540 and germany has abolished tuition fees completely. in england, the system is designed for the taxpayer to pick up some of the bill. loans are written off after 30 years. by 2021—22, there will be £160 billion of outstanding student debt. some now think there needs to be more honesty about how the burden is shared. we know this money is being paid out, we know that we're not
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going to get it all paid back and yet actually, it's not appearing on the overall government accounts at the moment and that's a deliberate policy design decision had been taken but actually what the committee is saying is let's be open and honest about that. so are there cheaper ways to study? already, you can get a degree at more than 200 further education colleges. i30 further education colleges charge around £6,000 or less. a degree apprenticeship will pay as you study. the prime minister wants high—level technical education to have more status, but, compared to universities, it's been poorly funded. further education, on the other hand, has had no increases in the funding per student even in the last 30 years and big cuts in the last seven or eight years relative to universities and schools. we are in a world where governments of both flavours have cut the amount
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that they spend on technical and further education relative to higher education and schools. scotland has no tuition fees for home students. northern ireland, just over £4,000. in wales, fees will be 9,000 from this autumn but with very generous grants for living costs for the poorest students. students in england are still likely to borrow most at the end of this review. the national union of students said it feared it would only lead to small changes. many thanks again. a university lecturer, described by us officials as "the worst child exploitation offender" they'd ever found on the internet, has been jailed for 32 years. matthew falderfrom birmingham had admitted 137 offences, including sharing extreme child pornography and encouraging the rape of a child. sima kotecha reports.
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so, what, what — what was it i've done? what is it i'm supposed to have...? dr matthew falder being arrested at his workplace last year. the 29—year—old spent years posing as a female artist online, to trick his victims into sending him naked pictures of themselves. it sounds like the rap sheet from hell. distributing indecent images of children. he then researched their profiles on social media and used that information to blackmail them into sending him more obscene images. he even installed secret cameras in people's homes, to film them in the shower and using the toilet. falder contacted more than 300 people worldwide. one of his victims told us she can no longer trust anyone. i was ashamed of what i've done. all relationships broke down. you can't be friends with someone that doesn't trust you and i didn't trust them. even though they did nothing wrong, and i did nothing wrong, there was no trust any more.
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last year, he pleaded guilty to 137 charges — including encouraging the rape of a child and possessing a paedophile manual. today, he was sentenced to more than 30 years. the feeling of helplessness that he embodied in the victims and then took them to a place where they never wanted to go, is truly horrific. and, i mean, you know, those videos will be with me and the team probably for the rest of our lives. falder was under surveillance for several months during a four—year investigation. the cambridge graduate was identified by the national crime agency. it worked with partner agencies across the world, including the australian federal police and homeland security in america, to find the man who was behind the messages. falder was one of the most prolific child exploitation offenders and blackmailers we'd ever seen in the uk, or even in the us. so it just became. .. the volume of victims and the techniques that
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were employed and the discipline that was employed by falder on the internet, to not be identified and not be caught was something we had never seen before. falder lived in this block of flats. he worked at birmingham university. now, officers say his motivation was power and control. he wanted his victims to feel embarrassed and humiliated, and he was confident he could outwit the authorities. he contacted vulnerable people seeking work on websites. he then used names such as "666devil" and "evilmind" on the dark net to communicate with other paedophiles. have you sent pictures of your blackmail victims to the parents? no comment. of the victim to the grandparents? no comment. when questioned, falder didn't cooperate. today, thejudge called him an "internet highway man" who robbed his victims of their security and dignity. the paedophile showed no remorse or emotion throughout the proceedings.
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sima kotecha, bbc news, birmingham. 0ur correspondent angus crawford is here with me. what is it about this case and the outcome that represents such a breakthrough for all of the officers involved? indeed, the national crime agency says it is a watershed moment, showing that multiple agencies across multiple countries could work together to bring falder to justice. the dark net poses unique problems the law enforcement, the sites are hidden by encryption, users are always anonymous and to actually access the inner workings of the sites, you have to post illegal imagery and law enforcement can't do that. abusers tend to barter images they can't sell, so there is no money trailfor law enforcement to follow. abusers make m ista kes enforcement to follow. abusers make mistakes and falder‘s mistakes were
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spotted by the fbi unspotted by the newjoint unit between gchq and the national crime unit, so it is a big success for them but, and a very big but, the scale of the problem is still huge. 0ne dark at child—abuse site closed down last year had tens of thousands of members. angus crawford, thank you. drivers working for 0xfam in the months after the earthquake in haiti in 2010 were forced to bring prostitutes to the charity's premises or risk losing theirjobs, according to one source who's spoken to the bbc. 0xfam has today published an investigation which found that three of its employees physically threatened a witness during an investigation into sexual misconduct, as our diplomatic correspondent james landale reports. newsreel: ..and its operations have become an industry that's spread into 80 countries. for more than half a century, 0xfam's been helping those in need, such as these victims of conflict in nigeria in the late 1960s. but that hard—earned reputation's been put at risk by the behaviour of some of the charity's staff in haiti in 2011. the internal report says that one was dismissed and three resigned for what it describes as "using prostitutes
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on 0xfam premises". two more were dismissed for bullying and intimidation, one of whom, the report says, also downloaded pornography, and another man was sacked for failing to protect staff. a source who was aware of the investigation, and in haiti at the time, told the bbc that drivers were forced to deliver prostitutes to 0xfam villas. we have protected his identity. they were having parties over there that were described as orgies, with a smorgasbord of women, girls, wearing 0xfam t—shirts, and it would go on all night. we were told they were underage. the security guards, the drivers, were talking about it, but not directly. indirectly, because if they talked to anyone about it, they would lose theirjobs. today, the bbc caught up with one of those dismissed from 0xfam for gross misconduct in haiti. we can name him as raphael mutiku, a kenyan aid worker who is based
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outside the capital, nairobi. were you with mr roland van hauwermeiren? no. why were you let go by 0xfam? 0xfam's report says roland van hauwermeiren, its country director in haiti, admitted using prostitutes. he's spoken of "lies and exaggeration". but it also says he was allowed to resign with dignity and a month's pay, because dismissing him would have damaged the investigation. the bbc source challenges that account. they didn't need him to stay and help with the investigation. as far as i'm concerned, roland was not part of the investigation team. roland, from all accounts, owned up to his own behaviour, which alone is enough. the bbc has been told 0xfam refused to tell another aid agency why mr van hauwermeiren had resigned, when they were thinking of hiring him. 0xfam said it was legally constrained but would have liked to have said more and will be giving no references until a register of aid workers is set up.
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today, a senior 0xfam official travelled to haiti to apologise and expressed the charity's shame directly to ministers and share more information about what went on. the haitian government has launched its own investigation. tomorrow, senior executives from the charity will face mps in parliament. the questions for 0xfam keep on coming. james landale, bbc news. the former football coach barry bennell has been described as "the devil incarnate" by a judge at liverpool crown court who jailed him for 30 years for abusing young footballers between 1979 and 1991. the former crewe alexandra coach and manchester city scout was convicted of 50 child sexual offences, but an additional they came seeking closure — the victims of barry bennell, accompanied by their families, arriving at court for the sentencing of british sport's most notorious paedophile. their abuser, meanwhile,
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arriving by different entrance after being found guilty of 50 counts of child sex crimes. having appeared throughout his trial via videolink due to ill health, today bennell was here in person as he was handed a 31—year prison sentence. the 64—year—old, impassive as he sat staring at the floor in the dock as his punishment was read out. inside court, the cries of "yes" from the public gallery were hushed. outside, the emotion able to flow. today we looked evil in the face and we smiled. because, barry bennell, we have won. today, we hand our shame, and our guilt, and our sadness back to you. it should never have been ours to carry in the first place. sentencing bennell, judge clement goldston told him, "to these boys you appeared asa god. in reality you were the devil incarnate. you stole their childhoods and their innocence to satisfy your perversion." his abuse, the judge
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said, was sheer evil. several of the former football coach's numerous victims read out impact statements in court. among them gary cliffe, abused by bennell when he played for a manchester city junior team. in a bid to force bennell to make eye contact, cliffe approached the dock after his statement, asking, "why, barry, why?", before being led away by an official. what was that experience like for you? i was churned up inside, dan, but i was determined that this was my moment, i didn't want to regret not doing it. so i stood up there, you were in court and saw it, i said my words directed towards him. another 86 people have made complaints against the former manchester city and crewe alexandra youth team coach. and amid hundreds of allegations against other suspects, both are among the clubs braced for civil lawsuits. the ramifications of british football's gravest crisis are far from over. dan roan, bbc news, liverpool. every year, at least 2.5 million newborn babies
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around the world fail to live for more than a month. many of those deaths are preventable, according to a report published tonight by unicef. it says better access to midwives and basics such as clean water and decent nutrition could radically alter the lives of hundreds of thousands of newborn babies. rates of mortality vary dramatically according to location. in a moment, we'll have a report from rajini vaidyanathan in india, and one from our correspondent in malawi, lebo diseko — but, first, rupert wingfield—hayes on the situation injapan. this is a beautiful four—day—old baby girl. in the lottery of birth she has just hit the jackpot. in japan, the chance of a baby dying in its first month of life is the lowest in the world.
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hello. please come in. it helps that her mum lives in a rich country with excellent health care. but there are two things that set japan apart. the first is this little book. every baby injapan gets one. it will trace her development from the womb until she is six years old. second, there are lots of monthly checks. the first stage, until six months of pregnancy, i go once every four weeks. after that i go twice in a month. and now i am the last month of pregnancy and i go once a week. this is a truly remarkable success story forjapan because just 70 years ago, in 1950, japan's infant mortality rate was 50 deaths per thousand live births.
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today, for the first time, with these new figures being published, japan is the first country ever recorded to go below one death per thousand live births. in india where a fifth of all the world's babies are born the chances of survival are much lower than in japan. on average 68 newborns die in this country every hour. this woman gave birth to a baby girl three weeks ago. she has been in the specialist unit in bhopal ever since. many babies end up here because their mothers are malnourished and don't get proper medical care during pregnancy. the situation is worse in remote areas. six hours north i meet this mother with her young son. last month she gave birth to his sister. translation: when she was born she would vomit every time
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i tried to breast—feed. 0ne hospital turned us away. another asked for more money. but the time we went back to get the payment she died. it was the second baby she had lost. access to quality health care is a key factor when it comes to newborn deaths here in india. for many people it is still simply out of reach. you only have to come to rural areas to see the impact that is having. doctors say the specialist units are improving survival rates but in a country where so many babies are born too many are still dying. this is agnes. being born in malawi means she has a much better chance of survival. newborn deaths have nearly halved in 16 years. simple changes have helped, like discouraging woman from giving birth at home.
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translation: the difference is huge. here you are supported. because at home you could be losing blood but here if you are losing blood they give you an injection and if there are any other problems the doctor can help. premature babies are especially at risk. here, doctors are teaching mothers the kangaroo method which helps keep these underweight babies warm using body heat. child marriage and the resulting pregnancies are a particular problem and can lead to early birth. 80% of malawians live in rural areas, which means if you are going to have your baby in a clinic you have got to walk. but the bigger picture is things have got better. unicef says it's because malawi has been open to new ideas. and other developing countries may want to follow that path to give newborns a better chance in life. lebo diseko in malawi,
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ending that series of reports on infant mortality. the leaders of nine british cities among them glasgow, cardiff and bristol have held talks in brussels today with the eu's chief brexit negotiator michel barnier. the city mayors insist they're not interfering with the uk government's negotiations but want to make the case for more european money and power to be devolved to the uk's regions after brexit. our home editor mark easton reports. they've not been able to get a meeting about brexit with the uk government, but today the leaders of british cities, both those that voted leave and remain, travelled to brussels to talk to the man on the other side of the negotiating table, the european union's chief negotiator, michel barnier. really important to emphasise that we're not here to undermine the government's negotiations. brexit is happening next year. the cities have got a really clear agenda in terms of how we can move things forward on behalf
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of our citizens. and we're here to start the ball rolling today. and what do you think of the ship? marvin rees is mayor of bristol, where almost two thirds of voters were for remain. he believes local people want to be reassured that, in its talks with the eu, central government will reflect the concerns of this proud trading city. the voices of cities, the voices of particular sectors, even, are not being heard, not being sought, and are not being reflected. ourjob, as city leaders, is to make sure that those voices are heard and that it's notjust a westminster brexit. we manufacture safety valves, we manufacture liquid level gauges... the boss of this precision engineering company says eu membership has protected quality and reduced red tape. the kind of brexit britain negotiates is vital, he says, for his business. central government is very removed from our concerns. they don't have time to understand the detailed, very detailed issues that affect us. we are looking for a mechanism to get our voice heard. the argument of leaders in cities
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like bristol is that brexit is an opportunity to devolve power away from the centre. for local people to take back control from westminster, as well as brussels. for more than an hour, michel barnier listened to the concerns and the hopes of city leaders representing a quarter of the uk economy. but, for them, the brexit negotiator they really want to talk to now is in london. from this, we will go back to government and say, look, we have an enormous amount to contribute to the discussions, to the negotiations. let's get around the table and talk urgently, because the clock is ticking. britain's department for exiting the eu says it does meet with stakeholders from local and regional government. but these city leaders say they want to make sure that power and influence over brexit is not only in the hands of a westminster elite. mark easton, bbc news, brussels. the fast food chain kfc has
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temporarily closed around 600 restaurants across the uk and ireland after delivery problems meant a shortage of chicken. kfc said it had been let down by a logistics company that took over its supply chain last week, as our correspondent jon kay reports. nooooo! when you've been promised kfc as a half term treat but there is no chicken. nine—year—old maxine is not happy. angry. sad. and disappointed. and hungry? very hungry! are you more hungry or angry? hungry! it's notjust maxine's local outlet. hundreds across the uk are shut because kf has no c. they've run out of chicken. pretty shocking, really, to be fair. pretty shocking. especially when you're hungry, like, you know what i mean? kfc have blamed teething problems with the new delivery contract.
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they switched to dhl last week, who say operational issues have disrupted the supply. it's a chicken place, so they should have enough chicken. they should be able to store it. it's a big chain, so it does seem unbelievable, really. all the chicken... there's farmers, surely there should be enough chickens. we tried several outlets across bristol today but found no fingers being licked. almost every store closed. it's lunchtime. you'd expect these hatches to be really busy at this point but the kitchen is empty, the fryers switched off. chicken with fries, please. chicken with fries. it's a far cry from this. tonight, the company is encouraging staff to take holidays until it can meet the demand again. kfc says its own employees will be paid, but the large majority of restaurants are franchises.
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it just seems amazing. i thought everything was pretty much automated these days and as they use chicken, more's ordered. something has gone seriously wrong. the company says it's working flat out to rectify the problem. but, for some, that is little consolation. jon kay, bbc news. football — and there has been a big upset tonight in the fifth round of the fa cup. wigan athletic from league one have beaten the premier league leaders, manchester city, by one goal to nil. the only goal was scored by will grigg. manchester city had been reduced to ten men after fabian delph was given a straight red card for a tackle in the first half. on day 10 of the winter olympics in south korea, an anti—doping case has been opened against a russian competitior. alexander krushelnitsky, who won bronze in the curling, was one of 168 russian athletes judged to be "clean". he's suspected of using a banned substance. meanwhile, team gb‘s women's curling
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team have been making progress towards the medal rounds, as andy swiss reports from pyeongchang. the first ever bronze medal in mixed doubles curling... from delight to a doping controversy. barely a week after celebrating a bronze medal alongside his wife, anastasia, alexander krushelnitskiy could now be stripped of it. but his is a case with far broader implications. bronze medallist olympic athletes from russia... krushelnitskiy is russian. his country is banned from these games because of... guess what? a huge doping scandal. olympic organisers allowed him and 160 other russians to compete as neutrals. now, though, it is an all too familiar story. there was very good pregames testing, where, for example,


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