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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  August 6, 2018 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten, america re—imposes sanctions on iran over its nuclear programme, though the white house maintains it's still open to talks. but iran's president says america is engaging in "psychological warfare" to sow division among the iranian people. crowds chant. the sanctions come as protestors take to the streets over the worsening state of iran's economy. the eu says it "deeply regrets" the sanctions, and will work to protect european firms that may be affected. we'll have the latest. also tonight... a court's told the england cricketer ben stokes carried out a "sustained" violent assault outside a nightclub in bristol. he denies the charge. two britons accused of beheading western hostages in syria tell the bbc they shouldn't be sent for trial to america. what makes the british government want a british citizen to be tried in america? but they've stripped you of your citizenship? er, that hasn't been confirmed. thousands are left stranded
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after a second earthquake on the island of lombok, where more than 90 have already died. we report from the scene. for the locals here, the quake comes all too soon after the one last week which displaced 10,000 people from their homes. why are so many parts of the world experiencing such high temperatures, from california to japan? and the moving animal sculptures powered by wind that have attracted the attention of nasa. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... the golds keep coming for great britain. it's a european record as they won gold in the mixed 4 x 100 metre medley relay. good evening.
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the united states has reimposed sanctions on iran following president trump's decision to withdraw from an international agreement designed to curb tehran‘s nuclear programme. the first phase of sanctions will go into effect overnight, targeting iran's purchase of us dollars, the trade in precious metals, and the iranian car industry. the eu says it deeply regrets the decision, and has vowed to protect european businesses from the consequences of the sanctions. and tonight the iranian president, hassan rouhani, accused the white house of psychological warfare, saying president trump's claims he's willing to negotiate, but at the same time impose sanctions, makes no sense. 0ur north america editor jon sopel reports. the demonstrations may be sporadic and they may be geographically widespread, but discontent across iran with the state of the country's economy is high and could be about to get a whole lot higher still. the us will reimpose sanctions from tomorrow,
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making life even tougher. so what can be done to avoid this? president trump's national security adviser was characteristically blunt. they could take up the president's offer to negotiate with them, to give up their ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programmes fully and really verifiably, not under the onerous terms of the iran nuclear deal which really are not satisfactory. to stop their support for international terrorism, to give up their military activities in the region. the sanctions are a direct result of america pulling out the iran nuclear deal, negotiated by the 0bama administration, along with britain and other european nations. in return for halting its nuclear programme for a decade, the country was promised sanctions relief. president trump always maintained it gave iran far too much, for too little in return. so today he signed a new package of measures, warmly welcomed by allies in the region. translation: i praise president trump and the american
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administration for the decision to impose sanctions on iran. this is an important moment for israel, for the us, the region, and the entire world. it signifies the determination to halt iran's regional aggression and also its ongoing plans to arm itself with nuclear weapons. the sanctions will hit iran's car industry, trade in gold and precious metals and the ability to purchase us currency in foreign exchange markets. from november 2018, sanctions will be extended and they will target iran's crucial oil industry. but from tehran today, defiance. translation: trump and his government are the ones who have rejected negotiations and turned their back on diplomacy. what he is doing is against the iranian nation and against the national interests of iran. iran is ready for diplomacy if there is honesty in the process. 0n the streets and in the markets,
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the iranian economy has been rocked by the sharp decline in the value of the rial against the dollar, sparking social unrest. america says its goal is not regime change, but it is certainly turning the heat up on iran's rulers. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. jon, what are the realistic chances 110w jon, what are the realistic chances now of talks that president trump says he wants to have with the iranians? it was only a week ago that we were standing here discussing how donald trump have made that surprise offer to president rouhani that he was happy to have talks and there would be no preconditions. but no sooner had donald trump said that than his own secretary of state mike pompeo came out and secretary of state mike pompeo came outand said, secretary of state mike pompeo came out and said, when he said no preconditions, he meant there are several preconditions. so today you have both sides saying they are willing to have talks, but look at the small print. the small print from the iranian side is that america has dropped all talk of
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sanctions. from the american side, it is that iran had to suspend supporting terrorist groups around the world. on that basis, you would think the chances of talks are narrow. there was an olive branch of sorts in donald trump's statement signing for these new sanctions, where he said, i am open to a more comprehensive deal, but iran has to stop its malign activities. 0live branches like that are unlikely to be grabbed that willingly by the iranians. so for the time being, it looks like the sanctions will come into place and the prospect of talks seems remote. jon sopel, live at the white house, thank you. a court in bristol has been told that the england cricketer, ben stokes, carried out a "sustained" violent assault outside a nightclub in the city last september. at the time, he was england's vice—captain, and along with two other men, denies a charge of affray. our sports editor dan roan was in court. having had to swap cricket field for courtroom, ben stokes arrived here this morning for the opening day of his trial.
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dressed in a navy suit, the 27—year—old all—rounder sat in the dock alongside two local men he is accused of punching during a fight in the city last year, ryan hale and ryan ali. all three are accused of affray, a charge they each deny. the jury was shown this mobile phone footage of a late night brawl outside a bristol nightclub in september, just hours after stokes had played for england. both hale and ali were knocked unconscious by the cricketer, leaving ali with significant injuries, including a broken eye socket. the court was told stokes lost his control and started to attack with revenge, retaliation or punishment in mind, well beyond the realm of self—defence. not a trivial moment of unpleasantness, but a sustained episode of significant violence that left onlookers shocked. the prosecution said stokes insisted he acted in fear for himself and others, and believed the force he used was reasonable
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and entirely justified. however, the jury was told that earlier in the night, having been denied re—entry to the nightclub, stokes had acted in a provocative way, a bouncer claiming the cricketer insulted him and mocked two openly gay men, flicking a cigarette butt at one of them. just two days ago, stokes was starring for his country at edgbaston, his six wickets helping england win the opening test against india. but this case has already cost one of world cricket's top talents the team's vice captaincy and a place on last winter's ashes tour, from which he was suspended. this evening, stokes should have been preparing to play in the second test, which starts on thursday. instead, he is being ruled out, with the trial expected to last until early next week. dan roan, bbc news, bristol. two men accused of being part of a terror cell in the islamic state group that beheaded western hostages and were called
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the beatles by their captives have questioned the governments attempt to have them tried in america. speaking for the first time since the legal moves were made public, alexanda koty and shafee el sheikh told the bbc they were not part of the cell, and they haven't been stripped of their british citizenship. they're being held in northern syria, and have been speaking to our middle east correspondent, quentin sommerville. for seven months now, alexanda koty and el shafee elsheikh have been held in kurdish and american custody in northern syria. the us government alleges that the men waterboarded, crucified and executed prisoners as part of a jihadist cell dubbed "the beatles" by the prisoners. what did you do in is? as for the specific details as to what i was doing while living in is—controlled territories, a question i prefer to decline to answer at this present stage, for legal reasons. do you still deny that
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you were a member of the group known as the beatles which carried out executions and beheadings? yes, of course. el shafee? same question? yeah. the gang is blamed for the brutal killings of britons alan henning and david haines, and the murders of americans james foley, abdul—rahman peter kassig and steven sotloff. kayla mueller was also ta ken captive. none of the bodies of the dead have been found. did you ever meet kayla mueller? who? kayla mueller. remind me. she was an american ngo worker. we didn't meet any foreign non—muslims. the gruesome videos from the group set a new grim low. defenceless journalists and aid workers were beheaded in front of the camera. the chief executioner was mohammed emwazi, dubbedjihadijohn.
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but he was only the ringmaster, one of a group of four who imprisoned, tortured and executed as many as 27 prisoners. emwazi was killed by a us drone strike. did the two men know the islamic state's most notorious executioner, and did they spend time with him, i asked. he's a friend of mine. jihadijohn? he was nicknamed that, yeah. the emwazi, the jihadi john that the rest of the world knows is an executioner, someone who's been called a psychopath. yeah. somebody who will be remembered for his cruelty and his brutality. that's their way to choose to remember him. i choose to remember him differently. you wouldn't condemn his torture and his beheadings of the likes of james foley... i took a position...
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..alan henning, and... i took a position of not speaking of him at all in a negative way. so, you've no remorse, there's no shame, it wasn't you? i have many regrets, notjust being here, previous to coming here. i have my regrets. not about coming to syria. i told them that britain wants to send them to the united states, where they could face the death penalty. what makes the british government want a british citizen to be tried in america? but they've stripped you of your citizenship. that hasn't been confirmed. for now, the fate of alexanda koty and el shafee elsheikh remains uncertain. the government's plan, that they face trial in the united states, is under judicial review. former hostages tell us that they want them to face western justice. in the meantime, the two men have been returned to solitary confinement. they are being held under heavy guard at an undisclosed
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location in northern syria. quentin somerville, bbc news. 0ur diplomatic correspondent james landale is here. tell us more about exactly what these men are accused of and what happens to them now? the british government and the us government are very clear. the home secretary, sajid javid, wrote recently that there is intelligence that implicates the two men in a number of murders including three americans and two britons. the us state department says explicitly that al sheikh had a reputation for mock executions and crucifixions. it also says alexander —— alexanda kotey was responsible for cruel torture methods. the charge sheet is clear. what is less clear is what will happen and whether they will face a trial because there are conjugated factors. they are being held by largely kurdish militia in northern
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syria, not by the us or british authorities. the british government has confirmed, despite what they said, that they are no longer british citizens. their alleged victims were not just british citizens. their alleged victims were notjust british, there we re victims were notjust british, there were international. the british government is of the view that they should be tried in the united states, where there is the greater chance of a successful prosecution, they think. the americans are not making up their minds on this. they have asked the british more intelligence. the british have started that process, but there is now a legal challenge by the family of one of the suspects that has put that process on hold. so the picture is confused and no one is expecting an early decision on it. the fear within the british government is that instead of a trial, other options become available, namely that the americans just sling these quys that the americans just sling these guys into the guantanamo bay detention centre without due process , detention centre without due process, or the militia holding them make their own decisions. they could hand them to another group, released them or execute them. the reason this matters is because it is setting a precedent for how foreign fighters elsewhere might be handled
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in the future. james landale, many thanks. the labour party has tonight dropped an investigation into the senior mp dame margaret hodge. disciplinary action was launched against her last month following a confrontation with leaderjeremy corbyn, over claims of anti—semitism in the party. 0ur political correspondent vicki young is in westminsterfor us. it was one of the most explosive moments in this ongoing dispute over anti—semitism when margaret hodge publicly confronted jeremy corbyn and accused him of being anti—semitic and racist. the labour party launched an investigation and they suddenly dropped it. the reason they suddenly dropped it. the reason they gave tonight is that she has expressed regret about what she did but almost immediately margaret hodge took to twitter contradicting that version of events. in that she said, i'm pleased the labour party has finally dropped their action against me, after 55 years of labour
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party membership, going after me instead of addressing the issue was wrong. just be clear, there have been no apologies on either side. her lawyers gone further saying she will not apologise because she's done nothing wrong and they say the party made up the rules as it went along and has been cynical because it has had to climb down. so what we've ended up with is a step that might have slightly diffused the row but because of the way it has been handled has instead led to another angry confrontation and complete breakdown in trust betweenjeremy corbyn and many members of the jewish community. it is hard to see how they rebuild that trust and draw a line under this. the former foreign secretary borisjohnson, has been accused of islamophobia — after saying muslim women wearing burkas "look like letter boxes". in his newspaper column, he said he was against bans on face—covering veils in public places, but added that they looked "absolutely ridiculous". the muslim council of britain accused him of "pandering to the far right".
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in indonesia, thousands of people have been left stranded, after a second earthquake hit the holiday island of lombok and the surrounding area. more than 90 people are known to have died and hundreds have been injured. thousands of others have been left without shelter, and are having to camp out in the fields. 0ur correspondent mehulika sitepu is in lombok, and sent us this report. it struck without warning, sending thousands into the streets to seek shelter. the 6.9 magnitude quake is the second to have hit the island of lombok in just over a week, causing yet more chaos, destruction and death. and it has displaced thousands who were driven out of their homes in the fear the after—shocks could bring about a tsunami. for the locals here, the quake comes all too soon after the one last week
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which displaced 10,000 people from their homes. a further 10,000 are expected tojoin them in rescue camps like this where they can find food, water and shelter. hundreds of tourists are among those stranded. the normally serene paradise beaches covered in swarms of people desperate to leave by any means possible. but there are not enough boats. some at the island's airport, though, are managing to leave. we didn't get a wink of sleep and we are currently in the airport. as soon as the earthquake hit we booked a flight to just get home straightaway. in the fresh light of day, a sense of the scale of the damage. homes and buildings reduced to rubble. and a desperate hunt for those who may have survived. translation: my son and wife all survived but my nephew hurt his head and he died
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because of the damage from the wall. there were also three children who died. hundreds are injured and medical staff are struggling to cope with the numbers turning up at the hospitals in the main city, mataram. translation: we should try to minimise the effects of this earthquake as quickly as possible, be it evacuation of the dead, or the injured. they should be treated as well as they can be. the tsunami threat has been lifted and no further large tremors are predicted, but the death toll is expected to rise. mehulika sitepu, bbc news. temperatures across the uk are expected to return to normal for this time of year by the end of the week. but across many other parts of the world, heatwaves are still a major problem. in portugal and parts of america, hundreds of firefighters are dealing with major wildfires, while injapan and australia temperatures have been soaring for several weeks. our science editor david shukman reports. an image of apocalypse
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of the kind you might expect hollywood to conjure up. but this was filmed on a real front line in california over the weekend. record temperatures and bone—dry conditions are triggering dozens of wildfires in several american state. we stayed up there as long as we could in our valley. until the flames were truly, they were not 360 degrees around our area, but close enough that we decided to get out. there are similar scenes in europe. in portugal an entire mountainside in the algarve has been burning for three days. fires are a constant risk here, but the speed of their spread has been shocking. this woman and her animals had a lucky escape. at the same time there is punishing heat in asia. north korea, usually so secretive, allowed its shimmering streets to be filmed. the heatwave has been declared a natural disaster. summer isn't over yet but already
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there's been a string of remarkable extremes. last month death valley in california had an average temperature of 42.3 celsius, the highest ever recorded. even in the arctic, bardufoss in norway reached a record high of 33.5 degrees celsius. and oman had a 24—hour period in which it never got below 42.6. and scientists say that climate change may bring more of this. a new report warns that we're still pumping out the gases that warm the atmosphere and that the earth may suddenly become much hotter. because natural features of the planet like the rainforests are under pressure, and they help to keep us cool. so if it were correct and if this was to take place, it would be very serious because there would be all sorts of impacts that would affect people in many ways. for example some places would be very short of water, other places, deltas and places, would be flooded. one extreme is clear in switzerland,
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the famous alpine meadows have turned round. —— brown. nearby, a nuclear power station has had to cut back because the river water that is meant to cool it is now too hot. and in japan there is another challenge. more than 100 people have died in the heat, but this is where the olympic games will be held in 2020. so they might shift the clocks by two hours so races can be in cooler conditions. a radical move as temperatures are set to rise. david shukman, bbc news. a man has appeared in court in staffordshire, charged with the murder of the midwife, samantha eastwood. her body was found on saturday, eight days after she was last seen leaving work at the royal stoke university hospital. michael stirling — who's 32 and from stoke—on trent — was remanded in custody. the association of police and crime commissioners,
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has written to the home secretary expressing policing concerns, in the event of a ‘no deal‘ brexit. ? the letter emphasises the importance of continued co—operation with european policing and justice bodies. ? it adds that a ‘no deal‘ could pose significant risks to uk citizens. deaths from drug poisoning in england and wales have reached a new high. latest figures show more than 3,700 people lost their lives in 2017, that's more than ten dying every day. as our home editor mark easton reports, the news has provoked a row over funding for drug treatment. i never dreamt i'd have one son die from a heroin overdose, never mind two. rose and her husband saw two of their children die from heroin overdoses, and since then they have campaigned for reform to the drug laws, including posting this emotional video. ten miles from here is a natural burial ground. two of my sons are lying there.
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today, with new figures showing record drug deaths in england and wales, rose is demanding more help be made available for people addicted to drugs. we have to make the government in charge of the drugs trade so that they can make drugs safer, so that since people are going to be using them anyway, at least they can do it safely, they can buy it or have it prescribed from safe places, instead of having to get involved with criminals. today's official statistics show the number of people who died from drug poisoning last year at an all—time high, 3,756 people, over half died from overdosing on opiates, mostly heroin, a figure still close to record levels. the government's official drug advisory body told ministers in 2016 that the way to stop so many people dying was to protect funding for treatment, in particular substitution therapy.
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prescribing medicines such as methadone or even diamorphine, pharmaceutical heroin, to street heroin users. responding last year, the home office said it accepted the advice on substitution therapy in full, but the money for drug treatment comes from the public health grant distributed to local councils, that has been cut by hundreds of millions of pounds per year and treatment has disappeared with it. even in the town that is the worst affected which is blackpool, we are seeing cuts. alec stevens is one of the government's official advisers on drug deaths and today speaking in a personal capacity, he told me of his frustration. the problem is that ministers claim to accept the recommendations but their actions have not lived up to their words and instead of investing in substitution
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treatment, they have cut funding. no minister was available to talk about the figures or answer questions about cuts to therapy. in a statement, a spokesperson said that the government wants everyone across the country to get access to the help, the treatment and support they need to live a drug—free life. when it comes to public spending, illegal drug users are not high on the list of priorities for the public but behind each of the ten deaths every day from drugs is a personal tragedy that many believe can and should be avoided. mark easton, bbc news. at the european championships in glasgow, britain's adam peaty won gold in the mixed 4 x 100m medley relay, and there have been silver and bronze medals too for britain in the velodrome. our sports correspondentjoe wilson was watching. old and new on the banks of the clyde, you can see time changing in the waters of the swimming pool. as ep was part of the mix gendered teams this evening. — adam peaty.
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freya anderson was chased by her male rivals adding a new dimension to swimming. britain smashed the european record to win here and despite previous functions at this venue despite previous functions at this venue let's hope that time is not changing. tonight we did a great job, it was like, let's do it for the crowd, european record. different sports to different kinds of teamwork. the controlled madness of teamwork. the controlled madness of the cycling tag team relay was pa rt of the cycling tag team relay was part of the excitement today in the velodrome. they flung himself into the final stages to finish in third place for great britain. the men is a series of cycling races, combined performances, the sheer will to win
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displayed through the day by katie archibald written all over her face as walser uttered dejection when she realised she'd only finished in second. she has another event tomorrow, there will be a next time. the french chefjoel robuchon, who won a record 31 michelin stars, has died. he was 73. he opened a string of gourmet restaurants across three continents, which revolutionised the world offine dining. his signature dish — pommes puree, mashed potato rich in butter, with a dash of milk. take a look at these. quite amazing moving animal sculptures, powered entirely by the wind. they‘ re called strandbeests and are the creation of the dutch artist theo jansen, who's been working on them for almost three decades. well now his eerie contraptions have caught the attention of nasa, which wants to use his ideas to create a windpowered rover on venus, one of the most inhospitable places in the solar system.
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our arts correpsondent david sillito has been to meet him. scheveningen. on the dutch coast. and a summer spectacle, the strandbeests. wind blown mechanical artworks. you don't get used to it, not really, so it is always something special when you see them. i think they are amazing. my name is theo jansen and i try to make new forms of life on the beach where i was born, 70 years ago. it moves pretty easily, doesn't it? theo jansen is an engineer and artist and wejoined him as he brought out his latest beests for his summer experiments. these animals, they gave me sleepless nights, because i am thinking is this really workable?
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the puzzle, how to make something move and survive on the beach, powered only by the wind. what you're looking at is 28 years of trial and error, expertise, creating mechanical movement, almost a mechanical brain, which is what has attracted the attention of nasa. this animation shows how their meeting with theo has influenced their thinking for a venus rover, an environment where pressure and heat is just too much for normal motors. however, he had doubts that the legs could cope with rocky surfaces, so he showed them this, his caterpillar. inspiration for a more robust design. i was honoured that nasa, they invited me and of course, i promoted the beests very much there.

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