good afternoon. the prime minister has restated her opposition to a second eu referendum, and says she won't accept anything in a deal with the brussels that's against the national interest. writing in a sunday newspaper, ahead of mps returning to parliament this week, mrs may said she would not betray those who voted to leave in referendum two years ago. here's our political correspondent, susana mendonca. she's shown us her moves can be unpredictable, but when it comes to the prospect of a second referendum, theresa may is standing firm and sticking to her tune. the prime minister told the sunday telegraph that two years ago, millions came out to have their say and to ask the question all over again would be a gross betrayal of our democracy. when it comes to her brexit blueprint forged at chequers, mrs may insisted she wouldn't be pushed into accepting compromises that were not in the national interest. but her former brexit secretary, who resigned over chequers, said he will vote against it and that her words leave the way
open for compromise. except in the national interest. i mean, your commentators earlier were exactly right. that is an incredible sort of open sesame. you're not going to turn around in the house of commons and say "i agreed this, but it wasn't in the national interest." as parliament prepares to gear up for a new term, rumours of impending leadership challenges continue. as do the divisions among those who stayed inside the government tent, with the international trade secretary slapping down the chancellor's gloomy predictions about economic growth in the event of a no—deal brexit. to say what a gdp figure would be 15 years ahead is not a predictive power that i've known the treasury to have in my time in politics. pressure has been mounting throughout the summer from those who want the public to have a vote on the final brexit deal. and labour's opposition to a second referendum might be softening. my preference is a general election because then you vote on the issues and you vote on the team that
will then do the negotiations. if she won't go for a general election we'll keep all options on the table and we'll see what happens in october november. this week, the cabinet will get back around the table and mrs may will embark on the final stretch before a deal with the eu does or doesn't get done. it's bound to be a long, tough road ahead. susanna mendonca, bbc news. the former labour prime minister gordon brown has weighed into his party's anti—semitism row. he says it should adopt an internationally agreed definition of anti—semitism. tensions within labour over the issue have intensified following the decision by long—serving mp frank field, to resign the party whip in parliament. mr brown has been addressing a meeting this lunchtime of the labourjewish movement in north london. our politcal correspondent iain watson is there for us. iain.
latter right. it is very rare for gordon brown to interfere in domestic politics, even rarerfor her and to intervene as a former labour leader in his own party's affairs. he said the issue of anti—semitism was so fundamentally good on standby. he had a clear message for the ruling national executive committee on tuesday that they should adopt the international definition of anti—semitism and all its examples, unanimously, immediately and unequivocally. what they are likely to do on tuesday is perhaps adopt this document but with some potential caveats. there are fears if they adopted it in full before this may constrain legitimate criticism of israel. gordon brown rejected that argument. earlier todayjohn mcdonnell said he was confident the issue will be resolved on tuesday by labour in a way that satisfied all sides. some of the people here sayjeremy corbyn is
labour leader has to do more to rebuild trust with the jewish committee. ian watson. new figures show that hundreds of prison staff have been caught smuggling drugs, weapons and other banned items into jails in england and wales. the figures, obtained through a freedom of information request by the observer newspaper, show a 50% rise over the last six years. the prison service says such staff it represents less than i% of all the people it employs. ben ando reports. in july, inspectors found that wandsworth prison in london, the most overcrowded in britain, had stopped scanning visitors for drugs and other banned items due to a lack of staff. the same month a 25—year—old prison officer was jailed for smuggling contraband into forest bank prison in salford, greater manchester. now the minister ofjustice has admitted in figures released to the observer newspaper, that in the last 16 years the number of prison employees, notjust officers but health workers, trainers or other support staff, found smuggling illegal items like drugs,
mobile phones, weapons or tobacco into prisons in england and wales, has gone up by more than a half. the figures show that in 2012, 45 prison staff were caught smuggling. but five years later, in 2017, that figure had gone up to 71. and the number of drug finds has trebled, now running at an average of 35 every day. what these numbers suggest is that the problem may be on the increase, but that is not a surprise because the actions of successive governments have created a perfect market for drugs in prison. campaigners say one problem is people. despite a recruitment drive to bring in 2500 new prison officers, the workforce has shrunk by nearly a fifth since 2010, when there were nearly 7000 more than now. prison bosses say these figures represent the actions of a tiny minority, and that most of their staff are ha rd—working and honest. but the government knows that with record levels of violence and drug seizures and suicides,
increasingly the impression is of a prison service in crisis. ben ando, bbc news, at the ministry ofjustice. the united states says it is cancelling $300 million of military aid to pakistan. the pentagon has criticised pakistan for failing to deal with militant groups operating in the country. the decision has been takenjust days before the us secretary of state is due to meet the newly—elected prime minister imran khan. video games which allow players to make in—game purchases will have a warning icon on their packaging from christmas. a picture of a hand holding a credit card will appear on boxes. the aim is to warn parents and help them regulate how much money their children can spend. angus crawford has more. once out of the shop, the gaming can start. but so too can the spending. many games allow players to buy
things like better guns, new characters or extra features, using real, not digital money. children can run up big bills, and some parents don't find out until it's too late. about 40% of parents apparently let their children spend money in the game. it is becoming more of a common thing in games, as digital downloads mean you can spend money in the game to get extra content, or there is the rise of these loop boxes and micro—transactions. the industry is aware of the problem. last year, after a public outcry, one game temporarily stopped all in—play purchases. now the european ratings body has decided to act. come christmas, video game boxes will carry a new icon warning parents that children can play and spend at the same time. but will it make any difference? if you have to buy the game and then within the game, to
actually play the game, to get the most fun out of that game, you have to spend a lot more money, i think the customer should be informed about that. so yeah, i agree. all the games these days, they have... everything comes with add—ons in the cost. so, it's a good idea to warn people, but at the same time people should probably expected anyway, i think. regulators fear gaming can sometimes look more like gambling. this new icon perhaps a sign of the industry taking action before it's forced to. angus crawford, bbc news. the irish rock band u2 were forced to abandon a concert in berlin last night, after the lead singer bono suddenly lost his voice on stage. the band has apologised for cancelling the show and say bono is seeking medical advice about the cause of the problem. the band say it will perform another
show for last night's audience at a future date. cricket, and it's been an excellent morning for england as they attempt to bowl out india at southamption and take an unassailable 3—1 lead in the test series. james anderson's second wicket saw shikhar dhawan caught behind by ben stokes. it reduced the tourists to 22 for three, chasing 2115 to win. by lunch india had moved on to 46 for 3. that's it. the next news on bbc one is at 6.35 this evening. bye for now. you're watching the bbc news channel.
the time is exactly ten past one. more now on today'sjewish labour conference, where the former labour prime minister gordon brown has weighed into his party's anti—semitism row, calling on it to adopt an internationally agreed definition of anti—semitism. speaking earlier, mr brown said he was a supporter of the creation of israel and that labour needed to change its approach. there is one reason why this document that was put before the national executive should be accepted in full. look at the countries that have come together to support it, look at the unanimity achieved. there is not onejewish definition of anti—semitism and a non—jewish definition. there is not one east—west definition and a north—south definition.
there is not one left definition and a right definition. the great strength of the definition of anti—semitism in this document is the unanimity behind it, the unanimity which is its strength. change it, delete a section, rip it up and you will destroy the unity that is essential if we are to fight anti—semitism in every country of the world. applause. and then some people say to me, we are prevented from supporting the palestinians and criticising israel. i look at the document and it's pretty clear that criticism of israel is not to be taken as anti—semitism. but i have always supported and will support the creation of israel. for hundreds of years at nation that
had a history but never at home, for hundreds of years travelling the world facing problems and persecution and no place to call home, so i have always supported and will support the creation of israel. gordon brown speaking earlier in north london. speaking to andrew marr earlier, the shadow chancellor, john mcdonnell, said he was confident that labour would resolve the issue, on its recognised definition of anti—semitism, when the national executive committee meet next week. i don't want to pre—empt the nec but from what i have heard it will be resolved and there will be a balance of acceptance but also what others have said, lord sacks, that freedom
of speech is important, the ability to criticise policies you disagree within terms that are acceptable. you are a big voice in the labour movement and people will listen to you. if you said you think that definition should be accepted, that would have an effect. do you think it should be accepted?” would have an effect. do you think it should be accepted? i don't want to interfere in the nec because anything you say could jeopardise what i think will be a historic agreement. i think all sides will be satisfied with the proposals that will be discussed. that means acceptance... of the full definition? acceptance overall and a commitment to free speech and recognition of the rights of palestinians. i think the nec are wise enough to come to that
understanding and then we can get on with the serious business of engaging with thejewish community, tackling anti—semitism and bringing people together. we will resolve this matter and i hope we will do it quickly and move on. the specials singer neville staple has spoken of his ‘heartbreaking loss' after his grandson was stabbed to death. fidel, the son of mr staple's daughter melanie, was stabbed in croft road, coventry, in the early hours of saturday morning and later died in hospital. west midlands police have launched a murder inquiry and an arrested man remains in custody. police have confirmed that a man charged with the murder of a 68—year—old woman is the victim's son. celia levitt was found dead at a property in bromley in south—east london on friday. her 36—year—old son will appear in court on monday. the headlines on bbc news: theresa may insists she won't make compromises on her brexit chequers plan that aren't in the national interest. the former prime minister gordon brown says the labour party
should adopt an internationally agreed definition of anti—semitism. hundreds of prison staff have been caught smuggling drugs, weapons and mobile phones into prisons. let's stay on that story because we have more on it now. there's been a big rise in the number of staff being caught smuggling banned items into prisons. figures obtained by the observer newspaper show an increase of more than 50% over the past six years. but the prison service says this still represents a tiny proportion of staff. earlier i spoke to andrew neilson, director of campaigns at the howard league for penal reform. i asked him how serious he thought the problem is. i think it does ring true and it sits alongside a wider picture of problems in prison, the fact we have record levels of violence, self harm, major concerns around safety and drugs play a part in that
but clearly they are not simply getting into prisons via prisoners. there must be some element of staff collusion and these figures suggest that's on the increase. this is items like drugs, mobile phones and so on. the question is for the government and authorities, how they stem this tide of contraband getting into our prisons. that's the tricky thing. part of the problem is that we have seen cuts to staffing and the government has started to reverse that with a recruitment drive but that does mean many of the officers coming into prisons are new, it's often their firstjob, that makes them more vulnerable potentially to corruption but you have to look at the underlying causes of why there is so much demand for drugs in prison and that is because we have overcrowded prisons holding more
people than they were designed to. we have a situation where people are expected to spend most of their day lying in their cells doing nothing. that breeds boredom and frustration and it causes the demand for drugs just as it feeds the violence and self harm and until we get prisoners out of their cells doing positive activities, we will continue to see these problems grow. you are touching on some long—term questions, long—term problems for the prisons, overcrowding, what is the prisons, overcrowding, what is the answer? is it hiring more staff, building more prisons or sending fewer people to prison in the first place, at a time when we seem to have rising violent crime, a lot of people would argue that is not an option. it's about who we sent to
prison and wife. a lot of people are not therefore violent crime and building prisons is not the answer, that has been what successive governments have done to try to keep pace with the prison population and they failed. we need to manage demand and also to supply prisons with the resources they need to offer that positive regime i'm talking about. that was the director of campaigns at the howard league for penal reform. more now on the united states cancelling $300 million in military aid to pakistan. the pentagon has criticised pakistan for failing to deal with militant groups operating in the country. the decision was taken just days before the us secretary of state is due to meet the newly elected prime minister, imran khan. ahmed rashid, author of ‘pakistan on the brink', explained the potential consequences of the us cancelling military aid. it will certainly sour relations because in a couple of days
we have the secretary of state, mike pompeo, and the head of the us military coming to islamabad and clearly this action has been taken as a build—up to us pressure on pakistan to deliver the taliban. the main demand from the us has been that the taliban leaders living in pakistan should be made available for talks with the americans and with the kabul government and the pakistanis say they are doing everything they can to persuade them, the americans say they are not doing enough, and if need be they should evict these taliban and send them back into afghanistan. that is something pakistan is not prepared to do, so i think that will be the main item but there are many other items in which neither side see eye to eye. the authorities in germany say rival protests by pro— and anti—migrant groups in the eastern city of chemnitz passed off without major trouble.
the atmosphere in the city has been tense following a series of violent demonstrations after the death of a german man. it's alleged he was killed by two migrants. our berlin correspondent jenny hill reports. fury, hostility on the streets of chemnitz. lugenpresse — "lying press," they shout. leading them on, the anti—migrant party afd. this protest — a funeral march, organised by several far—right groups to remember the german man killed last weekend by, police believe, a syrian and an iraqi. the vast majority of the people are normal citizens, very normal people, and theyjust don't understand and they don't accept the policy of the german government, ms merkel. that's the message for tonight.
police feared mass violence, butjust about held the line. the challenge now for the authorities, how to contain the anger and fear which divide this troubled city. the german foreign minister, heiko maas, has been speaking about the protests. translation: what happened there is more than worrying. a man was being brutally murdered in the open street, and afterwards people were chased through the city. people were showing the hitler salute while they were walking down the streets, and not only a few, this is something my colleagues abroad are asking me about. what is happening in germany? a large majority of germans want to live in an open and tolerant country. those that stand out differently are a minority. you might think one lorry is as bad as the next when it comes to causing pollution,
but refigerated trucks are a particular problem. many have a second diesel engine to power the fridges and that's often working harder than the one moving the vehicle. now, a british inventor has come up with an environmentally—friendly idea that's being trialled by several multinational food companies. dougal shaw went to meet him. hard at work in his garage, inventor peter dearman has been tinkering with an idea for the past 20 years. he thinks it could revolutionise the haulage industry, specifically, refrigerated lorries. supermarkets around the world rely on these to transport fresh produce from warehouses to shops. his idea involves liquid nitrogen, which boils at minus 196 celsius. this demonstrates the pressure that is created by boiling liquid nitrogen. and how that pressure can be used to run an expansion engine. and here is what his invention looks
like on a working lorry. the liquid nitrogen slowly turns into gas as it warms up. this is used to cool air which refrigerate the lorry. the expanding liquid nitrogen is also powering fans which circulate the cool air around the lorry. so what problem is this designed to fix? fridge units on lorries usually use diesel. they are powered by a second diesel engine on board. these are often more polluting than the main diesel engine that drives the lorry. using liquid nitrogen means the refrigerated lorry can lose that second diesel engine. that's giving off no pollution. liquid nitrogen or liquid air is just the atmosphere itself. several multinational food supplies are trialling the technology. i think liquid nitrogen is a good step forward. it is something that we will look at more closely. filling up the lorry with liquid nitrogen that a bit different to filling it with normal fuel.
unlike fossil fuels, there are plentiful supplies of nitrogen in the world, although it does require energy to cool the nitrogen down into liquid form in the first place. however, if the technology takes off, it could reduce our reliance on diesel, and cut air pollution. not bad work for a man tinkering in his garage. dougal shaw, bbc news. a second world war veteran has broken his own record as the world's oldest scuba diver. 95—year—old ray woolley spent nearly three—quarters of an hour underwater examining a shipwreck off the coast of cyprus. tim allman reports. they say you only get better with practice. well, that certainly must be true for ray woolley. a former radio operator during the war, he's been scuba diving for 58 years.
his latest excursion — out into the crystal clear waters of the mediterranean. cheering. cheered on as he took the plunge, heading down to visit a wreck that's not even half his age. the ms zenobia was a cargo vessel that sank on its maiden voyage in 1980. ray and the two dozen or so divers who accompanied him took time out for a group photo. then, after checking the watch to see how long they'd been down there, headed back to their boat. cheering. more cheers, more applause for this most modest of men. we did it! we managed to get 40.6 metres for 44 minutes. wow! very good.
lovely to break my record again! and i hope if i keep fit, i'll break it again next year with all of you! and somehow you kind of believe he will too. tim allman, bbc news. i'm sure he will. let's look at the weather prospects now, with ben rich. good afternoon. split fortunes in terms of sunshine amounts and in some parts of the country the split has been clear. this picture is in staffordshire, a sharp edge to this band and you can see that on the satellite picture, for parts of northern england, central and southern england, you could drive a few miles and would no longer be
under cloud but that cloud is breaking up and we will see a bit of sunshine in the west, rain for northern ireland and western scotla nd northern ireland and western scotland later in the day, north—east scotland and eastern england seeing sunshine and temperatures could get to 26 degrees. tonight this cloud and rain will sink southeast, we will have a mild night despite the outbreaks of rain, ahead of the rain band it will turn cold and some chilly conditions back into north west scotland and northern ireland, overnight temperatures may be 7 degrees in stornoway, maybe eight in norwich, but in between holding up in the teens. it will pep up the rain fall a little bit, so heavy rainfall is possible and the weather front dividing warm air in the south—east
from cooler air to the north—west, so from cooler air to the north—west, $03 from cooler air to the north—west, so a bit of rain across northern england fringing into southern and eastern scotland, and it will be a one day, temperatures into the 20s, perhaps 2a degrees in london but despite sunshine returning to scotla nd despite sunshine returning to scotland and northern ireland, we stay between 1a and 17 degrees. on tuesday this weather front will be dying away, not much more than a band of cloud, some sunshine but temperatures will be dropping. towards the end of the week, a change in the forecast because this next system pushing into the north—west will spin itself up into an area of low pressure close to the british isles, so towards thursday and friday, there was likely to be rain at times and a much cooler feel. generally it will turn cooler,
often dry at first, with some sunshine there is a chance of rain later. a little uncertainty about the end of the forecast but between 110w the end of the forecast but between now and then we will keep you up to date. in hello, this is bbc news. the headlines... theresa may insists she won't make compromises on her brexit chequers plan that aren't in the national interest. and she says she won't give in to calls for another referendum which would be a ‘gross betrayal‘. the former prime minister gordon brown says the labour party should adopt an internationally agreed definition of anti—semitism. the shadow chancellor, john mcdonnell, said he is confident that labour would resolve the issue. officialfigures suggest there‘s been sharp rise in the number of prison staff caught smuggling contraband such as drugs, weapons and mobile phones to inmates. more protests in the german city of kemnitz following the death of a german man alleged to have been killed by two migrants.