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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  September 5, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins. welcome to the latest edition of outside source. theresa may says the two suspects in the salisbury nerve agent attack on sergei and julia skripal are members of russian military intelligence. facebook and twitter execs have admitted they were too slow to act against political meddling in the us, but they have told senators the problem is getting fixed. western japan is struggling to recover from the strongest typhoon to hit the country in 25 years. the world health organisation warns that a quarter of the world's adults aren't getting enough exercise. interestingly, the problem is in the richer countries in the world. two russian nationals have been named as suspects in the salisbury novichok attack which targeted sergei and yulia skripal. uk police say these two men arrived in london on the 2nd of march,
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using the names alexander petrov and ruslan boshirov. we got much more detailfrom we got much more detail from the prime minister, theresa may. the government has concluded that the two individuals named by the police and cps are officers from the russian military intelligence service, also known as the gru. the men visited salisbury on march 3rd and again on the 4th, when mr skripal‘s front door was contaminated with novichok. this is a screen grab from cctv on the fourth. officers are also saying this modified perfume bottle was used to spray the door. and that this was the box the perfume bottle came in. that was in march. then injune, the perfume bottle then ended up in the hands of a local man called charlie rowley. he then gave it to his girlfriend, dawn sturgess. both of them became ill. dawn died days later.
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here's theresa may again. we have obtained a european arrest warrant and will obtain an interval red notice. as we found following the murder of alexander... any formal extradition request in this case would be futile. should i did these individuals ever again travelled outside russia, we will ta ke travelled outside russia, we will take every possible step to detain them, to extradite them and to bring them, to extradite them and to bring them to face justice here them, to extradite them and to bring them to facejustice here in them, to extradite them and to bring them to face justice here in the united kingdom. we also heard from the police. today's announcement by the crown prosecution service marks the most significant development in the investigation. we now have sufficient evidence to bring charges in relation to the attack on sergei and yulia skripal in salisbury, an domestic and european arrest
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warrants have been issued. next, this is the bbc‘s jon kay in salisbury. exactly six months to the week since sergei skripal was apparently attacked here at his home in salisbury. you can see, the police tents are still there, it is still a crime scene. for those six months, people have only had that property to look at and have wondered, "how much do the police really know about what happened here? who carried out this attack and why? what's gone on?" there was lots of frustration that there wasn't more information, a bit of cynicism as well about progress. and then today, i think people are overwhelmed by the amount of information and the amount of images they've suddenly got in front of them. pictures of the two suspects, pictures of these two men flying into london, flying out of london a couple of days later, seen on the streets of salisbury before and after the moment of this apparent attack at the skripals‘ home. pictures, too, finally of the perfume bottle, the fake perfume bottle which is believed to have contained the novichok. and questions now for the community. did anybody see that bottle between it apparently being used
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at the skripals‘ residence in march and then being found in a bin by charlie rowley and contaminating him and his girlfriend dawn sturgess in june? where was it in between? the police will be hoping that these images, in a way, provide some of the answers and some reassurances for people in this community but might also prompt more information, more evidence to come forward. i think, though, people here also want to know, what happens now? if it's highly unlikely these two men will be extradited, will face charges, that there will be a court case, people here will want to know, "what happens? where does this go? how does it end?" so i think almost as many questions tonight as there were at the beginning of the day before this information was released. the uk saying these two men were for russia's military intelligence agency, gru. this is vladimir putin touring the headquarters of russia's military intelligence service, the gru in 2006. let's find out more about it. i've been speaking to
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steve rosenberg on how the gru fits in with the broader hierarchy of the state. there are several intelligence agencies operating in russia. it's quite a crowded area. you've got the fsb, the successor to the kgb. you got the foreign intelligence service, russia's answer to mi6, and they have the gru. in recent years, they have the gru. in recent years, the gru has sort of emerged from the shadows of the other russian intelligence agencies as an agency which plays a key role in vladimir putin's russia. it has been accused of carrying out a whole series of covert and controversial operations in recent years. everything from the annexation of crimea to military
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intervention in eastern ukraine, a failed coup in montenegro as well, and the hacking scandal, hacking and stealing e—mails in america head of the presidential election. in late two the salisbury poisoning. —— and linked to. theresa may said earlier today measures had to be taken to try stop the gru doing these things the future, to try to disable the network. that's going to be difficult because the gru is said to have a very extensive network of agents across europe. steve, stay with us. just want to bring up some copied from the bbc monitoring. russia's foreign ministry has accused him of giving a misleading account of its response to the identification of suspects in the skripal poisoning case. that is from the state news agency. iimagine that is from the state news agency. i imagine this came as somewhat of a
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surprise. tell us what you that.|j noticed surprise. tell us what you that.” noticed that. it also continued tonight on state television. they named me too. obviously, i don't agree at all with that. i report it to earlier, but the government's position was. it accused written of manipulating information and that it called on britain to sit down for talks —— it accused britain of manipulating. investigating these serious crimes. the bbc is not in the business of manipulating information. we try and report what is happening to this country and, it's often a difficultjob to do, but accusing the bbc of manipulating information and public opinion is not the way to go. from steve in
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moscow to washington, dc. executives from facebook and twitter have been questioned by us senators about protecting us democracy. here you have facebook‘s chief operating officer sheryl sandberg. that's twitter chief executive jack dorsey. no google, though. this is what senator mark warner made of that. i'm deeply disappointed that google, one of the most influential digital platforms in the world, chose not to send its own top corporate leadership to engage this committee. i guess i know our members have a series of difficult questions about structural vulnerabilities on a number of google's platforms that we need answers for. from google search, which continues to have problems surfacing absurd conspiracies, to youtube, where russian backed disinformation agents promoted hundreds of divisive videos, to gmail, were state—sponsored operatives attempted
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cou ntless state—sponsored operatives attempted countless hacking attempts. google has an immense responsibility in this space. here's bbc‘s dave lee in washington on why google weren't there. google said they did offer to send a senior member of staff, their top lawyer, for the senate intelligence committee. they said he was not senior enough. they said they either wa nt to senior enough. they said they either want to be chief executive or the chief executive of alphabetic the next google's —— of google's parent company. a terrible look for a company. a terrible look for a company that's been under pressure not to defend some of the criticisms coming its way. and senators were clearly a ng ry coming its way. and senators were clearly angry about that. just wa nted clearly angry about that. just wanted to play couple of the things we heard during proceedings. sheryl sandberg and jack dossey both spoke
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on this issue of election interference. we are more determined than our opponents and we will keep fighting. when bad actors should use oui’ fighting. when bad actors should use our secular we will block them. when content violates our policies, we'll ta ke content violates our policies, we'll take it down. when our opponents use new techniques, we will share them so we can new techniques, we will share them so we can strengthen our collective efforts. everyone here today noticed that this is an arms race. and that means we need to be ever more vigilant. we found ourselves unprepared and ill—equipped for the immensity of the problems that we have acknowledged. abuse, harassment, troll armies, propaganda through bots and human creation, misinformation campaigns and divisive filter bubbles. that's not a healthy public square. worse than a healthy public square. worse than a rosalie small number of bad—faith actors were able to gain twitter to heaven upsizing — —
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actors were able to gain twitter to heaven upsizing —— to have and not backed —— an impact. heaven upsizing —— to have and not backed -- an impact. the reality is, the platforms are too big for them to control. i think many people here would agree with you on that. i think will be demonstrated to date, they learn some of the mistakes that occui’ they learn some of the mistakes that occur during the 2016 presidential election, where russian backed groups understood to have used to have used many manipulation techniques and disinformation techniques and disinformation techniques on the platforms. the other question is whether they can solve those tactics or predict the next ones in the run—up to november's midterms here in the us. that's a different matter. i don't think editors had much research the companies were on top of that. —— i don't think senators had much reassurance. i think facebook even suggested a way to really solve the problem was to have more help from governments to understand more from an intelligence perspective about
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some of these bad actors. i don't think anybody watching the hearing today would come away thinking that this is a problem that these text companies have solved. it's very much going to be a threat as the us vote again in november. inafew in a few minutes on outside source, we are going to talk about the biggest iceberg. as you can see here, it's on the move. jonathan amos will explain why that matters. the former bank of england governor, mervyn king, has branded britain's has branded britain's preparations for leaving the eu as "incompetent". lord king has previously spoken of his optimism about leaving the european union, but he now says the lack of planning for the possibility of a no—deal brexit has undermined the government in negotiations. speaking to the bbc‘s business editor, simon jack,
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lord king said it "beggared belief" that the world's sixth—biggest economy should be talking of stockpiling food and medicines. he also expressed regret and surprise that it was more difficult for a single country to present a united front, than the other 27 eu members. it beggars belief that the sixth biggest economy in the world should get itself into that position. if the government cannot take action to prevent these catastrophic outcomes, whatever position you take on the eu, it illustrates a lack of preparation. it does not tell us whether the policy of the eu is good or bad, it tells us everything about the incompetence of the preparation for it. i'm ros atkins with outside source. we're live here in the bbc newsroom. our lead story is: theresa may says the two suspects in the nerve agent attack on a former russian spy and his daughter are members of russian military intelligence. let me turn to some of the main stories from bbc world service. the eritrean port of massawa has welcomed an ethiopian cargo ship for the first time
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in about two decades. the vessel transported 11,000 tonnes of eritrean zinc from there to china. ethiopia and eritrea signed a peace agreement in july that ended two decades of hostilities. an emirates plane travelling from dubai was quarantined at new york'sjfk airport after passengers fell sick on board. the airline said 10 passengers complained of illness on the flight, though there had been reports that up to 100 people had been feeling ill. that is from bbc world service in english. lots of people watching this. this woman, ayanna pressley, is set to become the first african—american woman to represent massachusetts in us congress. that was herfinding out she had beaten veteran michael capuano to the democratic nomination for the house of representatives seat in november's mid—term election. i once did her to japan.
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—— i want to turn tojapan. there's been a powerful earthquake in the north ofjapan. it was deep but strong, a magnitude seven. this is where it struck. at this stage, no immediate reports of damage and no tsunami warning. but we're keeping an eye on that. and while we're watching that the north. meanwhile in the country's south, the people there are trying to recover from typhoon jebi. the storm's moved north now, but it killed at least 11 people, injured 400. at one stage, 240 million households were without power. these are some of the pictures. kansai airport is off the mainland. around 3,000 people have had to be evacuated. some were bussed out. others were taken in a fleet of speed boats. to explain why that is necessary, i should say the airport is on a
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man—made island. to get off it, you need to take a bridge. a tanker was blown into the bridge. the runway was also flooded, the airport lost power. bearin bear in mind, is the third busiest airport injapan and people looking to have it be open. the prime minister tweeted... one that was happening, people were reflecting on what they experience. jebi was japan's most powerful typhoon in 25 years. just look at what it did. tossing these cars around like a weight hardly anything. this is the one ship that got broken in half on a breakwater. these ship containers are not like they are not anything.
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and this is a 16th century temple, badly damaged. a few moments ago, i talked to said mac david greco, a university professor in osaka. i asked him what the scene is like now there. most of the damage seems to be overblown trees. there was structural damage too. in my area, i saw one roof of the house did blow off. a lot of older structures, the walls crumble down. that's mainly the things i saw in my specific area. and is it possible for you and the people around you to carry on with normal life or is that com pletely with normal life or is that completely stopped for the moment? personally and the people around me, the power is on where i am. i think the power is on where i am. i think the power is on where i am. i think the power company released a press release at midnight and said that 200,000 homes are still without power, and also water too. they don't have water. most of the
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situation at the airport. there are still people stranded there. i think as of10pm, can still people stranded there. i think as of 10pm, can be described as lines as far as you could see of people still trying to board the buses and affairs to be brought to the mainland. and presumably, the damage that has been done, we can measure and millions and millions of dollars. were sure. absolutely. what was it like to be in? the winds started in the morning, and it peaked around 1pm for about two hours. extremely strong wind. howling winds. windows were shaking, doors were shaking. i've never experienced a storm of that strength before for single time i've been here. time now for outside source business. theranos is a us start up that specialise in blood—testing, but you may know it's been mired in scandals. well, today, we learned it's going to dissolve. its founder and former
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president are facing criminal charges of wire fraud. let's get help on this. i guess the situation was this was not viable as a business on the other distractions we re a business on the other distractions were on. exactly. we saw that in april, the company said it was experiencing issues with cash flow. and then today we find out that the investment bank jefferies and then today we find out that the investment bankjefferies had reached out to over 80 potential hires for the company, and none of them wanted its assets, its intellectual property, and as a result, the company simply could pay its bills. it had something like $5 million of cash or on hand. it said it would disperse the remaining amount to the company's investors, but that pales in comparison to the amount that had been invested in this company. at its heyday, it was sited at something like $9 billion, and some big names invested in it, including rupert murdoch. the blood
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testing kit if it would revolutionise medicine was in fact not actually as reliable as the company had claimed and as a result, it had to be withdrawn from the market. and the fact that it was not what they claimed it was, was that because the people in charge of the company were pulling a stunt or because the people who verified that it could do the job did not do their verification process properly? according to us regulators, it simply that elizabeth holmes, who is the compa ny‘s founder and simply that elizabeth holmes, who is the company's founder and other chief executives at the company, misled the investors. they did not do they promise to do in terms of investors and as well is to pharmacy chain to walgreens, which had put the test on the market. as a result, the test on the market. as a result, the securities and exchange commission here said they misled investors and that is why they are facing with these criminal charges
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and civil charges here in the united states. i guess a broader lesson here though which is people are willing to take a big bet on the health care sector in the us because if that that comes off, the size of the market is so far, you're going to make a lot of money. and, i mean, look, theranos was one of silicon valley's unicorns. that is because elizabeth holmes went around in a black turtleneck, she was likened to the female steve jobs. there black turtleneck, she was likened to the female stevejobs. there was a lot of enthusiasm when it comes to this company and many people thought this company and many people thought this is just indicative of what happens in silicon valley. there's a lot of hype but often times, a lot of these companies get valued at so much because investors want someplace to put their money, predicted interest rates, and as a result, they maybe don't do their due diligence with these companies. i think that's what a lot of people are saying, that's the lesson to ta ke are saying, that's the lesson to take away from this saga. kim, thanks very much. the pound jumped today on reports
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that britain and germany are ready to drop key brexit demands. bloomberg news is reporting that both sides are prepared to forego ironing out some details on the future relationship, in order to get a deal done. here's andrew walker. they say, and this is all based on anonymous officials that have been briefing them, the two countries are prepared to go forward with a withdrawal agreement that includes only a broad statement of the general principles of what the future relationship is going to be like. and a lot of the discussion the last few weeks has been about some of the more detailed aspects of what that future trade relationship will be like, the so—called chequers agreement. i think the idea that the two key players, and of course germany is speaking only for itself here, these two key players might be
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prepared to get as far as the withdrawal agreement without having to settle these very difficult issues, has reduced the risk as it's seenin issues, has reduced the risk as it's seen in the markets as britain crashing out of the european union without an agreement to any kind of withdrawal agreement which would then be quite adverse for financial markets in the british economy. let's keep on talking about currency trading. we've seen yet another drop for the peso in argentina. the south african rand has slumped to a two—year low. and indonesia's stock market suffered its worst day in more than five years. here's samira hussain to explain the impact on trading on the new york stock exchange. you're seeing a bit of an impact from what's happening in some of these emerging economies. you're seeing that companies that are held by argentina or argentinian companies, rather, they are seeing their stocks put a little but lower here on the new york stock exchange. as you see that the us economy is getting a little bit stronger, there
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is this sense that we should pull our money out of these emerging markets and go somewhere safer. that said, idid markets and go somewhere safer. that said, i did have time to speak with some of my contacts here on the floor at the new york stock exchange. you know, reintroduce myself, and one trader was actually saying that he has more fierce looking forward towards a potential recession, that we saw something like this happen before. it might not happen six months here were two yea rs, not happen six months here were two years, but he really expects something big to sort of happened in the coming years. a report now on a group of entrepreneurs in brazil who decided to create a cheaper alternative to the existing private we spent two and a half years with only one medical centre inside the largest area of sao paulo. our idea
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was, let's go to the hardest area, make and model work there because if it works there commits going to be able to work in sao paulo. we can roll out nationally. our view is that there's a lot of waste in the system, and we've nailed the model. we have close to one million unique patients. this place is one of the largest health ca re place is one of the largest health care companies in south america. i will speak to you in a couple of minutes' time. hello there. the main weather story continues to be across japan, asia
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and north america. it's to north america we had to first of all this evening. tropical storm gordon made la ndfall evening. tropical storm gordon made landfall earlier on along the gulf coast here in the south. was not quite hurricane strength but wasn't far off severe in alabama there was some damaging winds and some coastal storms surging, flooding as well. this storm is moving over land, so it's a beginning. it's losing its energy but the heavy rain is set to continue. eventually, that rain will merge with his band of rain we got here from the great lakes down into texas, with his been some flooding. we may get some rain in new york which dropped the temperatures by friday before the tennis. we've got another hurricane that's sitting out in the middle of the atlantic. this is florence was that she could had a weight on the way towards bermuda or perhaps have some impact in the uk. a lot of uncertainty, as you'll see
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in the forecast later on. as you heading to europe, more rain developing. across the alps, perhaps heading to germany, and there are fewer showers of cost eastern parts of europe. in japan fewer showers of cost eastern parts of europe. injapan is been a year of europe. injapan is been a year of extreme weather. and typhoonjebi was the latest to bring destruction across japan. at least it was a fast mover but a very powerful store for a while. it's gone now and while there are no typhoons in the forecast for the next few days, there are still some rain to come. we got some very warm and muggy air coming up from the south, hitting japan was about the same time, this cooler, drier air coming down across china. the showers are in the muggy airand the two china. the showers are in the muggy air and the two are set to meet in stick around for a while right the way across japan. all the way down into some southern parts of china.
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osaka was badly affected by the typhoon and we've got probably four days of torrential downpour is here. some heavy rain arriving in hong kong. seoul south korea is on the drier side. the threat of landslides around cook's bay. higher pressure will build in across australia after this rain moves through. that could bring some welcome her into the areas of new south wales, and we may solicit showers lingering around sydney. the weather should be improving in wellington after a windy day on friday. sunshine and calmer weather returns this weekend. theresa may says the two suspects in the salisbury nerve agent attack on sergei and julia skripal are members of russian military intelligence. facebook and twitter execs have admit they were too slow to act against political meddling in the us, but have been telling senators
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the problem is getting fixed. western japan is struggling to recover from the strongest typhoon to hit the country in a quarter of a century, we're live in osaka. and we'll be talking to anthony zurcher about the book about the white house that all of washington is talking about. the fallout from bob woodward's book continues. president trump's been busy tweeting statements from his colleagues. secretary of defence james mattis "the contemptuous words about the president attributed to me were never uttered by me or in my presence". the book says president trump ordered james mattis to assassinate syria's president bashar al assad, and that he told colleagues he'd be ignoring that. today, while meeting with the emir of kuwait, president trump said the discussion over killing basa har the book says president trump
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ordered james mattis to assassinate syria's president bashar al assad, and that he told colleagues he'd be ignoring that. today, while meeting with the emir of kuwait, president trump said the discussion over killing basa har assad never happened. here he is commenting on how members of his cabinet have reacted to the book. i was very honoured that without me knowing about it, statements were put out by the general, highly respected people by everyone including your cells, and the book isa including your cells, and the book is a work of fiction. the book is a work of fiction, if you look back at his past, it was put out to interview with the
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hearings which i don't do gets done because many people came out against it, people who are written about that i never said that, rudy giuliani is another one he's insulted by the book and what was stated in the book. antony zurcher has collated the most impact quotes on the bbc news website. there you wil find chief of staffjohn kelly saying antony zurcher has collated the most impact quotes there you wil find chief of staffjohn kelly saying "this is crazytown". as president trump said, john kelly has dismissed this as bs. @maggienyt says "not sure what part of the woodward book quotes kelly is denying, but multiple current and former officials say they're heard him say "crazytown," "worst job in the world" and something about trump not listening to him." anthony, washington. if it's a work of fiction it's one that not just if it's a work of fiction it's one that notjust one well sourced or no sustained by a number of them are saying it. let's bring in anthony
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live with us from washington, dc, how are you scoring the white house effo rts how are you scoring the white house efforts to push back on this? well, it's predictable so far, i think that ifjohn it's predictable so far, i think that if john kelly it's predictable so far, i think that ifjohn kelly and mattis had not released statements denying the quotes attributed to them, if they we re quotes attributed to them, if they were on thin ice before they definitely would have followed through to the cold water at this point. they simply could not stand past and expect the president to be satisfied with what they were attributed to saying. but you talk about the new york times, the new york timesjust about the new york times, the new york times just published an op—ed from someone who's a senior chump administration official, saying that essentially that yes, everyone does believe that the president is erratic and yes there is essentially a coup d'etat and the administration or their try to check his greatest impulses. i will read one paragraph, it says erratic behaviour would be more concerning if it weren't for unsung heroes in and around the white house, some of his aides have been cast as villains by the media,
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but in private they've gone to great lengths to keep bad decisions contained in the west wing, though there not clearly always successful. so you have someone within the current administration, essentially saying that the allegations made in the woodward book are substantiated. but the thing is that we talked about this before, many of trump supporters like the fact that he's erratic, like these unpredictable, and likea erratic, like these unpredictable, and like a model where he is in power, but he's got people around him who get smooth over some of the rougher edges. right, that something that donald chump tweeted about earlier today, he tweeted that he is tough, andi earlier today, he tweeted that he is tough, and i feel the earlier today, he tweeted that he is tough, and ifeel the way earlier today, he tweeted that he is tough, and i feel the way to get results, kind of you got to break a few eggs to get an omelette area being a president, and trump supporters voted for him by and large not for him to play nice, but for him to disrupt the system, so they see someone like bob woodward or members of his own administration anonymously going about the fact that he's taking a different angle on trade or if he is doing different
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things as far as foreign policy, one of the quotes in the book, and demanding things change in afghanistan because soldiers are getting killed, they will look up and say well that's exactly what we want, in that regard, there may not bea want, in that regard, there may not be a political price release from the supporters. thank you, anthony, he's talking about afghanistan the situation there is very closely intertwined with the situation in pakistan. and that's where the us secretary of state mike pompeo is at the moment, visiting the new pm of pakistan, imran khan. plenty to talk about earlier this year the us cut more than $1 billion in security assistance and accused pakistan of not doing enough to fight islamic militants. here's one analyst take on the situation. there simply has not been enough action taken on the part of pakistan to target the many different terrorist and militant groups that are having safe haven on pakistani territory, in which create further problems for bringing about the situation of stability in afghanistan, and which of course create problems for pakistan's relationship with india and for its relationship with iran.
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and this is the bbcs correspondent in pakistan. certainly mike pompeo when he was on his way to islamabad said one of the reasons he was so keen on coming to pakistan is because he wanted to meet imran khan and his government in its early stages in order to reset relations. there is somewhat of an opportunity it seems on both sides to reset the relationship, but let's also not forget that traditionally in pakistan, foreign policy has been the domain of the pakistani military rather than civilian government. of course it remains to be seen how the dynamics work between imran khan and the pakistani military, but there will be some skepticism amongst western diplomats that imran khan will necessarily be in a position by itself to change pakistani policy on afghanistan. the world's biggest iceberg is on the move.
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take a look at this animation of what's happening in the antartic. this iceberg weighs a trillion tonnes and is 6000 square kilometres. it broke away 13 months ago, but then itjust moved back and forth. now though its southern end has been swung round almost 90 degrees by ocean currents. this map shows its location at the tip of the antarctic peninsula. and you can get an idea of its scale with these comparisons, there's greater london, hawaii's big island and cyprus. jonathan amos has more. we know is 1a months as it broke away from the coastline of
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antarctica, 12th of july away from the coastline of antarctica, 12th ofjuly 2017th that this piece came off, 6000 km2 about 150 km long, 55 km wide, chilean of eyes remarkable isn't it? and really it spent the first 30 months just sort of shuffling on the spot going forwards the spot going forwards a bit, backwards a bit, but in the last month we have seen a significant change. what we think is happening is that there has been strong winds that have come off antarctica and they have blown the southern and of the iceberg out into the sea, that large sea area just east of antarctica, and it's done a kind of give it and spin because it seems the northern end of the iceberg is actually grounded on the sea bed. we think the sea bed is raised somewhat there, so it's doing a pure white and has gone almost 90 degrees, now what will happen is we move towards antarctic summer, if you remember i'm sitting here in the
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north, the northern hemisphere and we are coming out of the summer. but down there that going into the summer so the sea ice will be melting, things will be warming up nicely, and that may make it easier than for the bird to really put some speed on. we expected eventually to move north out into the south atlantic, there is a great current that goes around antarctica it'll be picked up by that and if you're a penguin, on the south georgia or portland islands, you could well see this iceberg in a few years' time or certainly fragments of it as it comes sailing by. for more stories by number at comes sailing by. for more stories by numberat our comes sailing by. for more stories by number at our website. this is one of the most—read stories on bbc turkish at the moment. it's about how the turkish lira's drop in value is affecting the supply of medicine in turkey. we've talked before on outside source about how the lira has lost almost half of its value against the us dollar over the last year.
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now bbc turkish has been told that although there are adequate stock of medicine at the moment "as of september 15, the depots will be empty" as a direct effect of that. this is oheekuh altuntash's story, here she is to explain. in turkey the high—end medicines, they‘ re mostly imported there and manufactured abroad. now, turkey's drug sector is mostly regulated by the government and the government every year sets a rate and this is like a turkish lira rate. this was this year, set well below the exchange rate. and after that, some pharmaceutical associations started to raise
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concerns and now turkey might face a drug shortage, even before the end of this year. so, what are the medical associations in turkey saying about this? we asked doctors, pharmacies, and one pharmacy in fact told me, he's asking warehouses, asking about some drugs. and when he reads the list of needed drugs, the warehouses say "no, we do not have it." and i spoke to associations, a doctors association told me that before mid—september, there might be serious shortage and this includes some cancer treatment medicine as well. and istanbul's pharmaceutical chamber also says that more than a thousand medicines cannot be found in the market now. so, is the health ministry having to make preparations for this kind of eventualities?
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0g course, they made several statements actually. the latest one was, well, the health minister said there will not be an increase in prices, so prices will not go up he said. also, there will not be any immediate concern about the access to drugs, but on the other hand there are no detailed measures announced by the government about this. so, we will see what will happen now. some newsjust in in the past houror so, it looks like this is the beginning of the end of the so—called "scallop war" between french and english fishermen. remember this from last week? it got tense close to the north coast of france. trawlers rammed each other, and rocks and smoke bombs were apparently thrown by the french. british are accused of depleting stocks, though under uk regulations they can fish at this time, while french crews cannot. well there were talks today, and we
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can have an outline of an agreement. the uk says it won't harvest scallops in french waters as long as it's compensated. that gets thrashed out in another meeting on friday. here's the uk's negotiator. but the french are in a hurry to make sure that happens because what they do not want either is for there to be another conflict. and for the time being, until we get the deal sewn up on friday, we're asking them to avoid the area just for the two days, then we will see the details of the deal on friday. quite frankly, if it's not good enough on friday, it'll still be rejected. the french boats involved last week's clashes come from normandy. the bbc‘s lucy williamson is there. the boats here on the normandy coast are preparing to go out for another night fishing at sea, including this one. it's the boat that was filmed
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in the collision with a big scottish vessel on the high seas last week. you can still see some of the scars here on the hull and there's a big dent in the gentry as well. tensions have really risen here this year, it's because the temporary agreements to regulate the scallop fishing rights herejust up the normandy coast have broken down and at heart the problem is there are different rules for scallop fishing here depending on whether you're a british or a french fishermen. the french are not allowed to fish for scallops between may and october. the british are. and tensions have gotten so high this year, that the government here says they could bring in the french navy to try and keep the peace. the talks in london are trying to find a way forward, but with three weeks still to go before the french boats can go and fish for scallops, many of the fishermen here, including the captain of this boat, say if they see any british boats
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out on the water fishing for scallops, they'll repeat the attack again. the bbc presenter, rachael bland has died at the age of a0. she was a well—known voice on radio 5 live. after being diagnosed with cancer, rachael began writing a blog and then, with two other women who'd previously been diagnosed with cancer, launched a podcast about dealing with the disease. she died in the early hours of this morning, surrounded by her family. judith moritz looks back at her life. we are three friends, we're also bloggers. we have one thing in common, we all have or have had cancer. rachael bland changed the conversation about cancer. the newsreader whose own story became the most important. diagnosed with breast cancer, rachael created the podcast you, me and the big c, three women with cancer in common, talking about it in a funny, frank and fresh way. we thought we would come back with a bang and talk
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about death and dying. and mainly about the subject because people don't talk about it. the podcast has been so popular that yesterday, it reached number one in the uk charts. unfortunately for rachael's cancer, herjourney in terms of where we are, it has ended, but what she has shown is that she has lived and she has lived absolutely a worthwhile, purposeful, amazing life that has had an impact on so many people. after more than 15 years on bbc radio five live, rachael found that the podcast brought her a new audience. it wasn't not about her. she didn't want any personal fame, it was a crusade to get others through cancer, and she was adamant about doing that. and alongside that, she wanted to help her son, freddie, come to terms with what happened to her. rachael's little boy is just three years old.
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she's wrapped presents for him to open on every birthday until he's 21. she spoke about being with him when she learned her cancer was incurable. the call came through and they said, "i'm really sorry. it's the cancer, it's back." and all the way home, i was saying to freddie, "i'm so sorry, i'm so sorry." sorry, that's the first thing that has made me cry in the first 12 episodes! it has finally broken me! today, rachael's death was announced on air. the news that our beloved colleague, five live presenter and newsreader rachael bland has died this morning. in tributes, rachael was said to have improved understanding of cancer and reduced its stigma. and this from her husband, steve. "at the end," he said, "even though her body was at its weakest, rachael's voice was at its strongest and most powerful and she'll always be an incredible inspiration." you you can buy my tributes on
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social media and the website. day 2 of the senate confirmation hearing for brett kavanaugh, who's donald trump's supreme court nominee. it went a little smoother than day 1, though that's not hard given all the interruptions. this time, mr kavanaugh was asked about his view onjudicial indepence. no one is above the law in our constitutional system. federal 69 hamilton makes clear all the ways that the executive branch has designed by the framers of the constitution was different from the monarchy. under our system of government, the executive branch is subject to the law. subject to the court system and that's an important part of federal 69, it's an important part of the constitutional structure.
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a lot of these issues feel very relevant with donald trump in the white house. this was a tweet from a few days back, diected at attorney generaljeff sessions, "two long running, obama era, investigations of two very popular republican congressmen were brought to a well publicized charge, just ahead of the mid—terms, by the jeff sessions justice department. two easy wins now in doubt because there is not enough time. good jobjeff..." so with justice and politics in mind, senator diane fine—stighn asked brett kavanaugh this. can a sitting president be required to respond to a subpoena? that's a hypothetical question. and as a matter of the cannons ofjudicial independence, i cannot give you an answer on that hypothetical question. i asked gary o'donoghue about that last question. the special counsel looking into
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those allegations of collusion, between trump campaign in russia, may well end up sending a subpoena to the president to get him to a nswer to the president to get him to answer questions notjust to the president to get him to answer questions not just about russia but also aboutjustice in relation to his firing of the fbi director. so what you have there from the nominee for supreme court isa from the nominee for supreme court is a real dodge on the issue. saying it's too hypothetical and can't a nswer it's too hypothetical and can't answer it, no otherjustice would either. in terms of democrats effort to slow this down and disrupted, is it correct to say they can stop this but not stop it? that's about right, the protesters a re but not stop it? that's about right, the protesters are having a good go they've been hauled out there, on a regular basis today, as well as for the hearings but they have proceeded, scheduled to go on for a few more days, a bill will be on the floor of the senate at the end of the mind, all they have to do have isa simple the mind, all they have to do have is a simple majority to get it through, to be one of them 41 democrats, if you will probably vote
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for his confirmation because they are ina for his confirmation because they are in a difficult election state come november, so it's going to be safe in terms of his nomination but it's not going to be an overwhelming endorsement of it. in which case, if he goes smoothly for him, how soon will hejoin the he goes smoothly for him, how soon will he join the supreme court and start influencing the decisions that it takes? it could be as early as beginning of next month, october the 1st sees the next of the sanctions, of supreme court running from october untiljune when they hand down all the decisions, so he could be wearing those roads and hearing those cases from october one. the world health organisation says almost a quarter of the world's population is not getting enough exercise. it says sedentary lifestyles are increasing the risk of heart disease, cancer and dementia. the problem is most pronounced in high income countries. more than half the polulation of saudi arabia and kuwait aren't getting enough exercise. in the uk the figure is 36%. contrast that to uganda and mozambique where 94% of people
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are getting adequate exercise. smitha mundasad, bbc health reporter, joins us from her gym in london. there is so much evidence now that exercise keeps our whole bodies healthy, so let's take heart disease, if you imagine the heart, it's a muscle like any other muscle in your body, so if you work out your heart, by getting a little bit breakfast making sure blood is pumping through your body and your heart is working harder at you're exercising that muscle and toning it up. that's keeping your heart healthy and helping to prevent things like heart disease, strokes, heart attacks. and does the who say how much exercise it things we all need to be doing, how much night time to need to put in the gym to be helping myself? they recommend that adults do about one to 50 minutes of moderate intensity activities,
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so that sort of fast—paced walking, once a week, or 75 minutes of intense physical activity, and that is something like running for example, they say you don't have to do it in a gym, but you can do it in your everyday life, but that's the amount that adults up to the age of about 65 would need to do. as well as activities to help strengthen their muscles as well. i was interested to see that some countries in developing world like uganda have far better rates of exercise that affluent countries like saudi arabia don't. is the who point that actually affluence can be doing us harm i think lots of people were fairly surprised and figures are pretty shocking, in countries like kuwait, over 50% of the population are not doing the recommended level that helps us from getting diseases. in the us it's 40% of the population are not doing recommended level of activities to ward off diseases.
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but like you say, take mozambique, only 6%, experts say yes as countries get rich, populations get more sedentary, so they do jobs based in offices and have to try and find time to go to gyms and, that's really hard, they're using buses and cars to get to work. even at leisure time they're using laptops or tablets to play games for example and so they're not doing as much physical activity so as countries get rich, they're designing out the exercise and activity from their daily lives. see tomorrow, bye—bye. hello, with areas weather systems affecting the uk in coming days our weather is about to become more u nsettled. weather is about to become more unsettled. he's our satellite view for wednesday but let's had stop and
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find something much more active in central atlantic, first major hurricane of the atlantic season, turkey and florence the eye of the storm is here, the problem for us and our weather even though it's a long way away, is the computer models we used to derive our forecast trouble with hurricanes. they struggle with where they go and may are may not hit the usa we are struggling as well with that are associated with them. so computer struggle to produce a forecast here, everything is connected to weather, the struggle to produce a forecast on the wider atlantic and we get our weather from that's about beans a greater level of uncertainty looking further ahead in our weather into next week as we see in a moment. better handle on the short term, i should hope so for thursday's weather. stalin sunshine and showers heavy pots with some showers pushing into northern england and ireland, outbreaks of rain beat into wells and parts of midlands uplifting when, after sunshine, late in the
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day, southeast england, warm with sunny spells here mostly around mid and high teens. our weather a bit more active on friday with a low— pressure more active on friday with a low—pressure parking itself in the north sea, closer to that the wet ale beat, colder and windy are practically eastern scotland and northeast england, elsewhere even though it's going to be cool with strong breezes coming from northwest, it's still a fair amount of dryness, and occasional sunny weather to be had. temperatures come down a bit noticeable for further south you are. it's unsettled for the start of the weekend, area of low pressure in the north sea close to scotland another frontal system moving in to england and wales and it could start the day producing rain in parts of northern ireland and southern scotland. some of the rain heavy as it pushes east and a breeze associated with that of course is not going to be particularly warm, and dry and bright in northern ireland and bring up bright in northern ireland and bring up later in the day across western spots of england and wales. by two of the weekend on sunday, that system clearing away, something of
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the acquired a dutch writer on its way, get to see sunshine and showers, across this moving in from the west as he go in the day. not too dry, but dry. temperatures for the most part in the teens at you in low 20s perhaps in some sunny spells. on monday, well clearly shows atlantic driven whether this front goes all the way back to the atlantic, so we get cloud and outbreaks of rain and showers at times not everywhere wet or cloudy, some sunny spells, northern scotland bodes well for that on monday, and temperatures barely close to average and pleasant disease and sunshine. the jet stream for the next week, idea is it's coming right at the uk by it could well be that the main pa rt by it could well be that the main part of it is focused towards northern half of the uk, so more active weather system is wider and windier and cooler as a result where further south you are further away, the court the jet stream is closer to high pressure and closer to
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warmth in europe as well, can be in some areas that times are these range of colours across the uk, but remember hurricane florence the uncertainty with a forecast in the atlantic, that means nothing is set in stone and our forecast for the next week so that's why we want you to keep coming back for regular updates. tonight at 10:00 — two russian nationals named as suspects in the poisoning of former spy sergei skripal and his daughter yulia. after an extensive study of cctv and other images, scotland yard says there would be sufficient evidence to charge the two men. it came six months after the skripals were poisoned by a russian—made nerve agent in salisbury, prompting a huge international outcry. the two individuals named by the police and cps are officers from the russian military intelligence services — also known as the gru. the men have been named as alexander petrov
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and ruslan boshirov, whose movements have been traced in detail by the british authorities. we'll have the latest on the investigation, that's involved 250 officers, and we'll be asking about the significance of today's new information.
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