i'm mariko oi in singapore. the headlines: us troops are pulling out of syria as the white house orders a complete and rapid withdrawal. we report on a sharp increase in violence in indian administered kashmir where more than 500 people have been killed this year. indian armed forces are fighting what are believed to be two perhaps three militants hiding in there. this gun exchange has just intensified, but the operation has been going on all through the night for perhaps the last 12 hours. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme: america's central bank raises interest rates for a fourth time, despite president trump saying it's a mistake. and choosing your login password, the protocols and the pitfalls. we hear the latest advice. live from our studios in singapore
and london. this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's 8am in singapore, midnight in london and 7pm in washington, where the trump administration says all us troops are being withdrawn from syria. the president said the islamic state group had now been defeated in syria, his only reason for keeping the 2,000 troops there. but there has been significant criticism of mr trump's announcement, as correspondent barbara plett usher reports. donald trump promised to withdraw american troops from syria during his presidential campaign, and he's been looking for a way to do that
ever since. now he's declaring mission accomplished. the white house said troops would start to come home. it's true the us and its allies have pretty much expeued and its allies have pretty much expelled is from its so—called caliphate. the vast swathes of land it once controlled in iraq and syria. but even without territory, the militants remain a threat and mr trump's sudden announcement has upended isn't administration's tragedy to prevent them from making a comeback. just last week his chief envoy said the military needed to stay and help stabilise war—torn areas of syria. i pressed him on that. the point is the military commitment doesn't end with the end of the caliphate? that's absolutely right. no timeline? no timeline? no timeline. the top officials had little to say about this sudden about—face, no details about a timeline but senators from his party we re timeline but senators from his party were quick to criticise. the decision to withdraw american...
0ur american presence in syria is a colossal in my mind of mistake, a grave error that's going to have significant repercussions in the years and months to come. isis is not defeated in syria and iraq. iwas isis is not defeated in syria and iraq. i was there just a few months ago, they've been incredibly hurt and our troops there are an insurance policy against the re—emergence of isis in syria and iraq. and that's not all. aus iraq. and that's not all. a us pullout could endanger its local kurdish allies. they've been leading the fight against the islamic state group, but turkey sees them as terrorists and has threatened to attack them. a withdrawal would also strengthen russia and iran's influence in syria, where us policy is to weaken it. it seems the president made this decision without considered consultation with those who had to carry it out, so the pentagon and the department are struggling to find out how they can fit this into their syria strategy. it's not clear
what will exactly happen, what is clear is this is another example of president trump's disruptive and disorientating approach to policy. barbara plett—usher, bbc news, washington. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. the european union has begun activating its plans for a no—deal brexit. the proposals cover 14 areas including customs, citizens rights, air and land transport, and financial services. but brussels says it cannot counter all the problems it expects, if the uk leaves the eu without an agreed deal. here's our correspondent, adam fleming. it's not really about minimising disruption on the uk side, it's about protecting the eu's vital interests that they've identified in this contingency planning process. that stuff about truckers, that's so the eu drugs can go into the uk too. similarly with airlines, its european airlines still being able to fly to the uk and that stuff about limited recognition for financial services, that's for financial services, that's for financial services, that's for financial services that the eu wants to use in london. this is all
designed to send a political message to the uk that the only deal is the deal that's on the table and its way, way better than any of this, and the only way the uk could get that post—brexit transition or implementation period is by signing up implementation period is by signing up to the deal on the table. 0ne thing glaringly absent from all this paperwork today, what's the eu going to do on the irish border if there's no deal? also making news today: the us central bank, the federal reserve, has again raised interest rates, despite repeated appeals by president trump not to do so. they've gone up by .25%, taking them to 2.5%. the bank's chairman, jerome powell, said he expected rates to increase more slowly next year. we'll have much more analysis of that story in asia business report injust under half—an—hour‘s time. korean air has been forced to pay nearly eighteen thousand dollars compensation to a flight attendant who was subjected to abuse in an infamous nut rage incident. -- $18,000. the daughter of the airline's chairman had forced park chang—jin to apologise on his knees after she was served nuts in a bag rather than a bowl.
but the compensation was far less than mr park had asked for. flights at britain's second—busiest airport, gatwick, have been halted amid reports of drones being flown over the airfield. two unmanned devices were reportedly spotted near a runway, leading to delays and diversions as flights were suspended. hundreds of passengers have been affected. washington, dc‘s top prosecutor is suing facebook, in the first significant us move to punish the firm for its role in the cambridge analytica scandal. other states and federal investigations are considering similar legal action. in another development, a new report finds facebook gave more than 150 other companies access to personal user data. there has been a sharp increase in violence in indian administered kashmir in recent weeks. in fact, 2018, has been the deadliest year in the disputed region in a decade. more than 500 people have been killed including civilians, security forces and militants.
the area has long seen conflict between indian forces and armed insurgents backed by pakistani groups, but this year the cycle of violence has intensified with both sides becoming more active. the bbc‘s yogita limaye reports from indian—administered kashmir. behind the fog, a bustling neighbourhood, now a battleground. these sounds have become all too common in the region. a policeman leads us to safety as a bullet flies over us. indian armed forces are fighting what are believed to be two, perhaps three militants who are hiding in there. this gun exchange has just intensified, but the operation has been going on all through the night for the past 12 hours. and it's this kind of operations the armed forces
have really ramped up this year. theirs and be more than 120 18 alone. a few hours later, it ended. six homes dejan storage, three militants killed, scores have been shot down this year. this man died in a similargun in this year. this man died in a similar gun in november. demanding freedom from indian rule, thousands came to his funeral, as they do every time a militant dies. for his family, this man is a martyr. a son their proud of. translation: family, this man is a martyr. a son their proud of. translatiosz family, this man is a martyr. a son their proud of. translation: it was his mission to fight for the people of kashmir. there are a lot of atrocities committed against our brothers and sisters. he couldn't stand this. on the other side of this battle, more death, more grief. army man mockhtar was shot by militants when
he was at home on leave. kashmir is tired of this situation, his mother tells me. it's better to bomb this place and finish it once and for all. there's been a sharp increase in targeted killings of security personnel in recent months, with the death toll mounting on both sides. i ask a senior policeman what they're achieving. we cannot cannot sit and watch militants with weapons roaming villages, threatening people and gaining ground. we just villages, threatening people and gaining ground. wejust cannot afford to do that. we have to act. caught in the crossfire, civilians like this woman. a pregnant woman who was killed just outside her home. she leaves behind a family in despair. a daughter who is too scared to go outside of the house now. in village after village, there
are stories like these. in this trail of destruction, no family left untouched. yogita limaye, bbc news, in indian controlled kashmir. the uk labour leader, jeremy corbyn, has denied calling the british prime minister a stupid woman during prime minister's questions. he was caught on camera appearing to mouth the words during heated exchanges at the despatch box. —— prime minister's questions. it caused angry scenes in parliament. mr corbyn later returned to the commons and said he had in fact said stupid people. chief political correspondent vicki young reports. rowdy scenes in the house of commons, nothing new there, but this went way beyond the usual heated exchanges. speaker: order! calm down! asjeremy corbyn left the chamber, conservative mps accused him of misogyny, and this is what they'd witnessed minutes before. oh, yes, he is! oh, no, he isn't! theresa may with a seasonal pantomime—themed attack on the labour leader... look behind you! they're not impressed, and neither is the country.
jeremy corbyn looked furious, and then this... he insists he muttered "stupid people". plenty of others think he said "stupid woman." the prime minister's team had to quickly explain to her what they'd seen. everybody in this house, particularly in this 100th year of anniversary of women getting the vote, should be aiming to encourage women to come into this chamber. tory mps leapt to their feet. i saw it, sir. i saw him say it. he muttered words which were quite clearly visible, accusing the prime minister being a "stupid woman". disgraceful! conservative mps and ministers tried and failed to persuade the speaker to watch the video footage circulating on social media. then a jaw—dropping moment, as the speaker himself came under attack. ..why it is that when an opposition memberfound that you had called me a "stupid woman", you did not apologise in this chamber no, no, no...
mr bercow said he'd dealt with that matter months ago. all political parties say they want to do more to encourage women to take part in politics, but parliament has struggled to deal with accusations of sexism and inappropriate behaviour. today, jeremy corbyn found himself in the firing line. speaker: jeremy corbyn. this afternoon, he had to come back to the commons to explain himself to mps. i referred to those who i believe were seeking to turn a debate about the national crisis facing our country into a pantomime as "stupid people". mr speaker, i did not use the words "stupid woman". senior labour figures say this was a phoney row contrived by the conservatives. of course, everyone else will make up their own minds. vicki young, bbc news, westminster. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: how one republican mayor
in oil—rich texas is lighting up christmas with renewable energy. also on the programme: securing a safe login, your favourite pet or loved one may not be the best password choice. we'll have all the latest advice. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they brought a formal end to 3.5 years of conflict, conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off
from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm mariko oi in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: us forces are being withdrawn from syria, following president trump's declaration of victory over islamic state militants. the us central bank, the federal reserve, raises interest rates for the fourth time despite repeated demands by donald trump not to do so. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world.
the international edition of the new york times reports on whatjail time is like for ex—nissan boss carlos ghosn. the paper says the former car mogul, who faces charges of financial misconduct, is sleeping on a basic mat in his cell and can't contact his daughter. the daily telegraph leads on just 100 days to go until brexit. the paper reports a lack of progress in parliament between the major parties as mps prepare to take a 17—day holiday covering christmas and the new year. the financial times reports on the decision by the us federal reserve to raise interest rates for a fourth time this year. the paper says the us central bank defied donald trump because of slow economic growth aborad. now, to the dreaded password. we all know that we should make them as complicated as possible, but, with passwords becoming more widespread for all things online, you can be forgiven forfalling into bad habits. and a list has been published
of the top 100 worst. topping the list, as it did last year, is "123as." second place is simply, "password." and new in this year is "donald," after a certain president. morgan slain, chief executive of the cyber—security firm splash data, collated the information. he told me why people still make bad choices. it is human nature. we want what is simple, what is easy, what is familiar. those are all good things, but not when it comes to passwords. you really want to use something thatis you really want to use something that is complex and different, not easy to guess. yes, i suppose it is laziness on the part of the user. now, you have been doing this for a number of years. what is the worst offender when it comes to password use? people like numerical progression, so 123166 has been the
most popular in five years running, but the second one is funny, it is actually password then people have keyboard progressions, favourite sport teams, pet names, family names, things you really want to avoid. and why avoid them? just because they are so easy to guess, and that means that they will be cracked very easily by anybody who is trying to get into your login. yes, susceptible to the hackers out there, which is becoming an increasing problem. what is your advice then for that perfect password 7 advice then for that perfect password? well, just as you said in the intro, you always hear this advice about making passwords complicated with lots of different characters and thatjust makes them harder to remember. and so what we suggest is to create pass phrases. so as an example, liverpool is one of the most common passwords. so if you are a liverpool fan, maybe use a
pass phrase where you string some silly words together like "jump into liverpool" which is easy to remember and easy to type and creates a good password. and with that, should we think about uppercase, a numericals as well? yes, that all helps, although not as much as you think. so the list is increasingly showing passwords like" kwerty123", instead of just kwerty, and passwords like" kwerty123", instead ofjust kwerty, and password1 instead of just password, ofjust kwerty, and password1 instead ofjust password, but that doesn't add to the strength, so we suggest using a password manager or pass phrase as we talked about. let's talk about a password manager because some of the information is automatically stored in your handset, your mobile. is it a good thing, or is it still a problem if the handset is put in the wrong hands, if you see what i mean? sure, yes, and we get that question a lot,
so yes, and we get that question a lot, so password yes, and we get that question a lot, so password managers are yes, and we get that question a lot, so password managers are a pretty good solution to this problem. no solution is 100% secure, but it does make it a lot easier for you to manage different passwords. and the most important thing about password actually is to use different ones for different sites, because if you don't, then if you have one password compromised on one site, which is almost inevitable these days, then you have to escape in risk. a password manager application just makes it easier to have different passwords for different sites and you don't have to remember which ones you use where. ever since president trump pulled out of the paris climate agreement, the focus has shifted to what states and local communities are doing to combat climate change. leading that fight, you probably wouldn't expect to find a republican mayor in the state of texas. a majority of the people there voted for donald trump and it's a region where oil and gas reign supreme. but, as our north america correspondent aleem maqbool found, this christmas season is being lit with the environment in mind. when it comes to saving the planet,
donald trump's america has come underfire for donald trump's america has come under fire for not doing enough, donald trump's america has come underfire for not doing enough, but one little town is trying to go against the grain, thanks in part to its mayor. so here we are in georgetown, texas, in the beautiful town square, not only in taxes, but the united states of america i tell you. this is what heaven would look like at christmas. let me ask you, foran like at christmas. let me ask you, for an environmentalist, it doesn't like heaven, does it? it looks like it isa like heaven, does it? it looks like it is a huge waste of energy. what's going on here? it's not because we are 100% renewable energy, so all these wonderful lights, the whole downtown experience, is funded by wind and solar energy. as a from taxes, he is an unlikely climate change superhero. but under his watch, this town has become the largest town in the us to switch solely to rein renewable energy
companies. a windfarm in west texas and a massive solar park other suppliers of the town's power, but in the most conservative part of the country the majority of people also voted for this man. all of this with the global warning and that, a lot of it is a hoax, it is a hoax, it is a moneymaking industry, ok? this little sandwich shop in georgetown has its own solar panels and it appears that having a president who says he is not convinced about man's contribution to climate change is inspiring individuals to do their bit. i mean, you have to start somewhere and if you wait for someone else to do it is never going to happen. you have to do it yourself. that is the mayor's feeling too, but here intakes as he is seeing a campaign against him by members of his own party. you have these special interest groups that really go out and promote oil and gas interests and i am not their number one guy right now ok. they
don't like i am out there telling the truth had actuallyjust putting the truth had actuallyjust putting the facts out there. some of those critics say that because he and others are disrespecting the heritage of the state and the country by demonising the fossil fuel industries. a lot of what this state has seen and prospered from and what people have done for, you know, so long was oil. you know, you talk to people across the state and they say, well my grandpa was an oil man and when someone says oil was evil i think my grandpa was an evil. holiday season access in georgetown is at least powered by renewable energy and the town is trying to show you can be conservative in america and still care about the environment —— excess. it isjust that politics really doesn't make it easy. it was 175 years ago that one of charles dickens best loved —— it was 175 years ago that one of charles dickens‘ best loved stories, a christmas carol, was published. the story of scrooge, the miser who is forced to become
compassionate by ghosts was written to condemn the child poverty that dickens saw around him. the first edition immediately sold out, and the tale has captivated people ever since. one of his descendants has read from an original copy of the book to mark the anniversary, as david sillito reports. # god rest you merry gentleman... "marley was dead. to begin with, there was no doubt whatever about that. the register of his burial had been signed by the clerk." a christmas carol. simon callow is at the moment performing it onstage twice a day in this, its anniversary year. i'm holding this very gently because this is an original a christmas carol, published exactly 175 years ago and they all sold out within five days. and while it would be going too far to say dickens invented a victorian christmas, he certainly, for millions of us, defined what christmas should be. he certainly gave christmas a meaning which it hadn't had before. he says, "it's the only time in the long calendar of the year that i know of that men and women open their closed up hearts freely
and think of those below them as fellow passengers to the grave." a christmas carol, by charles dickens. who are you? what do you want? the story of scrooge and his night of ghostly encounters goes down through the generations. what do you want with me? much. there have over the years been 73 film and tv adaptations. and marking today's anniversary, a display at the london pall mall gallery. this lost portrait was rediscovered in south africa, much to the delight of charles dickens‘ great—great—great—granddaughter. this is what he looked like when he wrote a christmas carol. this is him at 31 years old. and the intensity of those eyes. when you think about the campaigning in this book, this is what dickens looked like when he was writing it. thejob now, raising the money to buy it for the dickens museum.
time perhaps for a bit of the spirit of a christmas carol. as tiny tim observed, "god bless us every one." david sillito, bbc news. merry christmas and happy holidays to you. you have been watching newsday. i'm babita sharma in london. and i'm mariko oi in singapore. don't go away. i will be back with the business news. yesterday we told you about japan's biggest the business news. yesterday we told you aboutjapan's biggest share listing and softbank‘s shares continue to fall now more than down 20% since the market debut. yes, more coming up 20% since the market debut. yes, more coming up on 20% since the market debut. yes, more coming up on asia business report. and, before we go, it was a secret kept from the world. the late us president george hw bush sponsored a filippino boy called timothy over a ten—year period to fund his education and meals. under the guise of george walker, the boy only learned of his mentor‘s identity when he left the scheme at the age of 17. he was completely stunned.
hello there. well, as you have heard, the run—up to christmas is set to be a fairly mild one with our aircoming in off set to be a fairly mild one with our air coming in off the atlantic. it's not going to be completely settled. there will be quite a bit of cloud and rain or showers at times. and a little bit of sunshine. on thursday we have low pressure in charge of the weather anchored to the north—west of the uk. and we will have a fair old breeze blowing in from the west and that will continue to feed in showers, most across southern and western areas early on thursday. the odd heavy one with many central and eastern parts seeing the longer dry spells to begin thursday. so we will have a split in temperatures. where you get the showers, a bit more cloud. southern and western areas have coverage is five to seven degrees. something cooler further north around scotland, maybe a touch of frost around some of the lens and mist and fog. for thursday morning it will be largely dry and bright across northern and eastern areas.
showers will get going across the west and maybe merge together to produce longer spells of rain, some could be quite heavy. it will be fairly blustery, particularly near southern and western coast. mild in the south, 10— 11 degrees, further north, these are typical temperatures in fact for the time of year. as we head through thursday night it stays quite breezy and shallow reef. for a time the showers ease down and then we will see some wet and windy weather arriving across the south—west —— showery. that's because the next frontal system that's because the next frontal syste m m oves that's because the next frontal system moves in across the southern half of the country through friday morning. so it could be quite wait for some. what it will do is import mild air crossed the southern half of the country as you can see. so first although it will be a drab start to friday with the standing water on the roads, the rain should clear it would. although its northern extent may linger on the parts of northern ireland, northern england, maybe southern scotland. so grey day here. to the north, call with sunshine and sunshine will move
in across england and wales. very mild, 11— 14 in across england and wales. very mild, 11— 1a degrees. —— cool. into the weekend saturday will be the dry day with the high pressure. then the weather fronts moving on sunday. day with the high pressure. then the weatherfronts moving on sunday. it isa weatherfronts moving on sunday. it is a bit ofa weatherfronts moving on sunday. it is a bit of a tale of two halves. showers to begin in northern and eastern areas. otherwise the ridge of high pressured building in. it should turn a little bit drier. the winds light, coming from the west, and a good deal of sunshine that italy further south and east where you are. ten to 12 degrees, very mild in the south. about nine or ten in the north. sunday looks wet and windy across the board as we head into monday. it looks like it could turn a little bit cooler in the north. i'm babita sharma with bbc news. our top story: president trump announces the total withdrawal of us troops from syria. the decision by the white house to pull out all of the remaining 2,000 american personnel is being criticised widely by republican leaders. the pentagon has also expressed its reservations. the us central bank, the federal reserve, has raised interest rates for a fourth time by 0.25%.
the decision comes in in the face of warnings by donald trump that it would be a mistake. and this distinctive style of art might be familiar to you. it appeared on a garage in the welsh town of port talbot and has been confirmed as street art from banksy. worth more than the building it was painted on, it's now been fenced off to protect it. that's all. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news, stephen sackur speaks to writer lee child on hardtalk.