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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 16, 2019 4:00am-4:31am BST

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this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories: president trump refuses to back down from his racist tweets, attacking four american congresswomen of colour. if you hate our country, if you are not happy here you can leave. as we know, this isjust a continuation of his racist and xenophobic playbook. we cannot allow this to distract us from the critical work to hold the administration accountable. european foreign ministers say tehran‘s breaches of the nuclear deal are not significant. in an exclusive interview with the bbc, iran's foreign minister says the world needs to avoid disaster.
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as donald trump has said, we were ten minutes away from war. groundbreaking research finds the origins of anorexia nervosa are in both the mind and the body. more than 50 hours of surgery, and extraordinary skill — a special report on the great ormond street team as they start a series of operations to separate these twins. first to washington, where the four democratic congresswomen told to "go back where from they came from" by president trump have accused him of violating his oaths and american values and trying to distract attention from failed policies. his remarks have been widely condemned. the four women say mr trump has been openly racist and that his attacks are part of a white
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nationalist agenda. despite the occupant of the white house's attempts to marginalise us and to silence us, please know that we are more than four people. we ran on a mandate to advocate for and represent those ignored, left out and left behind. our squad is big. our squad includes any person committed to building a more equitable and just world, and that is the work we want to give back to. and given the size of this squad, and this great nation, we cannot, we will not be silenced. a few hours ago the president added more fuel to the fire, taking to twitter again, saying: "if you are not happy here, you can leave! it is your choice, and your choice alone. this is about love for america." earlier he accused the congresswomen of hating the united states. if you're not happy here, then you can leave. as far as i'm concerned,
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if you hate our country, if you're happy here, you can leave. muted applause that's what i say all the time. that's what i said in a tweet, which i guess some people think is controversial. a lot of people love it, by the way. a lot of people love it. but if you're happy in the us, if you're complaining all the time, very simply, you can leave. you can leave right now. and the back and forth continues between the two major parties — here's democratic senate minority leader chuck schumer accusing republicans of making a "deal with the devil" by ignoring president trump's racist tweets. my republican friends, he is not backing off. where are you? when something this serious, this bigoted, this un—american happens? if you are saying to yourselves, "well, he got us a big tax cut, "well, he is taking regulations off big corporations, "well, he pulled out of the paris accords, "we have to go along with this
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racism," you are making a deal with the devil. the bbc‘s david willis is in washington. here's his assessment. it comes down now to an attempt by the president to frame next year's presidential election as a choice between a pro—capitalist american—loving president, and a bunch of socialists who hate the united states. the problem is, there are even those in his own party who don't go along with this, who don't like the rhetoric, and we have heard that nancy pelosi, the house speaker, is intending to table a motion calling for condemnation of president trump's remarks, and although we have seen some fairlyjunior republicans come out to attack these remarks by donald trump, there has been a deafening silence, you might say, from senior members of his own party. yes, the four democrats saying
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that he is trying to distract from failed policies, with the raids and deportations he threatened not happening this weekend, allegations of human rights abuses at the border, and he failed to get the citizenship question onto the census and also the epstein scandal, but he is also looking to exacerbate the tension between democrats. exactly, and i think what he has done is elevate the profile of these four congresswomen, one of whom, ilhan omar, the only one of the four who was born outside of the us, said this evening that the agenda of white nationalism has reached the white house. she went on to call for president trump to be impeached. and another of the four women, alexandria ocasio—cortez, recalled a comment by her father when he brought her here to washington, dc as a child, he said, "this country belongs to everyone."
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where do you see this going next, if it is possible to predict? i think president trump is intent on doubling down on this. i think there are a lot of senior republicans who don't have it in them to take him on, for the simple reason that he crushes opponents on twitter, but also because he is the most popular amongst the republican base that they have seen in a long time, as far as republicans are concerned, and he has the support of his base and there are a lot in the republican party, a lot of members, who think that that is what they need to cling to in order to get themselves across the line come the elections next year. mexico has objected to the trump administration's latest effort to stem the flow of central american migrants seeking asylum
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in the united states. from tuesday the united states will deny people from central america the right to claim asylum if they've already passed through another country without applying. iran's recent breaches of the international nuclear accord have been played down by the european union's top diplomat. in brussels, federica mogherini said the eu doesn't want to take steps that might lead to the collapse of the agreement. the us abandoned it last year, and imposed sweeping sanctions, prompting iran to begin reneging on the deal. gavin lee is in brussels for us. well, the eu is caught in the middle here. 28 foreign ministers meeting today to work out how they can keep the nuclear deal with iran, signed four years ago yesterday, in place when it looks increasingly volatile. with the us already having pulled out of that, trying to keep something together, and the americans wanting the eu to — what we heard from the us secretary of state in the past 2a hours — to agree unilaterally
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with the us and actually start to pull away from this thing. what we heard today from federica mogherini, the foreign affairs chief or the eu, she said the deal is not in good health, but it is still alive. it is not quite the 11th hour but she's not sure many days or months steel still has left. jeremy hunt, the prospective buyer ministerial candidate in the uk, the current foreign secretary, same within a year the iranians will be able to develop nuclear capability if they cannot keep the deal on the table. and the spanish, french and germans writing an open letter to the us and the iranians to urge calm and a level of peace in the debate. well iran's foreign minister mohammad javad zarif has been speaking to bbc hardtalk‘s zeinab badawi about the tensions in the region. he warns there's a risk his country
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could stumble into war. of course there is a possibility of accident, but we cannot leave our own neighbourhood. those who have come from outside have to decide why are they in that neighbourhood, and whether their presence in that neighbourhood is helping stability and security in that neighbourhood. how high do you think the possibility is of accidental war? as donald trump has said, we were ten minutes away from war because had they taken measures against iran, donald trump had been told that iran would be taking measures in self defence. what kind of measures would you have taken? i'm not a military man, so i'll leave that to the military. we've heard statements from iranian authorities that there have been attacks on countries such as saudi arabia and dubai, if there was any military action against them. we don't take blind action. anyone who is helping the us in its war against iran — the us is currently engaged in economic war against iran, and there are countries that
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are supplying the us with logistical support, with reconnaissance, and that means they are participating in the war. so we are not... so that could happen, you could target allies in the gulf? us allies? if there is a war, if there is a war that i don't think anyone will be safe in our region. let us all try to avoid one, we don't need a war. at least three million people have been displaced across north and north—eastern india as monsoon rains take lives and destroys homes. storms and floods have ripped through areas of nepal, bangladesh and india, killing more than 130 people. gareth barlow reports. southern asia underwater as the annual monsoon unleashes a deluge of rain.
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more than 100 people have been killed. with homes inundated and travel disrupted, more bad weather is on the way. translation: for four days there have been floods. we didn't get any relief or tarpaulin sheets. we are drinking water from the river. we ask the government to give us relief materials so we will survive. all of us are staying on this embankment with goats and cattle. across the region, millions have been displaced. in bangladesh, 18 people killed by lightning. in nepal, at least 67 killed by torrential rain. in india, more than 1800 villages swamped in one state alone. translation: the river is flowing above the danger level. every hour it is increasing 2—3cm, and there is a possibility of the water level rising further. the monsoon season lasts until september, meaning more rain and storms, more death and devastation.
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anorexia is an eating disorder that can destroy lives. teenage girls and young women are particularly vulnerable to what's long been considered a mental illness. but now scientists at kings college london say it may also be a partly physical illness too. new research showed that changes hardwired into people's dna alters the way they process fats and sugars, making it easierfor them to starve their bodies. our health correspondent, sophie hutchinson, reports. laura shah is in recovery from anorexia. she was diagnosed when she was 15 years old. she was so sick she had to be taken out of school and cared forfull—time at home. mentally, it was probably the most horrific thing i've been through. the trauma that you put yourself through, and just the mental torment every day, it does seem never—ending, and i can see why people struggle to recover from it. anorexia is largely considered to be a psychiatric illness, but a major new study suggests it may also be linked to metabolism,
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the way a person processes food and utilises energy. the dna of almost 17,000 patients across 17 countries was analysed by scientists. the metabolic picture we see in anorexia we don't fully understand yet. but it does seem that people with anorexia are genetically predisposed towards having a lower bmi, towards having lower body fat, towards having a decreased risk of type two diabetes, and towards having higher levels of good cholesterol. anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric illness. it is estimated to affect at least 43,500 women and girls in the uk, and 111,500 boys and men. 46% of those with the illness go on to recover. 33% eventually see symptoms improve. but for 20% of patients, treatments don't work, and they remain chronically ill.
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this is a symbol for eating disorder recovery... laura says she makes a daily effort to stay well, and this tattoo is her signal to do so. this research sheds light on why some people don't have internal signals. warning them when they are dangerously malnourished may help develop new treatments, and save lives. sophie hutchinson, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: he was the fourth man to walk on the moon, but how about alan bean's relatives back here on earth? we hear about life as an astronaut family. after months of talks and missed deadlines, a deal has been struck to keep greece within the eurozone. the immediate prospect of greece going bust, in the worst crisis to hit the eurozone, has been averted. emergency services across central
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europe are stepping up their efforts to contain the worse floods this century. nearly 100 people have been killed. broadway is traditionally called the great white way by americans, but tonight it's completely blacked out. it's a timely reminder to all americans of the problems that the energy crisis has brought to them. leaders meet in paris for a summit on pollution, inflation and third world debt. this morning, theyjoined the revolution celebrations for a show of military might on the champs—elysees. finally, wildlife officials in australia have been coping with a penguin problem. fairy penguins have been staggering ashore and collapsing after gorging themselves on a huge shoal of their favourite food — pilchards. some had eaten so much they could barely stand. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: four democratic congresswomen told by president trump to "go back"
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to their countries — have described his comments as a racist attempt to distract from his failing policies. europe says tehran‘s breach of the nuclear deal is not significant — iran's foreign minister says the us can avoid a war in an exclusive interview with the bbc. two years ago twin sisters safa and marwa were born in pakistan, joined at the head. it's a very rare condition. now surgeons at great ormond street hospital in london have successfully separated the girls, with surgery so complex it had to be performed in stages, with a huge team, over more than 50 hours. in the first of three reports this week, our medical correspondent fergus walsh and producer rachael buchanan have had exclusive access to the family and the surgery. joined at the head, safa and marwa have never seen each other. this is the start of an incredible journey, aimed at giving them independence.
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it's october, 2018, at great ormond street hospital. their mum has been praying for this day for nearly two years. safa and marwa are what's known as craniopagus twins. their skull is one long tube. it's incredibly rare. the 21—month—old girls have separate brains, but these are misshapen. one, two, three and come up. the surgery is so complex, it will happen in three stages over several months. the twins won't be physically separate until the final operation. so we can see the artery, but to do anything to it, we'll use the microscope. each twin is supplying the other‘s brain with blood. cutting these connections is dangerous, and will take two operations to complete. so the artery from safa going to supply marwa's brain has been clamped. the twins have been in theatre now
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for more than seven hours, and there's still seven hours of the operation to go. the twins are from pakistan. ideally the surgery should have been done a year earlier, when healing ability is strongest, but there were delays finding a donor to pay the medical costs. despite the risks, the family and doctors believe it is right to go ahead. if we felt there wasn't a high chance we could do it safely, we would be thinking carefully about whether we should do it or not. and i think the whole team feel that there's an excellent chance of a successful separation here. a month after the first operation, the twins are back in theatre. surgeons have to finish separating their shared blood vessels. there's something oozing deep down there that i can't see at the moment. but marwa's heart begins to fail. they fear losing her. do you have a pulse or not? we're not stable, but we are less unstable.
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good enough for me. the crisis passes. because marwa is the weaker twin, the surgeons give her a major blood vessel, to increase her chances of survival. but it disadvantages safa. shortly after the 20—hour operation, she has a stroke. we were very close to losing her. she stayed in that critical state for a8, 72 hours after the surgery. it was a very difficult time for the girls, their families, and the entire team looking after them. but, after a lengthy time in intensive care, both twins pulled through. the next challenge will be to separate the girls. fergus walsh, bbc news. the chief of the world health organisation has said the confirmation of an ebola disease victim inside the crowded congolese city of goma could be a game—changer — requiring a heightened global response.
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goma is a major trade crossroads and sits right on the border with rwanda. more than 1600 people have died of the disease in eastern congo in the outbreak that began a year ago. it's now the second biggest outbreak ever. here's more from the bbc‘s gaius kowene is the capital kinshasa. the patient is a pastor who travelled to the town of butembo, which is one of the epicentres of the ebola outbreak and there, he taught worshippers during prayers. now, he had been showing symptoms last week and was taken care of at home by a nurse. on his way to goma, he changed his name on papers so that it was very difficult for health officials to track him as he was trying to conceal his identity. when he arrived in goma on sunday, he went to a health clinic where lab results proved that he had the ebola virus. he was directly put in isolation and 18 people who travelled with him in the same buss were identified and will be vaccinated as soon as possible.
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right now as we are speaking, this pastor has been sent back to butembo, where he was contaminated and he was taken there in a bio secure room, some sort of special ambulance, that means that the risk of the ebola outbreak being propagated in goma or spreading to rwanda is very low now. on the rwandan side, the health officials have already vaccinated health workers along the border, and have deployed their teams reinforcing security both on legal and illegal points of entry at the border. anti—terrorism police in northern italy have seized an air—to—air missile and other sophisticated weapons in raids on far—right extremist groups. neo—nazi propaganda was also seized, and 3 people arrested. the raids are part of an investigation into how the italian far—right is helping separatist forces in eastern ukraine, who are also backed by russia. the apollo 11 mission paved the way
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for space exploration. apollo 12 was the first to follow, in november 1969. on board that rocket was astronaut alan bean, the 11th man to walk on the moon. his wife and daughter have been speaking to the bbc about life as an astronaut‘s family. newsreel: men were leaving the earth to land on the ocean of storms. my father is alan bean and he was the lunar module pilot on apollo 12, fourth man to walk on the moon. he was not your typical astronaut. he didn't come across as super macho, although he was super macho, but he was more introverted and artistic. alan was such a dedicated pilot, and a dedicated astronaut and really a dedicated american. our neighbourhood was very close to nasa. everyone was either an engineer, flight controller or a physician. our neighbourhood had a very focused goal. we didn't really think
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about it that much. ijust knew he was training to go into space. launch date was very exciting. it was a rainy day. we huddled together — my mother, my grandmother and my brother and i. he trained 7.5 years. we were just excited it was finally going to happen. we'd been waiting for so long. mission control: three, two, one, zero. all engines running. commence lift off. when it goes, the birds fly. there's so much noise, and the ground shakes. we just went on to school, because that's what we were supposed to do. mum tried to keep our normal routine as kids. of course, we were enjoying the moment and being there, but we had to keep doing what we were supposed to do, and that was important to our dad. you always have in the back of your mind that something could go wrong. and he told me, "remember, i'm doing what i always loved,
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so don't worry." and i did have great confidence in his skill. we'd rather he did what he loved even if it had a big risk. astronaut: i can't believe it, amazing! astronaut: start the countdown, go for landing. the day that he landed on the moon, it was about 12:30pm houston time, and we were alljust sitting around watching the tv and hoping for the best. no—one else can tell you, "i love you to the moon and back" and really mean it, and i know that that was true. so often he would say... how his thoughts would drift back to his family. when he was on the moon, he looked up and saw that earth and thought, "gosh, everybody i love is over there."
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when they first got home, he had lost a lot of weight. he was a finicky eater, and that space food was not his thing. you know, he didn't talk about it a lot when he came home. not because he wasn't proud or anything, but he just wanted to be with his family, you know? when you see somebody that's been working so hard and has such a dream, wejust knew how hard he'd worked. and we had too. both of my parents, you know, they made a lot of sacrifices. he really did love us to the moon and back, and i think he's still up there thinking about us. life as an astronaut ‘s family, there is much more all the news for you any time on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me
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and most of the team on twitter — i'm @bbcmikeembley. hello again. we'll take a look at the weather picture through tuesday, and i think there's going to be quite a bit of cloud in the sky first thing in the morning, because this is what's going on at the moment. we've got a stripe of cloud in the west. this is a weather front that's going to be pushing eastwards. as it does so, it is all the time pushing into an area of high pressure, so the front itself is going to be a weak affair, but it will provide the focus for some showers. now, for northern ireland and also for scotland, expect some showers running in here over the next few hours, so it might be worth taking a waterproof jacket with you or an umbrella if you're heading outside over the next few hours. there is also the chance of some shower developments in north wales and north—west england, but otherwise, across eastern england, eastern scotland, it's going to be a dry morning. now, through the rest of the day, those showers in northern ireland and scotland will continue
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on and off through the morning. as the heat of the day builds further southwards, we'll see further shower development across wales, northern england, and perhaps the midlands as well. some of the heavier showers could be across more eastern portions of england, perhaps across the pennines, somewhere like that. but towards the south—east, it's going to be a fine, sunny afternoon, feeling warm and humid, temperatures up to 27. but more typically, temperatures for most areas low to mid 20s. now, looking at the low pressure into the middle part of the week, an area of low pressure is going to be moving off the atlantic, ultimately pushing a band of rain in, with strengthening north—westerlies as well. so turning wet for northern ireland and western scotland through the morning. a dry start for eastern scotland and for england and wales on wednesday, with some morning sunshine. things will tend to cloud over as the day goes by, with the rain getting into western fringes of england and wales, and across into eastern scotland as well. now, to the east of our weather front, that's where the highest temperatures are going to be. we'll still be reaching temperatures of around 25 for norwich and london, still feeling rather humid,
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but ultimately that weather front will push through. it's a cold front, and it will be bringing that fresher air right the way across the country by the time we get to thursday. so thursday's a day of rain clearing, followed by some drier weather and sunshine for england and wales. showers moving into northern ireland and scotland and perhaps northern england as well. the showers quite widespread, heavy, and likely to be thundery at times too. temperatures high teens across northern areas, 23, 2a degrees in the warmest spots further south. what about the end of the week? well, another area of low pressure looks set to move in, but there's a lot of uncertainty how far north or south this one's going. some models take it north, some move it right the way across southern parts of england and wales. either way, it looks like it's going to be unsettled for some of us, at least, through friday and on into the weekend, with rain at times. that's your latest weather.
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this is bbc news, the headlines four democratic congresswomen told by president trump to "go back where they came from" have described his comments as a racist attempt to distract from his failing policies. he has again taken to twitter, accusing them of hating america. the democratic minority leader in the senate, chuck schumer, has said republicans are making a "deal with the devil" by ignoring president trump's racist tweets. the significance of iran's breaches of the international nuclear accord have been played down by the european union's top diplomat. and in an exclusive interview — iran's foreign minister has warned that there's a risk his country could stumble into war with the united states. at least three million people have been displaced across north and north—eastern india as monsoon rains take lives and destroy homes. storms and floods have ripped through parts of nepal, bangladesh and india, killing more than 130 people.

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