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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  July 16, 2019 5:00pm-6:01pm BST

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today at five: an inquestjury concludes the london bridge attackers were lawfully killed by police. the jury heard how the three men killed eight people in a ten—minute period, as police and members of the public tried to stop them. the bravery of those who tried to intervene was praised by the metropolitan police commissioner the response of the people of and in this city was to come together, to help each other, to protect each other and to stand against the hatred of the attackers. we'll have the latest from the old bailey. the other main stories on bbc news at five: as president trump insists he doesn't have a racist bone in his body, the row about his remarks to four congresswomen continues.
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we speak to leading civil rights activist reverend jesse jackson. five, four, three, two, one. zero, all engines running. left off, we have a lift off! 50 years since the launch of apollo 11, the start of a voyage that would put man on the moon and redefine humanity's view of space. i was always asked, wasn't i the loneliest person in the whole lonely history of the whole lonely solar system when i was by myself in that lonely orbit? and the answer was no, i felt fine. scotland has the highest drug death rate in the eu, with an increase of 27% from the previous year. the battle to save conjoined twins safa and marwa. the bbc gets remarkable access to a ground—breaking series series of operations at great ormond street hospital to separate the pair.
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killing eve and fleabag get multiple nominations in this year's emmy awards, which recognise excellence in television. it's five o'clock, our main story. a jury at the inquest into the deaths of the three men who carried out the london bridge attack injune 2017 has concluded they were lawfully killed by armed police. youssef zaghba, khuram butt and rachid redouane were shot dead by firearms officers after a ten—minute rampage in which the attackers killed eight people and injured 48 more. for the first time, the bbc can show footage of the moment unarmed police and members of the public came face to face with the three attackers, moments before they were shot dead. here's our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford,
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and a warning — his report includes footage which some viewers may find distressing. borough market, famous for its restaurants, but that night men armed with knives were looking for victims. come back, come back! an unarmed pc ran to within a few metres of them, before backing off. straightaway, i see that he has a vest, or suicide belt. you just have no tools to fight with that kind of dangers, so we made a decision to withdraw. go through there. run. "get trojan," one officer shouts. a police term for firearms specialists. run. run. get to the car. but for some reason, the attackers don't follow them further. a man on a bike tries to get the police‘s attention,
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and the officers decide to go back and find the attackers. police, police! i guess we are police officers, so we have to do something. firearms officers have to know where to go, so at least we have to know where they are. i think we just had to circulate where they are, it is no good not having any eyes on them. so, yeah, we just i guess followed them back into the market, back down the road, not quite sure where they'd gone. at that point, two bakers also joined the chase, armed only with plastic crates and a broom. stay there! the plan — to distract the attackers to stop them stabbing any more people. stay there! paul clarke, who's filming it all, tells his family to stay back. they'd seen several people stabbed in front of them in a restaurant. but he also follows to keep an eye on the attackers.
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siren that siren — the sound of the firearms officers arriving. gunfire i sort of dived myself one way into a shutter, cos i was stood there perfectly in line, there was like me and one of the attackers and the firearms officers. quite lucky not to have been shot myself. gunfire what the bleep's going on here? the firearms officers left their vehicle so quickly that no—one put the handbrake on, and it rolled into some chairs as the attackers fell to the floor and two unarmed officers stepped forward to handcuff the suspects — worried about the possible suicide belts. i think if i had time to think about what i was doing, maybe i wouldn't have done it. i had one thought, and that was people's lives needed to be saved and if they were real, then we are all in proper trouble.
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the officer who ran the investigation into the attack thinks the bravery of both the public and police officers that night was extraordinary. we know that attacks will happen across the globe, but, actually, you know, the great british public will stand up to that, they won't tolerate it and actually they do amazing things, like run towards that threat when it happens. the three men murdered eight people. but all through their rampage, people tried to stop them. without that bravery, the attackers could have killed many more. our correspondent daniela relph is live outside the old bailey for us now. the metropolitan police commissioner has been speaking in the last hour oi’ has been speaking in the last hour orso, has been speaking in the last hour or so, hasn't she? what did she have to say? that is right, cressida dick came outside the old bailey here to give his views on what had happened
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straight after the verdict had been delivered. she was also in court earlier, and in terms of those verdicts of unlawful killing, they we re verdicts of unlawful killing, they were the only verdicts available to thejury were the only verdicts available to the jury because earlier in the day the jury because earlier in the day the coroner had said to the jury that it was the only possible verdict that they could come too. —— those verdicts of lawful killing. in deciding that this was lawful killing, what the jury and a coroner was saying is that the police officers who shot dead the three attackers that night had used rightfulforce, attackers that night had used rightful force, lawful attackers that night had used rightfulforce, lawfulforce, attackers that night had used rightful force, lawful force, and what they were doing was acting in self defence to protect themselves and also protect the members of the public who weigh in such terrible danger that evening. as you say, cressida dick, the metropolitan police commissioner, came out afterwards to speak about the bravery of her office that evening. i welcome today's verdicts that the armed officers who confronted and shot the three attackers acted lawfully. i want to pay tribute
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to the tremendous courage and professionalism they showed that night. faced with an appalling and confused scene, they acted calmly, quickly, decisively and in accordance with the training. there is no greater responsibility for an officer than having to make the split—second decision whether or not to use lethal force. and cressida dick went on to say that the dreadful events that day had shown at the very worst of humanity but had also shown the very best as well. reeta. and this has been a long running inquest, just talk us through some of the most important moments in your mind. that is right, the
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inquest has been going on for two weeks, and there has been some really harrowing, difficult evidence that the jurors here have really harrowing, difficult evidence that thejurors here have had really harrowing, difficult evidence that the jurors here have had to sit through. they have also had a visit, they went to borough market, because they went to borough market, because the coroner felt it was really important that they saw where events had happened. the streets are so narrow and contained there around london bridge, it gave the jury an immediate sense of how difficult it was for the police to try to navigate what was going on that evening. we have also heard, of course, from the firearms officers, the men who had to immediately come ina the men who had to immediately come in a split second, make the decision to shoot the attack is dead. within ten seconds of arriving at the scene, the three men had been shot dead. so over the past two weeks we have seen a flavour of the very difficult decisions that the police have to make in what they had described as a marauding terrorist attack. 0k, daniela, many thanks for
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that, our correspondent daniela relph at the old bailey. the number of drug—related deaths in scotland rose to its highest level ever last year. it's now nearly three times that of the uk as a whole, and means that scotland has a higher proportion of drug deaths than the us, or any other country where figures are available. it's also the first time in scotland that more people died from drugs than alcohol. from glasgow, james shaw reports. when i think of all the drugs i've taken over the years, there's no crying left, i've run out of tears. an open—mic event for drug users in dundee. sylvia fox started taking drugs at the age of iii. now she only uses the heroin substitute methadone and recognises that her addiction caused a lifetime of risk—taking. once i was found in the street, just in the middle of the road. i must have been walking and then collapsed. and then the other time
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i was in the house and i had again injected, i think it was morphine at that stage, and i had od'ed. last year, dundee had the highest rate of drug deaths. but the problem affects all scotland's major cities. in areas like this piece of waste ground in the centre of glasgow, the chaotic nature of drug use does start to become apparent. there were 1187 drug—related deaths in scotland last year, which means the death rate in scotland is nearly three times that of the uk as a whole. for the first time, deaths from drugs in scotland have overtaken deaths from alcohol. the scottish government says it is a very troubling situation. i'm absolutely determined to use the powers that we have at our disposal to make a difference here, but the evidence is that actions like the safer consumption rooms will make a difference,
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will save lives, so i think we should follow the evidence, and i really would encourage the uk government to work with us in order to make that happen. the boss of one organisation which supports drug users is a former deputy chief constable and now wants some decriminalisation. enabling some of the things that at the moment we cannot do around drug testing, around indeed treatment centres and the like, would be sensible, progressive measures that would enable us to have a more effective approach to drug harms than we are currently able to do under the current framework. that may be a controversial view. but demands for change are likely to become harder to ignore. james shaw, bbc news, dundee. joining me now is the chief reporter of the daily record newspaper, who has been leading their campaign to
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decriminalise drugs in scotland. thanks so much forjoining us on bbc news, could you just described the situation as you say it, and maybe tell viewers what is it about scotla nd tell viewers what is it about scotland that makes this problem unique in that nation? well, this isn't something that has just appeared, this has been creeping up, and there has been more attention paid to it year on year, because in the last ten years or so drug deaths in scotland have doubled, so it has already been identified as a crisis, at the daily record we identified this as a crisis about five years ago, and we intensified the stories we write about it, thousands and thousands of words about this as it gets worse. the particular reason that scotland has so many more drug deaths than the rest of the uk is the way you take drugs. we take very dangerous drugs, and we mix those drugs, where you might makes heroin and methadone with alcohol, or with
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street drugs, or prescription drugs. that is a very deadly thing, and thatis that is a very deadly thing, and that is the scottish cows that we have just now. street drugs, that is the scottish cows that we havejust now. street drugs, in particular, are rife, they cost £50 per pill, and they are produced in scotla nd per pill, and they are produced in scotland by the million. —— 50p. that is possibly one of the biggest things we have to address. so the figures for drug—related deaths have gone up by over a quarter year on year, so this is a problem that is just perpetuating itself. well, if you are already the top of the league for drug deaths in europe, vying to be the worst in the world, it is very difficult to put on a double—digit increase, but scotland has managed to do 27%. i would suggest that means things are way out of control. how would you assess the performance of the police in terms of catching those who are behind the illegal trade? you talked about drugs being manufactured in
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scotland. well, they had a very big result, it came to the high court in glasgow in december last year, and they found a drugs gang who were churning out 25,000, or 250,000 pills an hour at full capacity. there were around two million pills at this factory in paisley, and they we re at this factory in paisley, and they were jailed, but there are many other factories like that, and police are not getting to them. i do not think you can crack these gangs and break them all down, when you can self really get the ingredients to make these drugs and get presses to make these drugs and get presses to make these drugs and get presses to make them, and you can do it in a room, to make them, and you can do it in a room , you to make them, and you can do it in a room, you could produce1 million pills in a problem, no problem, from a council house, so i don't think the police are the answer. and just briefly, you are calling for drugs to be decriminalised, why is that?
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well, we have seen evidence from other countries, notably in canada, portugal, i went to portugal and spain, and they are firmly of the belief that they have had great benefits from decriminalising. quite a variety of measures you can go for in decriminalisation, some produce de facto, not putting people through the criminal justice de facto, not putting people through the criminaljustice system if they are addicted to drugs, i would like to see something more formal, like in portugal, where if you come to the attention of the police and you are in possession of drugs, you don't have a drug problem, you will still be fined, you won't have a criminal record, and it might deter you. but if you are a drug addict, you. but if you are a drug addict, you will be diverted compulsorily to some treatment, and you will be immediately speaking to people who understand your problem and will decide what kind of measures will help you. i would like to see that formalised in scotland, because we are now worse than portugal ever was. ok, going to have to leave it there, thanks for talking to us,
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mark mcgivern, chief reporter of the daily record. four democratic congresswomen have described donald trump's comments — that they should go back to their countries of origin — as a racist attempt to distract from his failing policies. they are all us citizens, and three of them were born there. the women held a news conference last night accusing the president of following a white nationalist agenda. this afternoon, president trump again took to twitter saying, "those tweets were not racist" and "i don't have a racist bone in my body." "the so—called vote to be taken is a democrat con game." and that "republica ns should not show weakness and fall into their trap." "this should be a vote on the filthy language, statements and lies told by the democrat congresswomen." the president goes on to say that he believes the congresswomen "based on their actions, hate our country, 0mar is polling at 8%, cortez at 21%." "nancy pelosi tried to push them away, but now they are forever wedded to the democrat party." "see you in 2020!"
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let's go to chicago now and speak to the civil—rights activist the reverend jesse jackson. thank you so much forjoining us on bbc news, reverend jackson. you were never going to say i to eye with donald trump on probably countless issues, but have these latest comments of his surprise do at all in their ferocity? well, his theory is make america out white again, trying to resist the colouring of america by multiethnic peoples around the world. we must not respond to his call for racism with corresponding, for example, it is these congresswomen, it is 12 black women, not four, it is others that he attacks, and while he attacks these women, he is slow to challenge
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these women, he is slow to challenge the president of the philippines, of turkey, put in macro, so we would not let him keep this narrow focus. and the issue of ice chasing down people who are undocumented, there are 13 million undocumented in america, 13 million, not latin american, they are french, european, eastern european, they are russian, they are jewish, 13 eastern european, they are russian, they arejewish, 13 million, teachers, doctors, lawyers. so he is using race to divide and to conquer. we must not allow him to do it. so you are of the opinion this is a very deliberate tactic, this is not a spontaneous expression of anger, this is a tactic and a strategy. a spontaneous expression of anger, this is a tactic and a strategym he can keep the focus on four women as opposed to 13, plus president merkel and may, if you can focus on latin america as opposed to 13 million people, silicon valley once
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workers from asia and india, silicon valley, apple, amazon and the like, the canadians who come across the border, the french, the german, most americans, most undocumented people are infact americans, most undocumented people are in fact white. he believes that the president was from africa. he believes in a racist hierarchy. the president was from africa. he believes in a racist hierarchylj wonder believes in a racist hierarchy.” wonder what you think the reaction of some of the people who he is attacking should be. alexandra 0casio—cortez has retorted to president trump, saying he doesn't have a racist bone in his body, she said, he has a racist mind and a racist heart. should she resist reacting in that way, in the same sort of language that he is using? she said that in her personal words,
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but the more she talks, the more it fades the ready—made for his followers. racial division is easy to accomplish in this country, so we must not let him focus on the four women, focus on the 12 women. women of strength and character, people like put in macro he tends to embrace, that is strange, why lindsey graham said the most vile things about trump, being unfit and unqualified, but he has apparently discovered something and he is now the leading voice to support this, but to see children in cages is immoral and disgraceful, hillary clinton won by 3 million votes in 2016, won by 9,000,020 20, we will defeat donald trump. donald trump
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said that there will be many people who agree with him when he called for people who are not happy with america to go back to their countries, now like that or not, there probably aren't many people who agree with him, so what is the tactic to overcome him politically? they said that about doctor king, love america or leave it, he chose to change it. the same with nelson mandela, love south africa or leave it, they made him a martyr. that is a suggestion that is without foundation. it is a political game he is playing, a dangerous game, the same guy who says a mexican judge is not fit to be a judge because they are mexican, says that we should ban muslims, we should not support nato, we should allow russia to be more aggressive in europe. it is notjust politics, it is also sick, some of
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his stuff seems to be notjust political but also mental. there is a sickness here that we must not ignore. 0k, we are going to have to leave it there, the reverend jerry jesse jackson, thank you very much for your time, thank you for talking to us on bbc news. exactly 50 years ago today, the mission which took man to the moon for the first time — apollo 11 — was launched. four days later, neil armstrong and buzz aldrin made history by setting foot on the lunar surface, a feat watched live by nearly a billion people on television back on earth. events commemorating this extraordinary achievement will this week focus on the kennedy space centre in florida, where the vast saturn rocket took off in on this day, july 16th, 1969. 0ur science correspondent pallab ghosh reports. for generations, it inspired our ancestors. today was the day that humanity
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would aim to reach the moon. apollo launch control, t minus three hours... neil armstrong, buzz aldrin and mike collins set off on this most dangerous of missions — entering a rocket with the explosive power of a small atom bomb, they themselves thought they only had a 50% chance of making it back. engines on. five, four, three, two, one, zero. all engines running. we have lift—off. with a roar, the saturn v rocket lifts beautifully into the sky. just 12 minutes later, the astronauts are in orbit and on their way. in a few days, apollo 11 arrives at its destination. the lunar lander, eagle, separates from the command module. but as eagle approaches the lunar surface, armstrong notices that the spacecraft is off course
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and headed not for the preplanned landing site, but terrain littered with dangerous boulders. the flight director asks his control team to call out whether it was go or no go for landing. 0k, all flight controllers, go—no for landing — retro. go. guidance. go! so the mission continues, but then an alarm sounds in the lunar module. with just minutes to go before landing, the computer on the eagle, primitive by today's standards, crashes. neil armstrong has to take manual control and, with fuel running low, brings the spacecraft down. tranquility base here — the eagle has landed. roger, tranquility, we copy you on the ground, you got a bunch of guys about to turn blue — we're breathing again! neil armstrong then makes his descent on to the lunar surface. i'm going to step off the lem now. and uttered the words that would revereberate through history for ever more.
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that's one small step for man. 0ne...giant leap for mankind. along with buzz aldrin, the astronauts planted america's flag. 50 years ago, when the space programme was in full swing, the world was divided. there were wars and conflicts all across the globe. but when the astronauts first set foot on the moon, it seemed for a moment in time the whole world came together. there was a sense that all things were possible, that if humanity put aside its differences, it could achieve anything. buzz aldrin, the second man to set foot on the moon, looks back on this mission with pride, but also some anger, because we haven't been back for so long. 50 years ago, the saturn v took the command module, the lunar module,
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three of us to the moon. we landed, explored, got back up again, rendezvoused, came back. that's 50 years of non—progress. i think we all ought to be a little ashamed that we can't do better than that. but others are more optimistic that we'll be back sooner rather than later. 0ur ambitions have changed. after the apollo programme, we'd done what they'd set out to do, we had got a man to the moon. i think the difference now is we don't want to just go to the moon and come back. we want to go back to the moon and survive and colonise for a longer period of time. neil armstrong came back to his home town to a hero's welcome. his missing inspired a generation. the moon landings showed that, working together, humanity can achieve whatever we set our minds to.
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palla b pallab ghosh, bbc news. 0ur correspondent jane 0'brien is at cape canaveral in florida — from where apollo 11 blasted off on its way to the moon. you know, reeta, you were mentioning 500 million people watched the original left off 50 years ago, many people also witnessed that moment, they came back here today to relive their memories, but of course only three men on board know what it was actually like to feel the power of a massive rockets like the one behind me actually blast them into space, and one of the highlights was hearing from one of those astronauts, michael collins, described how it felt. i was always asked, wasn't i the loneliest person in the whole lonely history of the whole lonely solar system when i was by myself in that lonely orbit? and the answer was no,
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i felt fine, i had been flying airplanes by myself, being aloft in a vehicle was no novelty, i trusted my surroundings, i was very happy to be where i was and to see this complicated mission unfold. everybody remembers the actual moon landing and neil armstrong's first steps on the lunar surface, but the star of the show today is definitely the satin v rocket, because we are celebrating today the launch of apollo 11, and in alabama it is a particularly special day because thatis particularly special day because that is where the rocket was developed, and to mark the occasion they have been firing off thousands of many saturn v rockets into the air, and in washington, dc they have been projecting an enormous image of it on to the washington monument, a well done, saturn v! back to you,
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reeta. jane 0'brien, many thanks. voting is under way to choose the next head of the european commission. earlier, the nominee ursula von der leyen faced jeers in the parliament when she said she'd be willing to extend the brexit deadline beyond 0ctober if she's voted in. however, i stand ready for a further extension of the withdrawal date should more time be required for a good reason. let's talk to damian grammaticas, who's in strasbourg for us now. just interpret that reaction to her comments? what she got was some billing from brexit party meps who would not want to see the uk state in the uk for any longer but also
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cheering in the chamber from in the uk for any longer but also cheering in the chamberfrom pro—eu members here the support that kind of pragmatic approach that she laid out which would be the idea of giving the uk more time. she said if necessary , giving the uk more time. she said if necessary, if there was a reason to do so but she also laid out clearly the fact that she backs the current withdrawal agreement as it stands because she said it was vital to preserve the rights of citizens affected by brexit both you and uk and to protect peace and security on the island of ireland. so no sign that she is head of the european commission if she is confirmed would deviate at all from the eu current position and thinking. what we do not know is if she will be confirmed because this vote happening right 110w because this vote happening right now in parliament is unclear, we do not know if she will get 50% plus one of the backing of meps because the green party are unsure about her environment policy, socialists unhappy that their candidate was
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overlooked and she may not be able to cobble together enough support. we will hear the result in the coming few minutes. and of course we will bring you that. now it's time for a look at the weather with ben rich. good afternoon we got up to 27 degrees today in london in the best of the sunshine. we did have some cloudy weather around and this evening most of us should see at least some clear spells. if you're out looking for that partial lunar eclipse leisure on that is good news for the but there will be clad across northern ireland and western scotla nd across northern ireland and western scotland bringing rain by morning. we have quite a brisk southerly wind as well and even further south and east across the eastern half of england it will stay dry but we do
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have more cloud cover telling that sunshine more hazy. a brisk wind up towards the north—west so cooler here. warm towards the east and the south—east and turning cooler for eve ryo ne south—east and turning cooler for everyone by thursday and more wet weather to come on friday. this is bbc news. the headlines. a jury concludes that the three men who carried out the london bridge attack were lawfully killed by the police — as the bravery of those who tried to stop them is praised by the met police commissioner. five, four, three, two, one. 50 years since the launch of apollo 11 — the start of a voyage that would put man on the moon — and redefine humanity's view of space. scotland has the highest drug death rate in the eu — with an increase of 27% from the previous year.
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time for a look at all the sport now withjohn watson. former england captain andrew strauss has given pace bowler jofra archer his backing to make the step up to test cricket in the ashes. archer was one of england's star players at the world cup win. he was born in barbados and only qualified to play for england just before the tournament began and that was only as a result in a change of eligibility rules. strauss says england should have no hesitation in picking the paceman. if he is fit enough to get to the test match, he gives us something we would not otherwise have. he isjust so would not otherwise have. he isjust so good! for 24—year—old he is so good and so composed. i struggle to think of another player that has had the impact he has had in a short period of time. rory mcilroy says he hopes to give the home fans something to cheerfor as he prepares for the open championship at royal portrush. northern ireland will stage
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the open for the first time in 68 years this week. mcilroy says the emotion could get to him if he won. i am proud that i might have contributed to getting the championship to northern ireland. the success of darren clarke as well. i think that is part of the reason why they wanted to come here. and all the people in portrush that have done a fantasticjob to bring this championship here. it's spectacular. it's certainly a different golf course than i grew up playing, it's tougher, it's bigger. i have been looking at pictures on social media and the place looked stunning. northern ireland have suffered another humbling defeat at the netball world cup — thrashed by new zealand in their latest group game. kate grey has been watching at the liverpool arena and kate — the gulf in class between
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the world number 4 and world number 8 plain to see? new zealand looked to be in a class of their own in this match and northern ireland had to suffer another big defeat. they've only won one match survivors tournament for the bed and put up a strong battle, they did not give up to give them credit and they had their best scoreline in the final quarter but new zealand are a very athletic team, their experience, they have brilliant players in centre court. and no real pressure from northern ireland so i think they will be slightly disappointed, but hope to finish in the top eight but that will not be the case considering the amount of losses that had pulled up there is an obvious difference between the likes of new zealand in the top teams and some of the smaller nations helping to develop but northern ireland are a young tea m but northern ireland are a young team and they will have to move forward from this tournament and figure out how they can get a bit
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closer. and australia are in action against mullally. they have a huge lead as well, is this affecting the tournament? for a long time australia and new zealand dominated the netball world scene and it seemed as if they would never be caught but then that is changed in the last few years and england won the last few years and england won the commonwealth games last year it anything can happen. jamaica are seeded number two so some more teams closing down on the likes of new zealand and australia but when it comes to sex, seventh, eighth and beyond there still a big gap and that comes down to funding for the smaller teams, then accessing the professional leagues and that is a concern when you see that some teams are winning by a0 goals for head coach hear this alexander from australia said that the format of the tournament needs to be looked at for the five consecutive games of matches is not the best way for some of these teams to put out high quality netball so the international
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federation really need to look at how this tournament has gone from the bigger picture and consider if this is the best quality netball they can get. we'll have more for you in sportsday at half past six. exactly 50 years ago today, the mission which took man to the moon for the first time — apollo 11 — was launched. four days later, neil armstrong and buzz aldrin made history by setting foot on the lunar surface, a feat watched live by nearly a billion people on television back on earth. all week we're taking you through the key moments of the 1969 moon landing. on this day 50 years ago, the astronauts had already left the earth's orbit and were heading towards the moon. here's rebecca morelle to explain how. at this moment apollo 11 is nearly 35,000 miles out from earth and heading for the moon at 7000 miles an hour. the crew are going to be a little bit less cold than we thought they were going to be. just now mission control asked them, why the long
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period of radio silence? and they answered, that was not radio silence, that was a sandwich in my mouth! that was the presenterjames burke in the specially built bbc tv studio which we have recreated here. by this point in the astronauts' journey they were well underway. the third stage of the rocket has fired for a second time, pushing the spacecraft out of earth orbit and on its course to the moon. once on track, the command and service module colombia, which is where the astronauts are, turns 180 degrees and docks with the lunar module, eagle. the rest of the third stage detaches and floats away into space. the spacecraft continues on to the moon. apollo 11, this is houston. do you read, over? can you hear me? this is mike. loud and clear, mike. we understand you are docked. affirmative.
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michael collins there confirming to mission control that the command module had successfully docked with the lunar module. joining me now is helen sharman, the first british astronaut. thank you for coming in. 50 years since that mission started, what do you remember at that time?” since that mission started, what do you remember at that time? i was six yea rs old you remember at that time? i was six years old so i was not allowed to stay up, some of my friends were but i was not but i remember school projects and it was just part of the and everything was involving that, apollo or an art project, it was around as all the time. you're one of the few people in the world who have gone into space, tell us what it is like. the most magical feeling, of course the launch, the gas and then this weightlessness and that feeling is so relaxing, almost
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natural. so easy. if i get what it is like to sit down on anything. just floating through breakfast, a fabulous thing to be able to do, doing things you cannot do on earth and the views out of the window, just to die for. you talk about it rapturously, is that because your body had become trained to be able to do that and to accept that as normalfor a while? to do that and to accept that as normal for a while? the training teaches you how to be muscular elite strong i suppose to cope with the g force and working in the spacesuit but around half of astronauts do not feel very well and many are physically sick in space and it is this balanced system in our ears that sends the brain different signals to your eyes and if you tend to be suffering from motion sickness on earth you will in space as well.
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the russians think they can select people who are not motion sick. we we re people who are not motion sick. we were all 0k. and of course you went with a russian mission. just to bring in some questions, derek has risen in saying did you take anything of a personal nature like a keepsa ke anything of a personal nature like a keepsake on your mission into space and was it allowed and if not did you bend the rules! i did take a few items, beans and friends and family had given me, a little brooch or a pin, a tiny little comic strip which i put pin, a tiny little comic strip which iput in pin, a tiny little comic strip which i put in my bedroom area. tiny things like that. i had 180 grams of personal luggage! we had to take a spare computer at the last minute because one of them had started to fail so then our personal luggage was reduced to almost nothing but you'd really do not need that much.
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the toothbrush is already packed for you and sent in advance so there's not a lot that you need. i did not feel i was lacking anything. it was quite nice that i could just bring those few items and give them back to the people who had given to me. i was in space forjust eight days, very mission, one of these crew change of omissions. i went into space with one crew and came back to earth with the old crew, leaving the new crew behind. then the soviet space agencies were sending foreign cosmonauts into these change of omissions. and you had to learn russian? the whole of my training was done in russian put up it was a very interesting part of my training. 0ne very interesting part of my training. one of the reasons why i applied as well because i had never been fluent in a language before and doing all the training and living amongst the russians was a chance to speak the language. but all the
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training was done in russian and the entire space flight, mission control spot russian. nowadays the astronauts on the international space station learn each other‘s languages so we have russian and english spoken and you do not have to be quite as fluent. not such a big deal now. another question, paula and her son had been talking about this and they say did your body feels strange in space?” about this and they say did your body feels strange in space? i think it felt very natural and relaxing but what is strange in the first couple of days, the body fluids tend to rise towards your head and upper chest for the abnormally gravity is pulling the blood away from your head and then your heart pumps against that but your heart does not adapt quickly and still pump towards the head and there is no forced to
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pull the body feel it's a way you see astronauts with their faces looking very puffy when they have just arrived and it takes about two days for the brain to work out that there's too much fluid in the cells and tells the kidneys to excrete two more litres of you're in. and then you feel normal. but you lose potassium from muscles and bones and that has a knock—on effect. potassium from muscles and bones and that has a knock-on effect. it sounds quite drastic. another question from devon, which medical problems did you face on returning to earth? i suppose it is the feeling, the feeling of weight again andi feeling, the feeling of weight again and i remember just feeling feeling, the feeling of weight again and i rememberjust feeling the weight of my little fingerjust after landing. the brain adapts again very quickly but then i
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suppose for me having been in space forjust eight days i had not suffered a lot of muscle and bone weakening. butjust suffered a lot of muscle and bone weakening. but just that suffered a lot of muscle and bone weakening. butjust that idea of balance again, i was a little bit wobbly and when i lifted my leg to walk it felt heavy and i felt then i should lean to one side but of course i did not need to and i tended to walk in a wobbly line until i learnt that i could walk straight and pick up my legs without needing to lean over to compensate. the other thing is feeling faint, again this body fluid suddenly being pulled down by gravity to its your feet. so you see astronauts who have just landed and often they made to sit in the chair and they are almost lying down so that their heart and head vertically is not much different and that helps to keep their blood pressure up until they have started to adapt again. another question, 52 years ago aged four
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this viewer wanted to be a spaceman but the dream was last aged ten. did you have ambitions to be an astronaut at school? i never had those dreams, i was very practical, it was americans and russians that went into space but not british people so no, ironically i did go but i took the opportunity when i realised there was an opportunity. then i decided it was a fabulous thing to be able to do if i could. i doubted they would ever choose me but why not have a go! would you still like to go back in space?” think most astronauts apart from those who have been in space for many long duration missions, eve ryo ne many long duration missions, everyone else would just say, in a heartbeat! it has been such a pleasure to talk to you so much.
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this week, we are telling the remarkable story of conjoined twins safa and marwa from pakistan, who were born joined at the head. it is an incredibly rare condition, but surgeons at great ormond street hospital have successfully separated them. the surgery was so complex it was split over three major operations. 0ur medical correspondent fergus walsh and producer rachael buchanan have had exclusive access to the family and the surgery — and a warning their report contains images some viewers may find distressing. safa and marwa share a single skull. the two—year—olds have already undergone two complex operations at great ormond street hospital to prepare them for separation. now, finally, that day has come. their brains, locked together since birth, are eased apart. so this is safa's brain, that is marwa's brain. so they are now separate, apart from that piece of dura? after seven hours, the final connection of bone and tissue are severed. fantastic.
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at last, after three major operations, the twins are no longerjoined. what was the moment like when they were separate for the first time, what did that feel like? it's a very emotional moment. we have been working a long time to get them here, they have been through so many operations and now it has worked! so you still have four or five hours to do? yes, we have to put them together now. so we have taken them apart, and we have to reconstruct their heads. marwa is still in the operating theatre here while safa has been moved just next door. for the first time, the survival of each of the twins is not dependent on the other. and that will make it easier for the two surgical teams to regulate their heart rate, blood pressure and other vital signs. safa and marwa's brains used to have a distorted shape. but four months earlier a plastic
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sheet was inserted between them and by gradually tightening the pressure, it has largely corrected their appearance, essential before their skills can be rebuilt. skulls can be rebuilt. this means both teams can begin reconstruction. the patchwork of skull pieces are shared between theatres. a piece for me, a piece for you. to have enough to cover their heads, they have to divide each bit in two. the bone fragments were pieced together to form the skull of marwa on the left and safa on the right. the gaps were seeded with bone cells. these should slowly close up. the final task is to stretch the skin over the reconstructed skulls. there's just enough to make the join. a pretty amazing day, isn't it?
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hi. everything is good! at 1:30am in the morning, the surgeons tell the family it's all done. # hello, safa! hello, marwa! # how are you today? #. then begins the long road to recovery. the twins have daily physiotherapy. this will help them reach some basic milestones. learning to roll, sit, and hold their heads up. # twinkle, twinkle, little star. # how i wonder what you are. but the separation has taken its toll. especially on safa who suffered a stroke after one of the operations. we made the decision that the bulk of the common vessels go to marwa, the weaker twin. because of that decision, safa suffered a stroke.
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what i really want to see is the weakness that safa has at the moment, and she has a weakness in her left arm and left leg, improves. so for me the big moment is going to be when she walks. and when she uses her left arm properly. because you know, i have given her that weakness and for me that is a hard thing. five months after separation, nearly a year since they were admitted to hospital, the girls are leaving great ormond street hospital. time to say goodbye to doctors and nurses who have become friends. until the twins are well enough to return to pakistan they will stay in london, orfunded return to pakistan they will stay in london, or funded by return to pakistan they will stay in london, orfunded by the donor who funded the operation. the twins are likely to have some learning difficulties. but the mum is overjoyed at the freedom separation has brought.
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whatever hurdles safa and marwa may face in years to come, they will at least do that as separate, independent girls. twins still, but conjoined no more. fergus walsh, bbc news. the nominations for this year's emmy awards have just been announced — with british actors featuring strongly. it will be the 71st year the awards have taken place and there are multiple nominations for british programming with talk show host james corden and game of thrones stars emilia clarke and kit harington all receiving nominations. phoebe waller—bridge has picked up nominations for her comedy fleabag as well as her drama
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killing eve and the bbc‘s political drama bodyguard was also nominated for 0utstanding drama series. jodie comer picked up a nomination for her lead role in killing eve and hugh grant was also nominated for his role in a very english scandal. 0ur entertainment correspondent lizo mzimba is with us. i think game of thrones is the big winner, the final series which finished airing early in the year divided fans across the globe but it is leading the way at the emmy awards and has a record 32 nominations in one year. so while some fans may not have been keen on it the voters as far as nominations are concerned have really got behind it. as we just saw its lead actors and actresses in this case, kit harrington and emilia clarke are up four awards as well as supporting actors like maisie williams and sophie turner. an amazing array of
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british talent for that series which of course is shot largely in belfast so good british success story. but also things like fleabag as we mentioned, phoebe waller—bridge is up mentioned, phoebe waller—bridge is upfor mentioned, phoebe waller—bridge is up for both writing fleabag and appearing in it and all the actresses in fleabag are up for an award for the shan clifford who plays her sister, 0livia colman as well. even fiona shaw who plays counsellor, all up for acting awards for the fianna sure of course crosses over into the other series by phoebe waller—bridge, killing eve, the second series. a really good british show again, jodie comer acker up for a breast actors. — jodie comer up for best actress. and also a very english scandal, hugh
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grantand also a very english scandal, hugh grant and across the board, such a strong and good showing of quality stuff. bodyguard, some surprises there, it is up for outstanding drama series but richard madden who earlier in the year one golden globe is not up for best actor. he is in almost every frame of the series so i think there is a discrepancy there. saying the series was great and the person that carried it is not even with a nomination! chernobyl was also a big hit here and that got the best limited series award because of the length of the series in terms of number of episodes. so a lot of people in the last few months have been wondering if this is a golden age for television, i think it is, do so much out there and that has been reflected in what we've seen in these emmy nominations today. i think the competition is getting stronger. money of course fleming
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and from the streaming services netflix and amazon, that is having an effect as well. now it's time for a look at the weather. if you like warmth and sunshine the weather may have won some awards to date! 27 degrees on the london area. but not so in the west of scotland. you can see on the satellite picture some patchy cloud around which did produce some showers through the day. behind meet more continuous cloud cover promising some rain heading through the next 2a hours. still some sunshine to be had this evening. any daytime showers should fade away and then we keep those clear skies. good news if you're hoping to see the partial lunar eclipse. a 65% eclipse them for this
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evening peaking at around 10:30pm. look towards the south east. you may see a bit more clout across northern ireland and western scotland as the weather system makes more progress and bring some outbreaks of rain by the end of the night. into tomorrow at low pressure starts to take charge of the weather. the frontal system a re charge of the weather. the frontal system are starting to pushing and will be across northern ireland by the morning rush—hour. then extending its way east into western and northern scotland with some heavy bursts of rain. all the while eastern scotland may cling on to something drier and a bit brighter. 19 degrees for aberdeen. some wet and windy weather across the west of scotla nd and windy weather across the west of scotland and down into north—west england. some patchy rain for wales and into the west midlands, some
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spots in the south—west and further east more high cloud so the sunshine training hazy. but still feeling warm. 0n training hazy. but still feeling warm. on thursday the wet weather from the west east. behind that a mixture of sunny spells and showers. some of those could be heavy and possibly thundery. feeling cooler and then on friday another frontal system promising more rain forjust about all parts of the uk including the south where it has been quite dry recently. and then for the weekend it will be unsettled with some outbreaks of rain at times. also some spells of sunshine. that is all for now.
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today at six: the number of drug related deaths in scotland hits a record — more than 1,000 last year. that's triple the death rate for the rest of the uk and the highest in europe. behind the numbers, lives ruined.” was in icu, and they got my family up, saying that i was going to die. the scottish government calls for a reform of uk drugs policy. also tonight... the off—duty officers who tried to take on the london bridge attackers — an inquest rules that the killers were lawfully shot dead. trump and america's racism row —
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the president escalates his


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