this is bbc news. the headlines at eight... air accident investigators say footballer emilano sala and his pilot may have had carbon monoxide poisoining before the fatal crash. it was thought to be one of the world's last pristine environments, now scientists find microparticles of plastic in snow in the arctic. i think we are not treating our planet very thoughtfully. borisjohnson accuses mps who want to stop a no—deal brexit of a "terrible collaboration" with the european union. 150,000 people sign a petition calling for more funding for social care. and, much to the disapointment of children around the country,
the uk is in the grip of a cauliflower shortage. good evening and welcome to bbc news. an interim report from air accident investigators says the footballer emiliano sala had been exposed to harmful levels of carbon monoxide before a fatal plane crash over the channel. the report says it is likely the pilot — david ibbotson — was also exposed to the gas, potentially reducing his ability to fly the aircraft. the footballer was flying from france to cardiff when the plane crashed. 0ur correspondent wyre davies has the story. the death of emiliano sala, atjust 29 years old, and in such tragic circumstances,
shocked the footballing world. the argentine centre forward had just signed for cardiff from nantes and was on his way tojoin his new team in the welsh capital. while trying to woo him, he had been flown between the cities in private jets, the last flight, after he had signed, was in a single engine turboprop, at night, and in poor weather, shortly after take—off from nantes, in an audio message to friends, the footballer seemed concerned, even frightened. i am up here in the plane, it feels like it is about to fall apart, says the player. i am heading to cardiff, we start training in the morning. if in an hour and a half you have not heard from you, i don't know if they will send anyone to find me. dad, i'm scared. those were his last words. less than one hour later, the plane crashed into the channel, killing the footballer
and his pilot. shortly after his son's death, his father told me he could not understand why he had been flown in such a small plane, at night, over the sea. the body of the pilot, david ibbotson, has never been found, but without the proper qualifications to fly at night or on instruments alone, his competence to fly the plane in such conditions has been questioned. it now appears there may have been other factors involved, the air accident investigation branch has said that there was an abnormally high levels of carbon monoxide in the milly arlo in his bloodstream and presumably that of the pilot. the warning signs are that you start feeling woozy, and you start to lose yourjudgement.
the plane's wreckage is still on the sea bed, recovering it is seen as too expensive and too difficult to salvage. future air safety rests on knowing as much as possible about this issue, so, the family of emiliano sala call on the air accident investigation branch of the department for transport to salvage the wreckage as soon as possible. still so many questions about the death of emiliano sala. latest revelations only add to the intrigue about one of football's saddest stories. joining me now is guy gratton — a chartered aeronautical and mechanical engineer who also holds a commercial pilots licence. that evening. what is your view of this report and what it tells us? well, it seems to change what we
think was the main causes behind accident, which incidentally focuses on the competence and licensing of the pilot. we appear to have blood evidence of a fatal level of carbon monoxide. and it is highly unlikely that the atmosphere he was breathing with any different to that of the pilot. so, it sounds like they hide a mechanical flight —— pilot. so, it sounds like they hide a mechanicalflight —— thought in the engine, that put carbon monoxide in the cabin. that clearly is going to impede severely the pilot's ability to safely fly the aeroplane. and there would have been no warnings presumably? carbon monoxide you cannot smell or taste. if you are very aware, you
you cannot smell or taste. if you are very aware, you might be aware of the symptoms it's causing. it is a known risk in single engine aeroplanes that they can be caused by for example, a crack in the exhaust. for which reason, by for example, a crack in the exhaust. forwhich reason, most aeroplanes in this class will carry aeroplanes in this class will carry a carbon monoxide detector in the cop —— cockpit because you're unlikely to wear yourself. most but not all? is no regulation requiring it. it's widely regarded in the industry as practise to. the device, and they're industry as practise to. the device, and they‘ re basically industry as practise to. the device, and they're basically the same as you may have at home if you have a gas heater to warn you of carbon monoxide leak. so they are very straightforward and expensive devices, but as far as i know, there's no regulation i knew where requiring them to be carried.” wonder about something that might emerge from this as people try to put together a picture of what went
wrong on the plane. it seems quite likely. especially, we hide a fatal crash made eric collision and bucking them share two years ago, and the coroner last month wrote to the civil aviation authority as a result of that recommending carbon monoxide detectors be made mandatory. now, ido monoxide detectors be made mandatory. now, i do not think it's necessarily going to be the civil aviation authorities job because regulations are so international. it probably needs an american and european authorities to get together but i see there lots of pressure and i would be surprised if there was resista nce i would be surprised if there was resistance on the industry because i think everyone regarded as a sensible thing to do the. pressure not least here because of the high—profile nature of the crash and he was on board. well, absolutely,
but of course all lives have the same value. and this is not the first incident we have known of where carbon monoxide leak has jeopardised the safety. so it's not a new problem we did not know about before. thank you very much. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 and 11:30 this evening in the papers — our guestsjoining me tonight are broadcaster david davies and jason beattie — the head of politics, daily mirror. there are shocking revelations tonight about the scale of plastic pollution. scientists have confirmed that they've discovered particles of plastic falling in snow in the arctic. a region long thought to be pristine turns out to be contaminated — microscopic particles are carried on the winds from thousands of miles away. 0ur environment analyst roger harrabin travelled to the artic circle as the research
was being carried out. the arctic. a place of pristine beauty. smothered with snow, clean and pure. well, that's how it appears, but it's an illusion. arctic snow is tainted with micro plastics and rubber particles and clothing fibres. given the amount of pollution in the atmosphere, it's perhaps hardly surprising that we're finding micro plastics in snow. but we have such a strong belief in the essential purity of this stuff that some people will find this news rather shocking. dr melanie bergman led the research. the first stage involves a bit of low—tech technology, a dessert spoon and a flask. i think we are not treating our planet very thoughtfully.
basically, we produce all this packaging materials, we cover everything in polymer—based varnish, we use a lot of rubber, which we also find in... 0ur aerial samples, snow samples, and don't even think about what is happening to this in the environment. but few people live here. where on earth do the pollutants come from 7 we know that most of what we are analysing up there and measuring are long—transported pollution. coming from the continent, coming from asia, coming from all over the world. and some of these chemicals have properties that are a threat for the ecosystem for living animals. scientists have found that air and sea currents drive pollutants north. last year, we broke the news that
arctic sea ice had more micro plastics in the ocean because floating particles get bonded into the ice as it freezes. we found plastic pollution on the arctic beaches. some of this debris had drifted for thousands of miles. barking. tourists still trek here to experience what appears to be a wilderness, creating their own pollution on the way. how do locals feel about plastic in snow? sad. it's... of course, this is... i'm still young and this is what i have to continue to work with and to make it all better. i'm here to show our pure and clean snow and dogs and the arctic nature. that's what i hope to do for the rest of my life. and if it continues this way, i will not be able to. when i hear that, my heart is crying. i feel really terrible and i'm not
satisfied with what i hear. but it wakes me up. it wakes my company up that we have to do something. so, it's not good news, but we must not give up. we must start to fight against this. what can we do? it is not surprising. and itjust makes you really, really sad. up here, you look around you every day and you see something that is the pristine arctic, as it's called and it's not any more. and we see it every day and it's a really, really sad. here's the truth — there is nowhere on the planet to escape pollution from us. however hard you run. roger harrabin, bbc news, in the norwegian arctic. 0ur science editor david shukman is here...
that last observation was very telling, there was no where it's going. extraordinary, scientists have found plastic pollution on every continent in every ocean on every continent in every ocean on every beach. last year we reported on scientist studying the deepest parts of the ocean, the mariana trench and creatures living down there had plastic in their bellies. guess plastic in the air, french scientist observed it last year in the pyrenees. and i think that's the key to this story because once these tiny particles of plastic which can be too small to see with the naked eye get into the air, they can be carried for thousands of miles in the window. and there's a pattern that scientists have observed, that the wind tends to carry pollution up to the architect, so over previous yea rs to the architect, so over previous years at the observed how there is evidence of sit for example from coal burning power stations in europe or china or america ending up
in the arctic. so any sense, it's no surprise that these little bits of plastic i carried there but it is shocking and as he hurried, very depressing as well. it there also seems to be no easy way tackling it. correct, there are some ideas of trying to clean plastic promotion, no one is suggesting there's any way of cleaning it outside of the snowfields at the arctic. sell all be focused and is on trying to stop the flow of an additional plastic waste getting into the environment. that's where a whole range of different actions can be important. for example, manufacturers using less plastic in their product or being more careful about plastic in the packaging. local authorities, governments being strict and careful about what we do with plastic items we throw away and where they end up. of course and lots of countries especially developing world, they do not have sufficient waste collection
systems. i saw this myself in indonesia last year, where in a very large city and several million, there is no proper way of handling a waste so the plastic went into the rivers and lasts for centuries. the rivers and lasts for centuries. the rivers were blocked with plastic waste, that was an extraordinary awful site. what we are faced with is can we turn the top preferably off, but at least turn it part of the way to prevent more plastic getting into the outside world and ending up in snow drifts in the high arctic? david, thank you. mps may be on their summer break but that's not stopped the conservative civil war over brexit. the former chancellor philip hammond has rounded on number ten — accusing the prime minister's advisers of trying to wreck the chances of a new deal with the eu. mr hammond says they are setting conditions that make a no—deal inevitable and he called that a betrayal of the referendum result.
but the prime minister says opponents of brexit were in a "terrible collaboration" with the eu — those were his words. 0ur correspondent ben wright reports. from power to protest, here's an attack on number ten. three weeks ago, philip hammond was chancellor, theresa may's and moneyman and number two theresa may's and moneyman and numbertwo in theresa may's and moneyman and number two in the government now he turned aside to the new promised her willingness to lead the eu with no deal at meeting the eu without a deal at meeting the eu without a deal would bejust as much of deal at meeting the eu without a deal would be just as much of a betrayal of the referendum result as not leaving at all. the british people were offered a proposition that we could leave the european union while having a close relationship, they were told it would be the easiest deal ever done. philip hammond was an eight government that secured a brexit deal with the eu but failed to get at the parliament. the fallback plan to prevent a hard border in ireland
is the best contentious part of the deal. borisjohnson believes that so—called backstop ties the uk hands and told the eu it must be scrapped. anything to say the backstop has to go in its entirety, a huge chunk of the withdrawal agreement just scrapped. it's effectively a wrecking tactic, the people behind us wrecking tactic, the people behind us know that that means that there will be no deal. people like this man, dominic cummings. are you making demands he cannot accept? the farmer vote for leave another top 90 number ten, never wrapped up plans to leave at the end of october with no deal if eu does not back down. answering questions for people on facebook earlier, borisjohnson accused and think they could block brexit a terrible collaboration with the eu. mrjohnson's allies essay be no deal threat is essential. we are speaking to people all the time i wa nt to speaking to people all the time i want to get a deal that's our position but as a responsible
government, we must prepare for an eventuality of no deal of course we have to do that. with several tory mps like philip hammond ready to work with opposition parties to block a no—deal brexit, a ferocious fight in parliament this coming. but with the brexit date written into law, and peas in a struggle to thwart a government intent on meeting the eu without an agreement. the rules of a problem it will be tested and the speaker role will be crucial. he said he will fight with every bone in his body to stop the government bypassing parliament. the tory party civil war over brexit has erupted again with former cabinet allies deeply divided on how to lead the eu. 0ur political correspondent jonathan blake joins me now from westminster. as far as philip hammond was concerned, i suppose it's when rather than if he would step into all that. no surprise i think he's made an intervention sometime after
leaving number 11 downing st and retiring to back benches. he's chosen his moment, you will perhaps only get one shot at putting his argument for red and the way he has done today. no surprise where he stands on us. because for a long time as set in the report, conservative mps have suspected that chancellor philip hammond has not been an enthusiastic proponent of brexit whatsoever and as a farmer remained campaigner, he tried to put the brakes on some would argue preparations for no—deal brexit and make things difficult and never really wa nted make things difficult and never really wanted to entertain the outcome anyway. so now he is free of the shackles of government and cabinet responsibility, he is able to say these things much more freely. and in his eyes, it should not be a straight contest or straight choice. between leaving with or without a deal on october 31. and there are others on the
conservative back benches who are willing tojoin philip hammond and work with opposition parties in the coming weeks before the october 31 deadline to try to hold the government back and stop boris johnson, if it comes to it, taking the uk after the eu without a deal. but remember the prime minister says he does still want to reach an agreement and believes it's possible, but time is running out for that. what about jeremy corbyn, he wrote this letter is seeking clarification of what could happen in the period known as a point, if this reaction and response to that. lastlyjeremy corbyn wrote saying asking for clarification what would happen if a general election campaign was under way, and it brexit happened during that campaign. at the prime minister set the date for a general election
after october 31 and britain just let pe by default. mr corbyn said that i would be an abuse of power by the prime minister to allow it to happen, but they cabinet secretary wrote back saying in a brief reply not really getting much will read you some of what he said. the rules set out, let me reassure you i'm ready to ensure the full and proper application according to the circumstances at the time. suggesting he could have a role in enforcing the rules, beginning napping away in terms of how he interprets them. and when the government would be allowed under those rules to allow brexit to happen during general election campaign and then goes on to say the timing of the uk withdraw from the european union as a matter for european union as a matter for european counsel, under article 50 in parliament, under the terms of the eu which i'll ask on one hand suggesting he has a role to play on
the other, how to parliament and the eu to administer brexit and nothing to do attend. thank you, jonathan. sport and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here'sjohn watson. we are under way in istanbul, for the european super cup. the first time two english sides, in the shape of liverpool and chelsea have faced each other in this competition which pits the champions league winners against the europa league winners. alex 0xlade chamberlain starts for liverpool after a long spell out injured. chelsea well beaten in their opening premier league match to manchester united. the sale of financially—troubled cloud bolton wanderers is a step nearer. the court order blocking a takeover of the cloud has been adjourned and amended which will allow the company football ventures to complete a deal. businessman laurence bassini had attempted to buy the cloud,
but after his deal collapsed, he brought about the court order blocking the sale. the first day of the second ashes test between england and australia was abandoned without a ball being bowled because of heavy rain at lord's. this was the scene for most of the day — rain pouring, covers on — various announcements about inspections. a break in the weather did allow a 3:30 start to be scheduled, only for further rain to intervene. there's been no toss and the teens have not been named. however, fast bowlerjofra archer was presented with his england cap in the afternoon which confirms that he will make his test debut. at his request, the presentation was made by chrisjordan, his sussex team—mate. like archer, jordan was born in barbados. australia chosejosh hazelwood over mitchell starc to replace the rested james pattinson.
coach justin langer says it was based on conditions but he was undecided as to whether it would have been better to bat or bowl. it would have been tasked, with rain around there is obviously ever had conditions but the grass is what say you don't want to play how it goes, the bulk and get soft when it's wet, so like to make that decision but we have to make it we all had to make that decision today so we shall see how the pose out but looks like it'll be a good one. duncan taylor will start for scotland for the first time in two years in saturday's summer test against france. the saracens player last featured on a 2017 summer tour against fiji after injuries limited his club appearances over the past two seasons. fellow centre rory hutchinson and lock scott cummings could make their senior debuts as replacements in the first of two matches with france. the return is at murrayfield the following saturday.
double olympic champion caster semenya says she has "never really felt very supported" by other women in sport. south africa's three—time world 800m champion will not defend her title in doha in september after a setback in her challenge to the restriction of testosterone levels in female runners. semenya was the headline speaker at a women's conference in johannesburg. you want to get rid of a human being and you tell them straight i want to get rid of you, instead of going around collecting data on how their body or physique is. that performance, you know, probably —— something or something they say i had advantage but if chris i have it, but so what? your own rivals come with this rude responses in terms of me competing against them, which for me is not a big deal
because what i know is that we are all athletes and we should be supporting each other. that's all the sport for now. i'll have more for you in sportsday at half past ten. labour has outlined proposals that would see universities offer places after exam results rather than the current system, which is based on predicted grades. the party says that one report found just 16% of predicted grades were correct. their proposals would also end the use of unconditional offers. but universities say changes would be complex. research by the department for business innovation and skills in 2011 found 51.7% of all predictions were accurate, meaning thatjust under half of all grades are incorrectly predicted with 41.7% being over—predicted
and 6.6% under—predicted. black applicants had the lowest percentage accuracy with only 39.1% of grades accurately predicted. while white applicants had the highest grade prediction accuracy at 53%. well angela rayner is the shadow education secretary. there's nothing more demoralising in knowing that because in the system is the place up and taken. knowing that because in the system is the place up and takenlj knowing that because in the system is the place up and taken. i think that's really unfair and there isn't built within that... we have to change in the system so that students have confidence in that, that means we have to put support in place and change academic year to help that, and we can do it. claire sosienski smith is the vice president higher education at the nus,
she's with me now... she says that the current system is unfair. what you say? we completely ee, unfair. what you say? we completely agree, as students because we know that those predicted grades are inaccurate. we have experienced them and have both experienced not achieving grades or achieving higher than your predicted grades, but knowing it's thrown out the expectations of what use of a city applies to, so we really welcome the changes. say i think she's right about the unfairness of the system, but is she right you could make this kind of change in practise? she is right, but there is an inaccuracy that this will solve all the problems in the admissions process. we do problems in the admissions process. wedoa problems in the admissions process. we do a lot of the changes, but what we wa nt we do a lot of the changes, but what we want to see first is the changes to the overall education system and
having a fully funded, because it makes no difference what point you're applying to university at the university you are applying to a sub competing for a year and sees you as just a student of fee bringing money infor just a student of fee bringing money in for the university and there is no guarantee university stays open and the market system of higher education we have. so i sense that if you went to the tip of the group of stu d e nts if you went to the tip of the group of students and asked what their main priority in term of change would be would not be one of them. u nfortu nately would be would not be one of them. unfortunately no it's a low priority does not mean it's important but the line, we first one fully funded education system, we want radical change to the programmes and outreach, we want advice and guidance, that's impartial and independent and isn't just universities adding to scrabble desperately for student numbers, say you just hear the university marketing, not the actual important information. going back to where he
began, there are those who have doubts about the practicalities of this and whether it would be sufficient amount of time between the results in the moment you end up at your university, because it's a pretty tight timescale. i would hear this concern is really raise that concerns as well because we would not want this kind of change today and it buried in schools and colleges and colleges and the teachers who are already overburdened. and also even the admissions at university. people are trying to solve those if you rushed and uncertain. we would not want to do that, i said this change would need a lot of consultation with students. thank you forjoining us. now it's time for a look at the weather with susan powell. that evening, it's like summer is playing hide and seek at the moment, one day you see it and exited down, yesterday we had signed and now
today rain tomorrow as but for how long? not very long, this is the rain on wednesday with an area of pressure pulling away to have a clear slot on thursday, but this area is going to skip across the atlantic, we are back into windy conditions, but that there say, a likely dry outlet. the cloud around pricing, misty and murky in places, mild or overnight towards another east and those in the double figures. in the morning we could see isolated showers across england and wales, most of the cloud braiding back with plenty of fun trying to come by say. they cry for northern ireland later in the day, mayjust get isolated showers, light wind where the sunshine it all felt warm. 23 in the southeast of england. hello this is bbc news. the headlines.
air accident investigators say footballer emilano sala and his pilot may have had carbon monoxide poisoining before the fatal crash it was thought to be one of the world's last pristine environments— now scientists find microparticles of plastic in snow in the arctic. i think we are treating our planet very thoughtfully, basically. i think we are not treating our planet very thoughtfully, basically. borisjohnson accuses mps who want to stop a no—deal brexit of a "terrible collaboration" with the european union. rail passengers face increase in season ticket prices of almost 3 per cent next year and coming up, we'll be finding out why britain is in the grip of a cauliflower shortage the speaker of the us house of representatives, nancy pelosi, has insisted there is no chance that a trade agreement with britain will be passed by congress if brexit undermines the good friday peace deal in northern ireland.
her statement challenges the us national security adviser, john bolton, who during a visit to london earlier this week said britain would be at the front of the queue for a new trade deal after it left the eu. live to washington and our correspondent chris buckler. more on what she has said and the significance of this. some of been suggesting that if the uk was to leave the eu without a deal, it would also be the chance for them to go to the us and get a good deal there. and certainly, president trump's national security adviser thatis trump's national security adviser that is far as he was concerned, yes, they would support the uk through brexit and they would be very happy with the new deal and would come up with agreements very speedy, very fast. nancy has taken that and cut it down and said as far she is concerned, that will not happen. she is not prepared to allow
these deals to go quickly through congress as long and no—deal brexit jeopardises the good friday agreement. that has been very crucial and is seen as crucial to many of the us. america is a co—guarantor of that agreement and it is respected and in the congress, extremely strong. nancy pelosi has said anything that jeopardises extremely strong. nancy pelosi has said anything thatjeopardises the relationship between northern ireland and the republic of ireland, anything the jeopardises that border, they will not tolerate and she is prepared to block any trade agreement between the us in the uk going through under the circumstances. it would have to get through congress, winded? not something just the white house could finalise? they have been pushing this administration that a tree deal is negotiated between the
administration and the government of the country. so, yes. it would be president trump's on government, not john bolton, but the us trade representative, who will be sitting down the british government and trying to come up with the deal. however, the problem is that it has to go through congress to be passed there a nancy pelosi is the speaker of the house, the leading democrat in the house of representatives and the democrats of the majority there and that means she does have the power to block any trade deal going through. although it is worth pointing out that there are some republicans as well who do have concerns about a brexitjeopardising the current peace deal in northern ireland and that is something they are very aware of. ireland and that is something they are very aware of. the other issue and of course the british government is the house of representatives is going to be a democrat majority right up to november 2020 whenever there's an x presidential election
—— next. any talk of a quick deal that they could given through by the end of the year to be something that nancy pelosi will simply not let happen. millions of rail commuters face an increase in the cost of their season tickets next year of almost 3%. the price hike could mean some passengers paying more than £100 extra a year to get to work from january. rises in regulated fares are linked to the retail prices index measure of inflation injuly — and passengers groups say that's unfair. 0ur consumer affairs correspondnet colletta smith reports. nestled in the pennines between leeds and manchester. there are plenty of workers heading in either direction. elaine serves up welcome caffeine to the commuters facing the price rise. it does add up. they are not getting anything extra for it. it is not an improved service,
no extra carriages, so you're not seeing benefits other than that it will cost you more. obviously, they keep going up. they could do with holding them down really. the prices go up but we don't see any improvement of service. if service is improved surely the prices should reflect it, really. a handful of things have been pushing up bills injuly, hotel prices, toys and computer games have all gone up. making it more expensive to look after the kids in the holidays. six week holidays are a bit of a nightmare as it gets more and more expensive. the rail ticket prices will hit hard. you have to get to work. so they impact on your quality of living. it is constantly going down and down. it is an essential need. they use the trains a lot to get to work, a lot of my friends, and to university. and it costs a lot of money for them to travel as well. people are wanting to drive because it is a bit cheaper.
petrol prices have gone down recently, making the car and even more tempting option for those living here because a 2.8% rise on season tickets soon racks up. for those making the 30 minute journey here to manchester, it will add an extra 50 quid. the brighton to london line will be an extra £136 on the annual charge. what this inflationary increase allows us to do is effectively pay for the day—to—day running costs of the railway which frees up billions of pounds to be invested elsewhere, in new trains, extra services, better stations. that is hard for passengers to hear when they have had to struggle through strikes, timetable meltdowns and even in the last couple of weeks there has been delays caused by heatwaves, then the floods, then the power cuts. even though punctuality fell to a 13
year low in december, demand is still increasing with more of us wanting to get on board. firstgroup and italy's state owned train operator will take over running the west coast mainline between london euston and glasgow central, from december. the current operator, virgin trains, was barred from bidding because their partner stagecoach did not fulfill required rules on pensions. from meals on wheels to help with washing and dressing — social care helps to keep the elderly and the disabled at home. but those services are among the many under pressure in what health campaigners describe as the "swingeing cuts" that have left nearly a million and a half people without the support they need. now one hundred and fifty thousand members of the public have signed a petition, backed by health leaders, calling on boris johnson to take urgent action. 0ur social affairs correspondent, alison holt reports from hertfordshire:
hot food delivered to your home. a simple but vital part of helping people who are older or disabled stay independent and well. here in hertfordshire, they believe meals on wheels help keep people out of hospital. but in the last decade, many councils have cut the sort of early intervention service as they have struggled to balance their books. 79—year—old edna clark started getting these visits after spending four months in hospital. she ended up there after falling ill and losing a lot of weight. because she is partially sighted, she was struggling to prepare food. i couldn't see it and i could've crossed over and burned my arm or set my clothes alight, so i told them and they said you could have meals on wheels. edna, have you got any tablets to take today?
yeah. we have to invest in prevention. we have to give support to people at home. if we're really going to make any roads into saving the money which the nhs is going to keep needing. people are getting older and the ageing population is growing. today's petition makes it clear families and health services are buckling under the pressure of a care system that can't provide enough support. the current crisis is having a terrible effect on individuals, elderly people and people with disabilities who are not receiving the support they need. alongside that, unless we get this right, the health service itself will not be able to cope. ten years now into austerity. but more hard decisions lie ahead. the short—term government grants which have allowed hertfordshire's director of services to keep meals on wheels end in march. ultimately, if we don't have the money, then what we've got to buy are care home placements and home care grants for people who don't have anyone in the world
and that would mean we have to prioritise that and therefore, by definition, de—prioritise meals on wheels. it's a situation that makes no sense to those at the sharp end. what do you think would be the effective if you weren't doing this? if you weren't providing meals? i will personally say it will be an absolute disaster for the elderly. it is ridiculous when you think about, if it wasn't there, what would happen. what would truly happen to those people. the government says extra money has been put into social care and that the prime minister is committed to fixing the system for those that needed as soon as possible. for those that need it as soon as possible. the advertising standards authority has banned two adverts, which it said broke a new rule designed to prevent harmful gender stereotypes.
around 130 viewers complained about an ad for philadelphia soft cheese and three people contacted the asa about a volkswagen advert. here's a clip from both ads. new dad too? mmhm. wow, look at this lunch. yeah. hard to choose. ah, this looks good. really good. that's the philadelphian. joining me now is dr sarah cefai, a lecturer in gender, sexuality and cultural studies at goldsmith‘s university of london. good evening. when you first saw
those two advertisements, what immediately did you think? they presented quite different issues, the advertisement for philadelphia suggested that men parenting is funny, so the source of the humour in the entertainment in the advertisement is men looking after babies and that is accented by the reference to mothering in the advert, both in the beginning and at the end. at the end, one of the male character says to the other, don't tell mum. positioning mothering as responsible for child care and also quite boring and punitive we might think that there may be issues around cultural appropriation given that the bagels with cream cheese arrive on his sushi train and in relation to the volkswagen, we see quite a different issue or the female characters treated as quite passive and she is associated with
passivity in two ways she is looking after the baby and she is passive to the car as a drives by and purportedly she is passive in relation to its emissions. so it is her association with femininity and nature that let's the viewer know that this is one that does not pollute the environment and that goes on long—standing traditions of women with nature and passivity. asked that question because clearly these two adverts would've gone in front of some fairly senior executives at either company and they did not see a problem and what does that say to you? advertising is a very powerful industry in the community it's in a very particular way it has to communicate quickly and it has to be recognisable and many of this messages and ways of thinking, we might describe as
subconscious, they are not things that people necessarily actively think about. but those are the kinds of cultural values that in the end, lead to the pay gap or violence against women and so on, so until we have more of a conscious reflection on some of these assumptions around what we might call gender norm nativity, we are not going to see those unfortunate social phenomenon change very much. we are talking about the present. illustrating whether we have moved on, we have put together a little selection of adverts that come from a few years ago and will play them and perhaps reflect on them afterwards. whoa, it's got a real smack to it. well, what do you think? i think i prefer a straight glass. skol drinking. is that a new shirt? no, pam washed it. she used this. salvo ?
sure seemed to do a good job. pam says it makes life a little bit simpler. when a man bestows gifts of beads on his woman, they drink to each other‘s ‘honour‘. and finally, return to their hut on the edge of the tribal village. pagan man aftershave. does that suggest to you that we have made progress?” does that suggest to you that we have made progress? i cannot see the adverts unfortunately, but our ideas about gender representation and they have changed and have moved on to an extent. but ultimately, we still see the repeated association between femininity and going back to the golf advertisement for example, it's tag line is, when we learn to adapt, we can achieve anything. so even kinds of invokes biological ideas
about gender difference, about men being more active in the workplace and women being more attuned to the domestic sphere. you will be aware only too well, that these are doctors here who think there is a lot of fuss being made here and that theissueis lot of fuss being made here and that the issue is not as serious as you have been describing, what do you say to those people? have been describing, what do you say to those people ?|j have been describing, what do you say to those people? i am pleased you asked that question, this is extremely important because the audience of advertisement do not choose to watch the adverts, so we might have a slightly different discussion around television and film. but we are the audience of advertisement, it is unlikely that she went out to watch the new advertisements and in this scenario, under regulation comes very important, all the subtle nuances of around representation and
implications because ultimately, these are all a part of a broader narrative and society about the place of men and women and ultimately this is an issue when we see sexism which is the manifestation of that which might be more easy to recognise. thank you very much for coming on. the headlines on bbc news. air accident investigators say footballer emilano sala and his pilot may have had carbon monoxide poisoining before the fatal crash it was thought to be one of the world's last pristine environments— now scientists find microparticles of plastic in snow in the arctic. borisjohnson accuses mps who want to stop a no—deal brexit of a "terrible collaboration" with the european union. an update on the market numbers for you — here's how london's and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states this is how the dow and the nasdaq are getting on.
the uk is experiencing a cauliflower shortage after extreme weather destroyed much of this year's crop. heavy rainfall in june damaged home—grown caulis, and alternative supplies from europe have been badly affected by last month's heatwave. and it's all having an impact on other salad and veg — as dave guest reports from lancashire. high summer on alastair wilson's farm at rainford is not what it should be. the grounds become a quagmire and his crops don't like it. so these are pointed cabbage. this crop has been in the ground nearly a month now and to look at the state of growth you would say maybe it's been in the ground ten days maximum. so we're seeing a knock on of what the wet soil does to the plant, it holds it back from growing. this field at wright's salad farm in lancashire should be full of lettuce right now. this farm supplies some of britain's biggest supermarkets, but the baby plants which should be in the ground are still on the back of the truck.
because of the rain we can't actually get on the field and actually do any planting. you were saying that these plants are getting too big, they should have been in a while ago. yeah, probably a week to ten days ago these should have been in. gathering in the crops they have managed to sow is no easyjob, thanks to the sodden ground. they've decided obviously it's too wet to travel in this row, so we're going to, we're pulling the rig out, towing it out at the moment, they're going to go to the far side of the field, where we think it should be a bit drier — well, we're hoping it's a bit drier on the inside of the field. they've been in the field now since about 6.00 this morning — it is now roughly 10.30. on a normal day in august, by this time this trailer would be full of produce, but as you can see, it's far from full. inevitably if these weather conditions continue farmers say shortages are highly likely.
let's talk to dr wayne martindale from the national centre for food manufacturing at the university of lincoln — he's in sheffield for us tonight. good evening. linkedin, that is where a lot of the cauliflower was supposed to come from. yes, that is right. the cauliflower supply in the uk is highly technical and how it maintainsa uk is highly technical and how it maintains a year—round supply and we harvest cauliflower is and in the mid late—summer, we move on into winter we mid late—summer, we move on into wi nter we harvest mid late—summer, we move on into winter we harvest cauliflower and this year as we have seen, heavy rainfall that is disruptive and that is disrupted that supply in the all year—round system. is disrupted that supply in the all year-round system. do you think this is something we're going to get more use to in the coming years as climate change continues to have
effect? i think it is funny that the food supply chain industry is used to, many of the farms that i visit in the food factories that i go into are working to improve resilience and cushion supply against such crises and a couple of years ago, we had a lead this crisis because it was extremely harsh winters in southern europe for example in many of us as southern europe for example in many of us as consumers southern europe for example in many of us as consumers and forgot about this crisis that we've had frozen chicken shortages in those times, we've had a shortage of c02 that was going to disrupt supplies of bread and beer and so on, but the food supply chain in the uk is incredibly resilient and that is because food factories and farmers are very innovative, resourceful and their business practises and we tend to
come back from these crises, however there is an underlying cost all of this and that is that we cannot really control the weather. and that is what is impacting here. and despite all that innovation, there clearly is not a weatherproof system, if the weather do something really unexpected, there's not a great dealfarmers really unexpected, there's not a great deal farmers can do. there is not a weatherproof system and that is really the very problem and you have to be prepared for the weather and what technology can do is cushion the impacts of any crises and be better prepared for those crises. certainly innovative farmers a lwa ys crises. certainly innovative farmers always work to overcome these types of weather events. of course, but they are not completely unavoidable, so you have to manage resources to cushion the impact of them. with respect to food supplies into
factories and processing plants of course, the weather is less of a critical issue, the weather is the critical issue, the weather is the critical issue, the weather is the critical issue in regards to supplying into those places and you can control the environment within the factory, you cannot on a farm. when there is a shortage of supply, you will often look outside of the direct supply system like our neighbours in europe, but in this case, with cauliflower and temperatures, we would look to europe for supply, but in europe there have been exceptionally hot summers that have also disrupted the supply of those crops. the remains of a giant penguin the size of a human have been discovered in new zealand. the fossilised bones are of an animal thought to have been about 1.6 metres tall, weighing up to 80kg. it lived in the paleocene epoch, between 66 and 56 million years ago. dr gerald mayr, curator of ornithology at
the senckenberg research institute in frankfurt and author of the new study into the giant penguin can speak to us now. good evening from germany. this new fossil is one of the order of those giant penguins but is also one of the best preserved and in terms, it tells a lot about the anatomy of those animals that we did not know before those giant penguins, they're well—known from geologically younger periods of time, but only in the fossils that have been found. this is5 fossils that have been found. this is 5 million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs. how did he grow to be so big? we think that
is related to the big extinction event that have been 65 million yea rs event that have been 65 million years ago and because the extinction of the dinosaurs and the reptiles, and they were removed from the ecosystem which allowed marine birds to become very large. the reason why there are no such large payments todayis there are no such large payments today is probably because the evolution of the wells in the seals and others, which competed with penguins. that would be my next question would be why they would've died out. but if you have been around the same time and had seen them, behave in a similar way to the penguins that we are familiar with now? it is difficult to say, what we know is that all of those old penguins had longer beaks than there modern counterparts. they would have
looked similar they are flightless birds and the environment, that they lived in was quite different from the modern penguin environment. at the modern penguin environment. at the time, it was subtropical, there we re the time, it was subtropical, there were crocodiles and palms, but the evolution of penguins, it is not correlated with the very cold climate. now it's time for a look at the weather with susan good evening. it's like some is playing hide and seek at the moment when do you see it, the next you don't. me @ and tomorrow we are back into the sunshine. not very long, the area of low pressure pulling away to move us into this clear slot for thursday and that this area of low pressure across the atlantic for
friday and we are back into wet and windy conditions. but for thursday, a largely dry out with some cloud around and a bit misty and murky in places, much milder over the night, and lows in double figures. through the course of the morning, we could see just a few isolated showers across england and wales but most of the cloud will burn back with plenty of sunshine to come on thursday, some thicker cloud for northern ireland and some isolated showers, but much like the wind, it will feel much warmer after 23 in the southeast of england.
hello, i'm kasia madera, this is 0utside source. we begin with a special report from the arctic. what was believed to be one of the world's last pristine environments can't escape plastic pollution. the snow is no longer pure and the damage is raising alarms for wildlife and residents. and the damage is raising alarms we and the damage is raising alarms are not treating ( thoughtfully. we are not treating our planet very thoughtfully. basically, we produce all packaging materials, we cover everything in based varnish. with less than three months to go to the brexit deadline: prime minister borisjohnson accuses remain mps of collaborating with brussels, and fires back at the former chancellor over these comments.