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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  August 21, 2019 7:00pm-8:00pm BST

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you're watching beyond one hundred days. donald trump's bid to buy greenland looked a bit of a joke until it provoked a serious spat with a nato ally. by cancelling his state visit to denmark, the us president has created a diplomatic row. what the president really didn't like was the danish prime minister calling his plan absurd. i thought that the prime minister's statement that it was absurd, that it was an absurd idea was nasty. another brexit meeting, another deadline — germany's angela merkel proposes a 30 day timetable — for borisjohnson to come up with alternatives to the irish backstop. also on the programme...
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the trump administration announces new rules on migrants crossing into the us, it means children could be detained indefinitely. could these speu detained indefinitely. could these spell better communication? i will you into the best and the worst. hello. the queen was ready for a grand dinner. the welcoming billboards were up in copenhagan. all the security was in place for the state visit of donald trump to denmark. except now it's off. apparently in a fit of pique, because donald trump can't buy greenland and the danish prime minister said the idea was absurd. so what was something rather silly has now become a serious rift with a key a key nato ally, a country that sent close to ten thousand troops to afghanistan to support america's war there and lost 43 soldiers in the mission. danes are understandably upset. and perhaps it wasn't even refusing to sell greenland that annoyed mr trump — it was the way the danish prime
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minister rebuffed his idea. all they had to do is say, no, we'd rather not do that or no we'd rather not talk about it. don't say what an absurd idea that is. because she's not talking to me, excuse me, she's talking to the united states of america. you don't talk to the united states that way. earlier in the day the danish prime minister mette frederiksen was trying to downplay the rift. this does not change the character of our good relations and we will of course from denmark, continue our ongoing dialogue with the us on how we can develop our cooperation and deal with the many common challenges we are facing. earlier we spoke michael aastrup jensen from the center—right venstre party
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who described president trump's actions as one of the biggest insults the country has ever received. how has his decision to cancel the visit gone down in denmark?m how has his decision to cancel the visit gone down in denmark? it has been perceived as a big insult. please bid in mind denmark has been a strong ally of the us for many yea rs. to a strong ally of the us for many years. to see and behave in a matter like that, has been very surprising for us. where people surprise that mrtrump for us. where people surprise that mr trump should be so upset by the language the prime minister used, calling the idea of buying greenland absurd? well, yes, because everybody in denmark finds the idea of selling greenland to the us absurd. this has been out the question from the start of the debate and we have said clearly but also trying to be diplomatic in stating that we want
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to keep discussing lots of areas, trade relations, how to strengthen ties regarding the artic and so on to receive this cancellation of the visit comes from out of the blue for us. visit comes from out of the blue for us. i have seen many comments from your parliamentary colleagues, some icing this is a tragedy and they will not be able to sleep at night, so will not be able to sleep at night, so they are ready to poke fun at it but also just how serious is the issue of the nature of the status of greenland, denmark's position within the arctic, who seriously is that in taking in denmark? we have never discussed greenland as much as we have right now in politics. the only positive outcome is that the ties between greenland and denmark have never been stronger. because now people can see that they can become a pawn in a geopolitical play between the superpowers. sorry to interrupt, but that is my point, you
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are now, it is clear donald trump has made you that. two. so we also had to stand firm. we do not want to become the spawn in his play and so we are trying to steer away. we are a small country and we have to balance her approach to this. —— become the horn. we do not want the artic to become some sort of playground for the superpowers. the prime minister was trying to be diplomatic about all of this in her comments today, teams have fought and died alongside the united states in afghanistan, will this change danish public opinion in terms of their relationship with america? we have to be frank but the danish population believes donald trump lacks any basic knowledge of
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diplomacy so finds him up a thin or something like that. that being said, a lot of people from denmark still perceive that the us is a strong ally and we want to become friends with the us as a whole but regarding president trump, we had strong ally ties before president trump and we will have then after president trump. we can speak to ron christie, what is going on in the white house now? we have lost the people of denmark. some of our strongest allies in europe, they fought side by side with american soldiers, spilled blood and died for the united states in the coalition andi the united states in the coalition and i think it is a real insult on the eve of going over for a state visit with the queen and prime minister that since i cannot buy
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greenland, you are nasty, prime minister, i am going to go home. what is going on in the white house? chaos. let me put a domestic political question, in terms of swing voters in the united states looking at this, does this help mr trump as my chances of getting re—elected next year? trump as my chances of getting re-elected next year? 100%, no. trump as my chances of getting re-elected next year? 10096, no. ifi ama re-elected next year? 10096, no. ifi am a suburban white voter or independent voter, the democrats are going to say i am not too far to the left, then i see the prime minister of the united states seeing a female prime minister is nasty, i will say to myself, do i want to vote for that man? this is not the way for the president to get people to come to his side of the equation for re election. this will be one of those
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moments when the prime minister sta rts moments when the prime minister starts to decline in his support and thatis starts to decline in his support and that is because we insulted an ally. cani that is because we insulted an ally. can i go back to your remark that you have lost the people of denmark, it isa you have lost the people of denmark, it is a donald trump hissy fit, perhaps donald trump has lost the people of denmark, but their view of the united states will not change because of this? david, i do not know the answer to that question. i ta ke know the answer to that question. i take it in the spirit you offered it, of course we have always had strong ties with the people in these countries but we do have a military base in greenland. how i the american soldiers going to be treated once they get off the base? will people say, with your commander—in—chief, we have lost respect for you? we will always have
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strong ties with these nato allies ona strong ties with these nato allies on a person to person basis but it is unfortunate that the leader of united states has said things which jeopardises a relationship which is critical for the —— for us. jeopardises a relationship which is critical for the -- for us. i am going to challenge you on the reply you gave to cathy as well, is this simple blunt speaking, we knew a large proportion of the american community do like this, it cuts through the political language, the technical language they do not follow, there is no nuance here, people get it? i am not feeling loved today. let me say this, the words you use here is a critical one, it is nuance. americans respect the fact that the president is blunt in the way he speaks but when it comes to diplomacy, you want to have
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a degree of nuance. we have not seen that, we have seen a sledgehammer approach which is something that the prime minister and president could have discussed on the phone. they could have moved on but now we have a cancelled state visit. knowing that president barack obama will be going to denmark later this year, i wonder if president trump did not wa nt to wonder if president trump did not want to draw a contrast between himself and president obama who remains very popular in denmark. perhaps happy not to be working in their white house today, thank you very much. well, we can now speak to nicholas burns — who formerly served as us ambassador to nato. in an administration with lots of lows, this is one of the worst. to insult a need who had the temerity not to sell national territory to the united states, this is well beyond the pines of what any world
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leaders today —— she did. i cannot think of any american president who has come close to this in the last 100 years to embarrassing the us in front of the world. i do not think there will be any member of congress supports president and what he has donein supports president and what he has done in the last 2a hours. supports president and what he has done in the last 24 hours. we have not heard much yet from members of his party because they are out of time. what is in practical terms next time the united states turns to denmark and want something, whether its support alongside nato forces or another diplomatic initiative, happens now? donald trump's, his whole approach to europe is no compounded into a crisis because he is against the climate change agreement which is very important to the europeans. he has pulled out of the europeans. he has pulled out of the iran nuclear deal, he has the spanish nato and cast out whether the united states would stand up and
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defend nato allies in a crisis. if you are a european, notjust a politician, an average european and look at the polls, there is rapidly declining trust in the united states because he is the president. i do not support him but he has a chance of being re—elected in 2020 so i think europeans now in many polls hold flatter me putting in higher credibility than they do donald trump which is a crisis for the united states. —— hold vladimir putin in higher. some comments suggest... is this really what is behind this, is that a rational of just trying to get me to members to spend more on defence spending?” think we can conclude after 2.5 yea rs, think we can conclude after 2.5 years, the president is not like,
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admire or support much of the european governance. whether they are centre—left, or centre—right. he only sees them through the prism of defence spending, he does not honour the 10,000 danish soldiers under 30 who were killed or winded in afghanistan. this really rankles the europeans just to be judged afghanistan. this really rankles the europeansjust to bejudged on defence spending and not the number of soldiers who committed their lives for the alliance. so at the same time as he cancelled state visits, he is suggesting that russia should be included into the g7 group. here is what he said about that. for most of the gb, it included russia and president obama did not want russia included because he got outsmarted and that is not the way it should work. they were
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excluded because the invaded crimea but is it time for them to be included? absolutely not. has to be a place to be paid for annexing another country's territory which is what vladimir putin did in 2013. the g7 has been united in excluding russia and enacting sanctions, russian has interfered in their elections. if trump is such a great negotiator, what does he get intern for being the champion of vladimir putin? nothing at all. this isjust bad negotiating on the part of donald trump. it will also divide the europeans, the right—wing government of italy may support chump but angela merkel zero emmanuel macron will not go for this. —— may support trump. emmanuel macron will not go for this. -- may support trump. thank you very much.
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as we've heard the idea of the us buying greenland is not entirely new. time for me to give you a bit of a history lesson katty. in 1867 the united states purchased alaska from russia for 7.2 million dollars. and in 1868 a report was commissioned on the resources of greenland and iceland — with the hope that purchasing the two islands would eventually lead to the dream of acquiring canada. but the idea was dropped when it became clear it wasn't going to get past congress. fast forward to 1940 — the world realised how strategically important greenland was — after the nazis invaded denmark. and in 1941 the danish ambassador to the us signed an agreement allowing us troops to be stationed in greenland — and they still have a military base there. and finally, something which might appeal to president trump — in 1946 the us secretly offered denmark $100 million in goldbars to purchase greenland outright —
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citing ‘military necessity‘. 0f of course, it did not happen. i will put one other idea, that this is nothing to do with greenland at this moment or to do with gdp and defence spending, it is more to do with the idea that the danish prime minister said the plan was absurd. it was clear listening to donald trump outside the white house, that is what annoyed him, that someone insulted him and insulted his plan. perhaps he did not want to go to denmark and was looking for any —— foran denmark and was looking for any —— for an excuse but it sense to me that it was the way the plan was rebuffed that annoyed him. nonetheless, this has thrown the issue of greenland and the arctic circle until the strategic co nflu e nce circle until the strategic confluence is, all those countries,
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russia, cheney, the us and canada into the melting pot. i do not think this is going to go away. as the denmark representative told us earlier, they are talking about greenland as never before. 71 days before the uk is due to leave the eu, and the german chancellor, angela merkel, has given the uk another deadline — just 30 days to come up with realistic proposals to persuade her there is no need for a backstop on the border between ireland and northern ireland — britain's only land border with the eu. the british prime minister, borisjohnson, has just held talks with her in berlin, where he insisted the backstop had to go. he did also accept that the ‘onus is on us' as he put it, to come up with alternatives. and accepted what he called the ‘blistering timetable' she had just laid out. mrs merkel said she hoped a deal could be reached, but repeated that germany is ready for a no—deal brexit. actually, plenty of warm welcomes and pomp and ceremony awaited mrjohnson in berlin. but don't read anything into it, say mrs merkel‘s supporters.
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they insist her position has not changed — the withdrawal agreement is not open for renegotiation. the two leaders spoke a little earlier — let's have a listen. we cannot accept the current withdrawal agreement, arrangements that either divide the uk or lock us into the regulatory and trading arrangements of the eu, the legal order of the eu. translation: our aim is to preserve the integrity of the single market. that is obvious. if somebody wants to leave the single market, we must see to it that the integrity of the single market is ensured. we have shown imagination and creativity in the past as european union and i think here too we can find ways and means.
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this is the start of the big bite of diplomatic activity as boris johnson mixes first trip as prime minister. the first trip to berlin to see angela merkel, he appeared to sign up angela merkel, he appeared to sign up to the idea that the uk would propose alternatives to the irish backstop in the brexit divorce treaty in the next 30 days. the problem is the eu thinks those alternatives will only emerge in the next few years, not the next few months which makes we think they will stick to the backstop that is in the deal at the moment, which borisjohnson are so critical of. next, the plainest of a head to paris to speak to the french president, emanuel macron. we had a briefing today from officials in paris where they said their central scenario, not quite the most likely scenario, not quite the most likely scenario, but high on their agenda is the uk reading on the 31st of october with no deal. at that point, the french see the uk would become a
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third country which means border controls between the eu and the uk. they also see the uk would still be liable for its financial obligations to the eu. —— they also say. let's speak now to dr daniela schwarza, director of the german council on foreign relations. she joins us from berlin. thank you forjoining us. boris johnson today said he felt a deal could be done in the final stretch. did you hear anything in what angela merkel said that media think the european union was going to get into what mrjohnson once, to take the backstop the table? definitely not. it is not up to angela merkel to give end for the european union, it is up to brussels. if there is a change of position, it requires a mandate from all 27 member states so it is not surprising that angela merkel did not show that she wanted to move the continental european
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position because it would be subject to an internal position first. she isa to an internal position first. she is a major power broker in europe, germany would stand to lose economically if britain left without a deal on the 31st of october, which comes more as a priority for angela merkel, keeping britain close or keeping the integrity of the single market? for a long time germany hoped there would be an exit from the exit but over the past month, mines have got used to the idea that might even be a hard brexit which the german government considers to be very bad for both sides. but also politically. when it comes to a decision, does germany want to divide the 27 member states by giving a non—brexit without a clear mandate and an agreement with the irish, the choice of germany is
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clear, it is interested in keeping the 27 on the single market together. it looks like brexit can happen with a deal and both sides can move ahead to build strategic partnership, this is very important to have from a german perspective. i'm looking for any crumbs of comfort you might have picked up from the dialogue today. angela merkel has pushed on a 30 day timeframe. boris johnson has merkel has pushed on a 30 day timeframe. borisjohnson has said thatis timeframe. borisjohnson has said that is a blistering challenge but we are up that is a blistering challenge but we are up for that. he acknowledged the onus is on the uk to come up with practical alternatives she is after, is that helpful in terms of clarity or direction? i think it is helpful to set a precise date by which this alternative solution should be settled because it then takes time to get the approval everywhere and in particular for the uk to really approve that new deal
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that may be struck or that an amendment which may be setup. however, i think the position of the 27 member states holds pretty firm, they do not want to give up the backstop and by defining this period of time within 30 days, said by merkel, look at proposed solution, that only needs a month and a good week on top for most parties to get together. if there is no agreement on this alternative solution. i think the strategy is still to piece the time to avoid a no—deal brexit. if the british solution was tabled only a few days before 31st of october, that probability would be lower. thank you very much indeed. following the press conference on the way the two related to each other, although you have to be
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careful not to read too much into these, boris johnson careful not to read too much into these, borisjohnson seemed a little in all of angela merkel. we should not forget her position in the european firmament. she may have squeezed a couple of lines from him that he might not have expected to say, i would that he might not have expected to say, iwould be that he might not have expected to say, i would be surprised if he made to see it is down to eyes but see it he did. yes, the onus is on him but see what the details are. that is what europeans will be thinking. elizabeth warren must have thought she was seeing double this week — when she attended a campaign rally in minnesota. to her surprise the lawmaker found herself face to face with her very own lookalike. that's right, supporters of the democratic presidential hopeful were also stunned by the resemblance. but a case of long lost twin this was not, the lookalike was in fact stephanie oyen, a local resident who had dressed in the same way for the occasion. and from the corridors
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of power to the dance floor. one former white house press secretary is preparing to face a very different audience. sean spicer will be strutting his stuff along with other cast members in the next series of dancing with the stars. he took to twitter to express his excitement about being on the programme, saying it was time to have some fun. the former trump spokesman will be joined by several other celebrities including the basketball player lamar odom and the actor james van der beek. i think ryan christie could join them. iam i think ryan christie could join them. i am sure he has nothing to do these days. we will get to that later. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news. denmark's frosty reaction to donald trump's suggestion that the us purchases greenland prompts the president to cancel his visit to denmark. we'll speak to democrat gerry connolly who sits on the house's foreign affairs
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committee. and the trump administration announces that migrant families crossing the southern border can now be detained indefinitely. that's still to come. hello again, we have had some big contrasts in the weather through the day today. across england and wales, many areas have had sunshine, the best of it in the morning, skies like these widespread. in the north, the weather took on a different complexion with thick, low cloud and heavy outbreaks of rain, persisting through the afternoon. over the next few days, further changes in our weather as it is set to become much warmer, some of us weather as it is set to become much warmer, some of us could have temperatures as high as 30 degrees. for the time being, we have been beating cloud weathers, wet weather across parts of scotland. this will tend to think that —— southwards
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overnight. outbreaks of rain heavy and persistent across north wales and persistent across north wales and north england, showers for the west of scotland. it will stay dry to the south of this weather front for southern england, the midlands and east anglia. tomorrow the weather front changes direction and returns northwards which will take the rain from northern england back across northern ireland. after a bright start, rain returns to scotland, some could be headed. temperatures of 17 degrees. more sunshine developing southwards, 25 degrees in london and even warmer infighting on the weekend as this high pressure slips eastwards which will change the wind direction across our country with the whence coming from europe dragging warm air into the uk. weather—wise on friday, a few mist and fog patches for early risers but are bright enough start. the cloud will break up with
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sunshine. rain getting steered away from scotland, remaining over the islands but otherwise it is getting warmer. 21 for belfast, 24 edinburgh, 21 for london. the start of the weekend looks good for most of the weekend looks good for most of his, temperatures continuing to rise. temperatures in the low 20s across scotland, edinburgh has 22, 20 in belfast, a few showers in the west, giant hot in the east with temperatures up to 30 degrees. we keep those temperatures on sunday and it is a bank holiday monday, if we get to 30, it will be the hottest bank holiday on record for late august. that is your weather.
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you're watching beyond 100 days. i'm katty kay in washington, david eades is in london. our top stories. denmark's prime minister says she's annoyed at donald trump's decision to cancel his visit after being told greenland was not for sale. boris johnson tells the german chancellor the uk wants a brexit deal — but can't accept the current one also on the programme. there's a warning brazil's amazon rainforest is seeing a record number of fires this year. scientists say it could be a major setback in the fight against climate change. plus the first images of the wreck of the titanic for 15 years. we'll hear why the vessel is decaying faster than thought.
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donald trump has called the danish leader "nasty" after she rebuffed his idea of buying greenland. he lashed out hours after prime minister mette frederiksen said she was annoyed that mr trump had abruptly called off a state visit to denmark. ms frederiksen dismissed the suggestion of such a deal as "absurd". and now the fallout to deal with. the manner of the president's cancellation has caused dismay in the scandinavian nation. i've been speaking to democratic congressman gerald connolly, who sits on the foreign affairs committee, to get his reaction to the diplomatic spat. so, congressman, let me ask you about the president cancelling his trip to denmark. all of this seemed a bit likea trip to denmark. all of this seemed a bit like a joke, a trip to denmark. all of this seemed a bit like ajoke, a bit trip to denmark. all of this seemed a bit like a joke, a bit silly, until suddenly last night it wasn't silly any more because denmark is a key nato ally and this reflects on america's reputation and image around the world. initially i
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couldn't believe that it was actually true. maybe donald trump thought greenland really was green and that it would be a great place to have a golf course, but i agree with you, it has now become a serious matter. it is an insult to an ally, the kingdom of denmark, and to the people of greenland. that isn't real estate for sale. this is a sovereign nation. where real people live real lives and are proud of their heritage and their nationality. and he showed no respect for any of that. so use it on the foreign affairs committee. what does it do to america's standing in europe when the president cancels a visit like this for this reason? i think it makes him look petty. i think it further diminishes his sense of any kind of respectability or power or
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influence. and diminishes, frankly, american influence. do you hear the blowback from things like this when you talk to american allies, as i'm sure you do often in allied countries? when i go to nato meetings, most of our allies are very careful, very diplomatic, very respectful. so most of these conversations about deep concern occur in the corridors sotto voce. they are not aired in public. i appreciate that, but concern continues to rise. so at a time when trump is cancelling a visit to denmark, nato ally, he is suggesting that russia should be invited to join the g7. is it time to have russia back in the club of nations? absolutely not. russian behaviour has not improved. russia continues
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to occupy and annexed crimea. russia has troops who are killing people as we speak in eastern ukraine. it occupies parts of georgia and moldova. it violates nato air space in the baltics. it has challenged us in ourown in the baltics. it has challenged us in our own airspace in alaska. it has documented to be have interfered in our election in 2016, and robert muller is still looking into that. this is no time to bring it back into an organisation like the g7. finally i want to ask you about the democratic party and jewish voters who vote for the democrats. yesterday the president suggested that they were unpatriotic, disloyal. what would you say to jewish voters who vote for the democratic party fare. jewish voters who vote for the democratic party farelj jewish voters who vote for the democratic party fare. i think it was a profound anti—semitic trope by the president, and i think he owes
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an apology to americanjews. i think americanjews an apology to americanjews. i think american jews are smart an apology to americanjews. i think americanjews are smart and independent, they care a lot about social justice, and they independent, they care a lot about socialjustice, and they are going to vote with their consciences, they are not going to be intimidated by donald trump. we have covered a lot of use, the president made a lot of news, congressman, thank you forjoining me. my great pleasure, katty, thank you. regarding the president's comments aboutjewish regarding the president's comments about jewish voters, he regarding the president's comments aboutjewish voters, he did double down on that today, let's take a listen. in my opinion, if you vote for a democrat, you're being very disloyal to jewish people and are very disloyal to israel. and only weak people would say anything other than that. so this refers to several million americans, because the numbers are not totally clear, but something like nine or 10 million americanjews something like nine or 10 million american jews do vote something like nine or 10 million americanjews do vote in elections here, 70% of them vote for
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democrats, and you have the president saying they are disloyal, which is congressman connolly suggested as an old trope aboutjews and it is widely seen as anti—semitic to suggest that they are disloyal to the states because they vote for one party or another. intriguing remarks as you say given that 70% or more identify themselves a democrat anyway, so they are hardly going to take the word from mrtrump, are they? the trump administration has announced more limits on immigration. it has ruled that migrant families crossing the southern border can now be detained indefinitely. until now children could only held for 20 days. border security has been a priority for mr trump and over the past couple of years he signed several executive orders that restrict migration. among them was the muslim travel ban — originally issued injanuary 2017. it was later revised and upheld by the supreme court. there was the order to defund sanctuary cities — cities that protect illegal immigrants. that was blocked by the courts.
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last year he enforced the separation of children from their parents as they crossed the border illegally that was also blocked by the courts. his ongoing demands for funds for a border wall have been partially succesful. the supreme court has allowed the white house to use some defence budget to help build it. and his changes for restricting asylum applications have also been partly successful. a court ruled they could take effect in texas and new mexico. the trump administration's numerous immigration rules raise questions about whether the executive branch is overstepping its authority and how it is fundamentally changing the country. kim wehle is the author of ‘how to read the constitution and why‘ — shejoins me now. thank you forjoining me. this seems to be another thing that will be challenged in the courts, they do seem challenged in the courts, they do seem to keep coming up with these that are challenged. there is no doubt these will be challenged by
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the courts. as well as the series of court orders that require certain provisions for unaccompanied minors when they come with families accompanying minors. that is the grey area here. if they are unaccompanied, there is a clear process. if they are accompanied but are minors, they cannot be treated as adults, and that is why he had the separation so he could treat them separate from the adults, and here the administration is trying to get around the court ruling and figure out an alternative way. that are more. some of the executive order is the president has signed to changing immigration policy to make it more restrictive in the united states. on balance would you say that the white house is managing to get what it wants on immigration?” would say on balance it is probably in between. they have won some things and lost some things, and what is missing its congress, which could resolve a lot of this. they overwhelmingly want immigration reform, and this latest regulation with respect to migrant children,
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thatis with respect to migrant children, that is something that ideally should be resolved by congress, and we are seeing these issues go to the courts or go to executive branch agencies, and when executive branch agencies, and when executive branch agencies make laws, they are not accountable to the voting population in the same way that congress is, so we are seeing a breakdown of congress, pushing a lot of this material to the courts and to the executive branch, and as i mentioned ina book executive branch, and as i mentioned in a book that i wrote on the constitution, that is a problem as faras constitution, that is a problem as far as the separation of powers, and we are going to see more and more accumulation of power in the executive branch, and we will also have to see if this conservative supreme court is going to back up that enlargement of power in the presidency rather than send it back to congress. the problem is a very clear in the way you have articulated it there. do you see any way around it? as you say, getting around congress is just the way to go at the moment. congress is a bipartisan body is pretty useless, that was what the administration at the moment would say. president
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obama felt the same way in many ways as well. what is the answer? the answer is to vote. that seems quite simple. but there are a lot of arguably problems to the voting system, and that is the connection between individual voters and what congress is actually doing. if what most people want immigration reform, why isn't congress doing it because there are systematic problems with there are systematic problems with the process, so we have to ask ourselves, do we really want five unelected people on the united states supreme court, and it is five because that is a majority, resolving issues that really should be decided one way or another by the voters? it points to surreal cracks or problems in the foundation of how our government is working, and this administration which destroys pre—existing boundaries, whether legal ones are just norms that uphold our system, and that is putting more and more pressure on the american system of government, andl
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the american system of government, and i personally as a constitutional scholar have deep concerns as to how it is going to play out in the future. thank you very much for joining us. there is a theory of the case which is the reason all of these cases are being brought on the reason the president is signing this is so that they do indeed end up in the supreme court where there is a 5—member majority on the republican side, and therefore you get a supreme court ruling which has much more longevity than just signing an executive order, and maybe that is the aim behind all of this. before we get to brexit, can ijust bring something up. we cannot miss this little bit. in that little clip we had earlier at the white house, he talked about china, and here's what he said on why he is taking on china in a trade talk. iam the i am the chosen one. somebody had to do it, so i am taking on china.
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somebody had to do it, somebody had to do beyond 100 days! this is beyond 100 days. still to come — why the first team in 15 years to dive down to the wreck of the titanic say it is deteriorating fast. the government has admitted the hs2 rail project could be scrapped after it announced an independent review into its future. the study will look at the costs and benefits of the line connecting london to the midlands, and on to northern england. tom burridge has the details. high speed 2 is britain's biggest construction project in living memory. you can see here how work on a main hub of the railway in west london is well under way. in fact, they have already spent more than £7 billion of the taxpayers' money. but despite building is going down, here on the edge of birmingham, the new transport secretary isn't ruling anything out, including getting rid of the scheme altogether. just
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because you've spent a lot of money on something should not mean that you just carry on ploughing more and more money into it. but what we have said, and what the prime minister made very clear during his leadership election is we want to see great infrastructure in this country. we want to see it stack up, we wa nt country. we want to see it stack up, we want to see it work for rail, commuters, and people right across the country. but last month it emerged by a leaked letter that a review by the current chairman of hs 2 that the project was as much as £30 billion over budget. michael cross owned office blocks on land at euston that were compulsory purchase. he said it was undervalued by hs2, and claims the company owe him hundreds of millions of pounds. hsz him hundreds of millions of pounds. hs2 dispute his claims, but he says the project has been poorly conceived. what they have constructed is not a fast train but a gravy train, and there needs to be very major inquiries as to who
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benefited. with billions already spent, huge area that a of land bought up, hs2 is a work in progress, so cancelling it would be costly a nd progress, so cancelling it would be costly and controversial. but as the budget goes up, the scheme's value for money drops. altering it might bea for money drops. altering it might be a more plausible option. the amazon is the world's largest ra i nforest — and a vital carbon store that slows the pace of global warming. but in brazil it's facing a growing threat from forest fires. the country's space agency has reported more than 75,000 wildfires already this year alone. wildfires often occur in the dry season, but they are also deliberately started to try to deforest land illegally for cattle ranching. ealier this week it looked as if night had fallen prematurely in sao paulo. it was actually the result of fires thousands of kilometres away.
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environmentalists are blaming the president — saying he's encouraging farmers to clear more of the rainforest. butjair bolsonaro has his own ideas about who's responsible. translation: regarding the fires in the amazon, i am under the impression that they could have been set by the ngos, because they had asked for money. what was their intention? to bring problems to brazil. for more on this i'm joined by nathalia passarino from bbc brasil. thank you forjoining us. there are two very clear distinct and opposing views as to what is happening. is there evidence to show what is happening, who was responsible? brazil has seen clearly a strong change in its environmental policy sincejair change in its environmental policy since jair bolsonaro took office in january. the fact is that since then many numbers have been showing that
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deforestation has increased in the amazon, and fires as well. what environmentalists say is that his discourse regarding the environment is encouraging illegal loggers and illegal farmers to engage in and expend illegal activities in the amazon. of course the government has a different opinion on that, the government says that it is doing what it can to fight illegal activities, but it also argues that the amazon has to be exploited economically in order to develop brazil's economy. and you wonder how much support there is for that of course. but one way or the other, thatis course. but one way or the other, that is illegal activity, both sides would recognise that? it is not wildfires cropping up because of the weather system? of course, this is dry season in brazil, so wildfires are more likely to occur this time of the year, but an increase of more than 80% cannot be blamed on the weather, and that has been said by the researchers that are part of the
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agency that released this data, so what they argue is that this is a side of deforestation increasing in the amazon, and this data follows another very serious information that was released a few weeks ago, showing that deforestation in the amazon has increased by 66% injuly, in comparison with last year, so the fires add to this picture that we are seeing in brazil. andjust fires add to this picture that we are seeing in brazil. and just give us are seeing in brazil. and just give usa are seeing in brazil. and just give us a sense are seeing in brazil. and just give us a sense of the impact globally on climate change of these fires this summer. climate change of these fires this summer. well, as we know, the amazon is very important to the fight against climate change. it absorbs a big part of the carbon dioxide that goes to the atmosphere, and the fires also produce carbon dioxide. there is information already that the population in the north of brazil is suffering with the amount of pollution caused by the fires so
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far. 0k, thank you very much for joining us. as expected, borisjohnson's meeting today with the german chancellor angela merkel showed no sign that either the eu or uk side is preparing to yield any major concessions to the other over brexit any time soon. the prime minister has said that if the eu refuses to remove the backstop from the current agreement there was every prospect the uk could leave the bloc with no deal on october 31st. but how well prepared is germany for that scenario? jenny hill has been to the port city of hamburg. germany has no appetite for a no—deal brexit, but it's what the new british prime minister is threatening to dish up if he doesn't get what he wants. and in hamburg, where much of the fish comes from british waters, that's a concern. translation: we're not panicking, but we expect prices to rise. we will have to pass costs onto the customer. so, should the eu renegotiate the terms of britain's departure?
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translation: i don't think the eu should give any more. europe has gone a long way to make concessions and i think we've reached the limit. germany's gateway to the world. vulnerable to a no—deal brexit. it's estimated that hamburg would suffer more financial damage per head of population than any other part of the country. other regions worry for their car plants, their drug companies. in hamburg, it's aeroplanes. translation: of course, we are worried about what brexit will bring. we're the third biggest aviation industry site after seattle and toulouse. hamburg produces a lot of airbuses, whose wings come from wales. 14,000 jobs depend on that. still struggling over the same old ground. europe's queen of compromise encountered plenty of hot air as she toured a geothermal site in iceland yesterday. berlin is still not sure whether boris johnson is calling europe's bluff. but angela merkel has her red lines and the irish backstop is one of them.
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in hamburg, they come and they go. but germany has never altered its brexit course. you really get the sense here ofjust how close germany and britain have been. they've traded through this port for centuries. germany wants to keep britain close. but it values europe and the single market more. those hoping that this country's soft spot for the british can translate into more brexit concessions may be disappointed. and even as it seeks to prevent it, this city, this country, is steeling itself for a painful farewell. jenny hill, bbc news, hamburg. and we saw that all playing out today in their meeting.
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the haunting ruins of the titanic have long captured the imagination, from the first scientic exploration of the wreckage, to its portrayal on the silver screen. divers have now returned to the site for the first time in more than a decade, and what they've found is disturbing: the once—proud ship is disappearing, at the bottom of the atlantic, nearly 4,000 metres down, the most famous wreck of all time. this is the bow of the titanic, still recognisable more than 100 years after she sank. it was the first time people have been down to see it for themselves for nearly 15 years, but while some of the wreck is intact, other parts have disappeared altogether. probably the most shocking area of deterioration was the starboard side where the captain's quarters are. the captain's bathtub is a favourite image amongst titanic enthusiasts and that's now gone. that whole deck house on that side is collapsing, taking with it state rooms, and the deterioration will continue advancing.
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microbes are eating away at the metal. stalactites of rust dangle from the ship, so fragile they crumble into dust if they're disturbed. amazingly, the ports are well preserved, and the glass is still in place even if all around it is still decaying, giving a tantalising glimpse into the titanic‘s past. it was the biggest ship of its time, setting sail from southampton in 1912 on its maiden voyage, heading to new york. but it never made it, and it sank after hitting an iceberg — 1,500 people lost their lives. these incredibly ornate slippers belong to one of the titanic‘s first class passengers, edith rosenbaum, a fashion buyer who was on her way to new york. she was one of the lucky ones, she survived, and she brought with her this musical toy pig that she played to soothe the children on the overcrowded lifeboat. every one of the precious
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titanic artefacts at the national maritime museum tells a story. but exploring the wreck is also crucial. i think it's still important to go down and visit the wreck and to continue to document the site because the wreck itself is now the only witness we have of the titanic disaster. all of the survivors have now passed away. it's important to use the wreck while it still has something to say. in total the team carried out five sub—dives, spending hours beneath the waves exploring the wreck, and they now begin the job of analysing the footage they have captured, to assess how long before the titanic is lost to the sea. g hostly ghostly images. when it comes to getting your point across, long gone are the days of face—to—face communication and conversations on the telephone. even sending text messages is being replaced by the newest form of visual
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communciation — emojis. a new study has found that sometimes they can help us communicate more effectively than written language. the researchers studied the emoji habits of 5,000 us adults and found that sharing the small visual icons help people to connect on an emotional level. and that's true especially when it comes to dating. here's my favourite emoji. i have cheated, i have taken all three, and they are universally applicable to just about anything. and my favourite emoji. particularly appropriate to how i feel about a busy news day! my least favourite however is the one that my kids seem to send me far too often. i hope this isn't a reflection of my cooking! that was also my least favourite, but i think anything with stuff pouring out of it, i'm just not good at that sort of thing. i still quite like the stone age emerges, the semicolon and bracket, but that is just because i am old.
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do we feel like luddites? we have to get more into them. another thing i have to check off my list. now katty — there's a myth that men can't multi—task but take a look at this. the speaker of new zealand's parliament taking on the role of babysitter as well as presiding over a debate in the house of representatives. trevor mallard, a father of three himself, was looking after the baby boy of mp tamati coffey, who was attending his first debate in the house after returning from paternity leave. and then he tweeted that he had a vip with him. and i hate to be a grinch here, but men get a lot of kudos from looking after babies in public places. when my husband used to ta ke public places. when my husband used to take the kids on a plane, every single stewardess on the plane would rushed to help him. i would take them and be shoved in the back by them and be shoved in the back by the toilets. katty. .. you i the toilets. katty... you i will go back to being
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nice. thank you for being with us. see you tomorrow, everybody. goodbye for now. hello again. we have had some big contrasts in our weather through the day to day. across england and wales, many areas of had sunshine, sky like these fairly widespread. but further north, for northern ireland and scotland, the weather took on a different complexion with thick, low cloud, heavy outbreaks of rain around as well persisting through much of the afternoon. over the next few days we will see some changes in the weather as it becomes warmer, temperatures could reach as high as 30 degrees. for the time being we still have our rain bearing clouds with us, the wet weather still across parts of scotland, and this weather front as we go through this weather front as we go through this evening and overnight will tend to sink southwards, so we will get outbreaks of rain becoming heavy and persistent for a time across north
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wales and northern counties of england, showers for the far north—west of scotland, but otherwise dry weather, and it will stay dry to the south of the weather front, for much of east anglia and the east midlands as well. tomorrow the east midlands as well. tomorrow the weather front changes direction and start returning northwards. that will take the rain back from northern england across northern ireland, and eventually after a bright start to the day, rain returns to scotland, some of it could be quite heavy. underneath that rain band, 17 degrees, further south with warm sunshine developing, looking at highs of 25 degrees in london, and it will get even warmer through friday and the weekend as this area of high pressure slips eastwards, changing the wind direction across our country, with the wind is starting to come from europe, dragging some of that warmer air into the uk. so on friday, a few mist and fog patches for the early risers, otherwise a bright enough start and any cloud will tend to break up with some sunshine following. rain stayed away from scotland, perhaps staying a little dampfor scotland, perhaps staying a little damp for some of the scottish
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islands, but otherwise, starting to get warmer. 21 in belfast, 21 for edinburgh, 27 in london. the start of the weekend not looking bad for any of us, quite a lot of sunshine, chebet is continuing to rise, highs into the low 20s across scotland. may be a few showers across western areas of northern ireland, dry and hot further east with temperatures up hot further east with temperatures up to 30 degrees. we keep those kind of temperatures through sunday and into bank holiday monday, which if we get to the 30 degrees mark will be the hottest late august bank holiday on record. that is your weather.
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this is bbc news, i'm samantha simmonds. the headlines at eight... will high speed rail go ahead in the uk? the government announces an independent review of the hs2 link with a final decision expected in months. borisjohnson is in berlin where he tells the german chancellor the uk wants a brexit deal but can't accept the current one. we do need that backstop removed. but if we can do that, then i'm absolutely certain we can move forward together. the stockpiling of medicines by some companies, as physicians warn breaking news, 25—year—old man arrested in suspicion of murdering libby. the stockpiling of medicines by some companies, as physicians warn of a possible disruption to supply in case of no deal.

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