this is bbc news. welcome if you are watching here in the uk, on pbs in america, or around the globe. i'm mike embley. our top stories: as world leaders meet for a special un summit on climate change, the teenage activist greta thunberg greets them with a furious attack. how dare you?! you have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. the massive operation to bring thousands of tourists back to britain after the collapse of thomas cook. human rights groups in egypt say more than 500 people have been detained after demonstrations in several cities on friday and saturday. prince harry, meghan and their baby son archie are in south africa for their first overseas
tour as a family. at the united nations in new york, the teenage activist greta thunberg has made a scathing attack on world leaders gathered for a special summit on climate change. around 60 heads of state attended. some very prominent figures stayed away. she accused them of betraying her generation through their inaction on global warming, and said young people would never forgive them if they failed to do more. this from our north america correspondent nick bryant. a sweltering september scorcher in new york city. not much sign of autumn here. and it hasn'tjust been a long summer, but north of the equator, the hottest ever on record. so today, at the riverside headquarters of the united nations, an urgent climate action summit,
this global body once more sounding the alarm. the world is losing the race against climate change. applause in this air—conditioned auditorium, the heat came from the 16—year—old swedish activist greta thunberg, the un hoping to harness what is being called the greta effect — her ability to mobilise the young and to shame the old. and, my, how she did that today. this is all wrong. i shouldn't be up here. i should be back in school on the other side of the ocean. yet you all come to us young people for hope. how dare you?! you have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. you are failing us. but the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. the eyes of all future generations are upon you, and if you choose to fail us, i say we will never forgive you.
for the grown—ups in the room, it was awkward. applause and cheering was their applause a form of apology? reporter: mr president. the world's most powerful adult only briefly stopped by. greta thunberg watched from the side, scowling, as he arrived. he didn't address the summit himself. he is withdrawing america from the paris climate change accord, and soon he took the chair at a rival event organised by the white house on religious persecution. other international leaders have come here with new pledges to curb emissions. 0nly nations with aggressive plans were allowed to speak. but even those commitments won't be enough to keep temperatures from rising to dangerous levels. but every world leader today was completely upstaged by a teenager with a furious speech that will echo down the generations. nick bryant, bbc news, new york.
as the summit closed for the day, the un secretary—general told delegates he was encouraged and inspired by the pledges of action, particularly from smaller countries who have caused the least damage to the climate. you understand the climate emergency is the fight of our lives, and for our lives. i thank young people around the world for leading the charge, and holding my generation accountable. we have been losing the race against climate crisis, but the world is waking up. pressure is building, momentum is growing, and action by action, the tide is turning. today, in this hall, the world saw clear ambition and concrete initiatives. thousands of stranded thomas cook passengers will be repatriated to britain on tuesday, as the rescue operation continues into its second day.
holidaymakers were being brought to the uk amid questions over the multimillion—dollar sums received by the bosses of the firm prior to its collapse. it is the largest repatriation to happen in peacetime to the uk. let's hear from some of the british travellers affected. and they've stopped coaches coming in and letting people go home, because they've not paid this money, but i've already paid. yeah, we're absolutely gutted. we've looked forward to this for a long time. still hoping to get on a thomas cook flight. they're still accepting bookings and flights until late last night. ijust had a bit of a sixth sense at 2:00am this morning, got up, checked the website, and that's when it hit the fan, basically. what's happened is our thomas cook rep has actuallyjust walked out. we've got no — left in the dark. thomas cook has not paid the hotel
yet, and they've warned us that they've not been paid. we're left in the dark. the first we heard about it was waking up this morning for the planned bus that we were getting into corfu town, near the airport. marc casto is the vice chair of the american society of travel advisors. he gave his reaction to the impact of the thomas cook crisis. thomas cook is one of the large global players, and the impact around the world is absolutely being felt. there is an estimated 600,000 travellers, both current and future, who will be impacted by this event. so essentially people are having to go through their credit card or their travel insurance if they have got it. essentially, people need to keep their paperwork. travel insurance is the first and foremost avenue of success for travellers who are impacted by this. if they have it, they should use it, and contact the supplier. other situations are that they can contact the credit card company for at least some form of restitution. now, that is not a global standard. it does apply for some
reasons and not others. for instance, in the united states, we have a credit card billing act that can compensate some people for that. so is it likely that people will just be stranded ? many people are being stranded without any recourse to get home, and unfortunately there's no real good option for them. they may have no choice but to buy a ticket to come back home. and hope to get the money back. hope to get the money back. hope is a terrible strategy as it comes to this scenario here, and if they have any avenue with travel insurance, if they purchased that, or their credit card maybe. but outside of those, they may be completely in a terrible spot. are you seeing lessons to be learned from all of this? well, the first and foremost one is, you know, we've mentioned it, i'm a big advocate of travel insurance. both the american society of travel agents as well as my parent company, flight centre, are always recommending travellers take it, because you never know when the inevitable could occur, and we don't want our holidays to be spoiled by this. so i would strongly recommend that travellers do engage with travel insurance. let's get some of the day's other news:
families of the 346 passengers who died in two separate crashes of boeing 737 max aircraft are being offered almost $150,000 each. the aircraft maker says families can claim the compensation without waiving their right to sue. boeing's entire fleet of around 500 737 max planes have been grounded since march following crashes in ethiophia and indonesia. the supreme court in london will rule on tuesday morning on the legality of prime minister borisjohnson‘s decision to suspend parliament. ministers say the five—week suspension, or prorogation, is not a matter for the courts. mrjohnson‘s opponents argue he went for a longer suspension to limit scrutiny of his brexit policy. the family of a woman who died in the leicester city helicopter crash has sued the estate of the club's billionaire owner vichai srivaddhanaprabha. one of his staff, nusara suknamai, was on board the helicopter when it crashed outside the stadium in october 2018. her family is seeking more
than $9 million in damages. human rights groups in egypt say more than 500 people have been arrested following demonstrations in several cities on friday and saturday. the protests were the first significant incidents of unrest since president sisi banned demonstrations five years ago. those arrested are reported to be facing charges including spreading false news on social media and protesting without permission. 0ur reporter sally nabil was in tahrir square on friday night. here is a little taste of what she saw. we've just run away because we've heard that security forces are coming. they have been firing tear gas and chasing the protesters wherever they go. security presence is quite heavy in all areas surrounding tahrir square, but the protesters here seem to be very determined, very persistent.
sahar aziz is middle east legal studies scholar at rutgers university in the united states. she told me who is being arrested and how they are being caught. well, anyone that has shown their face on social media, or anyone who's been videotaped, and anyone who's been caught by the security forces that have been dispersed. and it's likely that many people who are arrested may not even have been part of the protests, because the objective is to chill any more protests, to scare future protests, scare people from engaging in future protests. but i suspect that the numbers will continue to go up. the latest numbers are around 600, and they may go up. it also could be pretext for the government to arrest others that may have been expressing any dissent on facebook or social media, which is very heavily surveilled in egypt, and it has been for the past few years. and people will know it is a very risky business now, protesting in egypt. what is behind these demonstrations?
i think it's pent—up frustration with the economic hardships. that's probably what causes the most pervasive discontent. for sure there are people who are opposed to sisi politically, and there are probably people who are sympathetic to the muslim brotherhood, or at least to the ouster of morsi as something that was in their eyes illegal. but most average egyptians right now are suffering significantly from the economic austerity measures that sisi has imposed. so all the subsidies have been lifted from gas, and electricity and food, and people from the upper—middle—class all the way down to the poor are tightening their belts and really experiencing hardship that they haven't seen in their lifetime. there are calls for more protests this coming weekend, but the security forces now, of course, are mobilised. do you think the protests will go ahead? do you think we're likely to see more confrontation? it's hard to tell. when sisi made sure that everyone
saw he was with trump today, he was signalling to whatever organised opposition there may be that i have the united states behind me, who has the strongest military, and i think he's signalling to them that, if i have to kill you, i will. and he probably will. i think this will be the biggest challenge for the egyptian military, is if the protests get to the point where they tip, where there's hundreds of thousands of people. if he deploys the military, they are going to have to determine whether they're going to shoot or not. and that was the big test in 2011, and they didn't shoot. but things have changed, because now the military is fully in control. it is their government, and they may see this notjust as a threat to sisi, but as a threat to their control over the entire country. in the past hour, hong kong's chief executive, carrie lam, said she hopes peaceful and rational dialogue will help the territory to end nearly four months of protests. later this week, she will hold the first scheduled dialogue with members of the community. speaking at her regular weekly news conference, she said this was just the first
step towards reconciliation. it will not be possible for consensus to be reached after all these tensions in society that we have seen. so to me this is one step forward. it will be a long journey to achieve reconciliation in society, let alone to return to the more normal hong kong that we are all very familiar with. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: more problems for cruise liners as another european city, this time cannes, says it will impose restrictions on the most polluting ships entering the resort. ben johnson, the fastest man on earth is flying home to canada in disgrace. all the athletes should be clean
going into the games. i'm just happy that justice is served. it is a simple fact that this morning these people were in their homes. tonight, those homes have been burned down by serbian soldiers and police. all the taliban positions along here have been strengthened, presumably in case the americans invade. it's no use having a secret service which cannot preserve its own secrets against the world and so the british government has no option but to continue this action even after any adverse judgement in australia. concorde have crossed the atlantic faster than any plane ever before, breaking the record by six minutes. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: teenage climate campaigner greta thunberg has told world
leaders that her generation will never forgive them if they fail to combat climate change. a huge operation is under way to bring thousands of tourists back to britain after thomas cook collapsed, a process that will take two weeks. defending himself against accusations of abuse of power, donald trump has denied pressuring ukraine's president to look into unsubstantiated corruption allegations againstjoe biden and his son. democrats accuse mr trump of threatening to withhold aid from ukraine to damage a possible rival for the white house. arriving at the un he had this to say about the call which has come under such scrutiny. perfect phone call with the president of ukraine. everybody knows it. it's just a democrat witchhunt. here we go again. they failed with russia, they failed with recession, they failed with everything, and now they're bringing this up. the one who's got the problem is biden, because you look at biden did.
biden did what they would like to have me do, except for one problem — i didn't do it. the bbc‘s north america correspondent david willis has more on president trump's phone call with volodymyr zelensky. president trump in the course of that telephone conversation with the ukrainian president sought to raise the issue with him of investigating his rival, joe biden. and at the time of that call, the white house, we now know, was sitting on some $215 million in aid that had been approved by congress but not yet sent to the ukraine. now, joe biden has said that that all amounts to an use of presidential power. president trump denies this, but he's taken to twitter today to question the motives of a whistleblower who reported his concerns about the same conversation, it appears, to his superiors.
and he said on twitter, "is he on our country's side?" the suggestion being this person could be some sort of traitor. the white house has not ruled out releasing a transcript of the telephone conversation with mr zelensky, although there's been strong advice from members of the administration and president trump's aides and supporters not to do so. the white house is thought to be blocking the release of that whistleblower‘s report from getting to congress, as is the norm in these circumstances. so david, so much as swirled around president trump that might well have brought down another president, doesn't seem to touch him. how significant does this seem to be? i think it is quite significant, for the simple reason that the democrats seem to be hardening their approach to this issue of impeachment. they had been, in many cases, sitting on the fence. certainly the house speaker,
nancy pelosi, feared that launching impeachment proceedings could backfire on the democrats, harm their chances in the elections next year. well, over the weekend, we saw adam schiff, who is the house intelligence committee chairman, and a man who previously had been opposed, like nancy pelosi, to impeachment proceedings, come out and say that he was now in favour. he put it this way, he said a rubicon had been crossed. we also heard from senator elizabeth warren, one of the frontrunners for the presidential nomination, of course, saying that congress would be complicit, as she put it, in all this if it failed to investigate. so we'lljust have to wait and see. appara ntly democrats due to meet tomorrow afternoon, but it seems as though attitudes are hardening amongst their ranks. david amongst their ranks. willis for us there in washington, david willis for us there in washington, dc.
in india, commercial surrogacy is a multimillion—dollar industry. couples with infertility problems pay poor women to carry their babies to term. but now the country is on its way to imposing a blanket ban, criminalising the practice of surrogacy in exchange for money. the bbc‘s devina gupta reports. 23—year—old jyoti in india's capital, delhi, is seven months pregnant. but she knows it is not her baby. she is a surrogate mother who has agreed to rent a womb for nearly $7,000. translation: i got married at the age of 17. my husband lied to me about his work, he was jobless, and he used to beat me. i left him and came here with my two children. i decided to be a surrogate mother now because my children are young and they won't ask me any awkward questions. i'm in a small house in delhi, which is a hostel for surrogate mothers. there are two rooms here with eight beds facing each other. there is an air conditioner, a television and a cook, which is a luxury for the surrogate mothers here who are from underprivileged backgrounds.
they have to stay here during the course of their pregnancy, where their diet and their medication is monitored very closely. rajkumari was a surrogate mother for a baby girl recently. she comes to this hostel for a prenatal check—up. and is using the money to provide for her own three—year—old child. translation: what else can i do? should i sell my kidney to get money? there aren't enough jobs. for women, it's not easy to work anywhere, also. she wants to be a surrogate again to earn more money. but in the future, it won't be easy. the government believes commercial surrogacy is exploitative and wants to ban it. it is pushing for a new law where only a close relative can be a surrogate mother under stringent conditions. this has led to a rush of prospective indian parents who want a child.
transaltion: earlier i had just one or two lines in a month looking for a surrogate mother. but now the demand has gone up by 400%. in fact, i don't have enough surrogate mothers to help them, and looking at the future, if the law is passed, it could lead to black marketing, too. the new bill has already been passed by the lower house of the parliament. and in the coming months, when it is likely to be passed by the upper house, it would seal the fate of these commercial surrogates. devina gupta, bbc news, dehli. the duke and duchess of sussex have arrived in cape town at the start of a 10—day tour of southern africa. visiting one of the city's townships which has the highest murder rate in the country, meghan spoke out against violence against women and praised those who had, in her words, stood up for what was right. 0ur royal correspondent, nicholas witchell, sent this report. they both know this trip needs to be a success after recent missteps and negative headlines. no time to waste then.
harry and meghan dispensed with a red—carpet welcome and came straight to a township. the exuberance of the welcome masks the fact that nyanga township has the highest murder rate in south africa. the couple had come to show their support, for a refuge for women and children. and amid all the hugs and the handholding was the serious message — violence against women is a huge problem here. and meghan marked out her determination to be heard. while i'm here, with my husband, as a member of the royal family, i want you to know that, for me, i am here with you as a mother, as a wife, as a woman, as a woman of colour and as your sister. and that, of course, was very much meghan — articulate, passionate and about a subject about which she cares very deeply.
it underlined the sussex‘s determination to do things their way. we're so excited! another small example — although they've brought their son archie with them, there are no current plans to make any appearances as a family. nicholas witchell, bbc news, cape town. barcelona's lionel messi has won the best fifa men's player of the year award for a record sixth time. he beat liverpool defender virgil van dijk and five—time winner cristiano ronaldo. us co—captain megan rapinoe won the women's top award after helping her country win the world cup title this year. the mayor of cannes says he'll impose restrictions on cruise ships coming to the french resort. the new rules mean that passengers from polluting liners may not be able to set foot on land. it follows a similar ban imposed in the italian port of venice. the bbc‘s tim allman has the story.
when you think of cannes, this is probably the sort of thing you have in mind — luxury, wealth and opulence. but some here are worried that along with the glamour, there is pollution and increasingly dirty air. one possible culprit, the huge cruise liners that visit the city every year. a new cap is being imposed on the stuff that they emit. if they are not clean enough, their passengers may not be able to disembark. translation: it's not about being against cruise ships, it's about being against pollution. we will no longer accept tour buses and cruise ship passengers on the ground coming from polluting cruise ships. nearly 400,000 such passengers come to cannes each year and some of the ships are older than others but their owners insist they are sticking to the rules. at the end of the summer, we will go
into our maintenance cycles so the ship will be out of service for two or three weeks and we will implement the changes to the engines to make them comply with the latest development regulations. venice is another city that's introduced new restrictions on cruise ships. that ban was prompted by a liner crashing into a pier, but environmentalists have long voiced concerns about the pollution and erosion these ships can cause. the ban in cannes begins injanuary, 2020 in an already beautiful place that may soon be just that little bit cleaner. tim allman, bbc news. there is more for you on all the news, national and international, any time on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @bbc mike embley. thank you for watching.
hello once again. whilst some spots, particularly across northern and eastern britain, started monday decently enough, well, eventually weather fronts piled in from the atlantic. here we are on tuesday. you get the sense we may well be in for something of a repeat performance. in fact, tuesday could be one of the wettest and windiest days that many areas will have seen for quite some time. in the first part of the day, it's the southern half of britain that's likely to see the very worst of the conditions on offer. as i take you on through the morning and on into the afternoon, you'll notice that some of those really dark blues and greens gradually work their way ever further towards the north, and it will be a fairly slow process as well. that's why we think some spots widely could see 30—a0mm of rain, others could get up to 70mm millimetres of rain. some of the gusts, 40, possibly even
50mph in exposed locations. just to give you a sense of the spread of those gusts, even into the north of scotland, where you don't see the very worst of the rain, it will be a windy day. and then late on, we may welljust ramp up some rain and some stronger winds yet again. initially into the south—west, but then widely across the southern counties of both england and wales. and on while it's not going to be a particularly cold night given the amount of cloud around on the strength of the wind as well, mainly the west and south—west. here we are on wednesday, and once that side of the feature has worked its way off to the near continent, actually wednesday is going to be one of the quieter days of the week. once that wind and rain has cleared away from east anglia and the south—east, then there is a fair amount of dry weather. yes, there will be a spotting of showers in the heart of scotland, not so much wind. you may feel like standing around that day, but probably not on tuesday.
here we are on thursday. a new set of weather fronts working in from the atlantic. if you've seen the forecast in recent days, these forecasts have sped up, it looks like they would hang around for the first part of friday. bar the far north—eastern quarter of scotland, it looks as though eventually they clear the eastern shores of the british isles, leaving behind a drier prospect, albiet fairly late in the day for some. and then we mayjust gang up those of those showers in western areas to give the odd longer spell of rain. and all the while, the wind quite a significant factor on the day on friday. so essentially, it's a day of sunny spells and some showers. but, as i say, some of those showers ganging together on many fronts to give some longer spells of rain. and again, we're darkening up some of these blues so i would be not at all surprised if you heard the odd rumble of thunder in the heaviest of those downpours. the top temperature on the day of about 18.
this is bbc news. the headlines: teenage climate campaigner greta thunberg has delivered an angry address at the united nations climate change summit in new york. she accused world leaders of failing young people, and said her generation will never forgive them if they fail to combat global warming. a huge two—week operation is under way to bring thousands of tourists back to britain after thomas cook collapsed. the uk government has requested an investigation into the travel company's bosses. there has been growing criticism over the salaries of executives. human rights groups in egypt say more than 500 people have been detained after demonstrations in several cities on friday and saturday. the authorities have yet to release the official number of arrests. under president abdel fattah el—sisi, there has been a wide—ranging crackdown on protests.