tv BBC News at Ten BBC News November 25, 2019 10:00pm-10:32pm GMT
tonight at ten, levels of greenhouse gases break new records, as experts express their fears for the future of the planet. since 1990, there's been an increase of 43% in the warming effect on the climate of a range of greenhouse gases. last year's increase in emissions was bigger than the previous 12 months, and higher than the average of the past decade. the critical period is now. and the climate change we'll see and the decisions that we make will last notjust for decades, not even centuries, but potentially longer than that. we'll look at the latest figures, amid criticism that the world's nations are simply not delivering on the promises they've made. also tonight... after 39 migrants‘ bodies were found in a lorry container in essex, a man pleads guilty to plotting to assist illegal immigration. labour says, if it wins power, it will "put bad landlords out of business" and bring in rent controls in england. the cinema operator vue
defends its decision to withdraw the gang film blue story, after violent incidents outside several of its venues. and we travel to italy to meet the oldest living survivor of the nazi concentrations camps. and coming up on sportsday on bbc news... england's jofra archer says he was racially abused on the final day of the first test against new zealand. both cricket boards are investigating. good evening. one of the world's leading experts on climate change says he's now scared for the future of the planet, following the latest report by the world meteorological organization. sir david king, the former chief scientific adviser to the uk government,
says there is a lack of political leadership to tackle the scale of the problem. the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has reached new highs, and levels of other warming gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide, have also risen by above—average amounts. our chief environment correspondent, justin rowlatt, has more details. floods in england. record spring temperatures and wildfires in australia. the worst floods venice has seen in a generation. scientists say extreme weather events like these will become more common as climate change intensifies. and, today, we learned that the gases that trap heat in the atmosphere, causing global warming, have hit record levels yet again. let's see how concentrations of the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, have risen. back in 1800, in the early days
of the industrial revolution, there were 280 molecules of carbon dioxide per million. there is a gradual rise until around 1960. then, look at this. it takes off. think cars, industrialisation in the developing world, mass aviation. today we learned the concentration accelerated again this year, taking the total to 407.8 parts per million. we have again broken records in carbon dioxide concentrations and we have already exceeded a00ppm level which was regarded as a critical level that happened already two years ago and this growth of carbon dioxide concentration continues. we know what the problem is. almost everything we do as a carbon consequence. the way we travel, the food we eat, the energy we use to power our homes, how we build our homes. and we know
what to do. scientists say we've got to almost halve emissions in the next ten years if we're going to keep warming below 1.5 celsius. let the temperatures rise above that, they warn, and we will all face more intense heat waves, droughts and floods. i think the thing that we need to remember about climate change is the critical period is now and that the climate change we will see and the decisions that we make will last notjust for decades, not even centuries, but potentially longer than that with the melting of the ice sheets. so, it's really got to be the top of our agenda, i think, for many decades to come. the frozen regions of the world have already started to melt. and the sad fact is today's figures show that our efforts to cut emissions are not working. in truth, it is worse than that. the concentration of greenhouse gases has actually accelerated.
the good news is people around the world are becoming more aware of the problem — think greta thunberg and the fact that many parties here in the uk have made tackling climate change a key part of their manifestos. next week, the united nations hosts another international climate conference, this time in madrid. the hope is this will help rally the world to make quicker and deeper cuts to greenhouse gas emissions. justin rowlatt, thank you. a lorry driver, accused of causing the deaths of 39 migrants found in a lorry container in essex, has pleaded guilty to conspiracy to assist illegal immigration. maurice robinson, from craigavon in northern ireland, was not asked to plead to 39 charges of manslaughter, which he also faces. the bodies of the people from vietnam, including children, were discovered last month. tonight, essex police said another man had been arrested on suspicion of manslaughter in connection with the container deaths.
our home affairs correspondent, daniel sandford, reports. the discovery last month of 39 dead people from vietnam in the back of a lorry in essex led to a huge international investigation into a suspected people smuggling gang. this morning, mo robinson, the 25—year—old lorry driver from northern ireland arrested at the time, appeared by video link at the old bailey and pleaded guilty to conspiring with others to assist illegal immigration. he is also accused of 39 counts of manslaughter but, at this stage, he has not been asked to say whether he pleads guilty or not guilty to those charges or a charge people trafficking, or one of money—laundering. mo robinson is the first person to appear here the old bailey following the 39 deaths, but he won't be the last. he is accused of being part of a wider conspiracy. two other men are already facing charges, police are looking to talk to at least
two more. eight of the 39 people found dead in the lorry were female. ten were teenagers. two of them were boys ofjust 15. they all leave behind grieving families in vietnam. sealed inside an unaccompanied lorry trailer, they'd crossed the english channel from zeebrugge on this cargo ferry, the clementine, and arrived at the port of purfleet on the river thames, just east of london. the trailer had been dropped off at zeebrugge some 12 hours earlier by this lorry cab. eamon harrison, also from northern ireland, is accused of being the driver on the belgian side, and is fighting extradition from dublin. and, with the wider investigation into the lorry deaths still continuing, a third man from northern ireland, 23—year—old christopher kennedy, appeared in court in chelmsford today, also charged with people trafficking and assisting illegal immigration. daniel sandford, bbc
news. the chief rabbi has severely criticised the labour party, as he urged people across the uk to vote with their conscience in the upcoming general election. rabbi ephraim mirvis, writing in the times, said labour could no longer claim to be the party of diversity, equality and anti—racism. 0ur religion editor, martin bashir, is here. martin, what do you make of this? this is a highly exceptional, significant contribution by the leader of a religious denomination during the general election campaign. the chief rabbi has oversight for half of those in the uk to identify as practising jewish, and he is saying that labour's claim that they are doing everything in their powers to root out anti—semitism, using his powers, mendacious fiction, and that a new poison has taken root in the
labour party, sanctioned from the very top. he says that, while he is not in a position to tell people how to vote, the chief rabbi asks, how complicit in prejudice would a leader of her majesty's opposition to be —— have to be in order to be considered unfit for high office? that feels like a rhetorical question. last week, the archbishops of york and canterbury issued a joint statement, appealing to voters and politicians to honour the truth and challenge of false herds, no reference to individual candidates or party leaders. —— challenge all falsehood poll. the labour party has issued a statement through a spokesperson, and it says jeremy corbyn statement through a spokesperson, and it sasteremy corbyn is a lifelong campaigner against anti—semitism, has made absolutely clear it has no place in our society, nor party, and that no one who engages in it does so in his name. but, make no mistake, this
is a very significant intervention by the chief rabbi. martin bashir, our religion editor. let's take a look at some of today's other election news. former labour prime minister tony blair says that the current state of british politics is "utterly dysfunctional", with both main parties "peddling fantasies". mr blair says he will vote for labour, but that a majority government for either labour or the conservatives would pose a risk. the cross—community alliance party in northern ireland has launched its general election manifesto. the party's leader, naomi long, says they will put brexit at the centre of their campaign, calling for a new eu referendum with the option to stay in the eu. like the majority of people in northern ireland, we recognise the huge benefits of the eu membership that it has brought to northern ireland. and we also believe that our future lies at the heart of the eu, working together with other european nations to tackle the major challenges which lie ahead.
labour has pledged to "put bad landlords out of business" and bring in rent controls in england, as part of its election campaign. the party claims a quarter of all privately rented property is damp, cold, in need of repair, or unsafe to live in. under labour's plans, landlords in england would face an annual property mot, with fines for substandard conditions. there'd be a cap on rent rises, no more than the national rate of inflation. and there'd be new protections against unfair evictions, with "open—ended tenancies". but landlords say the new laws would lead to a "serious rental housing crisis", as our business correspondent, colletta smith, reports. it's just too expensive... about half of jack's wages go on rent and he turns to acorn renters union for advice, as his landlord have been hit and miss. they gave us very little notice to say, actually, you know, we don't want you to renew your tenancy. we're actually going to be selling,
which then obviously means a lot of people coming around and viewing the flat that we weren't really hoping for. labour want to cap rent, so no—one gets hit with a rise that's more than inflation — which jack likes the sound of. any move to kind of regulate how much landlords can actually up the rent each year is a good thing. ultimately, itjust means you're a little bit more secure in what should be your home. labour also want an independent check each year to make sure properties are up to scratch and more protection against evictions. there are many landlords who are actually very good, do keep their places decent, do treat their tenants well. they have nothing to fear whatsoever. it's only those that don't look after their properties properly, charge too much in rent and don't treat their tenants correctly. but landlords think they've quite enough restrictions on them already. all properties have a certain level of standards that they have to achieve that is currently existing in law, and i think that's what we need to really focus on, is that, actually, it's about enforcing the current laws that are in place. conservatives say capping rent
could put landlords off and make the property shortage worse. we want to tackle unscrupulous landlords but we also want a vibrant housing market, so everyone can have a safe and secure property, whether to rent or to own. across the uk, rents have increased byjust over 1% this last year. that's less than inflation, so labour's policy wouldn't have kicked in anyway. but any kind of extra protection for renters is likely to be popular with young people, because a third of them are renting their homes at the moment. i would like to buy, mainlyjust for that security, really. because of how kind of risky being in the private rental sector is, it makes me want to pursue that a little bit more. but forjack, like many, having enough cash to buy is a long way off. so all parties are making promises, trying to attract the votes of the uk's 11.5 million renters. colletta smith, bbc news, in manchester.
the cinema operator vue has defended its decision to withdraw the gang film blue story, after more than 25 incidents were reported in several of its venues during the first day of its release. a mass fight broke out at a cinema in birmingham on saturday evening where it was being shown. the operator showcase also withdrew the film, but has since decided to reinstate it. 0ur arts editor, will gompertz, has the details. these were the scenes at star city in birmingham on saturday night. the popular multiplex was locked down, as groups of young people came armed to fight, not relax in front of a movie. where are you from? from deptford... ghetto boy, yeah? one of those showing was the urban drama blue story. if anyone asks, yeah? i've been here the whole time. vue, the cinema owner, believes the film was the root cause of the disturbance, and has therefore stopped showing it. rememberthat!
in a statement, the cinema chain said... is that why your brother don't like me, then, because i live in this area? the film tells the story of a schoolboy friendship ruined by postcode gang wars. vue's decision to pull it has left one blue story actor dismayed. i feel like there are other films that have come out in the past which have had a high level of violence and incidents have happened around the time the films were premiered, and they've not been pulled. so it makes me question, why has blue story been treated differently to the other films that have come out? i'll call you! vue have just sent a release out saying they've had over 20 different incidents. that may be the case, but incidents with young people,
i don't see how, again, blue story is related to that. i don't see how there was any link, i don't see how there is any connection to it. i'm standing in leicester square, in london, which kind of shows graphically the split between the big cinema chains. 0ver there is the 0deon, the biggest of the bunch, which is still showing blue story. 0ver there is cineworld, the second big biggest, which is not only showing blue story but is actively promoting it. and over there is the third biggest, vue, which has pulled blue story from all of its screens. are you going to carina's party? so, how do young cinemagoers feel about blue story being withdrawn? some cinemas are showing it, so what's wrong with every cinema showing it? people choose, at the end of the day, how they want to act, according to what they see, you can't blame a movie for that. everyone's saying it's promoting violence and gangs, but it's really not. it's all about love. that's what rapman, the director, says about his debut film, which he also describes as a modern parable. of the violence at the weekend, he said, "it's truly unfortunate a small group of people can ruin things for everyone."
will gompertz, bbc news. the chinese government has responded to the landslide victory for pro—democracy candidates in the hong kong elections by emphasising that the territory will always be ruled from beijing, and has warned against further protests. pro—democracy candidates won almost 90% of seats in local elections. the result is being seen as an outright rejection of carrie lam's leadership, and a massive show of support for the anti—beijing protests, that have been going on for months. 0ur correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes reports from hong kong. this is not the sort of media attention usually given to the winners of a local council election. but last night's victory for hong kong's democrats was no ordinary win. it was an unprecedented landslide. these newly minted young politicians won 85% of
all the seats contested. we have five demands, not one less. today, they gathered to tell hong kong's government they will not be ignored. government parties, they have no more excuses for saying that rioters don't have popular support. now we see that they have popular support. hong kong people have learned a lesson, that they understand that without democracy, any freedom... any freedom we have is very fragile. it can be gone in one day, by a tyranny. the message here today is that the hong kong opposition is now the most powerful political group in hong kong. it is no longer a protest movement. it now has a proper democratic mandate, and that means that the chief executive can no longer ignore their demands. time for the hong kong government to act may be short. in central hong kong today, prominent pro—beijing politician regina ip had to be escorted from her office by riot police, withjeering, hostile
crowds. out on a street corner this evening, paul tse was thanking his supporters. he's one of a handful of pro—government councillors who survived the election. but he says it has been a nightmare for the pro—government camp. everything is wrong. i think we have to start with government policy, government strategy, the composition of all kinds of things, the cabinet and what have you. i think this is a very loud voice of the people that they aren't happy with what they've been going through, the last six months. but anyone looking for a hopeful sign from beijing today got nothing. a foreign ministry spokesman again insisting that hong kong is china's internal affair, and everyone else should mind their own business. applause but without some acknowledgement of what happened here on sunday, the celebrations could soon turn back into violence on the streets. rupert wingfield—hayes,
bbc news, in hong kong. nhs officials have offered to meet the family of a young autistic man who died, after being left starving and desperately thirsty at the royal blackburn hospital, while waiting for an operation. mark stuart spent five days in agony, and died following a series of failings. his parents say they have been battling for answers for four years. they've been speaking exclusively to our health correspondent sophie hutchinson. you may find parts of her report distressing. come on, then. going to push me in. this was mark stuart, an exuberant teenager, with his brother and father. as a young adult with autism, he became more withdrawn but his passion for swimming continued. that is, until he faced a series of catastrophic failings in hospital. as they were wheeling him out of the ward, he lifted off the oxygen mask and said, "nothing terrible's going to happen, is it?"
"i'm not going to die, am i?" i said, "of course you're not going to die, mark." but mark did die, after being left starving and thirsty in hospital while he waited for a delayed bowel operation. the lift doors were just closing that way and he looked at me, absolutely terrified, and that's the last time i saw him alive. it was 2015 at the royal blackburn hospital. mark needed an urgent operation but he was made to wait five days. he was told not to eat or drink anything but staff failed to give him any nutrition through the drip in his arm or enough fluid. records suggest at one point he went for 20 hours without any fluid. 0n the fourth night, mark, who was autistic, became highly agitated. he said he was in the worst pain of his life but nurses
dismissed him as a trouble maker. the next day, staff suddenly gave him a large amount of fluid. he died after being taken to the operating theatre. no—one will ever know exactly what caused mark's death because no postmortem was carried out. the hospital sent this certificate to the coroner indicating that he died of a natural cause. it's since apologised and described it as a slip—up. it was appalling, from start to finish. and then, after he died, it carried on, so we've had to ask, push and push, all the time, to get information. 0ur opinion is they want this brushed under the carpet and gone away. the nhs trust which oversees the royal blackburn hospital has apologised. it said...
but janet and richard say they still haven't been told who made the key decisions about their son's care, and why. that's despite an independent investigation. we scattered his ashes in his favourite swimming spot at windermere, and we go there every christmas, and i drop a card in. and i feel so guilty that i didn't raise the roof. ijust sit on the end of the jetty and say, "i'm sorry, mark." that was richard stuart speaking to our health correspondent sophie hutchinson. the jury in the trial of the match commander during the hillsborough football disaster, david duckenfield, has now retired to consider its verdicts. the retired chief superintendent, here on the left, denies the gross
negligence manslaughter of 95 liverpool supporters at the fa cup semifinal in 1989. the taxi app, uber, is not being granted a new licence to operate in london. transport for london said a pattern of failures had put passenger safety at risk. the firm will appeal and can continue to operate during that process. new zealand's cricketing authorities have apologised to the england fast bowlerjofra archer, after he said he was racially abused during the final day of the first test. the 2a year—old said the abuse that he said came from one spectator was disturbing. england lost the test by an innings and 65 runs, as katie gornall reports. this was jofra archer's first overseas test for england. it ended with him being racially abused. as he attempted to bat his side to safety against new zealand, archer safety against new zealand, archer made it to 30 and then heard
something as he left the field. afterwards, he wrote on twitter, "a bit disturbing hearing racial insults today while battling to help save my team. the crowd has been amazing this week except for that one guy." and in the last hour, the ecb gave this reaction. we're working really closely with new zealand cricket. i've spoken to their chief exec this morning. they are obviously incredibly concerned that this has happened on their patch. it was obviously emotional. it hurts. and we are here as well to say we fully supportjof, obviously. there is no place for racism in the game, in any game. it's not the first time archer has been the subject of alleged abuse. during the ashes in september, an england fan at old trafford said he heard a group singing a racist song about the barbados—born fast bowler. in response to this latest incident, new zealand cricket said they, "will be examining cctv footage and making further inquiries in an endeavour to identify the man responsible." they will also, "contact mr archer to apologise,"
and promised increased vigilance when, "the teams next meet in hamilton." england's cricketers will travel there with plenty to ponder after a crushing defeat at the bay 0val. needing to bat through the day to save themselves, it proved beyond them. the wickets tumbled, some were given away cheaply, others snatched in style, as england were bowled out with more than 21 overs to spare. in just three days‘ time, they face new zealand again in the second test, hoping for change both on and off the pitch. katie gornall, bbc news. priceless jewels have been stolen from one of europe's oldest museums in the german city of dresden. three complete collections of jewellery including diamonds, rubies and emeralds belonging to 18th century royalty were ta ken. two men broke in through a window overnight, as our correspondent david sillito reports. dresden castle, the home of one of the world's greatest displays of royal opulence. the room of
wonders. created to dazzle, to overwhelm people. it was the collection of augustus the strong, a man of extravagant appetites. it was rumoured he had fathered 300 children. the green vault is one of the greatest collections of aristocratic treasure in the world. however, a significant part of it has been stolen. police arrived this morning to find a collection of diamonds, rubies and emeralds, described as part of the state treasury of 18th—century saxony, had gone. translation: the culprits evidently got in through a window. they cut through the bars and then smashed through the glass before they went straight to one the cabinets which they destroyed. they then left the building and disappeared. so, how did they do it? one clue is this burnt out electrical box, street lights failed, the museum alarm was silent. however, police say a camera did manage to capture images of two
thieves as they broke in. the museum says around 100 jewel encrusted items were taken. the value, the museum isn't giving a figure but says this is about more than just money. this collection is, they say, a nation's cultural heritage. david sillito, bbc news. 75 years ago today, the first concentration camp in western europe was discovered by the allies. natzweiler was one of the smallest camps, but almost half the 52,000 prisoners who were sent there, died. boris pahor, who's now 106, was one of the prisoners at natzweiler and is believed to be the oldest living survivor of the nazi concentrations camps. the bbc‘s alan yentob has been to meet him. boris pahor spent much of his early life standing up to fascism and the nazis who occupied his home town trieste in italy. he was a prisoner here at natzweiler.
although relatively small, this was one of the deadliest of the nazi concentration camps. he grew up in a thriving slovene community before mussolini's fascists came and burned their cultural centre to the ground. for seven—year—olds boris it seemed like the end of the world. when the nazis came to trieste, boris joined the resistance but was arrested by the gestapo. when i visited him at his home, he recalled the moment of his arrest. translation: the fascist police came to my home to find me. they started to beat me with a leather strap, the whip, one on the left, one of the right, each with a whip. i was screaming. they didn't care. they had a radio on. my back was like a zebra.
he was sent to natzweiler, hidden high up in the mountains of alsace. while here, fellow prisoners who were artists also recorded the horrors they saw. translation: in natzweiler you were immediately afraid. you came in at the top and the gallows welcomed you. we were told there was none other than down there. there was no way out but the chimney. typhus was an ever present danger when the prisoners were regularly disinfected. translation: they shaved our heads, armpits and crotches. then they put us under the showers. boris told me prisoners neverforgot that next to the showers there was an oven and that night and day a stoker heaved human logs into it. translation: you can't avoid the smell of burning flesh.