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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 18, 2020 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm lewis vaughan jones. our top stories: kenneth starr, who investigated bill clinton before his impeachment, joins the team defending the current president as donald trump makes light of the proceedings against him: they have a good one now. even though they are trying to impeach the (bleep), can you believe it? anti—american chanting as iran's supreme leader defends the military over the accidental shooting down of the ukrainian airlines plane. record amounts of cocaine are being produced in colombia — much of it ends up in europe. so what happens when a user talks
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directly to a producer? so you never take cocaine yourself? and making history — the scottish brothers who've become the fastest trio to row 3000 miles across the atlantic. president trump's impeachment trial will properly get under way on tuesday, and today the white house unveiled an all star roster for its legal team. the defence will include the prosecutor from bill clinton's impeachment, kenn starr, as well as celebrity lawyer alan dershowitz, who's previous high profile clients include oj simpson and jeffrey epstein.
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0ur north america correspondent aleem maqbool looks at the key hirings ahead of next week's trial. it is what we have come to expect from donald trump. newly revealed members of his legal team are made for television heavyweights. in ken starr he also has a man considered a hero to the right. as independent counsel in the 1990s it was his investigation and the finding that bill clinton lied under oath about a relationship with an intern that led to the then president's impeachment. happy new year to you. away we go now. . . happy new year to you. away we go now... recently he has been a contributor to mr trump's news network of choice, speaking out against the current impeachment. in alan dershowitz he has one of the most high—profile lawyers in the country, one who represented mike tyson, 0.j. simpson and jeffrey epstein. he has also been vocally
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imposed —— opposed to the impeachment of president trump. both are likely to bring showmanship to the historic events of the coming weeks. earlier i spoke to jacquelin thomsen from the national lanournal, and asked her what implications these appointments had for the trump legal defence. i think we can certainly expect a show during this coming impeachment trial. the president has long been claiming that he has done nothing wrong involving the government of ukraine and the biden investigations and this is his opportunity to come out and for the first time ever really present his defence because he has not done so before now full dog gives an idea, this is such an unusual set of circumstances, what will happen as this goes forward? what will the trial actually look like? it is a trial but it is definitely a political proceeding as well. we will have opening arguments
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from the president's lawyers and opening arguments from the house prosecutors as well and then they will go back and forth. they will potentially have an opportunity for witnesses to call —— be called but that will ultimately be decided on by the republican ascendant. whether oi’ by the republican ascendant. whether or not they decide to call in witnesses is what it comes down to, it comes down to a maths problem whether or not they can get four republican senators to agree to call in such witnesses to tap this five —— testify. white house does not wa nt —— testify. white house does not want them, democrats do. so we're really coming down to a handful of to make that decision at the end of the day. so it is whether the senators decide to vote with their party or try and go against it. said it only takes a couple for things to really change. right. and we have already had a couple suggest that they would vote for witnesses. susan collins and mitt romney have both suggested that they would be interested in hearing from some of
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these people who include the former national security adviserjohn bolton. he said that if he were subpoenaed to take part in a trial he would comply. just returning, we heard in the report then, some of the names, ken starr, alan dershowitz, what do you think the president of the white house is thinking by bringing in these big names? what is the strategy behind that? well, alan dershowitz has been a strong defender of the president ever since the robert miller investigation. he does not necessarily agree with the president's politics but he does think the president has been u nfa i rly think the president has been unfairly targeted and what is happening right now is unconstitutional and it seems that what he will be arguing for centres around that. as mentioned earlier, ken starr has been a contributor to fox news and is a big conservative figure. even brett kavanagh used to
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work with ken starr so he has been involved and he knows the ins and outs of impeachment, he will be a real asset to the president going forward. the trial gets under way next week. the canadian prime minister, justin trudeau, has insisted that iran must pay compensation for the shooting down of the ukrainian airliner last week. 176 people were killed — 57 of those who died were canadian citizens. asa as a first step, the government will give families of the victims who are canadian citizens or permanent resident $25,000 per victim to assist with their immediate needs such as funeral arrangements and travel. this is a unique and unprecedented situation because of the international sanctions placed on iran —— iran and the difficulties that that imposes on these families. i want to be clear. we expect iran
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to compensate these families. i have met them. they cannot wait weeks, they need support now. earlier, iran's supreme leader called for national unity while launching another fierce attack on both the us and european nations. leading friday prayers for the first time in nearly a decade, ayatollah ali khamenei defended the country's armed forces after it admitted shooting down the ukraine passenger plane by mistake. here's our middle east correspondent, quentin sommerville. chanting. it's eight years since ayatollah ali khamenei led friday prayers. his central message hasn't changed much. translation: the evil us government keeps repeating that we stand beside iranian people.
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you are lying — even if you are standing beside iranian people, it is just so you can stab them with your poison daggers. "death to america, death to england", chanted the crowd. thousands were bussed in from local mosques and given banners to wave. the ayatollah‘s appearance, and these loyalists, are meant to project strength, at a time of weakness for iran. looking down from above, qasem soleimani — the country's ruthless regional fixer. his assassination by the united states has wounded iran. the accidental shooting down of the ukrainian passenger plane with iranians on board brought more trouble. angry crowds defaced the dead general‘s posters. in neighbouring iraq, iran and america continue their battle for influence. when iran and america fight, often it's iraq who bleeds. here in baghdad and across the country, there is a revolt against the government and against iranian influence. tehran has spent decades building up
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enormous power here. that power is now facing unprecedented pressure. they have been on these streets since october and caused the prime minister to resign and parliament to agree a new electoral law. but that's not enough. for many, iran and america are no longer welcome here. translation: i send a message to us and iran. we wish iraqis will not be either eastern or western. we want iraq to be ruled by iraqis. change was already coming here in iraq, but the killing of qasem soleimani on iraqi soil means it may come sooner. with enough trouble of their own, iraqis are fast losing patience with america and iran. quentin sommerville, bbc news, baghdad. let's get some of the day's other news. security forces in the chilean capital santiago have used tear gas against protesters.
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there have been months of demonstrations against the government of president sebastian pinera, with people demanding social reforms and changes to the constitution. dozens have died since the movement began in october. us congresswoman ayanna pressley has revealed she is completely bald because of the hair—loss condition alopecia. the massachusetts democrat told the root website that she started noticing her hair was falling out last autumn. she eventually went totally bald in december. later in the video which she shared on social media, she took off her wig — revealing her baldness for the first time in public. apple may be forced to abandon its ‘lightning' connector cable, as eu legislators push for tech companies to operate one universal charging system. apple argues the proposed regulation would stifle innovation and be disruptive to consumers. european regulators will vote on the cable on a yet—to—be—determined date.
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the french fashion designer jean paul gaultier has said his next show in paris will be his last. he presented his first individual collection more than a0 years ago, and has long been known for pushing boundaries and blurring the lines between men's and women's clothing. he says though that his work will go on. the colombian government says it's to restart aerial spraying of coca leaves with herbicide, in an effort to reduce the record levels of cocaine currently produced in the country. spraying was suspended in 2015 after a study found the chemical used could cause cancer. since then, the area under coca cultivation has tripled, with much of the cocaine produced ending up in the us. 0ur social affairs correspondent michael buchanan travelled to colombia to find out what else is behind the surge in production. in the middle of the andes, after a three—hour hike, i meet the foot soldiers
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of the cocaine trade. the farmers. how old are you? every two months, they harvest a crop of coca leaves. it pays them around £75 a month each, mainly for what they do with the leaves. they add a variety of toxins, including ammonia and petrol. the process creates this valuable paste, which the narcos are willing to kill for. colombia's indigenous groups are under attack, murdered for trying to rid their communities of criminal gangs. canas valasco was one of over 50 members of the nasa people killed last year, assassinated
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in front of his wife messa. colombia is producing more cocaine than ever before. a peace deal in 2016 ended the longest running civil war, but the agreement has allowed narco traffickers to expand their production and control of the cocaine trade. 0ne smuggler told me how easy it is to export the drug. the smuggler often hides the drug among the vast consignments of bananas that head overseas. he says he sends at least six tonnes of cocaine to europe annually.
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how many of those shipments would you expect to reach europe? the producers and consumers of cocaine both rely on each other, but rarely meet. so, i arrange for the coca farmers to speak to lewis, who we met last night, who occasionally takes the drug. so you never take cocaine yourselves? you feel a buzz, a rush, uplifted, you have plenty of energy, yeah, afterwards you feel terrible. thanks, guys. the farmer's advice turned lewis off
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cocaine, but many more are turning to the drug, creating problems in both colombia and the uk. and you can see more on this story in our world, colombia: the new cocaine war on bbc world news and the bbc news channel this weekend at the following times on your screen. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: how people who see the world differently, dubbed "neuro—diverse," can be an asset to employers. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washingtonm thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it is going to be only america first. america first.
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demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team we re gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with teargas and set up were attacked with teargas and set up on by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they will carry on the protests throughout the tour. they cold him the butcher of leon. klaas altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia. west germany wants to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. today he the gestapo chief class barbie. millions came to bait as close as possible to the spot. tide of humanity, it is believed by officials to have broken all records. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: president trump has revealed the team that will defend him in his senate impeachment trial. iran's supreme leader has
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defended the military over the accidental shooting down of the ukrainian passenger plane. glasgow — which is hosting a major un climate change summit later this year — is aiming to go completely carbon neutral by 2030. it aims to achieve this by radically cutting emissions, and planting enough trees to absorb the carbon in any remaining fumes. 0ur science editor david shukman reports from glasgow, in the latest part of the bbc‘s our planet matters series. from a proud history as an industrial powerhouse, glasgow now wants a future that is carbon neutral. no easy task in a city that depends on fossilfuel. its motorways encourage commuters to use their cars. the council's first move is with its gritting lorries. they run on diesel and are now being adapted to use cleaner hydrogen as well. they are as clean as possible... just one step, says the councillor
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in charge, anna richardson, of many needed in the next ten years. we need to work as quickly as we can to decarbonise this city, as do all cities across the world. a 2030 target is hugely challenging, certainly. and it is going to mean everybody has to work hard to achieve that. in your heart of hearts, do you think you could ever make it? i think we need to give it our absolute best shot. the biggest challenge in glasgow is that most people live in flats, many of them badly insulated, and nearly all heated by gas. in this social housing scheme, an old heating system is being removed to make way for a greener alternative. it's gone down well. new pumps draw warmth from the air. by contrast, another project on one of the poorest estates involves building this miniature power station. tenants we met described their shock at their bills, which went up by different amounts. worry, panic, anxiety. whether i'm gonna be able to afford it when the bill hits the mat. anxiety to the point of illness.
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the scheme was imposed on tenants. now, to a certain extent, that blindsided us. james and nick, in these tower blocks, are among thousands of tenants in this particular scheme and cube housing association and sse, which run it, told us they are committed to greener energy and to tackling fuel poverty. according to chris stark, the uk government's independent climate adviser, it is vital that everyone's views are heard. there is a huge risk in foisting upon people solutions that have not had a full process of public consent behind that, behind them. and that is the bit that we haven't done yet. already, more and more electricity, for glasgow and the rest of the country, is becoming cleaner. here on the edge of the city, there are plans to expand this wind farm and to fit solar panels, but getting to zero carbon power is still a big struggle.
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as things stand, it is hard to see how glasgow, or any major city, could possibly be carbon neutral in as little as ten years. but the council says it wants to send a signal that at least it's trying. and this comes at an important time. because an international summit on climate change is due to take place here in november, so the world will be watching what the city does. how welcoming is your workplace to those who are neuro—diverse? that's the term used to describe people with dyslexia, autism or other neurological differences. employers are increasingly trying to attract people with neurodiversity, and now one of the biggest record labels has produced a book aimed at making the working environment more inclusive. chichi izundu has more. put these goggles on and what they will do is turn your wold upside down. can you see?
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yes. now, try and shake my hand. pleasure to meet you. a small gesture that happens all the time in a workplace. but what if you are neurodiverse? neurodiverse people, those with adhd, dyspraxia, dyslexia and the autism spectrum, can sometimes struggle in a work environment. something universal music uk wants to change. they acknowledge some of their work practices and processes were probably stopping neurodiverse people from even applying forjobs with them. to help support our existing staff and also reach out to all of our untapped talent out there. that is why we are doing it. there are brilliant folk out there that we have already spoken to as part of this research that wouldn't even consider applying to the likes of us are indeed many companies. but not everywhere operates like universal music. 31—year—old yvonne is a marketing consultant who works in a typical office. coloured books, it helps me
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distinguish what is going on in terms of information, i can dial down to what is important and see it clearly. so you only near a diversion? yes, i am. so, i am dyslexic. my ds and bs tend to get mixed up, i don't easily recognise errors, in terms of spelling, punctuation and grammar. when i told my previous line manager, in regards to the fact that i was dyslexic, they worked pretty quickly and we were able to adjust my working environment to meet my needs. 0ne one need that is often not meant as even how you apply for a job. applying can be tricky for some. employers still expect you to fill out an application form, and if you have a nero diversity like dyslexia, but can be challenging. so how about sending ina but can be challenging. so how about sending in a short video explaining exactly why you are the right person for thejob instead? exactly why you are the right person for the job instead? matt exactly why you are the right person for thejob instead? matt boyd started the neurodiverse recruitment agency exceptional individuals. he could not get a job because of his dyslexia. many of our community that we work with have been told what they are bad out, not what they are
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good at. when they get to the workplace, if employers can focus on the benefits understrength areas of the benefits understrength areas of the and society as a whole, it will make a big difference for everybody with adhd, dyslexia and autism. there are employers who actively seek nero diverse people, like the intelligence agency gchq. -- neurodiverse. and the government does offer a ground for employers to help meet the needs of neurodiverse people. but until the traditional way of what changes they are a community who will continue not to be included in any diversity conversation. three brothers from edinburgh have set a series of world records after rowing across the atlantic ocean in just 35 days. lachlan, jamie and ewan maclane are the fastest and youngest trio to row across the atlantic, and the first team of siblings to cross any ocean. our scotland correspondent lorna gordon reports. a record—breaking row, in a show of sibling courage.
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been a tough day. conditions are not great. in fact, at times, conditions were awful, lachlan, jamie and ewan maclean overcoming seasickness, dehydration and exhaustion in their epic row across the atlantic. being brothers was, they said, a help, not hindrance when times got tough. after 35 days and nights being at sea, the body is starting to get some pretty sore aches and pains. after more than a month at sea, the end in sight for the trio of brothers. with notjust one record on the horizon, but three. cheering. it has been utterly incredible. and so surreal. being, you know, on a boat withjust three of us for 35 days. yeah, you are in your own wee bubble. so hearing other people's voices and then all the other boats, their horns start going off when you come across the finishing. bizarre.
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the maclean brothers said they had no rowing experience before training for their 3000—mile adventure. they have now raised tens of thousands for charity, in what one of them called the defining experience of his life. well done to them. authorities in italy have discovered a painting by austrian artist gustav klimpt stolen 23 years ago, believed to be worth some $60 million. the painting portrait of a lady was taken from a gallery in the city of piacenza, with investigators believing the art work to have been stolen through a skylight. but in december a worker discovered a hidden compartment on the gallery's outer wall with the painting stashed inside, and the piece has now been confirmed as authentic. a quick reminder of our top story. donald trump has chosen prosecutors from the 1998 impeachment of president clinton for his own trial.
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mist and president clinton for his own trial. mistand trump president clinton for his own trial. mist and trump has appointed ken starr and alan grey, and alan dershowitz, his past clients included 0.j. simpson and jeffrey epstein. you can get me anytime on twitter. i'm @lvaughanjones. hello. so much of the past week and indeed so much of the year for us far seems to have been dominated by cloud and wind and rain. at least there was something of a change on friday. it was a bright but really quite showery day for some, and of course a slightly higher levels in scotla nd course a slightly higher levels in scotland it has led to a covering of snow. but at last, just in time for the weekend, we can talk about drier and sunny weather. it is the other face of winter. they will be some nighttime frost and some ice around. and here is the set up. low pressure
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still close by to the north of the british isles over the past few hours, and it doesn't look very promising when we looked out into the atlantic. low pressure driving away towards the bay of biscay, and just—in—time for the weekend to settle things nicely, a big area of high pressure and it keeps on doing it stop. for the most part, that goes on into the middle of the forthcoming week as well. that is a real transformation, but the weekend will start much colder, with a hint of frost about it, something that many of you will not have seen for a while. at least it means it is going to be drier and sunnier as well. yes, there are still showers to be had on this north—westerly wind, most noticeable across the north—eastern quarter of scotland and through the northern isles. no more than 12, 13, 1a, where it has beenin more than 12, 13, 1a, where it has been in places over the past few days. temperatures resolutely there and single figures. clear skies persisting under the influence of that area of high pressure. there will be a widespread frost away from
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the coast as we start sunday. some places will get “11 —5, something in that order. here we go again. lots of dry, fine, sunny, crisp winter weather. the exception, perhaps this south—westerly, and more cloud just keeping the north—western quarter of scotla nd keeping the north—western quarter of scotland that we bit milder. they are, the sunshine tempered by the amount of cloud. elsewhere it could be wall—to—wall sunshine. from sunday into monday, a cold and frosty start for the southern half of the british isles. milder in place across the north. watch out, it could be more extensive, fog patches for the commute on monday, but essentially, it is much the same sort of affair. the exception, thicker cloud may be producing the odd spot of rain through the northern and western isles. and as i ta ke northern and western isles. and as i take you on into the forthcoming week, under the influence of that high pressure, perhaps a subtle change in wind directions mayjust mean that many more of us get that mild hour, but it will stay dry for
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most.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: the white house has confirmed who will be in the legal team which will defend president trump in his impeachment trial. it will include ken starr — the main prosecutor from bill clinton's impeachment — as well as the lawyer alan dershowitz, whose clients included oj simpson and jeffrey epstein. iran's supreme leader ayatollah ali khamenei has defended the country's armed forces after it admitted shooting down a passenger plane by mistake. canada's prime minister, justin trudeau, says iran must pay compensation to the 176 people who were killed — 57 of those were canadian citizens. security forces in the chilean capital santiago have used tear gas against protesters. there have been months of demonstrations against the government of president sebastian pinera, with people demanding social reforms and changes to the constitution. dozens have died since
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the movement began in october.

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