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tv   Coronavirus  BBC News  March 20, 2020 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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sweeping and extraordinary measures to deal with coronavirus — the forced closure of pubs, otherwise, a little bit less wind, restaurants, and gyms, so feeling a little less chilly. and an unprecedented rescue package for workers and businesses. life in our public places is shrinking out of all recognition, as the prime minister pleaded hello, this is bbc news. the headlines. the devasting effects of coronavirus. pubs, restaurants, with people to stay at home. and gyms are among the places ordered to close — you may think that you're as an unprecedented rescue invincible, but there is no package is unveiled guarantee that you will get mild for workers and businesses. symptoms and you can still be a carrier of the disease the government will pay all employees 80% of their salary — and pass it on to others. up to 2,500 pounds a month — the chancellor said it was one it came as the government promised of the most comprehensive set to pay all employees 80% of their salary, of measures in the world. up to £2,500 a month — life as we know it is an unprecedented move, changing dramatically — with the prime minister urging said the chancellor. today, i can announce that people to stay at home. for the first time in our history it comes as scientists warn it could be almost 12 months before social distancing measures are lifted — in order not to overload the nhs. a major london hospital becomes the first in the uk to temporarily run out of critical
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care capacity for coronavirus patients. and now on bbc news, victoria derbyshire has the latest information and health advice on the coronavirus outbreak. though, and welcome to this special programme. i'm never one and over the next half an hour we are going to try to tell you as much as we can about coronavirus and we can help you and you could share the information with others. for the latest of the spread of the disease can latest of the spread of the disease ca n always latest of the spread of the disease can always had our website for information on how it is affecting people in your community and your country. the first use the bbchealth
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science reporter laura foster what coronavirus is. coronavirus is are a type of virus, the one we are all talking about is new and it causes the disease called covid—19. most people will only be mildly affected by it, but it can kill. it starts by infecting your upper respiratory tra cts infecting your upper respiratory tracts which are the airways from your nose to just above your vocal cords. may develop a fever as your immune system starts to fight the virus. ina immune system starts to fight the virus. in a dry cough. that's when we don't produce any phlegm. the proceeds back to the lungs make it ha rd proceeds back to the lungs make it hard for people to breathe and it can cause pneumonia. the most serious cases people can die from the coronavirus. this is because the immune system can go into overdrive and that can lead to organ failure. so we need to do what we can to stop this virus from spreading. as he gets into your body by breathing it in with your eyes and mouth, the best thing to do was wash her hands regularly and properly for at least
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20 seconds. catch a cold and seizes ina 20 seconds. catch a cold and seizes in a tissue and avoid touching your face. when the most common person symptoms are right cough or fever, what else are there to look out for? the two main symptoms of coronavirus to look out for are a continuous dry cough and ora to look out for are a continuous dry cough and or a fever. if you are sneezing a lot, got a runny nose or a headache, you may be ill but you probably have not got coronavirus. so how high a fever is a coronavirus one, and what exactly is a continuous dry cough? it's when you cough and there's no mucus or phlegm. basically no gooey substance in your tissue. this is not the odd cough here or there, it has to be coughing regularly for no other reason such as clearing your throat or smoking. so how high a fever is a coronavirus fever? if you have one you will know about it. technically it's a body temperature of more than
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37.8 celsius, or 100 fahrenheit he can but if you have not got a thermometer basically you will feel hot in your chest and back will be hot in your chest and back will be hot if someone touched you. if you have either of these symptoms you need to stay at home for seven days. if you live with other people they need to stay—at—home for at least 1a days. if your symptoms get worse or do not go away commit if you live in the uk then you need to contact the online nhs111 coronavirus service. if you live abroad call your local health care provider. as you saw on the report health authorities around the report health authorities around the world have been saying from the start of the outbreak that washing your hands is key to preventing the virus from spreading. it sounds like an easy thing to deal, but there's definitely a right way and a wrong way. washing your hands often and for at least 20 seconds is vital in helping to stop the spread of coronavirus. not sure how to? here's how to make sure you watch until the end we've got a special treat for you. first we create a leather. 0n
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the back of my hands. in between figures. to the ends of my fingers as well. i get on my palms, on my wrists. the top of my hands again and rinse. but i'm going to use a tissue, to turn off the tap to stop cross—contamination. so that's how to wash her hands properly, but now here's your surprise. millions of us across the world are being told to self—isolate. that essentially means shutting yourself off from contact with anyone else? it's been recommended for anyone suffering with flu—like symptoms as well as those who are at risk such as people over 70 or those with
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underlying conditions like asthma and type one diabetes. but what is self isolation involved ? and type one diabetes. but what is self isolation involved? here's the bbc‘s medical correspondent fergus walsh. if you are told to to self—isolate, that means is staying at home. not going to work, school or other public places, you should not have any visitors. if you develop symptoms, a fever or cough and seek advice first by phone, don'tjust turn and seek advice first by phone, don't just turn up and seek advice first by phone, don'tjust turn up at a medical centre or hospital. if you live with others then you need to stay in a well ventilated bedroom with the door shut. if you have to share a bathroom then use it after everyone else. don't share towels and toiletries. your waist should be
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double bagged. if you test positive, it will be separately disposed of. if you live on your own you can order shopping online or get friends to help. but they should leave it on the doorstep. the coronavirus causes a mild illness forfour out the doorstep. the coronavirus causes a mild illness for four out of five people. self isolating will help protect older people and those with underlying health problems from getting infected. 0ne underlying health problems from getting infected. one of the main ways to stop yourself from contracting coronavirus is to not touch your face. that can sometimes be pretty difficult. here's why. don't touch your face. contagious. i have not touched my face in weeks.
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we cannot help it, it's part of our dna, we are hard—wired to do it. we know this because humans as young as foetuses in your utero touch their faces. every time you tell yourself don't touch herface, if i faces. every time you tell yourself don't touch her face, if i touch faces. every time you tell yourself don't touch herface, if i touch my face and going to get ill you're telling yourself to do something that's entirely unnatural to you. when we touch our faces what we are really doing is calling ourselves down. when we touch certain areas of our faces we down. when we touch certain areas of ourfaces we are down. when we touch certain areas of our faces we are really doing is activating certain pressure points which then activate something called the parasympathetic nervous system which is the thing that makes us calm ourselves down internally. it isa calm ourselves down internally. it is a response in dogs and cats were children often model the same behaviour as their parents, so if our parents when there shocked they touch their faces were surprised touch their faces were surprised touch their faces were surprised touch the faces, or upset touch their faces, touch the faces, or upset touch theirfaces, we are much more likely to do exactly the same thing. the irony is that a time where it's more
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important than ever to not touch her face, unconsciously your mind is co nsta ntly face, unconsciously your mind is constantly moving to a place where it can better protect you. i do not think that he knows will soothe you and so your unconscious mind will prompt your hands to go straight to yourface. whilst prompt your hands to go straight to your face. whilst it's almost impossible to totally stop touching herface a key impossible to totally stop touching her face a key way that you can go about making it easier from you to ta ke about making it easier from you to take out the habits which lead you to do it to mess that might mean wearing glasses instead of contact lenses, my me weighing less makeup so don't have to type it up for it throughout the day. might also be creating habits around how to use your answer rather than always moving around and have your hands like this and making it so easy for them to land on your face, like this and making it so easy for them to land on yourface, making an effort to cross your hands and put them on your lap. then when the urge comes to pick her hands up and touch your face you will be more aware of what you're doing and catch
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yourself. i cleaned my hands before he touched my face. next one of the common images is people wearing masks on public transport come at you with some of the world present most famous cases. but how effective are masks and stopping the spread? one of the reasons people wear masks as they think it's going to protect them from virus. but the virus is not floating around in the air. so it's not protecting me against anything comest because it's not there. it's probably going to be on my hand because of shaking hands with someone who has got the virus. and i have transmitted it, i have carried the virus. to my face. if you are in an environment where everybody else is bring a facemask
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and you are not that it may make you feel vulnerable because you feel that you don't have the protection everyone else does. logically, if you are not close to people and they are not coughing and sneezing on you thena are not coughing and sneezing on you then a facemask is not necessary. the rose inches the body through mucous membranes, the eyes, nose and mouth. and it transmitted from person to person generally by us touching our eyes, nose or mouth. or if we are inhaling droplets directly from someone who is a sneezing or coughing. the best way for the general public to protect itself against coronavirus and other respiratory viruses is really careful hand hygiene, studs wash your hands with either soap and water or alcohol gel of soap and water or alcohol gel of soap and water is not available. especially when you think that you've been exposed, so if you've been out in public places and touching surfaces that other people might have touched that other people might have touched that really is the best way in bringing attention to them and my
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touching my face? one of the problems it gives lots of people who don't need facemasks are using facemasks or stockpiling them means that there are not enough facemasks available where they are really needed. for people like health care workers were on the front line and dealing with suspect or confirmed coronavirus cases. the vast majority of people are not susceptible to getting a severe infection. for most people it's a mild illness or like having a cold or cough or the flu. it's the older people with these things that are at risk. you don't need to panic by facemasks. throughout the week bbc news we are trying to answer as many of your questions as possible. there's so many. minimum we will hearfrom doctor rebecca cooper, a public health concert consultant in the uk working on the coronavirus outbreak internationally. at first here's doctorjeremy oliver, a clinical
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psychologist with expertise in well—being explaining how people can manage their mental health during this crisis. anxiety is to and understandable. what i would say is anxiety is generally felt both in the head and also in the body as well. and so you are turning questions over and over again in your mind wanted to get answers. and that's exhausting. it's on your body to be on alert all the time. where possible try and have a section of the day were you try to answer the questions you've got the look online to watch programmes like this would also give yourself a break. recognise that there are some questions you won't be able to a nswer questions you won't be able to answer like a key question might be in my going to get the virus? no epidemiologist can tell you, you can watch red dots on a map but that's not going to tell you what you get the virus. the question you can answer, so try and change at your practical question, what can i do to help myself stop from getting the virus? or what can i do to stop other people from getting it? there's plenty of information about that. is cracked through. so many as
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isaid. i that. is cracked through. so many as i said. i run a large retail shop, to staff have been isolated for coronavirus. as have they all the symptoms. leverage and store with these people for two to three days but not realising it was the start of the virus. and before being isolated. should we now be isolating all staff and those who volunteered for 1h days for all who came into contact with them? in terms of what you should do for the staff, if there staff that have demonstrated symptoms and if you have working close contact with the staff then you should now think about isolating yourself, but obviously i understand about businesses, is tricky but i think for the public health we need to be really aware that we are trying to minimise the spread of the infection now and have staff have shown symptoms we should think about isolated now. nicholas says i'm a single parent, i lost my husband 18 months ago to cancer. my twin girls
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age seven who are scared to death if i catch this virus who will look after them? i i catch this virus who will look after them ? i already i catch this virus who will look after them? i already take two immune suppressant drugs for arthritis and have a poor resistance your chest infections every year how cani your chest infections every year how can i stop at that and look after my kids if i get sick, the grandparents are in the at risk is category and my mum just had a stroke a few weeks ago. i will really struggle if i get sick and have to go into hospital. what happens to the kids if so many people are in self isolation? that's a message that is representative of quite a few messages that are coming m, quite a few messages that are coming in, single parents, parents and single parent with a health issue and understandably really stressed and understandably really stressed and worried. absolutely. i really think as you say, that's going to affect a lot of people. but we are doing locally is that we are, and i'm sure it's happening around the country, setting up community groups that we are aware that there's vulnerable people in our community and we are starting to reach out and
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saying if you need help contact us at the local labour counsellor i can speak to constituents get in touch with the council and try and arrange a help to arrange appropriate help. so there are community groups in your area we can encourage you to get involved with them in the cup we your local counsellor is can we get in touch with us but we are there to represent you and speak to different services and try to help you as best you can. we were not allowed at understand you might think that you are, but you really are not. committees will step up and as a local counsellor because they were there to help and advocate for you as well. for somebody that has ocd this is really a lot. people with ocd may have various different sorts of his obsessions. fear co nta m i nates different sorts of his obsessions. fear contaminates meant may be one of those. people think through treatment, their psychological
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treatment, their psychological treatment for ocd will be teaching them that the environment and world is not the feared place that they think it is. so for some people it will potentially undermine the treatment. it will make people think that they were right all along and right to be fearful. a cool feature of ocd is if somebody feels that there act has not been done properly the off and then feel compelled to redo it. to reassure themselves that they have done the compulsion properly. for handwashing it can sometimes be what motivates people to keep on washing their hands, because they will think, well not sure i watched the base of my thumb properly, i will have to repeat that and they start to fixate on, idid repeat that and they start to fixate on, i did not count that time, some of you did not wash it for 20 seconds at a time. it may then lead toa seconds at a time. it may then lead to a repeated chain of handwashing.
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being told to self—isolate can cause some concern as it could make the person think this is a serious situation and it may bring about relief to somebody who is anxious, they might find it difficult to leave the house anyway, but they also may have avoided in the past going out because they fear that they cannot control the environment outside the house. i think that some positive things that people can do that they don't make their condition worse is staying in touch with people. if they are self isolating make sure that they're still from contact make sure that they're still from co nta ct to make sure that they're still from contact to make sure that there is contact to make sure that there is contact via video messaging platforms. so that they stay connected to people. make sure that they do things that are distracting, so think them i enjoy doing to my jobs around the house which might distract them from these sorts but
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that's another key message. in the third thing is to make sure that we follow the advice, that don't upscale and excessively had watch and excessively clean because that's going to make the situation worse. it would only usually be if somebody had a predisposition to ocd. of course there's the risk that in this outbreak people could become very focused on something and could become very obsessed with handwashing, and that repetition and that temporary relief that brings may set off a pattern of obsessive—compulsive symptoms. it's possible, it's not a high risk, it's not the case that the coronavirus will excessively increase the insta nce will excessively increase the instance of ocd in the country or
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the world. but it is possible that for some individuals may lead to ocd symptoms, and it may bring that diagnosis about. across the road medical research is arresting to find a vaccine for the virus but it's thought that could be up to a year to 18 months away. the bbc science correspondent richard wescott had to give it special access to a team at cambridge university were trying to find the key to beating the disease. the race to find a vaccine for coronavirus did not start in the lab. it started on the computer. so this is the dna of coronavirus? yes it is. within weeks of the outbreak it had been read and put online for scientists around the world to access. like many others, the cambridge steve it's me using it to find exactly what they're up against. the sequence what they're up against. the sequence helps us understand how the
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virus actually looks, and in terms of its physical properties and that is really important, because the spike protein that you can see around the edge of the virus, that's what we need the antibodies to attach to to prevent the virus from entering ourselves. so these letters give you a picture of what it looks like and then you have to attack it? things which are tightly sealed lab. they have not cut the actual virus in here yet but they are early tests are done on safer, man—made copies of parts of the virus. this is a highly restricted lab very few people allowed inside and we are not allowed inside, but we will be able to talk to jonathan who allowed inside, but we will be able to talk tojonathan who is leading the research using a bit of technology to get a hold of him. hi, can you hear me? hello. nice to see you. are you collaborated with other people around the world and we have experts like you chatting online sharing ideas about what to do next.
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is that huge global effort and i was in australia before. i was in british columbia and the us we had teleco nferences british columbia and the us we had teleconferences daily on the state of the situation. the variability of the transmission dynamics, it really trying to get as much information from the epidemic that will help us develop the very best vaccine as quickly as possible. have you ever know anything like this your career interests of the speed that has happened? no, this is really unique. certainly has spread very quickly. it is caught everybody off—guard. they have already begun testing possible coronavirus vaccines on animals. but to be sure it's safe and effective it could be next summer before a human version is finally approved. richard wescott on the race to find a vaccine for this virus. there will the number of people who have died from the virus
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continues to rise, at the same time tens of thousands of people are recovering. including julie from singapore. he told the bbc about the isolation and recovery. did not have anything, not even a sniffle or cough. however, on the 7th of february cannot really early in the morning like three o'clock in the morning, i woke up and the room was spinning. isolation is basically forced. i got my food through a secure hatch. my medication, my change of clothing, my towel. you can text someone, you
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may have a video call, butjust being completely no human interaction, i almost felt like i wa nted interaction, i almost felt like i wanted to go knock on the wall and talk to the other patient next door, just have some conversation with a human being. when i was going to the critical stage one of the thing i encountered was reading. it was just so labourious trying to get to my bed from the bathroom which was five metres away. just walking to the bathroom and it was just challenging. finally come around the world, despite the devastating impact the virus is having on tens of millions of us many are coming together in a cts of us many are coming together in acts of solidarity. here are just a few exa m ples. acts of solidarity. here are just a few examples. music.
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singing. music. applause. that's it for now, a reminder you can keep up—to—date with the latest on the virus on the bbc news website. i never want to do contact me on twitter with your stories anytime and thank you for watching. hello. many of us had a dry day on friday, and the dry weather is likely
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to last through the weekend. but notjust through the weekend, but into next week as well. and with it over the weekend, plenty of sunshine and the reason is because we are tapping into some pretty dry air coming across scandinavia, over the baltic states and into western russia. but it is notjust dry, it is pretty cold air as well, bearing in mind this time of year the north sea is about as cold as it gets with that keen easterly wind blowing over that cold sea. i think we will all notice the chill. it has certainly been around across southern areas during the day on friday and will remain with us. you can see that throughout the weekend. so, we won't see temperatures quite reaching where they should do normally at this time of year. so, saturday starts on a frosty note for most of us away from the south. still some lingering cloud from the weak weather front we had during the day here, and it could still be just a little bit damp across the far south and west. but plenty of sunshine elsewhere. only sevens and eights on the north sea coast as i explained it's pretty chilly, with a bit more high cloud filtering into northern ireland later. the weak weather front approaching as we go through saturday night into sunday and a bit of a high picked up off the north sea.
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but actually still going to be largely clear and cold with a widespread frost as we go into sunday morning. milder in the south as well and more notable. but this low cloud should lift and break, so the sunshine should come out across the eastern areas of scotland and england eventually, just a teeny bit of cloud we hope lingering by this stage for that with the front bringing more cloud into the far north—west. but for most of us, it's a dry day with plenty of sunshine and slightly lighter winds on sunday because we are switching the direction somewhat from the east to more of a southeasterly, and we have also got this dominant low pressure close to iceland and i think you will feel the effects of its weather front in the far north—west. so although mostly dry, it won't be dry for all. but as that weather front does meander south into the area of high—pressure, the rain will fizzle out and it will weaken. a bit more chilly as we go into monday morning, always a risk i think with high—pressure stagnating that we could see some mist and fog around. but generally speaking
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with the winds switching to the southerly, temperatures looked a little bit more and you can see from monday, monday night, some rain to come. mostly north of the great glen over the highlands and islands, but coming into northern ireland at times. but for many others, it is still dry and settled, temperatures are lifting to the average as we get through to tuesday because we have got lighter winds and they're coming out from the south and not from the east or south—east. that weather front is still with us towards the north on wednesday, so we will have to watch rainfall amounts, but gradually speaking or generally speaking as they come into that area of high—pressure and make their way into parts of scotland and northern ireland, they tend to peter out. just there'll be more cloud around. so, we do have some rain, but as i say, it is going to be largely for the north and the west. that is because the jet seems still quite strong to the north of us, allowing the high—pressure to build from the south and itjust weakens a little bit midweek, but by the time we get to next weekend, it's reestablishing itself across the uk. so, again, we have got dry weather potentially as we head into next weekend and that could be with us
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for nine or ten days of largely dry and settled weather, something we have not had for a long time. as i say, it has been a wet autumn and a wet winter as well. of course it will be cool by night under the clear skies and there will be a rain risk particularly for the north and west. please stay tuned for more details. 00:29:20,358 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 bye— bye.
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