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tv   Bloomberg West  Bloomberg  July 14, 2015 11:30pm-12:01am EDT

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perks are nice. but the best thing you can give your business is comcast business. comcast business. built for business. emily: the u.s. and iran make nuclear history. but will be deal lead to increased cyber spying? ♪ emily: i am emily chang, this is "bloomberg west." say hello to pluto, we will look at how nasa got images of the dwarf lannett, and the extra and here in space exploration. plus a chipmaker bought -- offered micron a big deal.
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there is a new backlash from authors an independent booksellers, all of that ahead on "bloomberg west." . world powers reach a landmark deal with iran. iran's nuclear activities will be scaled back so they cannot build a nuclear weapon. in exchange, sanctions that have crippled the economy will be lifted. iran will get rid of uranium remember -- remove two thirds of its centrifuges. they will allow online monitoring iv international atomic energy agency. here is leon -- liam, who specializes in the nature of security breaches. we also have jordan from washington dc. we also have edward.
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thank you so much for joining us. professor iran used to produce uranium at 93%, that was brought down to 20%, now 3.67% how landmark is this deal? professor: this deal is adequate to ensure they will not build nuclear weapons in my opinion. emily: what does that mean? professor: what is -- that is what most of the reactors run on. almost every other country has the normal enrichment for nuclear power. emily: you think the most important words are? professor: you look at article 15 and it says iran will allow online monitoring and use electronic steel.
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that means we can look at every pipe in the system and look at enrichment going around in their isotope separation cascade. emily: i wonder, there is going to be huge pressure on the united states to survey iran activity. could we see more spying? jordan: it is an interesting question. certainly there will be less incentive on the u.s. part to pursue destructive cyberattacks because there is this deal. you cannot imagine a situation in which the white house would go to fort meade and tell them to stop spying on iran to make sure this is proceeding as planned. you could imagine the opposite. there could be increased cyber spying, not with a destructive aim, but in terms of surveillance and intelligence gathering. you cannot imagine a situation in which that stops.
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emily: are we going to see more malicious malware, or other kinds of surveillance? liam: that's right. we don't know exactly who would still have motivation to sabotage the centrifuges, but there could be that has ability -- possibility. it is more likely to see espionage. what was promised in the negotiations -- that being held up, we expect a huge increase in espionage. we expect that to continue. emily: what is your take professor? professor: my way was largely failure. it is like telling only taxicab
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drivers to drive it 90 miles per hour across town and come to a complete stop. it was code written to controllers that was quickly found out. it did not destroy that many centrifuges, and it morphed into something that did more damage here. emily: jordan, you have said this is like the gold standard for hackers. how does a program like that get developed? how would it happen again today? jordan: stuff that was the model for one of the most advanced cyber attacks have seen, the scale and ambition was beyond anything we had seen. it had the fatal fall it got out. that is the only reason we know about it. they goes to show, programs like that when dealing with this type of activity, there are a lot of imperfections and unknowns that need to be worked out. a big question is we don't know
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worlds the u.s. and israel could have used similar programs. have they used them against north korea? there are still a lot of unanswered questions. i wouldn't expect a sus next part two, we could expect more surveillance. emily:liam what is your take on what else we could see and how that could compare to the way that stocks net -- stuxnet were planned for it -- planned. liam: we have seen a lot of espionage around the g-8 summit the g-20 him and particularly the g5 plus one.
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we have most recently seen attacks at hotels where the negotiators are staying, they were being hacked so hackers could spy on the people in the hotels. that is the level of espionage we're looking at right now. there is probably more going on than what we are aware of. clearly, any sort of international associations are highly prized targets. emily: professor, what will you be watching? professor: i will be watching with the engineers and scientists actually have access to and what they're doing. i will be seeing if they can verify the terms. emily: thank you so much. in today's dealmakers, china's unit group plans to offer $20
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billion to micron technology. micron was up over 12% today marking its biggest day in 18 months. if the deal goes through it would be the largest chinese takeover of a u.s. company. at $21 a share it is considered cheap. it would give china -- it would make china the fifth largest chipmaker. the group is actually founded by one of china's top schools, tsinghua university. coming up, one videogame maker may have kate upton to thank for
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helping it reached unicorn status. plus the edges of the solar system are within nasa's reach. the new things we are learning from the mission to pluto. next. ♪
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emily: we talk about u.s. unicorns, startups that have received a billion plus evaluations. the surge of private investment is on par with the other side of the world. there were 13 created in asia versus the u.s., 30.
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on that note, the unicorn of the day is machine zone, the maker of game of war famous for their kate upton commercials. they received offers at $6 billion. here is an image of a planet captured by nasa's new horizon. it soared past pluto early this morning. it has travels more than 3 billion -- trillion miles. it will take nearly a year and a half to retrieve all of the data that it has collected. today's pictures are telling us a lot about the edges of the solar system. joining us now with more we have planet lab's dr. chris. we also have dr. michael charest
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from new york. he is a curator at the american museum of natural history. chris, i will start with you this took nine years, why? tell us about the technology. chris: pluto is far away. to have a spacecraft that can last for nine years of hard. it needed heaters, and it needed to travel a long distance, that is how long it takes. emily: michael, how historic is this? michael: it was extraordinarily difficult. tremendous perseverance on the part of nasa, allen stern, all of the hundreds of people involved, putting the great technology together. we have wanted to take a look at what is going on out there.
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we have never had a clue, now suddenly we are getting this magnificent image, and i am sure thousands more. emily: how to the design spacecraft that can withstand these conditions? chris: space is very cold. the earth keeps us warm. that is not true in deep space. new horizons, the spacecraft carries a thermal generator that generates power and heat to keep the spacecraft alive. you cannot use solar power because you are too far from the sun. emily: michael, we are learning new things about pluto, but what are the most significant things you would say we have learned?
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michael: we can see that there is geology. there is a lot going on on the planet and whether going on. it is not the same kind of ice watery clouds, there is clearly methane ammonia, nitrogen, substances we normally do not think of for weathering processes. craters are seen on pluto. there are also geological features that could either be valleys, canyons maybe there is some surface stuff going on that is carving this surface. there is going to be a lot more clues for unraveling the history of pluto. we do now know for the first time it is the weakest object out there. there was a tossup between it and heiress -- aris.
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pluto has won the contest. emily: that's so crazy, we now know exactly how big leto is -- pluto is. chris: pluto was discovered in the mid-20th century, and the time it takes to go around the sun is 248 years. since we have discovered it, it has not orbited the earth once. navigating to pluto was hard because we did not know if it was big and close, or small and far away. this will tell us a lot about the formation of the solar system, howdy planets are formed, what else is out there. emily: there is also a polar ice cap. what are the implications of that?
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michael: i prefer never to say never until we actually land on pluto and drilled deep underneath the surface, i do not think we'll know for sure. i think it is very unlikely, but the fact that there is both urology and solar cap's -- polar caps, that these caps -- will move the frozen liquids the nitrogen, methane, ammonia, from one side of the planet to the other are all extraordinarily interesting. the only sad thing about new horizons, is a cannot hang around. we did not have the energy to send along thrusters to put it into orbit. we will collect more data and will soon send it back in the space of just one day that we
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have learned in 85 years since pluto was discovered. emily: what other missions are possible? chris: pluto has not gotten a lot of attention. this mission was hard to fund. now that they have gone, they have been proven right. it is fascinating and more complex than imagined. there is a lot of other stuff in the solar system that is worth exploring. emily: i am fascinated. thank you both. now a look at a stock we are watching it briefly shot up as much as 8.5% on a fake report of a $31 billion buyout.
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within 10 minutes, more than 480 $1 million worth of twitter shares traded above $37 and $.26. twitter still close higher for the day. here is what happened a website made to look like bloombergs -- bloomberg's newspage hit the web. we later learned it was registered to a po box in panama. these exchange -- the exchange commission is looking into possible market manipulation. coming up, the jeopardy winning supercomputer is learning arabic. we will tell you why ibm is bringing watson to the middle east. ♪
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emily: one number that tells the whole lot in today's market is $1.8 billion -- 1.8 billion. that is the time a 10 -- hen was watched on youtube. here is a recap of the rise to stardom. they posted the first cartoon in 2006. within months, it generated more than half a million hits. that is not all, creators have plans to go global, starting with the u.s.. they are also developing a tv show. you know ibm's watson supercomputer for crushing the competition in jeopardy.
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>> what is a caution -- focac cia. >> that's it. emily: they are expanding and today ibm announced the latest is a deal with the other dobby investment firm to bring watson to the middle east and teach it arabic. joining us from new york is stephen. stephen: it is an opportunity to bring the power of watson to a very important region. it is a region growing at an exceptional pace. it is all about a new way to compute. is a system that understands natural language and has an appetite for information, most importantly it is a system that
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learns. in the middle east, we will open this up to organizations to truly innovate new ideas. emily: there is so much curiosity around watson as a business, can you talk about how this project fits into ibm and their broader business strategy? how much have the invested and generated -- they invested and generated? stephen: the strategy has to -- has been to proliferate the use of the style of communing -- computing. we started with one service. today we are present in many industries. the announcement builds on a strategy that goes back to december, when we announced a partnership. we are building out a vision of how innovation takes form, and how ibm as part of its strategy
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will bring more value to the marketplace. emily: do developers pay to use watson in and out -- in and out -- app? stephen: we went in their direction. it is only when they deploy and successfully commercialize the technology do we share. in addition to technology we bring the ibm brand come the watson capabilities, our marketing presence, and introduction to new territories. emily: in the last year, we have heard about the fear of i-8 -- ai. how do you respond to those fears? stephen: watson is about enhancing accelerating personal expertise.
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it is about making you and i better. it is not about the science fiction that we see in movies. it is about how we impart rater value and outcome in -- greater value and outcome in our existence. emily: what industry has watson been these -- the most successful? stephen: the way that clinicians give quality care, we have also extended into retail travel manufacturing. we are in the six industries. -- 26 industries. emily: thank you so much for giving us an update. that doesn't it for this edition of "bloomberg west." tomorrow, amazon turns 20 years old. ♪
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