beware, saidkets voices face a near hawkish tone while governor kuroda signals there more easing to come in japan. brexit battle. kenny joins kearny in a morning on leaving the eu. and brazil's new dawn, the government's first day on the job. we assess the enormity of the talk ahead. welcome to "the pulse" live from bloomberg's european headquarters in london. we had a couple of gdp figures
from germany and we are now getting gdp from the italian economy, growing 0.3% in the first quarter. the vague question is whether a lot of this growth comes from the ecb and a lower euro or whether it comes from sustainable growth thanks to reforms put in place for example by the italian government. gdp growthent, that pretty much in line. this is your market, or these are your markets this morning. stocks in europe dropping a touch because we had quite a lot of earnings that disappointed. we also had subdued economic data. gdp in germany was a little better than expected. haven assets including japanese yen, gold, also in fencing. -- also advancing. the australian dollar slid to a two-month low.
we're also just kidding, i believe, breaking news from china. aggregate financing number, 751 million . let's get straight to the bloomberg first word news with nejra cehic. nejra: germany's economy grew at its fastest pace in two years. gdp rose just north of 2% in the month ended march 31. that being economist estimates of 0.6% growth. time for chinese companies to repay the u.s. dollar debt may be coming to an end. the greenback is rallying after its worst corner since 2010. that is driving up costs for businesses. capital markets said as much as $3 trillion were borrowed, including by individuals and foreign companies.
buyers expiration of a potential bid for monsanto, with a market value of $43 billion, has triggered speculation that the german company might need to sell assets. according to a chemical analyst, bayer could shed its take in its plastics unit to help make the acquisition work. global news 24 hours a day powered by our 2400 journalists in more than 150 news bureaus around the world. you can find more stories on the bloomberg at.com. francine: in the u.s., we are hearing from members sounding less dovish. overnight, weird from two officials usually on opposing sides of donates making similar cases. >> any on wall street, they are expecting at most one increase over the course of this year. that would be consistent with an economy that was pretty weak.
my own view is the underlying strength in the economy is stronger than that, that the fundamentals are strong enough, that we are likely going to be removing accommodation more quickly than is currently anticipated in financial markets. >> i support moving forward with interest rate adjustments to a more normal level. but i view the current level as too low for today's economic conditions. francine: markets are pricing just a 4% chance of a moving june and only one hike this year. let's welcome our guest, kamal sharma. great to have you on the program. when you look at central-bank divergence, it seems that today is pretty clear. governor kuroda saying he can do said officials saying markets should be more hawkish. kamal: we have pushed back the
timing of the second rate hike to september. we do have two great hikes priced in for 2017. that is more than the market is pricing in. we do see that policy divergence. by our expectation is moving so slowly? i don't understand whether the markets are looking at other data, more risk, or just ignoring what fed officials are saying. kamal: i think it is one yelling is saying, the idea that there is a third mandate, potentially the impact of the dollar strength. the market is challenged by the view that we're seeing good data. nominal yields are relatively static. this compression in real yields is weighing on the dollar. francine: but that may change? the happens to wirp, function we look at to see what
markets are expecting? we just need very strong economic data domestically, or does financial stability need to increase at a global level? kamal: we need a confluence of strong u.s. data. we've seen a further rise in underlying in nation -- inflation pressures. that is the catalyst for a more broad yield. francine: why is june not on the table? kamal: because payrolls were week. francine: and brexit? kamal: potentially. we look at this in the context of what the fed thinks about global financial conditions. if the fed thinks the brexit story is a risk, but potentially is the reason. we had a softer payrolls number and that has helped push back the call into september. francine: what does governor kuroda need to do to make yen stop strengthening? kamal: ultimately, i think it is
down to whether he believes that further negative rates can stimulate the economy. i think the most important thing is if he can get the nikkei to that could well be the capitalist for the dollar to outperform the yen. francine: the further yen strengthens, the more earnings are down for these big companies, which means they can't increase wages, which means inflation goes nowhere. do negative rate work when it comes to yen? kamal: this is a great tonight the markets are having. in february and march, we had a plethora of central banks easing policy. currencies are appreciating. the market is challenging the view that negative interest has an impact on the banking stocks, which you certainly saw in europe following the events in february. francine: he's considered probably the most experimental
central banker. will he manage it somehow? kamal: our best case scenario is there will be some further easing in june. etf buying is the first call for action. they could potentially move further into negative territory. francine: kamal, what is your favorite currency play at the moment? kamal: we're looking at idiosyncratic stories. we pared back our euro-dollar forecast. we were at parity. we are now at 1.08. we are looking at idiosyncratic stories like the swedish krona, further weakness in commodities currencies, and weaker sterling heading into the eu referendum. francine: panel, thank you so much for now. kamal sharma stays with us. we will be talking more about brexit, concerns on pound, and we will ask him about emerging-market currencies. stay with "the pulse ."
the world's biggest maker of insulin. see the pharma dealmaking novartis as predator or pray? plus, as bank of england flags the dangers of recession, we talked brexit and bring you the best of our exclusive interview with ireland's prime minister. and the sun rises on a new government in brazil. we will look at the entree for the acting president. ♪
francine: welcome back. let's get to the bloomberg business flash with nejra cehic. ubea: apple has invested in r's china rival, dd. the platform handles more than 11 million rides sunday and serves about 300 million users. idi also counts alibaba among its investors. deutsche bank is to cut clients according to a report. citing unidentified persons close to the bank, the paper said it is accelerating plans to eliminate investment banking quires. clients bank has 65,000 , but most of them exist only on paper.
royal dutch shell has shut all oil and gas wells flowing to its platform in the gulf of mexico after an oil spill. the company reported a sheen and 97 miles south of louisiana. the spill was estimated to be 2100 barrels. shall said they are mature fields and there is no drilling in the area. that is the bloomberg business flash. francine: let's talk more about central banks. denmark has lived with a subzero interest rate longer than any country in the world. speaking to bloomberg, central banks -- denmark -- central-bank governor defended his monetary policy. >> negative interest rate are in fact working almost like very low positive interest rates. we haven't seen any large negative consequences of negative interest rates so far.
francine: denmark's central bank governor. let's move the conversation on to corporate earnings. novo nordisk is the most valuable company on denmark's stock exchange. i'm pleased to welcome the ceo of novo nordisk, lars rebien soerensen. still with us is kamal sharma from bank of america merrill lynch. thank you for joining us. we will get to your company in a second. how hurtful is it for your company to have negative rates? ars: our company has predominant part of our cost in euros, a predominant part of our yen,ue in dollar, japanese and some of the emerging-market currencies that are very soft at the moment. it is a mixed bag. in general, a weak euro is good loss, evenfit and
though it often means a weaker economy. francine: how much time do you spend looking at hedging, and how much time do you focus on your products, possible m&a, and things like that? lars: i don't look at currencies at all. our finance people are taking care of that. we are trying to hedge on an annual basis. we not speculating in currencies. francine: when i look at pharmaceuticals, it seems that every week there is a new pharmaceutical deal. you backed out that way. why is that? lars: we believe we are better served focusing on what we're really good at, diabetes, pharmaceutical drugs, and since there's ample growth opportunities in our field, diabetes, there's no need for us to diversify. francine: so there's not even
potential for an asset swap? lars: not very likely. we are the largest diabetes company in the world. it is hard to add to our business. we grow that organically. francine: you must feel under pressure. diabetes drugs make about 79% of your group sales in 2017, but competitors are aggressively trying to come in it. lars: i don't feel any pressure to diversify. we are the best in the world at it, so why not continue to grow? wins,ne: you know, if it it is probably the best. give me a sense of what your sales are looking like in the u.s. lars: our sales in the u.s. is approximately 40% of our business, and we are seeing relatively strong growth because we historic we have been underrepresented in the u.s.,
which is quite unusual. our main growth reasons are u.s. and the emerging markets like china, more sluggish, europe, more sluggish, and japan. francine: how does it compare with europe? we were talking about kamal with it -- talking with kamala noted. do you see similar patterns? lars: we see a slightly better europe than we had in the past five years. sluggish growth in the economy in japan. we see a break on the economy in china. influencing the ability to afford health care in china. whereas we were usually growing 15% per year, we now grow 5% per year in china. the biggest market for us is still the united states. what is your
biggest risk right now? lars: the biggest risk is the general risks you have, competition, pricing, difficulty of getting reimbursement for new drugs, and the one we control, which is the quality of our products, that we protect the lives of our customers. francine: when you look at this m&a wave, do you ever feel like you could be a target? your strategy is to be very good at one thing, which makes you a very attractive target. lars: there's two things which protect you against takeovers, strong equity, being expensive, and also our ownership structure. we are part owned by a foundation that controls 70% of the votes. the foundation cannot relinquish control of the company. we cannot be taken over. francine: one last question on your products. are there any exciting updates
in your pipeline? lars: we have probably had the best news flowing from the pipeline in the last three months that we've ever had. we've had strong news on the profile of our leading receiver, and we have shown that one of the big products for the future is actually protecting from cardiovascular disease, which is going to be tremendous. we are so excited about this. we're looking forward to meet the press and the experts. francine: when you look at negative rates, and kamal, this is part of the conversation we were having, you realize that it is not only part of the corporate and how you manage a company, but it is these headwinds. we were talking about japan. what are the side effects of these negative rates in europe? lars: we look at it from a financial stocks perspective. the move into negative interest
rate has had an impact on the banking sector. ecb policy has been to improve the financial transmission mechanism. the banks have started to complain that negative interest rates are hurting their ability to lend. the ecb is trying to do the best thing by keeping money cheat but is hurting them online for the banks. francine: so you are lucky you don't work for a bank right now. but i guess you miss priced risk , or financial assets are being mispriced. does that link into your world? lars: we have an interesting situation. we're not borrowing money. you are generating cash. francine: good problem to have. lars: but our shareholders, they in some ways would prefer we invested the money. they can't invest the money elsewhere in guinea return. we are very prudent about this. we don't want to accumulate
liquidity. we give excess liquidity knocked to the shareholders every year. francine: lars, great conversation. lars rhodium sorenson -- lars rebien soerensen. we will be talking about accident pound next. breaking news out of honda. there has been quite a lot of news out of carmakers. volkswagen reducing its market share. honda coming out saying it has to recall more than 21 million more vehicles because of the airbags. there was a concern they were harmful to people thought of their cars. we will have plenty more on that. we will also be talking about apple and alphabet. the metal to be the world's most powerful company continues.
francine: welcome back. apple is investing $1 billion in duty, dealing a blow to uber in china as it tries to build its business in the country. investors are worrying about the future of apple's revenue growth. it is on the verge of losing its status as the world's most valuable company. that brings us to the chart of the hour. in white, we benchmark the apple
market value. we brought it back to early 2015. in blue is alphabet, formally known as google. i still refer to it as google. i probably shouldn't. back in february, the lines crossed. google became the most valuable company. don't worry because these are still huge companies. let's get the thoughts of kamal sharma. thank you so much for sticking around. when i look at this chart, this gives us a sense of how enormous these companies are. we talk enough productivity. there's a huge productivity puzzle in the u.s. and the u.k. could companies like this explain it? there's a deflationary impact because of all the technology and ridesharing apps that we use. that for these governors has been the lack of
productivity growth since the financial crisis. one of the reasons growth remains below trend. what we are looking for is this improvement in productivity to hopefully take the broader economy on to a more sustainable growth trend. francine: what does it mean for you look at economics. central banks haven't been to raise inflation. do we need a new set of models? what do you use? kamal: some central banks are now beginning that thought process, the riksbank certainly begins to think about the process, where potentially inflation targets sticking rigidly to 2% may give way to a range of 1% to 3%. central banks are concerned that hitting out of this financial crisis, we've not been able to get inflation on a meaningful uptrend francine:. francine: kamal, thank you so much for now. kamal sharma stays with us.
francine: welcome to "the pulse" live from bloomberg's european headquarters in london. i'm francine lacqua. let's get the bloomberg first word news with nejra cehic. nejra: germany's economy grew at its fastest pace in two years. gdp rose 0.7% in the three months ended march 31. that beat economist estimates of 0.6% growth. domestic spending helped offset weakness. china's broadest measure of new credit rose the less than expected last month.
aggregate financing was $115 billion in april compared with a median forecast of $200 billion. the data suggests the central bank is starting to temper amid warnings of the debt binge. yer's expiration of a potential bid for monsanto has triggered speculation that the german company might need to sell assets. according to a chemical analyst, bayer could shed its stake in its plastic unit. representatives declined to comment. global news 24 hours a day powered by 2400 journalists in more than 150 news bureaus around the world. find more stories on the bloomberg at top . francine: we and talking about china. hong kong, first-quarter gdp
contracting quarter on quarter by 0.4%. this is much worse than expected. we were expecting an extension, expecting gdp to grow 0.1%. that hong kong gdp has contracted. they seem to be still sticking to their expectations. they are talking about the first quarter -- the second quarter being on track anyway. onhave to keep a close eye what is happening in hong kong, whether it is linked to softness from china or maybe crackdown from china on outflows. we will get you more throughout the show. ireland's prime minister enda kenny says his country will stay linked to the eu even if the u.k. votes for a brexit. he also said europe is stronger with britain included. mr. kenny: clearly we identified the fact that britain might
decide to leave as a major strategic risk back in 2014. clearly, a decrease in british gp would result in a contagious impact on ireland's economy. we are focused on the fact that it is important the british electorate be as informed as possible about the implications of the decision they must make. while nobody likes to be lectured, we have a unique arrangement with britain since the 1920's, with almost one million irish people living in britain. we take an interest in informing those people who will have the opportunity to vote. in ireland, over the last 40 years, we've had a lot of experience voting on european referendums, with different treaties and so on. people in this country are very
well acquainted with the issues that surround the european project and the european process. from that point of view, ireland has clearly made its decision, that irrespective of the decision of the british people, and we hope it is positive, that ireland will continue to be linked to the euro and the european union. we made that decision in a referendum in number of years ago. guy: you've had some interesting referenda in the past. not always as you say being as clear-cut as you would have thought. ,ack to the issue of the upside have you been actively courting u.k., european banks, american banks, trying to make it very clear that you offer an opportunity where this, as you say, not good outcome, to come into reality. have your guys been out there
trying to make the case for ireland? mr. kenny: we have not been actively courting the processability -- the possibility of further investment here if britain were to leave. those who wish to invest in well thenow full opportunities we have to offer. we've had investment from the corporate industry, banking, financial services, and so on. those who are in a position to make investments know full well what ireland offers. clearly these are implications, but for us, it's important in having close arrangements with downing street, having signed memorandums of agreement with britain, that we work in britain's interest and in interest that they should stay. as i said, it is a matter for the british electorate, of which a small portion, but a
significant number of irish people, will have their opportunity to cast a vote. francine: bank of england governor mark carney invoked the r word as well yesterday. governor carney: notable increase in inflation. it is the judgment not based on -- it is a judgment not based on a whim. it is a judgment based on rigorous analysis and careful consideration. it is the judgment of all members of the npc. of course there's a range of possible scenarios around those directions. which could possibly include a technical recession. could possibly include that. francine: the response from those in the brexit camp was to take the forecast with a bucket full of salt. let's get more with kamal sharma. thank you so much for sticking around. for the moment, all of this uncertainty.
let's not even talk about brexit. the uncertainty of the referendum means that pound took all the brunt of this volatility. kamal: we're looking through the lens for sterling in terms of the impact on the current account deficit. the travails of the deficit are very well known. it relies heavily on investment to fund that deficit. consequently, any uncertainty has implications for the currency and has implications for volatility. we can see that volatility is rising as we approach the referendum. we are looking at implications for the broader macroeconomic picture. so what does that mean for pound? let's say the country stays in the eu. what happens to pound after that? is it weaker anyway? kamal: we do think that pound will continue to weaken heading into the referendum.
1.40, 1.35 potentially. after the referendum, i think the base case scenario is the u.k. remains and we see a meaningful recovery in sterling. we could head back to the 1.45 levels. francine: what happens if brexit happens? kamal: that is the great uncertainty. we pitched a couple scenarios. the lens through which we are looking at is what does it mean for investment in the u.k. you think that sterling will continue to underperform. francine: why is everything playing out in pound and not guilt? is it because it is a much currency-skewed risk, or because of volatile markets? kamal: i think there are mixed views on what may happen to the gilts. appetite may decline because of the uncertainty. other people believe it could be a safe haven play.
the impact on sterling is more clear-cut. more liquid currency. it is actively traded 24 hours a day. francine: do you look at the polls? do you have an internal poll about if brexit will happen? when you speak to clients, do you stay away from it completely? kamal: we see what you see. the polls and the discussions around those, how valid they are, we see what you see. francine: if brexit happens, one euro automatically week in? kamal: one of the concerns we have is that the euro market is underpricing the risk of brexit and in that vein, we are looking at short euro-swiss positions potentially on concerns that brexit may have for the euro. francine: let's say the polls don't change. , 50-50, but it is
not really priced in. people don't believe it happens. the day after, if the u.k. decides to leave the eu, euro falls through the roof, or collapses, or what does it do? kamal: we are looking through the lens of volatility. our view has been that euro would generally -- euro is generally underpricing the risk. the volatility move is more important for us. francine: very interesting. thank you so much for helping us understand what could or could not happen. kamal sharma, director of g 10 fx strategy at bank of america merrill lynch. up next, a new dawn for brazil. the government shows up for its first day of work. we assess the path ahead. ♪
francine: welcome back. breaking news. honda to recall 21 million vehicles to fix their airbag function. let's go straight to tokyo and bloomberg's dave mccombs is there. first of all, what i don't understand, 21 million cars being recalled. they come out with a statement saying how much it will cost, but they don't give us the number of vehicles they need to recall. >> the total is still rising.
they are investigating how many vehicles are affected. earlier this week, jeffries gave us an estimate that this recall affecting takata airbags could increase to more than 180 million before it is contained. we can expect more of these announcements. it is not a huge surprise that the number of vehicles affected is expanding. basically all the vehicles honda makes include airbags. most of them are affected by this. francine: how much can this affect honda? we probably will see the number of airbags they need to recall increase. us -- honda gave gave us an estimate for their forecast today that didn't include the impact of this because they don't have their arms fully around it. ¥436year, it cost them
billion, a very large chunk of change. ¥345 net income was billion. the year before that, it was ¥120 billion. they've been paying big-time for these recall costs. how much they will get reimbursed is still up in the air. it is very hard for them to give a clear picture what their net income is going to look like. yesterday, we talked about mitsubishi. a lot of asian carmakers were hit by the emissions scandal. are we going to see a lot of the asian carmakers lose market share because of the recall, because of emissions, because they are seen as less trustworthy? volkswagen has been hard hit by scandals, by emissions
scandals. a year before that, gm was hit with a large recall. these are global. japanese carmakers have had a reputation for top-quality and that has to be tarnished by this. in particular when you were talking about the kind of problems caused by these airbags. these things can be lethal. that might close a bigger threat to the brand image than the other types of scandals that have to do with fuel economy or emissions. that is a concern that rams face, that brands that have previously had really high quality images might be losing that. you can be sure the carmakers are trying to restore that reputation. francine: thank you so much, david mccombs in tokyo. the sun rising on a new government in brazil. -- first full day
of acting president michel temer. he's assembled a cabinet to undertake the daunting task, writing a nation roiled by corruption. for more, we are joined by bloomberg news executive editor john fryer. great to have you on the show. yesterday, we were talking about the fact that the challenges are huge. the acting president has a new cabinet but there's not much diversity. >> there's no diversity. this is a country which has been run by a woman, a country where denote 51% of people themselves as either black or mixed and everyone is white and there's not one woman in the cabinet. earlier i tweeted a photograph 's swearing-in ceremony and someone thought i photoshop it because it was all white men. it is really quite striking how
little diversity there is. francine: how much of a hindrance is that? brazil is known as the world's biggest melting pot. this new government needs the support of the people. >> it does feeding to part of bruce f's narrative. it was partly fueled by gender issues. she was the first woman president of rozelle. -- of brazil. it is a very divided society where many people won't feel like they are represented by this cabinet. i think it raises questions about the medical judgment, the fact that he should have known this would be a big issue. francine: the person in charge of finances, he used to be central-bank governor under president lula. >> he is one of the best-known financiers in brazil. he straddled the public sphere and the corporate sphere.
he is seen very much as a safe pair of hands. some argue he could use the finance ministry position as a springboard to a presidential run. we're going to hear the first proper sort of -- when he gives a press conference. he's very clear, he's going to be a fiscal conservative, get inflation down, and bring brazil to the surface within two years. a pretty ambitious agenda. francine: dilma rousseff is on trial. does the cabinet including the finance minister have full power? >> in theory, yes. in the background, you have this awkward position where you have two presidents. if you are the acting president, you would prefer it is wasn't the case. in paper, temer is the president, but there is someone in the background saying this is a coup and you are illegitimate.
it is still not great and of course you have the workers party in the background also every step of the way. they will try to obstruct him. francine: john, thank you very much. our executive editor for international governments. up next, china credit. as the country's broadest measure rose less than expected, is the ecb starting to temper the flood of borrowing? ♪
francine: welcome back. these are your markets. today is friday, 9:52 in london. stocks are dropping, oil falling, yen and gold rising after we heard two federal reserve members talk about markets mispricing a possible interest rate hike. we seem to be better equipped to understand central-bank divergence. in the being played off risk off mood. it is not being played out in investor expectations for interest rate rises. we've had surprising data out of hong kong. shrank 0.4%.- gdp nick wadhams is beijing bureau chief. what is going on? >> there are a few things happening in hong kong. retail sales are down by quite a bit.
that reflected a drop-off in chinese tourists coming. you see the chinese economic slowdown. tourists areinese spending less in hong kong. the other is a cooling property market. the number of hong kong residents whose mortgages exceed the value of their homes has skyrocketed. what you're seeing is a traitor spending environment -- a tater er spending a tight environment. francine: been more breaking news, china reported that new credit rose less than expected. he is china trying to temper its debt binge? >> that certainly has been a huge topic in recent weeks. whether today's data really reflects that sort of mandate from the government, we have yet to see. this may just be another sign of underlying slowdown in china.
the government is clearly starting to change the equation a little bit. it is sacrificing growth and saying, this debt binge that we have been on sneads to stop. we've got to address these debt issues. we've got to real that back in. we're still waiting to see whether today's data is a reflection on that new line or does reflect slower growth in the chinese economy more generally. francine: are we any wiser about the endgame for pboc? >> i think at this point, they still do have quite a bit of room to act if they desire to do so. interest rates are still high. the amount of money banks are required to keep in reserve is still quite high. the yuan is depreciating. it has restarted its depreciation slide. there are a lot of factors to
consider. the big one is debt. we've had all sorts of signals out of the government that did is a problem they need to pay attention to, even if that means sacrificing growth. francine: thank you so much, nick wadhams. here are some of the other highlights. in just a few minutes, eurozone gdp data. germany better than expected. italy pretty much in line. at 1:30 p.m. u.k. time, u.s. retail sales. hostsoday, barack obama leaders of denmark, finland, iceland, norway, and sweden for a u.s.-nordic leaders summit. i'm sure they will talk about the refugee crisis. i'm sure he will ask about more extreme party movement, much like we are seeing in the u.s. not sure they will talk negative rates. who knows? maybe the president wants to know what monetary policy is
♪ francine: markets beware, a near hawkish turn welker wrote a signals there is more easing to come. rise.d gold we year from the head of chatham house. he is robin niblett. and the first day on the job, the enormity of the task ahead. this is bloomberg "surveillance." i am francine lacqua in london. tom keene is in new york. we had better th