tv Bloomberg West Bloomberg September 23, 2016 6:00pm-7:01pm EDT
be unacceptable as president. he has withhold -- withheld his endorsement until now. president obama has vetoed a bill to let families of 9/11 victims sue saudi arabia. law couldent says the >> a>> man admitted to smuggling firearms and explosives into germany days before the paris terror attacks killed 130 people. german prosecutors allege the man knew what the weapons were used for. the man denies that claim. the un security council adopted a nuclear test ban resolution. the move likely to anger republican lawmakers. nearly three dozen gop senators earlier wrote to president obama expressing concern that he would go to the u.n. to sidestep said opposition. global news 24 hours a day, powered by more than 2600 journalists and analysts in over
120 countries. i am nina melendez. this is bloomberg. "bloomberg west" is next. ♪ emily: i'm emily chang and this is "bloomberg west." iss official, twitter exploring a sale. why salesforce and alphabet might be interested in whether the ceo jack dorsey really wants to sell. beenook admits it has inflating video metrics for advertisers. we will discuss the impact of this error and what facebook is doing to fix it right yet who suffers the biggest hack attack of all time, the timeline of what the company knew and when
coming into question. official, twitter is exploring a sale. the struggling social network is working with goldman sachs on a possible deal. salesforce is interested. other reports suggest google is considering a deal. but talks at this stage are still informal. that did not stop investors from sending twitter shares surging 21% in friday trading. has made up almost all of its 2016 decline in a single day. joining us are bloomberg news and my guest host for the hour. sarah, you been working this story all day. you have been working this story for weeks, it's been a big existential question out there. tell us the latest today. >> after the many months of rumors you and i have heard, this is the first one we have heard from sources definitively
that goldman sachs is working with twitter to deal with incoming interests and have some these informal conversations the could turn into something more formal. emily: salesforce versus do you seehat twitter getting out of one versus the other and what do they get out of twitter? >> it's quite different in the case of the two different companies. in many ways google could be said to be the company that most could benefit from twitter if they were capable of using it properly once they owned it. a social system, another way of connecting with people, interacting with people as bots and other systems that they don't have a play in become more important. that's why the announced they messaging service this week. twitter could help them there. it's very expensive. in the case of salesforce, it's a from left field idea that an enterprise technology company
that has been trying to move into being the de facto leader in cloud-based enterprise software would want to own what is more or less a consumer service. from the standpoint of marc benioff, anything that really draws more attention to the company and helps underscore their ambition to be a multiservice provider to a lot of different kinds of companies, including marketers, could be a plus, and i think it would put salesforce on the map in the common parlance in a way they never have been before and that might be worth a lot of money for salesforce. emily: they certainly did not shy away from -- benioff told that too is a couple weeks ago. he wanted you to do the deal but you can't win them all. digitalce's chief evangelist tweeted this morning, why twitter? one, personal learning network. two, the best real-time content.
three, which news. margaret's highest intelligence. four, great place to promote others. >> i think somebody internally got excited. maybe he doesn't know direct details about a bid or anything like that. we haven't heard there is a solid bid from anyone right now. i think salesforce is always sort of promoted social selling using twitter. as a blog post in 2014 were they said, make relationships with people on twitter that you want to sell to. make it part of your strategy. and so, maybe the salesforce employee got excited by their reports and said, why make sense for them? emily: let's talk about what's happening in twitter. i spoke to ed williams, cofounder of twitter, who is on the board, who had this to say to me when i asked him about whether he wants to sell the company a couple weeks ago. take a listen. i fully supported --
emily: you can only go so far. but we've seen a lot of m&a. do you see twitter remaining an independent company? >> no comments on that. we are in a strong position right now, i think. as a board member, we have to consider the right options. emily: interesting that no comet became a comment that drove the 6% the next day, at the same time you have jack dorsey, who's also cofounder of twitter, ceo of twitter right now, he canceled an appearance at a conference this week with advertising executive martin sorrell. dorsey byd interview video conference and asked the same question. listen to what dorsey had to say. >> there's always been a lot of interest and passion around what we do for the past 10 years. we've always had a lot of speculation about what twitter
could become and what twitter -- where twitter would go. but we have a really strong plan ahead of us, and something that we are focused on executing. emily: sarah, is there a disagreement within the twitter board room about what to do here, and if jack sources doesn't really want to sell the company, could he hold up the process? >> when it comes to the twitter board room there's been a history of disagreement. this is a board that jack has recently added members to that that he's hand-picked. hasyeah, i think dorsey historically wanted to give it a go, being independent. and williams has historically been more open to a sale. the two cofounders still don't quite agree on everything. youy: at the same time, have a company that while it is beloved by so many people, user growth and revenue growth are struggling.
why is that of value to any of these companies we are talking about? >> it is a legitimate question, ballparkllion valuation that would be required at a minimum to buy it. it's often said twitter is more of a phenomenon than a business is a companyit with an extraordinary social presence. a cultural presence almost second to none. it's almost really at the level of facebook in terms of its presence in the dialogue of society. as a business it is nowhere near in the ballpark of facebook, and that's a real dichotomy that i think would face any buyer. as one of the reasons may be salesforce might have some interest. i don't know whether google would. to justify this kind of money, you probably have to buy it for reasons other than any prospective rough it that you could get from it in the near term. not what twitter offers anybody in a foreseeable near term that i can see. emily: i want to pick through a
couple other candidates that were thrown out there. google and salesforce are not the only ones. david, throw it out to you. quick answers here. facebook. yes or no? >> to buy twitter? emily: would they be interested? >> no. emily: apple? >> they would possibly be interested. i don't think they would know what to do with it. emily: how about news corp.? >> it would be the case of death for twitter. agly: rich greenfield of bt has suggested -- has high potential for buying twitter. jack dorsey i believe is still on the board of disney. company wouldedia be a problematic owner for twitter but it's conceivable. emily: thoughts on all of the above? abouthink david is right the media company being an issue, especially as twitter has been doing these streaming deals, a gets more complicated
when you bring in a media company that already has a set of deals for what they do. you mention facebook, there would be some antitrust considerations there that we would have to take a look at. heard i don't think we've them be interested in social media but you never know. i think when it comes to an asset like twitter, a lot of companies are going to take a look at it just to understand the opportunity. there have been rumors about a thatfor such a long time many boards of large technology companies have already discussed it. teams have already taken a look at the idea of buying twitter, if they haven't made a bid quite yet. the salesforce interest, thou that is -- now that it's been reported, may spark more looking under the hood and at least pinging twitter and seeing if something can happen there. emily: david, you get the last
word on verizon. >> i think it would be less problematic for verizon than for news corp. or disney. and it does make sense given the kinds of things they've been buying. boy, would they have a lot on their plate if they tried to add twitter to aol and yahoo!, which is a big problem right at this moment. i think they would be a live i to do it. -- ill advised to do it. emily: as far as we know, salesforce and alphabet the only two in the gmae, -- game, at least reportedly as we know it. sarah frier, our bloomberg news reporter. you are both sticking with me. , facebook's market momentum was fueled by impressive video. happens when the metrics weren't as good as we thought? later this hour we will focus on the state of seed stage funding. watch us streaming on your tablet, your phone, at bloomberg.com, on apple tv, and amazon fire. -- this is bloomberg. ♪
emily: on friday the social network admitted to giving marketers and inflated number for the average time being spent viewing online clips. facebook said it has taken steps to fix the problem and advertisers weren't overcharged. our bloomberg news reporter, sarah frier, who covers facebook. houruest host for the david kirkpatrick with us via skype from portland, maine. and a media analyst at the marketer. thank you for joining us. what facebook did wrong here and how significant the error is. sarah: facebook was miscalculating for advertisers.
the average time spent viewing a video. facebook only counted the video view if somebody looks at a video for more than three seconds. when they calculated the average video view time they only divided it by the people who had watched already for three seconds or more. they weren't counting the people who watched it for two seconds or one second or not at all, which inflated the video view time they are reporting back to advertisers and may have impacted some business decisions on how much more to spend on facebook video ads. emily: the ceo of a big ad we've said earlier today, been calling for a long time for media owners like facebook and google not to mark their own homework and release data to enable independent valuation. the referee and the player cannot be the same person. so facebook is responsible for telling advertisers and analysts and investors the kind of metrics they are seeing. there's no real police officer.
what do you make of sir martin sorrell's comments? >> we've heard this before. ad buyers have long lobbied for more transparency and third-party standards. if you look at the history of advertising with traditional advertising, you have the nielsen ratings for tv, arbitron the audit bureau of circulation for print. we don't have anything in the digital realm that compares, and that goes for both ad supported platforms like facebook and and it'snd google, also true of the more transactional video platforms like apple and amazon and netflix. i think this is going to revise those calls that have been going on for a while for those third-party standards. emily: how big an impact do you think this will have on facebook? a company that generally has been performing well, the narrative has been going well, a lot of that has been based on video.
is this a big deal? is it something that will incur big reputational damage? david: i think this is just a blip but the point that the often sage martin sorrell made is a good one that actually has a much bigger implication. this idea that the referee and player can't be the same person is something that essentially the facebookything does and is even related to the complaints we've seen recently about how it decides what to sensor in the newsfeed, etc.. un-transparent system, and i think the company is likely to receive more and more pressure to explain to the world how it does decide what happens inside its vastly influential ecosystem, but nobody, including martin sorrell, really has the good idea about how to put a referee in there in a way that would be practical. may become score can help on the video adds a little bit.
advertisers are going to stay in facebook for all kinds of other very good business reasons. but facebook does have a long-term issue with transparency about how it works that will not go away. emily: would you agree with that? how do you expect advertisers to react to this? i do agree that there is a need for more transparency, and the more influence that facebook and twitter and other digital media companies have, the more that need increases. but i also think it's a very big challenge. these are now video companies. that wasn't true even a year, two years ago. that adds a whole layer of complexity when you are just dealing with a print-based phenomenon, that is one thing. now you have video, now you have live media as well. emily: looks like we are having
trouble with paul. sarah, talk to us about the response from facebook, where they go from here. i assume you will be talking advertisers all next week. what are you looking to hear? sarah: facebook right away once it was reported, it was not wisely reported by them that they messed this up but once the journal uncovered it, they had an executive come out and say, we've looked at all our metrics, we're fixing this. been no issues with billing. we are so sorry. it was an apology, mea culpa, we're going to rely on third-party people to measure us. i think advertisers are now questioning a little bit the validity of some of facebook's claims about its success, and that can hurt facebook down the line. i haven't heard of any people pulling dollars from facebook video ads. a lot of people still feel that they are very successful and influential.
it is certainly not a good sign for them as they rely so much on video. zuckerberg thinks that video will be most of what facebook is in a few years. frier, who covers facebook and twitter. we will be looking to you for all the updates next week. paul verna of e-marketer, and david kirkpatrick. with me.u are staying whole foods boosted its stake in the grocery delivery service. bloomberg has led insta car authorized a sale of new equity earlier this year and let hold sues by new shares in an expanded partnership. whole foods first teamed up with the company in 2014. this new investment was based on the same shareprice valuing its to at $2 billion. earlier this month the ceo said his company would be cash flow positive in the next 12 months credit coming up, apple stepping up plans for a smart home service, smartphone device to rival amazon's echo. we will hear more about the
only: shares of apple's lid friday amid speculation from unverified twitter accounts that the german research firm gfk said iphone 7 sales would be lower than sales of the 6s last year, the report based on data from europe and asia and does not cover sales in the u.s. gfk said its numbers are confidentially given and should not be released to the public without confirming the veracity of the numbers. it would contrast earlier positive indications from u.s. wireless carriers who said earlier this month that sales were better than expected. syria and alexei could soon be going head to head in the smart home stakes. apple is said to be testing prototypes of an collective ice based on its existing voice assisted siri. the device is designed to locks, appliances, light
and curtains. >> as iphone, apple ipad and watched sales start to slow down, apple is looking for new areas to generate you forms of revenue. the company has recently taken a project to compete with amazon's echo and alexei device that will allow people to use an apple design speaker as a home kit hub for their home straight this would allow people to show commands, add an apple design speaker, such as turn on the lights, turn off the lights, or open the garage doors, as well as issue commands through siri for playing music, controlling your stereo, controlling volume for the stereo, watching videos, mapping information as well. apple also looking to improve siri on iphones and ipads. the company working on a new initiative internally called the invisible hand program which seeks to allow people to continuously talk to their iphones, ipads and macs nonstop without touching the phone to
conduct your commands. emily: mark garman there. i want to continue the discussion with our guest host for the hour, david kirkpatrick, who i know is a big fan of amazons echo. part of the beauty of echo is it is tied into your amazon account. we have one in the kitchen. when i need groceries, i tell echo to put those in the shopping cart. we don't know if an apple device would have the same capabilities or integration with amazon, given the competition here. what is your take on this? david: i think it's inevitable that apple will build a product that is comparable to the echo/alexa product, just as google has announced that they will do. it's so important of a category, and amazon has so proven that there is a customer demand and it's a sexy new kind of interface for information, that apple would be insane to get out there with a product that is similar. the interesting thing is siri
has a lot more intrinsic capabilities than what amazon currently has with echo. but it's all about the implementation, and it's going to be a real this advantage not to have been first. it's going to be tough to beat amazon but maybe with more intelligence, more things that it can do, it could be a genuine competitor that could really take some market share. emily: apple certainly wasn't first to market in smartphones or tablets and look what happened. david kirkpatrick my guest host for the hour. you are sticking with me. coming up, younger users are now part of the largest security breach of all time and we are starting to learn what exactly yahoo! knew about and when. this is bloomberg. ♪
bloomberg first were news. the president of turkey says he will work with whoever wins the u.s. presidential elections in november. president erdogan sat down with john mikel suite in new york. erdogan check of your bloomberg first were news. the president of turkey says nos presidency working with george w. bush and then president obama. >> from the new year, we will see. and accordingly we will continue our work with america. it's out of the question for us to break ties from america. continuing is fundamental in politics. blasted the u.s. for not extraditing an islamic cleric, who turkish authorities blame for the failed coup. d dismissed u.s. arguments that an extradition request must work its way through the judicial system. in egypt, 162 bodies were pulled out of the waters off the coast just three days after hundreds of refugees heading to europe to round. dead. more are feared egypt has been a traditional route for people seeking to reach europe by sea.
president obama today attended the dedication ceremony for the new smithsonian museum of african american history. mr. obama offered his or marx. president obama: part of the reason i'm so happy the medium isopening this weekend because it allows all of us as to put our current circumstances in a historical context. said theithsonian museum is the only one in the u.s. exclusively focused on african-americans, but the organizers say it is also meant to capture the stories of all americans. hillary clinton's running mate tim kaine has some advice for those considering voting for libertarian gary johnson, don't. for johnsonoting could have deeply troubling consequences. he noted that if ralph nader had not poor -- pulled away votes from al gore, the u.s. probably would not have gone to war in iraq.
bernie sanders's brother says he's running for a seat in parliament vacated by the former prime minister david cameron. larry sanders said he was inspired by his brothers success and is a green party candidate in oxfordshire. heidi cruise is returning to goldman sachs in a newly created role in the houston office. she left the bank last year to help her husband ted cruz in his quest for the republican presidential nomination. according to a staff memo, cruz will report to the head of private wealth management for the southwest region. global news 24 hours a day, powered by more than 2600 journalists and analysts in over 120 countries. i am nina melendez. this is bloomberg. ♪ emily: this is "bloomberg west." i'm emily chang. disclosed 1/2hoo! of one billion of its users were
affected in the biggest security breach of all time. that is more than twice the size in 2012 ands hack 100 million accounts bigger than what used to be considered the biggest hack of all time, myspace. today we learned yahoo! was first tipped off of a possible breach sometime in july when a hacker advertised 280 million user credentials for sale on the black market. in 2012 and 100 million accounts bigger than what used to be considered the biggest hack of all time,july 2y the core business for $4.8 billion. fast-forward two months to this week, when yahoo! found enough evidence of a much larger and more serious hack that it had to tell verizon. on thursday, share the news with the world. now yahoo! has drawn a negligence lawsuit i when user action status. the line tree ceo who helped advise verizon on a deal sounded unworried. >> knowing verizon, they are assessing the situation and
trying to determine the right financial revenues, if anyone. everyone is looking forward to closing the deal and integrating it with aol. discusstill with us to is david kirkpatrick in new york in here in the studio, googles -- now cto of shape security. does verizon has something to worry about here? >> one of the things that's remarkable about the announcement of all of this information over the course of the last few days has been that verizon stated they only found out about this situation two days earlier to yahoo!, making it public. they are still in the stage where they need to be able to assess what's the impact to them, how much work will be required to remediate, and so on. emily: are we getting ahead of ourselves here? is this something that can make a deal fall apart or unlikely? >> it's possible.
i think we just don't know enough and neither does verizon. one thing that is interesting for me as a yahoo! user and your colleagues make fun of me for using a yahoo! account, use it for so long and you get it so integrated with your life it's hard to move off it. i just thought about in the last couple days how many times in the last two years they have forced to change my password, almost every time i travel outside the united states, one way or another, they end up making me change my password. their security has been fairly since this occurred, whether they knew it occurred or not. emily: is that a sign of a good security system? >> it actually is a sign of some are puttingce they into looking at whether or not accounts have been taken over. one of the things many people don't realize is any of the world's largest websites is under large-scale continuous attack. emily: when you sat down on
commercial break a said, i don't understand, why doesn't amazon get hacked? they have a lot of really valuable information. you said, they do, we just don't know about it. are running a large website and you have the capability for anyone to come in and log into the website, there are cyber criminals using very sophisticated, automated software to constantly are runne website and you have the capability for test usernames and passwords that they have stolen from completely unrelated sites in order to discover whether or not those same passwords are valid on that particular site. userss an activity that -- this isn't an activity users are able to see on a regular basis, but the companies do see it. emily: if companies are getting hacked and not telling us, should they be? >> i think there's a difference between a very large scale, singular incident like a state-sponsored actor potentially infiltrating your
systems, versus the type of fraud that companies experience on a daily basis, where you have users that are having their accounts taken over by folks i shouldn't have access to them, and because of the fact that that fraud happens on a regular basis, they don't even necessarily think of it as a security incident. they think of it as a fraud issue. every retailer in the world experiences fraud on a daily basis. what's going on here is that people are now asking themselves, what do i do about this incident? the answer is, there isn't a whole lot for them to do. yahoo! has notified all of the folks that have been potentially affected by this to the best of their ability to be able to thoseine, and now all of folks just need to change their passwords, then there's nothing else they really need to do on yahoo!. serious do you think this particular hack is? >> it's very serious from the point of view of the scale of it. as a graphic was showing, it's
the largest set of accounts that have been taken from one particular system as far as we know. means that any attacker that has access to those is going to have a much greater success rate in being able to infiltrate a system like amazon, like any major retailer or airline and so on. mentioned you still have a yahoo! account. what did yahoo! prompt you to do in this particular instance, and what do you make of the comments here that this is happening to a lot of different companies and users who use these different products and services all the time and we don't even know it? at whatkey point is th they do with this data is put it into automated assaults that are ongoing and relentless, where they test millions, i'm sure in many cases of combinations of usernames and passwords and unfortunately, the people of the 500 million who are hacked in yahoo! who use the same password
on other websites are the ones who are most likely to really be hurt as a result. i don't do that, and i have calculated roughly the my passwords and e-mail have been stolen 7 times. my credit card information twice. in my name and birthdate at least four times, based on all the different services i use that have been hacked at one time or another. it's unfortunate, but this is the reality. the state-sponsored issue is interesting if we have time to discuss that. emily: we had a couple of guests on yesterday who indicated that saying an attack is state-sponsored is a good excuse for any company to use because it makes it sound like it is their fault. we don't know what happened here but yahoo! says it believes the attack was state sponsored. does that ring true to you?
>> one of the real difficulties when it comes to figuring out what happened with any breaches attribution. within the security industry, trying to figure out who was the attack, what their intent was and so on. in a lot of cases you are left guessing. it of the weird things about is the fact that the credentials .hen went up for sale afterward state-sponsored actors generally don't need the money. it's possible they got the value they needed out of it and then they white is -- my do so monetize it. fromally what you see state-sponsored actions is there isn't a direct commercial incentive. emily: all right. thank you so much. david kirkpatrick, you're sticking with me. ♪
emily: transportation is on the verge of a massive transformation, from the race for self driving cars to the transition to electric vehicles, one company challenging the status quo is the silicon valley electric bus manufacturer who released a earlier this month capable of traveling 350 miles on a single charge. who happens to be a former tesla executive joins me in the studio and is still with me in new york, my cohost for the hour, david kirkpatrick could you announced a bus that can go 350 miles now, further than any car, any tesla can go on a single charge. has this boosted orders? >> absolutely. we made the announcement at the american public transit association annual conference in los angeles. we have a significant number in orders.
andwe're still registering processing the new demand based on the announcement we've made but we have already selected the early adopter pilot customer, it will be in southern california. swamped with interests. i saw an article earlier that houston metro will be demoing a proterra bus. emily: talk to me about how you see electric. i would also love to know about self driving buses rolling out, as compared to cars. do you see buses going electric, going autonomous before cars? >> i think we are already seeing transit vehicles go electric faster than cars. the demand is greater if you are running a heavy vehicle and burning 10,000 gallons of fuel per year. we are already seeing the penetration of autonomous vehicle technology in transit trade we currently use it to help with the alignment of the charger so the bus can charge
itself. i think it will be a wild before mass transit application, we completely remove a human being from the vehicle because the human does more than drive. they help wheelchair passengers, students, tourists. when you only have one driver assisting 80 passengers, the economics are pretty good trade we are moving into a world where we will have electric, self driving taxis, electric trucks and buses, and probably the last thing that will go completely driverless would be a high passenger application. david: i think there's a lot of reasons why cities would want these, even beyond the energy efficiency, the carbon neutrality of electricity compared to the way we power things up. as a new yorker, the noise of buses is a major problem in the city and i would think just quietness is of value in itself. ryan, what is the price
differential between these and the traditional buses that a city like new york is buying? >> i think there are two reasons we are driving a lot of demand for this category for electric transit technology. one, vehicles are now fully capable of replacing the traditional diesel bus. an electric bus is the same price point with your configurable items as a diesel hybrid. a city like new york or baltimore, san jose is already buying diesel hybrid buses, the price differential is very small. it's one of the reasons why the market has really wrapped up. we have effectively hit market fit in both range of pricing. are goingnow you after transit systems first, but you're also looking at new vertical. tell me about that. >> i will be in montana next week for one of our first campus deployments. we be deployed three vehicles to a student led and student operated university transit system. this technology has a lot of
interest from airports. airports are looking to procure these vehicles. there's a lot of inbound companiesrom truck that are looking to take this battery technology and drive train into other heavy-duty applications. when we did the test drive of this vehicle, we drove a 30,000 miles on ale, 603.2 single charge. if you think about it, a bus is optimize to 8 truck beings.man you can get a lot of with that same type technology. emily: plans for an ipo, you've been through it before? >> i been through it before. we have plenty of orders and we are plenty big enough to make that transition. i am enjoying being the ceo of a private company for a little bit longer. when our board makes that decision and we decide lower cost capital, we will take steps
emily: seed stage funding is drying up, but angel lift, which connects hunter partners and investors, is stepping in with new money from sovereign wealth endowments, and other investors, with a $1 billion rainy day fund. vetceo sat down with the chapman, who covers venture-capital, by explaining who is committed so far. different a lot of kinds of investors in the platform who invest in average of $200 million a year, and we are moving towards an institutional capital saved up for the future. the best returns in any industry are made when there is a
downturn, when nobody else is out there willing to lend. we have raised a fund from chinese private equity firm called csc, a $400 million fund, dedicated to investing to range a list. we have a fund called maiden lane that raised 2 funds total. and we have more money coming. we even have a fund we opened up for smaller credit investors called the access fund, which lets anybody who is reasonably wealthy put $100,000 in. so, this is essentially warehousing and slowing down capital, and then allocating it slowly to good companies that even in a downturn, you want to keep this as big study. >> so it's a rainy day fund, preparing for the possibility that investment won't come back at the same level it was last year? >> not for a while. on the other hand, what you have to realize about the seed market
is it is a very small market. there is only a year that spawned these companies. it's only a small amount of money that keeps it afloat. i don't think seed will ever undergo a massive downturn. because one large fund can step in and buy all the seed companies of silicon valley and new york for a small amount of money. >> true. what is different is the number of startups getting funded. that dropped off significantly, it was over 2400 last year. this year it is tracking to be well below that. right now it is at 1500. of the finalp going down. you have concerns about that or do you think i'm over blowing them? >>'s companies need very little funding. it takes less money to start and build a tech startup these days. it is very competitive at the later stage. to get started it costs almost no money. we will have 600 or 700 of those companies you mentioned funded
on the angel list this year. >> all you need is one over. >> that's right. we've had a number of winners. i would not bet everything on the ubers of the world. there are other lots of great companies that are 10x, 20x. most startup companies go to 0. it's the nature of this portfolio that you can only lose 1x but on a winner you can make 1000x. fewer startups being funded, less money going to it, but you said it's not going to be this massive wiped out because one fund could come in, just looking at the dollar amounts, and make it whole again. >> yeah, and it's a very attractive asset class. our 2015eleased numbers. we took the entire index of all the companies on the platform. it is an unrealized return to
date -- >> meaning it's just on paper. >> they are attracting a 46% irr after fees and carry. that kind of return in a negative interest rate world -- >> 46%? that's crazy. it is extraordinarily high. >> even if we end up in the 20's over time, that is still a great outcome. >> what are some areas that you see as the next up and comers, attracting the most attention at the early stage? has had ar mobile good run. i think now we are getting more into enterprise applications. crypto currencies are still maturing and we could see some really good activity in bitcoin and upcoming zika -- and there's a bunch of those. -- z-cash, and is a bunch of those.
and augmentedy reality, more portfolios being built there. the release of the head -- the vr headset should create a buzz. what is even more interesting is, mobile is now not only the it has createdut -- it is really cheap hardware we can use to create more and more internet of things and more and more small devices. >> all the hot buzz this year -- you just recounted a bunch of them now. those are all areas that when we heard a lot about continuing to attract interest, drones, vr, -- whatoin, all of that is no one touching? cieshe more esoteric curren -- >> why not? >> they are hard to understand. expande have the room to on that on a platform that attracts specialized investors that most of them come with a
tech background? >> yeah, our model is that we have hundreds of angel investors who have domain expertise in areas that are writing their own checks and created investors on our side follow them into deals. we call the model syndicates. that helps get past this knowledge gap. ravikant speaking with lavette chatman. that does it for this edition of "bloomberg west." we are teaming up with twitter as the exclusive streaming partner for the 2016 presidential debates starting on monday. tune in on debates.twitter.com or follow b politics. this is bloomberg. ♪
announcer: from our studios in new york city, this is "charlie rose." lesley: good evening. i'm lesley stahl of cbs news and "60 minutes," filling in for charlie rose, who is away this week. we begin tonight with deborah tannen, a professor of linguistics at georgetown university. she's win extensively about language and its effect on relationships. her book, "you just don't understand -- women and men in conversation," was a "new york times" best-seller for four years. it brought to light the differences between men an