tv Bloomberg Technology Bloomberg December 29, 2016 12:00am-1:01am EST
>> it is 1:00 p.m. in hong kong. an update of the top stories. donald trump has accused the obama administration of putting obstacles in his away. he says his inauguration is being hobbled by so-called inflammatory statements and roadblocks. to cut a rose the most in a year kata rose the-- ta most in the year on word that they will be accepting a fine of $1 billion. the settlement could be announced at the beginning of the new year. they say nothing has been six
ended -- decided. toshiba stock was up 80%. news of a write-down potentially in the billions. , and worth less than sharp may soon return to operating profit. analystsws powered by in more than 120 countries, this is bloomberg. let's take a look at the markets. bloomberg -- trading taking place in chiding -- in china. we are seeing gains across the board. ♪ carolyn: this is "bloomberg
technology." coming up, the short-sellers warning that rattles nvidia. will one of 2016's best growth stories become a 2017 cautionary tale? plus the rise of the robots with u.s. jobs in the cross hairs. we look at if humans and ai can peacefully coexist in american offices. and sean parker drops the mike. masters cofounder on everything from how he first fell in love with coding, his bond with early hackers and how streaming can pump up the volume on declining music sales. first, to our lead -- after steadily marching higher the past few sessions, stocks fall back today. tech shares were among the biggest laggards. the nasdaq turning in its worst performance since december 1. with two key standouts in the session -- nvidia falling the most in months. down more than 6%. they say stock ones at $90.
qualcomm fell 2% after it violated antitrust laws, raising new questions about the profitability of its business. here to break it down, editor at large cory johnson. it seems to have been on a bearish call for nvidia. what is he saying? what are the risks? ian: a lot of risks have been pointed out for some time. he is not really breaking new ground. he is saying this is a company that has done well in gaming. a lot of the girls it has put up has been in gaming.
all these new markets are fine but are relatively limited at this point. he is pointing out that a lot of the new news story has not really manifested. caroline: we are coming back down after the slum. still, with $90 is the call, that is still some 18% to go. how much should we be listening to these calls? cory: he's a genius, but maybe not in this case. caroline: he really got his name in pharmaceuticals, right? cory: he has made some good calls. he does really good research, but it tends to be in more obscure names and smaller cap stuff. when it comes to big names that he has called overvalued, i do not think that is his very best suit. nvidia, facebook, for example. i think these are companies where his research is not so unique out there on its own. again, i think he does really terrific work on smaller names, but in this case, it's not his best work.
it's a holiday week, so we will give andy a break. >> it didn't quite wipe out some of the moves we saw. we have to dig into other chipmakers. qualcomm. they finally get the fine coming out of south korea. how worrying is this when we look at u.s. and europe? ian: $18 million to somebody like qualcomm is nothing. people are much more concerned about the business model, which 70% of that profit comes from licensing revenue. anything that potentially affect how they are able to levy licenses, that is a big deal, and that is the cumulative concern that has always been there and looks like it is manifesting itself. cory: it seems like it also gets to the core of what qualcomm is. not just because it relies so much on licensing as opposed to selling the physical chips they
make, but also because they have with that business model achieved market dominance, so that their licenses, their technologies are written into the very code that makes mobile telephony work. you cannot really make mobile telephony without qualcomm chips. ian: that is precisely their argument. "without us, you are nothing. the modern world would not work." you have to remember they have been battling in and out of the courts everywhere around the world about the various fundamentals that south korea found them guilty of transgressing yesterday for years. literally, more than a decade. what happens is they tend to win. caroline: but in china, they have had to potentially reorient the way they price their product. ian: that is one way to look at it. the stock market has looked at
it as they were not actually led to do business in china at all. cory: that seemed very much like a glass half full reaction. fundamentally, china said you cannot do your business here at all, but they have to do it at such a lower rate. i'm curious also what you think of the korean argument that says they cannot or should not be allowed to bill against the entire handset. how could that differ in their regime of structure? ian: that is an absolutely huge deal. this is something they have had to fight around the world. chip, 30 dollars, handset, 700, $800. 3% of $30 is a lot less than what they are getting right now. caroline: how much could this impact rmb going forward? their argument is the fact that their patenting, the licensing,
helps them refueled the ecosystem, but also, it helps them and gives them a leading edge. if qualcomm does continue to see these concerns and if we do see the share price continue to drop, who is the beneficiary? ian: the beneficiary would initially be the handset makers. they will be paying a lower rate, and for them, that helps their margins. caroline: there was some anger toward qualcomm and years gone by, that perhaps they undercut the market to drive out competition. ian: the argument has been that they built this market position from technologies at one point. nvidia failed in mobile because they underestimated the power of the modem. it was nothing to do with qualcomm's actual power.
there were other companies that were a lot stronger than qualcomm. qualcomm bet on the right technology at the right time. that gave them this initial lead. there were arguments about what they have done with this power, but the technology decisions and bets that were made back at the beginning of digital were won by qualcomm. caroline: in terms of the news stories we will be getting, i want to focus on breaking news in terms of donald trump at the moment. we knew he would be coming out with a statement on the economy. he is currently speaking to reporters and florida saying that it says sprint will back 5000 jobs back to the united states. he says the united nations is not living up to its potential. he is averaging away from just the economy into political rounds now, but he spoke to president obama, he says, today in a nice conversation. there seems to have been a twitter battle going on, his favorite form of conversing with the population, saying that perhaps obama had been adding
some roadblocks, is what he claimed, but this seems to be a business announcement. trump says sprint will bring 5000 jobs back to the united states, speaking to reporters in florida. coming up, man versus machine. we take a deep dive into what a more automated world means for your job prospects in the coming year. my deepest thanks to cory johnson, bloomberg editor at large, and ian king with bloomberg technology. this is bloomberg. ♪
caroline: breaking news for you coming from president-elect donald trump, talking about the economy in florida. he says more jobs will be coming through sprint. the company will be bringing 5000 jobs back to the united states. he also said that one web will be receiving money from softbank and it said it will be creating 3000 new jobs in the united states. breaking news coming from president-elect donald trump speaking in florida with reporters. they did float that this would be about to happen, saying it would be very positive news for u.s. workers. once again, this playing into
what was the buildup to the election saying "bring jobs back to the united states p are co-- to the united states." seems to be getting technology and phone companies to play in. trade has been to blame for the widespread loss of jobs in the united states, but some are pointing to a different culprit -- robots. driverless cars and chatbots are doing things that people used to do. how can the american workforce stem the tide? joining me to talk about this, dennis yang, ceo of an online platform aimed at adults. we're getting this breaking news with donald trump promising more jobs, largely from phone companies in the u.s. and technology giants, but there is not just impediments to mobilization, perhaps limited trade, forcing companies to rehire back in the u.s., but what about the robot element? this is something silicon valley is really talking about but maybe not the rest of the population. yang: especially in 2016, we have heard a lot of the conversation around mobilization
and immigration, but in reality, a lot of joblessness comes from technology automation. take u.s. manufacturing as an example. if you look at the total output volume, manufacturing is near its all-time high over the last few decades. the people the industry has employed is down over 7 million jobs. the vast majority is due to automation, not globalization. caroline: productivity seems to be on the up thanks to robotics. one story actually settle must half of u.s. jobs are at risk due to machines. are we going through perhaps a bit of a bill gates situation where it is underestimating what might happen in the longer-term? could it be more than half the jobs? what do you think of the numbers? yang: i think technology as a general trend tends to accelerate, differently from
immigration policy where you can create public policies to stem or changer, whereas in technology, it you think about it, not only does it accelerate faster, you cannot un-invent things. they will always appear a little bit faster than we expect them to. caroline: you think it will be shorter than the next decade or two? yang: it definitely could be. one of the things we discussed was autonomous vehicles. boom that will have a huge impact on the trucking industry, which is one of the biggest employers in the u.s., and the other is around self-serve kiosks and also it's a quick serve restaurants. between those, we are talking about millions of jobs affected. as technology gets more powerful, you have to think it will be able to displace more high-end jobs as well. caroline: udemy is helping upscale workers. does the government plan on trump coming in in less than a
month with a focus on rescaling -- re-skilling? should there be a larger safety net for those who can't be? yang: retraining has to be part of the education and that is what we do. if you think about it, there are judo -- two things we think about. the first is this notion of lifelong learning. people are working in little bit longer and a lot of the conversation around education is really only in the early stages of an individual's life, but because the world of work is changing quickly, people need to constantly learn new skills. the second piece is the most important and valuable skill and individual can have going forward is the ability to learn something new because it will be really difficult to predict the future world of work. caroline: i want to know how much in 2017 some of the fighting back of disruptive industries who have seen the
effects worldwide not just in the united states, but in germany and the united kingdom, taxi companies fighting off the likes of uber, but change is coming. do startups and the companies that are doing the disrupting need to talk more about this and talk about the ways in which people can be helped who might indeed lose their jobs? yang: absolutely. that needs to be part of the broader conversation. it is different educations than point insofar as lifelong learning is really a new segment of education. in the past, most people think of education in the early years, if it's k-12, traditional hire education. if you are lucky enough to have a degree or diploma. they really did not consider what happens afterward. the need to constantly re-skill
and upskill is important. caroline: some companies are already tackling this. at&t, for example, tends to try to reinvest in their people, but their tends to be a mutual agreement, that they will keep you on as long as they agree that they will keep on re -skilling and work in areas they need developing. mr. yang: i think that is a great new contract between employer and employee. this relationship where in the past, you can argue with companies were doing a great job in terms of keeping employees up to date and a two speed in terms -- up to speed in terms of being able to be productive, but i think it is the responsibility of both parties. if an individual employee takes it upon themselves to learn new skills and be relevant, certainly from an employer standpoint, they are incentivized to keep them as long as possible. caroline: great to have you. seeing the ongoing technology that will continue to be unveiled i'm sure will make discussions throughout 2017.
dennis yang, thank you so much. udemy's ceo joining us. another tech company filing for an ipo. they plan to list on the map -- on the nasdaq. the san francisco-based company helps businesses track how well their apps are running so they can respond swiftly to slowdowns or crashes. facebook and google reigns supreme in the 2016 cap wars. facebook nabbed the number one spot with more than 126 million average new users per month over the last year. a 14% growth. not to be outdone, the company known for the world's most popular search engine, grabbed the most spots on the list. coming up, we will continue our focus on the tech breakthroughs of 2016 looking at reusable rockets.
caroline: on today's funding board, rent the runway confirmed it raised $60 million, led by fidelity investments. this comes after a strong year for the fashion tech startup. rent the runway has surpassed $100 million in revenue and unveiled its limited subscription plan, and launched neiman marcus within stores. 2016 was dramatic for the commercial space industry, and -- aimed at at cutting the cost of spaceflight. the notion that reusable rockets are key to cutting the cost, but
not all the launches were out of this world. >> liftoff of the falcon nine rockets. >> 2016 proved there's a new kind of space race under way. reusable rockets can dramatically cut the cost of a launch. spacex already leads the industry on cost at $61.2 million for a falcon 9 launch. its rival says it cannot get the price under $100 million before before 2019. spacex believes that recycling the first stage rocket more than price by 100 after four failed attempts to land a first stage rocket on a floating barge, spacex made history in april, sticking a controlled landing on a moving target and went on to record three more ocean landings this year and two on land.
>> it would cost you many hundreds of millions of dollars to fly anywhere. if you could reuse the rocket, it would be like air flight and as inexpensive as their flight to go around the world and land again. that's exactly what spacex is doing. >> and it's not the only one. blue origin, run by amazon's jeff bezos, is doing this as well but for suborbital flight. but it ended roughly on september 1. an accident while fueling led to an explosion on the launchpad. >> it is fueled with liquid oxygen and kerosene, so it's obviously highly flammable. it does not take much to cause an explosion of this magnitude. >> three months later, the accident has had a domino effect on the company's launched schedule. spacex remains grounded and plans to resume flight in december were pushed to january. it's even more ambitious plan for a manned mission has been
pushed from 2017 to may 2018, but experts are not worried about the impact on the industry as a whole. >> in five short years, this company has become the establishment tech player, and to come so far in such a short amount of time and have as few problems as they have had is amazing. >> spacex still has a backlog of more than 70 missions worth more than $10 billion. caroline: make sure you stay with bloomberg television thursday. you can catch that interview 9:00 am eastern, 2:00 p.m. in london. that does it for this edition of "bloomberg technology." coming up, we bring you the very best of "studio 1.0." our exclusive conversation with sean parker, who discusses the declines in the music industry. this is bloomberg. ?
>> it's 1:30 here in hong kong. the bank of japan has released comments from its most recent policy meeting. day meetingwo before christmas. the 2% inflation target remains a long way off. criticaladding juncture to achieve its credit goal. south korea has cut its up for 2017 amid tepid consumption and weak exports. an expensive 2.6% is down from 3% it will maintain loose fiscal policy.
beijing wants the u.s. to be more transparent when assessing chinese companies. the ministry of commerce says it is concerned about alibaba being put that on washington's notorious markets list because of a goods offered on its platform. kinopolis four years ago and said it is doing all it can to drive counterfeiters away. the act is has died at the age of 84. her son says she passed away on wednesday in los angeles, a day after her daughter carrie fisher. todd fischer says the stress of his sister's death was too much for his mother, who reportedly suffered a stroke. she is most well-known first time with gene kelly in singing in the rain. this is bloomberg. let's get a check on how the market is trading in asia.
it was a weak start in asia. a boost coming through from chinese stocks. consumer starts turning the tide. hang seng -- -- elsewhere in the region, australia boosting a quarter of percent higher office highs we saw yesterday. of course, some mixed bags here in southeast asia. japanese stocks falling on yen strength. down 1.3%. nikkei heading for the biggest drop in more than a month. toshiba no worse. let's take a look at equities over the past few days. the yen has been strengthening against the dollar and is now handle, the first
time since december 20. this as the dollar continues to pull back from a 10 month high. that is view in asia today. ♪ emily: he revolutionized the way we listen to music, even if it wasn't entirely legal. sean parker co-founded napster in 1999, then went on to become founding president of facebook. ringleader of founding tech and celebrities like mark zuckerberg, snoop dogg and others. justin timberlake famously portrayed him in the movie "the social network" as tech's bad boy. he has since settled down, married, and devoted his career to political activism and philanthropy, donating millions to support life sciences, global health, and more. joining me today on "studio
1.0," napster cofounder, facebook founding president, and chairman of the parker foundation, sean parker. thank you for having us at your pad in l.a. sean: thanks for having me. emily: we want to talk a little about who you are and how you got here. you started coding when you were seven years old. what kind of a kid were you? sean: i think i was generally a good kid up until a certain point. things went a little bit off the rails. emily: what point was that? sean: we call it hacking now. which has both positive and negative connotations. but this was the computer underground in the late 1990's. it was, it was a breeding ground for people who went on to be successful entrepreneurs. but at the time we were really interested in computer security. it had a way of sucking you in. because there was an element of danger. there was an element of -- there was an intellectual challenge associated with it. and as i became more involved in that world, i became less involved in, you know, my
day-to-day life. everything was probably going fine up until about the age of 14. when i discovered this world that, you know, and thank goodness i did, because i would not have learned to code. i wouldn't have learned about the early internet. i would not have built napster. i owe a great debt to that small cabal of people who were essentially, you know, an underground community of cyber criminals. and at the same time, my parents -- it drove my parents crazy. emily: when you were 16, you met another hacker, sean fanning, online. you didn't go to college. you moved to silicon valley and you guys built napster together. sean: it was a great experience for us. we had nothing to lose. little did we know, we, we -- there was criminal liability associated with enabling what they called contributory and
vicarious copyright infringement on what was realistically an unprecedented scale. i perhaps blame myself only in that i was not a better negotiator and i could not help them save themselves. it is sad to watch the decline of this industry. it didn't necessarily need to happen that way. and that is a -- emily: why not? sean: consumers turn to piracy by and large when they can't get the product through legitimate channels. so there needed to be a legitimate market offering coming from the record labels, and they couldn't get their act together for years to put that in the market. it was frustrating to watch this long, deleterious collapse of an industry that was producing something that i loved so much. that was never our intention. we never wanted to see that happen. emily: music sales peaked in 1999. and since then, it has been years of decline. you're on the board at spotify. do you think that streaming services can end the years of
decline the music industry has been facing? sean: i think we have now turned the corner and are getting back into growth, based on what i have seen at spotify, based on what i have seen coming out of apple. it looks like it bottomed out. in terms of -- for a while, spotify could replace cd sales, the decline in cd sales, and the decline in downloads, but not both. emily: how do you convince people to pay for services when there is so much available for free online, whether it is youtube or elsewhere? sean: this question of free versus paid has plagued the industry all the way back to, you know, radio. i would say that the services like spotify that monetize at a really great rate where we see, you know, users coming in to a free channel, we see at least
1/3 of those users over time becoming paid customers. there is obviously added value. and that added value is convenience. it is the ability to make a playlist, share a playlist with the outside world, organize your music library, it's all of the things that help to surface music that you would not have known about. >> you are known as the guy who dropped the from facebook.
how often do you still talk? sean: mark and i don't talk nearly as much as we used to. there was a period where we continued to consult every day. but yeah, generally speaking, it's a good relationship. emily: there's a scene in "the social network," where you and mark zuckerberg meet for the first time. and what some people may not know is after that, i believe, you go and hang out with travis kalanick who is now the ceo of uber. is that true? you actually met up at a club or something? sean: i don't know that i went to a club. mark, i think, went out to a club. emily: tell us about that. sean: travis hasn't really changed at all. he is sort of, in some ways, the perfect ceo of this company because he enjoys the -- he enjoys -- he feeds off of the conflict and the controversy. he -- he is very good at dealing with complex situations where he -- you know, he's being attacked
from all sides. i think there is, i think he would thrive as a, you know, wartime leader. i mean, he is very good -- emily: really? general kalanick. sean: he is very good under those circumstances. i think there are a lot of companies that would have been way too boring for travis. emily: how impressed are you with what uber has accomplished? do you think it is worth $62.5 billion? sean: do i think any of these companies are worth their private market valuations? it's hard to say. there is a disconnect between private company and public company valuations. and companies wait too long to go public, and then they don't do so well in the public markets. and you are seeing the fidelity write down for instance. there have been a lot of high-profile write-downs. emily: snapchat, dropbox. sean: it's not clear what any of these things are worth until the market, the public market values them.
because in these close-knit private markets, you can do various things to engineer the valuation. emily: do you think a company like uber or airbnb, should they be going public sooner? sean: the traditional path would have been to go public sooner. something happened post facebook, and i may have inadvertently played a role in this occurring, which was the development of this robust secondary market where suddenly hedge funds and private wealth managers and various sovereign wealth funds and so forth began to invest very heavily in private companies. emily: you started that? you started secondary markets? sean: i certainly didn't start everything. i didn't start secondary markets. but we encouraged at facebook a robust secondary market. we were much more open to having a secondary market. being in part because we had a longer-term vision, and you need
to give people an opportunity to take liquidity along the way. emily: what do you think is the biggest threat to facebook's business? sean: you know, i think facebook's business has so much growth left in it. that in some ways -- it is really value extraction. it is value that has been stored for a long time. and there are smart people trying to figure out how do we unlock that value. that process is, you know, another 10-20 years before we start to see what that looks like. emily: how big of a threat do you think snapchat is to facebook? sean: there has never been one communication network that has dominated everything. they all serve slightly different purposes to people. i think mark zuckerberg has done a wonderful job and i applaud his ability to understand which companies genuinely posed a threat and an opportunity, you know, to -- to facebook. the interesting question is how does snapchat iterate into
becoming more of a communication platform that enables, you know, communication that is not necessarily ephemeral. emily: so you think they should work on non-ephemeral communication. sean: there is an indication that they are going in that direction. i'm not, you know, i don't spend that much time thinking about it. emily: so whether it's instagram or oculus or whatsapp or internet.org, which do you see as having the most potential to become the next huge business for facebook? sean: the interesting question for facebook is, you know, is that next big thing somewhere else entirely? you know, is it google x and life sciences and, you know, contact lenses that measure glucose? is it self driving cars or is it going to be something that is very close to the home? the core of what facebook is. emily: do you think facebook should move beyond the core? sean: i think that communication is the biggest market in the world.
communication cannot be undervalued. so are there a lot of other communication paradigms and are there other ways of communicating that facebook could enable? does it make sense for facebook to buy something like snapchat? does it make sense for facebook to expand more into real-time communication, so not just broadcast-based where you are sharing with the group and it's essentially public? facebook messenger is really no different from instant messaging, which we have had since the mid-1990's, going back to irc and the early internet. facebook is very good at understanding the core communication network apps that they should own and are there more of those out there? absolutely. there are enormous opportunities left in communication. emily: you mean enormous opportunities left in terms of what facebook could buy? sean: in terms of what facebook could build or buy. >> do you think twitter
survives? sean: i think twitter is a victim of their own success in so many ways. they are a company that, had it not been for the media's infatuation with twitter, twitter never would have built an enormous user base. but that came at a cost. and the cost was the lack of deep, you know, close knit community between its users. emily: really? so how does that play out? i mean, does twitter survive the next wave of innovation in social networking? sean: the question of does it survive is maybe too dramatic of a question. i -- it's a question of do they prosper and do they become, you know, a much larger company, or do they remain roughly the same size and they become, you know, a part of our lives in a fairly narrow way? you know, i don't think that twitter goes on to take market
emily: there is a huge debate between privacy and security and how much silicon valley can help with that. and mark zuckerberg and tim cook have really put a stake in the ground in saying we are not going to help the government spy on our users. should the tech community be more accommodating to the government? sean: the reality of the relationship between large industry and government, you know, should not be underestimated. of course there is collaboration.
to think that communication companies, network providers, social media companies aren't, you know, cooperating with the federal government in various ways i think is naive. we are living in a world where enormous economic value comes from finding connections. like, i never would have met mark zuckerberg if it hadn't been for the internet. i never would have met shawn fanning. we met in an underground chat room. we met in a place that would probably be monitored right now by the government because they are very suspicious of hackers. but had it not been the freedom to communicate, none of this would have happened. we would not be having this conversation. i think that, you know, by that same token, the more accessible and available these communication technologies are
and the more accessible and available encryption technologies are, these tools are going to be used to foment necessary revolutions against dictators and they be used by terrorists and the nine crazies who otherwise never would have met to organize homegrown terrorist cell. every major technological platform and every major shift that happens in the way we communicate is a double-edged sword. emily: what is your current act? what are you spending most of your time on right now? sean: it's 50% venture investing, startups, many that -- many of which have been ongoing for several years, and 50% philanthropic endeavors, most of which is life sciences related. emily: what did you think about the chan-zuckerberg initiative? it's been unexpectedly controversial. criticized for not giving to charity. characterizing it as an llc.
is that unfair? sean: i don't think anything mark does should -- we should not expect it to be anything other than controversial. his intentions are entirely altruistic. it's very hard to criticize somebody who is saying they are going to give away the vast, vast majority, 99%, of their -- of their fortune. i think that the goal of saying it the way he said it and laying it out the way he explained it was to spark controversy. the media cycle is dominated by donald trump and terrorism and, you know, a lot of really scary things. i think mark felt an obligation to create a conversation around the role of someone who has vast resources to try to reshape the world.
and i think he has succeeded in doing that. emily: you founded the parker foundation. you are giving away $600 million to life sciences, global health, civic engagement. how has your own strategy evolved? sean: the parker foundation is doing things that we feel extremely passionate about. that we feel need to get done in the world. and the reason you are seeing so much of this kind of, you know, new hacker-style philanthropy is because this group of people who, you know, they made their money by being disruptive. they made their money by being unconventional. there is a desire, you know, to see the same type of impact that they had in their business career, which has been, you know, if you look at uber, for instance, it has been massively disruptive -- how does one find opportunities that are equally disruptive in the philanthropic
world, but they are, you know -- the type of disruption that has to happen if these entrenched social problems are going to be addressed. emily: so you are giving money to advanced science. you are focusing on allergies, cancer. what do you think that you can do differently than traditional venture capitalists? sean: i think philanthropy can get ahead of venture capital. so, venture capital when it is done correctly happens at a time when a business is ready for commercialization. it's not there to fund basic science. and i think there is this middle ground where, for instance, cancer immunotherapy. if you are going to fund immunotherapy, you are going to be taking money away from existing labs and researchers that have been built up over time. there is a hesitation there. the breakthroughs that happen quickly have been driven by private philanthropy because governments have been too slow to recognize that a technology is ready for, you know, investment.
and whether that is a philanthropic investment or venture investment. emily: so what is next for sean parker? sean: i think life sciences is the single most interesting area of exploration. it is to the world today what social media was to me in 2002, 2003, and 2004. the ability to, you know, get to a lab where a grad student to do something that someone would have spent 30 years of their life trying to do previously. but i do think that cost reductions, because of new technology leading to faster and faster progress, there are enormous opportunities. i think the fundamental question of the 21st century is, how do we make sure that the technological innovations coming out of life sciences are available to everyone?
>> president obama and donald trump speak on the phone after complaining about roadblocks in the transition process. investment issues creep in ahead of january 20. bank of japan policy makers release concerns over your targeting. uncertainty is the new norm. a survey of british experts sees optimism as it -- at its strongest for 18 months, but caution remains the key word. copper share search to their daily limits on speculation of settlement with the