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tv   CNN Newsroom  CNN  October 7, 2011 8:00am-10:00am PDT

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live from studio 7, i'm suzanne malveaux. getting you up to speed for friday, october 7th. the glass half full, the economy's created jobs. not enough to make a dent in the unemployment rate. labor department countsed 103,000 new positions last month. unemployment rate held steady at 9.1%. close to half of these new jobs really weren't new at all. rather, striking verizon workers returned to work. three women share the nobel peace prize for 2011. they are liberian president ellen johnson sirleaf. liberian activist leymah gbowee and tawakkul karman. it's important to women all over
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the world. >> we cannot achieve democracy and lasting peace in the world unless women obtain the same opportunities as men to influence development at all levels of society. >> it is worth noting that the yemeni recipient is the first arab woman to receive the nobel peace prize. well, no formal ceremony by u.s. troops in afghanistan today to mark the tenth anniversary of the war. the conflict is the longest in u.s. history. more than 2,700 coalition forces have been killed over the decade. 1,780 of them, americans. pakistan may charge a doctor with high treason because he helped the united states guess osama bin laden. the doctor, as you may recall, set up a bogus vaccination program for the cia. agents wanted to get dna samples from people living in bin laden's compound, which you see right there. the u.s. has repeatedly been
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pressing pakistan to free this doctor. let's check it out. her smile, a mile wide. congresswoman gabrielle giffords helped honor her husband at his retirement ceremony. . that happened in washington just yesterday. astronaut mark kelly commanded weren't of the final shuttle flights and giffords continues her rehabilitation in houston. that bullet wound was to her head. simon and schuster is moving up the release of its steve jobs biography by a month or so to october 2th, pushing the book to number one at after apple chairman died on wednesday. jobs reportedly reached out to the book's author in august to tell him that cancer would soon likely take his life. prince harry is expected to show up at the united states any day now for military training. the british royal will learn how to fly the apache helicopter gunship stationed at el centro
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naval base in southern california, also where the tom cruise film "top gun" was shot. harry served a tour in afghanistan back in 2008 and reportedly wants to go back. what's ahead on the "rundown." first, today, the 21st straight day of the occupy wall street protest. we're going to show you where they are and what their message is. and then -- ten years after the start of the war in afghanistan. an afghan remembers the day the war started, and how his country has changed since then. then, an entire town is evacuated after a train derailment in illinois. also, mortgage rates are the lowest they've ever, ever been, but it may be hard to qualify. we're going to explain that. and later, the pakistani doctor who helped lead the cia to osama bin laden's compound may now face treason charges in his own country.
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we are awaiting mitt romney, republican presidential hopeful, to take the stage and talk about his own vision for national security and foreign policy. let's listen in. >> thank you. thank you. general, appreciate the welcome of the cadets here and friends in the community and the opportunity that you have given me to speak and address a number of items of great significance. it's always an honor to be here in south carolina, where patriotism is a passion that tops even barbecue and football. and it's a great honor to be
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here at the citadel. every great university and college produces future engineers and doctors and lawyers and entrepreneurs. here at the citadel you of course, do all that but have another specialty as well. you produce heroes. over 1,400 of your alumni have served in iraq and afghanistan, and elsewhere, fighting the war against terrorism, and 16 have paid the ultimate price. since 1842, every tyrant, every petty thug, or great power that threatened america learned if you wanted to take on america, you're going to have to take on the citadel as well. that's a lot of heroes that's never broken, a line of heroes that's never broken and never will be. this is in fact a true citadel
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of american honor, values and courage. now, the other day i heard the president say that americans had gone soft. i guess he wasn't talking about how hard it is for millions of americans who are trying to get a job or stretch a too small paycheck through the week. as each of you looks beyond this institution, to the life before you, i know you face many difficult questions in a world that's fraught with uncertainty. america is in an economic crisis the likes of which we have never seen in our lifetimes. europe is struggling with the greatest economic crisis since the cold war. one that calls into question the very definition of the european union. around the world we see upheaval and change. our next president will face extraordinary challenges that could alter the destiny of america and indeed the freedom of the world. today i want you to join me in
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looking forward. forward beyond the national recognition day, beyond ring weekend, to four years from today. october 7, 2015. what kind of world will we be facing then? will iran be a fully activated nuclear weapons state threatening its neighbors, dominating the world's oil supply with a stranglehold on the strait of hormuz? in the hands of ayatollahs. a nuclear iran is nothing less than an existential threat to israel. fanatics could blackmail the world. by 2015, will israel be even more isolated by a hostile international community? will those who seek israel's destruction feel emboldened by american benevolence? will israel have been forced to fight yet another war to protect its citizens and its very right to exist? in afghanistan, after the united states and nato have withdrawn
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all forces, will the taliban find a path back to power? after over a decade of american sacrifice in treasure and blood, will the country slip back into the medieval terrors of fundamentalist rules and the mullahs open a sanctuary for terrorists? next door, pakistan awaits the uncertain future armed with more than 100 nuke color weapons. nuclear weapons. the danger of a failed pakistan is difficult to overestimate. it's fraught with nightmare scenarios. will a nuclear weapon be in the hands of islamic fundamentalists? china has made it clear that it intends to be a military and an economic superpower, where rulers lead the people to a new era of freedom and prosperity or go down a darker path intimidating their neighbors? brushing aside an inferior american navy in the pacific and
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building a global alliance of authoritarian states? russia. it's at an historic crossroads. vladimir putin called the breakup of the soviet union a tragedy. will he bludgeon the countries of the former soviet union into submission and intimidate europe with a lever? to ourselves, will aligned socialism of hugo chavez' venezuela endefined with castro's cuba undermine a nation thirsting for freedom and stability and prosperity? our border with mexico remains an open. will drug cartel join in the regions of the united states with greater and greater violence spilling over into our country? will we have failed to secure the border and stem the tide of
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illegal immigrants, and will drug smugglers and terrorists increasingly make their way into our midsts? this would be a troubling and threatening world for america, but it's not unrealistic. these are only some of the very real dangers that america faces if we continue the factless policies of the past three years. of course, it doesn't have to be this way. this isn't our destiny. it's a choice. we're a democracy. you decide. in this campaign for the presidency of the united states, i will offer a very different vision of america's role in the world, and of america's destiny. our next president is going to face many difficult and complex foreign policy decisions. few of them will be black and white, but i'm leer today to tell thaw i'm guided by one overwhelming conviction and passion. this century must be an american
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century. in an american century, america has the strongest economy and the strongest military in the world. in an american century, america leads the free world, and the free world leads the entire world. god did not create this country to be a nation of followers. america is not destined to be one of several equally balanced global powers. america must lead the world, or someone else will. without american leadership, without clarity of american purpose and resolve, the world becomes a far more dangerous place, and liberty and prosperity would surely be among the first casualties. let me make this very clear.
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as president of the united states, i will devote myself to an american century, and i will never, ever apologize for america. now, some may ask, why america? why should america be any different than scores of other countries around the globe? i believe we are an exceptional country with a unique destiny and role in the world. not exceptional, as the president has said in a way british thinks great britain is exceptional or the greeks think greece is exceptional. in barack obama's profoundly mistaken view, there's nothing unique about the united states, but we are exceptional.
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and we're exceptional because we are a nation founded on a precious idea that was birthed in the american revolution, and pro pounded by our greatest statesmen in our fundamental documents. we are a people who threw off the yoke of tyranny and established a government in abraham lincoln's words, of the people, by the people and for the people. we're a people who in the language of our declaration of independence holds certain truths to be self-evident, namely, that all men are created by their creator with certain unalienable rights. it is our belief in the universality of these unalienable rights that lead us to our exceptional role on the world stage, that of a great champion of human dignity and american and human freedom. we love the principles of america's founding. i was born in 1947. classic baby boomer.
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i grew up in a world formed by one dominant threat to america. the soviet union. and communism. the duck and cover drills we learned in school during the missile cuban crisis resulted by a threat by a known identifiable enemy with clear border and established leaders. we needed spy planes to find the hidden missile bases in cuba, but we didn't need them to find mikita khrushchev. the president could negotiate with mikhail gorbachev and sign treaties and when we caught the soviets cheating we could bring the world's attention to their transgressions. today our world is far more chaotic. we still face grave threats, but they count not from one country or one group or one ideology. the world is not so defined. what america and her allies are facing is a series of threatening forces. ones that overlap and reinforce
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one another. to defend america, and to secure a peaceful and prosperous world, we need to clearly understand these emerging threats, grasp their perplexity and form latt a strategy before they explode into conflict. it's far too easy for a president to jump from crisis to crisis dealing with one hot spot after another, but to do so is to be shaped by events rather than to shape events. to avoid this paralyzing seduction of action rather than progress, a president must have a broad vision of the entire world coupled with clarity of purpose. had i look around the world, i see a handful of major forces that vie with america and free nations to shape the world in an image of their choosing. these are not exclusively military threats. rather, they are determined, powerful forces that may
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threaten freedom, prosperity and america's national interests. first, isz lalamic fundamentali with which we've been at war since september 11th, and those who yearn for freedom and those who seek depression. the failed and failing states from which terrorists may find safe haven. the anti-america visions in iran, north korea, venezuela, cuba, two of which are seeking nuclear weapons, and these forces include rising nations with hidden and emerging aspirations like china, determined to be a world superpower and a resurgent russia, led by a man who believes the soviet union was great, not evil. there's no one approach to these challenges. there's no law that the next president can demand, or a wall
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to be torn down, but one unifying threats that connects each of these threats. when america is strong, the world is safer. president reagan called this peace through strength, and he was never more right than he is today. it is only america's power conceived in the broadest terms that can provide the foundation of an international system that ensures the security and prosperity of the united states and our friends and allies around the world. american strength rises from a strong economy. a strong defense, and the enduring strength of our strong values. unfortunately -- unfortunately under this president all three of those elements have been weakened. as president on day one i will focus on rebuilding america's
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economy. it's a foundation of our strength. i will reverse president obama's massive defense cuts. time and again we have seen the attempts to balance the budget by weakening our military only lead to a far higher price in the future. not only in treasure but also in blood. my strategy of american strength is guided by a set of core principle. first, american foreign policy must be prosecuted with clarity and resolve. our friends and allies must have no doubts about where we stand. and neither should our rivals. if the world knows we are resolute, our allies will be comforted, and those who wish us harm will be far less tempted to test that resolve. second, america must promote open markets, representative government and respect for human rights. the path from authoritarianism
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to freedom and representative government is not always a straight line or an easy evolution, but history teaches us the nations that share our values will be reliable partners and stand with us in pursuit of common security and shared prosperity. third, the united states will apply the full spectrum of hard and soft power to influence events before they erupt into conflict. resort to forces always the least desirable and the costliest option. we must, therefore, employ all the tools of statecraft to shape the outcome of threatening situations before they demand military action. the united states should always retain military sue prpremacy t defend our allies and ourselves.
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and know this. if america is the undisputed leader of the world, it reduces our need to police a more chaotic world. fourth, the united states must exercise leadership in multilateral organizations and our alliances. american leadership lends credibility and breeds faith in the ultimate success of any action and attracts full participation from other nations. american leadership will also focus multilateral institutions like the u.n. on achieving the substantive goals of democracy and human rights enshrined in their charters. too often, those bodies, while they prize the act of negotiating over the outcome to be reached, and shamefully, they can become forms for the tantrums of tyrants and the airing of the world's most ancient of prech prejudices.
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anti-semitism. the united states must fight to return these bodies to their proper role, but know this -- while america should work with other nations, we always reserve the right to act alone to protect our vital national interests. in my first 100 days in office, i will take a series of measures to put these principles into action. and place america and the world on safer footing. among these actions will be an effort to restore america's national defense. i will reverse the hollowing of our navy and announce an initiative to increase the ship-building rate from nine per year to 15 ships per year.
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i will begin reversing obama era cuts to national missile defense, and prioritize the full deployment of a multilayered national ballistic missile defense system, and i will order the formulation of a national cyber security strategy to deter and defend against the growing threats of militarized cyber attacks, cyber terrorism, and cyber espionage. i will enhance our deterrent against the iranian regime by ordering the regular presence of aircraft carrier task forces. one in the eastern mediterranean, and one in the persian gulf region. i'll begin discussions with israel to inthe military assistance and coordination and again reiterate that iran obtaining a nuclear weapon is unacceptable.
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i will begin organizing all our diplomatic and assistance efforts in the greater middle east under one official with the authority and accountability necessary to train all our soft power resources on ensuring that the arab spring does not fade into a long winter. i'll launch a campaign to advance economic opportunity in latin america and contrast the benefits of democracy, free trade and free enterprise against the material and more's bankruptcy of the venezuelan and cuba model. order a transition to the afghan military to secure that nation's sovereignty from the terror organization the taliban, and speak to commanders in the field and receive our best recommendations from our military commanders.
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the force necessary to complete or gains and our mission successfully is a decision i will make free from politics. i will bolster and repair alliances. our friends should never fear that we will not stand by them in an hour of need. i will reaffirm as a vital national interest israel'sist s existence as a jewish state. and with the united kingdom, and become talks with mexico to strengthen cooperation on our shared problems of drugs and security. this is america's moment. we should embrace the challenge
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and not shrink from it. not crawl into an isolationist shell. not wave the white flag of surrender, nor give in to those who assert that america's time has passed. that's utter nonsense. an eloquently justified surrender of world leadership is still surrender. i will not surrender america's role in the world. this is very simple. if you do not want america to be the strongest nation on earth, i'm not your president. you have that president today. >> the 21st century can and must be an american century.
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it began with terror, war, economic calamity. it is our duty to steer it under the path of freedom, peace and prosperity. my hope is that our grandchildren will remember us in the same way that we remember the past generations of americans who overcame adversity. the generations that fought in world wars, that came through the great depression and that gained victory in the cold war. let future generations look back on us and say, they rose to the occasion. they embraced their duty, and they led our nation to safety and to greatness. the greatest generation is passing, but as their life fades, we must seize the torch they carried so galliently as such great sacrifice.
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it is an eternal torch of decency, freedom and hope. it's not america's torch alone. but it's america's duty and honor to hold it high enough that all the world can see its light. believe in america. thank you so much. and god bless this great country. thank you. you're listening to republican presidential hopeful mitt romney laying out his plan for national security, his vision for u.s. policy if he were to become president, before citadel's students there. i want to bring in our own wolf blitzer out of washington and, wolf what really struck me about this speech is how much he sounds like former president bush, and i guess that's not surprising, his national security team is made up of a lot of bush advisers. michael chertoff, jim wilkinson, a whole bunch of guys who led in
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the bush administration, but he said a couple of things that sounded very much like the bush doctrine. understand emerging threats, deal with them before they explode into conflict. that you don't follow crisis by crisis and react. he also said as well he reserves the act to act alone to protect our vital interests. something we had also heard from president bush. what struck you as part of his national security platform? >> i'm already getting a lot of e-mails and tweets. i'm sure you aracy well, suzanne from critics of mitt romney. democratic critics saying, if you liked president bush's national security policies, whether in iraq, afghanistan fg or elsewhere you're going to love mitt romney's policy. not only more of the same but double down on a lot of those initiatives that president bush engaged in. some of the points you were just making. and some of his top national security advisers, as you also point out, obviously served in the bush administration as well. the most biting comment he made
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right at the very end against the current president of the united states. when he suggested in pretty strong words, doesn't get much stronger than this, that president obama, and i'm paraphrasing, he doesn't want -- president obama doesn't want america to be the strongest nation on earth. he says, if you want somebody who doesn't want to see america be the strongest nation on earth, don't vote for me. he said, there already is a president who believes that. that's a pretty damning indictment of the current president of the united states that he doesn't want america to be the strongest nation on earth. that's going to generate a lot of buzz, shall we say, and i think if mitt romney is, in fact, the front-runner right now for the republican presidential nomination and all the polls suggest that he is, this is going to be a fierce national security debate that he will engage in with the current president, if, in fact, it becomes a romney versus obama presidential election. >> thanks, wolf. i want to bring in chris lawrence at the pentagon. chris, i want your impressions
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of what you heard. he laid out a couple of things that were specific about how he would increase the number of ships, u.s. carriers, that type of thing, and critical areas around the world. how do you think the pentagon is reacting to this? is this a realistic plan here? is it something that he could actually do, start investing nor the military? >> reporter: certainly it's something that the president would have a great deal of leverage over, suzanne, and some of the things he laid out, i would imagine, would be music to the ears of some people in the pentagon. you know, when he talks about keeping the number of carriers at the congressly mandated number of 11, when he talks about increasing ship building from nine up to, i think it was 15 a year, that's got to be music to the ears in states like virginia, maine, places where she's ships are built. some of the things he mentioned, though, do tend to run up against reality. we talked about the border
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situation in mexico and doing more, perhaps, with the national defense team on the border with mexico. well, just this week, mexico's ambassador to the u.s. reiterated mexico's position that they will not accept u.s. troops in that country to fight the drug cartels, and the pentagon recently spent over $30 million to extend the national guard troops along the border. so, again, you run into issues of spending. when you talk about afghanistan, going back to the generals, perhaps taking a look at that plan, it does run up against some harsh realities, because if you're not going to institute any cuts to the defense department, as governor romney stated, and you're committed to reducing the national debt, and you've come out to say you don't want to raise taxes, it does start to raise questions where some of this money might be coming from. >> all right. chris lawrence, thank you very much. appreciate it. later today, texas governor rick perry plans to speak at 2:00 eastern.
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herman cain is speaking at 4:00 eastern. when they actually start we'll bring those to you live as well. we also have news on the new job report that koim out today that says we've gained jobs last month, but the unemployment rate still did not change. what does all that mean? we're going to break that down for you as well. that's a coffee. the afternoon tour begins with more pain and more pills. the evening guests arrive. back to sore knees. back to more pills. the day is done but hang on... her doctor recommended aleve. just 2 pills can keep arthritis pain away all day with fewer pills than tylenol. this is lara who chose 2 aleve and fewer pills for a day free of pain. and get the all day pain relief of aleve in liquid gels.
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so now a closer look at the jobs report that came out a few hours ago. the economy gained 103,000 jobs last month. unemployment rate, still head steady at 9.1%. professor danny boston is with us, with the georgia tech department of economics. danny, good to see you. >> my pleasure. >> we watched president obama at
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his press conference and he admitted. he said the economy is weaker positive n now than the start of the new year. how do we explain the job numbers? this is a piece of good news, right? >> a little piece of good news. i'll tell you, because it's not what people wanted but we certainly needed given all the gyrations of the stock market, the concern about what was happening in europe. there was really a growing fear and uncertainty, and a lot of economists were concerned we really were getting close to that double dip word, but, again, so this really kind of calms the fear, and it came out a little better than we expected. certainly it's still about half of what we need in terms of jobs, but it calms the fear. >> does it take away that fear of the double dip recession? are we basically in the clear? >> i wouldn't say we're in the clear. i wouldn't say that, because -- you know, actually i spent all of yesterday just going through
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economic indicators trying to make some sense out of it. so this was the last piece of the puzzle. there are serious challenges out there we have to address, but this really, really helps. the idea of just the uncertainty and the lack of confidence, the lack of investing. we've still got to address that, but it's nice to know we're generating some jobs. >> you make me calm just talking to you. you have a sense of calm here, but we have a report from the brookings institute that basically it's pretty discour e discouraging here, because it says a lot of folks who lose their jobs during hard economic times, when they get a job afterwards, 75% of them are making less money than they had made previously. if you fast forward 20 years down the line, they're still making less than what they had made before. these folks never catch up to the salaries they used to make when they lose their jobs during tough times. what does that say about where we are and the people who don't have jobs now? >> right.
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distressing picture and in part explains why we as americans have been feeling this sort of decline in our living standard, but if you think about it, think about the great recession that we just went through. well, in that recession, what corporations did was to cut their work force, because they were faced with the threat of bankruptcy. rather than going belly up, they cut their work force. then faced with this global competition, what they've been doing is downsizing significantly, outsourcing jobs, creating part-time employment, because they don't have to pay benefits, which means that it's the worse time to have to be out on the market looking for a job. so that explains why, for example, if you lose a job, during a recession, the job that you are going to get in place of that is not likely to be at the same level of the job that you left. >> a little discouraging. yeah. >> it's discouraging. >> we'll taked mixed number. good news with the bad news
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today. danny boston, thank you so much. >> my pleasure. >> appreciate it. this is the fifth anniversary of cnn heroes honoring everyday folks who are changing the world. we're going to introduce to you one of the top ten cnn heroes of 2011. a man in texas helping high school football players with spinal cord injuries. man: looks great, hun... woman: ...and we're not real proud of this. man: no...we're not. woman: teen: have you guys seen captain stewie and lil' miss neptune? dad: did you look all over the place? under your desk? all around? teen: uh, they're fish, they live in a bowl. dad: what're gonna do? anncr: there's an easier way to save. anncr: there's an easier way to save. teen: whatever. anncr: get online. go to 15% or more on car insurance.r:u i took some steep risks in my teens. i'd never ride without one now. and since my doctor prescribed lipitor, i won't go without it for my high cholesterol and my risk of heart attack. why kid myself? diet and exercise weren't lowering my cholesterol enough.
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now i'm eating healthier, exercising more, taking lipitor. numbers don't lie. my cholesterol's stayed down. lipitor is fda approved to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients who have heart disease or risk factors for heart disease. it's backed by over 19 years of research. [ female announcer ] lipitor is not for everyone, including people with liver problems and women who are nursing, pregnant or may become pregnant. you need simple blood tests to check for liver problems. tell your doctor if you are taking other medications, or if you have any muscle pain or weakness. this may be a sign of a rare but serious side effect. [ man ] still love that wind in my face! talk to your doctor. don't kid yourself about the risk of heart attack and stroke. if lipitor's been working for you, stay with it. lipitor may be available for as little as $4 a month with the lipitor co-pay card. terms and conditions apply. learn more at my son and i never missed opening day. but with copd making it hard to breathe, i thought those days might be over. so my doctor prescribed symbicort. it helps significantly improve my lung function, starting within 5 minutes.
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symbicort doesn't replace a rescue inhaler for sudden symptoms. with symbicort, today i'm breathing better, and that means... game on! symbicort is for copd, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. it should not be taken more than twice a day. symbicort may increase your risk of lung infections, osteoporosis, and some eye problems. tell your doctor if you have a heart condition or high blood pressure before taking it. [ whistle ] with copd, i thought i might miss out on my favorite tradition. now symbicort significantly improves my lung function, starting within 5 minutes. and that makes a difference in my breathing. today i'm back with my favorite team. ask your doctor about symbicort. i got my first prescription free. call or click to learn more. [ male announcer ] if you can't afford your medication, astrazeneca may be able to help. all year we've been introducing you to everyday folks who are changing the world. we call them our cnn heroes.
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i'd like to you meet one of this year's top ten cnn heroes, eddie who start add foundation to help families of high school football players who whose catastrophic injuries made them paraplegics or quadriplegics. he joins us from san antonio, texas. congratulations already for the amazing work you do as one of our top ten cnn heroes. what's it been like for you? >> a humbling experience to be named one of the top ten. it's a very humbling experience, but i appreciate you having me on. >> tell us a little bit about what you do, your work. >> well, my son suffered a spinal cord injury playing high school football. no help where the coaches could go to, the community could go to. they didn't know what a spinal cord injury entail ord actually what, how our lives were going to change. my son's life and the family's. and we saw a shortfall in the
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support system. one of the thing we want to change with some of the young athletes that we work with. >> and what are they really needing the most? >> well, some of the things that are life-changing. a lot of times these young men get caught in the system and pressure reducing mattresses, wheelchair accessible vehicle, changing a restroom facility in their homes where they need to be wheelchair accessible. putting ramps into their homes. all are expensive type of items. so being able to have the funds to be able to make a difference in some of these young men's lives is very important. sometimes some of these young men are, might have some insurance or catastrophic policy. very few do, but at the same time, even if do you have a catastrophic policy, the ductable is $20,000. you end up having to raise the money just to pay the deductible on the catastrophic policy. >> a lot of need there. what does your son chris think
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about what you've done, your organization being the inspiration for what you do? >> well, chris has been my son harks been the face and inspiration behind gridiron heroes. at his lowest point, this is where we turned around. watched another man suffer a spinal cord injury but it was chris that wanted to go and help this young man and be there for them and for the family. basically trying to say, dad, we've got to go help him. i know what you're going to go through. you know what the family's going to go through, and that was the start of gridiron heroes. being there for that young man we witnessed go down. >> eddie, we appreciate what you've already done. congratulations already just for being a top ten cnn hero, and thanks again. thanks again for everything that you do. good luck to you. >> thank you very much. appreciate it. >> sure. go to now online and on your mobile device to vote for the cnn hero that inspires you the most. all ten are going to be honored live at cnn heroes, an all-star tribute hosted by anderson
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cooper on sunday december 11th. ten years ago, u.s. forces started dropping bombs on afghanistan. >> look at the bombs that just hit taliban's arab defense system on the top of the hill. >> going to take you to the streets of kabul for a look at what a decade of war has brought through the eyes of a husband and father. ♪ my sunglasses. [ tires screech ] ♪ oh, it was the first time i fell in love ♪ ♪ the first time i felt my heart ♪ [ man ] people say i'm forgetful. [ horn honking ] ♪ ...all through the night [ man ] maybe that's why we go to so many memorable places. ♪
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ten years after the first u.s. bombs hit afghanistan, the taliban are out of power. osama bin laden has been killed. education, sanitation, public health, all have improved, but, still, afghanistan is a nation of fear. the capital kabul is seen by some critics as a broken city. introducing us to an afghan man eager to get out.
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>> reporter: likeout. >> reporter: like americans remember where they were on 9/11, afghans remember when the first american bombs fell. >> both of the bombs just hit taliban's air defense system on the top of the hill. >> good afternoon. on my orders, the united states military has begun strikes against al qaeda terrorist training camps and military installations of the taliban regime in afghanistan. >> my family and i were out sitting right in this room and we have just done with the dinner and afterwards of the dinner we just heard a big blast. >> reporter: a decade ago he was 16. his family running to the basement. >> by the time we heard the explosion we all just run out of the house and we just -- we just came here. we were -- >> reporter: they stayed put through the bombing.
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the taliban and ten years of war. but it's only now america's withdrawing that he, an advisor to nato who is surely needed here, is plotting his escape. >> first reason is the bad security that we have here in afghanistan. just to provide a safe environment for my only daughter. >> reporter: when the bombs hit that night, there were no electric lights but there was hope the taliban were over. >> i had ha kind of mixed feelings on that night. hope and fear. but today hope is gone and fear is still with me. >> reporter: we drive around kabul, a city that empties after dark. the lights stay on now, the wealth of war everywhere. the high rises, wedding halls, people are staying home. >> don't really feel safe,
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especially in these nights. >> there's nobody here, is there? >> yeah, it is 9:00 p.m. here. >> so who are these guys? >> they could be a part of the police but it's going to be hard for you to make a distinction between who is a good guy and who is bad. >> reporter: that's the job of these checkpoints. kabul a city growing ever more uncertain. the police commander tells us when the taliban were in power he worked for them but changes his mind and says they actually punched out his front teeth and jailed him. now he's leading the search for them. for years kabul was safe and vibrant as the war raged across the country but that's less the case today. just behind me is the high-rise building from which militants laid siege to the u.s. embassy for nearly 20 hours. that bold attack making the powerful here seem so weak.
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a decade in america has given some enough money to keep the lights on. in a city where it's ever more rare to have something you can be sure of. nick peyton walsh, cnn, kabul. afghan police are considered critical to securing peace but there are huge challenges in getting them trained. i got a first-hand look at u.s. efforts to train a new police force during my recent trip to afghanistan. i'll have that for you later this hour. it is a very important area we're flying over. down below is highway 1. now this is known as the road around afghanistan. it literally runs circles around afghanistan. it is highly contested because the taliban wants control of that road. a lot of times what you'll see below are insurgent attacks as they try to fight for that critical supply route. [ sigh ] too bad you're not buying car insurance.
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today marks ten years since the war in afghanistan began. it is the longest running war in american history. even surpassing the vietnam war. 1,780 troops have died serving in afghanistan. you can see the home cities of all those troops represented by dots on this interactive map of the united states. you're able to navigate over your town and see the faces, the names of those killed across the country. go to training afghanistan's police force is really at the heart of taking on the taliban and that is because once the afghan army clears an area of taliban fighters, it's the afghan police who are left behind to keep peace on the streets. they're seen as the face of the afghan government trying to make change. american and international troops are working hard to train, pay and support them. but they also, those afghan police, face accusations of corruption and abuse.
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this is the scenario. a suicide bomb strapped to a child. a police officer must disarm the explosive and save the boy. the terrorist is taking into custody using tough but measured force. down the street an angry mob. these exercises are meant to simulate real-life crisis situations that the police recruits will find themselves in. they are considered critical because the police in the past have been accused of being abusive and non-professional. until recently, the afghan police force was almost entirely uneducated, untrained, and poorly paid. this led to widespread corruption, cops shaking down the community to support their families. fear and even hated by the people they were supposed to protect. general william caldwell is leading an international team trying to turn things around. >> the police that are being produced today coming out of the training system are far better than anything they used to have.
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>> reporter: their pay has been doubled. they are being taught to read and write and have pride in their work. afghan police recruit here is ashamed of the police' behavior. >> translator: some police use their power to abuse people. but i urge them to stop, to be honest and help people. >> reporter: the reason why these guys are so important to the future of this country is because they represent the face of a new authority. insurgents target the police hoping to put fear in the hearts of the afghan people and undermine the afghan government. the international coalition here believes supporting the afghan police is key to bringing down the terrorists. now interestingly enough, we got to see whether all this training paid off for the afghan police when just two days after the tenth anniversary of september 11th the taliban attacked the u.s. embassy and nato compounds. you can see these pictures here. afghan police fought the
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insurgents for nearly 20 hours before taking them out. with the help of american and international forces. the police were largely praised for how they handled that brazen attack. coming up i'm going to show you how the u.s. military is trying to train the afghan army as well. now many of the recruits are l illiterate so the training is really as basic as you can imagine. i'll update you on what i saw during my recent trip. top of the hour, i'm suzanne malveaux. want to get you up to speed. the september jobs report is in and it is gg good enough to push stock prices up today. but it is not good enough to push the unemployment rate down. the labor department says the economy created 103,000 new positions last month. but the unemployment rate held at 9.1%. since april the economy is averaging 72,000 new jobs a month. it takes twice that just to keep
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up with population growth. the occupy wall street protests gaining traction across the country. rallies have been held from jersey city, new jersey, as well as new orleans and sacramento, california. occupy wall street wants to focus attention on the big pay gap between corporate executives and ordinary workers. a train derailment caused almost everybody in illinois in this town to scramble overnight. several tanker cars filled with ethanol exploded. authorities called for all 800 residents to evacuate. the red cross set up a shelter at a nearby high school. >> no one is being forced out of their homes. authorities are just suggesting that people leave for safety reasons just until the fire and is contained and taken care of. >> the sheriff says the burning
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ethanol poses no real danger but authorities say they don't know what kind of chemical brew they had on their hands when they asked those folks who to evacuate. experts from the l.a. county coroner's office are on the stand today in the trial of michael jackson's doctor. conrad murray is charged with manslaughter and jurors are getting a tedious explanation of the drugs found in jackson's body. there were at least five, including the anesthesia the coroner says killed him. while the doctor who perform jackson's autopsy could also testify today. protesters in syria poured into the streets after friday prayers demanding democratic change. once again, syrian soldiers opened fire. at least eight people have been killed today and one human rights group says after seven months of anti-government protests, the number of dead is more than 3,000.
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three women are going to share the nobel peace prize for 2011. they are journalists and protest o organizer, the liberian president, and a liberian activist. the liberian leader says that the nobel peace prize is a tribute to the women of her country. >> women from all walks of life who challenged dictatorship of former president charles davis and who have stood out in the sun, in the rain, fighting for peace in our country. all of this is good events. >> it is worth noting that the yemeni recipient is the first arab woman to receive the nobel peace prize. congratulations to all of them. well, in thailand authorities say that this year's heavy monsoon rains have killed 244 people. forecasters say it is not going to take much more rain to put
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the capital of bangkok under water. floods have wiped out the livelihoods of millions of thai farmers. factories and historic temples have also been damaged. men have been warned now for years not to neglect prostate cancer screenings. now cnn has learned that a task force is about to recommend just the opposite. that men not get screened for the disease. our cnn's elizabeth cohen is with us. why do we believe that this recommendation has made this -- done this flip-flop here? >> it's been years in the making actually. there is evidence out there that shows that when you test men for prostate cancer, big groups of men, you are going to catch some aggressive prostate cancers that could kill men but you're also going to catch many, many more that are actually prostate cancers that are so slow growing that it would never even hurt the man and then you go to treat them and you do more harm with the treatment. treatment for prostate cancer can render a man impotent or incontinent. it can, in the extreme, even
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kill him if he goes and has the sulk where there is a complication. i'll look to give you some numbers and i think these numbers will help explain why they made the decision that they made. if you screen about 1,400 men, what you're going do is find 48 men with prostate cancer but you're only going to save one of them. the other 47 men had slow growing small cancers that never would have hurt them in the first place. >> that one person saved, obviously that's pretty important to me. who is making the recommendation is. >> the recommendation is coming from a group called the u.s. preventive services task force. they made big news two years ago with mammograms. they told women in their 40s they don't necessarily need ma'am grams. so what's interesting here is that on this task force there is not a single oncologist, there is not a single urologist. so that has many people scratching their heads, like how did they know. there are public health people who are accustomed to reading studies and evaluating studies and that kind of thing but they
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definitely are being criticized especially by your roll gigurol coming up with this recommendation without even having oncologists or urologists around who treat prostate cancer. >> some say is this about cost? >> some will say this is about health care reform but it has been said over and over again that this preventive services task force is separate from the obama administration. it is a part of the federal government but it works independently. in fact, some people on this who have been associated with this group have said that actually, the obama administration tried to suppress this because it was so controversial, the mammogram decision was so controversial that there's a man who was associated with this project who said the obama administration didn't want this to come out at all because they got so much beef the first time. administration says that's not true, that they never tried to suppress it. but it is coming out about a year or two later than many people expected. >> okay. elizabeth, thank you so much. here's what's ahead on the
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rundown. first an update on afghanistan. ten years after the u.s.-led war began. and a doctor in pakistan may face charges of treason for helping the united states find osama bin laden. then a look at jobs that are available in this tough economy. what it takes to get hired. and tracking factory slaves in malaysia. it is part of a cnn investigation into modern day slavery. my mother made the best toffee in the world. it's delicious. so now we've turned her toffee into a business. my goal was to take an idea
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this year. another 23,000 home by september 2012. and a steady reduction of u.s. forces to continue until only a small residual force is left by the end of 2014. i went to afghanistan to see for myself how the u.s. nato mission is going, whether the u.s. and international forces are confident that they can train the afghans, get them up to speed to take over their own security by the end of 2014. that is when american combat forces are pulling out. i discover the challenges are immense, the training is not at all what you would expect. 86% of the afghan army recruits can't read, write or count. american trainers are starting with the basics. >> reporter: the mission now is for afghans to take over their security by the end of 2014 so that u.s. and nato troops can get out. on the ground at the kabul military training center, u.s. and nato trainers are franticly
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trying to get thousands of raw recruits up to speed. where these folks are standing in this training exercise is significant. six months ago american trainers were standing up front. they have since been moved to the back with interpreters to be on stand-by in case they're needed. but, up front, the afghans are training the afghans. >> most of the time we don't have to intervene but if there is something that they cannot usually associated with weapons, maybe heavy weapons, then we step in and resolve the issue. >> reporter: the race is on to train the afghans sufficiently before u.s. troops are scheduled to pull out in just over three years' time. critics charge that nato is putting quantity over quality. >> everything is a numbers game and that's essentially what we're seeing here. well, this is like a big machine which takes in these afghan recruits, and spits them out at the other end and it doesn't really matter how good or effective they are. >> reporter: colonel mike myer, a top advisor to the kabul training mission defends the program.
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>> what we've tried to do is build an army quickly and, you know, we're on track to do that. once we have an army at a certain level, then we'll be able to sustain that and improve the quality. >> reporter: but the challenges right now are immense. 86% of the afghan recruits are illiterate. they can't write their names, they can't add or subtract, even at a kindergarten level. that's why the u.s. and nato mission launched an all-out literacy campaign last november to make sure every recruit has at least the basics. this man couldn't even write his own name when he signed up to the afghan army. now he's proud to be reading at a second grade level while supporting his sick father on his soldier's salary. >> translator: before i wasn't able to read the signs. i wasn't able to write letters or sentences. now i'm able even right now if youfy if i want to go to the
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doctor i can see the sign and read it. >> reporter: for this soldier it is much more personal. his older brother was killed by the taliban. >> translator: even my parents told me that you are turning to army, you will be going to the same way but i told my parents, no, i would like to serve to my country from this way. >> reporter: sr gent jesse finley, a u.s. member of the training team, says the afghans have a lot of heart but don't always stick around. >> getting that retainability is very difficult, too, because some of them just want to go back home. get a little pay, go back home. >> reporter: but their home, afghanistan, is at a critical turning point. its future uncertain. >> this war is not over, no. no, it's not over yet. it will be over when the afghan people decide it is over. >> reporter: suzanne malveaux, cnn, kabul, afghanistan. >> so there is tremendous progress that is being made when you consider that 30 years of war has devastated a whole
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generation of afghan people. but there are also some serious questions about whether the afghan army is going to be ready to lead in just a couple of years. there are tribal tensions among afghans that make some worry that the afghans armed and trained may turn on each other once international troops leave. there is still problems with afghans desserting their posts and questions about whether the funding or the afghan army is going to dry up leaving some recruits to give up the fight against the taliban. i'd like to bring in our cnn national security analyst peter bergen to talk a little bit about this. he joins us from d.c. peter, in talking with a lot of the american soldiers, they're on board with this mission to train the afghans so they can take over their own security and they can leave the country in good enough shape to take on the taliban but certainly there are things out of their control. the possibility of tribal tensions, leading afghan dozen turn on each other, possibility afghans will dessert their
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posts. in the short time it has what account military do before 2014 to address those kinds of problems? >> they're all serious problems that you've hit. and i think that the u.s. military has a much better plan over the last couple of the years to deal with some of these problems in terms of trying to increase the retention rate of recruits, trying to increase impressionism of the army. one thing they're doing that's very important is basic literacy. if you're a soldier and you can't fill out some basic forms about what you're doing, that's a problem. of course it is a country with a very high illiteracy rate but they realize particularly for the ncos that you need literacy training but none of these things of course are going to magically transform the afghan national army into something that's highly effective any time soon. my big concern is i haven't seen any evidence the afghan national army is really able to operate independently in large-scale operations.
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that's something we're going -- they're going to need to be able to do once the u.s. and nato presence ends there at the end of 2014. >> peter, it is interesting because some of the folks there who i spoke with are a little nervous about the fact that the american international forces are going to be leaving. they're still not confident enough yet at least to believe that they can do it on their own. but we know that the obama administration is dramatically cutting the funding for the training mission. do we think that this tremendous job can be done with less money? >> well, you know, i mean we're all going to have to -- budget cuts are coming everywhere so this is just a fact of life. money in front of the problem isn't necessarily the way to solve it. one thing that's very practically important which is to get more pashtuns from the south to become part of the army. many feel intimidated to join the army. only 3% of the army is pashtuns from the south. the aim is to get it up to 6%.
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so those sorts are not so much dependent on money but dependent on establishing more security in the south getting people from the south to join the army. >> that's a very good point. let's talk a little bit about security. it was two days after september 11th tenth anniversary when the taliban attack the u.s. embassy. we have since seen high-profile attacks, even the assassination of the afghan official in charge of negotiating the peace talks with the taliban. so we hear the military, they downplay these attacks, peter. they say this is high-profile incidents, they're desperate, that they're not significant militarily but you know, in talking with the afghan folks they certainly had a huge psychological effect. a lot of people very nervous and uncertain about their future. do you think in that sense the taliban is winning? >> i don't think the taliban's winning but my main concern is that the assassination of somebody like the leader of the high peace council that you mentioned and other senior officials from other ethnic
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groups is sort of the beginning of an incipient civil war. i mean these are the opening moves that the taliban is making to prepare for the civil war they hope to establish once the united states and nato has left. we're beginning to see these kinds of measures by the taliban i think are designed to sort of set the stage but they -- they're knocking off the important leaders of the opposition that they know that they'll have to face once the united states and nato leaves. >> peter, let's turn to pakistan. afghanistan's neighbor. do you agree that the bigger problem now is really not afghanistan but pakistan, that their intelligence agencies are cooperating with the haqqani network, that al qaeda there, funding the taliban attacks against their neighboring afghanistan? >> well, the statements of people like admiral mullen i think speak for themselves in terms of there is a strong belief in the u.s. military that pakistani intelligence agency is helping the haqqani network. pakistanis will say for their
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part, sure, we have contacts with the haqqani network as we would with a lot of groups we are interested in trying to control or manipulate so somewhere in there between those two positions is the truth of the matter and of course we've had reports now that the united states is engaging in secret talks with the haqqani network. so it is extra orderly complicated. bottom line, as you know having spent a lot of time there now, is everything that pakistan does is their concern about india. now you've got an afghanistan and india just signed an agreement for strategic partnership. that's going to increase the concerns. they're not going to take haqqani network off the table. >> peter bergen with, thank you so much for your analysis and insights there on this tenth anniversary of the war in afghanistan. well, a man who helped the cia find osama bin laden at this pakistan compound could now be
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charged with treason. we're going to go beyond the headlines with michael holmes. these nasal allergies are spoiling our picnic. i know what works differently than many other allergy medications. omnaris. omnaris, to the nose. did you know nasal symptoms like congestion can be caused by allergic inflammation? omnaris relieves your symptoms by fighting inflammation. side effects may include headache, nose bleed, and sore throat. got allergy symptoms out of my way. now life's a picnic. [ man ] omnaris. ask your doctor. battling nasal allergy symptoms? omnaris combats the cause. get omnaris for only $11 at
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desertin we're now going beyond the headlines. according to the guardian newspaper, the cia was able to track down and kill osama bin laden in large part because of a pakistani doctor. now a government commission in pakistan is recommending that that doctor be charged with treason. michael holmes joins us with the story. tell us a little bit about what the fate of this doctor is and why this is happening now. >> his name is shaquille afreedi. he's been in jail since bin laden was killed. you may remember that according to several reports the cia recruited this doctor. what they wanted him to do was
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run a vaccination program in aba aabbottabad where bin laden was hiding out with his family. they wanted to go house to house to house to offer free vaccinations. they wanted to from the needle get dna evidence to prove one way or the other whether the bin laden family was in the area because the u.s. already had dna from a relative of bin laden who died in the u.s., think it was back in 2000. and this was their way of confirming they were actually there. now the doctor who allegedly ran this program has been in the custody of pakistani security forces since july. now we've heard from pakistan's information ministry that a commission looking into the whole issue of bin laden's death and why he was living there, et cetera, has recommended that the doctor be charged with treason. >> so what account united states do to intervene on his behalf, if at all? >> not a lot. >> really? >> not really, no. the back story to that is of
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course, the pakistanis were annoyed beyond belief. you have the u.s. flying in special forces, going in raiding a house, finding bin laden down the road from a military base. it was embarrassing. and they saw it also as an invasion of their sovereignty. now we've spoken to a u.s. official who says that the u.s. government has repeatedly asked for the doctor's release since he was actually taken into custody but declined to comment on the actual treason charges. diplomatic stuff at play there. >> so how does this play out now? what happens to in guy? >> well, the commission's recommendation of treason is just that, a recommendation. it is not binding. the government doesn't have to act on it. the judicial system doesn't have to act on it. and we don't know whether they will or not. but as i say, there is a lot of politics at play here. >> tell us a little bit about osama bin laden's wives? they are in pakistan. they weren't allowed to leave. now they are able to leave to their home countries? >> well, i think pakistan would like them to leave. remember they came from outside pakistan. there were three wives there.
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eight of bin laden's children were in the compound in abbottabad. they were taken into custody after the u.s. seals went in and took out bin laden. well, the same panel that recommended the doctor be charged with treason has also recommended to basically lift the restrictions on the family and say that they can now go. they've contacted saudi arabia and yemen where the wives were from and they are arranging repatriation. pakistan i think would like to be getting them out the door. >> they're not charged with anything, are they? >> no, they weren't charged with anything. not at all. charged with being married to osama bin laden. but -- then in a way, you've got to remember the pakistanis are miffed -- that's one word we could use -- that this happened on their -- under their noses. down the road from this big military base and then you've got u.s. apaches flying in and landing. >> it created quite a bit of tension too for the obama
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here's what's ahead on the rundown. next millions of americans are out of work. we'll tell you where the jobs are. and then factory workers who have to pay their employers. that's right. an eye-opening cnn investigation into modern day slavery. and then we'll take a look at the u.s. nato mission to build an air force in afghanistan. and, a bit of a surprise on the economic front today -- the economy gained 103,000 jobs last month. it was more than expected. still not enough, however, to keep pace with the population growth. the unemployment rate held steady at 9.1%. despite these tough times, there are some jobs to be found. our cnn's christine roman shows us what's out there, how much money you can expect if you qualify. >> 14 million americans are out of work and if you're one of those 14 million, you're thinking about where can i find a job. today what industries are hiring?
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well, there are three million jobs open right now. 3 million. here's a look at seven jobs, seven categories in high demand even now in this economy. first one is retail workers. average pay here, $25,000 a year. you're not going to send a kid to college but retailers are looking to hire half a million temporary workers with the holidays coming up. the major chains often hire these temp workers full time after the holidays. we definitely saw that last year. retail workers, there are jobs there. commercial truck driver. we've been hearing about this for a couple of years now. maybe 350,000, 400,000 of these jobs available. average pay better than retail. if you can pass the commercial license test, can you drive a truck. your license depends on the class of vehicle that you know how to drive. short-term on-the-job training. next one here, industrial sth r engineer. it is hard and it takes an education but the pay is commensurate. manufacturing companies are fighting tooth and nail for
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these skills. they can look at the manufacturing process at a car factory and figure out ways to streamline things and increase efficiency and increase the bottom line. online job postings are up 28% over the past four months according to here's the next one -- software engineer. you hear us talk about this all the time. average pay is pretty good here, too. if you know how to write software, build a mobile app, code a website chances are you will be able to find work here. labor department expects very strong growth in this sector over the next few years. health care! nurses. pay there can be even better than this with more training. with so many aging baby boomers getting older and needing medical care, the labor department expects the need for registered nurses to grow by about 22% over the next six years. here's a smaller job category -- but interesting nonetheless and hiring -- professional cook. we're talking about top chef type people. professional cooks, hot commodities and hotels and restaurants often swept up by
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the competition at the drop of a hat. there are job openings here. not as many as retail and say truck drivers but they are there. finally, accountant, one of my favorite job categories because of the pay. also because the flexibility of moving around the country. even though there are tons of people graduating from business school with degrees in accounting, these jobs are still hard to fill because they're often very specific for each state and industry. monster says online job postings for these jobs are up 12% or so over the past few months. for more information on these industries and job openings, go to a train carrying ethanol overturns in illinois forcing authorities to evacuate an entire town. but first, here's some free money advice from the cnn money desk. >> time for the help desk where we get answers to your financial questions. with me now, the president of consumer education, and also a personal finance expert. mike in mississippi says he's
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recently retired with significant savings. he has no debt except his mortgage. he wants to know if he should put the money in his retirement account or is the market just too volatile right now? >> if he is retired, unfortunately, the government requires you to actually earn income in order to contribute to an i.r.a. or other type of retirement account. so right now the question that may be more appropriate to ask is how to allocate those investments in a volatile market. question number one is how much do you need in your emergency fund. set that aside. question number two, how much do you need for nearer term expenses over the next one to five years. there you can use very short duration bond funds. after that depending on your risk appetite you can start stepping in to the market and i'd recommend target date retirement funds. nice, set it, forget it. age-appropriate asset allocation. >> paul in boston says he graduated with a master's degree but is currently unable to find full-time work in his field. his student loans come due the end of november but he's not going to be able to cover the
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cost of the loans and living expenses. he's got $46,000 in a 401(k) from a former job. it would cover almost all the loans. should he cash out? >> i never, ever suggest that you cash out your 401(k) and i'm not going to start now. absolutely not. however, since the six-month deferment window is about to expire around he'll start getting invoices for those student loans he's got to figure out a way to make the minimum payments while he figures out a way to get on his feet and get a job with sufficient incomes so that he can continue to make those payments without tapping into his future retirement nest egg and stealing from his 401(k). leave it off-limits. >> that's the absolute last resort. >> it is not an emergency yet. >> if you've got a question you want answered, send us an e-mail any time to cnnhelp accept it.
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citracal. checking stories making news across the country -- one bank of america customer is taking action against the bank's new $5 fee for debit card users. the 22-year-old woman walked into a branch in washington, cut up her credit card, closed the accounts and delivered a petition with 150,000 signatures on it asking the bank to kill the fee. >> they didn't really have a lot of a reaction. i think they were a little bit
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taken aback but it was kind of just a normal transaction. i went in, i gave them the petitions. and then i closed my bank account and that was kind of it. >> authorities have evacuated a small town about 120 miles southwest of chicago after part of a freight train carrying ethanol derailed last night. as many as nine of the cars have caught fire. some have exploded. fire is now under control but it is still burning. halloween display scared some folks in south carolina so much they called 911. they reported seeing what they thought was a bloody body beneath a tractor. it was just somebody getting into the spirit of the spooky holiday. imagine having to work for someone and pay them at the same time. that is the reality for some factory workers in malaysia. a cnn special investigation into modern day slavery.
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following the trail of modern day slave labor. a cnn exclusive investigative report for cnn's freedom project. our dan rivers takes a revealing look at how factory workers in malaysia have to pay their employers in order to be free. in the final segment of his series, dan follows the supply chain from southeast asia to europe where products made by virtual slaves are sold. >> reporter: our regulatiinvest started in cambodia where a mother pleaded with us to help find her daughter trapped in a factory far from home. we tried approaching the employment agency that spirited her abroad, only to be briefly locked up ourselves. but in malaysia we found the girl who told us she's unable to leave until she pays off a supposed debt. now i came to find out how this is allowed to happen in modern
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day malaysia. i've come to speak to a labor expert who doesn't pull his punches. >> this is a modern re-inventing of labor. >> slavery? >> you can say modern forms of slavery. you snow and theoretically these things are not allowed. but then in actual reality, this is widespread. we do not have the kind of powers to actually stop certain things and power actually belongs to the federal government. >> reporter: malaysia's government declined to be interviewed but a local opposition politician did agree to speak and was candid about who he believes is to blame. >> for example, the passports are falsified. she's not 21. she's below 18 but how could the country issue a passport with this false information? so it is just not the private
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recruiting agency in cambodia but also the cambodian authorities. >> reporter: it's not clear where the false passport came from or if anyone from the cambodian government was involved. the government refused an interview but we were determined to follow the supply chain to find someone who would take action. one company supplies components to a number of big companies including western digital whose hard drives can be found on shop shelves in the west. the girl and her friends were part after complex chain, first recruited in cambodia by one agency which in turn passed them to a middleman at this factory which provided labor to jcy which in turn makes components for western digital. their products are sold on high streets around the world. it is this supply chain which keeps the girl shackled to her job. so i've traveled back to london to follow the trail to the consumers. we've come to the heart of
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london's retail electronics business to find out if people care about the conditions of the workers who make the products that are sold in shops up and down high streets across britain. >> it's appalling. it made me think twice. unfortunately when you go into a shop you're talking to a sales person who understandably they've got a job to do and they're probably going to be to be able to answer those questions. i mean it is appalling. >> reporter: i checked in one shop and the man behind the counter knew not where or how the hard drives were made. so most people don't really ask questions about how it's manufactured or where or -- >> no. >> the ethical dimensions of it really. they're not like -- >> not really. >> no. >> reporter: we showed our investigation to harriett lamb, the executive director of fair trade which endorses ethically made products. >> we saw a number of young women. i tried to talk to one wondering if these were workers about to
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leave their jobs. >> do you think one day that kind of scheme could be implemented for the electronics industry? do you think there is potential -- i'm not saying necessarily you but a similar organization can be do something similar in electronics saying, yes, this is ethically manufactured. >> absolutely. and i'm afraid the kind of abuses that your film have exposed show the need for that. actually if companies can't be trusted then we're going to have to have some kind of scheme where the public can go in and say, yes, the companies really have taken responsibility. they haven't said, oh, well it is someone else, it's someone else, it's someone else. sorry, that's not good enough. but they have actually taken responsibility and it's been independently checked. fair trade movement started in food. there's actually no reason why those principles can't apply to any sector of the economy. >> reporter: western digital also declined an interview but said in an e-mail they're and industry leader on the labor standards code called the electronics industry citizenship coalition and demand all their
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supplies adhere to it but they add -- >> cnn's recent inquiry accelerated our scheduled audit of a second jcy facility which was completed last week. we reviewed our findings with jcy management and we are partnering with them to put corrective actions in place. absent effective and sustained improvement, other actions would be taken up to and including discontinued our relationship with that supplier. >> reporter: their supplier, jcy, told cnn they tried to resolve workers' grievances f r fairly and employees are free to leave their company at any time. the girl tells us since western digital's corrective actions, her pay has increased significantly and her working conditions have also improved, including proper breaks during her shifts. but she is still trying to pay off her debt to the agency and is still unable to get home. this hard drive has come
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literally half-way around the world from a factory in malaysia to an electronics store here in london. but despite our investigation, the girl and her friends remain stuck in that factory unable to leave until they've paid off their debt. and unable to get back home to their village in cambodia and their families. i wonder how many other young people will end up like her, forced to work for years away from home? surrendering their freedom. dan rivers, cnn, london. >> you can watch dan's exclusive reports again. the cnn freedom project website is it gives victims a voice, exposes the traffickers behind this multi-billion dollar business. also shows you how you can help to put an end to modern day slavery. ten years after the start of the war in afghanistan, had a
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chance to see the progress for myself. >> we're seeing afghanistan from above. it is critical to its security. >> i'll show you what i saw recently as the u.s. military tries to train afghanistan's air force. including a woman who's training to be a military pilot. defying tradition. [ tires squeal ] an accident doesn't have to slow you down. with better car replacement, available only from liberty mutual insurance, if your car's totaled, we give you the money to buy a car that's one model-year newer with 15,000 fewer miles on it. there's no other auto insurance product like it. better car replacement, available only from liberty mutual. it's a better policy that gets you a better car.
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the war in afghanistan today hit the ten-year mark. u.s. and nato allies pride themselves on having control over the skies. there are no enemy fighters in afghanistan airspace. but taliban militants are still able to shoot down aircraft with rocket propelled grenades. training afghan pilots has mostly taken place in the united
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states and europe, but now part of the u.s. nato mission is to build up an afghan air force in afghanistan itself. i took to the skies with general william caldwell to see for ourselves how challenging that mission is. >> reporter: getting around afghanistan is tough. it's the size of texas but has poor roads, extreme weather, and rugged terrain. travelers are often the target of insurgent attacks. seeing afghanistan from above is critical to its security. they have to come out and try to get supplies for those remote places. a helicopter is essential. and is the afghan pilots. we are taking on a training exercise aboard a russian-made mi-17, often used for battlefield operations. on this day we fly across a huge lake 20 miles east of kabul, a desolate area but it is
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strategically important for those fighting the taliban. >> this is unbelievable. just went about 30 minutes or is on this helicopter ride across afghanistan and jalgentlemajala is what we followed. kind of here now in the middle of nowhere. tell me a little bit about the mission. americans alongside the afghans flying these things? >> it is not only just the americans and afghans, it is americans in our squadron, folks from the chuk republic and hungary all of which are providing training in the helicopters that you see there. so it's been the ride of my life so far with respect -- >> mine, too. >> but it's just been a phenomenal job. >> we saw some pretty rough terrain. explain to us how important it is to have these helicopters in and out. seems like it is really the best way to learn about these mountains and how to supply these routes. yeah? >> yeah. the options that you have are a donkey possibly or helicopter.
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a lot of times again as you can see with the rough terrain, especially as you go out to the northeast of where we are, it just gets worse. >> how important is it to make sure that the afghans are able to fly these helicopters not only these helicopters but some more advances aircraft, too? >> well, it is a fairly expensive asset. i mean it is a $12 million each one of those helicopters that we have out there. and they need to make sure and the leadership of afghanistan wants to ensure that the people we have flying can handle that $12 million asset. >> reporter: 19-year-old afghan sophia ferosi is training to become one of afghanistan's few female pilots. this is her first time ever on a plane. it is a c-27. she tells me she's excited. american master sergeant erin manly shows off the plane's capabilities but opening the rear ramp. sophia gets to sit with the pilots. the bumpy ride makes her queasy but she quickly recovers.
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>> translator: on landing she tells me she's not deterred. she feels great. her american mentor is proud. >> it is great for to you take this and run with it and build a foundation for future females in afghanistan. >> she is certainly paving the way. approximately 200 afghan pilots and the u.s. and nato want to double that in four years. this is admittedly the elite of the elite among afghan security forces. it is going to require the most time in training before afghans are up to speed to protect their own skies. a new rover will soon be on its way to mars. chad meyers will fill us in. [ male announcer ] attention medicare beneficiaries. the annual enrollment period to switch your current medicare coverage is earlier this year.
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and not compromise on taste? try smart balance fat free milk. it's what you'd expect from the folks at smart balance. an upcoming nasa mission to mars getting closer to lift-off. it includes a new rover account curiosity" that will have a unique way of landing on the red l planet. >> lots of moving parts on this guy. almost overengineered this thing i think. we'll see. remember the rovers they were riding around, supposed to last for six months, they lasted for years and years and years? well now another one is going. november 25th. how long do you think it will take to get to mars? >> i don't know. days? weeks? >> 8 1/2 months. 8 1/2 months for this thing. and they blast off november 25th, these secondary stage will shoot the satellite, shoot the lander eventually away. it is moving at about 13,000 miles per hour when it finally
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hits the martian atmosphere. then all these technical things start to happen. they put a parachute out to sploe slow it down to about mach-2. as it slows down it will land on its wleels. they hope. the first one didn't land very well. there is a lot of moving parts on this. the coolest part they've found a striation kind of area that they think may have different layers of levels. you look at like a road that gets cut through the rock? you'll see different layers? those are different years that the layer was made. they'll try to take this and dig into it, dig into the soil and as they do they'll put it into analysis and tell us whether there ever was life on mars. not now. but maybe 300 million years ago? do you think so, chad in. >> i do. you bet. >> i suspect. "cnn newsroom" continues right now with randi kaye. hi there, suzanne. thank you very mu.


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