tv Legal View With Ashleigh Banfield CNN November 20, 2013 8:00am-9:01am PST
wrecking ball. instead of always breaking the speed limit, he might cry using the brakes. cnn, new york. >> oh, my. all right. we're going to leave you with live pictures this morning of the medal of freedom ceremony. people are gathering in washington. mr. hillary clinton. >> she is, of course, the proud wife of a medal recipient today. >> thanks for joining us today. our special coverage of the medical of freedom ceremony gets underway in just a few minutes. our special coverage with jake tapper begins right now. hello everyone. i'm jake tapper in for ashleigh banfield. right now you're looking at live pictures from the east room of
the white house. that's former secretary of state hillary clinton. her husband, bill, will be a recipient of the presidential medal of freedom any minute now. history is being made at the white house. 16 people, including president clinton, are being honored in hour with the presidential medical of freedom. this happens to be the 50th anniversary of this award which was started by president john f. kennedy. it's given for mayor torous contributions or security of the national interests, to world peace or other significant public or private endeavors. we'll take you live to the white house as soon as the ceremony begins. ernie banks, a legendary chicago cubs shortstop, benefit bradlee, former president bill clinton. former hawaii senator daniel
ininouye. richard lugar, daniel khanman, country singer loretta lynn. mario molina, mexican-american chemist. former astronaut sally ride. and bayard rustin. arturo sandoval. dean smith, a legendary unc head basketball coach. gloria steinem. ct vivian, a colleague and friend of martin luther king jr. and administrator of the anti-clan network. and patricia wald. and oprah winfrey. and there's a second awards
ceremony this morning. the congressional gold medical is being given to the representatives of native-american tribes who is language served as the unbreakable military code during both world war. you have no doubt heard of the code talkers. many people are watching the body language between bill clinton and barack obama. since bill clinton recently went off script a little and said that president obama should offer the promise that he made, if you like your plan, you can keep your plan. president obama in the past has gotten his own jabs in on the former president. in the new book he's quoted as telling an aid that he can only take bill clinton in doses. let's bring in our panel for more on this.
gloria, i'll start with you. a lot of people are going to be watching their body language. but they're adepartment politicians. i'm sure it will look very warm on stage between them. >> i think it will. it was warm until this book came out in which the president said, i like him in doses and couldn't finish a round of golf with him. but don't forget what bill clinton did for president obama during this re-election. some would argue that the speech that bill clinton gave at that convention was one of the most important speeches of the campaign. and when the president won re-election, one of the first people he got on the telephone was none other than bill clinton to thank him. >> and also they'll be honoring loretta lynn at today's ceremony. what is the significance of loretta lynn, country music singer? >> i think she is of one of the first country music singers who really crossed over.
coal miner's daughter. she's got a heart that's bigger than she is. she's one of the first stories that i wrote for newsweek back in the '70s. i traveled with her and her bus. she's a wonderful human being. i think her music and life and how she's lived it is what's being honored. >> i'm jealous. that must have been an incredible experience. and these awards aring not going only to famous people, but people who are notable to contributions for society like ct vivian. >> he was at adviser to martin luther king. he was the liter of the anti-clan movement. and he is also honoring rustin who passed away year's ago.
he was an advisor to randolph, one of the first african-americans to suggest a march on washington. and later he was the organizer of the first march on washington in 1963. this year we celebrated the 50th anniversary. there are so many luminaries that he's acknowledging. dean smith, a basketball coach, yufrts of north carolina, he was also aism rights activist and a big -- and of course, gloria steinem and oprah winfrey. >> and gloria, oprah winfrey, also a hugely successful business woman. but this is a woman whose endorsement of president obama was very significant. >> it was significant. and by the way, very controversial for her. she was america's talk show host.
and for the first time she kind of took sides in a political race. >> against a woman. against hillary clinton. >> and that was huge for her. because nobody knew how her aud aud audience was going to react. and let me say, ben bradlee. those of us who grew up in the watergate years. he is sort of the ultimate newspaper editor. i'm an old newspaper girl. i grew up and i looked at ben bradlee, and i thought, that guy had the courage of his convictions. he trustsed his reporters. it was a controversial time. and for those of us who went into journalism and said, boy, he's the editor we would all aspire to be or work for.
>> and is president obama coming in? no, i'm sorry. eleanor, senator dick lugar, who lost re-election during the primary, he and president obama have worked closely together in the past. >> that's right. i think senator obama reregarded senator lugar as his mentor in the brief time that he spent in the senate. he's known for working across the aisle. he's known as nonlugar in going after what used to be the old soviet union. he had an ileus truss career. he lost to the tea party in a bitter fight. and he seems in a way out of place with awful these sort of celebrity types. but that's what is so beautiful about this occasion. there are some people that are not household names that really deserve recognition. >> let's go back to bill clinton. president obama, there was a lot
of tension between the two men during the 2007-2008 presidential primary. and for the last four or five years, there have been episodes of tension and tremendous cooperation. how do you view their relationship? >> i think that president obama respects president bill clinton. he respects his contribution to american life and globally with the clinton global initiative. they talk off the record all the time. bill clinton is known as the secretary of explaining stuff. the person that often the president turns to explain difficult issues. but i think they have a very respectful relationship. and people shouldn't underestimate that here in the district. >> they're two hugely different kinds of politicians. bill clinton loves the joy of politics and getting out there and talking to every last person he can. and president obama is a very
different kind of politician. cooler politician. much more cerebral. you can understand why they had their differences because they operated so differently as president. >> we're going to take a quick break. when we come back, more discussion and analysis of the clinton-obama relationship. we're awaiting the start of the medal of freedom ceremony here at the white house. here comes a quick break. [ male announcer ] when you have sinus pressure and pain, you feel...squeezed. congested. beat down. crushed. as if the weight of the world is resting on your face. but sudafed gives you maximum strength sinus pressure and pain relief. so you feel free. liberated. released. decongested. open for business. [ inhales, exhales ]
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mrs. owe shawn see accepting on behalf of sally k. ride. mr. walter anywherele, accepting on behalf of his partner bayard rustin. mr. arturo sandoval. mrs. smith, accepting on behalf of her husband, dean smith. mrs. gloria steinem. reverend c.t. vivian. the honorable patricia wald. mrs. oprah winfrey. [ applause ]
myself, welcome to the white house. this is one of my favorite events every year, especially it's special this year as i look at this extraordinary group of individuals and our opportunity to honor them with our nation's highest civilian honor, the presidential medal of freedom. and this year it's just a little more special because this marks the 50th anniversary of president kennedy establishing this award. we're honored, by the way, today, to have with us one of my favorite people ethyl kennedy and a pretty good basketball player, president kennedy's grandson jack. [ applause ]
now this medical has been bestowed on more than 500 deserving people. tonight i'm looking forward to joining some of these honorees as well as members of the kennedy family. and this morning we're honored to add 16 new names to this distinguished list. today we salute fierce competitors who became true champions. in the sweltering heat of a chicago summer, ernie banks walked into the cubs' locker room and he didn't like what he saw. everybody was sitting around, heads down, depressed. so he piped up and said, boy, what a great day, let's play two. that's mr. cup. a man who came up through the negro leagues making $7 a day
and became the first black player to suit up for the cubs and one of the greatest hitters of all-time. and in the process, ernie became known as much for his home runs as for her cheer and optimism and faith that some day the cubs would go all the way. and that's -- that's serious belief. that is something that even a white sox fan like me can even respect. he is just a wonderful man and a great icon of my hometown. speaking of sports, dean smith is one of the winningest coaches in college basketball history. but his success goes far beyond that. he graduated 96% of his players. first coach to use multiple defenses in the game. he was the pioneer who poppized
the idea of pointing to the passer after a basket, players shut point to the teammate who passed them the ball. and with his first national title on the line, he did have the good sense to give the ball to a 19-year-old kid named michael jordan. although they use the to joke that the only personal who ever held michael under 20 was dean smith. while coach smith couldn't join us today due to an illness that he's facing with extraordinary courage, we also honor his courage in helping to change our country. he recruited the first black schip athlete to north carolina and helped integrate a restaurant in it a neighborhood. that's the kind of character that he represented on and off the court. we salute inknow natures who pib the limits of science. and growing up, sally ride read about the space program in the
newspaper almost every day. and she thought, this was the coolest thing around. when she was a ph.d. candidate at stanford, she saw an ad and she seized the opportunity as the first american woman in space. she didn't just break the ceiling, she blasted through it. and when she came back to earth, she doe voted her life to young girls. they need to see role models, she said. you can't be what you can't see. today our daughters can set their sights a little higher because sally ride showed them the way. all of us have moments when we look back and wonder, what the heck was i thinking? i have that quite a bit.
psychologist daniel kahneman has made that simple question his life's work. he basically invented the study of human decision making. he's helped us to understand everything from behavioral economics to does living in california make people happy. he's been called an expert on irrational behavior, so i'm sure that he could shed some light on washington. but what truly sets daniel apart is his curiosity. guided by his belief that people are endlessly complicated and interesting. at 79 he's still discovering new insights. dr. mario molina's love of science started as a young boy
in next cocity. and that passion for discovery led him to become one of the most respected chemists in his era. he was awarded the nobel prize in chemistry. and thanks to mario's work, the world came together to address a common thread. and today, inspired by his example, we're working to leave our planet safer and cleaner for future generations. we also have to salute musicians. loretta lynn, was 19 the first time she won big at the local fair. her canned vegetables brought home 17 blue ribbons and made her canner of the year. now, that's impressive.
for a girl from butcher hollow, kentucky, that was fame. fortunately for all of us she decided to try her hand at things other than canning. her first guitar cost $17. and with it, this coal miner's daughter gave voice to a generation singing about what no one wanted to talk about or think about. now over 50 years after she cut her first record and canned her first vegetables, she still reigns as the rule breaking, record setting queen of country music. as a young man in cuba, arturo sandoval loved jazz so much it landed him in jail. it was the cold ward. and the only radio station where he could hear jazz was the voice of america, which was dangerous to listen to. but he listened anyway. later he defected to the united states knowing that he might
never see his parents or beloved homeland again. without freedom, he said there is no life. and today he's one of the most celebrated trumpet players in the world. there isn't anyplace on earth where the people don't know about jazz. and that's true in part because musicians like him have sacrificed so much to play it. we salute pioneers who pushed our nations. a baptist minister, c.t. vivian was one of dr. martin luther king's closest advisors. martin taught us, he says, that it's in the action that we find out who we really r and time and again reverend vivian was among the first to be in the action. one of the first freedom writers. and on the courthouse steps to register blacks to vote for which he was beaten, bloodied,
and jailed. rosa parks said of him, even after things are supposedly been taken care of and we had our rights, he was still out there inspiring the next generation. including me. helping kids go to college for a program that would become upward bound. and at 89 years old, he's still out there pushing us closer to our founding-year-olds. now early in the morning the day of the march on washington, the national mall was far from full. but the marches chief organizer, bayard rustin, didn't panic. as the story goes, he looked down at a piece of paper and reassured reporters that everything was right on schedule. the only thing that they didn't know was that the paper he was holding was blank. he didn't know how it was going to work out.
but bayard had an unshakeable onty michl. nerves of steel. and most importantly, a faith that if the cause is just and people are organized, nothing can stand in our way. for decades this great leader was denied his rightful place in history because he was openly gay. no medal can change that. but today we honor bayard rustin's memory by taking our place in his march toward true equality. no matter who we are or who we love. [ applause ] speaking of game changers. there's a young girl named gloria steinem who arrived in new york to make her mark as a journalist. and magazines only wanted her to write arms with how to cook without really cooking for men. gloria noticed things like that.
she's been called a champion noticer. she's alert to all the ways that women had been and in some cases continue to be treated unfairly just because they're women. as a writer, a speaker, an activist, she awakened a vast and obvious skeptical public to problems like domestic violence, lack of affordable child care. and because of her work across america and around the world, more women are afforded the respect and opportunities that they deserve. but she always changed how women thought about themselves. and gloria continues to pour her heart into teaching and mentoring. her one piece of advice to young girls is, do not listen to my advice, listen to the voice inside of you and follow that.
when patricia wald's law firm asked if she would come back after her first child, she said she would like time off to focus on her family. devoted almost ten years to raising five children. but she never lost the itch to practice law. she would hit the library on weekends. at the age of 40, she went back to the court room to show the young kids a thing or two. as the first female judge on the d.c. circuit, she was a top candidate for attorney general. after leaving the bench, her idea of retirement was to go to the hag to preside over the trials of war criminals. she says she hopes enough women will become judges that it's not worth celebrating anymore. but today we celebrate her. and along with gloria, she shows that there were all kinds of paths listening to your own voice. we salute communicators who shined a light on stories no one
else was telling. a veteran of world war ii and more than a dozen pacific battles. ben bradlee brought the same intensity and dedication to journalism. since joining the "washington post" 65 years ago, he transformed that newspaper to one of the finest in the world. with ben in charge, they published the pentagon papers, exposed watergate, holding america's leaders accountable and reminding us that our freedom as a nation rests on our freedom of the press. and when he retired, they put it in a poem. a rare ben brand lee, his reign has ceased. but his nation stands, its strength increased. and i also indicated to ben, he could pull off those shirts and
i can't. he always looks so cool in them. early in openra winfrey's career, her bosses told her she should change her name to suzy. i have to pause here to say, i got the same advice. they didn't say i should be named suzy, but they suggested that i should change my name. people can relate to suzy. that's what they said. it turned out, surprisingly, that people could relate to oprah just fine. in more than 4500 episodes of her show, her message was always, you can. you can do and you can be and you can grow.
and it can be better. and she is living proof. rising from childhood poverty and abuse to the pinnacle of the entertainment universe. but even with 40 emmys, the distinction of being the first black female billionaire, her greatest strength has always been her ability to hef us discover the best in ourselves. michelle and i count ourselves among her many devoted fans and friends. as one of those fans wrote, i didn't know i had a light in me, until oprah told me it was there. what a great gift. and finally we salute public servants who strengthen our nation. daniel inouye was a humble man. he liked to wear a pin representing the good conduct medal he earneds a teenage private. to behave yourself takes special
effort. and he always honored his family and country, even when his country didn't always honor him. after being classified as an enemy alien, he joined a japanese american unit that became one of the most decorated in world war ii. as the second longest serving senator in history, he -- a young kid who grew up in hawaii who noticed that there was somebody during some of those hearings in washington that didn't look like anybody else, which meant that maybe i had a chance to do something important too. he taught all of us that this country has a place for everybody who is willing to serve and work hard. a proud hoosier. dick lugar has served make for more than half a century. i'll always be thankful to dick for taking me, a new junior
senator under his wing. including travels together to review some of his visionary work in the soviet union. something that doesn't get a lot of public notice, but was critical to making us safer in the wake of the cold war. i should say traveling with dick, you get close to unexplodes land mines, mortar shells, test tubes filled with anthrax and the plague. his legacy, though, is the thousands of missiles and bombers and submarines and warheads that no longer threaten us. and our nation and world are safer because of this statesman. and in a time of unrelenting partisanship, he stands as a model of what public service ought to be.
and last, but never the least, we honor a leader who we still remember with such extraordinary fondness. he still remembers as a child waving good-bye to his mom as she went out to nursing school so she could provide for her family. and i think lifting up families like his own became the story of bill clinton's life. he remembered what his mom had to do on behalf of him. and he wanted to make sure that he made life better and easier for so many people all across the country that were struggling in those same ways and had the same hopes and dreams. as a governor he transformed education so more kids could pursue the dreams. as president, he proved that with the right choices you could grow the economy, lift people
out of professorty, shrink our deficits and still invest in families, health, schools, science technology. and in other words, we can go farther when we look out for each other. as we've all seen as president, he was just getting started. he doesn't stop. he's helped lead relief efforts after a sue name, hurricane katrina. his foundation have helped to save and improve the lives of literally hundreds of millions of people. and i am most grateful for his patience during the endless travels of my secretary of state. so i'm grateful, bill, as well for the advice and counsel that you have honored me with on and
off the golf course. and most importantly for your lifesaving work around the world. thank you so much, president clinton. applause [ applause ] >> so these are the recipients of the 2013 presidential memgds of freedom. these are the men and women who remind us all of the beauty of the human spirit and the values that define us as americans, the potential that lives inside awful us. i could not be more happy and more honored to participate in this ceremony here today. with that, what i would like to do is invite our honorees to just sit there and let all of us stand and give you a big round of applause.
you want to hit it? >> presidential medal of freedom recipients. ernie banks. [ applause ] with an unmatched enthusiasm for america's past time, ernie banks smiled his way into the record books. known to fans as mr. cub, he played an extraordinary 19 seasons with the chicago cubs during which he was named to 11 all-star teams, hit over 500 home runs and won back to back most valuable player honors. he was elected to the hall of fame in 1977 and will foreveren known as one of the most dynamic
he oversaw coverage of the watergate scandal and successfully challenged the federal government over the right to publish the pentagon papers. his passion for accuracy and unyielding pursuit of truth continued to set the standard for journalism. [ applause ] [ applause ] the honorable william j. clinton.
[ applause ] among the finest public serve yapts of our time, president william j. clinton argued cases for the people of arkansas, served his state in the governor's mansion and guided our nation into a new century. as the 42nd president, he over saw a era of change and change. his work after leave pg public office continues to respect his passionate unending commitment toism proving the lives of people around the world. both at home and abroad and as founder of clinton foundation, he has shown that through creative cooperation among men and women of good will, we can solve the most retractable problems. [ applause ]
[ cheers and applause ] >> irene inouye accepting on behalf of her husband, daniel k. inouye. a true patriot and dedicated public serve yangt, daniel k. inouye understood the -- as americans. as a member of the revered 442nd combat team, daniel inouye helped free europe from the grasp of tear any during world war ii.
representing the people of hawaii, he never lost sight of the-year-olds that bienld us across the 50 states. senator's inouye's reason and resolve help make our country what it is today. and for that, we honor him. [ applause ] dr. daniel kahneman. [ applause ] daniel kahneman's groundbreaking work earned him a nobel prize for his research in developing prospect theory. after escaping from france as a young boy, dr. kahneman grew interested in understanding the
origins of people's beliefs, come bieng psychology and economic analysis and working alongside dr. verse ki. he used simple experiments to demonstrate how people make decisions under uncertain circumstances. and he forever changed the way we view human judgment. [ applause ] the honorable richard g. lugar. [ applause ] representing the state of indiana for over three decades in the united states senate, richard g. lugar put country
above party and himself. throughout his time in the senate, he offeredesquetive solutions to our national and international problems advocating for the control of nuclear arms and other weapons of mass destruction. he established the nun-lugar cooperative threat reduction program. one of our country's most successful national security programs. he remains a strong voice on foreign policy issues and his informed perspective will have broad influence for years to come. [ applause ] loretta lynn.
[ applause ] born a coal miner's daughter, loretta lynn has followed a bold path to become a legend in country music. she has written dozens of chart topping songs, released scores of albums. breaking barriers in country music and entertainment, she opened doors for women not only by winning tremendous achievements, but also by raising issues few dared to discuss. fearlessly telling her own stories with candor and humor, loretta lynn has brought a strong female voice to mainstream music. captured the owe meegss of men and women a-like and revealed the common truth about life as it is lived. [ applause ]
dr. mario molina. [ applause ] with curiosity and creativity that inspired him to convert his family's bathroom into a laboratory as a child have driven him through decades of scientific research. born in mexico, his passion for chemistry bought him to the united states where his investigations of chemicals led to break throughs. the impact of his discoveries extends far beyond his field. fostering international awareness as well as earning him
the 1995 nobel prize in chemistry. today he remains a global leader continuing to study air quality, climate change, and the environment that connects us all. [ applause ] tam owe shawnsy accepting on behalf of the her life partner dr. sally k. ride. [ applause ] 30 years ago, dr. sally k. ride soared into space as the youngest american and first woman to wear the stars and stripes above earth's atmosphere.
as an astronaut, she sought to keep american at the forefront of space exploration. as a role model, she fought tirelessly to inspire young people, especially girls, to become scientifically literate and pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and math. at the end of her life, she became an inspiration for those battling pan kree attic cancer and for the lesbian and gay transgenderreaching for the stars. walter neagle, accepting on behalf of his partner, myard ruston.
byard russton was a giant in the american civil rights movement. openly gay at a time when many had to hide who they loved, his unwavering belief that we are all equal members of a single human family took him from his first freedom ride to the lesbian, gay, by sexual and transgender rights movement. thanks to his unparalleled skills as an organizer, progress that once seemed impossible appears in retrospect to have been inevitable. 50 years after the march on washington, he organized, america honors bayard russ tin as one of its greatest architects for social change and a fearless advocate for its most vulnerable citizens.
arturo sandoval. world's finest jazz musicians. born into poverty in cuba and held back by his government, he risked everything to share his gifts with the world, eventually defecting with help from dizzy gillespie, his mentor and friend. in the decades since, this is astonishing trumt perrer, me analyst and come poeszer has inspired audiences in every corner of the world and wakened a new generation of great performers. he remains one of the best ever to play.
lanya smith accepting on behalf of her husband, dean e. smith. dean e. smith spent 36 seasons taking college basketball to new heights. as head coach at the university of north carolina at chapel hill, he led his team to 11 final fours, two national titles, and 80079 victories, retiring at the winningest men's college basketball coach in history. dean smith brought the same commitment to supporting his players off the court. he helped more than 96% of his lettermen graduate and in an era of deep division, he taught
players to overcome bigotry with courage and compassion. he will forever stand as one of the greatest coaches in college basketball history. [ applause ] gloria steinham. a trail blazing writer and feminist organizer, gloria steinham has been at the forefront of the fight for equality and social justice for more than four decades. instrumental to a broad range of initiatives and issues from establishing ms magazine and take our daughters to workday to pushing for women's
self-empowerment and an end to sex trafficking. she has promoted lasting political and social change in america and abroad. through her reporting and speaking, she has shaped debates on the intersection of sex and race. brought critical problems to national attention and forged new opportunities for women in media. gloral steinham continues to move tus all to take up the cause of reaching for a more just tomorrow. reverend c.t. vivian.
equipped only with courage and an overwhelming commitment to social justice, the reverend c.t. vivian was a stalwart activist on the march toward racial equality, whether at a lunch counter, on a freedom ride or behind the bars of a prison cell, he was unafraid to take bold action in the face of fierce resistance. by pushing change through nonviolent demonstration and advocacy, c.t. vivian establish the and led numerous organizations to support underserved individuals and communities. his legacy of combating injustice will shine as an example for generations to come.
[ applause ] pa tricia mcgown wald. patricia mcgowen wald made history as the first woman appointed to the united states court of appeals for the district of columbia circuit. rising to chief judge of the court, she always strove to better understand the law and fairly apply it. after leaving federal service, judge wald helped institute standards for justice and the rule of law at the international criminal tribunal for the former yugoslavia in the hague. hailed as a model judge, she laid a foundation for countless women within the legal profession and helped unveil the
humanity within the law. [ applause ]ñññ oprah g. winfrey. oprah g. winfrey is a global media icon. when she launched the oprah winfrey show" in 1986, there were few women and even fewer women of color with a national platform to discuss the issues and events shaping our times. but over the 25 years that followed, oprah winfrey's ipnate gift for tapping into our most fervent hopes and deepest fears
drew millions of viewers across every background, making her show the highest rated talk show in television history. off screen, oprah winfrey has used her influence to support underserved communities and to lift up the lives of young people, especially young women around the world. in her story, we are reminded that no dream can be deferred when we refuse to let life's obstacles keep us down. [ applause ] >> medal of freedom honorees, please.
hey. all right. well, that concludes the formal part of today's ceremony. i want to thank all of you for being here. obviously, we are deeply indebted to those who we honor here today. and we're going to have an opportunity to take some pictures with the honorees and their family members. the rest of you, i understand the food here is pretty good. so i hope you