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tv   The Lead With Jake Tapper  CNN  April 2, 2015 1:00pm-2:01pm PDT

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them. but al shabab still has some level of power when it comes to these attacks in kenya. >> thank you very much for that. thank you for being with me. i'm brooke baldwin in new york. "the lead" with jake tapper starts right now. so it appears they got a deal. but is it a good deal? i'm jake tapper. this is "the lead." the world lead. the west cuts a deal with iran one that allegedly slams the brakes on tehran's nuclear program. now the u.s. says iran will have to prove its good intentions and president obama promises if iran cheats, the world will know it. the national lead. law enforcement arresting two brooklyn women they say wanted to blow up their fellow americans. as one of al qaeda's big players, a terrorist with a spot on the pentagon's kill list just got hauled back to u.s. soil and he is an american, too.
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in other world news investigators in france now have that doomed jet's second black box, the flight data recorder but perhaps even more revealing, maybe the data imbedded in the co-pilot's ipad. good afternoon. welcome to "the lead." i'm jake tapper. we have some breaking news in our world lead. with president obama just announcing a few minutes ago a landmark deal with iran that he says will limit that country's nuclear ambitions to peaceful purposes by blocking every pathway to a nuclear bomb. >> as president and commander in chief, i have no greater responsibility than the security of the american people. and i'm convinced that if this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal it will make our country, our allies and our world safer. >> secretary of state john kerry, who has been working on these negotiations for nearly
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two years, said the deal would reduce iran's stockpile of low enriched uranium by 98%, cut its supply of centrifuges from 19,000 to just over 6,000, and allow rigorous inspections of iran's nuclear facilities. in exchange in part the west will eliminate sanctions that have crippled the iranian economy. this deal of course has been the subject of intense speculation and criticism and debate many in congress have already vowed to block it. the president addressed that threat today, saying they should not carry that out. >> if congress kills this deal not based on expert analysis and without offering any reasonable alternative, then it's the united states that will be blamed for the failure of diplomacy. >> let's go to cnn's jim sciutto at the state department. he has covered iran for years, visited ten times. jim, what happens now? this is just a framework for a deal. >> reporter: it is. you still have details to work
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out, for instance the exact timeline on lifting of sanctions. that's the west's key leverage. that's the real carrot to the iranians. you have the legislative hurdles you mentioned. there are two bills teed up on the hill to impose new sanctions on iran and you already have some gop voices coming out criticizing the deal. but i've got to tell you, when you think of where these two countries were just two years ago, they hadn't talked to each other officially in nearly four decades. it started with the secret talks and the handshake in new york between president obama and the iranian president, then you launched into these talks and after 18 months of difficult talks, it became almost normal boring to have u.s. and iranian diplomats talking to each other. so to get to this point after that deep and troubled history is pretty remarkable in that time frame. >> the president of iran was elected in part because he promised to attempt at least a new relation with the west. what has the reaction been like in iran? >> reporter: i got to tell you, here in the u.s. a lot of americans may watch this look at this as sort of a dry
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diplomatic deal view it principally through the prism of iran's nuclear program which is of course a big deal for the u.s. in iran though it is nothing short of ending or at least the prospect of ending international isolation in every way. they can't buy cars for two, three times what they would be due to sanctions. you can't get chemotherapy medicines, et cetera so there is celebration today. one that caught my eye is a trending topic in iran selfies with obama. because the obama comments were aired live on iranian state tv. that is unprecedented. you had people taking pictures of themselves with him, putting up videos dancing and celebrating. this is a big, historic moment from the view of the iranian people sort of them being released in effect from international status. it's a big deal there. >> jim sciutto, thank you so much. of course we just heard from some republicans criticizing this deal. republican senator tom cotton of arkansas one of the president's
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top critics on iran says in a statement there is no nuclear deal only a list of dangerous u.s. concessions. let's talk about this deal. the specifics of it with gary seymour, former top nuclear advisor for president obama, currently the executive director for research at the belfour center for science and international affairs at the kennedy school of government at harvard. also mr. sam morgan is president of united against a nuclear iran. thanks so much for being here. sanctions. let's talk about the stanksanctions when they will be relieved. the white house fact sheet says sanctions will be suspended after the iaea has verified that iran has taken all of its key nuclear related steps. what does that mean and how soon could the sanctions be lifted? >> well of course it's not clear what the key steps are. that remains to be defined. but presumably that means once
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the centrifuges have been removed and placed in storage under iaea monitoring once the low enriched uranium has been disposed of how it will be disposed of is not clarified. once the main components for the heavy water research reactor have been destroyed. so all of these steps could easily take a matter of months. so it's not going to happen quickly. but once iran has carried out all of those key steps to be defined, then all of the sanctions will be suspended. all of the nuclear related sanctions. >> right. they still have sanctions when it comes to human rights abuses and other matters. the white house put out a fact sheet today. i would love to see the iranian government's fact sheet. in the white house fact sheet it says inspectors quote, will have regular access to all of iran's nuclear facilities will have access to the supply chain that supports iran's nuclear program to the uranium mines and mills. is there anything iran did not
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agree to when it comes to inspections? >> well interestingly, the government of iran did issue their own fact sheet and it's in farsi. i'm having it translated. i think one danger here is that we have issued our version of events. we have a fact sheet which represents what we think the details of the framework are. the iranians have issued their own separate fact sheet which represents the deals as they see it. and clearly there is room for disagreement and there are many precise details that haven't been resolved. i think especially in the inspection area we don't have very much precise detail about the procedures. we know what the overall aspiration is and on paper, it's a very significant system of inspection and monitoring. >> on american paper, we should point out, right? >> pardon me? >> on american paper. because we don't know what the
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iranian paper looks like. >> yes. exactly. so the u.s. version of what was agreed looks very good on paper, in principle, but as always with inspections, the devil is really in the details. so there's a lot of work to be done between now and june 30th when the parties are supposed to complete a comprehensive agreement. >> we just got some reaction from israel the intelligence minister there says that iran quote, continues its path of conquest terrorism and says those who are celebrating today are disconnected from reality. we never expected the israeli government to support this deal. obviously prime minister benjamin netanyahu who was re-elected not long ago, has been a very vocal critic. is there anything in this deal that israel might like? >> well i think the way in which the heavy water research
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reactor is going to be reduced to a reactor that can't produce a significant amount of plutonium should be satisfactory to the israelis because it's clear that the current reactor core is going to be destroyed or removed from the country. and that's a pretty substantial modification. so that it seems to me should make the israelis happy. the way that fordau will be converted to a facility not including any enrichment at least for 15 years, that should make the israelis somewhat happy but overall, i expect that prime minister netanyahu will reject this agreement and will try his very best to work with congress to try to overturn it. >> we should point out that some supporters of the israeli government advocates are pointing out that iran in presenting this deal to its people the iranian government is noting that a facility will continue to be able to enrich
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uranium. we have so much more to talk about about this deal over the coming days and weeks. thank you so much for your expertise. appreciate it. >> thank you, jake. happy to be here. in our national lead an american dragged back to the united states after being arrested in pakistan just minutes ago, this american sat in a brooklyn courtroom accused of having ties to al qaeda and plotting to fight against american troops. this at the same time that federal prosecutors are announcing the arrests of two new york women who were allegedly planning to build a bomb and detonate it here in the united states. women with alleged ties to al qaeda. those breaking stories next. big day? ah, the usual. moved some new cars. hauled a bunch of steel. kept the supermarket shelves stocked.
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qaeda appears firmly anchored right here in the united states. just hours ago, law enforcement putting two new york women in shackles. the feds allege that the brooklynites were plotting to build a bomb and detonate it here in the united states. the criminal complaint says one of these women had close ties to al qaeda in the arabian peninsula, aqap which is in yemen and still ranks atop the u.s. list terror groups with deadly aspirations to hit here at home and for good reason. today, a u.s. counter terrorism official tells cnn that the situation in yemen is dire and now federal officials say one of al qaeda's top operatives the guy planning on how to export terror from yemen to the united states well it turns out he's an american citizen. i want to get right to cnn justice reporter evan perez. evan who is this american al qaeda member how high up the terrorist food chain was he how
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long have u.s. officials been trying to get him? >> reporter: well he's 29 years old, he was born in texas, but apparently grew up in jordan and in 2007 he was studying at the university of manitoba when he and a couple others decided to go to pakistan to try to fight and kill american troops over in afghanistan. what appears to have happened is that they instead became involved in training and helping provide logistical support for the training -- attracting more western recruits for al qaeda. they got on the fbi's radar after 2009 when the fbi busted a plot to commit suicide bombings on the new york city subways. zazi was arrested and apparently has been cooperating with the fbi since then. he is awaiting sentencing. what we now know is that this man was believed by at least
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some in the u.s. intelligence agencies to be really high up in al qaeda, helping recruitment and perhaps even providing training of some of these recruits. there was some diversion, difference of opinion with some other parts of the u.s. government. some people wanted to put him on a kill list for u.s. drones. in the end they did not do that but now he was captured in pakistan in the last few weeks and turned over to the fbi. he was brought here to brooklyn. he appeared before a judge today, did not enter a plea was just read the charges and now we expect that he's going to be talked to some more by the fbi to try to figure out exactly how much more he knows. >> evan perez, thank you so much. let's turn to that other terrorism related story in brooklyn new york. jason carroll also outside the same courthouse where the fbi and nypd have been reporting on how they arrested these two
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women in brooklyn who officials allege wanted to build bombs to kill americans. jason, you have had a look at the criminal complaint. what do we know about what these women were allegedly planning to do? >> reporter: well they are identified at noelle velentzas, 28 years old, a mother she has a young daughter in elementary school and her roommate asia siddiqui 31 years old. both of them lived in queens. they were roommates together. both of them charged with conspiring to build a weapon of mass destruction. according to the criminal complaint, the two of these two gathered together and conspired to build an ied, improvised explosive device. they went to their local home depot several times in queens and gathered and got all their material together material including multiple propane gas tanks. they also had instructions on how to transform those gas tanks into explosive devices. apparently one of the suspects
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became obsessed with pressure cooker bombs after the boston bombing, was looking into research into that as well. both of them studying chemistry to try to carry out their plot. one of the questions seems to be who exactly they were going to target. according to this criminal complaint, regular people in other words, civilians was not something one of the suspects wanted to do. the reason why i say that is because at one point they were considering targeting the funeral of officer rafael ramos, the officer who was sitting in his car and was shot and killed. thousands of officers showing up for that funeral and apparently there was some sort of discussion about why not target that. one of the suspects said how many regular people would be standing next to the officers not wanting to do that. we will try to get some more information as their first court appearance gets under way just a few minutes from now right here at federal court. >> jason carroll, thank you. let's bring in cnn counter
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terrorism analyst phil mudd. let's start with the arrest of the alleged al qaeda commander responsible for allegedly plotting attacks here on american soil. mohammad al faraq, went from the university of manitoba to pakistan ended up trying to train people to attack u.s. troops. you remember this guy? >> this is from 2007. i was on detail from the cia and the fbi. we had three guys as your reporter mentioned going over to pakistan. if i were at the agency or the bureau today, this is news for celebration. pretty simple reason why. if you look at a case like this i think most americans would say the significance of this case is that this guy, an american is going to come back home and conduct an attack. instead you should look at him as a force multiplier. what we called at the business at the cia a facilitator. he's not going to burn himself by coming back. he's going to serve as the conduit or known in pakistan who understands the west how you
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travel how you stay out of the clutches of law enforcement and he also understands al qaeda in pakistan. those people are really hard to come by. so this is a great catch not because he was a potential bomber but because he could have trained tens of bombers. >> let me ask you about these two women arrested in new york city. the most recent case just the most recent one, people wanting to commit terror or join terror groups. people here in the united states, 30 such cases in the past 18 months. how many more do intelligence officials think are likely out there? >> if i were sitting at the table at the bureau i'm guessing you're looking at dozens of people like this maybe a few more. remember we have had 100 plus go over just to join isis. i'm not talking about somalia or nigeria or pakistan. the interesting contrast between the first case that fellow from pakistan the american citizen sent back to new york that's a quality problem. a high quality terrorist, very difficult to get. the problem in this case that
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you're seeing in new york this is a quantity problem. if you look at the criminal complaint, and i have these people should be charged for criminal stupidity. they were contacting people and doing things that any terrorist worth his salt would never do. but when you are facing dozens or hundreds of people like this you've got to depend on a hundred or 200 of them all to be stupid. that quantity problem is something that eventually will explode in our faces. you can't deal with that many cases at once and expect that you will catch every single one of them even if they are stupid. >> does this tell us anything about al qaeda, the actual threat that al qaeda poses to the united states right now? is it mainly through these apparently self-radicalized individuals in the united states reaching out through social media and the internet? >> i think it tells us more about what i would call al qaedaism. that is the movement al qaeda rather than the actual group al qaeda which has been damaged. these folks have probably never met an al qaeda person. they have very limited contact with al qaeda. 15 years ago we would have
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worried about somebody like this going to train in pakistan. today, more and more of them are saying hey, that's really difficult to do it's hard to get over there, law enforcement's gotten better. why do we bother to do that. why not stay out of the law enforcement net by avoiding communications by avoiding travel and staying home. tougher to catch these people even if they are as incompetent as these two women are. >> phil mudd thank you so much. coming up the gunmen reportedly separated the muslims from the christians and then proceeded to slaughter the christians. more than 100 now confirmed dead in a horrific terrorist attack on a university. that's next. plus brand new information on the germanwings co-pilot's online searches in the days before the crash. one official is saying his actions account -- amount to premeditated murder. so,as my personal financial psychic, i'm sure you know what this meeting is about. yes, a raise. i'm letting you go. i knew that. you see, this is my amerivest managed... balances. no. portfolio. and if doesn't perform
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welcome back to "the lead." the world lead more terror around the globe. at least 147 people most of them students have been killed in kenya by terrorists linked to al qaeda. students al garissa university
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were forced to run through a wall of gunfire as terrorists from the group al shabab rushed their campus. right now, kenyan forces say everyone who had been held hostage by the terrorists from al shabab has been evacuated. al shabab of course is the group linked to al qaeda, also responsible for the vicious slaughter at the west gate mall and the group has threatened to bring the same kind of terror felt in kenya today to the mall of america here in the united states. let's go now to cnn's barbara starr live at the pentagon. barbara, lay out how this horrific attack went down. >> reporter: it started at morning prayers and tonight as it concludes, kenyan authorities are saying that at least four gunmen have been killed and more than 500 students now fully accounted for, still raising concerns about this al qaeda group and what they may be up to next. it is a blood bath at a college
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in kenya. 147 people killed and dozens injured when heavily armed gunmen from al shabab an islamist militant group, stormed garissa university in southern kenya. an eyewitness reported the attackers burst into early morning christian prayers and then began separating muslim and christian students killing the christians. not a surprise that terrorists went after a large student population. nearly impossible to fully protect. >> kenya is such an important target for al shabab because kenya has been the primary driving force behind operations against al shabab in the region. they are the biggest, biggest enemy for al shabab. >> reporter: kenyan troops have taken the lead in attempting to push al shabab out of its traditional strongholds in somalia. kenya's president trying to reassure his country, calling up more police recruits. >> i also take this opportunity
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to urge kenyans to stay calm as we resolve this matter. >> reporter: the siege ongoing for hours as kenyan security forces fired back and rescue forces tried to move in. the u.s. has targeted several top al shabab leaders. finally killing ahmed ghadani, the leader after several failed attempts. he was allegedly behind 2013's deadly four day siege of the west gate shopping mall in nairobi which killed at least 67 people. something u.s. officials fear could happen here. in february an al shabab video threatened to attack the mall of america and other u.s. targets. >> if anyone is planning to go to the mall of america today, they have to be particularly careful. >> reporter: thankfully since
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that february comment, of course no attack at the mall of america or any other u.s. mall. al shabab however, a continuing concern. their other strength may be their ability to recruit somali americans to their cause, to fight in somalia or inspire them to conduct lone wolf attacks. jake? >> barbara starr, thank you so much. more world news. a huge break in the germanwings crash investigation in the french alps. the second black box holding critical information on the flight's final minutes has been found and we are also learning the co-pilot had seen at least five different doctors in the weeks before the crash. all that plus the searches he was doing online coming up next.
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welcome back to "the lead."
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i'm jake tapper. in more world news there were some dramatic developments today in the investigation into the crash of germanwings flight 9525 that killed 150 people. investigators have found now the plane's second black box containing the charred flight data recorder. let's take a look at this photo of the damage. a french prosecutor described it as quote, blackened and burned but despite that investigators are hopeful it will still provide critical information about the actions of co-pilot andreas lubitz in the final moments of the flight. lubitz is believed to have deliberately crashed the airplane into a mountain in the french alps. sources tell cnn it's becoming more clear that his actions were not spontaneous but an act of premeditated murder mass murder. let's go live to cnn's pamela brown in dusseldorf germany. pamela you learned some disturbing new information today. >> reporter: that's right, jake. the german prosecutor today saying that andreas lubitz made some alarming internet searches
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in the week before the plane crash, even the day before the plane crash, showing just how premeditated his actions were. tonight, evidence reveals andreas lubitz allegedly searched the internet for ways to commit suicide in the week leading up to the crash. the prosecutor in dusseldorf germany says a tablet recovered from lubitz's apartment also shows a recent search about cockpit doors and their security measures. a european official tells cnn the new evidence shows lubitz's actions were premeditated. a french prosecutor today said lubitz voluntarily brought the plane down. >> to prevent the overspeed alarm he would have had to have acted twice in the final minutes of the flight not only the loss of altitude but also adjusting the speed of the plane, so he was alive and conscious up until the moment of impact we are almost certain. >> reporter: investigators today finally recovered the charred flight data recorder.
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it was found buried in the ground. the data will include information about whether the plane was on autopilot or whether lubitz manned the controls all the way down. >> translator: the speed of the plane, the altitude the power of the engine these elements are absolutely vital in order to ascertain the truth. >> reporter: a law enforcement source says after a severe depressive episode in 2009 lubitz relapsed in late 2014 just before the crash lubitz was shopping around for doctors, seeing at least five including a sleep specialist eye doctor and neuropsychologist. lubitz apparently told some doctors he was fearful of losing his pilot license because of his medical issues. investigators say that remains a leading motive for the deadly crash. investigators have not yet reached a conclusion. they want to see what they can retrieve from the flight data recorder. but it's interesting to note i learned today from a source that the pilot who flew with lubitz the day before told
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investigators that everything seemed normal that they had ordinary conversation and he was shocked by what happened. jake? >> pamela brown, thank you. let's bring in our panel of experts to talk about these new developments today. dr. gale saltz, psychiatrist and social professor of psychiatry in new york city at new york city presbyterian hospital. john golia, an aviation expert and former member of the national transportation safety board. thanks to you both for being here. doctor let me start with you. if the co-pilot was exhibiting signs of extreme depression and he told doctors that he feared it could impact his work why would doctors trust him to self-report that to the airline? >> i think what you're getting at is this gray area. right now, as it stands doctors are bound by confidentiality and it is really it violates hipaa for them to say anything unless it fits in the category of duty
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to warn which says basically he would have had to say i'm really depressed, i'm so depressed i'm thinking about bringing down a plane. he would have had to say something that really made you think he was a threat to himself and/or someone else directly. and it is a gray zone and certainly in hindsight, if he thought he was saying i'm so depressed, i think i'm not, you know i'm really not fit to fly, you deem him not fit to fly and there was anything that made you think he wasn't going to report it you should report it. >> obviously that's here in the united states. i assume you are referring to the european equivalent. >> similar equivalent. bound by confidentiality. >> if psych evaluations were mandatory for pilots do you think pilots would be less likely or more likely to tell the truth about depression or any other issue? >> well human nature says that you won't disclose. what you really need to do is have professionals that can recognize the signs and ask the
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right kinds of questions that could ferret out the signals that somebody is in distress like that. it can be done but it can't be done by the chief pilot. it has to be done by a professional like the doctor who has experience in identifying these kinds of issues. >> exactly. doctor i do want to bring up the fact that we don't want to stigmatize people with depression or with other mental illness. saying somebody is -- has severe depression does not mean that person is suicidal or certainly homicidal. >> right. >> when we hear that he suffered from severe depression this pilot, he must have also suffered from something else, right? >> completely. >> okay. >> in fact even though it may be that he suffered from depression, let's remember that sociopaths and bad and evil people essentially can also suffer from depression. so that may be true true and unrelated in the sense that he may have been ready to take his
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own life and he wanted infamy and he was angry and he was disenfranchised, and he was charismatic enough to pull off, you know appearing normal let's say, which is not unusual for people who do commit mass murders. >> but is severe depression in and of itself enough? >> i'm saying no i don't think so. no. of all suicides that are committed, only 2.5% of them the person takes out someone else with them. it's usually in the vast majority of cases one person the person they are angry with like their ex or their boss. a mass murder like this is not genuinely -- generally committed by somebody who is depressed. i think this is something else going on. yes, he was also depressed and yes, it's too bad that we don't have psychiatrists doing biannual exams so they could pick up something and perhaps prevent some of this from going on. >> john what if anything can airlines change in the wake of all this to try to identify
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pilots dealing with any issues so as to prevent further tragedies? >> i think the onus is not on the airline. it's now going to be on the government to find a way around the laws the privacy laws so that we can have some indication of what's going on. it seems that in this case this pilot was seeing a number of doctors and if that information had gotten to the airline, they probably would have taken him off the schedule. so there's a number of issues here that revolve around the privacy issues that we have. so we need to find a way to make these not so obscure that you can't see them. maybe it's not going to the airline. maybe the faa through their office of medical folks needs to step up to the plate and they need to be the neutral party in this to get the information and make some determinations that
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somebody needs to be looked at a little more closely. >> thank you both so much for joining us. appreciate it. coming up he's charged with corruption for trading favors for gifts including claims he helped his wealthy friends secure visas for his young girlfriends. senator bob menendez democrat of new jersey just got out of court. how is he defending himself today? that's next. plus he's a friend to kids who have trouble making friends. this robot connecting and helping children with autism. it's an incredible story. ♪ ♪ the pursuit of healthier. it begins from the second we're born. after all, healthier doesn't happen all by itself. it needs to be earned... every day... from the smallest detail to the boldest leap. healthier means using wellness to keep away illness... knowing a prescription is way more than the pills... and believing that a single life can be made better by millions of others.
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welcome back to "the lead." i'm jake tapper. our politics lead today, a top senate democrat fighting for his political life. new jersey senator robert menendez pleaded not guilty to 14 counts of corruption including bribery earlier today. federal prosecutors accuse the senior senator of accepting more than $1 million in gifts and campaign contributions from a long time friend in exchange they allege for political favors. among those favors helping his friend's foreign girlfriends obtain travel visas to the
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united states. let's bring in cnn's athena jones live in washington with the latest. menendez we should point out denies the charges, says he will be vindicated but this 68-page indictment is filled with a lot of rather juicy allegations. >> reporter: that's right. this lengthy indictment makes for very interesting reading. 14 counts including eight counts of bribery. we are talking about flights, some 20 flights on private jets, $5,000 three-night stay in a paris hotel and the use of his friend's private villa in a resort in the dominican republic. some big gifts but also money, a lot of money. $750,000 in campaign contributions in 2012 another $600,000 in contributions to a political action committee that only benefited senator menendez also in 2012. a lot of money was changing hands and in exchange menendez
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intervened in a dispute over millions of dollars in medicare payments to the doctor. he also tried to pressure the state department to convince the dominican republic to honor a multi million dollar port contract that dr. melgin had with that country. part of his defense is that he and dr. melgin are long-time friends, this is all on the up and up. it's interesting that my colleague, evan perez, who was in the court today, said that when menendez walked into the courtroom, the doctor who was also indicted gave him a big broad smile. it took the senator a few minutes to acknowledge his good friend but eventually he did smile at him and the two did have a little bit of chit-chat. interesting. >> athena jones, thanks. we should reiterate and underline senator menendez denies the charges vociferously and says he will fight them til the end. it's one of the biggest challenges for autistic children connecting socially with others. that's where milo comes in a
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financial noise welcome back to "the lead." the money lead. just a few minutes ago, arkansas governor asa hutchinson put his signature on a religious freedom bill, one that more closely mirrors federal law in contrast to the law in indiana that has ignited a world of controversy and put a family-owned pizza parlor in small town indiana in the middle of this national debate over the controversial religious freedom bill. memories pizza in walkerton had to shut down after the owners came forward and gave a tv interview supporting the bill
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that some say could allow legal discrimination against gays and lesbians in indiana in the name of religious liberty. >> if a gay couple was to come in like say we wanted -- they wanted us to provide them pizzas for a wedding, we would have to say no. >> after that interview aired, the social media backlash against the pizza parlor was intense but so was support. a go fund me page for memories pizza has raised more than $240,000. in indiana, today lawmakers approved major changes to that controversial religious freedom bill ones that are said to protect members of the lgbt community from discrimination. for a moment this felt like a story that would give mcdonald's employees you know that feeling you get when you find a few extra french fries at the bottom of your takeout bag. but when you dig a little deeper it may not be that after all.
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yesterday, mcdonald's announced that it was raising the minimum wage for its employees to as high as $10 an hour by next year but it turns out only about 90,000 of the 750,000 mcdonald's workers nationwide will get that raise, since a huge majority of mcdonald's restaurants, 90% of them are operated by franchises who will make their own pay decisions. the buried lead now. you may be noticing a lot of blue on your social media feeds today. that's because people are lighting it up blue to raise awareness for world autism awareness day. the centers for disease control now says that one in 68 american children is on the autism spectrum but now a technological breakthrough breakthrough being the key word. it's connecting with autistic children in ways in which adults have never been able. cnn's tom foreman has this incredible story. >> i can dance. >> reporter: meet milo partially plastic, two feet tall
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and rising giant in the autism community. >> you do it, too. >> good dancing. >> reporter: this robot, programmed to teach kids about a wide range of social interactions is proving more successful than humans in helping children with autism, by a long shot. pamela rawlines who studied communications disorders for years, is working with robokind to develop milo. >> all children with autism have problems with social interactions but they are really, really good at technology. so milo creates that bridge where he is humanoid has a human-like face but it's cartoonish so children on the spectrum are engaged with him. >> reporter: how engaged? children with autism often have a hard time talking with or even looking at human therapists like this boy. but look at how he lights up with milo.
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>> we found that especially with the fluent children they were engaged with milo 87% of the time. we also looked at how much they are engaged with the therapist when she tried to talk to them. it was about 3%. >> that was fun. >> reporter: the robot speaks 20% slower than an average human and has a broad but still limited range of facial expressions so he's less likely to display emotions that get in the way of learning. >> he's not judgmental. he doesn't say anything bad about you. he just interacts with you. >> exactly. he can repeat it over and over and over and never get frustrated say it in exactly the same way, take his time. >> reporter: that's what autistic kids need. >> they need a lot of repetition. >> reporter: they also need a lot of milos. the cdc says one out of every 68 children born in this country has some form of autism. rawlins is convinced a great
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many could benefit from a friend like this. is this how robots will take over the world? >> um-hum. >> reporter: and it's good. >> it's good for autism. >> reporter: tom foreman cnn, washington. that's it for "the lead." i'm jake tapper. turning you over to wolf blitzer in "the situation room." happening now, nuclear deal. the u.s. and other world powers agree on a blueprint agreement to keep iran from building nuclear weapons. president obama says if the deal is carried out, the world will be safer. but what if iran cheats? university attack. terrorists strike before dawn targeting christian students in the slaughter that takes nearly 150 lives. u.s. bomb plot. two new york women, they're accused now of an isis inspired plot to build a weapon of mass destruction. even as another american citizen with alleged al qaeda ties is charged with conspiring to aid a terror group.