tv Fareed Zakaria GPS CNN October 11, 2015 10:00am-11:01am PDT
presidential debate hosted by cnn. i'm dana bash in washington, fareed zakaria gps starts right now. this is gps, the goebel public square. welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world. i'm fareed zakaria. it's been a busy week in world affair, and we will put it all in perspective. syria, what exactly is putin's endgame? israel, what is behind the recent uptick in violence there? will it get worse? refugees, how many should the united states take in? all that with an all-star panel. ♪ also, a nuclear deal with iran. normal i'd relations with cuba,
big accomplishments, but was a deal reached this week even more important? i will talk to the united states trade representative michael frohman about negotiating the transpacific partnership. and another work week is about to begin. how would you like to work just six hours a day, get paid full salary and not get fired for it? we'll show you how. but first, here's my take. recent setbacks in afghanistan from the fall of kunduz to the errant u.s. bombing of a hospital in that city once again raise a question -- why after 14 years of american military efforts is afghanistan still so fragile? after all, the country has a democratically elected government widely viewed as legitimate. poll after poll suggests the taliban are unpopular. the afghan army fights fiercely and loyally, and yet the taliban always come back. the answer to this puzzle can be
found in a profile of the taliban's new lead er mohammed mansour. the report says he lives in quetta, sometimes in an enclave where he and other tolley ban leaders have built homes. his predecessor mullah omar died a while ago in karachi. and osama bin laden lived for many years in a compound in abbottabad. we cannot solve the problem of afghanistan without recognizing that the insurgency against that government has been credibly accused of being shaped, aided and armed from across the border by one of the world's most powerful armies, the pakistani army. periodically someone inside or outside the u.s. government points this out. yet no one knows quite what to do, so it's swept under the carpet and policy stays the same. but this is not an incidental
issue. it's fundamental. and unless it is confronted, the taliban will never be defeated. it's an old adage that no counterinsurgency has ever succeeded when the rebels have a safe haven. well n this case many experts believe the insurgents, the rebels have a nuclear-armed sponsor. pakistan has mastered the art of pretending to help the united states while actually supporting its most deadly foes. take for example the many efforts american officials have recently made to start talks with the taliban. it turns out they were talking to ghosts, mullah omar had been dead for two years. all the while pakistani officials have been facilitating contacts and talks with him. this is part of a pattern. pakistani officials from former president pervez musharraf down categorically denied that osama bin laden or mullah omar were living in pakistan despite the
fact that hamid karzai repeatedly pointed this out publicly. the pakistani army has been described as the godfather of the taliban. that might actually understate its influence. pakistan was the base for the american-supported mujahadin as it battled the soviet union in the '80s. after the soviet union retreated from afghanistan in 1989 the u.s. withdrew almost as quickly and pakistan entered that void. it pushed forward the taliban, a group of young pashtun jihadis schooled in radical islam. now history is repeating itself. as the united states draws down, pakistan against seeks to expand its influence through its longstanding proxy. so what should america do? first, says husain haqqani, pakistan's former ambassador to the united states and the author of "magnificent delusions," the u.s. needs to see reality for what it is.
quote, when you are lied to and you don't respond, you are encouraging more lies, unquote. he argues that washington has to get much tougher with the pakistani military and make clear that its double dealing must stop. to do this would be good for afghanistan and stability in that part of the world but it would also be good for pakistan. pakistan is a timebomb waiting to explode. it ranks 43rd because of its economy but has one of world's largest armies the fastest growing nuke har arsenal in the world and the most opaque. it maintains close ties with some of the world's most brutal terrorists. its military consumes 26% of all tax receipts, by some estimates while the country has 5.5 million children who don't attend school. the world's second highest number. as long as this military and its mind-set are unchecked and unreformed, the united states will face a strategic collapse
as it withdraws its forces from the region. for more, go to cnn.com/fa read and read my "washington post" column this week. and let's get started. ♪ let's get straight to the rest of this week's developments in syria, russia, israel, the mediterranean and elsewhere with a really terrific panel. ian bremer is the president of the globe of global risk cop summity, a columnist for foreign policy, brett stevens is a foreign affairs columnist of "the wall street journal," of course, and peter barnard is contributing editor at the atlantic and many other titles but we've got to move fast. you have studied putin for a long time. what do you think is going on? is this a sign of weakness or strength? is he desperately trying to shore up a failing ally or is
this an ingenious power play? >> i think it's a little bit of both. he's not a strategist, he's a tactician. he runs circles around washington but doesn't mean he has a strategy for the long run or if he does that it's a good one. you don't know what's going to come out of his being in syria, right? on the other hand, he is -- his economy is cratering. his military is still a lot weaker than the u.s. military. >> brett, you wrote a column basically saying this is kind of very smart and if only obama could be this active, but he could get bogged down. he's defending a regime that is, you know, that has 80% of the population against him. >> i agree with julia. this is not a reprise of the soviet invasion of afghanistan, hundreds of thousands of troops, thousands of lives lost. this is sort of the way trump
invests in real, a small investment of a few planes, a couple of thousand soldiers and with a potentially large payoff if it works. he shores up an ally. russia has always wanted to expand its ambit particularly in the mediterranean. he's exploring an allegiance with iran. he'll inflict serious blows against isis. >> what is the chance of this small investment will defeat isis? >> there is a chance that it will at least shore up a kind of allawis and taqiya in afghanistan. he'll a reliable patron to states. that's in his interests to show that russian power is power you can depend on. >> you're shaking your head. >> i don't think he's out there to destroy isis, neither are the americans. but we've been saying it, the russians haven't. i don't think he wants to take
casualties. that would be bad back at home. if you're a person that wants to fix syria or make it stable, you understand the only road will go through moscow. i think if you combine that with the fact that the russians now have told the paramilitaries on the ground back in ukraine back off of your elections which they've done and they've kept their suddenly the cease-fire's actually working, the russians see they can cleave the europeans off from the americans. that's a strategy, that's not a tactic. >> you think that the syria maneuver is to get the europeans grateful to the russians and back off of sanctions to russian and the sanctions expire in december. >> i don't thing the europeans are with the americans they're moving farther away every day. i don't think this is a bad move for putin. >> one thing this will do is increase terrorism against russia, right? you've got to put yourself on the opposite of the entire city
world. and people have have access to russia through chechnya. there may be some benefits, but seems to me you'll end up with a lot more terrorism in russia itself. >> all the muslims in russia are st sunnis. putin is aligning himself with an exclusively shia coalition. and he's doing it in part to export a lot of the terrorism to the middle east. but it's inevitably going to blow back on him. the other thing he's doing is moving into areas the u.s. has traditionally dominated. so just this week, representative of the russian defense ministry came out and said, look at afghanistan, it's a total mess. this is really concerning to russia. america's messing it up badly. so moving into iraq, syria, afghanistan, moving into traditionally or like what has been for the last decade or so america's playground. >> if you think of the way putin has sustained himself in power.
the k dprks b agent becomes the leningrad techno accurate and becomes the reformist president in the early year, then becomes the patron of the ole garks, he's like a frog that jumps from lily pad to lily pad as he feels one sinking under his weight he jumps to the next thing. this is how he sustains his power. it also helped shore up his domestic problem which is in a syncing economy, what do dictators do, distract the people. >> russian economy and sanction, why has the price of oil having sanctions, why is it not produced more of either a sense of restraint on putin's part or some opposition? >> it has produced, of course, a sinking of the economy. it's going to contract by 4, 4 1/2%. but central bank has worked hard. they have stabilized the ruble. if you look over the grand tenor of putin as prime minister and president again, per capita income in russia has actually gone up a hell of a lot. they're effectively blaming the
united states for the sanctions and his popularity, which there is no local opposition. you get hurt a lot if you're an opposition in russia. and 90% of the russians get their news from television which is completely controlled by the russian state. rt's pretty effective, voice of america isn't what it used to be. at the end of the day, that machine together with the fact that putin is able to show victories geopolitically, beast the breast a couple of times, that's working pretty well. he scored seven goals, by the way, this week for the 63rd day in hockey. they love showing that. >> do you think obama should do anything to counter putin? >> if you want to get into a quagmire in syria, be my guest. i wish we'd said the same thing to the saudis in yemen and not gotten involved in that. just because a country has more troops and planes flying over another country does not mean that it's stronger. hard to see even if it helps putin domestically, very hard to
see how it ends well. obama's point of view is go ahead. >> we are going to come back and we're going to talk about the violence in israel. we'll also talk about the trade pact, all when we come back. we were in a german dance group. i wore lederhosen. so i just started poking around on ancestry. then, i decided to have my dna tested through ancestry dna. it turns out i'm scottish. so, i traded in my lederhosen for a kilt. it's more than tit's security - and flexibility. it's where great ideas and vital data are stored. with centurylink you get advanced technology solutions from a trusted it partner. including cloud and hosting services - all backed by an industry leading broadband network and people committed to helping you grow your business.
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or yellowing of skin or eyes. these could be signs of serious side effects. i'm down with crestor! make your move. ask your doctor about crestor. and we are back with even bremmer, julia and bret stephens and peter beinart. the fact that russia is bombing syria, the fact that saudi arabia is bombing yemen does not mean these countries' power position is improving. in fact, it might be the opposite. you obviously disagree. >> in syria we have a
metastasizing cancer. we saw that with the growth of isis, the chaos with syria and now the horrific refugee crisis. the united states does have an interest. it has a humanitarian interest, but we also have a geo political interest. we created no-fly zones over northern iraq. he saved a lot of kurds by doing that but we helped create the kurdish autonomous region which you and i probably agree is the single biggest american achievement in the muslim world in the last 25 years. >> but when we think about syria, which is more messy because you're talking about any u.s. involvement would have to be aimed at essentially dislodging assad from power. okay. we dislodged saddam hussein from power. we thought we had good guys who would pick up. total chaos, civil war, ten years, 400,000 people dead. we did it in libya, we dislodged gadhafi, we thought it would work out. we had total chaos. we did it in yemen.
total chaos. it feels like we know how this movie will end. if assad is dislodged from damascus. what do you think will happen? total chaos. >> you don't say, okay, we have overcommitted in the past, but the answer to that is not complete -- >> but the same tribes. >> first of all, syria is many countries. just because we can't solve the riddle of syria doesn't mean we can't do a lot more places like the kurdish areas of syria to help sustain some kind of opposition, something in that country that is decent and isn't a source of instability. >> quickly. >> i would just say the problem with syria is not obama's policy, it's the fact of what obama's been saying consistently doesn't bear any reflection of that policy and putin has put the lie to that very effectively in the last week. >> israel. what is going on with this rise of terrorism? what do you think -- does it represent something bigger? >> yeah. i think what it represents is that both eye among israelis and palestinians, israeli jews and
palestinians, the forces that genuinely want a two-state solution. one near the 1967 lines have been weakening, weakening over time. what you're seeing is a growth on both sides, most of the people benjamin netanyahu's government really essentially want israel to have permanent control over most of the west bank. and among palestinians the growing forces either one state or one islamic state. the two-state vision that i happen to believe in very, very deeply, is growing weaker and weaker on both sides. >> i'm guessing you disagree. >> well, look, i also want two states and i want a decent palestinian state that can provide for its people in some genuine way not simply be a thorn in the side of its neighbors. the problem here is the failure of leadership by mahmoud abbas by abu mazen. he's trying as far as i know to tamp down violence. on the other hand, he stokes it and he contributes to it
politically by going to the u.n. and declaring that the oslo accords are null and void. you need to generate a palestinian leadership that wants a two-state solution, wants a palestinian state but is actually committed to that in some serious way and isn't talking out of both sides of his mouth. >> we have to move on. as a refugee, you wrote a very moving piece about why the united states should take many more refugees in. maybe not 200,000, which is what donald trump feels. you feel we should take more than we're taking. >> absolutely. i think america does quite an excellent job of taking in immigrants, refugees, absorbing them, making them into americans. i'm a case in point. the thing -- the point that i was trying to make in that piece is the idea of a refugee is actually a pretty politically subjective idea. i was a refugee because i was jewish from the soviet union, but mostly not because, you know, there was war where we were living in moscow or we were in imminent danger but because
there was political will in washington american jews lobbying congress for years. >> other people with problems are not called refugee. >> we were on a plane and in ten years get to washington, d.c. we didn't have to pay smugglers, make a dangerous sea crossing. these are things that can be solved politically. >> we didn't get a chance to talk about tpp, but you're the geoeconomics guy. what do you think of the transpacific pact? >> well, it's 40% of the world economy. it's deeper integration, a real pivot to asia. by far the part of the world we need to engage with the most. and china, which opposed it when it was first announced, now the leadership is saying these are important standards over time we need to align. they used to talk about the world trade organization. this will go down as the single-most important successful foreign policy legacy of the entire obama administration. the fact that hillary clinton has decided, as the former architect, that she's now
opposed to it is astonishing to me. >> you heard it here, ian bremmer says the transpacific partnership is the most important foreign policy success of this administration. hillary clinton says it's no good. next on gps, we'll sort it out with the architect of that deal, u.s. trade representative michael froman. ness, legalzoom has your back. over the last 10 years we've helped one million business owners get started. visit legalzoom today for the legal help you need to start and run your business. legalzoom. legal help is here. the way i see it, you have two choices; the easy way or the hard way. you could choose a card that limits where you earn bonus cash back. or, you could make things easier on yourself.
some say it is a cornerstone foreign policy accomplishment for the obama administration. but the president's former secretary of state came out against it this week. i'm not talking about the iran nuclear deal but about something called the transpacific partnership. it is a massive trade deal negotiated by the united states with 11 different nations comprising 40% of the global economy. so why is mrs. clinton now against something that, according to cnn's count, she has pushed 45 times in the past publicly? and if it's such a great deal, why is the administration being secretive about the details? we'll get to all of that with my next guest, the man who oversaw the deal, the united states trade representative michael froman. mike, nice to have you on. >> good to be here.
>> first, 11 nations, this took six years. it's quite an accomplishment. i've got to ask you what is the key to getting a deal of this magnitude? what did you learn about negotiating? >> well, i think it took a lot of persistence by all 12 countries working together to reach an agreement that's going to create jobs and increase wages and promote growth across the whole region. >> it was six years in the making. during a good bit of that time the secretary of state you were dealing with was hillary clinton. publicly she supported it, as we point out, 45 times. was she very supportive privately as well? >> i won't comment on presidential politics just to say that we're all focused on making sure that through this agreement we can level the playing field and open markets for our exports. >> but you must have been surprised by her opposition? >> well, again, i think the key thing is to focus on having the deal on the table, having people
have a chance to read it, to get into the details, so they can make a judgment about it. we're convinced it's a very high standard deal. it opens markets around the world, eliminates 18,000 taxes on u.s. exports. it raises labor, environmental standards around the world. it establishes new disciplines on new challenges in the global economy all of which reflect american interests and american values. so i'm convinced as the people sit down and take the time to go through it in detail that they'll come to a positive judgment. >> so if this is such a good deal, why is it all secret? >> well, you know, it's not all secret. we put out a lot of information about it along the way. we're looking forward to getting the text released as soon as possible. the lawyers are working right now to finalize the text and to prepare it for release. we hope to get it out within the next 30 days. but throughout it's an international negotiation. you've got to have some ability to negotiate the other parties to get the best possible outcome for american interests and
that's what we've done. >> what do you say to people like bernie sanders and donald trump who say the result of these kind of agreements is american jobs get shipped overseas? >> well, we've got 95% of all the world's consumers living outside the united states. and some of these are the fastest growing and largest economies in the world. asia, the asia pacific region will have 3 billion middle class consumers in the next 15 years. for us to be successful, for us to keep businesses here to manufacture, to grow things here and ship them abroad, we need access to those markets. that's how we're going to grow good paying jobs here in the united states. we know export related jobs pay up to 18% on average than nonexport related jobs. if we can tear down these barrier, level the playing field, increase our exports we'll need the more good paying jobs here in the united states. >> the overarching ideas is this pivot to asia, to focus on asia to make sure that china does not, as the president has said,
write the new rules of international trade and commerce. so there's a very strong foreign policy component to this and the pivot to asia was, of course, something strongly supported by hillary clinton when she was secretary of state. do you hope that a president clinton would follow through on a policy that she was very much part of creating? >> well, i think this is a key part of the rebalancing towards asia strategy. it's one of the most concrete manifestations of that policy. and it underscores that the united states is a pacific power, that we're going to be involved in the region and that our partners in the region weech want us to be emembedded with them, economically and strat teejically. the logic of that will continue to hold going forward. >> could china see this as a kind of containment strategy the united states is ganging up with all its allies and trying in some way to shut china out? >> tpp's not directed against any country including china.
it is directed at establishing high standards for the region, rules of the road that reflect our interests and our values. it's meant to encourage other countries to raise their game as well. we already have countries who have contacted us who want to be considered for the next tranche of tpp partners and we expect that more countries will join over time if they are able and willing to meet the high standards of the agreement. >> michael froman, the man who negotiated the tpp. thank you. >> thanks for having me. are you interested in hillary clinton's thoughts on trade and this apparent flip-flop? make sure to tune in to the first democratic debate right here on cnn. that's tuesday night at 8:30 p.m. next on gps, i'm going to show you how you can work 30 hours a week and actually be more productive. really. when we come back. your retirement goals is to visualize them. then, let the principal help you get there. join us as we celebrate eddie's retirement,
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now for a what in the world segment. this week's sweden took center stage as this year's nobel prize winners were announced, but there's another reason why the swedes have been in the news lately. the country that brought us volvos, baby bjorns and ikea is pioneering a bold concept in the working world -- the six-hour work day. businesses all over sweden are forgoing 9:00 to 5 shifts for a 9:00 to 3:00 day or some variation to improve their employees' quality of life and productive. can working less give businesses a competitive advantage? consider a study cited by the atlantic that found that those working 40 hours or less per week outperform those who work
more than 55 hours per week on certain tasks. in another study, a stanford economist concluded that the number of hours somebody works isn't directly proportional to his output. that above 48 works hours productivity actually goes down. tony schwartz has explained in the business harvard review that people work better in short bursts rather than long grinds. and in sweden, companies have been raving about the six-hour work day. the shorter days give employees more energy and they work better as a team with fewer disagreements. another web outfit says it has a competitive advantage over other companies with its shorter shifts as the guardian reported since it can attract and retain great workers with such a great perk. in the united states, web companies like relevance and treehouse have reported stellar employee retention rates after
implementing a four-day work week and google's larry page has also support that idea, the atlantic points out. yet despite these arguments for shorter work days, americans seem to be spending a lot of time at the office. a 2014 gallup survey found that american adults working full-time put in an average of 47 hours per week, nearly a full business day more than the typical 40-hour work week. almost one in five americans worked 60 hours per week or more. u.s. workers log more hours on average than many other counties in 2014 according to the oecd including the united kingdom, germany and jan opinionp it's worth remembering that henry ford cut back his employees' hours as part of his revolutionary approach the making his workers happier and more productive. he had his doubters at the time, but his competitors soon imitated his success and the rest is history.
it's time to revolutionize the american workplace once again and move away from that now outdated 9:00 to 5:00 factory model of work. as a progressive website has pointed out today's white collar knowledge workers have about six hours of productive work in them each day, not eight. technology has disrupted the workplace to a certain extent already, but there's a lot more innovation that can be done like shifting around working hours and encouraging input from employees on how to get the job done. throughout the 20th century america became the most vibrant productive nation of workers on work. it's time we invented more productive ways of working in the 21st century and more pleasant ones as well. up next, did some european leaders ignore the refugee crisis until it became politically expedient to pay attention and look like heroes? incredibly that's one what european leader, italy's prime
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last week i brought you part of a fascinating discussion i recently at the clinton global initiative with president bill clinton italian prime minister matteo renzi and george soros. this time they're talking about the future of europe. mr. soros talked about the deep divisions the euro crisis ha created. >> i'm a great believer in the european union regarded as an embodiment of the open society. unfortunately, it was actually -- it's my generation and i'm still around.
it is unfortunately been converted from a voluntary association of free and equal nations devoted to principles of democracy, human rights and so on who are willing to sacrifice part of their sovereignty for the common good. into something radically different because of the euro crisis. it became a relationship between creditors and debtors where the debtors had difficulty meeting their obligations and the creditors were in the driver's seat and they set the conditions that the debtors have to meet, and that created this tension between creditor and debtor which is, by its nature,
unequal. >> so given that unequal nature and given the many crises europe faces today, how does it get back on its feet? here's italy's prime minister matteo renzi. >> but the question is where is the strategy of europe for the future. and i think -- this is my point of view. in the last month we discover -- and for me it's a first experience for me, so i'm not able to understand if this is correct, but i'm really surprised to the lack of coord nance approach, between leaders and, for example, refunlys. we discussed a lot about refugees and the people told us in the european council in june, ah, this is a problem of italy. i remember some colleagues, some colleagues, prime minister, who told me, this is your business.
after the crisis, after the picture in the newspaper, the same leaders who told us in june, this is your problem, rise interview incredible, i open my door, i open my house to refugees. the same leader who told me, this is your business, two months before. so it's not a joke. it's a drama. i am my grat attic adviser look at me with rep ro bags. i don't say the name, okay. so what is the problem for europe? the lack of comprehensive strategy. i know. for italy, it's important and we do, but we ask the european community and idea for the next
10 years, 20 years and the lack of vision could be the first problem more than division, the lack of vision is a problem more than the division in this moment. >> we're way over time, but i want to ask you, president clinton, since you haven't weighed in on this issue of reform. why do you think it seems to so hard to achieve reform in europe. you go to italy, you go to france, if i were living there, i wouldn't want reform. it's the greatest life in the world. these beautiful countries, amazingly rich, incredibly nice work rules, you can take long vacations, you can retire early. they've had -- they've created this paradise. now they're being told, guess what? this is all going to change. you've got to work harder, you've got retire earlier. it's tough for politicians to take stuff away when for the last 30 years they've been elected saying here's more, here's more. >> it
is. . >> it is. it's a great of how badly they want more growth. i believe if the immigration or refugee problem can be turned from a problem into an opportunity, just take the syrians, for example. they're overwhelming by liter e literate, productive, and historically secular, not super religious, particularly not in terms of political violence. the only european country that's younger than america is ireland. and the irish were growing like crazy before they got brought low by bad, you know, banking bubble because they had lots of immigrants, many from central and eastern europe. to make them even younger. having lost it, i can tell you youth matters. look, the demographics -- the demographics of a country will
bedeath fine how many new jobs you can create, how much you can allocate to consumer spending, a lot of these things. you've got the most -- they're very productive. france has high productivity growth. they have to because they have static work rules so they have to -- the germans still have a higher percentage of their gdp in manufacturing and in exports than japan. and they had it partly because the greeks and the italians and the portuguese and the spanish could borrow money at german interest rates and buy german stuff as well as their own. italy still has some of the great -- northern italy for the last 30 years ha had a higher per capita income than germany. but in order to do this and make these decisions and tradeoffs, you have to be able to have a sane conversation, and people have to be secure enough to think about it. do i think they can have higher rates of growth? i do. do i think they can grow like
china? no. because they don't want to give up and they shouldn't the level of social solidarity and economic equality that they have achieved certainly greater than we have. but they can have higher rates of growth, but they have to do it in a -- together. and so they -- it's a decision to be made. and i think what you've said is right. this whole thing should have a revision in the european idea. but it should be a revision upward, not downward, in my opinion. >> gentlemen, thank you very much. real pleasure. >> thank you. next on gps, what mickey, minnie, and mao have in common. and multi-layered security. it's how you stay connected to each other and to your customers. with centurylink you get advanced technology solutions, including an industry leading broadband network, and cloud and hosting services -
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this week california's governor jerry brown signed into law the end of life option act. it's all about quality of death. it may be a grim topic but it's something we ought to talk about more. and the economist intelligence unit recently ranked 80 countries by quality of death, analyzing factors like palliative care, affordability, care quality, and levels of community engagement. it brings me to my question -- which country ranked number one in the 2015 quality of death index? the united kingdom, taiwan, the united states, or mongolia?
stay tuned. we'll give you the correct answer. this week's book of the week is anne marie slaughter's "unfinished business." this is not just the most important book on working women they've read recently, it's the most important book about the workplace of tomorrow and how to get it right. many and women must read it. and now for "the last look." when you think of theme parks you probably think of roller coasters and ferris wheels, falls and splashes, mickey and minnie. but how about marx and lenin? well, welcome to the communist party theme park. the chinese government's latest entry into that country's bower oning $3 billion a year market. here you are cordially invited to explore the communist party's values, wander through cartoon statues of chinese olympic medalists, soldiers and astronauts, enjoy replicas of the xhooins manifesto or check out a kaleidoscope of socialist values, enjoy reading bios of communist figures and can even take an oath to become a party
member. every child's dream. right? well, the government has been criticized for spending money on this propaganda park, as the guardian reported, and for the park's lackluster ambience. perhaps they should have included flashier rides like a communist coaster, a mao mountain, or a tower of tiananmen. perhaps not that. they might have taken a page from their russian neighbors and focused more on the red army rather than red ideology. russia opened patriot park this summer, dedicated to russia's military, referred to as a military disneyland. it attracts tens of thousands of visitor who is want to spend time enjoying russia's latest military weapons. then again, it might be better for children to play with chinese manifestos than missile systems. the correct answer to the "gps" challenge question is a. the united kingdom ranks number one in the economist intelligence units quality of death index. taiwan ranks sixth and the united states ranks ninth
overall. mongolia ranks first out of the low-income countries. thanks to all of you for being part of my program this week. i will see you next week. hello. welcome to las vegas, nevada, site of the very first democratic presidential debate right here on cnn. i'm john berman out in front of the wynn las vegas. in two days the five democratic presidential hopefuls will face off for the first time on cnn. we unveiled the lectern set up inside the hall, hillary clinton on top of the polls, center stage, to her right vermont senator bernie sanders, the leader in the key state of new hampshire, on her left, former maryland governor martin o'malley, former virginia senator jim webb and former