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tv   The Hunting Ground  CNN  December 27, 2015 8:00pm-9:55pm PST

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blitzkrieg, seems indomitable at first, but it soon provokes ingenuity to find ways to overcome it. remember skyjacking seemed insuperable in this country once. we have stopped it. i don't know how terrorism can be stopped, but history's rhythm is on our side. good eke evening. tonight, cnn examines sexual assault on college campuses. "the hunting ground" looks at the failure of universities to address the problem. this is an issue that sparks strong emotions from the victims to the accused to the universities they attend. the film takes one side. it purposefully sets out to tell the story of survivors, as they call themselves, or accusers, as
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the law calls them. following the film, we will explore all sides of the story with a number of leading experts and critics. regardless of the position you take, we believe the stories you will hear tonight need to be told. and now, "the hunting ground." ♪
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>> i got in! i got in! [ laughter ] [ screaming ] ♪ >> i got in! [ crying ] >> yes! yes! boo-yah!
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boo-yah! yes! >> application status. decision made. [ screaming ] oh, my gosh!
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new students, as i look out on you today, i recognize that you must be feeling incredible excitement anticipation, and perhaps a little bit of relief as well. this is the day. >> as your parents learned when they dropped you off today, what happens in college, stays in
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college. most of the time. >> few things are more worthy of celebration than the entry of a new class of students into the university. >> you have strengths and skills and smarts that you don't yet even realize. >> our kansas state university new undergraduate students today are indeed the next generation of leaders on whom we will all rely. >> let us, the faculty, know what we can do to help reach that goal. >> we will be there to have i seen -- to advise you, to guide you on your way. to our new treasured students, this is your moment. >> ah, you see? does it go any higher?
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aha. >> growing up in inner city miami, people like me don't really go anywhere. my dad came over from cuba. my mom is a second generation cuban. i really wanted to do something different. i'm the first person in my family to ever leave the state and go to college. i was actually valedictorian in high school. one of my favorite trips was coming to d.c. and i cried when i saw the declaration of independence. i always loved the country's history. i knew i wanted to go to a school that had history. unc had so much history in activism and social justice, and i just knew i belonged. >> i grew up in raleigh, north carolina, in suburbia. in high school i had a great
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time. i was athletic. i played a lot of sports. i was the first female to letter. i lettered in cross-country. then i played soccer. i was basically a straight "a" student, graduated third in my class. for college, i thought i would go somewhere in state. unc was the best school. i really had a good time there. i learned a lot. i loved my professors. the first few weeks i made some of my best friends. and we're still really, really close, to this day. but two of us were sexually assaulted before classes had even started. it was at night. we were dancing. i was out with some friends. people were drinking. but nobody was ridiculously drunk. and i got pulled outside, and banged my head against a wall,
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and was raped. i physically fought and got away and ran into the bathroom. i still remember putting my hands on the sink and looking at myself in the mirror and shaking, like what just happened? my sophomore year, right after spring break, a really good friend of mine said hey, do you want to go to this party. it was pretty late at night. i danced with this guy. he was attractive, a great dancer and a really good dancer, at least i thought he was. it all happened quickly. i was actually a virgin. that adds a bit to it. he started pulling me towards the bathroom. he grabbed my head by the side of my ear is slammed it against the bathroom tile. and it didn't stop. i couldn't move. i could hear the laughter
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outside the door. i could hear the dancing. i kept wondering, why is nobody coming to the bathroom? why am i not screaming? when you're scared, you stay there and hope you don't die. that's what i was hoping, that i had more than just 20 years to live. >> we've known for probably 25 years now that the problem of sexual assault on college campuses is enormous. >> on challenge campuses, it is not the person jumping out of the bushes or in the parking lot who is going to rape or sexual assault you. it is the person whom you know, the person you may have classes with, the person you see at a party. you think about the people that we don't know that we should be worried about. it's really the people you do know that you should be worried
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about. >> i think a lot of parents think, well, we'll drop our daughter off, she'll have a great college experience, and everything will be fine, because the college has a reputation for being a safe place. it's not. ♪ >> i learned later on that i wasn't the only one who was raped that weekend. but at the time, we didn't talk about it, because it was something that nobody talked about. "rape" is a scary word. you don't want to fall into a category. you don't want to be a victim. i didn't want to admit that it happened to me. >> i didn't tell anybody for a really long time. i went to classes, did everything normally.
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it was just something in the back of my mind. it really started to affect me. it was like, i really need to do something about this. it wasn't until one of my other friends and came to me and said, i was assaulted at a fraternity, how do i report? and i said, actually, i don't know. and i disclosed to her that i was assaulted as well. we sat down and just pulled up google and started looking up how to report at unc. i knew i was more comfortable reporting than she was. so i said, okay, i'm going to go report, and then i'll figure out how to do it and i'll tell you and you can do it, too. so i told this administrator, i was violently raped. and we're sitting down at this point. she looks at me and she's like, rape is like a football game, annie, and if you looked back at the game, what would you do differently in that situation? i was expecting resources. i was expecting support and instead she gives me this metaphor that rape is football.
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and it made no sense. i asked her, no, rape is not like football at all. and she's like, well, you know, were you drunk, and what would you have done differently if you could replay the situation again? and i was just getting blamed and blamed and blamed for this. >> they kept asking me, what were you wearing, what were you drinking, how much did you have to drink? >> he lectured us about how we shouldn't go out in short skirts and we shouldn't drink, that's our fault. >> did you say no? how many times did you say no? how did you say no? >> there was no response for seven months. >> i thought if i told them, they would take action. but the only action they took was against me. >> after i was sexually assaulted, they said i should drop out until everything blows over, out of school. >> i went back into her office and i asked her wa happened and she looked me right in the eye
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and told me that she forgot. >> the school's response always seemed like they were more concerned about him and his needs. >> she said, you don't know what he's going through right now, neither do i, he could be going really having a hard time. >> they also told me, despite the fact that i had a written admission of guilt from him, that i didn't have enough evidence and that in fact what i presented to them could only prove that he loved me. >> there's a lot of victim blaming with this crime, which was a silencing effect on survivors. >> a student comes to an administrator with a problem. it's not as if the administrator wants that student to be harmed. it's not as if the administrator wants the harm to be perpetuated. but their first job is to protect the institution from harm, not the student from harm. what you do is you make it difficult for students to report. so you don't have 200 or a thousand reported assaults, so you can artificially keep your numbers low.
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one easy way, when a lot of students report, they very much discourage them from going to the police. that's because if it goes to the police, it's more likely to end up as kind of a public record. >> colleges have been mandated for a long time to report the crimes that occur on campus to the federal government. but it is in the interests of the college to actually suppress all knowledge that that rape has happened. >> there is a desire to have this addressed internally. and part of that is silencing the kind of problem. it's a public relations management kind of problem, i would say. >> universities are protecting the brand. they're selling a product. ♪
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♪ now i know the truth ♪ anything could happen ♪ anything could happen >> i got a call from the dean of admissions first, asking if you were to get into harvard, would you accept. and i said yes, because i knew my mom would kill me if i said anything else. >> i had mentioned a little pressure, just a little. you know, i saw it as a great opportunity, harvard law degree, wow. >> i saw the inside of a courtroom during my second year of law school. it was insanely stressful but also super rewarding. so yeah, i really loved my second year there.
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it was during the winter term of my third year. i knew him really well. we had met a couple of years earlier. the guy. and my girlfriend who was over, we all met at my apartment to have some drinks beforehand. then we went out to this bar. he continued to buy us both more drinks. half an hour into it i noticed my girlfriend seemed wasted. people started to comment on how drunk my friend seemed. almost instantly after we got into the taxi, i just felt this extremely heavy feeling come over me. my friend, she was just kind of passed out completely. it was like maybe a ten-minute ride back to my place. me and my girlfriend kind of
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just flopped down face first on my bed. the next thing i remember, he was on top of me, and he had a hand inside of my underwear. and he was trying to put a finger inside of me. i yanked him by the hair and i looked over and i just saw her naked back. and i know that she had fallen asleep with all her clothes on. so my next question is, why is she naked? and he smiled, as he was still on top of me, fondling me with one hand. he reached out and pet her naked belly and said, i did that, i undressed her. i asked him, you took off her bra? he touched her naked breast, while she was still totally unconscious and said, yeah, i did that too. the next day he texted me. and i said something very casual like, am i going to have to tell her she needs a pregnancy test?
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he said in the text message, no, we didn't do anything serious, maybe i put a finger in her "v" at most. >> it seemed pretty clear that he had assaulted both of them while they were unconscious. i absolutely presumed that harvard would do right. >> i went to the dean of students office. she said, i just want to make sure above all else that you don't talk to anyone about this. it could be bad for everyone if people started rallying around having him removed from campus. i was like, well, he is a predator, and he's dangerous, and that's actually exactly what i want. we both had the right to legal representation. my lawyer was pro bono. >> she was a phenomenal client.
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she really told her story with a great deal of confidence. >> i went to the hearing. and even the professors were like, did i give him the wrong message with our friendship, he misunderstood our friendship. my response was like, no, because sex was never part of that friendship. and if we were ever going to be introduced, when i was awake would be a good time for that. i was getting questions like, why didn't you fight him? and he's like i think 6'3", over 200 pounds, i was unconscious or just coming to, i could barely take control of my own body. why didn't you fight him? there was this extreme reluctance to believe me. >> campus administrators are overall concerned about false reporting. they look at it as false reporting. it's much smaller than it
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appears to be. >> rape and sexual assault have the same percentage of false reports that any other crime has in our country. >> the best research from around the world would put the percentage of false reports somewhere between 2 and 8%. which means 90% but more likely 95 to 98% of reports are not false. >> we got done with the hearing probably at 4:30 or 5:00. they found that he probably had assaulted me. when we got the call that he was expelled, she was in utter disbelief. that doesn't come often with these college cases. next september i got a facebook message from the dean of students who said the defendant could appeal the decision, and they voted again on whether to
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uphold the decision to remove him and decided to let him back in. >> the message is clear. it's, don't proceed through these disciplinary hearings. no matter what you do, you're not going to win. ♪ ♪ ♪
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♪ ♪
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>> i was, i'm okay, i've never had anything happen to me, i'm fine, i'll get through this. but i started feeling different. ♪ you tell me it gets better ♪ it gets better ♪ in time >> not only was my mind in a place of turmoil, my body was as well. i had nightmares that were so vivid i would wake up and my in the case was bleeding, how much i was scratching off that invisible rapist on my neck again. ♪ 'til it happens to you, you won't know how it feels ♪ >> finally when it became very overwhelming, i knew that i couldn't keep denying it anymore. >> so actually the first person i told was annie clark. she was a senior in my first year.
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i facebooked her and said, can i talk to you about something? >> it's annie, how are you doing? >> we just hit it off. >> oh, my gosh. >> she has been my greatest support system. >> are you in a place where you feel comfortable talking about it? >> after i spoke to annie, i came out publicly to the entire campus with a project called the courage project, a photo project of survivors on campus. as i became more public, i became kind of that gateway for people to actually start talking about what had happened to them. ♪ 'til it happens to you ♪ you won't know ♪ it won't be real ♪ it won't be real ♪ you won't know how i feel
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>> within four weeks i met nine rape survivors at unc. i thought they honestly didn't know this was a problem. i made meetings with the vice chancellor. i made meetings with the dean of students. they were passed off and ignored and delayed. i kept saying, unc has a problem with sexual assault. >> i had the same meeting with the chancellor four years ago. it's like, as soon as there's a new cycle of students, there's no institutional memory and the problem starts all over again. >> to see it happen with my friends going through the same thing i experienced six years ago, it's heartbreaking. that's affected me more than my own rape. >> people stop talking about it. it continues, and it makes you wonder, what is it going to take? >> we started working with the dean who a lot of survivors have worked with and trusted.
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>> how many students came to you in your time at unc and said they've been assaulted? >> it's hard to put a number on it. so at least a hundred. >> out of a hundred, how many of the perpetrators were removed from campus? >> from what i remember, no one was expelled during that time. >> so these guys could just get away with it? >> absolutely. and people could commit it repeatedly. i was certainly aware of some individuals who had committed it repeatedly. >> a survivor at occidental college contacted me. he noticed her rapist's name matched the name in two other cases. she was the third student to be raped by this student. and the most troubling aspect of this case is that he was allowed back or is allowed to come back onto campus. >> i thought it was only one but now i know it's two other women and who knows who else just wasn't able to step forward.
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it seemed like a prime hunting ground for someone like him. >> my assailant, he's done much worse to other people. he has assaulted at least four different women. that's just who i know of. >> two weeks after i reported, i got a call from the detective saying that they found two other girls that he had previously raped, and they were both university of tulsa students, and they had both reported to the school. >> the vast majority of men don't rape, won't rape, haven't raped. so when you start looking at the rapists committing these crimes, it is the repeat offenders who are the core of this problem.
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>> i was incarcerated for 6 1/2 years for sexual assault. i know i was at fault. like i said, i guess the reason i really wanted to do this interview was to maybe help someone else out. maybe have them become aware of, you know, what they're doing wrong. >> the really practiced sex offenders identify groups of people who are more vulnerable. >> college is a place where lots of alcohol is consumed. and the number of victims is endless. >> these men select victims ahead of time. could be a bar, it could be a fraternity party, where people are drinking. >> at the parties, like frat parties, people are getting wasted. it's not like a lot of the time dependent on who they're with. nobody keeps an eye on them. >> the alcohol is essentially a weapon that is used to render
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somebody extremely vulnerable. >> alcohol definitely makes it easier to overpower a victim and they're inebriated or under the influence, for sure. >> then there's an isolation phase. you have someone who has gotten the young women extremely intoxicated, and at some point he says to her, i'll walk you back to your room, or you can sleep it off if you want, we have a bed upstairs. and that's where the assault occurs. >> a lot of people say, why don't they just have students go to the police? i have a lot of good friends who
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are police officers and i love them dearly, but they have some work to do. >> even if law enforcement does do a good job, a lot of district attorneys don't want to take these cases. >> and even if there is prosecution, it takes a long time. it takes a year, two years. in the meantime, that alleged perpetrator could do it again and again and again. so universities, if they have good evidence that somebody is perpetrating that crime on that campus, they can remove them, to protect their other students, with or without the police. >> no more violence, no more rape! no more silence, no more hate! >> what we're seeing today has been going on for a very long time on college campuses. >> sexual violence has always been part of the college
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experience. >> here at brown university, names of men accused of rape appeared on bathroom walls all over the campus. the administration called the tactic vigilanteism. >> idiots. i had a lot of friends on the list. by no means were they rapists. if girls carry a grudge, they call them rapists. >> because a woman says no and you had sex, then are you a rapist automatically because of that? >> a national study says one out of every four female college students will be the victim of a rape or attempted sexual assault. >> the first national study was done, published in 1987, a survey of colleges around the country. and those numbers have been replicated over and over again. >> good evening.
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as troubling as your statistics are charges that this date or acquaintance rape is being hidden by universities and colleges in order to protect their image among prospective students and their families. >> we had been trying to change the university for years. and nothing was getting any better. and so we started looking to do something to enforce them or shame them into doing the right thing. >> we started doing lots and lots of research on sexual harassment law, on rape statutes. then i read about title ix, a gender equity law. it guarantees anyone the right to an education. when perpetrators are allowed to remain on campus and schools don't expel them even if they're found responsible, then they're violating title ix. the government has the power to revoke all federal funds, which will hopefully force schools to be in compliance.
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>> and so we decided to file a title ix complaint. >> you basically write the department of education and you not only explain what happened to you, but you also explain how it's a violation of title ix. >> so it is thursday night. and instead of going out, we are learning case law until we know title ix and case law like the back of our hands. >> i had ear buds. if i was walking, i wasn't listening to music. i was listening to supreme court cases. >> we were sleeping in shifts. i would write for three hours, then sleep for three hours. she would do the same. >> i learned that you don't have to be a lawyer to file it, that you could be 20 and take on a 200-year-old university. >> we didn't know how to file. we faxed it, we emailed it, and
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we mailed it. we didn't know what to expect. i go into my university mail office one day and i have this big envelope from the department of education. i'm just like freaking out, i'm crying. they took our case. they took our case. >> flat out denial. leaders say accusations underreported sexual assault cases is false. >> unc general counsel pointed out what a false allegation can do to a university's reputation. >> the allegations are false, they are untrue and they are just plain wrong. >> false, untrue, and just plain wrong. that resonates in my head. i hear that when i sleep. to say none of this happened, we're not underreporting, we
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didn't mess up, it's just betrayal. >> schools are actively and aggressively not telling the truth about what's going on on their campuses, because the first campuses to do so will be known as the rape campuses. rape is happening in all college campuses, and there are perverse economic and reputational incentives to hide those numbers. >> i analogize it to getting a letter, if you're a parent, dear mr. and mrs. schultz, we're so happy donnie is going to be a freshmen, and we thought we might need to let you know that while johnny is here, there's a one in four chance he's going to be the victim of a drive-by shooting. the shooters are other students. thank you so much for your tuition. we look forward to welcoming johnny in the fall.
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would any parent send his or her child there? >> they protect perpetrators across the board because they have a financial incentive to do so. perpetrators who survive rape are much more likely to sue, and institutions want to avoid lawsuits. in an effort to avoid lawsuits, they pretty much do whatever they can to give them a slap on the wrist. >> what to expect if you are accused of a sexual assault. if you are found responsible, you may be suspended for one semester. suspended over a summer vacation. suspended for one day. given a $75 fine. given a $25 fine. given a warning. assigned a paper to reflect on your experience. required to construct a poster
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board listing ten ways to approach a girl you like. assign 50 hours of community service at a rape crisis center. >> any allegation of sexual assault is something that we at the university take very seriously. >> asu issued a statement saying in part arizona state university takes all complaints very seriously. >> the university says it's taking these allegations very seriously. >> we take these accusations very seriously. >> we take reports like this all seriously. >> they take all reports very seriously. >> james madison university takes the safety and wellbeing of our students very seriously. >> what's the punishment? >> all three students responsible for sexual assault and harassment expelled upon graduation. >> yes! justice! wait a minute. expelled upon graduation? isn't that graduation?
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[ bell ringing ] >> we will strive to build a community where education, inquiry, and faith combine to respond to the demands of justice. this is our goal, that no one ever say that we dreamed too small. >> my career in law enforcement started in 1969 from the south bend police department, and then went to the university of notre dame police department. the university students, they're just wonderful kids. but just like anywhere, there's horrible people, too.utely you know, and of course i had to
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deal with that, too. >> st. mary's is a sister school to notre dame. it's one of the best catholic all women's colleges in the nation. i was proud to go there. i was really happy. i was part of campus ministries. i decided to be a biology major. i had a dream of going to medical school. compared to my sister, i'm more of a book person. she kind of always made fun of me because i like to stay home on the weekends and she kind of said i was a party pooper and wanted me to come out and stuff. i did go out, and it was fun. it was halloween. a call came in on my phone. it was from someone i knew when he went to notre dame. he was like, you have to come to a halloween party. you know, i trust people,
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trusted what he said. so, you know, just went along with it. we got to his dorm. i asked him, where is everne else? he was like, oh, they're coming. eventually his friends left, and it was just me and him. that's when it happened. >> she, of course, said no, you know, trying to keep him from doing what he was doing. and then he eventually just forced her and raped her. >> lieutenant cottrell interviewed all the people i had known that were involved. >> in my opinion, a conspiracy of not only the suspect that was
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involved in raping the victim but i also had friends of his that helped convince her that there was a party that she was going to. the university had their judicial hearing. >> i had this idealistic view that if i was telling the truth, that they would support me and they didn't. >> they preferred to have the crime stats as low as possible so it doesn't detract applicants to the university. >> i met with the president of st. mary's, dr. mooney. i'm carol ann mooney, president of st. mary's college.
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st. mary's must always be committed to providing our students with an excellent intellectual and academic experience. >> she kind of blew it off and didn't take it seriously, you know. she said well, these things don't happen here. >> it got worse and worse for me as the years went along. not only dealing with what happened to the victim, but also dealing with what the university did. my bosses were saying that they had empathy for victims of crimes, but it was like i told them, talk is cheap. and that's all it is with you guys, talk. you don't really support victims of crimes.
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i do. and i can't work for you any longer. >> i didn't really talk about it. i kind of just stayed in my room for a couple of months until christmas. and i didn't sleep. my nights and days were mixed up. i couldn't go to class. so i cut down. i just completely changed as a person. >> i think the reason it's so hard to be on a college campus after you've been raped or sexually assaulted, it's a small place where everything is structured. your living space is structured, your eating space is structured. so you're going to run into your rapist. >> i didn't go out. i couldn't mingle with strangers. >> i felt the campus getting
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smaller and smaller. >> i was just on edge. >> there's a whole physiological side to ptsd, when you experience a traumatic event like this. your nervous system tends to get very reactive. >> i started having more panic attacks. >> when i was in my depressed state, i slept all day long. >> i couldn't stop crying. i couldn't stop thinking about it. i self-harmed. >> during the vacation between semester 1 and semester 2 i tried to kill myself. >> i had a lot of depression, suicidal thoughts. >> trey malone took his own life last june. he wrote about being sexually
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abused while a student and the school's lack of response. >> men are sexually assaulted, perpetrated by other men. for a lot of men, it challenges beliefs they have about themselves. >> they always say, you allowed yourself to do it, why didn't you fight them. be. >> men have to be strong and men wouldn't let this happen to them. >> because of the emphasis of it being a crime against females, then feel left comfortable with coming forward with it. >> reporting rates amongst men are so infinitesimal that it makes it hard to do research on this, let alone get a real understanding of the scope of the problem. [ singing ]
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>> you are built from the ground as a tarheel, as a member of a community that is so much bigger than you. i was directly going against it. >> tonight, the u.s. department of education has launched its own investigation into how unc chapel hill has been handling sexual assault cases on campus. >> it wasn't until we filed a complaint that retaliation started. and it's been bad. i've gotten death threats. i've gotten rape threats. of course, internet trolls are always there. but i had one in-person threat, which was kind of scary. "bang bang bitch die." >> my dorm room was vandalized, spray paint everywhere, a knife was left behind and messages were painted all over.
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i felt like i was in danger all the time. and that's what i thought of when i went to classes. i went, you know, from being valedictorian in high school to struggling to finish my classes and not knowing how to tell my parents, which i never did. >> can you talk a little bit about what it was like when your parents found out? >> they still don't know. >> they still don't know? >> yeah. i thought about telling them many, many times. >> i didn't tell my parents until a couple of days later, which was probably like the hardest thing i've ever had to do, ever. i'm going to start crying. i remember like saying to my dad -- >> what worries you about telling them?
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>> the conversation afterwards. i'm worried that they would look at me differently. i'm worried that they would want to talk about it again. and just the fact that they would know. it will just be there in their minds when they looked at me. hearing my mom on the phone, so helpless in that moment, that's probably makes me the most angry at my assailant. >> my mom was on the plane the next day after i told her. >> my dad wasn't wearing it anymore. his finger has a permanent mark from his ring. he didn't have his ring on. and it was even more
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heartbreaking for me to watch my dad. >> i called her from a thousand miles away and tell her that i just wanted her to be there. >> she always had this big, beautiful, radiant smile. it was electric. it made other people happy. we had 11 family members, and two that went to st. mary's. she felt affirmed that this was the right choice. she was really, really happy to be there. she went over on august 31st with a friend to attend an activities fair at notre dame. that evening they went back to
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this football player's room. there was four of them in there, the football player and his friend and lizzie and her friend. rather suddenly, the other two left the room and left lizzie alone with this football player. and then he basically jumps her. he pulls her on top of him and removes her shirt and bra and also begins to try to take off her pants. and the next day, lizzie reports. it never crossed our mind that they wouldn't do right.
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the accused, they couldn't find him. they had difficulty locating him. everyone knows where this individual is. certainly the athletic department knows. he played two home football games before he was interviewed. notre dame stadium holds 80,000 people. so that's times two, 160,000 people knew where this guy was before notre dame security police found him. >> there is a directive that the campus police cannot contact an athlete at any athletic facility and we cannot contact any athletic employee to assist us in contacting the athlete that we would be looking for. >> so what was the point of that? >> i guess to keep us away from student athletes. >> so lizzie ends this exchange of intimidating attacks from the
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football player's friend and he comes at her with a text, don't do anything you would regret, messing with football is a bad idea. and then lizzie takes that message and immediately forwards it to the detective in charge. and later, the county prosecutor said they would not be filing charges on that particular complaint, saying it wasn't a threat because the individual who sent it believed he was trying to prevent someone from filing a false report. she was becoming very anxious about this whole situation. one of her friends is quoted as saying that she said, you know, he's going to get away with it. he denied everything, and made comments like she was the aggressor. friday evening, i finally looked at my phone, and i saw a text from my wife's best friend saying, you need to call right away.
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and i remember the words. and it's, "it's bad, it's bad, lizzie took her life today." she's gone. you know, it's brutal. it's just really, profoundly sad, in those moments when you think she's not here with us.
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so is it students? >> so i'm in oregon. she's moving to oregon and taking the semester off. >> every place i have separated with a semicolon is a different -- we were talking, we're going to keep doing this, we don't know how we're going to fund it but we're going to do something. we called everybody. most people laughed it off. one of the people who we had
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reached out to about the unc case was at the "new york times." he was like, oh, that's interesting. it ended up becoming a front page "new york times" story. >> that's when we got a flood of e-mails, facebook, tweets. somebody tweeted at me, "me too, it happened to me too." >> this is annie and andreas. do you see a button in the middle of your screen that says, start video? >> it was my freshman year. i had been at school a couple of weeks. i made friends at frat houses. >> people reached out, a lot of facebook, a lot of e-mails. >> i froze and couldn't fight back. >> i don't know if it's appropriate to have told this story, i'm sorry if it's harmful to you in any way, but it needs to stop. >> i remember i was in one meeting after the story broke and i had 50 calls in an hour. >> i've never heard of a case that has gone in like the
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survivor's favor. >> he admitted it. he admitted to sexual assault and got eight weeks suspension. >> the dean of students accused me of being drunk and told me i had a serious problem. >> so many of the survivors coming forward said my rape was bad but the way i was treated was worse. >> raped in the honors dorm. above the department's office. and the department office took my scholarship. >> i was up working at 4. i go to work and come back and sometimes there would be survivors in my apartment that needed to talk. >> you probably hear stories like this all the time. >> i know. but it doesn't make it any better. >> now i'm realizing how much better i feel for talking to you about it. >> you're not alone. you're not alone and no matter how many awful things -- >> i basically had to make a choice if i wanted to continue to support survivors or have my actual administrative job at a university. i figured i could do more good
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this way so i resigned. >> on our to-do list, we have vanderbilt. formalizing a national network is on my to-do list. i found my paychecks. >> what we're looking to see is how do we show that unc -- it's not in isolation. we started seeing what was happening at campuses across the country. we look at all the cases we've heard. we make this map. every time another school called or whatever we would put a dot on the map. ooh remember talking, why has no one connected the dots before? we have a case at yale, amherst, penn state, berkeley, and nobody said i think we should connect these dots because there might be something going on here bigger than one problem. >> and you see how many people are being impacted by them and
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every one of those dots being more than one story. you start to see it as an epidemic. what if we could build a network? what if we could connect our stories? we could actually make campus rape a problem that people cared about. >> hi, sophie. >> hello. >> hi. do you want to see dre? can you see? >> sophie was one of the first activists who reached out. she was from berkeley. >> there has been an increase in the number of sexual assaults that have happened. >> she's like, this is exactly what's happening at berkeley, i know so many other people that are dealing with this, how can we do what you did? so we started working together. >> hey!
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>> how are you? >> hi. >> are you scared of retaliation at all? >> yeah. >> so far, the students who know have been really, really supportive. i think that once maybe the fraternities find out, then that could be bad. >> it's called collegiate acb. there are all of these fraternities that post on it, who is the most attractive, which house is the best house, or people say i was raped at this one last weekend or i was raped at that one. >> why is your name in that one? >> oh, my god. i did not think i was going to be on this stupid site. >> look at how they spelled your name, though. >> whatever that means. >> they wrote it in latin. i don't -- search it. >> interesting.
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♪ >> the american fraternity industry spans thousands of american colleges, from the most elite private ivy league institutions to small regional colleges. we all know about inflicted trauma from hazing. but it's a matter of public record that the second most common type of insurance claim against the fraternity industry is from sexual assault. >> i don't want to single out fraternities because it's actually a minority of fraternities. but what you inevitably get is a small amount of fraternities where sexual assault is rampant.
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>> within the last five to ten years, it's had a number of problems. >> known in a lot of places as sexual assault expected. >> sexual assault expected. >> sexual assault expected. >> are there parties where you're warned not to go? >> yes, sae, sexual assault expected. >> those are the main ones where i was told as a freshman, don't go there. >> there's a one fraternity on campus that is called the date rape frat. >> it's a -- >> there is one that was called the rape dungeon. >> you get a group of people like this in that kind of synergistic kind of culture forming, it intensifies this problem. >> at a fraternity at yale, surrounding the dorm where many of the freshman girls lives shouting --
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>> no means yes. yes means aenle. >> no means yes, yes means anal. >> we ended up pledging at one of the largest national fraternities, somewhat notorious. it's a bad reputation. everyone wednesday night we would have what they call meetings where older brothers would gather in the basement and begin a highly structured ritual, exchanging stories of sexual conquest. if a brother had anal sex with a woman, that the be mentioned and there would be a pat on the back moment. that was something that the women at dartmouth who hooked up with fraternity brothers didn't really know. >> that guy who tried to sexually assault me was a pledge at the time. all the pledges had to like photograph girls without anything on their tops, had to photograph shirtless girls. >> i hate that. >> apparently in the basement there were pictures of like
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girls and just like their tits. apparently this kid, this kid who was like so pushy with me, he had like the most pictures of girls. so when he comes at me, his behavior of being sexually aggressive gets rewarded by his brothers. >> fraternities are essentially unregulated bars. the individuals that are responsible for managing that alcohol are themselves legally incapable of consuming it. >> most fraternities don't throw parties because you can't have alcohol on the premises even if you're over 21. if they want to drink they have to do it where the fraternity brothers control the dispersion of alcohol. >> usually the drinks have everclear in them. >> what's everclear? >> it's a very strong form of alcohol. the reason they put it in there is it would get you drunk quickly. >> the idea is to get everyone
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so incredibly intoxicated, blackout drunk, that would increase the chances that people would be getting laid. there was certainly something predatory about it. the fraternity brothers would take pride in having a predator-prey relationship with the women who came to these parties. >> i went to a fraternity party at m.i.t. i never really i guess had been in a situation like that. >> he came up to me and we started talking. >> there was just this guy i thought was cute. we were dancing. >> this big frat brother came up to me and put his arm around me and took me away from my friends. but he was really nice. >> a friend at the time really fed me a lot of drinks. >> he said why don't we go outside. >> he asked to go upstairs. we went upstairs. >> he took me downstairs to their basement.
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>> he pinned me against the wall and took off my clothes and assaulted me. >> that's when they both assaulted me. >> i was assaulted by at least two members of their fraternity. >> it's extremely difficult, if not impossible to get create information, about whether or not there have been sexual assaults in a particular fraternity house. what you found in many circumstances is universities have created contractual relationships with fraternities that involve them promoting the fraternities but not then also disclosing the risks that they've had with those fraternities. >> on the johns hopkins university campus today, following accusations of a gang rape at the university. students say the university failed to tell them about the investigation. >> problem after problem with the fraternity at unm. and that was before a new claim of rape.
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>> digging for answers after the same yale frat houses had a whole bunch of problems. >> i'm telling you, almost every time there's a rape in a fraternity chapter, there's someone at the university, certainly the person who is in the office of greek residents life, paid for by the university. he or she knew that chapter was likely to have a rape sometime. but they won't tell the young women. or if they do, there's hell to pay for these college presidents. it happened at wesleyan. a problem fraternity, the university sent a letter in the spring to all students and all parents. the fraternity went ballistic. the parents of the from a pertain brothers went ballistic. the new class of freshmen women came in and they didn't send the warning to the new class of freshmen women. it was halloween weekend before a girl was violently raped upstairs. >> a student claimed she was raped. this isn't the first time that frat has come under fire.
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>> after that rape, the young woman shows up in an emergency room in middletown, connecticut, i was assaulted at the fraternity. it's to me outrageous the extent that our colleges and universities are complicit in the sexual assault of young women at these fraternity houses. >> why don't the schools just disassociate themselves from the fraternities and kick them off campus? >> right. well, the colleges and universities have much more to gain from the fraternities than the fraternities have to gain from the colleges and universities. one out of every eight college students living on campus lives in greek housing. that's a tremendous amount of housing stock the colleges don't have to pay for, don't have to supervise. you also have to remember, you tie alumni to your campus in a very powerful way when you have a fraternity system. alumni giving is a massive part
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of giving. a large part of that is fraternity membership. it's a deeply powerful industry. you start tracing back and you found out they're pouring money into political campaigns and they're hugely overrepresented. there is no college or university or type of college or university that's more represented within congress than the fraternity system itself is. so people are very loathed to get involved and very loathed to get involved with the university system.
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laptop? >> uh-huh. >> it's not a coincidence that you can fly to boston and fly to california and hear the same stories. >> we started visiting other campuses.
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we thought that if we created a model for how to file a title ix complaint, others would do it. ♪ ♪ >> these are two fraternities where the student was sexually assaulted. >> it was going there, walked the fraternities walked to where assaults had happened. details that were critical for every single case. >> weird, right? >> so for the e-mail -- >> we moved forward with this model, saying, here's a complaint, here's how this process works. >> on my 21st birthday, i was helping students at swarthmore file a title ix complaint. >> so i think i went to columbia twice before they filed, i
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sat down with students and talked them through how to file a complaint >> if people are going to talk publicly, then it needs to be about their treatment here at columbia. >> we don't have lawyers. you don't have 18, 19-year-old students standing up to their institutions. >> we are at amherst. we found a place to stay. >> we're sleeping tonight. >> the parking lot. >> we are changing and doing stuff in a wendy's bathroom. >> yeah. ♪ but there is only forward no other way ♪ ♪ tomorrow is your hope at the end of the day♪ >> i found politicizing my own experience to be the most helpful step. >> it's really exciting to actually get the meet the other activists. >> i felt so cared for until i
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actually needed yale. >> the administration kept telling us to take our foot off the pedal. >> hi. ♪ what if the hard work isn't fair what if the road won't take me there ♪ ♪ i wish >> hi. nice to meet you. i'm annie. >> i'm rachel. nice to meet you. >> i just decided to take some time off and moved here with my sister. and i'm seeing the two little girls. one of the reasons i wanted to do this is i never want them to ever have to deal with something like this. >> we have a survivor who
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is coming and she doesn't know if she can stop cutting. >> the worst part for me is having to relive the experience of everybody else, this vicarious trauma that i couldn't process anymore. >> it's just not fair. it's really not fair. >> but it's the only way i get up in the morning. i would have given anything to have someone believe me, someone who supported me. >> i'm andrea. nice to meet you. >> hi. >> nice to meet you. >> nice to meet you. >> i was raped by a basketball player at the university of tulsa. an athlete, everyone was acting like he's worth more than i am because he's an athlete. >> that's what happens over and
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over and over again. it's like, you need to reread your mission statement. are you hear for sports or are you're you here to educate and protect your students? >> an alleged sexual assault case involving three basketball players. >> four vanderbilt football players are charged with rape. >> derek washington already had a documented history of violence against women. >> former kicker gibbons in the alleged sexual assault of a woman back in 2009. >> this is the fifth student athlete to be accused of sexual assault on campus. >> i really didn't believe the vast majority of student athletes are worthy of our admiration. they're mostly people trying to do the right thing. but when you have 18 to 20-year-old kids who are celebrities, it creates a toxic environment for a lot of bad
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behavior. when they walk across campus, it's not like any other student walking across campus. there's a multi-billion dollar industry that wraps around these young men. and if you don't think they're part of a culture of entitlement, look at the fanfare that's around college football. ♪ >> i grew up in zephyr hills, florida. it's a small town so everybody knows everybody. i lived there my entire life. i did very well in high school. i graduated with honors. i took a lot of a.p. and honors classes. when i was younger, a family friend gave me a florida state cheerleading uniform. it came with pom-poms.
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>> she was the best child any father could have. just a joy to be around. she kept saying she was going to fsu, going to fsu. when she first got there, i knew she made the right choice. >> my first and last year was a lot of science classes. i was in six classes. i wanted to go to med school. i didn't go out a lot just because i was in a lot of classes. so it was the week before finals. and we drove to potbelly's. and we were just hanging out. this guy started following me around. i said to him, stop, stop following us. and a man sitting at the bar saw that, like i was uncomfortable with this guy following me. and so he kind of like grabbed
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me and was like, this is my girlfriend, leave her alone. and i was like, thank you. the guy left. and i was just like, thank you. i remember being in a cab. and there were three guys in the cab also. anyone you ask would tell you i never would go home with a guy, period. and especially not three people that i didn't know. i remember specific things after that. i was in like an apartment. assaulting sexually he was raping me. he was on top of me and i couldn't really breathe that much. i was saying, please stop, stop. i remember his roommate or whoever this other guy was came in and he was saying like, dude, stop, what are you doing, she's telling you to stop.
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since his door to the bedroom wouldn't lock, he picked me up and he carried me into the bathroom. he said, the door will lock in here. he put me on the tile bathroom floor. i was trying to like push him off and kick him off. but he was just too big. and i said, please stop, multiple times. i said no. eventually he pushed his hand over my face and like pushed my face into the floor. and he just continued to rape me. he finished and then he put my clothes back on and he said, you can leave now. and then he's like, i'll take you home on my scooter. i mean, okay, i had no idea where i was, i had no idea how else i was supposed to get home. i wanted to get out of there. this was the worst feeling, because i didn't want to hold on to him, you know. but i was afraid that i was
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going to fall off of the scooter. he dropped me off at the intersection where i told him because i didn't want him to know where i lived. i didn't know really what i was supposed to do. i tweeted, someone help me. my friend responded and she was like, tell me what happened. we decided that we needed to call the police. >> she said she was raped? >> yes. >> she did not know the person? >> no. >> the florida state university police took me in the back of a police car to the hospital. i got all of the blood work and the rape kit and everything. they were watching bruises appear as i was laying in the hospital bed. >> we got a call about 3:00 in the morning. we grabbed some stuff and jumped in the car and headed to fsu as quick as we could. she was laying in the hospital bed.
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and we each went to one side and we just held her and all three of us laid there, sat there and cried. >> that's when investigator angola came in. i told him kind of everything. >> i'm very pro law enforcement. and tallahassee pd was there. we assumed they were taking care of things. >> i went back in the beginning of january. it was my first class on tuesday. i see him walk into the class. i knew, i was like, that's him.
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they were about to take attendance. and i needed to stay calm and just kind of wait it out. he was one of the very last names that they called. and my teacher said jameis winston. he raised his hand. i didn't know who he was. >> the nation's number one high school quarterback, jameis winston won gatorade state player of the year this past season. >> tell me why you chose florida state. >> we're trying to build a tradition there. >> i notified the investigator who it was. i think at that point he knew that he was going to be the big football star. he said, this is a huge football town, you really should think long and hard about whether you want to press charges or not.
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it didn't make sense to me, really. i just thought like, you know, that's his job, why is he not going to do it? >> winston, into the end zone, touchdown florida state. >> sports teams are the business on these campuses. when you build stadiums, it costs 20 million, $300 million. when you build athletic facilities, it can get in that range as well. then you look at the multi-billion dollar television contracts. when you're talking about that kind of money, there's an enormous investment in a student athlete who may be a quarterback on a top 20 team that's pulling in hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue. >> 19-year-old winston is on the
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verge of leading his team to the ultimate victory. >> our main goal is to win a national championship. >> he's had a meteoric rise to fame becoming the starting quarterback as a freshman. >> he's a star on the team. that doesn't mean he's guilty. but you have to treat that person like you would anyone else in these cases. and that didn't happen here. >> poised to win the national championship, florida state quarterback jameis winston now possibly finds himself in some hot water. winston is part of an ongoing investigation into a sexual assault complaint filed nearly a year ago. but today it was turned over to the state attorney. >> as soon as i saw this story break, i thought, how terribly, terribly unfair it is to this young man. >> i think it's very, very unfortunate that this young dude with this magic johnson caliber smile and a level of production and the things that he has done,
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en route to pursuing the national championship and a heisman trophy, and now it comes out? it just stinks to me. >> dna analysis confirmed the dna provided by winston matched that sample taken from the accuser. >> although he has never spoken directly to cops or prosecutors, jameis winston through his attorneys maintains his innocence and says any sex was consensual. >> he's into the promised land, touchdown! >> his voice, his way, his team. >> our football team kept winning games. we were going to play in the national championship. all these people were praising him. people were just calling me names, an slut, a whore.
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i got a tweet from a girl i didn't know. "why would you blame such a good guy for doing this?" family.were threatening me, my other people were threatening my sorority, saying we're going to burn down their house. >> jameis winston will not be charged with the rape that allegedly happened exactly a year ago. here is prosecutor and fsu alumni willie meggs. >> we carefully examined all of the evidence in this case and have cop cluded that no charges will be filed gepts anyone in this case. >> we found no evidence of any drugs of any sort in her blood system. >> do you think jameis winston raped that girl? >> i think i did not have sufficient evidence to prove that he sexually assaulted her
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against her will. i think things that happened there that night were not good. >> as fsu fights for the national title, the alleged victim drops out of school. fsu football fans are predictably delighted by this result. >> jameis winston. >> amazing. what a great guy. >> jammies christ. >> it worked. >> every school in the country that has a big time powerhouse football team has players that deal with that shit. >> she was a liar. >> some girls are jealous. >> football star jameis winston had the game of his young life monday when he led the seminoles to the national championship. ♪
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>> it's my pleasure to announce the 2013 heisman memorial trophy winner. jameis winston, florida state university. >> is it hard for you to believe that this has all happened? >> i kind of just want to know like, why me. it doesn't really make sense.
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>> we need to remember where the power really lies on these campuses. presidents higher athletic directors. athletic directors hire coaches. coaches receive salaries higher than the president. >> florida state university. >> wow, you've got to be the happiest man on earth. >> i think it's hard to find a happier person, no doubt about it. >> these cases are nightmares for college presidents. these are college presidents who hold their nose and cover their ears because they know that this is part of what comes with the business big of college sports. >> there is a great fear among many presidents of alienating important, influential people. >> what's the number one responsibility of a college president? fundraising. >> $100 million to uc san diego, the second largest gift in the school's history.
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>> $200 million. that's the gift university of michigan alum steven ross has given to the school. >> harvard university has received the largest donation in the school's history, $350 million. good lord, that's a lot of money. >> colleges are big businesses. they have boards trying to maintain their endowments. they don't want anything to touch that. this is about millions and billions of dollars spent every year to keep this institution running. >> harvard is in the midst of a 6 million capital campaign. donors might be troubled if they understood the magnitude of sexual assault on campus. i think that's part of the effort to silence the problem. numerous times i was taken aside by a senior tenured female faculty person and told you should be a dutiful daughter. if you hear it, pretend you didn't. if you see it, shut up about it. silence.
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♪ >> there's a reason we haven't seen more faculty involved. it harms your career in ways you can't even predict. certainly if you're untenured. even if you are tenured, it makes it more difficult to move from one institution to the next if you've been branded an activist or troublemaker. >> i've had the honor to work with students asking me these questions for the five years i've been here. we've heard things were going to happen but no conversation about it. there's a still huge gap that needs to be bridged and to be discussed more publicly.
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♪ >> i feel like there's this moral high ground in higher education that is just sitting vacant. what i haven't yet seen anywhere that i'm aware of is a president who has decided that whatever it takes, it has to be done. and that's what leadership is. >> we would not tolerate for one moment sexual violence and intimidation on our campus. these assumptions are patently false and such speculations are very, very inappropriate. ♪
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♪ ♪ ♪ >> at the end of the day i think we share the same goals, which is to create a safe place where all our students can thrive.
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we have 25 possible complainants. how many of them are survivors? >> 20. >> how many are willing to go public? >> umm, probably five. >> what about just a press conference? >> yeah, that i think could be good. >> good morning, and thank you for your attendance at this important event. my name is sophie, i am a third year student here at the university of california, berkeley. >> my name is megan warner. >> my name is shannon thomas and i'm a proud fourth year, soon to be graduate of uc berkeley. i'm a survivor of a sexual assault a year ago. >> i didn't realize at the time the nightmare wasn't limited to the assault.
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>> it's far more upsetting than the assault itself. >> when i looked at the resources for the university online, i found that most were for the perpetrator, including a graphic on what to do if you're accused, not what to do if you're a survivor seeking help. >> she made me feel like what happened to me want real, like it want a big deal. like it was my fault. >> my fault. >> my fault. >> sexual assault at uc berkeley is an epidemic. >> several female students say they were sexually assaulted on the university of california campus but they weren't taken seriously. >> we were tracking the media frame and how it changed and where it spiked and what articles worked and what didn't. >> these students today went from sexual assault victims to survivors and now activists. >> we saw what was effective, and that was personal narrative and putting a face and a name to the issues. >> my name is carolyn lubey. >> my name is alexa schwartz. i maim is ari. >> i would like to provide you a personal account of the abuses that occurred here at the
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university of southern california. >> i am a sophomore. >> i was sexually assaulted and stalked by fellow students on this campus. >> i was raped during my freshman year at occidental. i wish i had not been discouraged by a dean from reporting my rape. >> i'm filing as the lead complainant against the university of connecticut. >> against uc berkeley. >> against the institution that i loved. ♪ >> seeing students over the last year to two years almost taking control of this, for me has been a miraculous thing to witness. >> for my senior thesis i'll be carrying the mattress with me, as long as he's still on this campus.
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>> our individual stories are what makes this a story. >> here is an experience of 700 survivors. >> and unless something happens, it's not going to change. >> there is a revolution happening on campuses across the country. ♪ >> i'm very hopeful that this really is our watershed moment. >> we are fed up! with your university! >> don't become the problem! >> don't become the problem! >> today we decide we will no longer tolerate it. >> what do we want? >> safe campus! >> when do we want it? >> now! we're watching! we're here! we made ourselves clear! >> it was happening so quickly. complaint against unc, the issue has shot to the top of the national agenda. >> thank you so much for coming. >> what else do you think we need to do? >> do you want to run through
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some of those items on the list we marked off? >> sure. i have my list. >> the week before my senior finals, i was in dc talking to senators. >> we have seen an inspiring wave of student-led activism and a growing number of students who found the courage to come forward and report attacks. we owe all these brave young people an extraordinary debt of gratitude. but we can't stop there. >> i still hear stories from survivors whose experiences reporting to the school sound exactly like mine. >> activists all around the country are speaking out on this issue. >> stand up for justice. don't let other students go through what i went through. >> it used to be the department of education didn't release names of who was under investigation. but after pressure from student activists, they've begun to do that. >> 55 colleges and universities face a title ix sexual investigation. >> more than 70 schools nationwide are now under investigation. ♪
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♪ ♪ you have no fear >> you have over 70 that are currently being investigated. >> when they release that list of schools, that map of where they pinpointed it, it matched our map. [ birds chirping ]
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[ graduation music ] >> welcome to the 2014 spring commencement at the university of north carolina at chapel hill. >> here at notre dame, we want to be not just another harvard or oxford but a bethlehem, a nazareth, a calvary, the upper room at pentecost. >> i'm still practicing my faith. but something i believed so long and had so much trust in, just failed. i have to remind myself that people sin. people aren't good. i have to remind myself that.
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>> what do universities owe the future? we owe the future meaning. universities must nurture the ability to interpret, to make critical judgments, to dare to ask the biggest questions. what is good. what is just. >> i'll see someone who looks like him on the street, and i don't want to say that i'm afraid of him, but yeah, it's shocking. it was three years ago. and it's still right up here.
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>> your attention is what you have coming to florida state. character's what you have when you leave florida state. >> i know it was the right thing to do, come forward, but investigator angula is right when he said ewould be driven out of tallahassee. >>. ♪ ♪
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>> my daughter was raped at university of california santa barbara a week and a half ago. after they were done with her, they just dumped her. and she got back in the hospital, she called the school and told them she wanted to go forward. from there, it has been an absolute joke. nobody up there wanted to help us.
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♪ ♪ till it happens to you you don't know how i feel ♪ ♪ how i feel how i feel♪ >> thank you for watching "the hunting ground." now an in-depth conversation about the issues it has raised about sexual assault on college campuses. it begin in 30 seconds. ♪ till it happens to you happens to you happens to you ♪
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♪ happens to you, happens to you ♪ ♪ happens to you happens to you ♪ ♪ till it happens to you you all know how i feel♪ good evening, i'm allison camerota. "the hunting ground" is a powerful film that sparks awide range of reactions. the filmmakers set out to tell the story from the point of view from the survivorsing or as the law calls them, accusers. during the next hour, cnn will bring you differing view points on this critically important topic. we wanted to begin this conversation by hearing from the presidents of the schools featured in the film but they declined our repeated invitations. over the last month, we asked the presidents of florida state university, notre dame, amhearst, st.


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