tv Anthony Bourdain Parts Unknown CNN January 1, 2016 5:00pm-6:01pm PST
♪ felt the cool rain on my shoulder ♪ ♪ found something good in this beautiful world ♪ ♪ i felt the rain getting colder ♪ ♪ sha la la la la ♪ sha la la la la la ♪ sha la la la la ♪ sha la la la la la la ♪ colombia, ordinarily and for all too many years, when this country makes the news or appears in a film or a television drama, it's not for its looks, which are, i should
say right up front, spectacular. it's not for its people who everyone i've ever met, anyway, warm, proud, generous and fun. or for its food, which is truly great. i don't know what this is, but it's good. food in this country is excellent. ♪ >> i'm no stranger to this place. generally speaking, it's a particularly vibrant mix of spanish, european, afro-caribbean, and indigenous people. these are deep waters, my friends, that no news story or episode of "miami vice" has ever come close to navigating. it is and always has been a fiercely, fiercely proud country, and its people yearn to see international coverage of something other than cocaine and violence, but that isn't a legacy that's easy to ignore.
its decades of civil unrest have left vast swaths of colombia relatively unknown, even to its own citizens. to reach a place previously considered a no-go area, i'll fly out of an airport in villavicencio, 45 miles southeast of the capital bogota. on first inspection, this is an airplane boneyard, where unwanted props from "romancing the stone" corrode artfully. but in reality, this sleepy hangar is an important gateway to the more impenetrable parts of the country.
the remote settlements in the amazon basin are cut off from the country, with neither rail nor roads connecting them. there are only two ways in, either boat for several days down river, or aboard a jungle bus, which is what locals call the world war ii era dc-3. i've flown worse. i've been brought mere by pablo mora, a teacher at medellin university and a particular enthusiast for this classic of golden-age aviation. you've taken this flight before? >> yes. every chance i have, i come here and fly one. it's a romantic thing. >> he sees the work these hulking great airships and their pilots do, as daredevil humanitarian missions for the more remote colombians. >> they have an in-flight movie? >> no, no, no, nor first class, either. >> what? >> no, no. >> the planes travel with their own mechanic to cobble together anything that might go wrong. and stuff can go wrong. the risk is that we'll be able to land but not take off again, so this guy is our return ticket out of the jungle. ♪
>> our captain is joaquin san clemente, something of a legend in these parts, and his co-pilot captain constanza reyes. >> it's mystical. you know, and they develop this sensibility with the plane. there's no intel in sight here, there's no software. they have gps, but that's about it. it's beautiful, you know, they have to sense everything. they know when the sound of the plane is not right. it's just man and machine. >> the weather is the big unknown around here. it's changeable enough to ground planes in remote places if they hang around for too long.
we have to make one stop on the way to pick up more cargo. vital cargo, by the way. ♪ >> the land we're passing over is beautiful and lush, but the life for those below has been anything but. >> colombia seems to be trapped in a vicious circle. >> farc has used the territory as a haven for kidnapping. >> until recently, most of the news coming out of this part of colombia was not good. it was a front line in the war on drugs, for lack of a better term, and colombia's long struggle with the farc, a marxist guerrilla force financed by drug trafficking, kidnapping and covert assistance from venezuela. 50 years of very dirty war.
the stakes not about drugs per se, but about the ability of ordinary colombians to live without fear. we land in the jungle outpost of miraflores in the southern province in the amazonian forest reserve. the heavy presence of army and special police is a result of its strategic location and recent history as a one-time center of coca production. farmers here would grow the stuff and make leaves into past. traffickers would come and buy it. the farc had this area under its sphere of influence for years. nine years ago, the government moved to expel the farc, the traffickers and any paramilitaries, with apparently much success.
overnight, however, its population shrank by 85%. and what remains struggles to survive. so, the people here, you're telling me, either were born here -- >> yeah. >> -- or? >> most of the people came from elsewhere. in the beginning in the 1950s and '60s they were -- they were escaping from the violence, from the political violence between the two parties in colombia. >> so, if you were having problems in the city or wherever you were from, you came out here? >> yeah. >> so what did you do for a living out here? >> cattle and some agriculture, and after that the drug trade began and everything with the coca plantations. >> the climate is good for it? >> yeah, very good. since 1999, there were no police or army force here, so it was just occupied by the farc.
and then by the farmers who tried to -- >> yeah. >> so, that's when the real violence began. >> so, really, the problems in this country pre-existed the drug trade? >> what we say here is the drug trade just made everything more. there's no judge here. there's few institutions here. >> right. >> basically, you know that the state is here just because the army is here. so, i think we're going to meet the major. anthony, this is the major. >> julio cesar gonzalez is the current mayor of miraflores, which has seen much better and much worse days. how many people in this town? >> there's around 1,500 to 2,000 in the municipality. the farc were here for 20 years, and they were the central authority here. >> you're running a subsistence farm growing plantains and not
much else. you're not eating particularly well, you're not particularly happy with the government. someone comes along and offers you a nice machine gun and a cool scarf -- >> yeah. >> especially if you're 15, 16 years old, that's a pretty attractive offer. >> of course, it is. >> even if they say you'll probably be dead by the time you're 25. >> it is. >> come on. >> it is, and they offer you a salary. >> so, what is the future of this town? [ speaking foreign language ] >> they're providing free education, but there's a lot of potential in biodiversity and ecotourism as well. >> what a lot of people say is, without the customer, there's no cocaine trade and there's no violence, right? so if the united states and europe stopped buying cocaine? >> it's so impossible, i can't think about it, if the situation where the demand is not going to be there. >> but demand in the states is down 40%. >> as long as there's a market, there will be people ready to do it.
>> the united states spends how many billions of dollars a year, paying for guns and uniforms, training, et cetera. where should they be spending it? >> i would say that the help is important, but more important is to end the war on drugs. it just, it doesn't work. >> here's my problem. if crack didn't exist, i would absolutely agree with you. but as a former cocaine addict and as a former crackhead, that is a problem. >> the thing is that people think if you think that drugs should be legalized, you're saying they're good. no, we're not saying that. we're just getting rid of one problem, the problem that the major has here. >> you're saying you're freeing up a lot of money you could divert to this. i'm with you, i agree. >> yes, we have two problems. one did -- one is drug addiction and the other is drug trafficking. we can get rid of one. we're not going to get rid of the other.
we have to deal with it forever. >> it's a beautiful country. the people here, from where i've been is nice, even the bad guys are charming. >> that is true. >> the food is delicious. the problem is the united states will never legalize drugs. it will never happen. complicated issues. >> yeah, yeah. >> so, the good people of this town could thank us for bringing in their fresh supply of coca. >> yeah. yeah. >> cerveza, coca. think nothing of it, gentlemen, it was really our pleasure. mortality mortician mortgage of all the "mort" words, and there are some doozies, that's the worst. so, we added rocket. sfx: rocket engine sfx: (countdown) 3, 2, 1 (ding) (ding) (ding) rocket
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now young restauranteurs such as musician turned chef tomas rueda are beginning to make a name for themselves in colombia. >> this is paloquemao. this is one of the biggest markets in bogota. i love this place. it's very beautiful. the colors. my mom comes here to buy flowers, my grandma also. >> did i mention that this city is over 8,000 feet up? hence the altitude sickness i'm feeling. not good. tomas comes here a few times a week for an early breakfast, which i'm hoping will make me feel better. paloquemao market has been running in one form or another since the 1940s. this place is huge. >> you want some juice? >> yeah. what do you have? >> i love the orange juice with a carrot. >> this is probably the
healthiest thing i've had in a while. >> good for the high altitude. >> yeah. >> you feel better? >> i'm feeling better every hour. >> yeah? >> first hour is killing me. >> but you have a better face. >> i didn't think i was going to make it out of the airport. >> most of the mornings, early in the mornings, 5:00 to 6:00 in the morning, i climb the mountain. >> why? >> fresh air. >> okay. >> you have to come with me. >> hell no! ain't happening. >> you want to taste some arepa? this arepa is made with corn. hola. [ speaking foreign language ] it's fantastic. i love it. >> tucked away in a back corner of the fish market is a place that serves breakfast to the market's workers and shoppers. we're talking beef short ribs simmered in an oily broth with
potatoes, salt and scallions. tomas swears by this stuff, a traditional breakfast soup from the andean region. >> okay. gracias. >> would you like chile? >> i do. >> gracias. [ speaking foreign language ] >> now we're talking. >> this is perfect. when you have a good party last night -- >> i was just going to say, this is hangover food. >> perfect. >> i know hangover food well, and this is good. there's a nice hunk of meat in there. >> yeah. >> good broth. >> yes. >> good. what's this dish called? >> beef stock. calde de -- >> rib broth. >> yes, with potatoes, of course. everything with potatoes. [ speaking foreign language ]
>> very good spanish. >> i don't speak spanish. i speak a little mexican. >> mexican. [ laughter ] ♪ ♪ >> bogota. back in the '90s, a very dangerous and violent place to be. today, not so much. today in my repeated experiences here, kind of awesome. the candelaria is the recently renovated old city where i meet up with hector abad, one of the distinguished writers and one of the most supremely talented writers in latin america. hector's recent work, a memoir called "oblivion" is about his
father, who was killed for his outpoken attempts to change things for the better. so, first of all, where are we? >> puerta falsa. this is a place where many bogotans come to eat something in the middle of the morning or in the middle of the afternoon. >> the tamales are made with chicken and pork belly combined with vegetables, rice and masa, wrapped in a banana leaf, and slow cooked for hours. this place has been serving chocolate completo to the politicians of the nearby plaza bolivar for a couple of hundred years. >> here are the tamales. >> it's beautiful. it is a thing of beauty, isn't it? >> let's see if it tastes like my mother's. >> oh, well, that's a high
standard. >> i suppose it is now. >> i was just in miraflores yesterday. >> yes? >> what economy there was was an entirely drug-based economy. now that the drugs are gone, there is no economy. it's a ghost town, a military and people sitting there staring at the space waiting for the beer to arrive, best i can understand. tell me something hopeful. >> i think we are becoming more and more conscious that this past decades of violence have been absolutely useless and that we have to change many, many, many things. >> mm-hmm. >> and so, i think it's not as good as my mother's. i'm sorry. >> well, it never is. if you removed cocaine from the equation, if you removed the drug trade as a financial engine, you would still have serious divisions over ideology here. is that improving? >> things are changing in a good direction, but very slowly, i think. you know, ten years ago in
medellin they killed 7,500 people every year. and three years ago, this number came to 700 people killed in medellin in the year, so the situation changed. >> right. >> i have only questions, i have no answers. i'm so sorry. if i were the president, i really i -- i don't know what -- >> you wouldn't know what to do. >> no, i wouldn't. i wouldn't. >> to suggest that a nation should expand its social services, do its best to lift people out of poverty, to provide medical care for everyone, as you well know, that may be, in the minds of many, as the saved the country. are those as potentially dangerous ideas as they used to be? >> well, 25 years ago my father was killed just because he was asking for these basic things
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bogota is the largest city in colombia and the economic heart of the country. about a fifth of the population lives here, many of them very well, but some not so well. it's a city with a marked north-south divide. chef tomas rueda's restaurants sit side by side in the macarena neighborhood, where the city center meets the north. ♪ >> the lunch tomas is serving us here at tabula is defined by high-quality fundamentals more than by high-concept theories. if there's a theme here, it's that ingredients this good, meticulously prepared, are the
essence of great eating. it's a beautiful space. so, how's the restaurant business in bogota? >> it's a very good business. a lot of people with money, they don't know how to cook. >> nobody cooks at home. maybe their cook does. so, they eat out a lot? >> yeah. it's a new part of our culture, everybody wants to go to restaurants. >> so, 10 years ago, 15 years ago, what, traditional, casual food? >> yeah. >> a few fine dining, you know, white table cloths served with what, french, continental or italian, but this is new? >> it's a new business, a new world. there's two great bodies of colombia food, the mixture of the culture, yeah. >> right. >> black people, indians people, white people. that mixture is beautiful. and the other one is all of this region of the mountains, of the valleys, of the rain forests, of the sea, we are like a big farm, a beautiful farm to send all these products to the world. i believe more in a beautiful carrot than a great recipe,
yeah? >> right. ♪ >> this one is a crab salad. >> right. >> and this one is made from pasta. >> thin sheets of handmade pasta are filled with ladna cheese, and finished with a chorizo sauce. mm-mmm. so, you used to be in a band. you used to be a musician, right? >> yeah, i'm still. >> you're still. so, what happened, man? how did you go from music to restaurants? >> rock and roll don't make you money. >> this is good. >> really good. >> business is good. generally speaking, the only worse idea that i think i'll try to make a living making music, is i think i'll make a living by opening a restaurant. i see why that's so popular. good stuff.
>> thank you, tony. >> tomas' take on osso bucco uses beef shank instead of veal, which is braised over vegetables and broth in a wood-fired oven. ooh, whoa, it's huge. yes. oh, yeah. >> you don't need a knife, only with the spoon. >> you're right. >> sorry. ♪ >> mm-mmm. now, do you cure this first in salt, or -- >> no! >> dry it? salt it? how? >> no. >> just fresh? >> yes. >> delicious. you would never get this off your menu. you'll have to keep it on your menu forever, right?
>> forever. oh, the best part. >> mama didn't raise no fool. ♪ >> santiago de cali, or just cali, as people call it in these piece, is a city in the southwest of colombia known for its proximity to the pacific coast and its semi-tropical temperatures, but i'm not really here for the climate. i'm here for tejo. ♪ it involves alcohol and explosives. colombian mario gallino, ex-pat will holland and their bandmates are to be my guides for this ancient and very traditional colombian sport. >> thanks, man. >> how do you play this game? i guess that's how it's done. what do you call this object?
>> el tejo. >> el tejo. >> tejo. >> and hence the name. >> exactly. tejo. >> i should be good at this. i've been throwing pots into the dish sink from across the room for years. >> you win more points if you get it in the middle without hitting anything. >> oh. >> yeah, so -- >> but that doesn't sound like any fun. >> everyone has a different style, it seems. so, you've got to do like one step and then another and swing. >> i don't think that style is going to work for me. after some is early success, it
turns out we all pretty much suck at this. not enough beer. that's my problem. time to bring in some outside muscle. >> we're going to mix in now the experts. [ speaking foreign language ] >> who am i with? i'm over here with these guys. whoa! [ speaking foreign language ] is he on my team? holy crap, two in a row? oh, no, one of those guys had to be on my team, right? >> so, the guy in the white stripy shirt, his name is el pollo viejo, which is -- >> the old chicken. >> the old chicken, right. ♪ >> i need a poultry name. he's calling himself the old chicken. i should be the enormous cock!
chicken dude is killing it. yeah, he's, every time. ♪ >> must beat the chicken. that's what i'm talking about. but i wanted something to blow up. tejo is hungry work, but the kitchen here is up to the challenge, making a colombian piccata. this is a huge selection of fried pork, pork rib, steak, casava, potatoes and deep-fried plantain. i smell food. >> oh! >> oh, thank you. oh, that's good. you know, beer, explosives and food? can't beat that.
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if bogota is colombia's financial heart, then cali is its shaking hips. people here like their music. ♪ my tejo buddies, mario and will, are the founders of a collective called on the tropica. their idea was to reinterpret the tropical music heritage of colombia. what often sounds like salsa in style is actually cumbia. ♪ if there's one type of music that can be classified as distinctly colombian, this is it. ♪
>> cumbia draws on the music of the african and indigenous european mix that makes up the country, so will and mario created something that's a long way from the pop music that's a staple here. they brought together musicians who had been famous in the scenes in the '50s and '60s, and matched them up with younger counterparts. as if the impressive amount of fried meat we ate at the tejo courts wasn't enough, we go for dinner at one of the band's favorite sports. >> the recording that we made which we did for three weeks in medellin had four musicians, so sort of big ensemble. and the musicians from, i think the youngest was 25 and maybe the oldest was 82. >> old school and new school mix? >> the idea so we can meeting not only doing music, but also exchanging lots of information about how music was made, how music was recorded, what was the spirit of the music. >> so, that's the idea, it's to get back to the roots. >> first up, the cali version of ceviche. cooked shrimp slathered in
mayonnaise and worcestershire sauce, essentially a '70s shrimp cocktail. native to the mangroves of the pacific coast, this is a staple used in everything from tamales to stews. so, it's rice and like guancha? it's not a clam. >> like a rock mollusk pretty much. >> mm-mmm. >> how is it? >> it's delicious. wow. >> so, this is like palau, specifically from pacific. this is pago rojo, steamed shrimp. >> very cool. >> and fried tomatoes. >> you find them everywhere. >> with all of that you have to accompany with ceviche. >> yeah, i'm learning that. >> it's the best way to handle this.
>> cane sugar. >> from cane sugar, it's homemade. >> what are your favorite places in colombia? >> colombia is like five countries in one. when you come to colombia, you definitely have to go to some pacifico experience, either cali or go straight to the coast. you have to have an atlantic or caribbean experience. you definitely have to have like a mountain experience, which would be like medellin or bogota. >> right. >> another would be just go to the amazon, you know, like just go to the jungle and check out what's going on. >> i'm planning a vacation. should i come to colombia? should i come to cali? >> most definitely, man. >> of course. >> you will find great music, great partying, great food, beautiful views, beautiful nature around. >> yeah, yeah, look, the country
is beautiful, we know this. but most americans, they're afraid to come. is colombia any more dangerous for a tourist than rio or puerto rico? or -- >> south central? >> i mean, my impression is no. when you go to rio, you don't wear a big watch. you don't wear an expensive suit. you don't behave like an idiot, and life is going to be good. >> like, maybe i've been lucky, but i've never been either mugged or kidnapped or robbed. most people will tell you we had an amazing time, we heard some great music, we met some beautiful girls or guys. we drank some great drinks, and we just hung out and we went to the beach and it was great and we want to come back, you know? >> there's a lot of heart here. people feel very deeply about things. it is the most welcoming country in latin america that i've been. >> salud, salud, salud.
the wayuu are a tough, autonomous tribe that's never taken a side with the government, the farc or the paramilitaries. as a result they remain independent politically and live pretty much by their own code. i'm meeting juan pablo majorca, a chef from bogota that comes to this spot on a regular basis. this is colombia, but it's a very different part of colombia. >> it's a rugged terrain, it's desert. there's not much water, so that's why the spaniards, they weren't able to colonize it. >> you've been coming here for some time. >> i became interested, because i began dealing with fresh fish, fresh lobster, fresh shrimp and for goat meat to take back to
bogota. >> is it good? >> it's very good. >> goats are important to the wayuu, as they're used for food, for bartering, and even as dowry payments. rancho owners come to the old market in riohacha to sell, slaughter and cook goat in the mornings. today we're having frichi. >> frichi's a traditional dish from the wayuu. it consists of the heart, the intestines and the offal of the goat. so, it's really fresh because they slaughter them back here. >> uh huh? >> and this is where the wayuu women cook it. so, this is really fresh and traditional. >> so, this is breakfast. >> this is breakfast for them. the frichi. >> and there's a little bit of everything in there. >> yeah, heart, we have a little bit of meat, of ribs.
>> now -- >> and it's interesting, because this one, it's for breakfast, and it's almost done where they are slaughtered. they have to eat this fresh. >> fresh, this is delicious. if not fresh, this would not be so good. >> no. >> this is where i say something that takes us seamlessly from a discussion about fresh meat to me hauling my aging carcass on to an atv, sugar bear style. ♪ tribal members of the wayuu have dual citizenship and can cross the border into venezuela to live or trade there whenever they need to. luckily for us, it means that cheap gas is easy to come by in
these parts. there are no stations as such. you just keep an eye out for the cans. >> most of this gasoline is from venezuela. it's extremely cheap. i think it's like 50 cents a gallon. >> 50 cents. >> the government subsidizes a lot of it. they're able to buy venezuelan gasoline and sell legally venezuelan gasoline in colombia. >> wow. having taken on as much gas as can be mouth siphoned in one sitting, we're off again. let me set the scene. it's hot out here, desert hot, and we plan to ride three hours along the coast to our lunch spot, and i ate salty goat innards for breakfast, and i refuse to wear a helmet or sunblock. we avoid wild donkeys and goats, and get lost more than a few times. so, a little heatstroke leads to a lot of horsing around, and we decide to open these puppies up.
well, a momentary concussion is seldom a good thing. waking up in colombia on a beach almost always is. having abandoned the epic ride, we're back where we started in the guijira at the blue sea restaurant. how come you're all clean? >> i changed. >> you brought a change of clothes? >> yeah. i'm hurting now. i'm feeling it, every minute, every hour, every month and year of my age. >> so you're ready for some casuela?
>> yes. i trust it will make me feel all better. >> much better. it's a good end to a fun day. >> you can't ask for better scenery. it's beautiful here. >> a beer. >> i need the anesthetic qualities of the local fire water. that's probably a really good idea. >> that's going to be a good start for tonight. >> a good start? i'm done. oh, man. that dog has the right idea. see, i'd be very happy if that was me right now. just like laying down in the sand with my chin out like that. man, it's so beautiful here. who comes here? >> basically tourists from colombia and a lot of backpackers that are making their way up to the north. >> right. but i mean, we saw one tourist all day. it's nice, really, it's completely off the grid. >> this used to be a fisherman village. >> there are definitely worse places to eat seafood than beachside in a fishing village, and the strength of this area lies in the variety of fish available. >> basically, like a fish chowder, made with shrimp, clams. >> right.
>> chibi chibi, which is a small kind of clam. lobster, fish -- >> yeah. >> and conch. >> oh, i need a bath. very clear sky for the caribbean. oh, yeah. oh, man. >> always a conch accompanied by lemon and coconut rice and plantain. some hot sauce in there. ♪ >> some good food, a few shots, the sounds of waves in the background, and a nice sunset. these are things in my experience that will set most things right. >> thank you to guajira. >> to colombia. >> to guajira and colombia. salud. >> cheers. >> we had good fun. >> we had good fun. >> cheers.
>> i always find colombia encouraging. they face problems more extreme and seemingly more intractable than many of us can imagine. and yet, every time i come here, it gets better. don't get me wrong, problems, serious problems remain, which is particularly heartbreaking in a country so beautiful, so generous, so proud, so eager to love and be loved back. i come back to my own country from colombia, and i think, if they can fix that, if they can make things better, then surely, there's nothing we can't do. ♪ for now, however, i'll settle
for fixing my headache. that hurt. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com peru is a country that's historically driven men mad, mad for gold, for cacao, for its magical ancient history. now, there's something else drawing outsiders to its hidden mountain valleys. we love the stuff. we obsess about it, gorge on it and fetishize it. i'm talking about chocolate, once a common treat, it's now becoming as nuanced as fine wine making the pursuit of the raw good stuff all the more difficult.