tv Fareed Zakaria GPS CNN January 31, 2016 7:00am-8:01am PST
x1 from xfinity will change the way you experience tv. . this is "gps" and welcome to all of you in the the united states and around the world. i am fareed zakaria. we have an incredible story today and the incredible former school teacher that's now the leader of the american largest trading partner. an introduce to the canada prime minister justin trudeau. the ever spreading virus that caused the white house to cause a meeting. a world health organization to redeem a committee.
we will tell you what you need to know. and you know what life is like in france 35 hour work week and six weeks of vacation, great wine and food. not quit the countries economy minister busts some myths about france. th then five years ago it was packed with protestors trying to topple a dictator. this week it was nearly empty but for protestors. what happened to equ egypt? >>. and honor kills. one of the most bar bar i can murders and a woman shot by her family because she loved the wrong person. a stunning film about one such
horrific case. first here is my take. to understand why the current conservative crack up is so confounds the establishment, you have to recognize that the party is facing two separate revolts that are taken place and one led by ted cruz and the other by donald trump. the first one is well deskrabed and it's why the right went wrong. for six decades he has said that they will promise that they will go into the big roll back government. they ran against the new deal, social security and then they railed against the great society of medicare and today it's obama care. they never actually did anything about the programs. the simple reason for this is that while americans might apose in it in theory and practice, they like the welfare state. the bulk of the government
spending is on the middle class and not the poor. whatever the reality, republicans kept promising something to the base and never delivered on it. this is led to what they call the betrayal. they're enraged that they view the washington e zab lishment as a bunch of corrupt. enter ted cruz and how did a first term senator get so far so fast? by promising to take on the party elites and finally throttle the big government. cruz declare that is he will appeal obama care and replace the income tax with a ten percent flat tax and an constitutional amendment to balance and that means hundreds of billions of dollars of spending cuts.
trump supporters on the other hand are old fashion liberals. in a powerful announcement drawing on the most resent and survey data, michael tshows tha the voting if different. tessler writes that he is among 15 percent but cruz oozes trump over o 30 points to those that hold the health care, taxes and minimum wage. he is well aware of the fact and explained that he won't touch social security and medicare and denounces high ceo salaries and promises to build infrastructure and against the free trade deals. they reflect an entirely different revolt. ever since the 1960s a part of the white and middle and working class is on the changes of the
country. they were uneasy with the 1960 and dismayed by black protestors and open violence and enraged by the tithe. in resent years it's this group of americans and many of them registered democrats that make up the core of the support for donald trump. tesler says that trump performs best among the the americans and for those that tend to evaluate whites more than the minority groups. now, could they twin votes have been prevented? perhaps if the republican party was honest decades ago and explain that the welfare state was here to stay and that the government needs free market and that the power of woman was
inevitable and official. it's rule was go mange the changes that it brought so that they develop organically and not accessive and the values. that's the role for the party that's genuinely conservative and rather than radical. for more go to cnn.com and re/f and let's get started. every year there's a country you that stands up attracting attention and admiration. this year it was not so much a nation, but a person. justin trudeau the new 44-year-old prime minister was the star f of the world economic for forum. hollywood actors and those took selfies with him. he has appointed a cabinet
that's 50 percent female. he is a liberal with plans the legalize pot, raise tax on the wealthy and take the climate change seriously. he continuing the legacy of his father that was perhaps canada's most famous prime minister. my interview was the first with a noncanadian broadcaster. . listen in. >> mr. prime minister, you campaigned that you were going to reverse canada's denial on the climate issue and a new inclusion policy in canada, tolerance even in the face of terrorism. there's a remarkable moment i remember in the campaign when there was talk about prime minister harper said one should
strip canadians who are affiliated with isis with the citizenship. you said that no the government should not have the power to determine who is canadian and not. so my question is how on the earth did you get elected? >> i spent the last few years on politics. i listened a lot and from a young age i got to opportunity to travel across the country and meet with people and listen to people and understand the values of positivity and the optimism that underscores the world view. so in this election at a time where so much has been made about the power and attacks and politics of the division and negativity as a powerful motivator to get people out to
vote, we decided that by presenting a positive vision, not only if it worked out would we be able to get elected, but we would have to kind of strong and inclusive mandate to provide a positive and good government for the canadians. so our focus on this was very much let's bring forward and want to be instead of focussing on what we're scared of. that's served us in good set. >> do you worry if there are a few more terror attacks like the one in paris and in canada itself, it would be difficult to remain the policy of in tolerance and inclusion and the welcoming of refugees? you have already slowed that down slightly. >> i think people are open to
not living in constant fear. there's terrible things in the world that want to attack and free the society. we have to make a choice on how much we're going to clothe and limit and crack down within the societies and i have a level of confidence in ordinary people -- and i want to see things work in the right way. one of the things is to keep can it citizen safe. >> one of the others is to keep
us free and true to the values. getting the balance right in a responsible way as opposed that's what people are looking for. >> when you look at the western world today, it seems as though the problems in europe do you worry that we're in another rescission? over the past month and what i have had had with canadians and people are optimistic of the challenges that are coming and the capacity to wild on them and to look at innovation and to
create great advances. yes, there are difficult times and there are many people around the world that are facing real challenges but i have tremendous confidence in our capacity as citizen to solve these challenges. >> is president obama a model? >> i think that he showed that it can provide tremendous leadership. there are problems getting that world view into policy, but i have been impressed with how he reached out and draw together a powering vision that will have long impacts into the future of the united states.
>> you have something that you remember from the time that you were four or five years old when your father was prime minister. you were not groomed to be a prime minister and even went and was a snow boarding instructor. what part of it has brought back memories the most now that you're in the job? >> just the contact with canadians. that's something that all of my life whether a school teacher or snow board instructor and you have to come to whistler. there's no time difference for americans that come can up to whistler meeting them and k34ek9ding with them on a positive outlook and trusting canadians and focussing on getting people to step up. i mean my father always
challenged us as kids but challenged canadians as well to be better than he thought that we were. i find that very much the way that he raised me to be as a person and now as a prime minister. >> he also saw himself as having a role and message larger than canada. do you believe that you have a voice that you want to spread beyond canada? >> well, typically i can say that it's not my place to tell anyone what they should or should not do. i think canada has a model that works fairly well at a time where people are looking how to create a successful opportunity where there's amounts for people to be able to succeed. we want to be positive players in the world. it's nothing that we can improve on everyone but if we can
showcase and then it is to be angry and mean, i think that's a important lesson to share with the world and glad to be sharing it. >> what a pleasure to have you have. real pleasure. next on "gps" everything that you need to know about the virus and the scariest part of the pandemic. it tells us how unprepared for for the next one. the microsoft cloud allows us to access information from anywhere. the microsoft cloud allows us to scale up. microsoft cloud changes our world dramatically. it wasn't too long ago it would take two weeks to sequence and analyze a genome. now, we can do a hundred per day. with the microsoft cloud we don't have
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the virus is spreading and it's a pandemic. this once virus is found in well over 20 countries and then the virus is a minor medical hiccup but they warn pregnant woman not to travrl el to the the danger zone. they're investigating between a deadly disorder and where babies are born with abnormally small heads. pleasure to have you on sonya.
>> thanks for having me. >> so can this spread to the united states? >> yes, it probably will. we have already had other viruss that are carried by the same mosquitos, and it's prettily likely that it will take hold in the u.s. at some point. >> when you look at things like other mosquito born illness, they don't spread like wild fire in the u.s. like they do in south america, why? >> well, the places -- the americans do not live in crowded cities like brazil. in the places that we have the vectors and those that carry the diseases, people don't live that closely together, so we have fewer people in those places for one thing. it's also the way that we live. we have electricity and we have ac and go inside and we have screens on the doors and protect us with bites.
so we don't get exposed to those like in the slums would be. >> sometimes strange things cause the diseasing to spread. you point out that the houses crisis in florida actually help it spread. why? >> well, during the the crisis we had a lot of abandoned homes. we had a lot of empty pools and gardens and they filled up with water and nobody was home to notice and let in the mosquito inspectors and then we had the first epidemic in florida and five percent of the population of key west was found to have been exposed. >> el salvador has told it's woman not to get pregnant for two years and others have issued similar kinds of warnings and not extreme. is this an over reaction? >> at this point, i don't know that it is.
we don't know enough about the connection between zika virus and the horrible birth defect. cannot tell you have it until it's too late to do the best test. you can see if you have it within the first five days of infection, but you don't have symptoms then and you're going to go out and do the the blood test. we don't have a good way to track the disease and we have no treatment for it or any vaccine for it. o so it's really only going to be nine months later when you have the baby that you realize it and that this thing had happened to you. at this point and not getting pregnant it's an incredible health warning. i have not heard of anything like that before. we think of the pan dem you cans causes the death rates to go up. in this case, this could be one that has an opposite affect and birth rates might fall zplch.
>> so this is happening because of trade and travel and people moving around. 300 branding infections over the last years. what's the solution? we're not going to wind back the clock and not travel and goods are going to be moving from place to place. what should we be doing? >> well, we need to do a surveillance. now, we don't know which one is causing the epidemic. we know where this is going to happen because we know how it happens. we know in places like rapid urbanization and intense life style production and a lot of air conditions and all of these different ways that they can emerge. we know that's how it happens. we can look at a map and see where are the hot spots that this is going to occur and we can do intense surveillance in those and people are starting to do that, and i think that's something that we really need to
step up in the future. >> do we need to in countries like the united states and epha different development and response. >> there's a bio medical response to the disease outbreaks and that's to kind of isolate the cause and the mosquito in the this case and the virus and target it with the chemical and drugs but what we're seeing with a lot of these diseases is that they're moving into wildlife or livestock into the human populations and then large scale factors, so we really need sort of a collaborative approach and we need veterinarians and political scientists as well as the bio medical experts to come together and start a much more collaborative approach to solving them. >> the stacks are so high.
thank you so much. >> thank you. next on "gps" we know that the french have wine and great cheese. what about the tech start ups? how about the measure might be the silicon valley of europe. n . and give her the strength and energy to stay healthy. who's with me?! yay! the complete balanced nutrition of great tasting ensure. with 9 grams of protein and 26 vitamins and minerals. ensure. take life in! but you shouldn't forget yoforget this. c. hep c is a serious disease. left untreated it can lead to liver damage and potentially liver cancer. but you haven't been forgotten. there's never been a better time
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now for a what in the world segment. when you think of france, you probably think of fine wine, great works of art but not a economic power house and then 35 hour work weeks and six weeks of paid vacation and labor on rest every now and again. a week ago you i met someone of the world economic forum that painted a much different picture of the country. the economic's minister. >> france is the next big thing. it's about innovation. >> he points to facts about france's economy. take labor productivity.
that's the measure of how much the average worker can produce in an hour. france has one of the highest european union he points out, and that 35 hour work week. >> 35 hours a week is not a reality because on average people work 37. >> the french work more hours than the germans and much less than the americans according to the oced. what about unions? it's sometimes scenes across that they're always striking and while the unions in france are powerful and they do not actually have many members. less than eight percent of the workers are unionized and far less than the united kingdom and actually less than the united states. perhaps it turns out that it's a nation that's becoming a world wide hub for the technology
industry. >> we're number one and last year we created 4,000 start ups. >> at the show in las vegas and that's a key of the technology, nearly one-third of the start ups were french according to fortune. paris plans to host what hopes to become the world's largest. >> it's a french word and not a american one. >> state control is also of the economy and france is a long tradition of the state being deeply involve in the economy. >> you're right. sometimes you have over interference and difference from the government, and i mean that's something that we have to stream line. >> they're trying to push through the measures to spur frances growth rates and curve
the high unemployment and that's twice the level of the united kingdom. for all of us that love france, let's hope he succeeds. next on "gps" believe it or not it's been five years since the arab's spring. during those early heavy days of the revolution, dictators were exposed and mass protests sprung up all over the world. what does the region have to show for it today? not much. we will explore when we come back. (ding) (ding) (ding) (ding) (ding) (ding) sfx: (countdown) 3, 2, 1 (ding) (ding) (ding) rocket
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the possibility of a flare swas almost always on my mind. thinking about what to avoid, where to go... and how to deal with my uc. to me, that was normal. until i talked to my doctor. she told me that humira helps people like me get uc under control and keep it under control when certain medications haven't worked well enough. humira can lower your ability to fight infections, including tuberculosis. serious, sometimes fatal infections and cancers, including lymphoma, have happened; as have blood, liver, and nervous system problems, serious allergic reactions, and new or worsening heart failure. before treatment, get tested for tb. tell your doctor if you've been to areas where certain fungal infections are common, and if you've had tb, hepatitis b, are prone to infections, or have flu-like symptoms or sores. don't start humira if you have an infection. raise your expectations. ask your gastroenterologist about humira. with humira, control is possible.
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current regime is just as impressive that was deposed and some say that it's worst. the results of much of the rest of the arab spring is similarly bleak and they're in chaos and civil war. the only thing to do is the bright spot. what went wrong. joining me from harvard university and it's the professor of the government school and the author of the arab ways and reform. in london the international correspondent based in cairo. they covered the spring for the washington post. starting with you looking on the ground, isn't it fair to say that the the regime is more repressive among the dimensions that was deposed? >> i think that's very fair to
say. five years on and just before this anniversary, we were seeing mass arrests and people being arrested for starting facebook groups and people's homes being raided near the square and check the facebook and organized the protests. there are laws that criminalize and we're seeing the faces that really led egypts revolution in 2011 and all of those faces are in jail. >> the regime will say that they have to do this because there's a serious threat from what they regard as terrorists organizations and they regard the muslim brotherhood and it's a nice face of the islamic jihad terrorism movement. is there much evidence of that? how would you describe what they're doing? >> well, certainly the government thinks that it's confronts a terrorist threat. look, they reallilely are are.
if you look at t what is happening and there's a peninsula province in the northeast of the country, there's a great deal of it and a terrorist organization that claims claims aleague and they have been challenging the authority of the e ggyptian state before was over thrown. one thing that we know about revolutionary people and the kind that egypt and yemen and libya experience, is that it's companied by state authority and an explosion of violence and in stability. it's clear that the egyptian military saw this and it was existing during the time. they saw this and they felt that the egyptian state was on the verge of collapses. a lot of their repressive
actions today need to be understood in that light that they're basically seeing themselves as soaring up the egyptian state and the season of in stability and that's claimed so many others and recently and most tragically syria. >> layla, when you talk to people that are out in the square and millions of people and hundreds of thousands that we saw. when we would see the up close interviews and it's young democratic minded state, where have they gone and what do they think happened to those people? >> that time we saw a you society and i remember when we stepped down and speaking to a 60-year-old professor and we want in the square and saying that finally we had had a voice. today this is a very divided
society. people are afraid and becoming syria and becoming yemen. they don't want blood on the streets in cairo. you have a lot of people saying listen i want to take some stability than full freedoms. i want someone to take control and the reigns here. the state has done a good job of scaring people. there are fears about the cyanide as they said. there are fears about terrorism and civil war, but also there have been what some have described as crimes on the state. state violence like what we saw in nearly two years ago and a thousand of people were killed to break up p and it's a time that all opponents and critics seem to be being jailed. many of the people that we spoke to back then and stayed on the path of reform and change even opposing the brotherhood and now the military, a lot of those
young leader are in jail. >> this question that you asked layla about and where the revolutions are, it's really difficult for me to think about egypts revolution without alternatively feeling really stupid or really callus. i remember being back on your show in january 2011 and believing with with every cell in my body that egypt could and would move to a liberal democracy. now that that dream has really come apart, we can come up with multiple reasons why it was not a rational one to begin with. everything that i was taught approximate in graduate school should have taught me to not to optimistic. i feel really stupid when i think about how optimistic i was. when you think that look it
could never have succeeded and all that they can hope for is some kind of stability, you feel really callus and really brutal because at layla pointed out many of the young people that were at the forefront and going for a more hopeful egypt and country around the region are now behind bars. it's a very sad fact of life that everybody is excluded. not just islams but liberals and seculars, they're also excluded from the government. it's the entire population is going to be al nated and what kind of politics will emerge from that? it cannot be pretty. >> thank you for being on. next up an assassination aserchlt. a woman shot in the face by her father for what? falling in love. we will bring you that story and the struggle against honor killings when we come back.
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four weeks from tonight the world will have a new best picture oscar winner, best actor and all the rest. there are a lot of movies i like this year but one of my favorite films of 2015 will be up for a documentary award and i want to tell you about it. it's called "a girl in the river, the price of forgivene forgiveness". when a girl or woman is killed because she's been believed to have brought dishonor to her family. what were spur someone to kill a family member? usually the women or girls are killed for either falling in love with the wrong person or having been the victim of rape.
film maker is bringing this b barbarian act out in her film. you have a character, 18-year-old girl, and she's found almost dead in a river. how did that happen? >> she wanted to get married to a young man out of her choice and her uncle opposed it. they took her straight into the dead of the night into the woods. >> and this is her uncle and her father. >> uncle and her father. >> and shocked her. >> in the face. >> in the face. threw her in the river. she survived. miraculo miraculously, the water brought her consciousness and grolled ot of the river bed, found a fuel station. called emergency services and
landed up in a hospital. you can imagine, this is a small town. the services worked. the emergency services came and the hospital was able to operate on her almost immediately. the police then apprehended her father and uncle. >> and her father is unrepentive. he essentially tried to kill his own daughter and he thinks he was doing the right thing. >> absolutely. in fact, in jail, i speak with him and he says i would do it again. i would kill him and her and she brought dishonor to the family. how dare she run away. i looked after her and this is not something i could have tolerated. >> and interestingly, he thinks about it as islam. there's nothing about this in islam. it's some kind of tribal custom that exists in parts of pakistan but he's refused it in his mind. >> absolutely. in his mind he was doing something through culture or
religion. when i asked him in his ideology that was the case. however, honor killings are not part of islam at all. a religion that gives women a lot of rights. and i think one of the biggest problems in pakistan and the country, honor killings are prevale prevalent. there are around the world 20,000 women being killed a year in honor crimes. in pakistan alone, the reported number is 1,000. the unreported number could go up to two or three thousand because honor killings are hidden from the world. a father kills the daughter, the body is never found and no one ever goes to jail for it. even when they do, there's a loophole in the law that allows for a wife to forgive her husband parents to forgive their son if they kill the sister. >> what i'm struck by, she seems willing to forgive her family. she reconciles with them. >> she fought the case. she wanted to fight the case.
the laws are weak on honor killing and society pressure was so much she was forced to forgive. >> you have some good news at the beginning of it all which the prime minister come out in favor and talked about the movie. >> i think with an academy award nomination the minister made a bold statement. he wants to work with all the stakeholders to eliminate honor killings and that's a very, very bold statement from a prime minister who seldom talks about women's issues. i feel he wants to leave a legacy in pakistan that includes women and he's been making a number of gestures that seem that he wants to empower women in pakistan. >> thank you so much. fantastic movie. >> next on gps, the oldest democracy in the world relies on some really old technology. i'll tell you why it needs to change when we come back.
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refugee crisis, u.s. presidential candidates repeatedly warn of an immigration infwluks. in fact, the united states does have more immigrants than any other country with 14% of the population having been born in a foreign country. what about the world at large? it brings me to my question this week. what percentage of the global population resides in a country different from the one they were born in? 3%, 6%, 9%, 12%? stay tuned and we'll tell you the correct answer. this book is the one i mentioned at the start of the show. where the right went wrong. he has great respect for conservative ideas which is why this intelligent history of republican ideology and politics is so compelling. now for the last look, we are just one day away from the iowa caucusings -- caucuses when the
american voters begin selecting their next president. they find when americans finally do go and cast their ballots on november 8th, many will do so on voting machines prone to error. 43 states use voting machines that will be at least 10 years old in 2016. polling places in 14 states will be relied on voting machines that are at least 15 years old. how many of you are using cell phones or computers that are 15 years old? america has the world's oldest constitutional democracy, richest country and leading technology power. surely, we can do better than this. the correct answer to the gps challenge question is a. according to the united nations, in 2015 roughly 3% of the world's population were living in a country other than where they were born. the number has grown by more
than 40% in the last 15 years and two-thirds of all migrants now live in just 20 countries. thanks to all of you for being part of my program this week. we'll see you next week. >> hey, good morning. i'm brian skelter. what a week. it's time for a special edition of reliable sources. >> they can't toy with me like they toy with everybody else. >> donald trump verses fox news. a slow burning fire exploding this week in a trump-free iowa debate. >> let's address the elephant not in the room tonight. >> while republicans ranked number 2-7 on stage, the g.o.p. front runner hosting his own rival event just miles away. >> when you're treated badly, you have to stick up for your rights. >> playing out on the national stage, a battle between the two titans of the american riot. trump and fox