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tv   The Wonder List With Bill Weir  CNN  March 20, 2016 7:00pm-8:01pm PDT

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dukakis never made it in. a young woman leads me through an old city away from the bustle and lights to the part of havana that does not serve dak rees to tourists, the part where spanish colonial meet the zombie apocalypse, the part where she grew up. but in the dark rubble, instead of fear, there is love. instead of anger, instead of shame, i find pride. let me ask you, because as a
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first-timer, as an american coming from the outside, i look at this city and i think, oh, it's so tragic how it's falling apart, it's crumbling. and this place could be so beautiful if the politics were different. as a cuban, does that make sense? >> i'm not a politic person pero -- how can i explain? >> an explanation of cuba. this is exactly what i came looking for. an explanation of this forbidden island full of neighbors we do not know, just as they brace for an american invasion. ♪ my name is bill weir and i'm a storyteller. i've reported from all over the
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world and i have seen so much change. so i made a list of the most wonderful places to explore right before they change forever. this is "the wonder list." ♪ i've got to be honest, i boarded the 40-minute flight to cuba expecting to find 10 million pent-up capitalists waiting on the other side. 10 million freedom-craving small d democrats eager to turn their feral paradise back into a but what blew my mind was this cold war kid.
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>> never thought i'd see a day when i would be driving past the u.s. embassy in havana in a 1957 fuchsia ford fair lane. but hey, even the communist have to admit that havanaldn't be havana without a little bit of detroit. ♪ funny how good old capitalist steel turned out to be the best investment here. whoever kept grandpa's car running with cuban ingenuity, 40 bucks an hour, twice what the average cuban makes in a month. but that economy is changing. and there's a lot more to this place than old cars and forbidden cigars. but coming in, i didn't know that. see, when i was a boy, cuba was an enemy, too close for comfort. cuba equalled duck and cover and
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soviet missiles and a scary, shameful place known as the bay of pigs. so now that i'm in, it seems only fitting to start in the bay of pigs. >> fighting continues. >> it was here in '61 when 1500 cuban exiles tried to take their country back from a communist named fidel. they were trained by america and it was a complete mess. for one thing, the cia helped pick an invasion route with one road. ocean son that side, swamp on that side. the old world war ii bombers they used missed every target. their ships ran into either coral reefs for fidel's air force and their cover was blown so badly a local radio station broadcast the exile's every
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move. mercenaries made it this far. the sign says, a monument to one of the most spectacular failures in military history. ♪ but fish know nothing about politics. crabs are clueless about communism, coral can't mount a revolution. so down here, it's almost like the cold war never happened. overfishing is a problem since many cubans can only afford to
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eat what they catch. what protected reefs like this are among the best in the world. and here is where the irony gets thick. since castro was a scuba diver, poisoned web suits and s shells are among the ways that america plotted to kill him. but this turned out to be one big reason america and cuba have any dialogue at all. fish know no politics, right? >> exactly. exactly. no borders. >> no borders. >> and it goes beyond fish. it's mig tore birds and even mantis. >> mark sharks? >> sharks. >> it's a nice office you have. >> exactly. >> jesse and erik are cuban marine biologists. fernando is using science to trump ideology. he used castro's love of marine
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life to open a dialogue years before the politicians so he credits manatee diplomacy with the change in cold war tone. >> i think we have a lot to do with that. our science diplomacy, breaking down barriers. from my perspective, i'm a florida resident. so my work here in cuba is selfish as well. >> you're downstream. >> i'm downstream. so whatever happens, if cuban reefs are not well-protected, florida suffers. the gulf of mexico suffers. new jersey suffers. >> florida is just 90 miles away but reefs this healthy are impossible to find there anymore. american coastlines simply have too many people, too many chemicals, sunscreen, boat fuel, fertilizer, pesticide. what worries you the most about these waters? >> it's really tourism. cuba gets 3 million tourists a year. the state of florida gets 92 million tourists each year. >> we cannot eliminate
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completely this source of income to the country because it's important but we have to do something good to protect the coral and ecosystems. >> no cuban wants this to be the next cancun. the way this tropical gem changes may be much different. you know what american brand generates the most buzz in cuba today? it's not hilton or marriott or mcdonald's. it's airbnb. >> look at this. this is right out of old man and the sea right here. a gorgeous little fishing village, rustic boats and here's our hotel, cause sa ernesto. >> seafood fresh and beer cold.
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all for around 30 bucks a night. since the cuban government allowed average folks to open restaurants and casas, they are getting a little nibble of capitalism. it's tough to open a store, so they still buy groceries from roaming vendors. but those tourist dollars go a long way. and a gentleman who owns our guest house can even afford american parts for his 1925 chevy. in fact, he's doing so well, he just turned down a rich foreigner of havana who offered to buy it for $45,000. see, a chevy man is a chevy man. so all of you collectors who think you're going to come here and buy a classic for cheap --
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♪ at the edge of the everglades of cuba, a placed
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called zapata swamp, 50 cents will let you dangle a catfish over a pile of cuban crocodiles. ♪ which is kind of fun because unlike their american cousins, they can leap like lebron james and bite through a 2 by 4 like it's celery. but it is also kind of alarming because this is a critical indangered species in the wild. yet cuba breeds them by the thousands in here and sells them as meat. of the few wild crocs left in the swamp, many have been getting busy with american
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crocodile crocodiles. to guarantee the survival of this distinctly cuban species, the government keeps them caged off from america. >> that's troubling, it is, to see crocodiles in hatcheries, but their focus is a good one and may potentially release some of these crocodiles but cuba is changing. the hatchery is kind of a sign of the past. >> crossing the countryside, everything is a sign of the past. ♪ havana gets most of the attention but more than 80% of cubans are country folk who eat what they grow. but if you're going to be a subsis stants farmer, there are few places better than vin where
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there is cultural magic. >> this is some of the most fertile land. >> that's my guide and translator jose on the ride. dorian is in the middle and like his father and father's father, he has one of the most beautiful farms i have ever seen bursting with papaya and banana. but on the 12 acres the government gave him, this place is so cigar leaf. while it can sell for 1,000 bucks a piece, for a guy who only knows homegrown hand-rolled, dorian deserves a -- >> let me buy you a cigar. i've always wanted to say that.
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a hadn't. nice, huh? >> muy bueno. >> so what are your thoughts about maybe the end of the embargo with america? but the demand for these will skyrocket if americans can suddenly buy your cigars, do you think you can keep up? would you have to stop growing other crops? but imagine in the government got out of the way entirely. imagine the high-end tourists
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who would flock to this place to taste his wears the way wine lovers sip and dine among the vines. you should have americans come and taste your tobacco and have a little restaurant right there. okay. all right. right. well, we'll go into business together. we have to change you into a capitalist but we can do it. honestly, he seems more interested in calm rad ree than capital gains. same goes for the folks in the nearby village. more farmers/inn keepers who fought in the revolution. how's life these days compared to then? can i ask how old you are?
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my god, you look 40. what's your secret? the house is just amazing. beds are comfortable, dinners were delicious. but, more importantly, kenya and her family made me feel welcome and homely. his daughter-in-law kenya runs a guest house so popular, they are building another while raising two daughters. two girls. two girls. i have one girl. olivia.
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oh, no. almost every house on their humble street is a cause sa particular with trip adviser ratings and a tiny hint of competition between neighbors. see, that's not a good business plan. i can tell you're cuban, not american. just so you know, if too many americans come, they could say, i want colder beer. i want better accommodations. it could change your life. >> we get nervous when americans
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come. that's true. >> well, i apologize on behalf of -- [ laughter ] while the trickle of americans turns into a stream in a countryside, they are bracing for a full-on flood back in havana. but are they ready? it's like finding an archeological ruin. you want to go in? >> yeah. can we? >> yeah. sure. man: dear mr. danoff,
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. ♪ most cubans would blame the american blockade. most americans would blame the castros and communism. either way, there is no denying that the paris of the caribbean has become the world's sexiest ruin. ♪ case in point, my first night in havana, we're having complicated cocktails at a hip new place and up pulls antique water truck, a guy with a hose fills a tank behind the bar and i'm thinking, this is not abu codhabi. we're in the tropics.
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havana's plumbing is so old and leaky, there are massive puddles that breed mosquitos so they ration the city's flow. >> if you look around, 80% of the city you see was built between 1900 and 1958. now you have a city built in a very short period, very fast, very well but now it's aging. >> right. >> and today, the average age of the houses in havana are 75. >> miguel is a renowned professor of architecture and he watched his city crumble even faster since the late '80s when their soviet union sugar daddies went south. now new laws allow cubans to finally own real estate, one house in the stay, one in the country. apartments along the malecon are starting to skyrocket but most can be bought for dirt cheap. >> my former house was 1800 square feet and the value was 16,000 pesos.
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so in dollars, it's about 650. >> $650 for an 1800-square-foot house? >> three bedrooms, two bathrooms, et cetera. >> try fixing up that house when supplies only come from the government or the black market. >> suppose you want to paint your house. a gallon of paint would cost you $5. and around $20 a month. >> that's a quarter of your salary for a gallon of paint. cubans enjoy free education and free health care. for the vast network of family doctors, they have lower infant mortality than americans and, according to some statistics, longer life spans. look at that. it's incredible. it's like finding an archeological ruin. >> do you want to go in? >> can we? >> yeah.
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sure. >> but most earn that government sala salary 20 bucks a month so too many are forced to spend those long lives in places like this. look at this. this is a designer architect, which is lovely and tragic because independent architect is not a legal profession yet. >> sadly, i have to work with the mason because the mason can't have a license to work and fix the building but as an
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architect i can't. it is not legal. i have to work with a government institution. >> he is allowed to sell real estate so he uses that crack in the system to help people rebuild the best they can. but as an architect, as somebody who loves history, who loves design, what goes through your mind and your heart when you see a place like this? >> well, i am -- as a cuban, i am sad, of course. but as an architect, this is an amazing opportunity. for me, this is not a ruin. this is a gold mine. also, drugs, prostitution, problems obviously exist. >> people are amazing. we walked right into -- >> everybody was kind, everybody was nice. we are in one of the poorest areas of the city. so that tell a lot about the cuban society. it's like a welcome. we can do something with this. >> right. right. >> that attitude, a little
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example of resolving general doe, the cuban way of resolving when there is never enough of everything. for example, this is a filling station for disposable lighters. need a tow truck? fat chance. but plenty of strangers will happily stop and push. and if you need a nail, well, you just have to find a piece of scrap lumber and pull. you've got this amazing opportunity to go do design and architectural work in america, right? >> yeah. >> what was it like the first time you walked into a home depot? >> oh, my goodness. that is my vision. >> just to have a box of screws for you is an impossible luxury. >> yeah. many options. if we don't have the options, it makes me crazy. >> so how long before there's a
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home depot in havana, do you think? >> hopefully next year. >> really? i mean, realistically, though, do you see a day where that's possible? >> well, we need to change a lot of concepts in terms of supplies, in terms of other -- the embargo is a big restriction. >> yeah. but even if the u.s. gave a big company like home depot the green light, the cuban government will always demand 51% ownership of any foreign business. how many ceos do you know who would take that bet when havana can't even promise running water? maria is among the officials in charge of preserving and restoring old havana and she's a bit of a buzz kill for those who think this place is about to become the new miami.
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beyond the basic infrastructure, she says cuba isn't ready for the social impact of an american invasion while the influence of american money is what worries miguel. >> let's improve this but the cuban way. >> but can you improve it without a huge influx of american cash? >> well, cuba demands today a big influx of foreign investment. it is estimated by the government that about $2 billion are necessary. so, okay, bring the investment. but don't say, okay, this is open. do what you want. no, no, no. >> right. >> let's do it according to us. >> so even after the castros are a memory of the cuban renaissance may take a while, pooeling only the kind of tourists who appreciates a
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♪ for most tourists who dip into havana for a day or two, this is the kind of music they are most likely to hear.
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for lovers of the classics -- ♪ the havana symphony will occasionally fill a place like the cathedral plaza with free music for the masses. on this night, chinese sensation lang lang is there. his steinway is the first american-made piano alowed in since the revolution and leading the symphony, a conductor from baltimore. so the government is starting to relax, right? well, maybe when it comes to chi could you ski. but when it comes to more rebellious music, that is a lot more complicated. ♪
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this is danay suarez, the young woman so eager to show me that crumbling place where she grew up. as an american coming from the outside, i look at this city and i think, this place could be so beautiful if the politics were different. as a cuban, does that make sense? she's a singer and rapper, so i expect her to draw partial truth on which was left in rambles. but she doesn't. ♪ after being discovered on youtube, she has recorded in america, performed for sold-out stadiums in south america. but when it comes to spreading
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her brand across cuba, she's at the mers ree of the government's ministry of culture and the island's primitive internet. >> you can't download videos or nothing and my mom and my father sometimes they don't know about my work. they don't know about my concerts outside of the country because they can't see the new -- >> right. so it's not a matter of censorship. it's not the government keeps people off the internet. it's just the internet is so weak. is that the case? >> i haven't found no censorship. i read "the miami herald" known for saying things that the cuban government disagrees with but i can read it. you can open up "the new york times," "the washington post." there is right there no censorship whatsoever. >> right. you just have to be able to afford it.
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>> right. >> you hungry? let's get some food. >> a few years back, rap music began to trickle in from miami, a genre well-suited to danay's skills. >> you like rap? you say -- you use rhymes and you use words. no? the same. if you sing like that, you can say -- >> but the whole rap scene made the cuban government very nervous. ♪
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♪ >> what worries you the most about the fast changes in cuba? >> i worry about if we have private property, maybe one day we can sell guns. i worry about -- >> you worry about ending up like america where everybody needs a gun to protect our private property? >> yes. yes. because that's why in cuba right now we have great boxing. [ laughter ] >> people get punched but no one gets shot? >> yes. no one gets shot.
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under an old car under a blazing sun. hey, jose, the first one says, can you name the three greatest accomplishments of the cuban revolution? si, he says. science, sports and the arts. ♪ right. but can you name the three greatest failures? si, says he says. not long ago a joke like that would have gotten him locked up in one of fidel's prisons. but things are changing. you can spot the pockets of havana where people are obviously getting help from relatives in miami, islands of new wealth in a sea of resolviendo. ♪
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it looks like a trendy boutique you might see in soho or mel rose district of los angeles and then right across the street, you have people raising chickens on their balcony. ♪ how is life in havana these days? >> really hard, man. >> it's hard? >> yeah. some people think change is crucial. i hope so. >> you hope so? you don't think so? >> maybe for business for the government. >> uh-huh. >> but for the people, i don't know. more young people in government.
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more revolution. >> new ideas. >> yeah, maybe that. maybe in a few years, good. >> really? >> yeah, man. >> i came here expecting to find that sentiment everywhere. but to my surprise, so many seemed proud of the cuban system, warts and all. and many like josue cast a wary eye towards the american dream. >> you've lived in america? >> yeah. i lived in miami for seven years. >> for seven years. and that didn't convince you that capitalism is the way to go, that freedom and democracy is the better way? >> you can call it anything you want but how -- what do we do with it? a lady used to work with my wife, she said to her once, freedom is that i can buy anything i want. i'm like, okay, this is very shallow, you know. >> right. >> freedom for me goes beyond material things, you know.
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i have a friend who used to have a huge, very beautiful nose and i met her in the streets and almost didn't recognize her when i got to miami because everyone wants to get surgery and everyone wants to look the same and it's all about what you're driving. i know a guy who was driving a maserati living with his mom. >> sure. yeah. >> that hurt me really bad in miami to see a lack of soul in this place, you know, and i was paying 150 bucks for cable because i wanted one channel in particular and you're paying a bunch of money for television is still going to get commercials. freedom is somehow compromised. >> interesting. >> again, i don't want to watch that. so, in a way, it's the same. >> so you see socialism as freedom from commercials? >> yeah. >> and then freedom from cable bundles, freedom from -- >> a lot of things that you don't feed. >> plastic surgery? >> yeah. all of these things that i would
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rather have less material and more spiritual, more on the cultural side. >> so let me come at you like a proud american and one, you know, who grew up in the cold war. capitalism built these spectacular buildings of havana. communism let them go to hell. communism broke this city. it's a glorious mess. is that not fair? >> it would be fair but we have to expand on it. >> josue fully admits that their system is a bureaucratic mess but he believes the root cause of cuba's misery is the giant neighbor to the north. >> we call it embargo. it's been hurting us a lot. there's david and goliath metaphor used and over and over before. >> america is the gol lie yacht? >> it's the goliath and it's right there and i think it's everybody's fault.
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♪ down here, birthplace of the daquiri, a statue holds hemingway's birth spot. if it came back to life, he'd probably pick a new favorite bar. he'd snort at the selfie takers and throw sponge bob into the
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street and go back to lookout farm where even today everything is just like he left it. ♪ because papa thought he'd be back. back in his favorite boots, reading his favorite books, he wrote the old man in the sea on this machine, under the trophy he shot. so surely he would have packed them if he knew he was leaving cuba forever. but like so many, hemingway thought the revolution would blow over and americans would be right back. well, he was just off by a half-century or so. it's amazing being in here. it's so well-preserved. >> this is probably one of the best preserved places that he had. >> most visitors are only allowed to peak in the windows but these are hemingway
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grandsons. >> so that's greg, our father. and that's our uncle pat. >> since their stepmom left this place to the cuban people, they are not here as heirs but guests. look at all of the books man. is this his office or just another study? >> this is the library, i think. >> library. >> yes. gary cooper used to nurse his hea hangovers on this couch right here. >> is that right? >> yeah. >> hemingway holed up here for 20 years so the house has manly nicknacks, mementoes of war and his complicated psyche. >> this is a bit of archeology here. >> he would keep track of his weight? >> obsessed with it. >> you have a complicated family history but do you have any sense of ownership here? this should be ours? we should be able to come and go as we please? >> i wouldn't want to live in a
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house like this because it's too much of an attraction for people. >> that attraction will only get bigger as more americans come. but more important are all the cubans who fled their comfortable homes certain they'd be right back. >> my parents had a crazy story. they left cuba in 1961 as peter pan migrants. so these were kids that, during the height of the cuban revolution, were sent away by their families to live with family in the united states. >> and their parents said we're going to send you to the states until this blows over? >> yeah. uh-huh. >> and then never came back for years? >> my parents never came back. >> fernando is one of 2 million cuban americans and like so many, he grew up yearning to know his homeland but was held back by loved ones who still carry the pain of the revolution. you must have relatives who would freak out if they knew you were here now, right? >> my great uncle spent 16 years in prison here in cuba being
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involved with counter revolutionary activity. he probably would have the biggest issue because of what he went through but even my grandmother who had to send her kids away and leave her homeland, she's very supportive of my work. she understands that i'm a bring, a link to what was. >> today, the united states of america is changing its relationship with the people of cuba. >> i see cubans have a lot of hope, which is very exciting. december 17th, 2014, is not only edged in my mind but a day when we could finally have some hope. i found that hope over and over across the island. but it was always hope tempered with cautious worry. >> america is here, cuba is here. it doesn't make any sense to visit cuba or to come to havana. >> you've got to love the irony of posters, the anti-capitalist
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being sold in a market like this, right? >> exactly. >> that says it all, doesn't it? >> we can't just be stuck. we need to go forward. so it's part of history. >> a little by communist, a little bit capitalist. >> yeah. that's why the huge chance that we have to create some interest. hopefully better. hopefully we don't have to say capitalism, socialism. we just a cuban society. >> cuban society. one of a kind. i say farewell to yoandy and a market bursting with cuban creativity and i can't help but wonder what would be possible if they had all of the paint tools and freedom in the world. i came here to find people desperately wanting the american dream. instead i found people fiercely proud of the cuban soul. maybe the next generation
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doesn't have to pick one or the other. maybe they can share. for eight years, you've been a heartbeat away from the oval office. a loyal vice president. >> carry the fight and we shall win! biding your time, waiting your turn. you know the path to power. and you think you know the rules.

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