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tv   Vital Signs with Dr. Sanjay Gupta  CNN  May 7, 2016 11:30am-12:01pm PDT

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daughter. he approached her in her car, shot her multiple times and killed her. a bystander at that location tried to intervene, tried to help. he was also shot and injured. the next day here in this parking lot, the suspect shot three people, killing one. a short time later at another close by parking lot, approaching again another woman in her car shooting and killing her. so what do we know about the suspect? 62-year-old eulalio tordil. he is a federal enforcement law officer. he was placed on administrative leave after his wife ordered a restraining order against him. he's expected if court on monday. fred? >> all right, horrible situation. thank you so much. charisse pham. i'm fredericka whitfield. "vital signs with dr. sanjay gupta" is next.
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♪ if you could do something for 15 minutes that helped reduce stress and improve your mood, wouldn't you be up for it? i know i would, especially since it's pretty easy. simply spend time with an animal. this is "vital signs." i'm dr. sanjay gupta. the benefits of animal-assisted therapy have been well documented, everything from lower anxiety to reducing heart disease. this connection may even be hormonal. when we lock eyes with our dogs it releases oxitocin, a powerful neurotransmitter linked to your mood. maybe it's no surprise that animal therapy and dogs in particular are so popular in hospitals all over the world. it's early morning in atlanta, georgia.
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lisa kinsle is getting ready for work. and so is casper. a little breakfast, a little grooming, then it's time to put on his work uniform. he does this routine four times a week as a full-time employee with children's health care of atlanta. he has his own badge. he's even on call. >> is he in work mode right now. when casper has his vest on, and he knows he's working, he is this very calm demeanor. >> when the vest is on, he's a different -- >> he knows he has a job to do and he does it really well. >> casper and lisa arrive at scottish wright hospital just after 7:30 in the morning. at the hospital entrance, casper takes the lead. >> first time you sort of made rounds with casper, what was
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that like? you're walking around with casper. what was the reaction from patients, staff, anyone? >> i probably cried every day. for my job i was not on the front lines previously. >> come on, good boy. >> all of a sudden i have casper and i'm going into a patient room and meeting families. >> hi. i'm lisa. this is casper. >> hi, casper. >> and their reaction, how touched they were, how thankful they were. so all of a sudden i was on the front lines feeling like i was a part of -- and we are a part -- of the whole clinical team. >> hey, buddy. >> dr. dan salinas is the chief medical officer for the children's health care of atlanta. in 2009 lisa and her team pitched the idea of a full-time therapy program called canines for kids. >> we saw we were filling the need that children and families had with an intermittent pet therapy program. but we saw that children were
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asking and families were asking for more contact with the dog. they didn't want to wait a week to have to see the dog again. ♪ >> a program called canine assistance trains the dogs for 12 to 15 months. casper was the first four-legged full-timer on staff here. lisa met him when he was 18 months old. >> when i first met casper, he and i had the connection. we just knew that we were meant to be together. so we started working. >> when you describe casper, he has -- i notice the eyes. there's a very -- there's both sympathetic and empathetic and all this emotion in his face. what did you notice? what was it about him? >> i noticed that he's like a big sponge. he takes it all in. and i think that's what makes him work so well with the patients. >> that's my boy.
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>> and he knows that that child is maybe anxious, maybe he's in pain. so when we have a visit like that and we leave the room, it takes him a few minutes to decompress. >> how do you know he's decompressing? what's he doing? >> he will shut down, stand there. he will look at me and go, like mom, i need a moment. it's that nonverbal look that i can tell. he really needs a break. >> this affects him, this job. >> oh, absolutely. absolutely. >> walking around the hospital with casper, i can tell he's at home here. does casper know where he's going? >> most definitely. >> looks like he's leading. >> he really doesn't need me much anymore. >> when we come across nikki's room, casper is all business. there's a little boy in here recovering from surgery who can't wait to visit his four-legged friend. patiently, casper waits outside
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while lisa lays out a gown across nikki's bed to help protect him from any germs. >> come on, come on up here and see nicholas. good boy. >> how are you feeling today, nicholas? >> good. >> you doing all right? anything hurt or anything? >> no. good. >> you look like you feel better today. do you? yeah. i don't think you were feeling too good yesterday. you look like you're feeling better today. you look happier today. i think it's casper that does that personally. >> he just had a permanent feeding tube inserted into his tummy yesterday. he has problems gaining weight and it started out he has severe celiac disease. he hasn't put on any weight. >> katrina smith is nikki's mother. she's seen firsthand the impact casper has had on her son. >> he was shut down yesterday. he had no smiles. he had no voice. when casper came in, he stopped, just smiled and pet him and sat
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there and looked like he had no pain in the world. >> the smile is pretty -- >> yes. >> that tells a story. >> absolutely. >> while casper is the first full-time service dog here, there are now 11 dogs on staff at children's health care of atlanta. the hospital says it's the largest full-time animal therapy program in the united states. what was the biggest concern? what was the biggest hurd until terms of getting a consistent program like this? >> i think the biggest hurdle was that it was a new concept. we started this. it had not been done elsewhere. we had to convince some people that it was going to be okay because we already had had therapy dogs present in our facilities for years and years and years. >> casper and the other therapy dogs worked with all the different teams, pain management, physical therapy, pre and post-surgery, even mris. if a patient is scared of the mri machine, casper will hop up there and show them it's okay.
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>> good boy. >> after a long day of successful visits, it's time for casper to head home. like lisa said, when that vest comes off, casper is just a normal dog again. playing in the grass, eating dog biscuits. tomorrow he'll be ready to do it all over again, to share some of that casper magic with anyone who needs him. >> it's a tough question in some ways to ask. how do you know not just on any given day, overall, casper is not ready to do this sort of work anymore? is there a time? >> hopefully i'll know when that day comes when he just says i'm done. but so far, i don't see any signs of him giving this up. as a matter of fact, there are nights when we walk out of the lobby to go outside and he won't get in the car. he doesn't want to go home. so i think he's going to continue to do this just as long as he possibly can.
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>> there are so many ways animals can help our health. recovery is one thing. but what about the diagnosis? torna turns out the powerful noses of dogs might be able to help us there, too.
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the benefits of being around animals are pretty obvious but that's not the only way four-legged friends are helping our health. elephants may provide crucial clues in the fight against cancer for humans. elephants rarely get cancer. a study found the cancer mortality rates for these animals is less than 5%, compared to 25% in humans. scientists believe the key is in excess of a certain protein that inhibits cancer cells. in the united kingdom, dogs are helping us detect cancer. my colleague, elizabeth cohen traveled to the uk to meet with these amazing dogs and their biosensing noses. >> girls. >> dr. claire guest is ceo of the charity medical detection dogs based in england. for years she's claimed she can
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train dogs to smell cancer cells. and now her dogs are taking part in one of the largest clinical trials of canine cancer detection. dr. guest is a believer because she says her dog daisy caught her own cancer six years ago. you said that a dog caught your cancer? >> that's right. i was actually working on a cancer detection project. working with the dog during this time. she started to behave slightly different around me and kept staring at me and nudging into my chest. it led me to find a lump. i got the lump checked and was referred to a specialist. i had a diagnosis of a very early grade stage breast cancer. i was told had i not had my attention drawn to it by daisy, my prognosis would have been very poor. >> dr. guest started medical detection dogs in 2008. the charity trains multiple teams, medical alert assistance
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dogs, for example, paired with diabetics to sniff out changes in blood sugar levels. and the cancer detection dogs. why do we need dogs? there are plenty of tests to detect cancer. >> there are plenty of tests to detect cancer but sadly not all of them are reliable or accurate. there's a great need for improved diagnosis. treatment is improving all the time. but sadly, diagnosis isn't. >> ready? >> rob harris is training dogs to smell prostate cancer. >> this is lucy. she's a labrador cross spaniel. >> they take urine samples from eight different patients. one of the eight patients has cancer and it's the dog's job to sniff it out. >> to think that a dog might be able to smell the cancer in that tiny sample. >> absolutely amazing. >> it's number four. that's the one the dog is supposed to sniff out? >> that's correct. >> midas will come in.
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he's a hungarian breed. >> good girl. >> would you like to move the position? >> let's move it all the way on the other side. catching it at number one is the most difficult because she won't have anything else to compare it to on this round. this is a real test for midas. >> good girl. >> scientists suspect volatile chemicals evaporate and send off an odor. we can't smell them because we have a measly 5 million sensors in our noses but dogs have up to 300 million sensors in their noses. >> midas is able to detect. she has a nose at the end of the face but she's also got an organ called the jacobson in the back of her throat. >> hunter dogs like kiwi, a yellow labrador are more easily trained. a recent smaller study found
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dogs catch cancer with more than 90% accuracy. that's higher than many traditional diagnostic tests. >> we've known for many years that dogs can detect cancer. are we finally getting to the stage where maybe this will come into actual use in a hospital? >> for the first time i really believe that what the dogs are able to do is be used by hospitals. that doesn't mean dogs will be in a hospital but what the dogs will do is be working in a training center like this and the samples will be transported to the center and the dogs give their answer and the results are sent back. i think we're moving forward in time where the dogs will be used in the diagnostic process but not in hospitals themselves. >> in three years we'll know the results of this large study using 3,000 urine samples from national health service patients in england. >> do you think one day dogs like midas could save lives. >> i really believe dogs like midas could save lives. she's a very, very, very
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sophisticated sensor. >> from dogs to llamas, you probably have never seen a therapy animal quite like this before. music: "sex machine" by james brown ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
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welcome to portland, oregon, in the pacific northwest of the united states. the city is known for having a bit of a quirky personality. even the people of portland are surprised to see this. your eyes do not deceive you. that is a llama and an alpaca. >> they enjoy unexpected places. >> photos, hugs, a lot of
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laughter. that's what rojo and napoleon can do and what lori gregory and her daughter have been sharing with the portland area for eight years now and counting. >> hey, llamas. hey, pacas. come on. >> we never dreamed that we'd be doing work with llamas and alpacas. we moved to vancouver from oregon 20 years ago and bought 2 1/2 acres and got tired of mowing the lawn, all the acreage. we went to the fair to look for animals to keep it eaten down and just kind of were intrigued with the llamas. >> shannon and lori went llama shopping at a farm. a red colored llama caught their eye immediately. rojo, spanish for red would become their first llama. >> rojo stood out from all the other llamas. all the other llamas were
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playing in the pasture and rojo was following the owner around in her yard while she was doing chores. >> that was 13 years ago. over that time,i says, while he grew, his personality never changed. >> very people friendly, very touchable. enjoys being around new environments and things like that. so we are just so thankful to have him to take around, because everybody falls in love with him. >> so when someone suggested they get him certified as a therapy animal it was an easy decision. >> it was a pretty extensive process to get him certified eight years ago. and we've done over 1,000 visits since then, added four other llamas and three alpacas and go out almost every day of the week now. >> rojo. >> lori and shannon started a nonprofit called mountain peaks therapy, llamas and alpacas. >> today they're headed to visit a nursing home with rojo, the
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llama and napoleon, the alpaca. the residents here suffer from severe dementia but the moment this unique group steps off the elevator, there are smiles, all across the room. >> it's really neat taking a giant 400-pound animal into everywhere. a lot of times you get a lot of shock at first. they don't really understand why a llama who is dressed up is in their home. then you get this intrigue. so it's a shock and then they're like but i want to come feel it. i want to feel how soft he is. he looks cool. when they put a carrot in their lips and he gives them a kiss, it's instant pure joy. >> these carrot kisses are popular. llamas don't have upper teeth, just bottom teeth so they don't bite. >> it's just, i mean, happens 100 times during every visit.
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it's the same. just seeing people so giddy and being the source of that joy is really fuels me and it's exciting. >> the mayo clinic says animal assisted therapy can reduce pain, depression and anxiety and fatigue. smiling and laughter are also good for your health and longevity. the simple act of smiling has been shown to activate the happiness centers in your brain, impacting your mood. even a forced smile will do it. but i can tell you, with rojo and napoleon around, no one is forcing a smile here. this is pure joy. >> all of our residents here at emerson house have dementia. not all of them are able to communicate verbally. once they see the animals it becomes a whole new experience. they touch the animals, giving the llamas kisses, a lot of our residents lit up today. i had residents who don't speak english singing in their native tongue to the animals and touching the animals. >> for me, it's been life-changing.
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when we first got certified for therapy with rojo, i thought this will be fun to share our special llama with these people, you know, going places like that. and then the first visit we did, shannon was with me and she had him on the lead and was taking him into a rehab facility. i was kind of back on his backside with all the nurses and people in the facility. as she would take him in along the bedsides i would hear them getting so excited, saying, wow, harold hasn't spoken in a month and i heard him say she's cute. look at helen is trying to sit up. she hasn't moved. just every room we were going into it was like seeing miracles happen. >> so soft. >> rojo is becoming a bit of a celebrity around here. shannon has even written a children's book about him. for this mother/daughter team, it's another way to share rojo with those who need him. or just need a smile. >> oh, of course.
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>> you just made my day. >> oh, good. >> once we started taking them out, it's like i have to do this. i can't not do it. you know? so, yes, it is a purpose an a life calling. so i'll be doing it until i can't anymore. then shannon will bring him to visit me. she better. >> those smiles are infectious, don't you think? look, it's incredible the difference a visit can make from rojo and napoleon or casper the therapy dog. animals seem to have a magical power about them. if you have a pet at home, give them an extra treat today. with all they're doing for your health, they've earned it. for "vital signs," i'm dr. sanjay gupta.
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welcome to the "cnn newsroom," i'm pamela brown in this weekend for poppy harlow. great to have you with us. take a look at these live pictures from spokane, washington, where donald trump is about to take the mike any moment. we have breaking news right now on cnn. it's about the man blamed for moving more deadly drugs into and around the united states than any single king pin in history. we're talking about the mexican cartel leader they call el chapo. joaquin "el chapo" guzman, convicted in mexico,

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