tv CNN Newsroom Live CNN May 8, 2016 11:00pm-1:01am PDT
job. >> ini the only one who wants this? >> i'm saying, that's what your a rr always saying. >> man, she's tough. show some respect. she ain't j-lo and you ain't the boy extinguishing canada's wildfire. this hour we will tell you how the weather is hoping to rein in that blaze. >> trump's one-time running mate sarah palin says the speaker of the house will live to regret his failure to back the billionaire. and half a world away, the presidential favorite in the philippines election is drawing comparisons to the donald. all that plus news of a bbc journalist expulsion from north korea. hello and welcome to our viewers here in the united states and all around the world. i'm rosemary church.
i'll be with you for the next two hours. thanks for joining us. this is "cnn newsroom." >> and we begin with some developing news this hour. north korea is expelling a bbc correspondent. rupert wingfield hayes had been in pyongyang reporting ahead of the workers' party congress, but authorities took issue with what they call disrespectful reporting, especially on leader kim jong-un. the bbc says that wingfield hayes and two other employees were detained and questioned for eight hours. the company is now trying to get them all out of the country. now, within the past hour, cnn's will ripley spoke to us live from pyongyang about the circumstances surrounding the reporter's expulsion. >> reporter: he actually wasn't here to cover the workers party
congress specifically, but he was invited in with a group of nobel laureates who came here to have discussions with north korean officials and they made various stops touring around the country last week and over the weekend. they say that his reporting was disrespectful of the supreme leader kim jong-un. they also say he violated local customs and acted in an aggressive manner during different times during his trip. this is the accusation from north korea. i actually saw rupert yesterday at the hotel as we were shooting a report. he said he had been spoken to very harshly earlier by the north korean authorities about his reporting. he hcht been reporting for the past few days. we believe he was at the hotel, which is different from where we are. we're at a different hotel. that hotel was on an island separate from the rest of the city. anyway, he'd been there for the past few days, not filing any reports, and had told me yesterday he wanted to get on a plane today to leave the country.
according to the north koreans, as he was at airport, he was detained and questioned. a bbc correspondent who was at this press briefing -- and there were just a handful of news outlets there -- he actually used the word interrogated and tried to ask the north korean official how the rest of the world would view the fact that north korea detained and punished a journalist for reporting things that they didn't agree with. but that question was not answered. the official walked out of the room. we have now actually just been told that i need to put on a suit, bring my passport, and we need to bring our camera and go back over to the hotel. typically when we have to dress up and bring our passport, it means there's some sort of an interview with an official, but we don't know who we're going to be speaking to or what the topic will be. obviously this is a very sensitive issue for all journalists who come into north korea to report, and the north kraends take very seriously any comments made about their leader. >> we'll continue to watch that story. i want to move to canada now where firefighters in alberta say they may be getting the upper hand on a massive wildfire
that has torn through the province for more than a week now. the government said they expected the fort mcmurray fire to have doubled in size by late saturday, but thankfully the blaze slowed its progress. cooler temperatures and a little rain has also helped fire crews. more than 160,000 hectors have been scorched so far and thousands have been forced to evacuate. officials warn the fires may still burn for months to come. and the huge blaze continues to head east. alberta's premier says the fire is just 30 to 40 kilometers away from a neighboring province. paul vercammen has the lest. >> reporter: i'm in front of a center here in edmonton where many of the fire refugees are getting supplies and/or spending the night. they've been through a harrowing ordeal. that fire right now, you can hear the wind, is blowing toward the east. and firefighters are hoping that it continues to slow down just a little. by blowing east, that means away
from fort mcmurray. that's the city that was absolutely ravaged by fire last week. you can imagine a difficult ordeal for anybody, but imagine this through the eyes of a child. >> i saw the flames, and they were very bad. and like the fire, it was made like very big. i saw the smoke downtown, and we thought my school was burnt down, but it wasn't. it's like very bad. >> reporter: families grateful for the 1,500 firefighters battling blazes across alberta. some 40 in all. and firefighters are beginning to feel the effects of this. many of them have been working on stop relief going to come later in the week for both new brunswick and quebec. ontario firefighters already here, it's been a long and arduous assault and an ominous note. officials here saying this could be the start of a rather long and dastardly fire season.
>> paul vercammen reporting there. chad morrison is the wildfire manager of the alberta fire and says that fort mcmurray is currently off limits to everyone but first responders. and even though there's a long way to go, sunday was a good day. >> we had a little bit of help here, unexpected help, a little bit of hp from mother nature and the weather. a lot of hard work, a lot of the credit goes to hard work of the firefighters that were able to hold the line here most of the day. most areas of the fire, especially around the city itself. the fire still is now about 160,000 hectares. we continue to hold it, but we were still very challenged throughout the day today and yesterday in extreme fire conditions. >> all right. we do want to take a closer look now at the weather conditions. our pedram javaheri joins us now. this is a good thing, some rain and the lower temperatures.
but how long can we expect those to stick around? >> this is the lowest temperatures i've seen in about two weeks time. we're talking about 50 fahrenheit, 10 degrees celsius. that's pretty remarkable considering it was 90 fine height just a few days ago. we're seeing the colling trends. the winds should die down. we'll show you exactly what we because the radar imagery looks pretty good. that's all rain beginning to push in across this region. we've picked up just a few millimeters across fort mcmurray. again, any rain fall at this point is good news. any cloud cover is good news. this particular feature kicked up some winds that hindered some of the activities across this region. i want to show you how the fires have expanded first to the west, then to the south, back up to the north, now to the east. what the firefighters across this region are saying, because of the wilderness nature, the areas to the east here, that's favorable. if we can get everything move ago way from the population center of fort mcmurray, that's good news. the winds should die down a little bit, but just to give you the scale of what has taken
place, 16,000 square kilometers have been consumed. roughly the size of the country of kuwait or roughly the size of the state of new jersey. a pretty ex- pansive area consumed. on sunday alone, about the same size of the city of london has been consumed when it comes to a fire across this region. certainly the winds have not helped out. notice what happens. 10 degrees celsius, that is 50 fahrenheit, it remains rather cool the next couple of days. 16 celsius or about 60 fahrenheit is what is considered normal. it gets there by friday. it wants to warm up again saturday towards sunday. i think these next couple of day are what's key for firefighters. because of the tremendous amount of heat that's been generated at the surface here, we get what are known as pyrocumulus clouds. they can create thunderstorms. that could take some of the embers downstream and generate additional fires downstream. this is something rosemary and i were just talking about off camera a few minutes ago where firefighters are saying this could continue several weeks,
several months potentially before everything is contained as these fires go down into the forest to the east, very vej tated area, a lot of fuel for these fires. it's going to be a long term event. >> it seems extraordinary but at least it gets away from the population. >> absolutely. these are normal, fires across areas that are wide open are normal. sometimes temperatures of 800 to 900 degrees are needed for these trees to pollinate and for their pine cones to open up and allow additional seedlings to come out. >> we'll talk to you next hour. thanks so much. police in bangladesh are investigating another hacking murder. the latest victim is a 65-year-old sufi muslim spiritual leader. he was found hacked to death saturday in the country's west. our alexandra field has just returned from bangladesh and joins us now from hong kong. alexandra, these hacking murders, horrendous and shocking. what are authorities telling you about this latest deadly attack?
>> reporter: well, they've made no arrests in connection to the death of mohammad shahidullah. they have not unearthed any kind of motivation for this brutal killing of this spiritual leader. no one has publicly stepped forward to claim responsibility for it. as you point out, rosemary, shahidullah was a sufi muslim, a spiritual leader. sufis are largery regarded as mystics. the practice is quite devoti devotional. it includes devotional songs and music. obviously bangladesh is a majority muslim country and there are stricter interpretations of islam. sufis are well respected throughout southeast asia. this man's family is asking why he would have been targeted. they say that he was killed, hacked to death. his body found in a mango grove after he had left a meeting with his disciples. but his son tells cnn that this was a simple man, man.
police have failed to make any arrests at this point. they're looking into the possibility that this is connected to that spate of hacking deaths that we have seen across this country in the last 15 months, but they're also looking at the possibility, rosemary, that this could have been a more personally motivated attack. in the cases of the other deaths, the bloggers, the lgbt activist, the religious minorities, even the academics who have been hacked to death, the extremist groups who have claimed responsibility have often cited that their victims have insulted islam in some way or promoted atheism. >> you said no arrests made in this latest attack, but what about those other ones you referred to there? any indication, anything coming out of what authorities are telling you about people who are associated with this? >> reporter: you know, the authorities, the government officials in bangladesh have been telling people that they need to be careful about what they say, actually instructing the bloggers and atheists in that country to not say things that are offensive to islam.
that has not been well received clearly by the people who are supportive of the victims. we spent a lot of time speaking to activists in that country, to the lgbt community, to the family members of those who have been killed, and they say the government has frankly not done enough to stop these killings and not done enough to prosecute the assailants. so many people in these cases are telling us, yes, they have seen police bring people in for questioning or make arrests, but they are not seeing the prosecution of these individuals, and that he fear that is why these these attacks are going on unchecked. there are questions about how closely any of these attacks are related, whether you have the same people connected to several different deaths here. but when you talk to people in the community at large, they're saying that the government needs to take a much harder line. they need to pursue the people who are involved in these attacks and come out more strongly in the defense of the people who are now being targeted. >> very disturbing. alexandra field just back from bangladesh, reporting live from hong kong. many thanks to you. we turn to the philippines now and a controversial mayor was the front-runner leading up
to monday's presidential elections. now voters are lining up at the polls to make their opinion heard. >> the likely u.s. republican nominee is getting mixed reaction within his own party. what john mccain says about donald trump when we come back. i am rich. with fans clamoring for our next hit album, we return to our extravagant private studio, where we turn gold into platinum.
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the quiet type. i like that. armor all original protectant. don't be dull. in the philippines, millions of voters are lining up at the polls to cast ballots for their next president and elect government officials. the latest polls show a controversial mayor leading the presidential race ahead of the elections. our michael holmes has more on the campaign and the candidates. >> reporter: campaign ads line quiet streets in the philippines. philippine law prohibits active campaigning by the candidates in 24 hours leading up to an election. but the mood as voting gets under way is anything but quiet. >> translator: i'm weighing up who is the best candidate that will make the country even better. a place where there is peace and
order. >> translator: i hope whoever becomes the president, they will help the homeless, provide work for our husbands, and run the philippines well. >> translator: someone who can make the prices of goods go down so that for us who are poor, we can make a better living. >> reporter: the five candidates for the philippines top seat made one last pitch to voters on saturday as the 90-day campaign period came to a close. recent polls show long time mayor rodrigo duterte with a solid lead. nicknamed the punisher for his tough stance on crime, he's vowed to execute 100,000 criminals and, quote, dump them into manila bay in elected. senator grace poe is duterte's closest rival. according to the filipino pollster social weather systems, she has campaigned for what she calls a quote, quote, caring
government, emphasizing structure. poe has been challenged over her citizenship after being a u.s. citizen for several years. but ultimately was declared eligible by the extreme court to continue her campaign. interior minister manuel rojas, country vice president binay, and santiago are also in the running. it's a big election for the philippines. in addition to the next president and vice president, voters will elect half of the country's senate, the entire house of representatives, and tens of thousands of local posts. michael holmes, cnn, atlanta. joining me now is "time" magazine correspondent charlie campbell. thank you so much for being with us. hope you can hear me okay there. so let's start by talking about rodrigo duterte, who has been compared to donald trump. he appears to be on track to win this election. why do voters find him so
compelling and appealing? >> well, duterte's appeal stems from his fight on crime. davao had been one of the dangerous cities. amnesty international alleges that around 700 suspected criminals have been gunned down in the street without trial. duterte puts the number closer to 1,700. >> how might duterte change the country if he does win? what specifically does he plan perhaps for the economy? >> well, the economy is definitely the shakeiest aspect of his policy. when i asked him personally about this, and he keeps on reversing back to law and order as being a prerequisite for an investment. fortunately for the philippines,
the fundamentals are very good under the outgoing president aquino. inflation is very low. and as the population is very young, it seems like it's a perfect sweet spot for foreign investors. so hopefully if he's elected, he'll just keep on with the same poli poli policies. >> you mentioned the outgoing president who has warned that duterte will be a dictator. voters don't appear to be concerned about that. why? >> it seems they have quite a short memory in the philippines. it was ruled by a dictator, ferdinand marcos for many years and people don't learn about this in school. the marcos family has still not been held to account. president marcos' son is leading pollsters running for vice president in this same election. so it seems that perhaps a
better education would stop them falling back into this trap once again. >> also we understand about nine people have died linked to election violence. what security measures are in place right now to try to prevent further violence? >> well, security is very tight. all the hotels and the key areas. the main thing the government has done is installed automatic vote counting, which reduces the period between the votes being cast and a result being received, which is always a very tense time when tempers can flare and violence can ensue. hopefully this year there will not be as much violence as we've seen in previous years. >> "time" magazine correspondent charlie campbell joining us on the line there. we will talk again with charlie next hour. many thanks to you. now to the u.s. presidential race. now that the republican party
has a presumptive presidential nominee, the next question is who will be donald trump's running mate? sarah palin, who was a vice presidential candidate back in 2008, told cnn she would probably be a controversial figure if she were asked to join the ticket. >> i think there are so many other great people out there in america who can serve in this position. i think if someone wanted to choose me, they already know who i am, what i stand for. they wouldn't be in for any surprises. i want to help and not hurt, and i am such a realist that i realize there are a whole lot of people out there who would say anybody but palin. i wouldn't want to be a burden on the ticket, and i recognize that in many, many eyes, i would be that burden. >> the man who brought palin to the national forefront is also speaking out about a trump nomination. senator john mccain chose palin as his running mate when he was
the republican presidential nominee in 2008 as we mentioned. he told cnn there's a disconnect between his party's leadership and many donald trump supporters. >> i've said all along that i would support the nominee of the party. i believe that a hillary clinton presidency will cause the economy to continue to stumble along and put us in the economic malaise that basically we've had for eight years. >> i wonder if you think that the party leadership is sort of disconnected to what the base of the party wants. i mean millions of supporters are getting behind donald trump, but the leadership is not. are you worried that there's a disconnect there? >> there has -- you have to draw the conclusion that there is some distance, if not a disconnect, between party leadership and members of congress and many of the voters who have selected donald trump to be the nominee of the party.
we could go down the list, but a lot of it is older, white, blue collar workers who see no prospect of a job ever again. we see dissatisfied young people who are carrying student debts into their first job for many, many years. and, of course, a perception which is largely reality, not totally, that there's gridlock in washington, and that's given rise to trump and sanders. and that's something that we in the republican party are going to have to look at very carefully. >> does your leadership listen to those folks a little bit better? >> you have to listen to people that have chosen the nominee of our republican party. i think it would be foolish to ignore them. >> is there anything specific in donald trump's national security profile that's better than hillary clinton's, anything specific that you like about what he said about foreign policy? >> well, i think american leadership, he emphasizes that, and i think that's important.
this president doesn't want to lead. hillary clinton was secretary of state for four years. tell me one accomplishment that she can point to besides the fact that she flew more miles than any other secretary of state in history. look, i believe that the republican party must maintain its viability as a party, and i am a teddy roosevelt/ronald reagan republican. and i will do everything that i can to continue to steer the republican party along those lines in that direction. >> john mccain there. let's take a very short break right here. still to come, russians are celebrating a major day in their country's history. we will take you to one of moscow's biggest parades. that's coming up next. plus a temporary calm falls over parts of syria, bringing people back into the streets and diplomats are hoping fresh international efforts on their part can make it last.
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a warm welcome back to our viewers here in the united states and, of course, all around the world. you're watching "cnn newsroom." i'm rosemary church. let's update you on the main stories we've been following this hour. cooler temperatures in western canada have slowed the progress of that mammoth wildfire in alberta. but officials fear the blaze may not be out for months to come. more than 160,000 hectares have burned so far, and nearly 90,000 people remain out of their homes. a bbc correspondent is being expelled from north korea. authorities cited disrespectful reporting, particularly about leading kim jong-un, as the reason he's being sent home. the correspondent was in north korea ahead of the ongoing
workers' party congress in pyongyang. at least 14 people are dead and 25 missing following a landslide in southeast china. heavy rains triggered a torrent of mud and rocks that buried a construction site sunday morning. china's president has urged maximum efforts for the rescue of those unaccounted for. russians are celebrating victory day with a military parade. the streets of moscow are full of pride as the country marks the germans' formal surrender in world war ii back in 1945. ceremonial wreaths will also be laid at the tomb of the unknown soldier. our reporter is live from moscow's red square in the heart of these celebrations. matthew, talk to us about the significance of this day for the average russian and what you've seen unfold so far. it looks like a glorious day there for sure. >> reporter: it is. it's absolutely scorching. it's a national public holiday
here. russians, i think, celebrate this victory day, may the 9th here in russia more intensely, i think it's fair to say, than other peoples around the world who participated in the second world war. take a look at the crowds that have gathered just outside the square. there's going to be a big military parade with various dignitaries from russia and other countries as well. i'm seeing a march past of thousands of russian troops, military hardware, and things like that. so it's a display of triumph, but also a commemoration of enormous sacrifice, remember, that russia paid or the soviet union paid in particular. they call it the great patriotic war here. millions of people from this part of the world died in that conflict, something like 25 to 28 million people from russia and the former soviet states is what most historians agree on.
it's a conflict that touched the lives of families right across the country. you can speak to anybody here, and they've got grandfathers, uncles, brothers, fathers that participated or were killed in that conflict. and that's why i think it has such a resonance even today in 2016 and why there are so many people that have come out on this day on may the 9th, in the center of moscow, and in other cities as well across russia to commemorate victory day. >> and what about president vladimir putin? what role will he play today? >> reporter: of course as the commander-in-chief, he'll be overseeing this whole parade. the march fast will be passed to him on red square. this isn't just a commemoration about past events. it's also a celebration of the current russian military as well. they're very proud here of their military technology. we're going to be seeing some of the latest russian aircraft, su
35s that have seen action, new tanks, new missiles are going to be paraded past as well. it's an opportunity for the kremlin to be triumphant but also to bolster support in its country, in its policies at a time, remember, of economic crisis in russia. there's been a big dip in the oil price. people's savings have been slashed and the price of living has gone up enormously and also relations with the west in particular are very strained over the situation in ukraine and over the situation in syria as well and other things. so this is an opportunity for the kremlin, as i say, to bolster support in its policies. >> all right. glorious day in moscow as russians celebrate victory day, remembering those lost in world war ii. many thanks to you. as matthew mentioned, russia has taken a crucial role in the
conflict in syria. u.s. secretary of state john kerry is slated to meet with his french counterpart in paris later monday. the two diplomats are expected to discuss, among other things, the ongoing crisis in syria. but kerry's spokesman is not saying if kerry will also attend a meeting of the so-called friends of syrian nations also meeting monday in paris. ministers are expected to discuss ways to end the deadly and destructive five-year conflict. while international efforts to end the war continue, so does factional fighting. still two weeks of bitter clashes that killed almost 300 civilians have given way to a temporary cease-fire in aleppo. the truce has brought some semblance of calm to that city and other parts of syria. cnn's fred pleitgen reports from damascus, war weary syrians would welcome permanent peace. >> after a recent spike in
fighting in syria's brutal civil war at least in some parts of the country, some respite. residents crowd cafes and restaurants in the government-held part of damascus, one of several cities where limited cease-fires have been agreed and put in effect in recent days. >> translator: we were so concerned for our daughters, this man says. we wouldn't even let them leave the house. but look now. we're taking them with us. and this man adds, things so much better than before. i think local reconciliation like in some neighborhoods could be a solution. russia and the u.s. brokered cease-fires between government forces and many rebel factions in damascus and the region, due to last between 48 and 72 hours. the truce has been extended to aleppo as well, where heavy fighting killed hundreds of civilians in the past two weeks, including one of the last pediatricians in the rebel-held part of the city in a strike on a children's hospital. now many syrians hope this new
period of relative calm could last more than just a few days. of course people here are discussing the prospect of political reconciliation or longer-term cease-fire, but the majority of folks we spoke to here in the government-held part of damascus say right now, they're just enjoying this moment where they don't have to worry about machine gun fire or mortars raining down on their heads. but in many places, the civil war rages on. dozens of pro-government and rebel fighters were killed in heavy fighting outside aleppo on friday. an islamist group even filming the battle with a drone. after five years of fighting, many here say they're simply fed up with the violence. >> my heart is broken when i hear and see what's happening there because syria is dr everywhere is my country and everywhere is my family. >> reporter: despite the current calm, no side of syria's civil
war seems willing to back down, leaving many worried that the quiet like here in damascus could be all too brief. fred pleitgen, cnn, damascus, syria. and stay tuned for the next hour of "cnn newsroom" when we will take you to damascus for a live report on how life has changed since the cessation of hostilities and the challenges that remain. that's 8:00 a.m. in london, 3:00 p.m. in hong kong. mexico's northwest notorious drug lord is now within sight of the u.s. border, a move which may bring "el chapo" one step closer to extradition to the united states. we'll take a look at that. plus tales from the first american cruise to cuba in decades. you will hear one passenger's emotional journey. we're back in a moment. t-mobile is going big for small business. you'll never get charged data overages... ...ever.
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welcome back, everyone. notorious mexican drug kingpin el chapo is now just a couple of miles from the u.s. border. the move could make it easier to extradite the cartel leader to the united states. cnn's boris sanchez has the latest. >> reporter: one of the most notorious criminals in the world on the move this weekend. authorities transferring joaquin "el chapo" guzman, going from a prison in central mexico, to a maximum security lock up in juarez, just a few miles from the united states. the exact reason for the move is still unclear, but officials on both sides of the border have been laying the groundwork to extradite el chapo to the united states for months.
>> the only way that the government of mexico is going to ensure absolutely that they don't go through another embarrassing situation, another embarrassing escape, is to extradite him to the united states. >> reporter: the drug kingpin had been kept at the altiplano prison, the same one he fled last july. his brazen escape allegedly made through a well-designed series of tunnels, let to a massive manhunt and drew international attention. after months on the run, el chapo was finally caught in january, returning to the prison after his recapture. the transfer to juarez comes just one month after guzman's defense team said he wanted to be transferred to the united states as soon as possible. el chapo's attorneys say the conditions he was facing at altiplano were unbearable, making him seriously ill. >> translator: at 9:00 at night, they, at the jail, beginning nightly roll call.
the next step is at 1:00 in the morning, but between 9:00 p.m. and 1:00 a.m., he said if you could only know all the movement there, all the noise out there. it's impossible to sleep. then for starters, during the day i cannot sleep because there is a roll call every hour. >> boris sanchez reporting there. once el chapo is transferred to the u.s., he will stand trial in brooklyn, new york, on charges of murder, kidnapping and torture as well as importing a quarter of a million pounds of cocaine into the country. well, the first u.s. cruise ship to set sail to cuba in decades has now arrived back in miami, florida. some 700 passengers toured the island nation for a week. for many of them, including one woman with cuban roots, the journey was very emotional. ann keel, with our affiliate wsvn, has this report. >> i'm hoping that this is a door opening for change.
the experience was much better than i expected. >> reporter: the ships returns with hundreds on board what saw, heard and experienced cuba like few americans have. mary pena's ties to the island nation bring out raw emotion. she was more than a dozen cuban-americans on the ship. >> i went to the home where my parents were born, that my grandparents built, and i met my cousins for the first time. i'm 47 years old. i had never met them. >> reporter: our cameras were rolling as the ship set sale seven days ago with 704 travelers, determined to be the first. the first on a u.s. cruise ship to sail from the u.s. to cuba in more than 50 years. >> it exceeded our expectations. >> it was absolutely great. we felt so welcome. >> reporter: passengers tell us they will treasure most the personal connections made with the cuban people, the sharing of
cultures. >> we had a great time. we interact very well with the citizens of cuba. >> reporter: and some admit they're hopeful that with time, the bimonthly journeys to cuba will help to improve relations between two countries with a difficult past and questionable future. >> it was a very hard decision for me, a very personal decision. my father was a political prisoner and spent a lifetime fighting against the regime in cuba. >> that was wsvn reporter ann keel. a group of cuban migrants stranded in panama since march will soon be bound for mexico. panama had been preventing the nearly 4,000 migrants from traveling through the country in hopes of reaching the u.s. well, now the migrants are set to be flown to juarez in mexico starting monday. a 3,000-year-old mystery goes on a little longer. coming up, how a british egyptologist plans to fight on after a setback in trying to
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the burial site of egypt's queen nefertiti has long eluded archaeologists. one egyptologist who believes he has found her remains has hit a snag. he's been scouring through king tutankhamun's tomb which he says has secret chambers, but officials say it's not enough to warrant excavation. an archaeological battle in the valley of kings, all over a suspected hidden chamber in the ancient tomb of the egyptian pharaoh, king tutankhamun. the big question, could the mummy of his famous stepmother, queen nefertiti, lie behind the mauz lee yums's walls. british egypt oltist nicholas reeves believes he may have found the final resting place. but no one can say for sure.
last year, reeves and his team tried to conclusively determine if nefertiti's remains are inside. ground-penetrating scans were taken, and reeves says they suggest two hidden chambers lay within king tut's tomb. he believes the rooms may contain metal and organic material, but egypt's former antiquities minister dismisses the idea. >> what has been said about the discovery of nefertiti inside the tomb of tutankhamun is not correct. this tomb, in my opinion, was made for i, who took the thrown after king tut. and maybe because of the sudden death of tutankhamun, maybe they were too old. there is nothing behind this wall. >> if nefertiti's remains are inside, it's a find 3,000 years in the making, shedding light on a period of egypt's history that remains in the dark. a find so fabulous, it could
boost the country's critical and lagging tourism industry. reeves says he will keep pushing for more evidence. >> if i'm right in my understanding of reading of the evidence to suggest it might be the burial of nefertiti behind the north wall, surely that's worth going the extra mile. but, you know, i haven't got a crystal ball. i don't know what the future holds in store. >> egypt's antiquities department says if it's proven there are hidden chambers, it may allow a one-inch hole to be drilled. we'll keep an eye on that story. now we turn to the summer olympics, and they're almost upon us, of course. 10,000 or so athletes will head to rio and will certainly entertain us. but it's the paraolympics in september that could change people's lives. the technology which enables many of these athletes to compete will eventually be available to all.
patrick snell has the story. >> reporter: denise didn't let the loss of her lower right leg as a young girl prevent her from becoming a world champion athlete. the german cyclist won a silver medal at the 2012 london paraolympics. now she's getting ready for rio later on this year. for this event, she plans to compete using a new leg prosthesis made with a 3-d printer. >> translator: we are currenting testing the 3-d printed prosthesis and whether its quality. >> experts say the new prosthesis is quicker and cheaper to produce. schindler is working with the u.s. company on the project, which they recently showed to u.s. president barack obama and german chancellor angela merkel at a technology trade fair. >> translator: i was of course very proud to present this project because it means a lot to me. mr. obama and chancellor merkel
were very interested, and i was surprised to see how informed the president was about the issue. he was very positive about it. >> reporter: schindler says she worked with engineers going through 52 versions before settling on a final model that's comfortable but doesn't compromise on performance. >> translator: it feels different when i cycle due to its quality. but we are on the right path to reach the right stiffness and aerodynamics. the new prosthesis is also lighter and that's an advantage when competing. >> reporter: and schindler hopes ultimately 3-d printing will make sports prospective theiss he's less expensive and more accessible to athletes all over the world. patrick snell, cnn. >> amazing there. finally to eastern china and an annual tight rope walking contest. don't look down. these daredevils from around the world have to walk across a ravine without a balancing pole, and that would be a 400-meter
fall by the way if not for some safety ropes there. the winner, a frenchman, he is the closer of the two guys in yellow, not the guy bouncing around in the background. and thanks so much for watching "cnn newsroom." i'm rosemary church. you can always follow me on twitter at any time at rosemary someone. love to chat with you. i'll be back with more "cnn newsroom" after this very quick break. don't go anywhere. ♪ (music pl♪ throughout) uh oh. what's up? ♪ ♪ ♪ does nobody use a turn signal anymore? ♪
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don't fall for directv. xfinity lets you download your shows from anywhere. i used to like that song. a dire warning. britain's david cameron set to make his case against leaving the european union. he says peace is at stake. expelled. a bbc reporter is being thrown out of north korea for reports seen as disrespectful to the country's president. and a growing divide. donald trump says he does not need republican unity to win the white house. hello and welcome to our viewers here in the united states and altogether around the world. i'm rosemary church, and this is "cnn newsroom." and we are expecting an
address by british prime minister david cameron shortly. he will be making his case as to why britain should remain in the european union. we're looking at live pictures there, of course waiting for him to speak. a public referendum is set for next month over whether britain should leave the economic bloc. and we're joined now by cnn's phil black at 10 downing street in london for more on what prime minister cameron is likely to say. so, phil, also what he's likely to say and how much support he likely has from other politicians at this point. >> reporter: rosemary, it's six weeks now roughly until this country will vote on whether to stay in or out of the european union. and today we're expected to see something of an escalation in the campaigns on both sides of this question. first, you're right, we're about to hear from the british prime minister. up until now the debate has largely centered on pretty dry stuff, economics mostly, trade, economic growth, jobs. today the prime minister is
going to make a very different case. he's going to be talking about war and peace. he's going to talk about how britain's future, its national interest, is intimately connected to the stability of the european continent. that without britain's direct involvement in the european union, war on the continent becomes more likely. that's bad for the world but especially bad for brijt. you can expect something of a sweeping historical argument from the prime minister today, talking about how britain -- its past, the wars, the sacrifices that it's taken part in have been very much connected to the wars that have taken place on the continent itself. now, we expect the prime minister to be speaking in a few moments, and this is going to be something of a more passionate speech. he's going to be appealing to patriotism really, and this is important because the key argument for leaving the european union is very much based on patriotism. it's all about the issue of sovereignty, the idea that britain has given up its sovereignty, its ability to
control its own affairs, given that up to faceless, not democratically elected officials and bureaucrats in brussels. there's very much a core philosophy by the brexit campaign. the prime minister will today be trying to boost that patriotic feeling behind the remain campaign, if you like, by talking about britain's big, bold, influential role in the world international affairs and how britain's part and the part it plays in the european union is intimately connected to all of that. >> phil, while we were listening to you, we were seeing there some numbers because i am interested when you say this vote will take place in about six weeks or so, this public referendum. on the whole, what guidance are we getting from a variety of polls indicating where people stand and what sort of impact is this speech today likely to have? you're talking about war versus peace. that has a lot of impact. >> reporter: yeah, the race
appears to be pretty tight at the moment. the opinion polls show this consistently. there's a poll out today that shows support to leave is at about 40%. support to remain at 42%. we say 13% undecided. that's pretty close. but as i say, we've got six weeks to go. this is where the real hard selling will begin now, and the efforts to persuade those undecided voters will of course be key there. and so you're right. i mean this is why the prime minister is looking perhaps for a more passionate, e moat ifr reason. the brexit campaign is campaigning very strongly on this issue of sovereignty, and that's something that british people feel, and there is considerable concern about that. i think you'll find that even among those who support staying within the european union, even they are not happy with the degree of sovereignty that britain has sacrificed in order to be part of that grouping. so what we're hearing now from the prime minister today will be an argument that says britain is better, safer, stronger, very
influential, and not only britain's national interest but peace on the continent and indeed peace in the world comes down to the decision that we make at the ballot box in about six weeks' time. >> it will be interesting to see how much that speech resonates with the voters there. of course we are waiting still to hear from prime minister david cameron. as soon as that happens, we will take you there. many thanks to our phil black. we'll bring him back with us after that speech. many thanks again. all right. let's move on for now. of course we'll return to that when it happens. but i want to move to a developing news story out of north korea. the country is expelling a bbc correspondent after authorities took issue with what they call disrespectful reporting, especially about leader kim jong- jong-un. the bbc says that rupert winfield hayes and two other employees were held and questioned by officials for about eight hours or so. they added that wingfield-hayes
was released but only after signing a statement. the bbc is now trying to get all three journalists out of the country. earlier cnn's will ripley spoke to us from pyongyang about why the reporter was being expelled. take a listen. >> reporter: here to cover the workers' party congress spiskly but he was invited in with a group of nobel laureates who came here to have discussions with north korean officials and they made very stops touring around the country last week and over the weekend. they say that his reporting was disrespectful of the supreme leader kim jong-un. they also say he violated local customs and acted in an aggressive manner during different times during his trip. this is the accusation from north korea. so as he was -- i actually saw rupert yesterday at the hotel as we were shooting a report. he said that he had been spoken to very harshly earlier by the north korean authorities about his reporting. he hadn't been reporting for the past few days. we believe he was at the hotel, which is different from where we
are. we're at a different hotel. the hotel was on an island separate from the rest of the city. anyway, he'd been there for the past few days, not filing any reports and had told me yesterday that he wanted to get on a plane today to leave the country. according to the north koreans, as he was at the airport, he was detained and questioned. a bbc correspondent who was at this press briefing -- and there were just a handful of news outlets there -- he actually uses the word "interrogated" and tried to ask the north korean official how the rest of the world would view the fact that north korea detained and punished a journalist for reporting things that they didn't agree with. but that question was not answered. the official walked out of the room. we have now actually just been told that i need to put on a suit, bring my passport, and we need to bring our camera and go back over to the hotel. typically when we have to dress up and bring our passport, it means there's some sort of an interview with an official. but we don't know who we're going to be speaking to or what the topic will be. obviously this is a very
sensitive issue for all journalists who come into north korea to report, and the north koreans take very seriously any comments made about their leader. >> will ripley reporting there. i want to turn to the philippines now. millions of voters are lining up at the polls to cast ballots for their next president and other officials. a controversial mayor was leading the presidential race ahead of the elections. now michael holmes has more on the campaign. >> reporter: campaign ads line quiet streets in the philippines. philippine law prohibits active campaigning by the candidates in the 24 hours leading up to an election. but the mood as voting gets under way is anything but quiet. >> translator: i'm weighing up who is the best candidate that will make the country even better, a place where there is peace and order. >> translator: i hope whoever becomes the president, they will help the homeless, provide work for our husbands, and run the philippines well.
>> translator: someone who can make the prices of goods go down so that for us who are poor, we can make a better living. >> all right. i want to take you now to british prime minister david cameron speaking now about his case for remaining in the european union. >> here at the british museum. in 45 days' time, the british people will go to polling station as cross our islands and cast their ballots in the way we've done in this country for generations. they will, as usual, weigh up the arguments, reflect on them quietly, discuss them with friends and family, and then calmly and without fuss take their decision. but this time, their decision will not be for a parliament or even two. they will decide the destiny of our country, not for five years or for ten, but in all probability, for decades,
perhaps a lifetime. this is a decision that is bigger than any individual politician or government. it will have real, permanent, and direct consequences for this country and every person living in it. should we continue to forge our future as a proud, independent nation while remaining a member of the european union, as we have been for the last 43 years, or should we abandon it? let me say at the outset that i understand why many people are wrestling with this decision and why some people's heads and hearts are torn. and i understand and respect the views of those who think we should leave, even if i believe they're wrong and that leaving would inflict real damage on our country, its economy, and its power in the world. i believe that despite its faults and its frustrations, the united kingdom is stronger, safer, and better off by remaining a member of the
european union. better off, certainly. we're part of a single market of 500 million people, which britain helped to create. our goods and crucially our services, which account for almost 80% of our economy, can trade freely by right. we help decide the rules. the advantages of this far outweigh any disadvantages. our membership in the single market is one of the reasons our economy is doing so well, why we've created almost 2.4 million jobs over the last six years, and why so many companies from overseas, from china and india, united states, and australia and other commonwealth countries invest so much here in the u.k. it's one of the factors, together with our superb workforce, the low taxes set by the british government, and our climate of enterprise which makes britain such an excellent place to do business. all this is alongside, let us
note, our attractive regulatory environment. according to the oecd, it is second only to the netherlands, itself an eu member, giving the lie to those who claim that the british economy is being strangled by red tape from brussels. if we leave, the only certainty we'll have is uncertainty. the treasury has calculated that the cost to every household in britain would be as high as 4,300 pounds by 2030 if we leave. 4,300 pounds. the overwhelming weight of independent opinion from the international monetary fund to the oecd, from the london school of economics to the institute of fiscal studies also supports the fact that britain will suffer an immediate economic shock and then be permanently poorer for the long term. the evidence is clear. we'll be better off in and poorer if we leave. as charles dunston, the founder
of car phone warehouse, an entrepreneur not averse to risk has said, in my experience, there are calculated risks, there are clever risks, and there are unnecessary and dangerous risks. and from all i can conclude, brexit sits firmly in the latter camp. so the onus is on those who advocate leaving to prove that britain will be better off outside the eu. those advocating brexit, some of them have spent many years preparing for this moment, and yet they seem unable to set out a comprehensive plan for our future outside the eu. some admit there would be a severe economic shock. but assert nonchalantly that it would be a price worth paying. others are in denial there would be a shock at all, and they can't agree what their plan for post-brexit britain would look like. one minute we're urged to follow norway. the next minute, canada. a few days later, switzerland
offers the path forward until it becomes clear that their arrangement doesn't provide much access for services to the eu single market. and services, as i've said, are almost four fifths of the british economy. most recently the leavers have noticed that a number of european countries that sit outside of the eu have negotiated separate trade arrangements with the eu. they call this collection of countries the european free trade zone. but, in fact, this doesn't exist. it's a patchwork of different arrangements, all of them far inferior to what we have now. they've gone on to suggest that britain might join this non-existent zone just like albania. seriously? even the albanian prime minister thought that idea was a joke. the leave campaigner asking us to take a massive risk with the future of our economy and the future of our country. and yet they can't even answer the most basic questions. what would britain's
relationship be with the eu if we were to leave? will we have a free trade agreement, or will we fall back on world trade organization rules? the man who headed the world trade organization for eight years thinks this would be -- and i quote -- a terrible replacement for access to the eu single market. now, some of them say we'd keep full access to the eu single market. if so, we'd have to accept freedom of movement, a contribution to the eu budget, and accept all eu rules while surrendering any say over them, in which case we would have given up sovereignty rather than taken it back. others say we would definitely leave the single market, including yesterday the vote leave campaign, despite the critical importance of the single market to jobs and investment in our country. i can only describe this as a reckless and irresponsible course. these are people's jobs and
livelihoods that are being toyed with, and the leave campaign have no answers to the most basic questions. what access will we try to secure back into the single market from the outside? how long would it take to negotiate a new relationship with the eu? what would happen to the 53 trade deals that we have with other markets around the world through the eu? the leave campaign can't answer them because they don't know the answers. they have no plan. and yet skeptical voters, who politely ask for questions, are denounced for their lack of faith with britain, are met with sweeping assurances that the world will simply jump to our tune. if you were buying a house or a car, you wouldn't do it without insisting on seeing what was being offered and making sure it wasn't going to fall apart the moment you took possession of it. so why would you do so when the
future of your entire country is at stake? the british people will keep asking these questions every day between now and the 23rd of june and demanding some answers because nothing is more important than the strength of our economy. upon it depends the jobs and livelihoods of our people and also the strength and security of our nation. if we stay, we know what we get -- continued full access to a growing single market including an energy, services, and digital, together with the benefit of the huge trade deals in prospect between the eu and the united states and other large markets. if we leave, it is genuinely a leap in the dark. my main focus today will not be on the economic reasons to remain in the eu, important though they are. i want to concentrate instead on what our membership means for our strength and security in the world and the safety of our
people and to explain why, again, i believe the balance of advantage comes down firmly in favor of staying rather than leaving. because this is a decision also about our place in the world, about how we keep our country safe, how britain can get things done in europe and across the world and not just accept a world dictated by others. so today i want to set out the big, bold, patriotic case for britain to remain a member of the european union. i want to show that if you love this country, if you want to keep it strong in the world and keep our people safe, our membership of the eu is one of the tools, one of the tools that helps us to do these things. like our membership of other international bodies such as nato or the u.n. security council. let us accept that for all our differences, one thing unites both sides in this referendum
campaign. we love this country, and we want the best future for it. ours is a great country, not just a great country in the history books, although it surely is that, but a great country right now with the promise of becoming even greater tomorrow. we're the fifth largest economy in the world, europe's foremost military power. our capital city is a global icon. our national language, the world's language. our national flag is worn on clothing and t-shirts the world over. not only as a fashion statement but as a symbol of hope and a beacon of liberal values around the world. people from all four corners of %-p galleries and theaters, cheer on our football teams and cherish our institutions. these days even our food is admired the world over. our national broadcaster is one of the most recognized brands on
the planet, and our monarch is one of the most respected people in the world. britain today is a proud, successful, thriving nation, a nation the world admires and looks up to and whose best days lie ahead of it. we are the product of our long history of the decision of our forebears, of the her oism of or parents and grandparents, yet we're a country that has our eyes fixed on the future, that . if there's one constant in the ebb and flow of our island story, it is the character of the british people. our geography has shaped us and shapes us today. we are special, different, unique. we have the character of an island nation, which has not been invaded for almost a thousand years and which has built institutions that has
endured for centuries. as a people, we're ambitious, resilient, independent-minded. and i might add tolerant, generous and inventive. but above all, we are obstinately practical, rigorously down to earth, natural debunkers. we approach issues with a cast of mind rooted in common sense. we're rightly suspicious of ideology and skeptical of grand schemes and grandiose promise. so we've always seen the european union as a means to an end, the way to boost our prosperity and help anchor peace and stability across the european continent. but we don't see it as an end in itself. we insistently ask why, how? and as we weigh out the competing arguments in this referendum campaign, we must apply that practical rigor which is the hallmark of being british. would going it alone make britain more powerful in the world? would we be better able to get
our way or less able? would going it alone make us more secure from terrorism, or would it be better to remain and cooperate closely with our neighbors? would going it alone really give us more control over our affairs, or would we soon find that actually we had less and that we'd given up a secure future for one beset by years of uncertainty and trouble with no way back? would going it alone open up new opportunities, or would it in fact close them down and narrow our options? that is certainly the approach i've taken to judging whether britain is stronger and safer inside the european union or leaving it. and i have just one yardstick. how do we best advance our national interest? keeping our people safe at home and abroad and molding the world in the way that we want, more peaceful, more stable, more free with the arteries of commerce and trade flowing freely, that
is our national interest in a nutshell, and it's the question that has confronted every british prime minister since the office was created. how do we best advance britain's interest in the circumstances of the day? if my experience as prime minister had taught me that our membership of the eu was holding britain back or undermining our global influence, i would not hesitate to recommend that we should leave. but my experience is the opposite. the reason i want britain to stay in a reformed european union is in part because of my experience over the last six years, is that it does help make our country better off, safer, and stronger. and there are four reasons why this is the case. first, what happens in europe affects us whether we like it or not. so we must be strong in europe if we want to be strong at home and in the world. second, the dangerous international situation facing
britain today means that the closest possible cooperation with our european neighbors isn't an optional extra. it's essential. we need to stand united. now is the time for strength in numbers. third, keeping our people safe from modern terrorist networks like daesh and from serious crime that increasingly crosses borders means that we simply have to develop much closer means of security cooperation between countries within europe. britain needs to be fully engaged with them. fourth, far from britain's influence in the world being undermined by our membership of the eu, it amplifies our power. like our membership of the u.n. or of nato, it helps us achieve the things we want, whether it's fighting ebola in africa, tackling climate change, taking on the people smugglers, that's not just our view as well. it's the view of our friends and our allies too. let me go through these in turn.
first, europe is our immediate neighborhood, and what happens on the continent affects us profoundly whether we like it or not. our history teaches us the stronger we are in our neighborhood, the stronger we are in the world. for 2,000 years, our affairs have been intertwined with the affairs of europe. for good or ill, we've written europe's history just as europe has helped to write ours. from caesar's legions to the war, to the napoleonic wars to the fall of the berlin wall, proud as we are of our global reach, britain has always been a european power and we always will be. we know that to be a global power and to be a european power are not mutually exclusive. and the moments of which we're rightly most proud in our national story include pivotal moments in european history.
tra fal ga, water loo, our country's heroism in the great war, and most of all our lone stand in 1940 when britain stood as a bulwark against a new dark age of tyranny and oppression. when i sit in the cabinet room, i never forget the decisions that were taken in that room in those darkest of times. when i fly to european submits, i pass a spitfire just outside the airfield, a vital base during the battle of britain. i think of the few who saved this country in its hour of mortal danger and who made it possible for us to go on and help liberate europe. like any brit, my heart swells with pride at the sight of that aircraft or whenever i hear the telltale roar of those engines over our skies in the summer. defiant, brave, indefat igable. but it wasn't through choice
that britain was alone. churchill never wanted that. indeed he spent the months before the battle of britain trying to keep our french allies in the war and then after france fell, he spent the next 18 months persuading the united states to come to our aid. and in the post-war period, he argued passionately for western europe to come together to promote free trade and to build institutions which would endure so that our continent would never again see such bloodshed. isolationism has never served this country well. whenever we turn our back on europe, sooner or later we come to regret it. we've always had to go back in and always at a much higher cost. the rows of whitehead stones in lovingly tended war cemeteries stand as silent testimony to the price this country has paid to help restore peace and order in europe. can we be so sure that peace and
stability on our couldn't nent are assured beyond any shadow of doubt? is that a risk worth taking? i would never be so rash as to make that assumption. it's barely been 20 years since war in the balkans and genocide. in the last few years, we've seen tanks rolling into georgia and ukraine. of this, i'm completely sure. the european union has helped reconcile countries which were once at each other's throats for decades. britain has a fundamental national interest in maintaining common purpose in europe to avoid future conflict between european countries, and that requires british leadership and for britain to remain a member. the truth is this. what happens in our neighborhood matters to britain. that was true in 1914, in 1940, in 1989, or you could add 1588,
1704, and 1815. and it's just as true in 2016. whether we influence europe or it influenced us, and if things go wrong in europe, let's not pretend we can be immune from the consequences. second, the international situation confronting britain today means that the closest possible cooperation with our european neighbors isn't an optional extra. it is essential for this country's security and our ability to get things done in the world. we see a newly belligerent russia. the rise of the daesh network to our east and to our south. the migration crisis. dealing with these requires unity of purpose in the west. sometimes you hear the leave campaign talk about these issues as if they are, in and of themselves, reasons to leave the eu. but we can't change the continent to which we are
attached. we can't tow our island to a more congenial part of the world. the threats affect us whether we're in the eu or not, and britain washing its hands of helping to deal with them will only make the problems worse. within europe, they require a shared approach. by the european democracy, anytime since the height of the cold war. it's true of course that it is nato and the transatlantic alliance that we look to for our defense. the principle enshrined in the north atlantic treaty that an attack on one is an attack on all, that remains the cornerstone of our national defense. that fundamental sharing of national sovereignty in order to deter potential aggressors, that is as valid today as it was when nato was founded in 1949. it's an example of how real control is more important than the theory of sovereignty. the european union and the close culture of intergovernmental
cooperation between governments which it embodies is a vital tool in our armory to deal with these threats. that's why nato and top military opinion, british, american, european, is clear that the common purpose of the eu does not undermine nato. it is a vital reinforcement to it. and they're equally crystal clear. britain's departure would weaken solidarity and the unity of the west as a whole. some who wish us to leave the eu hope the entire organization will unravel as a result. i find this extraordinary. how could it possibly be in our interest to risk the clock being turned back to an age of competing nationalisms in europe? and for britain of all countries to be responsible for triggering such a collapse would be an act of supreme irresponsibility, entirely out of character for us as a nation. others suggest that britain
stalking out could lead to, and i quote, the democratic liberation of an entire continent. well, tell that to the poles, the czechs, and the baltic states which languished for so long behind the iron curtain. they cherish their liberty and their democracy. they see britain as the country that did more than any other to unlock their shackles and enable them to take their rightful place in the family of european nations. and frankly they view the prospect of britain leaving the eu with utter dismay. they watch what is happening in moscow with alarm and trepidation. now is a time for strength in numbers. now is the worst possible time for britain to put that at risk. only our adversaries will benefit. now, third, the evolving threats to our security and the rise of the daesh network mean that we have to change the way we work to keep our people safe. security today is not only a
matter of hard defense of stopping tanks. it's also about rooting out terrorism networks just as it's about detecting illegal immigrants, stopping human traff trafficking and organized crime. and that makes much closer security and cooperation between our european nations essential. now, i have no greater responsibility than the safety of the people of this country and keeping us all safe from the terrorist threat. as the home secretary said in her speech a fort night ago, being in the eu helps to make us safer. we shouldn't put ourselves at risk by leaving. one of our predecessors, charles clark, reiterated that only this morning. and the message of jonathan evans and john sawyers, former heads of mi 5 and mi 6 respectively, is absolutely unmistakable. britain is safer inside the european union. now, during the last six years, the terrorist threat against this country has grown.
our threat level is now at severe, which means an attack is highly likely. indeed, such an attack could happen at any time. but the threat has not only grown, it has changed in its nature. the attacks in paris and brussels are a reminder that we face this threat together and will only succeed in overcoming it by working much more closely together. these terrorists operate throughout europe. their networks use technology to spread their poison and to organize beyond geographical limits. people say to keep our defenses up, you need a border, and they're right. that's why we kept our borders, and we can check any passport, including for eu nationals, and we retain control over who we allow into our country. but against the modern threat, having a border isn't engh. you also need information. you need data. you need intelligence. you need to cooperate with others to create mechanisms for
sharing this information. and just as the home secretary said a fortnight ago, i can tell you this. whether it's working together to share intelligence on suspected terrorists, whether it's strengthening aviation security, addressing the challenge of cybercrime, preventing cross-border trade in firearms, tackling the migration kricrisir enhancing our own border security, the eu is not some peripheral institution or hindrance we have to work around. it is now an absolutely central part of how britain can get things done. not by creating some vast new eu bureaucracy nor by sucking away the role and capabilities of our own world-beating intelligence and law enforcement agencies. but because their super work depends upon much closer cooperation between european governments and much faster and more determined action across europe to deal with this new threat. as the historian neil ferguson observed, it takes a network to
defeat a network. and european measures are a key weapon. the european arrest warrant allows us to bring criminals and terrorists like one of the failed 21-7 tube bombers that fled to italy. we could bring them back to the u.k. to face justice right away. our membership of europol gives us access to databases to help identify criminals. and we've begun to cooperate on dna and finger print matching across borders too. these tools help us in real-time, life or death situations. one of the paris attackers, salah abdeslam, was only identified quickly after the attack because the french police were able to use eu powers to exchange dna and finger prints with the belgians. before this cooperation, dna matching between two countries didn't take minutes. it could take over four months. in the last few months alone, we've agreed a new passenger names records directory so eu
countries will have access to airline passenger data to enable us to identify those on terror watch lists. these new arrangements provide crucial details about the bank accounts used, the people they are traveling with, and the eu's recently switched on a new database, which is providing real-time alerts for suspected jihadists and other serious criminals. now, i don't argue tt if we left, we would lose any ability to cooperate with our neighbors on a bilateral basis or even potentially through some eu mechanisms. but it's clear that leaving the eu will make cooperation more legally complex and make our access to vital information much slower and more difficult. look at, for instance, norway and iceland. they began negotiating an extradition agreement with the eu in 2001, and yet today it's still not in force. and of course we'll miss out on the benefits of these new
arrangements and any that develop in future. now, you can take the view that we don't need this cooperation, that we can just do without these extra capabilities, but that in my view is a totally complacent view, especially in a world where the difference between a prevented attack and a successful attack can be just one missing piece of data, one piece of the jigsaw that the agencies find too late. you can also decide, as some on the leave campaign seriously do, that even though working together is helpful for keeping us safe, it means giving up too much sovereignty and ceding too much power to the european court of justice. when terrorists are planning to kill and maim people on british streets, the closest cooperation is far more important than sovereignty in its purest theoretical form. i want to give our country real power, not the illusion power.
therefore, britain's unique position and our power in the world is not defined by our menshme membership of the eu any more than it is the myriad of other organizations to which we belong. but our eu membership, like our membership of other international organizations, magnifies our national power. britain is a global nation with a global role and a global reach. we take our own decisions in our own interests. we always have done. we always will do. in the years since we joined the eu, we've shown that time and again with british, national, sovereign decisions about our foreign and defense policy taken by british prime ministers and british ministers. liberating the faulkland islands in a great feat of military endeavor, freeing kuwait from iraq, and more recently our mission to prevent afghanistan continuing to be a safe haven
for international terrorists. as i speak here today, we're flying policing missions over the baltic states, training security forces in nigeria, and of course taking the fight to daesh in syria and iraq. so the idea that our membership of the eu has emasculated our power as a nation, this is complete nonsense. indeed over the last 40 years, our global power has grown, not diminished. in the years before we joined the eu, british governments presided over a steady retrenchment of our world role borne by our economic weakness. the decision to retreat east of sue easy and abandon our aircraft carriers was taken in 1968. since then, we've turned around our fortunes. in the 21st century, britain is once again a country that is advancing, not retreating. we've reversed policy. we're building permanent military bases in the gulf. we're opening embassies all
around the world, particularly in asia. we have a knew strategic relationship with both china and india. we've committed to spending 2% of our gdp on defense, one of only five nato nations to be meeting that target. our expertise in aid, development, and responding to crises is admired the world over. we're renewing our independent nuclear deterrent. our two new aircraft carriers will be the biggest warships the royal navy has ever put to sea. these are the actions of a proud, independent, self-confident, go-getting nation, a nation that is confident and optimistic about its future, not one cowed and shackled by its membership of the european union. it's one of the tools, just one, which we do as membership of nato offer the commonwealth or the five power defense agreement to amplify british power and to enhance our influence in the world. decisions on foreign policy, as
david said, are taken in the eu by yew unanimous nimity. britain has a veto. so suggestions of an eu army are fans iful. national security is a national competence, and we would veto any suggestion of an eu army. but as we sit in britain's national security council, time and again i know that making britain's actions count for more means working with other countries in the eu. let me just take three specific examples of what i mean. when russia invaded crimea and eastern ukraine, there was a real risk of a feeble european response and a split between the united states and europe. i convened a special meeting of the key european countries in brussels, agreed a package of sanctions, and then drove that package through the full meeting of the eu leaders, the european council, later that same evening. i couldn't have done that outside the eu. an example of britain injecting steel into europe's actions,
delivering sanctions which have been far more effective because 28 countries are implementing them, not just the u.k. and at the same time, we maintain that crucial unity between europe and the u.s. in the face of russian aggression. on iran, again, it was britain that pushed hardest for the implementation of an eu oil embargo against that country. and it was the embargo which helped bring iran to the negotiating table and ultimately led to the u.n. sanctions that led to iran abandoning its ambition to build a nuclear weapon. who led those negotiations? it was the eu with britain playing a central role. and on ebola, it was britain that used a european council to push leaders into massively increasing europe's financial contribution to tackling the disease in west africa, there by helping to contain and deal with what was a major public health emergency. if britain left the eu, we would
lose that tool. the german chancellor would be there. the french president, the italian prime minister. so would the maltese, the slow vacs, the czechs, the polish, the sloevians as well as all others. but britain, the fifth largest economy in the world, the second biggest in europe, would be absent, outside the room. we would no longer take those decisions which have a direct bearing on britain. instead, we would have to establish an enormous diplomatic mission in brussels to try and lobby participants before those meetings took place and then try and find out what happened at them once they broke up. would we really be sitting around congratulating ourselves on how sovereign we feel without any control over events that affect us? what an abject act of national retreat that would be for our great country, a diminution of britain's power inflicted for the first time in our history not by economic woe or by
military defeat, but entirely of our own accord. and when it comes to the strength of our united kingdom, we should never forget that our strength is that of a voluntary union of four nations. so let me just say this about scotland. you don't renew your country by taking a decision that could ultimately lead to its disintegration. so as we weigh out this decision, let us do so with our eyes open. and of course there's something closely connected to our power and influence that is absolutely vital, and that's the views of britain's closest friends and allies. before you take any big decision in life, it's natural to consult those who wish you well, who are with you in the tough times as well as in the good times. sometimes they offer contradictory advice. sometimes they don't have much of a view. that's not the case here. our allies have a very clear view. they want us to remain members
of the european union. not only our fellow members of the eu, they want us to stay and could be resentful if we chose to leave. the leave campaign keep telling us there's a big world out there if only we'd lift our sights beyond europe. the problem is they don't seem to be hearing what this big world is saying. there's our principal and indispensable ally, the guarantor of our security, the united states, whose president made the american position very plain, as only the oldest and best friends can. then there are the nations to which we're perhaps closest in the world, our cousins in australia and new zealand, whose prime ministers have spoken out so clearly. the secretary general of nato says a weakened and divided europe will be bad for security and bad for nato. only on thursday, the japanese prime minister, whose country is such a huge investor and employer in the united kingdom, made very clear that japan hoped that the u.k. would decide to remain in the eu. so too have big emerging economies like indonesia.
and then there are major new trading and strategic relationships, china and india, in whom some of the leave campaign claim to vest such great hopes. at least that's when they're saying they're not going to impose hefty tariffs on them. these countries too want us to remain in the eu. our friends and our biggest trading partners or potential trading partners are telling us very clearly it's your decision, but we hope you vote to stay in the european union. by the way, so too are our own dependent territories, gibraltar and the falkland aisislands, fo whom we have a responsibility. so next month we will make our choice as a nation. i am very clear britain is stronger and safer in the eu as well as better off, and the eu benefits from britain being inside rather than out.
this is a europe that britain has helped to shape, a continent that britain helped liberate not once in the last century but twice. and we always wanted two things from the eu. one, the creation of a vast single market, one we thought would benefit our economy enormously and spread prosperity throughout our neighborhood. and, two, a europe in which britain helped the nations which languished under communism return to the european fold, nations who still look to us as a friend and pro-tech tore and do not want them us to abandon now. we did all that. imagine if we hadn't been there. who would have driven forward the single market? who would have prevented europe from becoming a protectionist bloc? who would have stopped the eu from becoming a single currency zone? who would have said no to those pushing for political union? who would have done those things? the truth is if we were not in it, the european union would, in
all likelihood, still exist. so we'd still have to deal with it. now we have the opportunity to have what we've always wanted, to be in the single market but out of the euro. to be at the european council with our full voting and veto rights but specifically exempted from ever closer union. to have the opportunity to work, live and travel in other eu countries but to retain full controls at our border. and to keep our currency. that is, frankly, the best of both worlds. no wonder our friends and allies want us to take it, to lead and not to quit. it's what the chinese call a win-win. the americans would probably say it's a slam dunk. we are britain. no one seriously suggests anymore that after 40 years in the eu, we've become less british. we are proud. we're independent. we get things done.
so let's not walk away from the institutions that help us to win in the world. let's not walk away from the eu any more than we'd walk away from the u.n. or from nato. we are bigger than that. i say instead let us remain. let us fight our corner. let us play the part we should as a great power in the world and a great and growing power in europe. that is the big, bold, and patriotic decision for britain on june the 23rd. thank you. [ applause ] >> the u.k. is stronger, safer, and better off by remaining a member of the eu. listening there to the prime minister of britain, david cameron, making his case for britain to stay within the eu. i want to bring in our phil black, who's been standing by at 10 downing street in london, listening to this. a lot of fear here talking about
terrorism and security, cited as powerful reasons to stay in. how they can share intel, that they'll be poorer if they bail out. so from that, can we expect to see some voters possibly pulled over into the camp of staying within the eu? >> reporter: well, fear is an interesting question in this whole debate, rosemary, because the great criticism of the brexit campaign is those who want britain to get out, they claim that much of the prime minister's rhetoric up until this point has been based around fear. they've labeled it as project fear. what the prime minister was probably trying to do today, we think, is to try and establish in his words that big, bold, patriotic case that talks about britain being proud and successful, having that long, proud, independent history, being more so now and looking forward to an even greater history indeed. so it was interesting. it was a very emotional speech really and patriotism was certainly at its core.
it took in the sweep of history. it took in the sweep of britain's involvement in conflicts on the european continent. he talked about war graves of british soldiers. he talks about the battle for britain, the roar of the spitfire engine and how that even makes his heart swell. there is no doubt that this was all about patriotism and pride in britain, in where it is, where it stands. and very much an answer to what is the patriotic case of the brexit camp, that is that britain has given up too much of its sovereignty, that it is a lesser nation because of its involvement. so at every level, the prime minister there was trying to turn that around. stronger and safer. these are the key issues that he was really hammering home. he talked about it in very stark terms, even saying that europe, you cannot be assured that there cannot be more conflict on the european continent. that he would never be so rash to say that, and that in order to assure that that doesn't happen again, europe needs
britain's engagement and leadership. rosemary. >> the public referendum is in about six weeks. we will know then where the public stand. but of course there will be much discussion and debate throughout the day as people digest what david cameron had to say. our phil black standing out there at the front of 10 downing street, many thanks to you. and russia is holding its annual military parade to celebrate victory day. moscow is beaming with pride as the country commemorates victory over the germans back in 1945. there also will be a wreath laying ceremony at the tomb of the unknown soldier. our matthew chance is in moscow's red square right in the heart of those fesztists. and of course we're seeing again, same at last hour. beautiful weather. talk to us about how the day is likely to play out and what people are feeling on this day. >> reporter: you're right. it's an absolutely scorching day, and you can see the parade in red square has already begun. these elements of the military
equipment that have been paraded already through red square. you can make out some aircraft flying over the kremlin right now as well. and it really is a display of national pride today. you can see tens of thousands of people have turned up, lining the streets of central moscow to, first of all, first and foremost, commemorate the millions of people who died in the second world war from russia and the soviet union. estimates of the death toll from this part of the world between 25 and 28 million people. and so virtually every family across this region is touched by it. they still remember it very strongly, and it's a deeply solemn occasion. but it's not just about the past. it's about the present as well. it's an opportunity for the kremlin to show off their latest military hardware. that's what we're seeing right now, their latest military jets flying through the air. the soviet era jets as well of
course. i can see a supersonic bomber flying over red square as we speak. as the latest military tanks and hardware files past to celebratory crowds through the streets of moscow. this is a day of remembrance, but it's also a day of national pride and triumphalism on the part of the russian nation. >> our matthew chance there. a glorious day in moscow. and just before we go, just very quickly, we haven't got a lot of time, but vladimir putin, we'll expect to see him there of course. and what will his role be in this day? >> reporter: well, of course he's the commander-in-chief. the parade, as i say, has already begun. there's already been a march past vladimir putin as the troops, thousands of them, saluting him and now these aircraft are flying past the stand where he will be standing
much he's already paid tribute to the millions of war dead. he announced a moment of silence before this parade got under way. but that mood of solemnity has now given way to this triumphalist, nationalist feeling, which has really been one of the ways the kremlin has bolstered support for itself during this time of economic crisis and strained relations. >> russia marking world war ii victory day. it is nearly 11:00 in the morning there. our matthew chance joining us live from moscow, many thanks to you. i'm rosemary church. remember you can connect with me anytime on twitter on rosemary cnn. early start coming your way for our viewers here in the u.s. for everyone else, stay tuned for "cnn newsroom" with our max foster in london. have a great day.
a civil war erupts within the republican party. donald trump hitting back at house speaker paul ryan. threatening to drop ryan if ryan does not endorse donald trump. hillary clinton doubling down. accusing donald trump of being a loose cannon and while bernie sanders insists he's in the race until the last vote is cast. the wildfires bigger than new york city raging. is help finally in sight? good morning. happy