tv Anderson Cooper 360 CNN July 15, 2016 5:00pm-6:01pm PDT
us. . >> reporter: this is the third major attack in france in just over a year and a half and there is a definite sense when you talk to people that they're starting to question the ability of this government to maintain a secure situation here, erin? >> clarissa, thank you so much, live from nice and our breaking news coverage of turkey and france continues now with "a.c. 360." >> good evening. if you've been watching cnn for the last several hours our breaking story, a military coup under way in turkey and one of america's closest nato allies and it is hard at this hour to get a clear read on exactly what is happening on the ground. clearly, there are thousands on the streets and some of them called outdoors by the president after military forces attempting the coup declared martial law and for people to remain indoors. a curfew was put into effect, but as you see people are in the streets. moments ago we witnessed a tense
confrontation and you see it there protesters facing down a tank and soldiers firing weapons in the air and we've seen confrontations and classes around the night and already we've seen bloodshed. [ gunshots ] >> that occurred at the base of the bridge between a european and asian turkey, loud explosions heard in istanbul and the capital ankara. a turkish warplane reportedly shooting down a helicopter, some of the coup plotters were using. tanks and troops from the second largest military base in nato -- excuse me, the second largest military out in nato, turkey's
elected president's whereabouts unknown at this hour, though he promised to return to ankara. as you can see, there are casualties and we do not know how many people are wounded or killed and we want to be exceedingly careful about everything we report tonight. we want to bring you everything we know and there could be a whole lot happening that nobody has a complete handle on. no one has the entire picture yet only pieces of it. we'll be hearing in the next two hours from people on the ground, veteran observers and the world reacting and responding. first, joining us by phone from a hotel overlooking the bosphorus bridge, cat cohen, an american in istanbul saw what happened. explain to me what you saw and what you heard. >> well, we are on lockdown right now in the four seasons on the bosphorus. we can see the bridge. weigh went outside. i'm with my boyfriend. he's a professional photographer and he was photographing and videoing what was going on and we heard the bomb about ten
minutes ago right near the bridge. everybody jumped up from this little outdoor area, went ins e inside. all of the lights were just shut down and we were hearing gunshots, helicopters overhead and we just had fighter pilots go over us. >> the bridge itself -- i don't know if you were able to get a look at it or if you can get a view of it, but i assume the military were in control of that bridge, is that correct? or at least had blocked it off? >> yes. we -- we can see the bridge from here and we were, frankly, lucky to get back to the hotel because we were out having dinner in another neighborhood, and luckily, i have a security guy from new york in new york city and texted me when everything happened and we could not get a taxi. we couldn't get an uber and we couldn't get a car and we called the hotel and they couldn't get a car out to us and jumped into
a civilian car and took us as far as we could go and we walked in the streets and everyone is walking the streets, and because there was a curfew set and people were running to try to get back and we luckily just made it back to the hotel. >> the bridge -- the bomb, though, that occurred. do you know if it was close to where the military was? was it close to where civilians were? do you know? >> well, from what we can see i'm out on the bosphorus and the bridge is to the left of us, it sounded like it occurred on the asia side. we're on the europe side right near the bridge. very, very close. >> and are you seeing, are there flames or anything like that or is there any aftermath to it? >> yes. i mean, as soon as that happened we heard two fighters jets just overhead and all of the lights got shut down in the hotel and it got dark out here.
the u.s. embassy has told people not to get to the u.s. embassy and basically stay where you are and monitor local broadcasts. >> correct. we were told, i've been in touch with a bunch of people in the states and everybody said stay where we are. do not leave. we have not been able to contact the embassy. we can't get through. i have some people to contact the state department to let them know we're here because we are supposed to leave tomorrow morning. >> we will continue to check in with you. as you said, you should just stay where you are. kat cohen, thank you. joining us now is chief national correspondent jim sciutto with more on what is now a full-fledged national security crisis. for the last hour it's you, i, everybody has been watching and we've seen thousands of people in the streets in turkey more than that, the fighting and the gun fire. what else -- do we know exactly what the status of this military attempt is?
>> well, let me tell you, speaking to u.s. officials, they don't know for sure yet. they're not ready to pronounce the successful or unsuccessful, but the indications recently have been that the coup has failed for a number of reasons. one, you have official sources, and national intelligence unit announced a short time ago that the coup has been defeated, but you see other evidence of that and you're beginning to see images of the soldiers being arrested by police units and we saw remarkable images -- >> jim, we should just point out to the viewers the police is an organization, a force which erdogan, the president, has really been able to put his people in and kind of taken over the military has been more in conflict particularly, more junior officers and a lot more senior officers have been replaced by erdogan. >> it's a good point. the police force is more loyal to erdogan. the military, if not disloyal. some there questioning,
particularly more recently that many of the country and saeb as frankly, undemocratic. early on in this, i was speaking to people on the ground in istanbul and they said look for erdogan to mobilize the police to counteract the coup plotters and that's exactly what we saw and the more powerful force and we're looking at the people because remember, the military imposed martial law a couple of hours ago. it imposed a curfew, but all those people that you're seeing on your screen there, they defied that curfew and that's something that erdogan said when he made the statement. he said go out in the streets and give your answer to the coup plotters and that's, in effect, what you saw there. the people did not seem to heed the call of the coup plotters, and as that has been repeated elsewhere and you've seen it in a number of other cities and that's the sign that this coup, and we don't know for sure yet, certainly, but a sign that this could be would be failing. >> erdogan is not universally
popular in turkey. he has been democratically elected, but basically with a slim majority of the vote. >> no question. listen, i know journalists in turkey, hard-working journalists who have been fired from their jobs because they criticized the government. you have media operations shut down there by erdogan because they were seen as disloyal and not just the media. opposition figure, as well. this is a leader and i'll tell you that even western leaders have an uncomfortable view of his moves not just those perceived as anti-democratic, but those perceived as anti-secular. he is an islamic leader and he has taken many moves that in the past were not seen as acceptable in turkey and it is a country that the military has defended and seen as its role to defend a secular government and he has the perception that he's moved his government -- i'm want snotg
in an islamist extremist direction, but in a direction most are not comfortable with. >> in a coup, a coup requires great planning and the fact that they were able to pull this off and surprise just about everybody is notable, but the fact that they did not actually take erdogan into custody, whether they attempted, couldn't find him, i believe he was on vacation at the time. i mean, traditionally that is one of the first steps that is attempted in a coup to try to take the prime minister and try to take the president into custody. >> that's right. they weren't able to do that and it is possible and the reports were that he was on vacation on the coast of turkey or on the aegean sea, the mediterranean sea that that may very well have been the time to attempt this coup because he was not in a major city in istanbul or in the capital of ankara. it's possible that was by design. i'll tell you, anderson, from early on this was -- a remarkable show of military force. tanks in the street.
>> i know, i just want to show, this was a scene we saw earlier and it gives a microcosm of the situation. you have protesters there and pro-erdogan protesters, i assume -- heading toward soldiers who are firing in the air and the soldiers are faced with do they shoot into the crowd or do they not? if they don't, the protesters know that they can keep approaching and that's exactly what has happened in this scene and this is not live and this occurred shortly before we went on air and you see the soldiers walking back and the protesters continue to approach and they engaged with them and everybody is yelling and the soldiers are not firing into the crowd and in the end, jim, that is perhaps what makes the difference between weather the protesters will win or not if these -- i mean, we don't know the strength of this military coup, whether it is junior officers as erdogan's government is saying or whether it goes deeper than
that. >> you're right. it doesn't appear that the military that was involved in this coup was willing to take the step of firing on the people. now, there are reports and we've seen injured people. there were reports of some firing into the crowd and there were also reports of gun fire at the presidential palace in istanbul and government buildings in ankara, the capital, but what you haven't seen is widespread. we haven't seen if we want to look back 25 years, a tiananman square situation, firing into the crowd with hundreds dead and perhaps that was why the coup failed because the people overpowered the military. >> the idea that the coup has failed and that is largely come coming from the military -- a military intelligence unit? is that correct? >> it's coming from a number of government o ifibles and we spoke a short time ago with the
senior adviser to the program and they're getting things under control and they hope to have things under control. >> pro-erdogan. >> exactly. they have an axe to grind in this and they want to show stability, but we have seen images of soldiers being arrested by police and we've seen images of crowds like this going into the state broadcaster and taking it back from soldiers who had taken the state broadcaster and you have isolated examples where the military has lost out. to that point that jim has made and we have just learned that the turkish state broadcaster trt as jim says was taken over by the faction of the military in an attempted coup and it is in pro-erdogan control. barbara starr is monitoring developments from the pentagon. the obama administration, were they at all prepared for something like this to happen or were they caught off guard? >> i have to say, i don't think there was any indication anyone in washington tonight was prepared for this.
for hours we talked to officials across the city and officials at nato and everybody continues to say even now they are monitoring it, and it's very cautious monitoring at the moment, anderson, because what they are seeing in turkey tonight and they're not sure what to make of it, rrlts of whether the coup succeeds or fails has become a national security crisis and why is that? because turkey is such a close ally in the war on terror. there are about 1500 u.s. troops in southern turkey at a base called incirlik. they fly missions out of there every day, even tonight, against isis in syria. the u.s. wants to see that continue and they want the turks to crack down on the border to keep isis from syria coming into turkey and potentially moving on into europe and plotting more attacks. they want the turks to crack down on terrorism, but here's the big problem.
if the turkish military, government-controlled military is not in full control of the country and if there is a coup it becomes a very difficult matter of policy for the u.s. to stick it out with the turks and they don't do business with the countries where there are coups and things are taken over by force and there is not a democratically elected government. we'll have to see how it all plays out, but the decision tonight in washington, support the erdogan government and try and ensure that they can try and maintain some stability because turkish politics aside, the big get for the united states, keep access to those bases and keep the turks in the fight against iceis. >> this was another one of those very tense scenes and we witnessed more than an hour ago. i believe it is a military vehicle because there are units that look like military trying to get through the crowd and at times some in the crowd punched at the vehicle and punched at
some of the soldiers and they let the vehicles go through. the soldiers holding up the turkish flag. barbara, the u.s. has 1500 troops stationed in turkey. do we know what their status is tonight? >> we checked a short time ago. we are told that the base at incirlik that we're talking about that everything is secure, that there are no problems, that those air strikes continue, but it's a big but. if the government in turkey cannot reassert control around the country, behind the scenes they have already begun looking at some planning scenarios if they had to send additional u.s. troops into turkey to protect the u.s. military at the base or had to send marines to the embassy to protect that u.s. installation and what about all of the u.s. citizens that tonight are in turkey with the
istanbul airport still shut down. how do you get them out of there? how do you get those americans back home? >> yeah. >> whether the coup continues on or not this is a big mess for washington tonight, anderson. >> we talked to one american woman at the four seasons, but we've also heard from others who said they couldn't get back to their hotels where they were staying. barbara starr, thank you. jim sciutto, as well. joining us from the streets garkan. first of all, if you can tell us where you are, what you're seeing around you. >> hello, anderson. right now i am very close by to the prime minister's office with a group of, i guess, 200 people. people are panicking, but at the same time they're trying to help the police forces which are not many and they're building barricades to the roads and everyone are talking the soldiers are coming. >> the people you're with are pro-erdogan, pro-government
individuals. >> yes. for the last couple of hours most have been calling people to come out and i guess they came after their prayers. >> we've also heard a number of mosques exhorting people to go into the streets to back up the government. >> yeah. i can say i'm the group of people like that. any time there is a prayer call from the mosque people are clapping and shouting. >> the turkish government is saying that the coup is over. does that seem likely? i know your vantage point is just your vantage point, but from where you are now do you see soldiers still on the streets? >> well, i haven't seen any soldiers today, but i've been hearing gunshots like every 15 minutes and it's almost 3:00. >> the gunshots continue even at this late hour. >> yes. yes. sometimes you hear guns and also gunshots and the warplanes and
the helicopters continue to maneuvering on the top of the city. >> there have also been reports that people are panicking and trying to get money from banks and trying to stock up on food and it's obviously the middle of the night. have you seen that? >> right after midnight i was walking around and i've seen many people panicking and running to the stores and buying anything possibly they could, mostly bread and water and bakery stores and a lot of people are outside and atms, of course, many of the atm machines, people are running to get some cash. >> hakan, stay on the line. i want to bring in alev. if you can tell us where you are and what you're seeing. >> i am 200 meters from thaksin square. there were soldiers and police and it was tense, but no gun shots yet. i live right here thaksin square, and i've been watching it unfold from my terrace and
hearing the gun shots and hearing the bridge being taken over by military vehicles. [ inaudible ] >> and it's been keeping up. it's pretty silent now. >> as far as you can tell, is the -- is the military which were behind the coup, are they still on the bridge? >> it's hard for me to tell. i've been looking at the bridge with binoculars, but i'm not entirely sure. i do have a friend currently at the airport which was seized by the army at the very beginning of this and he says there have been scenes of supporters of erdogan surrounding the neighborhoods in southwest istanbul shouting support for
the president and they confronted the army and the soldiers there who were waiving their guns in their faces, but no shots were fired at the airport and very much a show of support for the president, at least in that particular scenario. >> we've seen a lot of video earlier, particularly, from the airport, and as you say, a lot of people what looked like hundreds at the very least streaming toward the airport. hard to tell who they were supporting, but you were saying from the person on the ground, there were erdogan supporters there which certainly jives the call from erdogan for people to go into the streets and we have heard shots fired throughout istanbul. do you continue to hear shots at this hour? >> i can hear them rid now. [ inaudible ] >> at first they sounded like fireworks and then they are pretty obvious that they were --
[ gunshots ] >> hakan, if you are still with us. the faction is unhappy with erdogan. how does that translate to the streets and to the public? what sectors of society do not support him? >> well, right now with this group of people i'm with, the action is not the action by the turkish army and a group of soldiers and they try to be against the soldiers. >> and the police are more aligned with erdogan, in support of erdogan? >> yes. definitely. >> alev, in terms of the mood of the country, was it surprising to you that it developed the way it did as quickly as it did. if someone told you yesterday that a coup was about to take place, would you have believed them? >> i would have been surprised and the consensus that erdogan has been fairly successful in bringing the army together in
the past few years in particular. and the constitutional changes and very strategic hiring of army chiefs and a whole lots of ways. in pack, he has himself boasted that turkey is free, and so that's very much been his line that he's brought the army under control and he's in charge, everything's fine. so i mean, yeah, it's definitely surprising. >> previously, he's accused a number of military officers of planning a coup and alev, and hakan, as well. be careful. joining me is retired general wesley clark and ivan watson who has deep experience reporting from turkey and lived in istanbul. ivan, first of all, what is your sense of what is happening on
the streets right now? >> reporter: clearly, a power struggle and we are still waiting to see which way it goes in the end. things do not look very good for the coup plotters at this stage. i think what this underscores, anderson is how far, sadly, turkey has sunk in the last few years. it was just four or five years ago that it was being promoted as a model of stability, an example of democracy to the broader muslim world. right now just a few weeks ago you had a triple suicide bomb attack carried out against istanbul airport. that following several other ghastly isis suicide bomb attacks in different cities around the country and you have a raging civil war going on in parts of the southeast of the country between the turkish state and guerillas from the largest ethnic minority in the country, the kurds and now you have clearly this eruption that has just taken place in a
society that was already very, very polarized, primarily over recep tayyip and has won election after an election with staunch support from conservative working-class sectors of the society. those same sectors that are out in the streets expressing their support for their leader. anderson? >> obviously, we are watching this very carefully. i mean, it does seem to reiterate what ivan has just said that the balance may be tipping towards supporters of erdogan and certainly just the sheer numbers of people that have come out in the streets. i also want to introduce tonight former advise supervisory agent alex sufan and former director of the central intelligence james woolsey who is joining us. i appreciate it. secretary woolsey, if i can start with you, what do you make of what you're seeing? >> i was very surprised to see this. i spent about six months in
turkey a little over a year ago, and there were tensions, but i thought that this was quite surprising -- >> because erdogan had -- you thought he had more control of the military? >> each time, each event more or less produced an increase in his authority and he was very resolute about it. >> they're claiming this is basically junior officers and low-level people and a lot of the troops on the streets look very young. do you buy that? >> it could be true. the older officers that were more or less in the ataturk tradition, a number of them were moved out, some several years ago, i think. >> ali sufan, does it seem to you that this coup is succeeding? >> it doesn't seem like it. it looks like the coup doesn't have the support of the top military brass and the chief has been rescued by the security forces and the police and especially the paramilitary police that appears to be very
loyal to erdogan and seems to be taking back public squares along with protesters. >> by the way, i'm just learning from a presidential source that apparently president erdogan has actually landed back in istanbul which is obviously -- the fact that he was not apprehended at the start of this coup, that's sort of coup 101. you try to imprison the president and imprison the prime minister in order to gain real control. the fact that he's able to get back to istanbul is very delling. >> he told his people to go use social media -- >> yeah. you said facetime. he told people to take over the service, and m.i.t. which is extremely strong and they get more and more power especially with the war in syria and they have law enforcement agencies and you're going antithe coup and most of the top military
brass, they don't appear to be supporting the coup. so it doesn't -- it doesn't look good, but it's going to be an interesting time because the president erdogan said something very interesting. he claimed the coup on a parallel state. when he says parallel state he means gulan who resides in pennsylvania at the poconos. >> he has a whole network of schools. >> they do services and schools all over the muslim world and he was one of the big supporters of president erdogan early on and they clashed when president erdogan started to develop a policy which is kind of viewed by some as a ottoman policy and the u.s. government always supports and in this case, they supported a legally elected president and now the situation is how this situation will be
between erdogan and between the united states when it comes to being in pennsylvania especially that he said that he's behind it. >> general wesley clark is also with us. general clark, what do you make of what you have been witnessing over the these last several hours? >> lots of mistakes by the coup executers and we don't know who they really are yet. they're not identified. >> mistakes such as? >> want arresting the president. not shutting down the internet. not being able to block the social media of not having sufficient troops with sufficient power to intimidate protesters. i mean, the thing about these coups and we're not encouraging it, we're discouraging it, and history shows that if you're going to execute one of these coups you have to really mean it. going back to panama in 1989 when a man walked in on dictator noriega and after a couple of
hours noriega talked him into giving up the pistol and he shot him because the guy who executed the coup didn't really mean it. so in this case i think all the indicators to me look like it's not successful. now what we're not hearing as much about is ankara. so if -- if the coup has total control in ankara, has shut down the meeting and controls the institutions of government then it's only a matter of time before they can handle istanbul. they'll have problems in rural turkey because that's where the bulk of the supporters for erdogan are. but it's the middle of the night over there and we won't know much until the sun comes up. >> that raises an interest point and probably an important one and the fact that erdogan according to the source has now returned to istanbul. he said previously that he was going to go to ankara? does that tell yoi something? >> yes. i think that's a big move,
making it look like he's going to succeed. >> when, in fact, ankara may still be in the hands of the coup plotters. >> i think this is one thing and it's not a happy situation and things may turn very sour and there is one positive aspect, at least one that i want to share. turkey is a prosperous and progressive place with its workforce. i was there for six months and every time you turn around downtown you run into another building. there's high technology companies, and there are people who are well educated to be employed doing useful things and you compared turkey with a country like saudi arabia or much of the rest of the middle east and it's fundamentally just different. even in spite of some of the cutbacks on the ataturk reforms and i think we need it and we need to work with it and we need to have it work with us. i've -- in both diplomatic jobs
and in intelligence jobs i've been stunned by how cooperative and helpful my turkish colleagues were. >> does, though, i would -- do we know what happens after this? does this make the government move in a more islamist direction? obviously, these coup plotters are going to be dealt with pretty severely by erdogan. he's already said as much. director woolsey he's been able to take over more and more of the military and this certainly seems to be the final straw. >> it does. i believe so. i think erdogan is probably a very controversial figure inside turkey, but he is a very popular figure earnispecially in rural s and he is appealing to many turks so he's going to get -- >> sorry. i've just been given some information. pro-coup soldiers have arrived at the offices of our sister
network cnn turk and these are images from cnn turk. it is not clear to us how long cnn turk will be able to remain on the air. we are getting this -- the soldiers are now actually in the offices of cnn turk. again, it's a sister network to cnn and again, we are not sure how long their images will continue to be broadcast. is that office -- charlie, is that office -- where is the location of that, do we know? that's in istanbul. okay. so that's just another piece -- so for those who are saying -- yeah, actually, ivan watson, if we can bring you in on that. you've obviously been to cnn turk, what does that tell you? >> well, the first apparent targets of the coup plotters was to go after trt and is not terribly popular in turkey and we have since learned that that's gone back into the hands of the government. what didn't make sense was the
fact that the coup plotters did not go after private television news networks like our sister network cnn turk that broadcast president erdogan's message on his cell phone calling for his people to go out into the streets. so at this late hour for soldiers to be showing up at the headquarters of the doan news agency which joint operates cnn turk it seems a bit late in the game to be trying to show up at that place and it raises concerns for the safety of our fellow colleagues and journalists at that headquarters, at that network right now since they've issued that warning saying they may be forced off the air in the next five to ten minutes or so. >> a coup like this, at what level of preparation does -- i mean, it's a -- there are a lot of moving parts to something like this, you've got to keep it secret and you have to have enough confederates who have enough troops at their disposal
who will be loyal to them. it's not something that will be planned and this has been planned for quite some time. >> i think with coups as with military operations and the plans never survive the first part of the operation. you have to be flexible enough to change your tactics as you're going through and it doesn't sound like these coup plotters have that kind of flexibility. >> general clark, does that seem true to you as well? >> it does, but we don't have the complete picture of what's on the ground. we're hearing from istanbul and we're not hearing from ankara. this will be a classic dilemma for the coup plotters and it could be that they've taken over ankara and that's why we're not hearing anything. >> and the importance of an car a that is the capital of the nation and the seat of government.
i assume the greatest amount of military resources are there, is that correct? or military intelligence? >> i think -- yes, that's where the headquarters is and that's the seat of government and if you were especially if this was done by junior military officers that's where the power is and istanbul is the real power in turkey aside from the government ministries and so, of course, erdogan's going to go there, but he's very controversial in istanbul. this is the middle of the night so his support is throughout over four or five years, six years of demonstrations against some of erdogan's policies by different groups in istanbul and so we don't know what's going to happen when the sun comes up and people come out into the streets. one thing is clear, the military, the scenes we've seen where the military was told to enforce a curfew, they haven't been able to enforce the curfew,
and instead, erdogan's call to go to the streets has been answered, but we don't know what the staying power is here and it's still too early to call based on the information we've got here publicly. >> he raises excellent points and it's easy to look at huge crowds in the streets and say that's a vast majority of people. erdogan was elected with a slim majority and in a lot of places is not very popular. >> he's not and even in istanbul, he's popular in one wear and we're back in stam bell and he is from istanbul. so he has a base of support and his traditional base of support has been in some areas of istanbul and not necessarily in the western areas, but mostly, probably in the eastern areas. so he's going back home and this
is where he's from. his house is in istanbul and that's why it's important for him to go back to istanbul. >> go ahead, ivan. >> anderson, i think it's important also to point out that the wleeders of the main opposition political parties in turkey have all also come out, basically disagreeing with the coup attempt, condemning it. in addition to a number of government ministers and a number of top generals. so you have this very strange position, that's a faction in the military who has made a private play and terms on the ground in different cities, but they don't seem to have the support of -- not just of course, erdogan's akp party, bialso the three main be on sessions during his more than
ten years in power. >> cnn turk, and we said in the media center. we don't earn -- the anchor said we'll try to continue the broadcast until the last moment. our producers are saying you can hear chaos behind the anchor while the anchor was saying that. director woolsey, if it does become a situation and as dawn comes, perhaps things will become clearer and perhaps others will come out into the streets in support of coup plotters, we don't know, but if it is a situation where ankara are -- that's a difficult situation, not only for turkey, but for the how to, this is a nato partner. it's a nato partner and for many years it was a very fine nato
partner and it's gotten complicated in the last decade or two, and i think also we have a -- we have real reason to want things to go well for the turks. we need them in that part of the world. we need their ability to deal with syria and the problem with iraq. we need the stability they can bring and it is fruft rating for many of us who have seen the arrests of journalists and other things that have occurred over the course of the last several years, but as i said, compared to almost all of the rest of the middle east there is a long-term sense of hope, i think, that many of us have about turkey. >> by the way, that banner, that's from cnn turk. it reads on the bottom in turkish, cnn turk broadcast about to be cut. so that's basically a message
from the newsroom. cnn turk, they feel they're about to be cut off the air. while the director was talking just got in some reports, multiple explosions have been heard both in ankara and in istanbul. we don't know the exact location of those explosions and we did hear from an american who was at the four seasons hotel who heard one explosion on one of the bridges over the bosphorus and that was just before we went on air. i'm also getting more information right now that members of the turkish parliament are hiding in shelters in parliament according to reuters. again, regardless of what the military council has said that this coup is over, it may not be as clear cut as that. >> stay tuned, definitely. >> absolutely. >> i mean, obviously, general clark, this is cnn turk apparently being taken off the air.
we are actually watching that happen. all right. >> anderson -- sorry, ivan, go ahead. >> not long ago we had incredible images of erdogan's police force, his own government shutting down another opposition tv station while it was on the air and now we're having this scene kind of replayed with this military faction apparently doing this and there are a couple of points to keep in mind here. the military is a largely conscript army and every turkish male over a certain age has to do his military service. so while there may be a group of supporters for this attempted coup, presumably within that -- those hundreds of thousands of people, some of those people also voted for recep tayyip erdogan and his government which had 49%, 50% support at the polls and big questions about whether the rank and file troops would support this move and i've
spoken to a u.s. career turkish navy officer who was on vacation in turkey when this all blew up, and he said i couldn't believe this is happening. my friends and i are watching this on tv. we don't know who has carry the out this attempted coup, and he was suggesting that -- he just was baffled by it. so clearly, this is not something that has spread out to all branches of turkey's quite large military forces. >> general clark, i want to let you come in here, but it is just a bizarre scene. we all hear about tv stations being taken over during a coup. they are broadcasting live and sending out a message live on television saying we've been taken over and we're about to have our transmission cut. general clark, your comments and then we'll take a break. it's exactly right. the turkish military is conscript and you can look at
tiananmen square in china in '89 and you can look at russia and the former soviet union in '91. you can look at pan nama in '89 whenever things go wrong if the military really means it and they're willing to kill their own people the insurrection is crushed. that's what happened in tiananmen square. on the other end, the military in russia wouldn't attack boris yeltsin and the supporters. and so the 1991 coup fell apart in moscow and we witnessed it on television for those of us that were, you know, around then and watching television, i happened to be at the time an army one star and i was at the national training station and i remember seeing it very clearly on television saying, my goodness, what's going to happen? it is at some point and it does come down to can these coup plotters really control their own forces and will the forces take action against the turkish
people? >> also, i think, and correct me if i'm wrong, sometimes it depends on where the forces are from. if memory serves me i believe the chinese forces brought military forces from outside beijing who would be more willing to fire on people there. they had been told these people are going against the regime. we will take a short break. our coverage continues in a moment. ♪ ♪ the captivating lexus rc, with available 306 horsepower. this is the pursuit of perfection. pretty much over. show's (friend) wish we could start it from the beginning. (jon bon jovi) with directv, you can.
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developments out of turkey. minute by minute things seem to be changing and recently i received word from a source, i a presidential source that the president erdogan has landed in istanbul's ataturk airport and his location is not known and back with alev scott who heard loud bangs from her apartment -- excuse me, her hotel room overlooking the bosphorus bridge. excuse me, her apartment. alev, explain where you are because i clearly haven't got 10 right and what you've just heard. >> so i'm just about 200 meters
from taksim square in my apartment which is on the top floor, and it's -- it overlooks the bosphorus and i've been seeing stuff happening on the bridge and right in the past few minutes fighter jets have been flying extremely low over my apartment to the point where i thought it was an explosion and it was some kind of sonic boom and it sort of blew my windows in, but i don't think it was a bomb. it's just very confusing at the moment. >> is there any way to know the fighter jets, whose side they're on? >> it's difficult to know. it's very difficult to know. i'm trying to follow things happening on social media, obviously. i think -- i heard a report that they were trying to shoot down the fighter jets. as in the government was trying to shoot down the fighter jets which are presumably part of this attempted coup. i don't know with what they are fighting them down or shooting them down. i don't know how the army has
been divided or >> i would be very cautious for our viewers about any of that information. there was also an earlier report a fighter jet had shot down a helicopter that was being operated by coup plotters. they seem to be contradictory reports. as we all know, eyewitnesses' reports are often contradictory and in these early hours, literally early hours of the morning, difficult to know. alev, we will continue checking with you. jeff kell is at ataturk airport where an explosion was heard. when was the explosion? what was it like? jeff, this is anderson. you're on the air. can you hear me? obviously lost contact with jeff. we will try to get him back. that is the airport that as i said, president erdogan is said to have flown into back recently according to a presidential
source. not clear if he's still at the airport. it's also the airport where, after he went on facetime, broadcast on cnn turk, calling people to go into streets, we saw large numbers of people. you see the video from earlier this evening of people streaming toward the airport ostensibly in support of president erdogan. that airport had been in the control of the mutinous forces but not clear at this point exactly who controls that airport. back with jim sciutto and barbara starr from the pentagon, pentagon correspondent. all of us monitoring this situation as well. jim, with reports now of explosions both in istanbul and in ankara, though we don't know the details on any of them, it's frankly unclear what the status of this coup is. >> no question. i have been in touch with u.s. officials and they have been very reluctant early on to
pronounce this a coup. then they came around, they used the term uprising, then later, to say that the coup with any definitiveness is over, and now you hear of continued at least flights by planes because i have seen, to be honest, i have seen some people say they thought they were explosions and others then say they might have been sonic booms. >> alev was just saying that as well. >> exactly. even though you have the president now flying back to istanbul, there is still signs that the rebel soldiers might control things in other parts of the country, including the capital, ankara. so even if the coup plotters might be losing ground in istanbul, it's possible that elsewhere they can still, this is a big country and i think as we're watching this, it's easy to focus on what we see in istanbul but it's a country of 70 million people, lots of different cities. what's not clear is what is the status of the coup plotters in other parts of the country. i will tell you honestly because
u.s. officials are telling me honestly they don't n-for sure. they are still assessing. >> barbara, we should point out we just saw cnn turk saying rebel soldiers, soldiers in support of the coup had entered the building and they are in fear of being taken off the air. that's a picture of the studio there. no one broadcasting, clearly. >> reporter: yeah. this is a very unsettled situation, to say the least. everyone out there who say the coup failed, the coup succeeded, the government is back in charge in certain areas, i endorse what jim just said. for the united states tonight, here is the security crisis. it is not clear who's in charge in turkey. the streets do give us some clues. you know, coup plotter tanks, possibly aircraft, guns, troops, still out on the streets that we see and we don't know what we are not seeing in other cities. so from a milliitary equation, w
did they get there? did they just drive their tanks off bases, did they get there in helicopters and aircraft? this was something that took some organization, some plotting ahead of time. they knew they were going to be able to get off their bases. this situation, far from over. >> again, this scene from earlier but again, this is a military vehicle and just crowds of people stopping it in its tracks, throwing water bottles, trying to hit the vehicle, yelling at military personnel. we will obviously continue to follow this breaking story out of turkey. we are on throughout the next hour. i do want to get quickly to an update out of nice, france. the heart of the french riviera in mourning after the deadly terror attack. the weapon, a tractor trailer. a killer's path covered 1.3 miles along the promenade where people were walking after watching bastille day fireworks. the death toll stands at 84, though that number could rise.
more than 200 people were injured. we now know 52 of them in critical condition according to france's president, many of them children. at least two americans were killed, the father and his 11-year-old son, sean and brodie copeland from texas, also nicklas leslie studying abroad in nice is missing. as for the driver of the truck, he has been identified as 31-year-old tunisian, french citizen of tunisian origin. we are learning more about him. showing you the photo but we will only do that sparingly. the only reason we are showing it is because intelligence officials are trying to gather as much information and are looking for as much information as they can of him. for the latest, let's check in with clarissa ward and paul cruickshank in nice. what do we know about the person behind this, how it happened and whether or not there were any connections to others?
>> well, i think at this stage, it's a really sort of muddled picture that is coming together here, because in essence, this appeared to be and was declared a terrorist attack but what authorities appear to be finding is very little linkage between the attacker and any known terrorist group. no terrorist group has claimed responsibility. authorities here have said that he was known to security services but only in the context of having a criminal record of essentially petty criminal violations. what's more, we are hearing french media reports that he was not particularly religious, he was barely a practicing muslim, he did not attend the mosque, that he was more interested in bodybuilding and also, french media reports that he was a deeply troubled personality. so it's possible at this stage that you are talking about someone who was psychologically disturbed, potentially fitting more into the model of perhaps what we saw with omar mateen in
orlando although even in that situation, i would say there were more indications that this was religiously motivated. >> paul, any more details that you are learning? >> yeah. just to amplify, the mental health of the attacker really looming large, looming increasingly large this evening. his father was interviewed in tunisia. he described his son having multiple nervous breakdowns in which he would be furious and break a lot of things. we have also had people who lived in the same building as him in nice describe how when his wife left him, he went into such a sort of rage that he actually defecated all over the place according to french media reports and also attacked the stuffed toy of his own child in a complete frenzy. this gives you a little bit of a
picture being built up of his psychological frame of mind. no definitive evidence yet from the investigation that he was motivated by radical ideology. that has clearly been the working hypothesis. they have yet to flesh that out. >> we will continue checking in with you in the next hour of "360" as well. want to take a short break. next, the extraordinary events. want to bring you up to date and bring you back to turkey. the coup unfolding, military coup attempt under way. chaos on the streets of major cities, conflicting reports about who is actually in control of the country. with alzheimer's means i am a lot of things. i am her best friend. i am her ally. so i asked about adding once-daily namenda xr to her current treatment for moderate to severe alzheimer's. it works differently. when added to another alzheimer's treatment, it may improve overall function and cognition. and may slow the worsening of symptoms for a while. vo: namenda xr doesn't change how the disease progresses.
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