tv United Shades of America CNN October 19, 2019 9:00pm-10:00pm PDT
♪ this is jared steven leoni. he's 18. he's in city hall in beaverton, oregon. and according to him he's high on mushrooms. so he starts a fight with some cops. they all wrestle and jared grabs a cop's gun and shoots it. more cops jump in. it takes cops two minutes to restrain jared and he makes it out alive. this is white privilege. if that idea bothers you then let's just call it benefit of the doubt. those cops gave jared the benefit of the doubt that his life matters. that his life is worth saving.
even when he takes one of their guns and shoots him. of course when you're black we rarely get that benefit of the doubt. cops murdered laquan mcdonald in less than 30 seconds. cops killed tamir rice in less than two seconds. but jared, he got probation and a fine and just a bump on the forehead. in this episode, we are talking about the difference between two minutes and a few seconds. ♪ ♪ >> you want to call the police on him for having a barbecue at the lake? >> yes. >> you've seen the videos. >> i'm white and i'm hot. >> the last couple years they've been sweeping the nation. >> back where they belong.
>> like a new beyonce album, they drop without warning and are all anybody can talk about for days afterward. >> look at you. the self-appointed barbecue police. >> which one's your favorite? >> around the park here. >> white lady calls the cops on black dudes for barbecuing in the park or won't let black person into the pool. >> get out! get out! >> or white lady won't let black person into a pool. >> i just showed you my key. you're going to take my key out of my hand now? >> i know it sounds like i'm repeating myself, but i'm not. there haven't been this many black people kicked out of pools since mlk had that dream. but my personal favorite is -- >> illegally selling water without a permit. >> white lady calls the cops on a little black girl for selling water on a hot day. what she's doing there, that's the opposite of white privilege. all these videos have a few things in common. all the white people get twitter-worthy nicknames. the white people harassing the black people end up looking properly ridiculous. and this is the key ingredient.
none of the black people end up dead. which is so different than the videos featuring eric garner, philando castile, and so many more. before these videos people like me thought just recording cell phone footage of cops doing unjust things would lead to justice but time and time again we found out it doesn't. cops and people acting like cops get away with murdering black people all the time. so in these new videos the people aren't just recording and waiting for the cops to show up, they're getting involved. >> you seriously would call the police on a child? >> pure bystanders, more upstanders. in so many cases the cops don't have to get involved. and if they do sometimes it's just to comfort the snowflakes. you'll be okay, becky. while the stuff in these videos might be okay for some of you white folks, my people have been talking about these stories since that famous boat ride. so this episode white folks, i'm inviting you to the conversation. welcome to the black people meeting. please don't bring your potato salad with the raisins in it.
now, if we're talking racism, we can do this in any city in the united states. kind of what we do best. but there's one place that's regularly named as the most segregated city in the country. before you start guessing a bunch of cities below the mason dixon line, i'll just tell you. milwaukee, wisconsin. see, milwaukee has the most amount of neighborhoods that are clearly defined by race. yep, the home of happy days and harley-davidson is also the home to a whole lot of racism, structural and -- hold up. another viral video just dropped. right in our laps. >> today is supposed to be the hunter park party. we pull up to start setting up. this lady walks right up to me and says you don't have a permit for this today. i'm going to need to you take this down. so we might have a problem here today. >> that's white people calling the police again, huh? why do they all call the police and they stand there in a certain stance and they wait on you? >> but this one has an m. night shyamalan twist. we were there just as it was going down. >> cnn just rolled up. funny how the universe works.
>> forget cell phone footage. we can use these fancy cnn cameras. >> we need everybody on deck. everybody on deck. >> i got a call i got sent out for. i.d. i can put in your name and stuff. >> i've never heard of such a thing. they're passing out candy. >> okay. then i have to talk to my supervisor, see what's going on. i appreciate your cooperation. >> my name's kamau bell. yeah, yeah, yeah. we're doing an episode about living while black in milwaukee. >> that's right. >> it's rough. >> you're in the right spot. >> we stumbled into some living while black. so what happened? do you mind talking to us first of all? >> yeah. we've been doing work in this park since 2016. for what whatever reason this lady shows up and tries to tell me i don't have a permit and then she proceeds to walk over there and call the police. >> she right there, halloween helen. >> halloween helen? man, black folks, do we have a name yet? halloween helen. it's already started. are you surprised this one happened? >> absolutely not. growing up in mississippi i can
probably still count on one hand probably maybe two or three incidents at the most that were racial. here? i was here not even a year and had my first racial run-in at 14 or 15. if you don't know, you are going to know right away where you are not wanted at or where you're not welcome at. >> wow. we just rolled up. hey, let's see if we can find some living while black. here it is. >> you ain't got to travel too far. >> now we can get back to why we kanl to th came to this park in the first place. i came here to speak to reggie jackson. not that one. or that one. a historian who don't play games. >> it's crazy we walked over here and walked into that. >> it's amazing. we joke about it and we give it hashtag, whatever. it's not funny, though. >> no, no, no. >> especially here in milwaukee because the relationship between the police department and black people in the city has always been a bad relationship. there have been a history of things, incidents of unarmed blacks being killed by the police.
even this neighborhood, the sherman park neighborhood. one of the things that happened is will smith was shot about two blocks away from the gas station. and then later that evening basically it just got crazy. >> on august 13th, 2016 the police shot and killed 23-year-old savill smith. that night around 100 protesters came to sherman park to be near the site of saville smith's killing and things got hectic. a local gas station, an auto parts store, and a bank were all burned down. >> everyone is kind of aware of what happened with the self unrest, but people don't know what led up to that. that wasn't about saville being smith being shot. that was just the precipitating act that led to this explosion. but there were underlying cause that's led to people being very upset. so from 1963 until 2015 the city of milwaukee lost 91,000 manufacturing jobs. 91,000 good jobs left. but a lot of the manufacturing jobs now out in the suburbs or even the exurbs and people don't
have access to get out to where those jobs are. as a result of that you have high rates of poverty, you have high rates of crime, you have schools that aren't very effective. and an underlying cause was the record of segregation in milwaukee. sow know, we're surrounded by 18 suburbs that surround the city of milwaukee. and 86% of the people who live in those suburbs are white. only 6.4% of black people in milwaukee county live outside the city of milwaukee. that's the lowest of any of the most highly segregated cities in the country. especially since 40% of the residents are black. >> hold up. now, a lot of you out there are probably shocked right now because you didn't even know there were black people in milwaukee. but at 40% milwaukee is blacker than chicago, oakland, and blacker than the city of compton. >> what you have is a very diverse city. a very diverse city. surrounded by communities that are not diverse at all. when you look at what segregation has done to milwaukee in terms of the
relationships between the police department and the black community is that black people feel as if they're surveilled everywhere they go in milwaukee. there's one district where blacks make up like 3% of the population in their district but they make up 67% of the people stopped by police. just you look at the incident with the milwaukee bucks player, sterling brown, who was accosted for parking in a handicapped spot. >> take your hands out of your pockets now! >> i got stuff in my hands. >> taser! taser! taser! >> there's sort of this idea you can achieve your way out of these situations. doesn't matter if you go to college, doesn't matter if you do a good job, doesn't matter any of those things. the police will still see you as someone who's up to no good. >> all of these things kind of work together to create a perfect storm in milwaukee. >> i've heard people coming from the south and going man, milwaukee is more -- like i feel racism deeper in milwaukee than i did in the south.
>> yeah. i've often referred to our state as wisissippi. >> that's good. i don't know if i'm allowed to say that but that's good. wisissippi. right now, denny's delivers for free. free delivery in the daytime. free delivery at nighttime. free delivery here, and free delivery there. get free delivery on all your favorites. see you at dennys.com. ♪ for barcelona? we did promise we'd go.
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their business partner to arrive. >> what did they do? >> they didn't do anything. i saw the entire thing. >> you may have been shocked when you first heard about this but i wasn't because i also have some experience of a coffee shop not wanting me to be in their coffee shop. >> kamau came here to the elmwood cafe in berkeley. he met up with his wife who was sitting at an outdoor table. he says he was showing her a book when an employee knocked on the window and told him to go away. >> oh, i went away. and went straight to the internet and told everyone. after those things happened i think a lot about where i get my coffee, and in milwaukee there's a place that if i get kicked out i know won't be because of the color of my skin, it will be because of the content of my character. coffee makes you black is a black-owned coffee shop that serves could have dpoffee to bl and people who are nervous being around black people. >> milwaukee in the '60s was the 11th largest city in the united states. >> really? >> yeah. isn't that strange?
>> this is serita mcfadden, a milwaukee native, writer, and new york city english professor. and she knows all about the racial history of this city. >> people believe that black people moved out of the south to escape racism and then they moved to these northern cities where there was no racism. >> there was so much racism. >> yeah, exactly. >> with hilarisad. >> i never heard that word but i think i knew exactly what you meant. or sadlarious. >> the north or middle west north buys into this nartdive that they are somehow far more superior in terms of character and tolerance. if we call it midwest nice. >> i was going to say that. yeah. >> but there's this like veneer of like i'm not in my heart racist. but you're doing shit that's racist a.f. let's just go with why the city has the shape that it does. so this map is from 1937. it's what they call a security map. but in common parlance we call
it a redlining map. it was a series of maps that were produced by the federal government. they did these surveys in kind of like neighborhood appraisals to determine where they would actually issue home runs. the green areas are good loans. the red is basically areas that they say are on the decline and are blighted. everybody black pretty much concentrated in this area. they made a distifrpgs about where the black people lived. no other ethnic group -- you mean to say the very existence of blackness would devalue this space, therefore blackness should be prohibited from being in this space. that is what you're saying. it's by design. this was intentional. so we can point to a legacy of like systemic inequality. >> when you see this on a map like this, racism not just like a feeling, it's also an institution, a structure. >> so after more than three seasons of this show, this seems like as good a time as any to define the word racism. in my experience most people
define racism as simply hating someone based on their skin color. occasionally i use that definition too. >> i have black relatives who are racist. >> but every anti-racist activist and academic knows that hating someone or just treating someone poorly because of their skin color, that's just prejudice. to get to racism -- >> being racist is not just prejudice. it's prejudice plus power. >> they've prejudice as just one cop. but racism is the entire police department that has that cop's back. if an individual banker doesn't give a black person a home loan, that might be prejudice. but if that banker has the tacit approval of the bank, well, that is racism at work. and in america racism gets a lot of work. it's embedded in all the structures and institution of this country because of how this country was founded. it's why you can't just hire black people into racist institutions and expect the institution to not be racist anymore. and white people if that's making your head swim right now, imagine all that going through your head every time aw ply for a job, talk to a police officer, or walk outside.
no offense to my white crew members. here's the problem with white people. except for these one, two, three, four. five. yeah, five. yeah. he's from alabama. so i don't even think of him as being white. as a black man every video of michael brown, eric garner -- >> mm-hmm. >> philando castile. i'm seeing myself in that. >> mm-hmm. >> even though i've never been in that situation. when eric garner is on the ground being choked out by cops and saying i can't breathe and i find out he has asthma and people are like he's a 6'4" black man with aft ma, i'm a 6'4" black man with asthma. while people don't see white people in these videos and see themselves. we've had enough of these videos now of white women where we're like you must have seen the other videos. you'd think in that moment you'd be like wait a minute, am i about to get a hashtag with a name that's not mine? >> no, they don't. white people also see groups with people of color and they see individuals for white people. that's just their m.o. but it's nice to see that these stories are aggregated because that kind of behavior,
particularly white folks call it like i believe that this black body does not believe in this coded white space, therefore i feel threatened and i know that i have the agency to call some sort of authority figure to correct that. >> where you don't have the agency to be the authority figure. >> and that is how it feels to be in milwaukee. >> everything me and serita talked about may seem impossible and too big to dismantle but there's actually a workshop across town that's trying to do just that. complete with powerpoint. >> we're defining anti-blackness as the distance between black people and your, your acceptance of their dignity. >> it's put on by university of milwaukee wisconsin professor monique liston. >> so today's workshop is focused on understanding dignity and anti-blackness. and so we focus on understanding dignity as sort of our responsibility to interrupt systems of oppression. dignity resonates with folks so deeply because we're talking about every single individual can talk about how their dignity hasn't been affirmed. and this is sort of a deepening,
a practical application of how do we connect on a human level. >> it seems like this work is really important in cities that are going through what the real estate people and the politicians call a renaissance. and i was just -- just went through the milwaukee downtown and you can see construction around it. i'm sure formally that was just like buildings or warehouses or whatever and now it's like oh, this is going to be like high-end real estate. and that changes literally the complexion of the city. >> yeah. i think as milwaukee gains this kind of reputation of being a place where young professionals to be, it's like you have to understand what you're coming into. it's good for white, young, upper-class educated professionals. it's not good for everybody else. so what does it mean for us to actually be in a position to interrupt it? what does it mean to be in a position to say i have this privilege, i have this power, i have this know-how, i run in these circles, we ought to change something about this city? >> so you're like maybe i need to turn this into a workshop? >> boop. >> so talk a little more about the history. >> yeah. so there's a couple steps. i entered grad school and i was in the classroom space and y'all got me effed up.
y'all got black people messed up. you're not thinking about what it means to be black in this city and you're going to hold -- you have the same degree as me, credential, and you don't even know how to treat black people. and that's kind of the impetus of this. >> so did you get your ph.d.? >> yes. >> so i should call you doctor? >> i mean, you know. >> my wife has a ph.d. so i know that's a real serious thing. she makes me call her doctor around the house. >> oh, see? i'm not going to fight. >> all right. so when these workshops happen, sort of anti-blackness workshops, it feels like it's either black people showing up who are like yeah, i already know, you know what i mean? or it's white people who show up who are like oh, my god, i never had any of these thoughts. and if those people are in a room together one of them is not being served sometimes. you know what i mean? >> what we've learned is a lot of issues of other intersections of oppression become more real here. so we focus on race. you can bring up that white people are problematic but why
we're talking about anti-bla anti-blackness is black people play into that too. even you. what does that mean in this space? >> and just for the record, as i came in here one of the producers told me that you're related to sonny liston and i'm pretty proud of that i didn't ask any sonny liston questions. >> oh, yeah. that's my great uncle. >> i'm not going to ask any questions because that's not what we're here to talk about. >> okay. i represent, though. >> i like that. ♪ ♪
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one of the things i have always heard about milwaukee is that it's a city where people are from, meaning that if you're from here and got something going on or if you want to get something going on, you go to chicago or new york or anywhere not milwaukee. according to a study by the university of wisconsin madison, the state lost an average of 14,000 college graduates per year between 2008 and 2012. that's called brain drain. brain drain hurts mach yees ability to innovate or even grow economically over the years. but there are those people who are doing their part to try to keep all the brains here. people like lisa caesar, a harvard-educated entrepreneur, and her brother john ridley, a hollywood writer, director, and producer with a packed resume who's mostly known for winning an oscar or writing this. >> do you believe, sir, in justice as you've said? >> i do. >> slavery is an evil that should befall none.
>> the feel-good movie of the summer. >> the things i had to learn about slavery to even begin to execute "twelve years" is that there's a system that's put in place that becomes mass psychosis. because to make it work you have to get so many people involved in it. and that's the thing that hurts the most, is that we see it still happening. >> they grew up in milwaukee. but like many people they left for careers in new york and los angeles. but now they've come home. and converted part of a defunct brewery that closed over 20 years ago into no studios, an artist collective that takes people's dreams of show business and shows how they can be a reality. >> i just remember as a kid, you know, to be a young black guy in milwaukee thinking about, well, i want to be a writer, i want to be an artist, or i want to work in film and it just seemed like a million miles away. and then you know, 30 years later to actually accomplish those things and realize that there are other young kids, black, hispanic, asian, gay,
straight, queer, whatever, who are feeling that same thing, there are people who could actually do the things they love but do it from milwaukee. >> from milwaukee without having to -- oh, i have a little bit of talent, i'd better get out of here as quickly as possible. >> what if we were to embrace all of that talent instead of systematically suppressing it? we grew up in macwan, a suburb of milwaukee, not exactly in milwaukee. there were no black folks where we grew up, virtually none. >> even when we moved into that neighborhood, as few black people that were on that -- in mackewan, we all lived on that block. we all lived on that block. >> that block was the black section of town. >> and kids used to -- they used to back in the day call it n-word row. >> you always had the sense you were treated as not quite american. not quite as american as everyone else. when you're a child you begin to internalize that. >> and trust me, we had it good
by comparison. our father was a practicing doctor here for a long time. our mother was a teacher. he is a serviceman. he volunteered. you know. and he was in the air force. and he just tells the story about coming up to milwaukee and stopping in a restaurant and when he came back out of the car it was with our mom -- you were a baby in her arms. and he was just acosted by this gang of young white kids. and he thought if he didn't have you in his arms as a baby that they would have beaten him and beaten my mother. he talks about when he got a house, you know, on the phone it was like all good and then he would go to check on the house and they're like who's moving in here? >> yeah. >> and he would talk often, you know, that he would end up on this board and he was like oh, i'm the first black man who was on this board and i was the first black man who was part of this committee. and he wasn't saying it in a bragging way, just talking about his experiences. and i was like, wow, isn't that amazing i did that? he goes, it wasn't amazing but when you're black and particularly black in milwaukee if you did something you became
that first person. and led by example. we are a by-product of our parents. our parents fought, they stood up. and i think the thing that we wanted to do was just create a space and let people know that it's not -- these things aren't accidental. so part of what we want to do is to make people realize you can be comfortable with anybody. what are the things we have in common? what are the things we enjoy? you kind of get people working together. and that's really the thing. >> i like this. i'm going to have to come back here. i'm going to get you to commit on camera. when this episode is ready to air, can we come back and do a screening of it here in your screening room? >> yes. absolutely. i think we can make that work. >> absolutely. >> okay. you got it. >> we'd be so happy. on camera. >> it's a binding contract. >> verbal agreement. >> verbal agreement. >> and people in hollywood never lie. we have nothing to worry about. >> oh, no. that's right. yeah, that's half the fun of a new house. seeing what people left behind in the attic. well, saving on homeowners insurance with geico's help was pretty fun too. ahhhh, it's a tiny dancer. they left a ton of stuff up here.
and accessoriesphones for your mobile phone. like this device to increase volume on your cell phone. - ( phone ringing ) - get details on this state program visit right now or call during business hours. next we're going to switch it up a little bit. instead of a black people meeting we're going to have a people of color meeting. but this episode's been hard. i'm going to have some fun in milwaukee before i get into it. i'm meeting with student activist alona, cindy, letisha, jody, dakota, and calla. they're part of leaders igniting transformation, or l.i.t. for short, which takes on issues of race in milwaukee's education system.
>> down goes frazier! down goes frazier! >> after i pass the concussion protocol and took a hit from my puffer it was time for the people of color meeting. >> i think our organization is filling a need that combines black and brown young people. that's the need i think we fill in milwaukee-s bringing together young people to not only like make our city better but hopefully ease racial tensions amongst people of color. >> in milwaukee that's a big deal. >> very big deal. very big deal. >> something i love about l.i.t. is we're all people of color, people in public education want to like bring brown and black youth together. but they have like white staff. how are you going to do that? you know? we need to just throw the whole thing away and start all over. >> and when you say the whole thing, what's the thing? >> the whole -- >> like concept of public education. >> okay. tearing it down might not be a bad idea.
last year l.i.t. and the center for popular democracy released a report that showed milwaukee's black high school students made up 53% of the student body but accounted for 80% of the over 10,000 suspensions during the 2015-2016 school year. that's double the national rate. and not only that, more than 100 black students were expelled for things white students were just suspended over. worst of all, students of color were nearly 85% of students turned over to police. that's the school to prison pipeline in action. and while the system is obviously racists, often what affects students more is the subtle ways in which educators crossed their boundaries when it comes to race. >> last year we had to pick an organization to work with for the semester and my teacher told me she wanted me to help out a foster home. and i was like, oh, why? and she was like, oh, don't you come from foster care? >> wow. >> and i was like -- and i asked her qur wr did you get from that? and she was like i just -- and i was like you just what? >> i got it from racism?
>> when she was just talking about -- actually this just happened this year. it was actually wacky tacky wednesday. >> i already don't like it. >> i was all crazy. my hair was crazy. and all of me's like ponytails and stuff. and so one of the faculty came into my classroom to give me this college letter or something. but she continues to say you know what you remind me of? a piccaninny doll. i didn't know what it was. i went to google. so i googled what i thought -- >> what she said. >> and she said no, that's not how you spell it. she retyped it in and searched it. >> she told you that -- let me direct you more effectively to the racism. >> yeah. >> this is what a piccaninny doll looks like. and nope, she doesn't look like one. because nobody does. >> if i gave you all the power over time and space and harry potter magic, whatever you want, what would you do to fix these problems? >> i was thinking when you meet someone you see a glimpse of
their past. it would like make us take a step back and think about where we're -- >> i like that one. >> yeah, no, that's good. >> so admit it. you knew it was only a matter of time before we talked about the criminal justice system. and milwaukee has black folks so caught up in the system that it has the most incarcerated zip code in the country, with 62% of the black men there imprisoned by 34 years old. 62%. and in milwaukee county as a whole more than half of all black men in the 30s and 40s have at some point been behind bars. this pipeline to prison can partly be traced to the milwaukee police department's stop and frisk policy. luckily the chapter of the aclu took notice, sued the city and won the case. i met with some of the plaintiffs and wisconsin state representative jared crowley along with ar aclu rep jared english at the wisconsin black historical society. >> there's a perception of the
midwest specifically with wisconsin that black people don't live here. is that -- have you heard that? >> i hear it everywhere i went. i went to new york and when i told people i was from wisconsin they literally had their eyes wide open. >> what part of wisconsin? do you guys really have cows? i'm like ain't no cows in milwaukee, bro. >> this black people meeting is kind of an inside job. see, i'm the aclu celebrity ambassador for racial justice. and i had the same reaction you just had. i'm a celebrity? >> so talk about why the aclu gets involved in this and specifically around including stories that aren't about black people being killed by cops. therefore they're harder to tell and harder for people to understand the racism. >> it's absolutely completely pervasive and not just in cities like milwaukee but especially milwaukee but other cities as well. so what we ended up finding out with the city of milwaukee, milwaukee police department's own data, we found that they were -- they stopped something like 350,000 people unconstitutionally. >> the numbers are ridiculous.
what's harder to measure is the emotional toll when you're not doing anything wrong and you could end up dead for nothing. listen to steven, who was walking home from class and randomly accused of marijuana possession. >> i said i don't smoke marijuana. and he just kind of stopped and just stared at me. it was kind of in that moment where you realize if something happens to you, if you make any sudden movements, you could be on the pavement, it's his word against nobody's. >> so what if you did smell like weed? >> right. >> you didn't smell like a blank robbery. you know what i mean? >> then there's the state rep who's just trying to avoid walking through an area where gunshots were heard. >> if i was a white man walking through the field i guarantee you i probably wouldn't have been stopped. maybe ask if you're all right. >> given you a ride home. >> it was a sunday afternoon and i was driving home, and i noticed that there was a squad car behind me. sirens went off. i rolled down the window. both officers get out of the car and they approach. basically told me that whatever reason, my plates didn't match
the car. so the cop that was on the driver's side goes, checks my information, takes my i.d. the other cop is still staring in the car. he starts playing with the holster on his gun. now, mind you, this is just fresh after southern brown was murdered. philando castile was killed in the car right in front of his girlfriend and his child. i keep telling myself don't, don't say anything, don't get enraged, don't get mad because it could all turn bad. finally the cop does come back. the other officer, he's like, well, everything seems to be checked out. i'm like okay, that's cool. they walk away, get in the car. and i literally turned around to wait for them to pull off. the rage and anger that i immediately felt in that moment. you know, to know that your life can be on a thread like that. it's a fine line. and to them it's just like a snip and that's it.
>> there are people who are going to hear you tell that story and go, what's the big deal? nothing happened. you know what i mean? why are you so angry? >> yeah. and i think that's the crazy part. i mean, i remember telling that story to people and i was like you see a scary movie and the killer is toying with his victim. you know, twisting the knife around as he has his victim gagged. imagine having somebody who has a weapon right in front of you and they are toying with the very thing that has been responsible for the neutralization of people's lives. if you don't see the fear in that, i don't know what else to tell you. >> yeah, yeah. >> one lady, one white woman came in and she asked me, do you get tired of having these conversations as a black man? and it was like, you know what, yes, but at the same time understand that this is the only way that i'm going to make sure that my children see something different. >> right. >> we are the ones who've got to come up with the solution. we are the solution to this. and understanding that we just need some partners. >> that's why we did this, was
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while the aclu plaintiffs' stories weren't violent, those men stood up because they know that those same situations can end up in violence. take the story of maria hamilton's son dontre. >> and i feel his spirit in here. i very seldom go to the cemetery because dontre's blood and life is in this park. >> in 2014 the manager of this starbucks called police on 31-year-old dontre who was waiting for his brother on a park bench. >> the police were actually called on three occasions. the first time they went and spoke with him, they came to the conclusion that he wasn't doing anything wrong, he wasn't bothering anybody, and so they left. >> unsatisfied with the response to her calls, the manager called a personal friend on the force to the scene. officer christopher manny. officer manny confronted dontre, who was unarmed and hadn't been bothering anybody. >> he stood over dontre's head.
dontre was startled, jumped up, and he tried to do an illegal pat-down, and dontre resisted. >> officer manny unloaded 14 bullets into dontre, killing him. and again, dontre hadn't been bothering anyone, even according to other cops who'd been on the scene. >> and his life was taken for that. because of a manager at starbucks profiling him as a homeless man and felt as though his presence stopped them from making money? >> mm. >> warranted 14 bullets? in broad daylight. >> whoo. >> thank you. >> following the shooting the
milwaukee police said dontre had a prior history of arrests and they claimed the arrests were directly connected to dontre's mental health issue. >> was any of that -- >> none of it's true. dontre hadn't robbed nobody. but dontre in 2016 was diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenic. and dontre never tried to hurt anybody -- >> there's an assumption that everybody with mental health issues can turn violent. >> right. >> that's not the case overwhelmingly. >> no, it's not. >> the bigger question here is why are the cops the first responders to so many things that don't involve crime? too often the presence of police criminalizes people who may just be hanging out on a park bench or just having a bad day or may just be in crisis. in 2017 mental illness was a factor in 25% of police shootings. >> this was a couple of weeks before he died. >> wow. you know, the thing i noticed in all these pictures, he's smiling. >> that was his uniqueness.
dontre smiled all the time. and when his life was taken from us, we didn't know what to do. >> adding to maria's grief, the police didn't even file charges against the officer. they said his use of deadly force, 14 shots into dontre, was justifiable. we've heard that way too many times before. >> it was like, am i in a movie? my fight even to this day is the truth. all i ever wanted was the truth. so i was poising for a fight, trying to get the truth. >> whenever a black youth or a black person is murdered by a police officer, often we see the moms step up. >> if we don't save our babies, they're not going to save us. >> maria and the others of eric garner, trayvon martin, jordan davis, michael brown, sandra
bland, tamir rice, have joined forces to help each other and fight for police reform. mothers for justice united to support all the moms whose families have been devastated by police violence. it's an indictment of our entire country that we even need these groups. i wish you didn't have to do this work and i wish you don't feel compelled to do that work, but i thank you for that work. >> thank you. whoever's voice i need to be, i will be that voice, until their parent or their loved ones are strong enough to fight for them. >> thank you. ♪ ♪
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from the videos to the conversations so far, it's clear that at the heart of all these issues is prejudice, but more specifically, racial bias. while some of you may point to extreme examples like the klan or the alt-right and say, hey, that's not me, pal -- i've got bad news. everybody acts on their racial biases all the time without even thinking about it. we just don't all have racism to back us up. acting on racial bias when you don't realize it is called implicit bias, like a white lady in the park seeing a person of color and seeing a threat or criminal, not giving that person a benefit of the doubt as a human who likes to barbecue, and might have contract if you're
friendly. >> a lot of the research is focused on racial attitudes and asks in surveys, are you racist? and people say no. so 100% of people aren't racist. >> university of wisconsin madison professor john diamond, an expert on the subject. >> i was not familiar with the term implicit bias until about four years ago. because something happened to me that was later described as implicit bias. i was calling it racism. >> yeah, so tony greenwald established project implicit about 20 years ago. what they were trying to figure out, what's going on in people's minds before they're able to think about what's the socially responsible answer? so the way to think about implicit bias is you don't have to necessarily dislike people of other races to be affected by it, right? it's in everything that you do. somebody walks through a door and it's a man, you have some assumptions about what that means. we've also been conditioned to not talk about it, right?
>> researchers from harvard and the university of virginia have created a test that can measure a person's implicit bias. the idea being, if we can measure it, maybe we can dismantle it what they find is people have a hard time associating good characteristics with blackfaces. >> is that everybody? >> it's about 80% of white people. >> yeah? what about black people? >> for black people we're less likely to favor white people, but we tend to favor white people slightly. the challenge is thinking about not just what people's intentions are, but how do you grow up in a world where white supremacy is embedded in everything, and you need it in in a way that gets into your subconscious? >> there's a test? >> there is. >> i feel like i'm hip to this stuff. is it smarter than me i guess is what i'm saying? >> i think it is. >> we ask the question many of you have had for three seasons. how racist is ka how? >> i would accept an invitation to a new year's eve party given by a white couple in my home?
if i didn't do that, i wouldn't be able to hang out with my in-laws, strongly agree. >> the first part of the test is situational answers that aren't yes or no. pick the level to which you agree or disagree. most white people can't be trusted to deal honestly with black people? uh -- i'm going to cover this from cnn's eyes. i don't mean my bosses at cnn. you guys are great with black tv hosts. the second part of the host is a little more tricky. quickly pick black and bite faces and decide if certain words are good or bad. this is what the test looks like. you can find it here. but this is what the test feels like. >> i don't like this. i don't like this at all. all right. your data suggests a moderate automatic preference for confirm
confirms over europeans. moderate preference for black people. that's my brand. whether you agree with what the results were, it's the conversations they have after the results. what does it mean? what are the implications of that? it does mean stuff. you connect it to how people react in school, discipline, policing, all those things, it matters. >> i think we'll make everybody on the crew take it. i already know who on the crew is going to have a strong preference for black people. what's up, duane? this week in milwaukee has featured a bunch of great people black meetings and one people of color meeting. hopefully it gives you a sense of what people of color are coming to and what people of color talk about regularly. we have a homework assignment. go and take the implicit bias test. whether you think you're biased or not, racism is a part of your life, with or without you knowing it. if we measure it, hopefully we can disman it.
white folks, if you don't think about your own bias, there's a chance you're going to end up in one of those videos, harassing people who don't deserve it or even worse, getting someone killed. ♪ this week i'm in tacoma, seattle. seattle, washington. i'm talking to white people who want to end white supremacy, and hash tagging it. white now they're protesting a nazi-owned tattoo shop. i say allegedly nazi-owned tattoo shop. i don't want to get sued by nazis.