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tv   Sanjay Gupta MD  CNN  September 2, 2012 7:30am-8:00am EDT

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all of this live for you. and on wednesday, president bill clinton will be speaking at the dnc. you probably recall one of the last times he spoke at a convention. it was a really long speech. when he said "in closing," the crowd cheered. on tuesday, president obama and his vice president joe biden will officially accept their nomination at the dnc. that's a big night. we will of course have all the coverage for you here on cnn. i'll be back at the top of the hour with the latest on flooding in louisiana and the rest of the day's headlines. "sanjay gupta m.d." starts right now. hello there. hope you're enjoying your labor day weekend. today we're going to hear about an exercise danger. in the water, it's unique. fit people are the ones most at risk. it can be deadly, in fact. also, this long-awaited study on diet and living longer. the results were a big surprise to me. i'll share them. first, in between political conventions, we wanted to do a reality check on two big issues.
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first, the big promise of obama care under the microscope. as you know, certainly if you've been watching this program, nearly 50 million americans don't have health insurance. now obama care is supposed to eventually change that, but many of those it's supposed to help now don't know the details. for example, people who can't get insurance because they have what's known as a pre-existing condition. and that bring me to the story of leslie elder. she's a woman with cancer who i met three years ago. >> i always said, i don't get a cold. i get cancer. >> cancer seemed to follow leslie elder. she was diagnosed with breast cancer for the first time in 1988. did you worry about paying for it, paying for the medical care? >> no. at that time, i had good coverage. >> 13 years later, she was struck with breast cancer again. >> as i'm recuperating, i receive $21,000 of bills that i
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was responsible for. >> since elder's first bout with cancer, health care costs had skyrocketed. eventually it got so expensive the elders took their chances and dropped their coverage altogether. in 2005, elder was back in the emergency room, and her doctor told her the unthinkable. >> he said, you have -- your right kidney is -- is breaking apart. you have a tumor. >> family members kicked in to help pay for treatments. even so, the elders' savings was eventually wiped out. the president's health care law is supposed to prevent this type of situation. starting in 2014, insurance companies will be required to cover people with pre-existing conditions like leslie elder at an affordable price. but in the meantime, obama care sets up special programs to
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bridge the gap, to at least make it easier to find insurance. >> this year tens of thousands of uninsured americans with pre-existing conditions, the parents of children when have a pre-existing condition will finally be able to purchase the coverage they need. >> for leslie, the pieces just never came together. she remained uninsured. so she put off doctors' visits. this year, she was diagnosed with cancer yet again. hodgkins lymphoma this time. she died the last day of july. and joining me now is james elder, who's leslie's husband. mr. elder, thank you very much for joining us. i was so sorry to hear the news about your wife leslie. and i appreciate you coming on. i think what happened to leslie is an important teaching point about our health care system as a whole. and i -- i wanted to ask a couple of questions. until the full health care law comes into effect, the government has an insurance program designed to give
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coverage to people with pre-existing conditions like leslie. and i wondered, sir, you know, who did you reach out to for help? and did anyone tell you about this sort of program? >> no, they did not. i was under the impression that pre-existing didn't start until 2014. >> you're highlighting one of the problems. a lot of people, even experts in the field, don't know about this. let me ask a tough question which is do you think leslie would be here now if she had been able to get coverage? >> of course, that's very tough to say. i would say yes, if she was properly taken care of and had the proper tests done. there's a good chance she would be here. >> again, i appreciate you coming on and talking about leslie. seems like not that long ago i was just with her myself. i think, again, it's an important lesson. thanks for being with us. >> you're welcome. so far enrollment in high-risk pool plans is at 1/3 of what was predicted. one issue, as you might guess,
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is cost. individuals paying $500 a month to join the plans, plus up to $7,000 a year out of pocket. we asked someone from the obama campaign or the white house or the department of health and human services, really anyone, to come on and say if this was working as planned. they told us that no one was available. they did give us this statement, though, "enrollment has grown nearly 200% to nearly 80,000 people. with more americans joining every month. and the pre-existing condition insurance plan has literally saved lives." people need to know about it. if you think you might qualify, go on line to pcip.gov. want to turn now to the republicans who, of course, want to eliminate obama care entirely. you've heard that. part of the mitt romney message is that he is the one to save medicare and that president obama is putting medicare at risk. this is vice presidential nominee paul ryan. >> $716 billion funneled out of medicare by president obama. [ booing ]
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>> an obligation we have to our parents and grandparents is being sacrificed all to pay for a new entitlement we didn't even ask for. >> tough words, but the question is, is it true. that $716 billion number is a slowdown in future spending. the president has said explicitly he's not going to cut benefits. obama care does save money bay paying hospital less, but also those hospitals agreed to the change because they think they'll make up for it by treating more patients who now have insurance. obama care also reduces subsidies to private insurance companies through medicare advantage plans. some of the savings go to pay for new prescription drug benefits for elderly people, as well, and some goes to reduce the deficit. it's also worth noting this -- paul ryan, the same paul ryan, proposed the same cost reductions in his house budget plan. mitt romney said he wouldn't make any changes for his part to medicare for the next ten years. shifting gears now, a
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surprising danger for swimmers and anyone who loves the ocean. wow. wow. but you can help fight muscle loss with exercise and ensure muscle health. i've got revigor. what's revigor? it's the amino acid metabolite, hmb to help rebuild muscle and strength naturally lost over time. [ female announcer ] ensure muscle health has revigor and protein to help protect, preserve, and promote muscle health. keeps you from getting soft. [ major nutrition ] ensure. nutrition in charge! has oats that can help lower cholesterol? and it tastes good? sure does! wow. it's the honey, it makes it taste so... well, would you look at the time... what's the rush? be happy. be healthy.
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every summer brings stories that can really make you scratch your head. you're about to learn something that i think is very important. strong, experienced swimmers who somehow drown even in spots they've been a million times before. even in swimming pools. i've learned that the number-one cause of these drownings is something known as shallow water blackout. here to help me talk about this is dr. rhonda milner. rhonda lost her son to this just last year. and she started an organization called shallow water blackout prevention. thanks for joining us. you and i have had a chance to talk about this before. and talk about your son, whitner, who was a swimmer. he was swimming and was with friends when this happened. what were you told about what happened to him that night? >> well, whitner was an avid spear fisherman. he was planning a trip with his friends to go to the bahamas. they were all practicing in the pool, doing conditioning for
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high poxic training for the trip to increase their period that they could breath hold, meaning they could stay down longer to spear fish for fish. and the best we can piece together because we were out of town at the time, was that they were practicing this, and it became late in the evening. everyone got out of the pool, but whitner seems that he went down for one last breath hold. and there was no one else in the pool with him. and so basically what happened is he was breath holding under water, and because of lack of oxygen, he passed out under water and then drowned. >> it's called shallow water blackout. >> yes. >> you know, when you first told me about this, i hadn't heard much about it. had you heard anything about this? >> no. and our whole family, we're all certified scuba divers. i'm a physician. i actually called the medical examiner who did whitner's autopsy. he had never heard of it. so really it made me realize
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that people didn't know about this deadly entity that, you know, was life threatening to many people who practice breath holding. >> people practice all the time, kids do. i want to show specifically, dr. milner, what happens when someone actually is breath holding. if you hold your breath repeatedly or if you hyperventilate first, as you see here, the lungs don't have as much oxygen. that's a key point. they don't have much carbon dioxide either. people don't realize, but your urge to breathe is triggered by having a lot of carbon dioxide in your lungs, not by the oxygen level. so when someone like whitner, for example, holds their breath again on the next dive under water, they run low on oxygen, but with so little carbon dioxide now in their lungs, they don't realize it. they don't come up to breathe, and they pass out. again, i keep repeating this because it's -- swimming pools, people testing themselves to get from one end of the pool to the other under water, holding their breath. that's the exact situation that
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can be dangerous. a lot of times it's caught on film, as well, which is remarkable. i'll show a clip from the discovery channel show called "making the cut." it's a pretty good if not frightening illustration. take a look at this. >> when they do try and push themselves, the most common thing is shallow water blackout. they'll come to the surface and then just sink right back under. they block out. >> get him. get him. >> get him up. >> he's out. he's out. turn him on his side. >> and it's amazing to look at some of that still. they were able to get him out. they were able to turn him on his side. he did okay. the most vulnerable people are those that you least expect. strong swimmers, good athletes. and the question becomes, dr. milner, what do you do about it. again, this is one of those things where people have been doing this for the ages, you know. challenging themselves to hold their breath. >> well, that's what our organization is trying to do is
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to really bring awareness and education to the public. one of our primary goals is for signage, for there to be signage at all public pools to warn of the danger of prolonged breath holding. and that will bring awareness and hopefully lead to education because people will question, well, why can't i breath hold. and because, you know, it's little children commonly play breath-holding games. they have no sense of danger, how really deadly this could be to them. recently, there have been several 6-year-olds and 7-year-olds that this has happened. >> yes. >> a while ago, a young little boy in ohio was 7 at a birthday party, and was playing a breath-holding game, and did die. so it's just very dangerous. so the whole thing is we want parents not to encourage breath holding. and for them to understand the dangers for children to grow up knowing how dangerous it is. and then the other component here is also the spearfishing, free diving industry outside the pool arena. and they're we're working to get
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warning, labeling on the spear fishing equipment. now there's no warning. anyone can go in and buy spear fishing gun and have no idea of the dangers of breath holding. >> i mean, i know you're going to say, look, don't breath hold. that's something that shouldn't be done. it can be dangerous in ways we've tried to demonstrate. i've given tips, for example, you should have someone with you. monitoring each other. are there other little tips that you tell parents or even kids who you're concerned about? >> well, besides really not practicing full-on breath holding, the other thing that complicate it, if it's competitive and repetitive. that's really dangerous. of course, never hyperventilate. the other thing is, though, if you are going to swim a lap or something and you want to breath hold, the rule that i understand is one breath, one time, one lap. no more. the more you do it, the more you become at risk for it. >> i know you've been beating the droum this fum on this for time.
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hopefully people will be watching and lives will be saved. >> we aren't fish, we need to honor our body and breathe. >> thanks for being with us and sharing whitner's story, as well. >> thank you. >> thank you very much. we'll move to something different now. for many years it was believed that drastically cutting calories could make you live longer. well, now, we know the truth. stay with us. but your erectile dysfunction - that could be a question of blood flow. cialis tadalafil for daily use helps you be ready anytime the moment's right. you can be more confident in your ability to be ready. and the same cialis is the only daily ed tablet approved to treat ed and symptoms of bph, like needing to go frequently or urgently. tell your doctor about all your medical conditions and medications, and ask if your heart is healthy enough for sexual activity. do not take cialis if you take nitrates for chest pain, as this may cause an unsafe drop in blood pressure. do not drink alcohol in excess with cialis. side effects may include headache, upset stomach, delayed backache or muscle ache. to avoid long-term injury, seek immediate medical help for an erection lasting more than four hours. if you have any sudden decrease or loss in hearing or vision,
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or if you have any allergic reactions such as rash, hives, swelling of the lips, tongue or throat, or difficulty breathing or swallowing, stop taking cialis and get medical help right away. ask your doctor about cialis for daily use and a 30-tablet free trial. ntgomery and abigail higgins had... ...a tree that bore the most rare and magical fruit. which provided for their every financial need. and then, in one blinding blink of an eye,
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their tree had given its last. but with their raymond james financial advisor, they had prepared for even the unthinkable. and they danced. see what a raymond james advisor can do for you.
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for years there's been this obsession of people who think we're barely scratching the surface of human longevity. these people say if you eat an extremely low-calorie diet, 30% fewer calories than normal every day, you can dramatically extend your life. and there is some evidence, but it's based on studies in animals. to actually live that way really takes a leap of faith.
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and i've seen it firsthand. on this night, i joined the couple for a dinner of tomato salad, asparagus, tilapia, and a brownie sundae. a total of spa asparagus and veng tables and talap ixa. smith is 5'2" and 102 pounds and smith is 6'0" and weighs 115 pounds. they are eating less because they want to live longer. >> i want to eat this way if i live longer. >> well, a new study came out from a study of monkeey s who
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were fed 30% less calories did not live longer. so fewer calories may not be the key to longer leaf, but eater better may be. there are many areas of the country where vegetables are not abundant or affordable, but one neighborhood in new jersey has it right. we have found that over 23 million americans can't get fresh food. they live in areas designateded by the usda is food deserts which is an area of poverty rate of 20% with no grocery store nearby. i'm standing in one of of the food deserts and it is one of the people here to try to find fresh produce or fruits or vegetables. but while investigating behind this church we found a truck like this one, if fulton fresh fruit market. they give away produce for free
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and something else here. this minia chester manages the program. it is called the fulton county program. >> i explain it like this, if you were trying the go to the grocery store with two children, how many bags can you carry because you have to hold the children's hands? >> sos a as a result, you don'y it this is. >> it is easier to go buy fast food. >> just having the truck is not enough for people who are not used to eating fresh vegetables so twice a week, she gives cooking lessons to area residents before handing out the bags of produce. >> now that has browned, we are going to add the zucchini and squash. patricia barnham loves that truck. >> you don't have grocery stores around here that much. >> no? >> no, we have one. >> so if you --
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>> you have to go other places. >> so it is hard to get fresh produce and vegetables. >> yes, in this area. >> there is little data to show if programs like this reduce incidents of high chronic disease found in this type of areas, but she says that her truck has given away 8 tons of produce this summer. >> we have people who said they never would have bought zucchini today and i have had people say they will go home to try the recipes we have given them. >> healthy eating, one bite at a time. and what your teen may be doing that could permanently lower their iq. ♪ with a subaru you can always find a way. announcer: love. it's what makes a subaru, a subaru.
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like the elephant on my chest... he thought he was having a heart attack. she said, "take an aspirin, we need to go to the hospital." i'm on a bayer aspirin regimen. [ male announcer ] be sure to talk to your doctor before you begin an aspirin regimen. i'm very grateful to be alive. aspirin really made a difference. ntgomery and i'm very grateful to be alive. abigail higgins had... ...a tree that bore the most rare and magical fruit. which provided for their every financial need. and then, in one blinding blink of an eye, their tree had given its last. but with their raymond james financial advisor, they had prepared for even the unthinkable. and they danced. see what a raymond james advisor can do for you.
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as part of a heart healthy diet. that's true. ...but you still have to go to the gym. ♪ the one and only, cheerios
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you are about to meet reece holloway whose story reminded me that a little inspiration and little determination is often enough to defy the odds. he can hit. field the ball. even slide into home plate. >> good job, reece. give me five. >> all of the way around the bases. >> 6-year-old reece holloway wants to play in the big leagues one day just like his idol chipper jones who plays third base for the atlanta braves. when reece was born his parents were shocked to discover he didn't have a left hand and baseball was the furthest thing from their minds. they were not sure he could crawl without a second hand so they got a prosthesis, but little reece didn't want it. he did learn how to crawl and
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then walk and then something remarkable happened. reece taught himself how to hit a ball. he was just 2. >> he got plastic balls and he would hold them under his chin and drop it and swing the bat, and he would hit the bat no problem. >> he is a natural and he has been play pg on team since he was 3 years old. as far as the holloways are concerned, reece does not have a disability. >> i was born like that. >> and they try to never hold him back. so far they say the only thing he cannot do is to tie his shoes. >> anything he wanted the do, we let him try it. there was no saying no, you can't do that because you have one hand. >> his parents aren't the only one rooting for reece. when chipper jones saw the story about him, chipper jones invited reece and the family to batting practice with the marlins. >> and nice to meet you, reece. >> then a meeting with his hero. >> will you sign my glove? >> oh, my.
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he sign ed my banner, too. >> he was squirming the whole time. >> and then it was time to play ball. >> it meant a lot to him. i mean, he'll remember this for the rest of his life. >> after this experience, reece is more determined to follow in chipper's footsteps and make it to the big leagues. chasing life today may start an argument, but there is new evidence that smoking pot can permanently lower i.q. this is according to a large long-term study and found that the people who smoke pot four times a week when they were teenagers lost an average of eight i.q. points by the time they were 38 and it may not sound like a lot, but it is enough to impact everyday memory and concentration and brain power. interestingly smoking pot as adults did not seem to have the same permanent effect. here is a possible explanation. a young brain is growing and especially vulnerable to the effects of smoking pot an

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