jackets, this pour man in the suit refuse to wear his helmet which i couldn't wear my helmet. accompanied by journalists because if you go to sarajevo and want to make a point about the struggle besieged situation and recount the story which i would love to recount in a very abbreviated form. they tried to assassinate him earlier and the plot failed. he was having a drink with the archduke's car back to the cafe and unsteadily plug the archduke and his wife. if he is telling this, recounting it and describing the conflict in the balkans and his unexperienced being slovenian, 65, serbs and bosnians and croats. journalists are backing slowly away. i am beginning to wonder what is
going on so i turn to the woman from the washington post and said i take it you think we should be here? he points to the hills that are emerging from the fog. i realized instantly that i see people on the hills and they can see us. snipers can see us. at which point i say you had better move away from here. fortunately that was the lead story of the page one washington post, my relationships were prepared. what he understood and would emerges so clearly in this memo was the role of ethnicity. i would like to read two sentences from it. to president-elect clinton. it would not -- what structure secretary of state to work up a
scenario for ethnic conflicts in the year 2000. that would concern the united states and might or might not be avoided or diverted. something that would still be useful. hypothetically, i b c q not to ask the cia. it should be honorably interred. [applause] >> you took a lot of political sniper fire. in his 24 year career, tell us a little bit about his evolution and why don't you start and lawrence, pick up. >> lieutenant governor mentioned
the 1965 race for city council president. for good or ill there is one story--the story goes like this. senator moynihan was on the other ticket running for city council president and there was another candidate whose campaign manager was peter rail junior. this campaign manager asserted during the course of the campaign that this man moynihan has never had a job. and so this man moynihan having been informed of this took offense to it and said the following. i was working on the docks of new york before mr. rail bought his first jar of hair pomade.
many people found the italian vote disappeared at that. with respect to the 1976 primary not only was it -- ready clark and paul maguire were in the race. it is fair to say that if they were not in the race, there would have been no senator moynihan. he carried each part of the state but by very small margins. he carried the city by 3,000 votes so he lost manhattan and the bronx, he carried the suburbs by 3,000 votes though remarkably -- suffolk county and he carried upstaged by another 3,000 votes even though -- i
know you have forgotten this, we lost erie county. the result was he won by 10,000 votes or what he described at the time as a whopping 1%. the campaign was remarkable in many respects but the most remarkable part of it was he made up his mind to run on june 9th and he announced on june 10th for a primary that took place on september 14th. that would be impossible today and it was a remarkable feat even in those days. soaked senator moynihan won the primary with 1% and in the general election the won by 600,000 votes but the election
was not without incident. at one point senator buckley carrying a page from mr. rail's book began referring to pat moynihan as professor moynihan. a reporter informed ambassador moynihan of this and he pulled himself up to his full height and said the mudslinging has begun. there after he entered the senate and it is fair to say that not everyone anticipated that he would be the great senator he eventually became. there is certain talk about workhorses and show horses and which would he be. the idea he wasn't a workhorse was put aside right away.
that is because the city and state were in deep financial trouble. in 1977 the federal loan guarantee was up for reauthorization. he and senator javits went to every hearing of the banking committee and sat with the other senators as under senate protocol and they did this because the chairman of the banking committee opposed the guarantee. by the time student loan guarantees were done it was clear that senator moynihan was a workhorse and not a show horse. it was his view that senators represent states and house of representatives represent people. it was his duty, to perform to
struggle as it was disbursed. one of those was the hill important formula. it took a difference in income between 4 states and rich states. that squared it. senator moynihan specify the use of the square root. the he didn't get very far. early on, he began to get these changed but the new york times was able to write in 1979 that moynihan thought his first duty, senator moynihan recognizes the
value to new york. he beat texas. others brought $135 billion to the state. transit grants and environmental regulations and so on. and the champion of new york, he began to address legislatively, large public issues. a large one was in 1983. david stockman declared social security to be a ponzi scheme. the greenspan commission was formed to come up with a solution for social security long-term problems. moynihan was named a member of
the commission and it made social security solvent for the succeeding 30 years. senator moynihan loved being on the commission because they have secret meetings at blair house. he wouldn't tell anybody about them. there is much more in the legislation. i want to get the highlights and lawrence will talk about the particulars. it was important to new york because the deduction of state and local taxes was threatened. the deduction was saved thanks to senator moynihan. it was the first one that required some responsibility for their children and also invited education or work benefits for mothers in order -- in senator
moynihan's phrase to break the cycle of dependency. the bill was never fully funded so it didn't work -- but it did establish him as the leading expert in this area. in 1991, the transportation inefficiency act, there are a fair number of staff working on this. the genius of this is with of the first bill that took highlight trust fund money which was gas tax money and allowed it to be used for such things as mass-transit. it raised taxes. they intended to pay debts and the rate of interest was being a
public debt immediately dropped. phil gramm accused senator moynihan shopping through the senate. senator moynihan wasn't going to stand for this. that is a lie. it is the largest tax in the history of the world. they made it throughout this period as america's leading -- a period of time he predicted the rise of the soviet union, coined the phrase -- issued his annual report, demonstrating new york wasn't getting its full money's worth back from the taxes it was
paying, joined senator bird and his opposition to the line-item veto, established the secrecy commission which has been mentioned as a bureaucratic regulation. for him what it really meant was the public wasn't going to know what the secrets were and neither were american cy every single one of these -- also in 1979, in a time magazine article by steve ratner, senator moynihan said the senate is no longer a place where you don't speak for two years. senate traditions are breaking down and the average age of senators is dropping each year but it is a place that reveres longevity. the things i do are incremental.
i can do a lot of good if i stay a long time and keep at it and that is just what i have in mind to do and so he did. [applause] >> my task as i was told once i figured out i could do this was a i would summarize in five minutes at moynihan's senate career. i couldn't summarize even the seven years of that time i spend with him in that amount of time so i am just going on a couple things. senators have come to be known for one thing, that is for a couple reasons. very few of them have a competency level beyond the ability to handle one thing. but the press is incapable of paying attention to more than
one they. they will attach these labels to them. what you are hearing is half of ply senator n the room aren't ee moynihan was involved in the details of domestic legislation including infrastructure and taxation. we all knew that he was a leader on foreign policy. former ambassador to the united nations. every time he rose to speak on the senate floor people listen to. leader is one of the emptier words in our political vocabulary these days. it is the rest of thing. by leader i mean only this. senators would actually listen when the senator spoke and as many as a dozen out of the hundred on occasion would think differently after that senator spoke. that does not happen in today's senate the matter who is
speaking. you have a certain sense of the highlights of his career. a couple of things worth mentioning. the book is a beautiful piece. i consider it co-authored by steve and pat moynihan. there is real authorship in the alignment of these letters and the flow of this story. it tells the story of a man who i thought i knew intimately, who i spoke to every day served several years. i thought i knew everything in his head. hi am learning more from this book than i could possibly learn about someone who i thought i knew so well. in here you will find beautiful pieces about ruth pagan's guard and sonia sotomayor neither of whom would be on the supreme court did they were not for daniel patrick moynihan. when you look at his career you
think about the highlights, you will be reading an opinion of sonia sotomayor ten years from now that is in a sense a moynihan achievement. there are very few senators who play the long game. i want to make one note about infrastructure. because reporters can only drop one, senator moynihan's junior colleagues during this time was labeled -- if you had a pothole on your street you could get that fixed which the senate has nothing to do with pot holes but we get the idea. just about no one in the new york media knew that there was a senator pothole that is all good and well but there were also
senator trueway. new york state in so many ways of being smarter than the country in so many things. and the highway system before president eisenhower got the idea for the interstate highway system. new york state made the mistake of building a throughway before there was federal money for it. daniel patrick moynihan threw his seat on the public works committee which was eventually to become his chairmanship got the united states of america to pay for the new york thruway after the fact. [applause] >> the interstate highway system. these are the unknowns sections of the achievements. i did not realize it was my first day because liz moynihan was trying to lure me into this
job but i was resisting. i wasn't really interested in participating. i have no interest in politics. i had an interest in this character. she invited me into the day when they were going to look at their scripts for the tv commercials for the 1988 campaign. these things are a page and a half and cost a lot of money. we pay a lot of money to write these things and they have written ten of them and the exercise was to select for the campaign would make for and put on the air and the ritual is very much like show business where the cast of a show or a movie will read the script allowed. they had a table read with the
commercial and people working at the firm would read the commercial and reading the social security commercial in which there is the claim pat moynihan claims -- save social security and it is set by what would be this woman farmer in upstate new york named fanny and we got to the end of the script. i am just a witness in this. and senator moynihan says is this going to be an actress? the commercial producers say yes. that is how we do this and he says that is a lie. i didn't save social security and he looks at this and says how long does it take to write these things, 10 minutes? these are people being paid hundreds of thousands of
dollars. they spent months and months to write this thing. you have a typewriter here and we had just entered the age of the computer and they didn't so we asked for a legal pad. he left the room. i looked up my watch. he returned in eight minutes and he read his social security script commercial from his legal pad. as you discover in this book there are so many facets of this man that were unknowable by anyone other than liz and who could spend her life with him. i discovered something from that moment. i knew he was a great essayist and prose stylist. i had no idea he was a great script writer. he read and performs his thirty-second script and in the middle says cut to bob dole.
we save social security. this is brilliant script writing first of all but secondly everyone in the room is thinking bob dole is not going to say that and senator moynihan said he did. i saw him on c-span in the middle of the night in kansas somewhere in a field saying pat moynihan and i save social security. and we did. bob dole did indeed appear in a moynihan commercial saying that. when the clinton administration came in a harvard professor was coming to washington for his term in the administration and i was running the confirmation hearings at the time and came by for his visit. he said to him at a certain
point in the conversation that you are allowed to come here for two years and then have to go back within two years and he said to them there is no sense getting involved in this stuff if you are not going to stay out for 30 years. and there is a passage in steve's book that is relevant to this and a discovery of mine because it is a memo the senator wrote about a conversation he and i had. i had no idea he was writing these things down. it was during the clinton administration when hillary clinton was working on health care reform. it is short. it is quick. june 21st, 1994. paul dropped in to see lawrence. in his first meeting he said to her that many of the changes she was hoping for are already happening. she said no they are not.
the costs are already going down. she said no they are not. he commented where he studied the subject all his life she studied the subject three weeks and already knows more than he. in fact in that year, 1994, health care costs were going down and they did for a brief period. but the frustration senator moynihan had was always with his friends. this was a family life thing. we expected nothing from the finance committee, he was a wonderful gentleman from wyoming who never voted for anything we wanted to do. he lived on the right side of the republican party and was a pleasure to have on the committee at all times. all of our strains were for what we were trying to do and have differences about how to do it, strategic policy differences.
that is why democrats always have intentions with each other because democrats are activists actively trying to do things, actively willing to take risks in government, to run government experiments that might or might not work and there's a tremendous amount of worry and anticipation about what might or might not work in governing choices. that is where those tensions come from. i mention that point of that memo, a constant frustration for someone like senator moynihan who stayed at this for decades. people would come in, new members of every administration would come and and think of themselves as experts because they read the briefing book last night and he had to struggle with that over time. it wasn't anything for him to do. the contrast between the nixon white house and the idealized version we created in the west
wing which provoked a quick west wing story. the first i had to write in season 1 on page 1 the forseen was interior oval office day and i am typing that and realized i have a problem because i have seen the presidential character the creator of the show came up with but had never seen a president like that. in my adulthood there had not been a president i had much admirers and i was to fictionalize one. i have no real writing exercise to get m staring at the blank page for a while it finally occurred to me, what would senator moynihan do? so that got me through writing many of these scenes. my little device in that show which is not easy to detect is the politicians making noble
choice is everyone's a while but i in my script always made sure it was an absolute last resort. they tried everything else first and got back into the corner of having to do be semi honest thing. dick eaton gets a lot of laughs when he talks about senator moynihan. that is all we do together. the moynihan graduates. we just laugh. i remember early in the campaign experience in '88, reminiscing about meeting at, how they came to marry and she said one of the things is he is so funny. i didn't get that at that point in my moynihan experience. i was too new to get that. six years later i was on the phone with a well known, the writer in los angeles when -- i said to the middle of the night to him he is the funniest guy co
you how funny you was in personal conversational situations. many of the justice situational. you wouldn't get them. you all know he was a master of the obscure reference and he was that before google. this was incredibly burdensome on his staff because that would be a moment on the senate floor when he needs that citation from that 1832 french volume that he knows is somewhere in the library of congress and he knows the first name of the author but not last and he knows the reference is about this war that occurred in 16 something. and he needs that now. in the free google days this was a virtual impossibility. but he would make those references as you law heard when you heard him speak constantly. in my last week on the job there
was one of those panics. get me the obscure reference. i need it now. i am going to the floor. we have three minutes and it is not here and staff is panicking and the senator and i alone waiting as long as we can to get this obscure fact that is absolutely essential to his speech and staff isn't going to make it. time is running out. as he opened the door he steps into the hallway and as frequently would happen when walking down the hallway, 30 seconds later staff members run after us with the obscure fact. here it is. that was happening. we are walking farther and farther away and he said if they don't get it, i will just make it up. [laughter]
and i thought what? it is my sense that that moment was his going away present for me. peeled back to the magic just a little bit. it is also my sense that by make it up what he meant was i will say 1826. maybe it was 1828. my sense is he probably made it up once every other year because the staff was extraordinary and he was extraordinary and we loved him. ..
>> there are actually questions from cards distributed for people to ask questions. susan wanted to say a few words while you're feeling filling out those cards. >> and steve has something he's dying to ask. >> if this becomes an out of don -- >> collect in the questions, i want to say that across the street at the museum of the city of new york, right after q&a, we are going to have a rousing irish party and i think we be
learned, forrester to rothschild for making the celebration possible and you all are invited. [applause] >> steve wanted to -- >> larry reminded me of my story like that. it's the urban affairs council moynihan versus burns. burns assistant is marty andersen, a very bright guy coming youngest tenured professor at columbia. and he's trying to pen him down to saying his proposal as a negative income tax. it was a negative income tax, but those were dirty words we tried not to use. and so andersen says, let us call a spade a spade. and god says, as oscar wilde says, anyone who calls a spade a spade should be compelled to use
one. [laughter] now, i thought he made that up so i went and looked it up and no, it wasn't exact quote. he had it right. [laughter] >> someone asked a question that i wondered that the favorite moynihan quote of many people, including president obama, who has used it many times is everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not to his own facts. but i could never find the context of that remark. does anyone remember it or know it? >> my feeling is he was quoting someone or paraphrasing someone, but i can't remember. >> he said it many times. >> and senator al franken said it recently on the floor of the senate in a couple months ago
and i called in immediately and said to get much more attention to that among the older members if he prefaced it by saying, as senator moynihan used tuesday. and he does that now. >> okay, everyone, i want to thank -- there are apparently no more questions. people want to go to this party. i can't imagine why. well, thank you all. but thank you especially from the bottom of my heart to all of you. this is an emotional evening for a lot of us. but is a wonderful evening. and i think the museum. i think all of you. i think the moynihan and i thank the wonderful pr. and let's party. [applause]
[inaudible conversations] >> this event was hosted at the museum of the city of new york. for more information visit mcny.org. >> were at the national press club talking with someone about his new book, "poisoning the press: richard nixon, jack anderson, and the rise of washington's scandal culture." tell us what the book is about. >> you bet. the title comes from the fact that at the nixon white house they actually plotted to poison a journalist, an investigative reporter named jack andersen. no one under the age of 60 remembers who he was or knows who he was, but at the pt was the most famous and feared investigative reporter in the country and he drove richard nixon crazy. and the white house tapes are filled with all these attempts to get him to ultimately culminate an actual plot to poison him. >> you know if anyone else had previously written about this particular aspect of the nixon
history? >> no, nobody had. and it was really surprising to me. i was an investigative reporter myself and i went to grad school and i'm an historian now. and so this intersection between history and journalism is a lot of great dirt. in the past, if you know where to look and how to look and interview the right people. and there are amazing tales of fun in my book of sex scandals, love letters and blackmail and burglary and bravery, all this juicy stuff in history that specific text the way south. >> would've been more surprising things he found in writing this book? >> i'm not sure i can see them on the air. one of them wants with it j. crew hoover signed martin luther king. that's been known, but i got a hold of the transcripts and memos that describe actually what you were distributed to the press and all over washington of what king supposedly said and
bad stories of him chasing prostitutes. so that was pretty surprising to me. another one i came across president ford, when he was telling congress, involved in a call girl ring. the details are all in my book. and you know -- in the fbi did actually bugged his hotel suite in washington and supposedly blackmailed him about this. these are the kind of scandals that have been broken at the time would've completely ended a career in washington. in this day and age, i don't think something like that would stay secret. but that then you didn't write about sex lives. the night did you find it difficult to sit through and determine what was true and what was simply made up? >> yes, it was. i had actual cooperation in the form of documentation before it
>> in addition to a questionnaire that covered a wide variety of background items, the yaf members were asked to remember from 1966 until the end of the century, in other words the year 2000. so they were looking ahead for 34 years and imagining what they perceived or what they were reviewing as what would happen to our country for the remainder of the century. in the graduate student who is doing this study, richard from guard was surprised by what he described as the belief of yaf
members that a continued drift to the welfare state and socialism and moral decay would be reversed in the near future by an awakening of the american people, resulting in moving the train of events that are common sense. brown got also surveyed members of defense for a democratic society, which was the leading new left or leftist organization on campus is that the 60s. and the young democrat in the college republicans. and he reported on his results in an article that he cowrote and was published in an academic journal. it's interesting to view some of the projections of these yaf members in 1966. one of yaf member predicted a redirection of american society towards freedom and conservative principles.
remember again he's writing in 1966 and here's what he said: the united states, led by hypocritical and unprincipled leaders becomes very bureaucratic and increasingly socialistic. the united states generally loses the battle in foreign affairs because it does not present its philosophy of free enterprise, libertarian beliefs, et cetera, as well as it should. sounds almost familiar to the current day, doesn't it? finally, as the project did come in the 1960s -- excuse me come in the 1980s were thereabouts, the american people realize that economic security is not necessarily freedom. they realized their freedoms are being abridged. they realized the economy is becoming too regimented and the government to bureaucratic. the people will then change the
trend of events back to common sense conservative principles of government. remember his prediction was 1980. and if you recall from history, 1980, as it turned out, was indeed the year in which the american people voted for a conservative president, ronald reagan, who did indeed -- [applause] who did indeed change the trend of events back to common sense conservative principles with government. ron god cited another yaf is following events in the near future from 19 weeks to 62,000. his predictions were as follows. 1968, republican victory. 1972, reagan elected president. 1976, reagan reelect bid.
1978, follow soviet russia. 1980, follow red china. 1985 command of welfare, social security and medicare. 2000, and of unions. now, as he and his co-author noted compared with their sds counterparts, yafers seem to have a mountain of naïve faith. well, let's look back nearly 45 years later and we can see that this naïve faith seems to have been rather accurate in his prediction of future events. change a few of the date, modified a few of the conclusions and these yaf members who were then only high school and college students have laid out the political history of the last third of the 20th century. because consider it. nixon's big terrine 1968 brought both the realignment of american
politics as well as admittedly the disgrace of water great, impeachment and resignation. reagan's faith or the kingmakers after the yafers had it, but was indeed followed by a landslide reelection. it took nine more years for the berlin wall to fall, closely followed by the demise of the soviet union. then, in his 1993 state of the union message, a new democratic president promised to quote, end welfare as we know it. and the reforms of our closest time were enacted a short while later when republicans gained the majority in congress in 1994. two years after that original state of the union message, that same president declared quote the error of good government is
over in his state of the union message. >> to watch this program in its entirety, go to booktv.org. simply type the title or the author's name at the top left of the screen and click search. >> next, lawrence kaplan recalls the life of homer lee, a scholar who traveled to china to participate in the boxer rebellion and came an advisor to send you 10 in the revolution. lawrence kaplan discusses his book is part of the annual association of the u.s. army at the washington convention center in washington d.c. the program is just under a half hour. >> good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen and thank you for being here. i'd like to give you pretty quick overview of why you might be interested in reading my book and don't know a lot more about homer lee and 20 minutes if you
don't know about them already. if you enjoy reading biographies of people who just helped shape world events, i can guarantee you you'll enjoy reading about the exploits of homer lea and a soldier of fortune. his life was stranger than the romantic fiction. he earned an international reputation as a man of history. he was a soldier of fortune, writer and geopolitical strategist. since death in 1912, he's pretty much been an orphan in history. during his lifetime, he was very prominent, how the international reputation and actually did influence events of the time and help shape some world events after his death. and they too could be just a quick overview of how his career is divided. target had to do with working with the chinese in asia. part of it has to do with any writer. first and foremost, the chinese peas. homer lea was a five-foot three
hunchback, very bright and loved reading military history. in 1899, he was a student at stanford university and with his disability, he figured he would have a career in law. he had an adventurous spirit and he saw opportunities that many of his colleagues didn't and he actually took advantage of some of those. and what i mean by that is the fellow on the left there, can you weigh, was the principal the emperor instituted a number of westernize reforms, some of which did away with but finding for instance. he wanted to help westernize china and bring it forward and modernize it. there is a huge conservative backlash in the towel high to place kwong sue under arrest. okay, that's fine. chinese politics. he established a chinese society called protect the emperor says the nation for the powwow we can
have bridges over the world for their overseas chinese to solicit money and he was going to launch a military -- a large-scale military operation in china to free the emperor and restore him to power. now in 1899, when a branch of this organization was established in san francisco, homer lea heard about it, was interested and approached the chinese. he told them he was a brilliant military strategist. was not a relative of robert e. but for most, more importantly, lee. and they hire him to help he told them he was a relative of robert e. lee and they organize and train this thought that was wonderful. here's this american strategists ramshackle army they are putting with great credentials heard he together in china. in the summer of 1900, home earlier to china, the lieutenant journals commission and the army, which is not a formal army by today's standards and wandered around china and didn't really accomplish much. and this coincided with the boxer rebellion, so there was a lot of disk cord and a davidian china. the powwow we military was crushed.
homer lea came back to the united states but continued working with the chinese. next up is going to china to make any resurrect the force of a new military force over there, you set up a training scheme and america, covert training plan across american cities, across the nation. over two dozen chinese joint military schools. and in reality was a very thin bill for training a covert army. the schools were supposed each conventional english, math, social studies, this that and the other. but in reality they just built and they had drill instructors that were former soldiers from the u.s. army. they buy uniforms for this army. they outfitted themselves in uniforms that look similar to u.s. army uniforms. they simply thought that the eagle on the cap for a dragon in the eagle on the button for a dragon. other than that, it looks like u.s. army soldiers. well, the emperor of china died in 1908 and homer leaves a
training scheme came to the attention of the public. there were some investigations. his next effort involved a conspiracy with dr. yung wing, the person in the middle. one of the most distinguished chinese in america at the time. the first graduate of yale university from china sponsored numerous chinese coming to america for education. united states. he believed in reform. sourly put together a red dragon conspiracy, conspiracy with the lys, several other chinese and american business run to launch a revolution to carve out two provinces in southern china to make their own republic. kwon sung and kwon see provinces. they approached american businessman for funding and finance. too risky a proposal. well, just so happened that homer lea turned to his talents to be in an office.
in 1909 he wrote a very successful book discussing american dissent been principally how the japanese might invade some in asia -- excuse me, in the pacific and possibly attack california. i'll talk about the book a little later. it's called the tao of ignorance. they came out in 190 name to rave reviews. and in 19010 when it was foundering, homer leads the international reputation linked up to the offices of yung wing with the revolutionary in the right. he wanted to overthrow the entire manchu dynasty and take control of all of china. had a number of revolutionary tense under his belt that failed. homer lea became that are trained to's advisor. in the summer -- i'm sorry, in the fall of 1911, actually the anniversary this month in october. in october 10 of 1911, the
revolution started by what actually overthrew the manchu dynasty in a few months. sun yat-sen returned to china in 1911 to become the first president of the chinese republic. beyond their wildest dreams they were going to get the republic. sun yat-sen instead of going to china directly, sun yat-sen was in colorado. he could've gone to california, took a ship to china. didn't do that. homer lea within germany getting medical treatment for his size. she cabled homer lea. he's got the international directions, go to london, get astounding for this new revolution. homer lea met sun yat-sen in london and from there they were unsuccessful in getting western financial backing. but when homer lea went with sun
yat-sen he had every expectation of becoming the chief of staff of the new chinese army. that's what he was promised. now here is somebody with no formal military experience. yet a military uniform that made him look like a general. had written about, talked about geo-strategy. but now he was on the verge of capping his career was something of napoleonic stature. he got to china and the american state department and no important terms. he could not be ahead of the chinese army. so he was somewhat embittered about this. his family and health came back to intervene i think. and in february he suffered a severe stroke. he went back to california with every expectation of her graininess health and joining sun yat-sen. sun yat-sen by this time it could not presidency on monday
general take over the presidency. homer lea died in november 1912. so that phase of his career was pretty much short-lived. yet reached the pinnacle of his desires to be a real general of a real army who became very, very close and along the way he embarked on a number of different v revolutionaries. >> is next -- excuse me. as you can see here, these are some photos of homer lea and military garb. this is a rather youthful fellow in his mid to early 20s. the middle photo taken on 1904, 1905 would've been 25 or 26, take an assignment the photo on the right. that's an american lieutenant general's uniform, simply
removing templates are now with dragons. this photo is in the press all over the country. if you didn't know any better you think he was an american military officer. a similar photo to that was in both of his books. you have no reason to believe that he wasn't a legitimate officer albeit again looking one. there's a photo of some troops training in los angeles in broad daylight, some of the chinese troops bear and a fellow in the white shirt, that you see on the right there, at that time held a commission in the california militia appeared used a member of the fourth calvary regiment. that's where homer later upon members out of fort riley after they demobilized the spanish were in the philippine insurrection. there had to be chill instructors. in this case, they got a military.
this was supposed to be a covert operation in actually people in the american government do about it. formerly had met president roosevelt. is that roosevelt gave a tacit wink to the training scheme, but various elements to investigate this and much to the chagrin of homer lea & co. was headlined cannot does less than they wanted wanted was this kind of exposure. that really helped close down this covert military training operation on front page headlines like. well, the other part of his career figures indicated had to do with homer lea as a writer. now i don't know about you on here. this is my first book and am very proud to have done it and i put a lot of work into it. and i have several advanced degrees to show what i'm doing. not the case of home early. after he came back from china, this college job out in addition to work with the claiming decided you want to work out.
the vermilion penta was published in 19 away. it's his first book. he got it published. it was considered at the time a really good read, and exciting romance about china. and at the time it was considered the first novel written about china. this is one of the very few westerners that would come in and write a novel. and engineers. they were writing space examples of people's wives read enough with mandrake or the like and that's what this was about. so these books i will talk about them can turn were his major works. there are plans actually to make that into a stage play. that kind of fell through. after homer leaves that there was made into a silence in 1922. that kind of grainy photo you see on the right, a chinese actor producer, this is one of his key films and there's an aso movie.ctor biocide.
this is his crowning achievement. this 1909 but catapulted home early into fame beyond his wildest dreams as an author. this is what he is mos the booky beyond his life and his legacy. this is the one i'll talk about a little more in detail. california, trying to get some schemes going, he was involved with several influential chinese u new son py influential former army officers. lieutenant general adnan chassis, the former chief of staff of the army retired from los angeles and so did major general joseph story depicted on the right as a kernel, but that's him. he was a former chief of artillery. they both wrote glowing introductions to the valor of endurance. with those introductions, if you
were a u.s. army uniform come he wanted to read this book. if your station in the philippines in particular he wanted to read this book if it had the radical plans and maps of how to invade the philippines. from 190 dine until pearl harbor, just about every officer in the u.s. army worth a solid new about this book and read this book are general macarthur and the staff went to school on the slippery general macarthur credited homer lea in this book with helping him formulate policies for depending the philippines.