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tv   Capital News Today  CSPAN  April 2, 2012 11:00pm-2:00am EDT

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>> from what we have seen, we have cover these situations. we are very careful about that. i think perhaps we should be even more careful when we cover
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serious, how we cover it, what does it mean. how much is revolution touching on the question of minorities and so forth. how much does it spill over to the region? this cannot just be -- we are not a news network. we are not an ngo. there are developments in libya and syria. it is not a question of the revolution being against the machines. if you are, you should be an ngo. we are not. i don't think we are. by default, we might appear to be with revolution. as soon as you show the image of a child on a tank, the viewer, from that image, concludes that a child must not be very happy with the tank. by default.
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when you cover a correct regime -- oppression, bombardment of cities, when you lay out these images and to report that is, you are by default not on the side of the people. for example, saudi arabia and i run -- by ron are major players by design. they are major players by design. you cannot just cover that is if, okay. how much of a peaceful people are we? are we covering the story? hour that we covering the story? it doesn't have to have a good or happy or bad ending, but it
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has developments. i will say again, i don't speak for them. from within, we make mistakes. a lot of them. the way we cover news. that is normal, as long as they are mistakes and not politics. okay. i was on a radio program called one point on npr. people joined us. two things happened in egypt, i think. a revolution, and in the midst of the revolution, that is why the situation is so competent at today. we have a revolution in a country, unlike syria and libya,
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family regime is not one of the same with family and society. family regime and faith is not one of the same. when the military in egypt felt like it did, the people's power was so oversleeping. this could not stay with the royal family. the switch was against hosni mubarak. in the midst of a revolution, that is clearly what is going on. it did not happen out of the blue. it happened over the evolution of revolution. at the beginning, people were saying this is a great military, this is descending the revolution. there were some gains for a
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short time, that is over now. what does that mean? here is another nuance. egypt is a country of institutions. egypt is not going to let go of its military, it is not going to give up its military establishment. it cares very much about its military establishment. its military plays an important role. the question is how the nuance or how to distinguish between the guardian of the country and the generals that are associated with [inaudible] and those who cannot associate with the military change. that is where the egyptians are dabbling. how to make sure they guard their military establishment. they need that in the future for their own sovereignty.
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at the same time, being able to move a young and put the generals back where they belong in the military offices and in the military bases. out of the economy and public life of the country. my sense is the military is on the defensive in such a way that it keeps -- it keeps explaining why it just needs -- the future just cannot guarantee freedom from prosecution, if they can keep some of the generals, not even the government is going to
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be part of this. a new one is going to come. if they can open the way to the presidential elections -- the military is on the defensive. i agree there was a coup d'état. i think now evolution will overcome the generals. >> i'm going to leave some time for the book signing, but i wanted thank our speaker for being here today. [applause] >> coming out on c-span two, more on booktv. next is "the devil we don't know." then "liberation square."
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more booktv in prime time all this week on c-span two. tomorrow night on some of the leading conservatives of the second half of the 20th century. at 8:45 p.m., timothy stanley on his book the crusader, the light and tumultuous times of pat buchanan. at 9:55 p.m. eastern, winston groom, who wrote ronald reagan, our 40th president. >> c-span takes her booktv and american history tb programming on the road grid this past weekend featured little rock, arkansas, with a tb at that election at the university of arkansas.
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>> american history tb looked at life in a world war ii japanese internment camp.
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>> our cities to oklahoma city on c-span two and three. >> now a look at whether the air of spring will lead to successful democracy in the middle east. human rights activists, nonie darwish, discuss the issue recently at the clare booth luce holsey institute in washington. >> good afternoon to those of you here with us. and to the c-span booktv audience across america and the world. welcome to the luce policy institute afternoon with an author, featuring nonie darwish, who will be discussing her book, "the devil we don't know." the dark side of revolution in the middle east. my name is katherine rodriguez. i am the director of education
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at the policy institute, america's organization for conservative women. our mission is to prepare women for leadership and promote leading conservative women. we do this through a variety of unique student initiatives, including our campus lecture program, which includes top conservative women like and culture, and nonie darwish, who will be speaking for the institute later this week. if you are interested in learning more about how to bring a conservative woman speak at your campus, please visit our website at ecb we are so honored to have a conservative woman here like nonie darwish. here to share her experience growing up as a muslim in egypt and give her unique perspective on the recent air of spring uprising. in her new book, "the devil we don't know", nonie darwish explores the unpleasant truth
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behind the individuals who initiated the cairo protest and talk about radical groups like the muslim brotherhood and their own terrifying agendas. the daughter of eight army lieutenant general, nonie darwish was taught at a young age the propaganda of hatred. for which she blames the islamic culture. she was forced to recite portrayed and has spoken at length about growing up under sharia law. in 1978 after earning a ba from the american university in cairo, and working for a time with the middle east news agency, nonie darwish left egypt for the united states. after arriving in the u.s., she became a christian, and shortly after the terrorist attack on 9/11, she began writing columns critical of islamic extremism. nonie darwish started the
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website airs for israel, which he describes as arabs and islam is who respect. nonie darwish is also the director of islamic united. without further ado, please welcome this afternoon's guess speaker, nonie darwish. >> [applause] >> it is a pleasure to be here. i am always -- enjoying meeting the ladies at the policy institute. and you for inviting me again. we all watched the uprising in the middle east with empathy and hope for the young people who put their lives on the frontline
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in hopes of having freedom and democracy. but a year later, hope drawn by the powerful forces would never allow a new dawn to exist in the middle east. we should not be surprised though. there have been periodic cycles of revolution and dictatorship and political unrest for centuries. why should this one work if the others don't? during the uprising, i was looking for a poster, and a poster. i was reading all the arabic signs in english signs of the young people in hopes of seeing something new, a new idea. i was looking for separation.
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i was looking forward the movement of syria from the egyptian constitution. i was looking for equal rights for young mothers. equal rights for women. i wanted to see women chanting. being a wife is not a husband's legal right. all the signs were right about one thing, removing hosni mubarak. now that hosni mubarak is gone, the ugly reality of islamic failure to produce stable society is clear to the world. problems are far more complex than we thought.
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when the uprisings were happening, i noticed that the media was celebrating and predicted that liberties will naturally win in this conflict. but when it comes to the middle east, things are not as clear-cut as in the west. liberty often means freedom and to be free and have -- to live in a conflict free state again. to -- to declare jihad -- to the western states.
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democracy cannot come out of nowhere. an absolute promise is a passing of time. a lot of people think that eventually time will bring democracy. but countries like egypt and persia have 5000 years of history. unfortunately, the passage of time does not necessarily mean absolute progress. it does not mean that we will finally discover liberty. certain facts must exist for a society to have democracy and freedom. at the state level, it is the right to protect freedom of democracy. at the cultural level, it means the right morals and values. that we establish the foundation
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and the example for people to behave. and to be appreciative of freedom and democracy. at the individual level, it means the personal character, a belief system, and trust between members of society. it works in harmony with the state, legal system, and the culture. all these factors don't exist in the middle east yet, unfortunately. before i proceed, i want to emphasize that i'm not here to talk about people or groups. i am not here to offend muslims, the good and peaceloving muslims. i am here to speak about an ideology and a legal system
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today in over 54 countries across the world. the law in egypt today is an act of revolution. i think we can all agree that in america no ideology, secular or religious, should be beyond questioning. the day and america strays from freedom of speech, that is the end to everybody. most people don't care to put aside any religion. some people promote hatred of muslims. of course not. some of the nicest people i know are muslim. my whole family in egypt is muslim, and they are some of the nicest people that you will ever
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meet. this accusation that i am anti-muslim is a way to silence me, in speaking against an ideology that is oppressive of rights. i was born in -- during the 1952 revolution in egypt. around that time, in which my father had a prominent role in the new revolutionary government he headed egyptian military intelligence in dos or -- in gaza. the revolution promised freedom. it promised to moxie.
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it promised a new constitution, a new flag of egypt, it even changed the name of the country from egypt -- the historical name of egypt, to the united arab republic. it wanted to a lie -- ally itself this identity of becoming arab and muslim. the name of the largest square was tahrir square. the government went to the square and said that they're going to change the name to tahrir square. -- freedom square.
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instead of bringing freedom and democracy, as we said, it turned out to be one of the most oppressive. in egyptian modern history. i think in a long period of war, socialism, compensation of property and the people who were actually making the country work. poverty and illiteracy. from 1952 until last year, 2011, and evolution happened. egypt had only three presidents. do you know how many presidents america had during that time? i lived under -- most of my
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life, i lived under the oppressive leadership. i saw the oppression of women. my mother's generation, 97% of the women had to undergo an operation, including my mother. it is devastating and has devastating effects on family relation. i knew a girl who was 16 and raped. as a result of that, she was killed by her family, because she had committed a sin. my only outlet to escape life under sharia law was in 1978 and
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1979. i remember walking in the hallway of my new job in america. and i saw a sign. as a new immigrant, i like to read everything. i wanted to get acquainted with this country quickly. the sign said this organization does not discriminate on the basis of gender, national origin, or race. i was in awe of his sign that many americans take for granted. in august statement that was nothing short of america. i had a sigh of relief. i am now finally equal to men. under sharia law, men and women are ruled by different laws. women are totally inferior, second-class citizens in the
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country. i no longer lived under the cycle of political instability. the repetitive cycle of revolution, coup d'état, this is the way the middle east survived for many centuries. many leaders have come to power and taken over. if you look at the history of any country, it is always leaders -- leaders are always there after a revolution or coup d'état. surprisingly, this was sharia law. that is why they accepted it. the masses are people and the media is jubilant, and they look
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at the new leader. the same people who used to praise hosni mubarak on a daily basis, on the major newspapers and tv today, are praising the revolution. they are the same people condemning the bat history of the evil dictator hosni mubarak. they are the same people. the same tv personalities. sharia law helped all of the system to stay like that. it was the law, and i am quoting from an islamic of care. the modern head of state is allowed to -- allowed to hold
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the law through gunfire or other ways. how can muslim countries achieve freedom and democracy? this formula cannot rectify. that is why several egyptian islamic leaders today after the revolution are starting to attack the idea of democracy and freedom. a candidate for egyptian presidency recently said that there is little freedom. he compared being among him to members in the military. were you have to obey, never to decide. he said you must obey all the
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rules, including the dress code. what a muslim must wear, what a muslim must see. everything is governed by sharia law. he was honest. he is reading his sharia law. he is reading his literature. he is not lying, at least. that is precisely why islamic revolutions are doomed to fail in a stable democracy. there is a constant sanction and the egyptian state. there is constant conflict and application of sharia. the journalist who wrote an article -- the journalist who
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wrote it was trying to make fun of people like me. why should you be afraid of sharia? i would like to invite "the new york times" to take a front seat and watch for themselves and for the sake of western civilization, watch the slide example of how islamic revolution was precisely because of sharia. which only brought another tyrant to replace the old tyrant. they say now we will bring another president and now we will have democracy. what has happened before many times. in 1952, that is what happened. and uprising for freedom and
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democracy. because the forces of islam win. that is why the leaders constantly think of reasons to blame islamic societies failures on the west and israel. they cannot look at whether problems are. it is islam that is against the law of sharia. they can only blame the outside world. just recently, 79 egyptians and hundreds injured in a soccer match, where the mob raided and killed each other. it was a tragedy, but what do the egyptian politicians on tv -- what did they say? instead of looking within,
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instead of encouraging people to have better values, instead of saying, what is wrong with our system after the revolution? aren't we supposed to be more at peace and more respectful of each other? but instead, and egyptian member of parliament blames america and israel for the tragedy. not only one person, several people said that infiltration of american -- americans who are working and organizing peace are invading egypt, and they are arresting some of them and they want to put them on trial. nineteen americans, and even more. thirty-five people. they are not allowed to leave the country because they think
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about recklessness. what a joke. and israel -- how can israel affect a ride in a soccer game? that has been the culture of islamic -- islam. they never blame themselves. it is against the law to do so. the only outlet for politicians, for journalists is to blame the outside world trade it is a conspiracy. sharia controls every aspect of the political system and the head of state. among the head of state, they do
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not rule under democracy or freedom. he has to rule by sharia. let us see how this affects the political system. what is the definition of jihad under sharia? if you open an islamic but, this is the definition of jihad from a well-known sharia book. it is to war against no muslim, derived from the word [inaudible]. signifying warfare, to establish the religion. it is war for the purpose of making islam win war. expand, expansion. it is war. there is also another
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definition. a permanent war against jews, christians, and pagans. war institution. when the word jihad as mentioned, 97% refers to war. only 3% does not refer to war. it gets really confiscated when jihad is not imposed on certain individuals, but when it becomes the job of the head of state. the job of the muslim head of state is defined under sharia. the sharia fights all people to become muslim. it is a commandment saying this
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is your job. you have to side with muslim countries. there is another law that says when muslims are in their own country, in which case jihad is a communal obligation of calm muslims each year. every year you have to go to jihad. people who go to war for hezbollah and muslim brotherhood, they are doing jihad in their own way. what the west needs to understand is that jihad -- the jihad doctrine of invading muslim countries, challenges the
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sovereignty of non-muslim countries. it is a law that forces itself not only on the people, but on the muslim head of state, on the constitution of every muslim country. he has to do jihad against every muslim country. never treat people equal, never defend the west. do you ever wonder why muslim leaders don't want to show friendships to the west? they don't. that is the worst [inaudible] of the muslim head of state. it repeats thoroughly and muslim
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scriptures. it is hundreds of commandments to the muslim head of state. so the commandment is not just the first one, to become muslim, but they are to retain their religion and they must be belittled and mistreated. does that tell you how people in egypt are living? the commandment is to little women and give them less right. the leader of a region -- his duty includes [inaudible] new land and he will undertake jihad
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against enemies and deserving recipients. what does that mean? some people in america say the jihad movement -- that's a lot of struggles. it does not mean war. 3% of the time when jihad was mentioned, it does not mean war. but 97 -- the does. it is the 97%. that is why i am hated because i'm talking about -- i'm reading from their books. that is all. not only is the head of state supposed to do jihad, but also he has to deserve islam in its
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original form. never accept any novelty. -- i'm sorry, democracy. never accept democracy. never accept novelty. if leaders who don't risk to do jihad, but say to someone who does not want to do jihad. he chooses to give people freedom of speech and make a democracy and he wants to have good relations with the west. he is immediately under sharia and must be removed from office or killed. this is what syria tells the muslim population.
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muslims are obliged to rise up if he is no longer a muslim were make reps are hence will -- reprehensible innovations. that means that if the head of state has no choice. he has no choice but to rule by sharia law. that is what happened. a lot of people don't understand why. the only thing -- just a regular fascination. this is about fascination for the purpose. when presidents signed a peace treaty with israel, it was the word that they no longer wanted to do jihad against israel.
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it was striking at the heart of islamic requirements at the head of state. the muslim world arrested after he signed a peace treaty with -- interrupted all mosques. unanimously. including many mosques in the east. so that came to pass before signing the treaty. i know i am signing my death warrant. he knew that he sacrificed his life. he wanted peace. he believed in peace. is it any wonder that the pakistani leaders today were protecting osama bin laden for
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10 years. even while america was giving them billions of dollars to hand them a osama bin laden, they tricked america. it wasn't for some intelligence by america and a person who informed america who was very low on the latter in pakistan, and he was arrested, by the way, by the government of pakistan, he is not in good shape now. he told america about osama bin laden. why the pakistani leaders not easily hand osama bin laden?
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when 9/11 happened, why don't they hand over osama bin laden and expel these members from the country? why are these muslim leaders doing that? because the day they hand over is the day they would be assassinated. it all goes back to sharia law, which defines their job. all of them are playing a game with america. we are your friend, give us your dollar. we will give you osama bin laden. yeah, sure. they go home and put the cash somewhere and don't worry about it. the government of the muslim head of state is so obvious. that is what they are doing.
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nobody knows why they are doing it. they think they are all crazy. no, they are not crazy. it is islamic law that forces them to do that. now, let's examine how these laws apply in real life. ladies and gentlemen, it is not true that bin laden was not representing islam and sharia. the day he was killed was a day of mourning across the middle east. i received many e-mails from my friends at home who told me anyone who is happy that osama bin laden was killed.
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almost everybody is sad. it is a day of mourning. there were just a few people who were not interested. but people were happy -- everybody in the muslim world was saying osama bin laden is dead. please don't judge, this is just an -- just a minority. it is almost like the right with hand -- the right hand does not know what the left hand is doing. we are kidding ourselves. they forget it very easy. it is not a mystery.
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why anwar sadat is fascinated -- why are they rising in popularity in egypt. he is popularly skyrocketed off the map after he insulted the american president in new york after the assassination. that is because a truly muslim leader must automatically be an enemy of the west. incidentally, the leaders who do that are the ones who keep their jobs. hosni mubarak, was moderate. the same with the yemeni
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president. the people who follow syria, it is almost impossible to take them out. this idea that the revolution is taking out radical muslims is not true. they are taking up the leaders who are moderate. this situation is going to be very difficult for israel. i have a chapter in the book that shows how after the revolution, three days after hosni mubarak was taken out, [inaudible] came into egypt after being outside. he held a rally in tahrir square, and everybody was chanting let's go to jerusalem now. they were just itching for a fight with israel. we want to fight israel.
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that is all what they were talking about. never mind the economic of egypt. nevermind depression. nevermind unemployment. nevermind all the internal problems in egypt. we are not talking about that. we are talking about starting jihad all over again. the allusion was in order to liberate them, they have to start jihad again. the west needs to understand this. i saw that many people think that freedom and democracy is still underway. in this dynamic, only surviving
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governments can survive in the middle east. only anti-democracy and anti-western is and can survive. and that is what we are facing here. >> the sharia is not friendly. many arabs blamed the failures of the dick tater ships >> they blamed the dictatorships on the sharia law. they are all dictators, whether moderate or otherwise. what can america do?
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they have to be with certain countries. there are many in the west who believe this claim -- but it is our fault that they have these beliefs. if only we have encouraged the democracy and freedom -- we always blame ourselves. the western culture is a culture of self blame. islamic culture is a culture of blaming the outside world. the west wants to blame themselves and the muslims, rather. muslims must have jihad. so what do they do? the best excuse for jihad is to
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justify the violence if you constantly claim jihad. by injustice, you are supporting tyrants. we are the victims of israel. we are the victims of the west. and that defines when they make the west a target of jihad. the best policy for aggression is to present yourself as the victim. this explains why the muslim educational system is extremely hard to reform. they cannot stop hatred. i lived under this. i grew up hating jews.
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may god destroy the west. i heard this from the schoolteachers. we always blame the outside world. never ourselves. if they want to improve, they have to reform education. the education is getting even worse. i will tell you an example that just happened recently. this is a true story. i was calling a friend in egypt, and she was telling me that her son -- he was supposed to go get an immunization shot. or the son of her neighbor or
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something. he was supposed to go get an immunization shot. he cried and screamed that he cannot go. i heard from another kid or the father of somebody that america is sending immunizations to poison and in fact air of children with diseases. this propaganda is at the level of children. some parents and mosques are sending their kids -- they're telling their kids that some kids are getting sick because america is sending immunizations , and america is sending diseases to kids. and they believe it. this is a true story. israel is sending -- they say,
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don't take viagra because israel is sending some kind of defective viagra to make musclemen defective. they say this in the paper. in the paper. and people believe this. whatever the guy tells them in the mosque, they believe it. whatever the mosque preacher says. those are the people who are voting with the law of the muslim brotherhood. the sharia is regulated. there are blasphemy laws, which execute people if they touch the
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word of islam. so in this comes a catastrophe. religion becomes the state. islam has the role of the state. and has brought in a legal system to rule by and to judge by. and they have a military institution called sharia's. but they should open themselves to [inaudible]. but no, you cannot decide because it is an islamic state.
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they are after me wherever i go. they are highly organized, and i am just one person. here i am being sought because i am exposing all these laws, and all these laws come if you really investigate, are to blame for a lot of the behavior and conditions that are making it what it is today. here we are. we cannot speak about islamic state, we cannot speak about -- some muslim countries are asking some united nations -- under the
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pretenses of religion. i'm not talking about religion. i could care less about any religion. but, if religion extends itself so much that it becomes the state and a legal system and an institution in other countries, that should open the safe two criticism. why is the american media insisting that anyone repeat the sharia. how can they expect muslim countries to allow more freedom of speech?
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how can we have democracy and the in the middle east when the west is already complected? we are doing the same thing that they are doing. pretending what you're doing is right. expecting freedom to be a dictatorship in the country. why is the west -- our government, our media, looking at people like me as a formal muslim, trying to ruin my reputation, calling me names, i'm not talking about religion. i don't know how many times. the same thing goes for
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[inaudible]. it is happening in america and europe now in the west. .. the killer of an adulterer will not be punished. will not be punished. so consider a woman who has any
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sexual -- is an adulterer. it's always a woman. urges killing is, quote, parents and grandparents will not be prosecuted for killing their offspring it's a law. i'm not saying they want to kill their offspring. say, nonie says, muslims kill their children or encourage killing their children. so i'm telling you, that will kill their children who have committed in their mind sexual crime. that's what the different guy in
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texas. he killed two beautiful girls, 16 or something like that, for having american boyfriends. and i'm -- i don't think a different government will acknowledge she existed there. there are 500 people that are murdered annually in the muslim world. reported and much more unreported. and again, the trend is expanding, not diminishing. it's what is happening in the muslim world now is happening in the west, and it's an honor killing in america. dare we say -- the dreaded fatwah, but happened to kill --
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i have a death warrant on me if i go to the middle east. and who knows, maybe a muslim wants to follow around in america and shoot me on the street. how can i dare speak about the islamic law that condemns me to death and many others. i must have some form of fault. it's a fault in america now to speak against the law that condemns former muslims to death, and people like me, exiled, because i want to expose this violation of the civil rights and human rights of former muslims. failed to equip the individual of the right value, not just at
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the state level but the state level. put the people to trust one another. not equip them to accept human rights and privacy rights. muslims are to monitor everybody around them if they're not falling sharia, and report them. what kind of privacy. you cannot have privacy. lying to nonmuslims is on beeliker to. so it's an organization comes to america that a branch of the muslim brotherhood. and its obligation is to spread
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islam in america through jihad, it's obliged to rise up. you're obliged to. and this is sharia. you would be surprised. i even was surprised, because after i wrote my book, i discovered two more obligations for a muslim to do to protect the name of islam. slander and exaggeration. you are allowed by name in the book, if the purpose is lawful. you can do slander. and i tell you something that they know that makes you all think done constantly from the pulpit so much. stand and say, enemies of allah.
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it's a regular thing of grownup honest, and they say things about israel like, when israel offered the help to haiti after the earthquake, israelis there, there is a segment on the internet, and intellectual, not even a -- stood and was able a discussion how the jews went to haiti to harvest the organs of the people of haiti. and they're serious. this is on national tv in the arab world. slander. total slander. it's crazy claim. but if you have a population of 50% laborers, even the literacy,
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all of this they believe it. they do believe it. at the american level, sharia broke the trust and bond of loyalty between man and woman, husband and wife, when it allows man to have four wives, and to beat the wives, they enforce the segregation, and the law says that it values women -- their right for the husband to support them is nullified if -- testimony of a woman in court is half the value of a man. a woman needs four man witnesses to prove she was raped. divorce is only in the hand of man, and the travesty under
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sharia to marry. i'm sure many of you read the story of the eight-year-old girl. she looks like a boy. was a figure like -- why? because the laws of sharia allows a girl at any age to be married, and married at age eight or nine. so all men are not created equal are in sharia. christians and jews and nonmuslim also are discriminated under the law. a lot of people in america think they're own discrimination, blacks, hispanics, whites, whatever. but there's going to be discrimination about people short, tall, whatever. it's human nature.
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what counts is the legal system. if the legal system protects everybody, equal rights under all, and for everybody under the law, that's all i want to know. because when i'm discriminated against, we can always go to court, and the court will stand with us. if an american woman is beaten, she will call the police and she will be protected and you bill we arrested. but if a muslim woman in the muslim world is beaten, it's within his right. that's what i'm talking about. i'm not saying that as a west has no problems and me muslim world does. there are muslim men who don't beat their wives. so i don't want to be quoted as saying all muslim men beat their wives, because i'm quoting a law, and that's how they want to get me. i quote the law, and they say
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i'm saying all muslims do that. and believe it or not, when i used to hear all this hate speech when i was growing up, believe it or not, it can sound normal and holy. i never thought it was not nice to insult the muslims. it was holy. these are holy men. who am i to say. yes, evil pigs and hate them and mock them. that's how they -- not one person in egypt today can openly and publicly demand the removal of article 2 of the constitution, which states that precede any other law. so the legal system in egypt, before revolution, after revolution, is the same. they cannot remove, and if anybody open their mouth and
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say, even hint at that, it would be -- the picture is grim at the present and in the near fourth but what makes things worse is the caving of the west, and giving and supporting the muslim brotherhood and radical islam. the west is not just accepting them but they are giving them respect and appeasement. i'm not sago and do something about it. the west can just sit and let them live they way they want to live. but what's worse is they're standing with them in our media, not with the people who are the true victims of sharia like myself, with a death sentence on her head by sharia, the west has given its own citizens and standards inside europe, north america and australiaa. the muslim brotherhood are
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consulting many in our government. there are muslim brotherhood consultants in our government, our state department, and in our military. we have given a blood line to a tyrannical legal system that stands against everything we believe in. islam and its sharia has extracted today -- i am concerned, as a state, can never produce anything but a tyrannical system, and that is why, in my last lecture, i am predicting the eventual collapse of islam as we know it today. of sharia as we know it today, being a state. tyranny cannot last forever. my only fear is that as the
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islamic state, as we know it, is now self-destructing. we are seeing how many muslim countries today are practically self-destructing. it's -- western civilization isn't read y. that's why i'm speaking, i'm scared for the west. if we're not careful, the west can be one of the casualties. and may be hurt by the collapse and the last breath of the collapse of the sharia state. and that's -- many in the muslim world lack an understanding of what truly hinders them from developing an open democratic system. there is ignorance among the people, and i'm afraid that the protesters in egypt are slowly but surely compromising and
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settling with the islams. and freedom will come to the muslim world not through physical revolution anymore. we have tried that many, many times and they don't work. but through an internal philosophical and moral revolution, through acting through reform, separation of mosque and state, making islam just a religion and not a state, and not a legal system. the day islam becomes only a religion is the day we will see freedom and democracy in the middle east. i will come when muslims finally -- i will go and even visit the middle east when they realize that no one should be killed for having left the religion. it's the law of egypt today, if i go there, i will be killed. human rights are more sacred and
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more -- divine than any scripture. they are not negotiable even in the name of god. it's not human rights that must pass the litmus test of religion. at it religion that must pass the litmus test of human rights, and that's why sharia is standing in the way of freedom and democracy in the middle east. thank you very much. [applause] >> is there any questions? >> yes. my name is kami, but i am pakistani. i am muslimment i have spent more than half of my life in wbc, and -- washington, dc, and
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this is my hobby to trash western politics in think tanks. my question is both -- these people are making their living out of proving that they're victims, and i can -- i know these people personally. i have walked down the hill on both sides, with the democrat and rnc as well, and i know these people personal he scared, and i can tell you that these people would be working on gas station or 7-eleven or selling metal on the street if you don't have this in the country. >> and pakistani generals, the army, i cannot get promotion unless my wife flirt with senior generals. 90% of those generals have their
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bank account in america. they are good in golf, playing golf, and flirting with junior officers wife but not good in fighting so the only way for them to get even to india is to promote terrorism. and about sadad. he was rational. he knew that arab arms cannot defeat israeli. we american have so much fire power, we can eliminate pakistan if we want to, our sense of moriality doesn't allow that, but the pakistani generals know that, and because of the consumption highest among pakistani elite. you can ask why they don't have traffic accident? because 100% of them have show hour two don't drink. the other thing i wanted to ratify about this gay lifestyle
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and western civilization, i thing western civilization not a big institution. muse him are going to decide themselves, and west is very, very strong because we have such a strong system that i can criticize you harshly and i'm safe. so this is the kind of inherent quality of this civilization. it has evolved enough it's not going to be destroyed. okay. i have question. my question is that i personally believe that if you are gay or lesbian, something wrong with your mine but this is my personal opinion. what the bible says about gays or lesbian -- i personally don't think that have to do anything to the sharia law. i think that's a muslim elite. they all want to have their children to study in the united
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states. all want to have their bank account in the united states. they don't hate america. they love america -- >> a love/hate relationship. >> but they use the poor masses because they want to maintain their lifestyle, the elite, and only can maintain their lifestyle to create hate in america. >> of course. keep the status going you have to hate and you have to portray yourself as a muslim. you got it. you figured it. >> the hate in them. >> the only difference between -- you know, i have respect for freedom of religion, as long as the religion doesn't violate human rights of others. christianity is against home osexualityil, but christianity -- >> i don't know. >> well, have law in them that
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state that anybody who becomes gay should be killed. there is no law in christianity or judaism, anybody leaves the religion, they should be killed. that what i'm talking about. you're free to believe whatever you want to believe, but there is no total intolerance to the extent of wanting to kill anyone who deviates from the commandments. >> i don't know enough about christianity. >> christianity does not condemn anyone to be killed. >> good afternoon. my name is amy jones, and i'm a former president of the patriot republican women's club. i've seen you before. you're ex-len, and god bless you and protect you. two questions for you. we know that the dos and dod have been infiltrated by the muslims who want to see the west weakened vis-a-vis muslim
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countries. >> you who. >> the department of state, department of defense, and we hear generals talking about these issues. we also see big budgeted items to give money to the arab spring, quote-unquote. what can we do to communicate with our leaders as state, local, and national level, that we oppose these efforts of appeasement and we see where this is heading, and we don't like the direction. >> well, unfortunately our government chose their consultants to be affiliated with the muslim brotherhood, and they know it. so they are not stupid. they chose that. unfortunately. i don't believe the american media or the government is unaware of what i'm talking about. i don't believe. so because since 9/11 there have been so many books written, and
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so many documentaries and information that is thrown on them, and it is -- for some reason they dig their head in the sand and pretend there is no problem. it's better policy than talking about it. or acknowledging there is a problem. i believe this is wrong policy. i'm not saying we should attack muslims or be unkind to muslim citizen is. that's not what i'm preaching. i'm just saying that you don't have to go to the other extreme of supporting organizations that are muslim brotherhood, offending the muslim brotherhood, because every state in egypt after the revolution is taking americans or israelis. why should we send financial support to people who uphold --
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as if we're the enemy is beyond me. we don't have to go overboard. >> one last thing. quickly. you said the islamic state has within its own existence the seeds of it own instruction, which is what mark said, of course, about the capitalist culture, but we haven't collapsed yet. what are the factors that keep the islamic state going, that keep people ignorant and keep them from revolting in a true sense? how is that going occur? >> revolting against constantly, and it's always -- that's revolution, and then it's followed by tyranny, and when mohammad dies, for instance, as soon as dies in the seventh century, 75% of the tribe who converted to islam by force left, and the minority of the
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people who inherited islam from mohammad, the leaders, discovered that islamic law gave them a lot of power. they conquered a lot of countries and became very rich. so they went into arabia and had two wars, warring their own people to come back to islam because this is the goose that laid the golden egg. if islam brought the wealth to arabia. a very poor culture that no great conqueror even wanted to conquer. arabia had -- two great civilizations in the middle east. egypt and persia and the area of turkey, and it wasn't arabia. but arabia discovered the brilliant sharia law, and the koran, and they conquered all
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these nations who were at the low point in their history. and quickly gave them the sharia to rule by, which was a very smart way to many leaders thought it was a brilliant way to rule by -- to make people obey them. >> consolidate. >> yeah so islam was very -- at that time was very attractive to many leaders who wanted the solutions for obedience. >> thank you. >> you're welcome. >> hi. my name is vanessa and i'm an intern at the clare booth luce policy institute. my question is actually based on the happenings thus far with barack obama, he way he is happening foreign policy. do you think he has firm and
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accurate grasp on muslim religion? >> from his books and from what he says, he doesn't, unfortunately. he has a lot of sympathy towards islam and a lot of closing the eyes like apologizing a lot for things that we should be apologizing for. i mean, where are the muslim leaders who will stand and say, we apologize for 9/11? we didn't do it directly but we have brought a generation, thousands of young men, who are ready to do just to blow themselves up in american or jew. i haven't heard any apology from the system that produced these. but unfortunately america looks at them as third-world countries when they're not. you know, the west has to get up
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off its -- you know, this grandiose thinking that they are so sophisticated and third-world countries have an excuse. third-world countries can be as different and oppressive and as tyrannical as any other country. there is nothing called -- third-world countries should follow third-world countries. after 9/11, no. we have to have one set of rules to govern all countries. no country should have the right to attack other countries, and everytime they attack us, we get an apology from obama. it's ridiculous. it's a joke. saudi, we apologize for the burning of the korans? that is a joke because saudi arabia, the government of saudi
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arabia, officially, officially, burned the koran of the shiite because they hate them. so the same government and the same country that burped -- burned the koran in saudi arabia of the shiites. we're apologizing for something that was used for transmitting some information, so i think obama is wrong. >> thank you. >> you're welcome. >> hello. my name is jamie wallace. i'm a texas tech graduate and a congressional intern. i want to make sure before i ask the question i have the correct information. the laws you're quoting are not the primary sources about the koran and examples by prophet mohammed.
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is that correct? >> the last i viewed the laws themselves, they are supposed by the people who wrote the koran, the people who wrote the laws, not by me. the book i um quoting from is quad reliance of the traveler, and stand by saudi arabia and jordan and syria. >> so these practices you were talking about earlier sound in the koran as things you should practice as a muslim? or -- >> no, these are sharia law. it's the law. it's a very legal term but under the law, you have explanation of why they have in that book. it's called reliance of the travel. it's sold on amazon. you can get it used, and if you read all these laws, who wrote the law in the eighth and ninth century they wrote these laws, and they wrote them after
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interpreting the koran, and they get their information from the koran, saying the mohammed and the lifestyle of mohammed, and then after they write the law, then they justify it by quotes from the koran or the lifestyle of mohammed. it's not justifying it. ...
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>> most muslims don't do sharia. i was a muslim. it is to interpret or ask questions they are discouraged so if anybody dares to start asking questions interpreting the first thing they tell is how dare you comment on sharia. i was taken aback when i wrote my book about this.
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i have to study for a year-and-a-half and i have somebody explain to me because i didn't want to rely completely on myself and let me tell you my jaw dropped at this stage. my god that's why we have the democracy and it's all of the ills of the muslim society go back to sharia, and unfortunately sharia is already the interpretation of the great allah. >> thank you. >> you're welcome to read >> good afternoon. my name is david adel with the leadership institute. thank you for coming today. what you spoke about is very
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enlightening and i enjoyed what you have to say. however, my question is basically about you stating that the middle east and north africa region are essentially the islamist state >> phill what? >> the middle eastern and north african region is pretty much including and you say to the u.s. would be a casualty. >> hopefully come if we are not careful. >> i was wondering if you could give an explanation how the u.s. would be a casualty and in consultation with that, could you just identify how some future officials could approach the situation? thank you. >> thank you. very good question. it's called house of cards, how islam is in floating is standing on the new land already
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expanding in europe now and bringing the the most radical elements of europe. we have the muslims now many of the leadership is calling for steep fall, the application of sharia. we have to look at all of the is long history. it is on had went to india or parts of russia it would be more or less peaceful for the 20th century islam became much stronger and all throughout history when jihad increases it
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is weak, so let us see what do they do when they have minorities in the country? in india when they were a minority they insisted on having their own movement because they want sharia camano, we don't want to live under sharia, we have a dual legal system than to the part of india and pakistan but after a while they are not happy pakistan, they want cashmere. they are doing terrorism inside, restlessness where ever unfortunately radical islam goes, it causes division in the
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country and it becomes like chechnya. what we see in eastern europe, kosovo. they start immediately we want to have our own legal system and state islam state because the goal, in europe now i'm very worried we could end up having a chechnya and france, we could have kosovo and india, we could have india in 15 years. by chechnya on not saying all muslims wanted, there are a lot in america who could seascape. they don't want to live under sharia but unfortunately the
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organizations controlling a portion in america are already demanding sure via, they are citing any state that wants to make illegal pending a lot of money it's not in 50 years there citing because i'm trying to alert america about sharia. if they congregate in one area and they become very powerful from owing money from saudi arabia financing all of the mosques and a love the university departments of islamic studies, our campuses now or so anti-semitic and so intolerant of the apartheid
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state in the campus every few months i am invited to come help us. the jewish kids are feeling terrible. our system now is gradually accost the campuses are becoming a little bit kind of they are not allowing so gradually it can happen and the next generation of america my age in 30 years will not be here any more of another generation of america who had been brought up by a lot of guilt, brought up with an educational system that told them your bad, you hurt the
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world, islam is a religion of peace and your constitution should be changed. american constitution is no longer in document it's not illegal so we have a generation coming out of americans who are ready to hand their country on a silver platter to whoever makes them more guilty. in 50 years we can have a chechnya which means we can have a population, majority population of muslims and a certain state or certain area and they might say we live under sharia, the government will say no it is against our law. okay we want to have a separate. we want to call our state the islamist republic of michigan. if i say that, people might laugh at me now but it happened
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in history many times read this one has done that in the philippines. there is a movement in the philippines. there are some islands totally controlled by muslims in the philippines. they tell the christian teachers and arrested many of them and separate from the bigger. it's not only in india and in chechnya it is already happening in europe and they gave them sharia law and to assume there are some neighborhoods they're too scared to walk in that's what i'm talking about. we earsplitting ourselves apart by giving a blood line to a political system, an ideology that is so destructive
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camouflaging. >> thank you very much. >> i'm a student at the master is college in california and internet ati this semester to the i recently took a feminist class thru secular college and while they talked about all sorts of interesting issues i noticed there was an absence of addressing any of the issues you talked about with sharia and the women's issues with the islamic ideology, so i was wondering if there's a way that you suggest we can make people more aware of that and also fight back against some of the inconsistencies i noted even in the modern feminist movement. >> thank you. that is a great question. unfortunately this movement doesn't even want to touch the problem of islam and the
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oppression of women. for many reasons. the problem is too big. it also will divert the attention of the main goal which is, the goal is antiamerica leftist ideology, so another reason they are not touching it is there is no feminist movement in the middle east in the modern world, so who are they going to support? most of the of muslim women were sent by saudi arabia to speak and they defend sharia and islam so there is no feminist muslim movement. there is a movement by people like a former muslim, but there
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is no feminist muslim movement. islamists, women who call themselves muslim are not standing up and that's what i was saying. i was looking during the revolution that says we should have equal rights under the law. men should not be to that. so, american feminists are not finding an ally, and i have a whole chapter in my book talking about why we don't have a feminist movement anymore. >> thank you. >> thank you. my pleasure. thank you. square" insidet
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and the rebirth of the nation. >> i'm >> we are glad to see everyone here. we have c-span taping this evens event here. we will begin with a conversation. we have with us with -- first let me into myself -- interviews myself, i am leila hilal. we have with us today to distinguished guests, and we'll excited to have this conversation that such a timely period in egypt's history as we see from the news it continues to face turmoil to read to my
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left is to rob malley the middle east and not africa program director of the international crisis group. he really probably needs no introduction for those of you here who are based in d.c.. but prior to his tenure he was a special assistant to president clinton for the arab israeli affairs and he was the executive assistant to samuel berger of the national security adviser from 1996 to 1998. he is published widely and is a leading analyst on the middle east affairs and we are very glad to have him with us today. to my right is ashraf khalil run not from washington and a fresh voice to us in d.c.. he is a cairo -- based
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journalist and with the "los angeles times" and covering baghdad and jerusalem are based in both places to reduce previously reported for "the wall street journal," foreign policy and the times of london and economists as well. he is a border of the very popular their best founded now. so, we are here largely at the -- to launch ashraf's new book. it is published just last month because. we have copies outside. it's entitled inside the egyptian revolution and the birth of a nation come "liberation square". the book has been received quite a critical acclaim.
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he noted it was calibrated in the background commentary and prognostication cut and above all described as an essential reading yadin the urgency and vitality of the era of the spring egyptian chapter with and the the daily beast voted council debate today the campus of the state, so we have copies of the book that will be arriving and it is available to science and chat with you further as i think rob has to leave immediately, but we will try to cover as much ground else we can in the discussion. just to begin with you, ashraf come in your book sort of seeps through the decades of mubarak's ruled before going into the
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tracking the 18 days of revolt when, then you close with some commentary on the key transitional challenges ahead with our economic corruption and freedom and security performance. and, you know, i think with some of development in egypt in the past 48 hours there is clearly a very current conversation to have about egypt and i think the events are changing quite quickly that but i think it's also important to keep what track and to note what led up to the revolution. in your book, and just to note you have them based in cairo with for 15 years which means you didn't just land in his cairo on january 25th, 2011, you obviously saw this leading up and described in your book increasing stranglehold of the regime and in the agitation will
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of people on the ground of shorebirds at one and i remember as the dictator felt many said that egypt would not. but in less than three weeks marrec was gone, so was this a surprise to you? >> there was a lot of immediately after tunisia when there was a lot of chatter and egypt. the activist forces were twa will openly trying to figure not how to make the same thing happen and trying to lay the groundwork for the similar uprising by you heard so much that can't happen here. i remember talking to 26 actually the day after the start of the revolution when you had these unprecedented numbers turning out and taking the country into uncharted waters i remember getting a cab what and having a classic physical deily
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kucinich katella driver like to know, we can't do with the tunisian state they are a civilized country, would be even then the egyptians didn't believe they could pull this off fifth and one of the stories of the mo gouarec regime is that if people lost faith in themselves he really killed engagement and really the hopelessness and the people as dictators go he, there will be no mass graves being on earth in egypt, but she really sort of killed their spirit and it took awhile but people just lost faith in themselves and so immediately before the revolution started the arab league had a summit and the economic it was sent right after ten nisha or ejected and the
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egyptians are starting to set themselves on fire you have that disturbing little to many trend happening in egypt and all of the arab delegates were like no its not possible this is sent to nisha who to rid of devotee had a reason why egypt what we couldn't be repeated in the the one guy i give him credit for this from day one he was the head of the arab league suppose to be in lock step and i was shocked by the quote god he was basically saying no this is a wake-up call there's things that need to change the to this could spread. we have to become very careful and acknowledge the people will not be marginalized anymore. i remember the quote vividly. estimate the the sense of marginalization and the resistance did not, it wasn't a sense that people suddenly on january 2051 or what was the day
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when holmdel the felch? >> almost two weeks before savitt 11th. >> people suddenly realized that they had a grievance toward the regime and there wasn't that they hadn't tried to express themselves. their work events leading up to the revolution that enabled it eventually to begin. you can say that to nisha was a catalyst in the sense that it wasn't the reason for the uprising. some get certainly wasn't the reason people had grievances and it wasn't the reason that people but it did open the door of what was possible. it didn't break, they broke on the 25th i think, but it really chipped away at the sense of helplessness that had taken hold over the previous decade plus, so just seeing that it was
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possible changed the game but obviously going back to have so many bad elections, so many cases of the rampant police brutality and corruption and the case of the young man who was beaten to death and alexandria in june of 2010 and whose name became a touchstone for ball always does and the unchecked brutality of the interior ministry under mubarak that was big when and i try to mark out he was a turning point and she was a turning point but i still -- i maintained that without to y tunisa maybe there would have been a revolution but it doesn't happen on this sign line. i'm going to ask you to read quickly a passage from the book. the first chapter which is entitled the accidental dictator i think this chapter quite
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amusingly and humorously tells the story of that and the attitude of the attitude of the people. perhaps now is in their mind as they face their current struggle against the staff. >> chapter 1 is called the accidental dictator. >> imagine for a moment george bush and won by the office leaving dan quayle and national punchline nobody thought would never wield any power then imagine that nearly three decades later this same white light was still running the country that an entire generation of americans had never known any other leader that he and maryland were renaming the bridges and libraries after themselves and the president for life was seemingly grooming one of his children to continue the family
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business of running the country. if that seems far-fetched it's not too far from the reality egyptians have been mean living through for nearly three decades and simply put it is the modern-day faeroe never supposed to have been. one of the ironies of the 29 year def drew one egypt was that he stumbled into what was the most important and influential job on the modern middle east entirely by accident. it's a reality that became clear when in the uprising that finally topple the mubarak once they succeeded in shattering the police state that kept them in power it became immediately clear that there really was no plan b. the regime and its final days fell back on the parade of antiquated and sincere rhetoric uninspired and tone deaf concessions and finally one last effort of the vicious violence and a desperate attempt to retain the control.
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it underscored that hiding behind the tear gas at the central security rights beliefs was an intellectual bankrupt cenacle space of the regime. that's why there was a distinct undercurrent of bitterness and shame mixed in with the euphoria and the research and sense of empowerment in the streets that february when mubarak with left the states. the sentiment was something approaching i can't believe we let these guys run our lives for decades. a spec think that is to the sentiment of the revolution and when there is mass mobilization, that mobilization sort of carries and creates the dynamic that creates a sort of
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unstoppable movement towards the new reality and i think we saw that very clearly in egypt and a quick fall of the regime, but we also contrast it with a place in syria where after ten months of uprising and clear public statements from the arab league the other players forged their vision to go it still holds on tightly to power, and i wonder what in these revolutions is the tipping point? what makes the difference in terms of changing the dynamic on the ground to confront such an entrenched power one, in your observations at what point did the balance of power change,
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what was the tipping point? >> i think there were small tipping point with tunisa as the final shove over the cliff. i think you had multiple years of the relationship between the police, the interior ministry and its relationship to the citizens with kim toxic may be ten or 15 years back in just stayed that way you had so many cases. the economic situation is an underreported element to this and seeing not just how much harder life became as the costs went up and salaries stayed the same but seeing the top 5% flourishing so well and obviously seeming to operate under a different set of rules that everybody else was operating under. that played a role. the november 2010 parliamentary election was such a clear slap in the face that just showed the
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stuffing was so over the top bid just showed that the government was regressing as much as anything in one of my -- this is kind of a corollary to the economic situation and that's because of the economy, because of the lack of jobs and that the successive generations of young men were who had no hope of ever getting married, they couldn't find a good job, university degrees cut 20-years-old, 35-years-old to be on the jobs available or the ones that didn't pay them enough to even make it worth getting out of bed which means they could never live out of their parents' homes and they could never get married and never really start their life. i think one of the reporting aspects of this is how much sexual frustration played into the egyptian revolution and if you ask generations that could never lost their lives and
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afford to get married. >> and you talk about that in the book, you know the film cultural -- >> is a humorous slapstick comedy what about these guys because they're living at home were the university agreed but living at home in their late 20s but because they can't get married, they can't find a place to be alone, they can't have sex , but it is humorous is actually poignant because it tells the story of the frustration. ceramica met guys on the protest line who may as well have been characters in the film and they tell me the two sentences in their entire life. they graduated, they have a good degree that they don't have influence. their father couldn't hook them up a job or they didn't have an apartment waiting for them to get married in so they are just
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28 at home, that's their life for this and a half people returned to their home? >> are they still in the street? we are hearing of the continued demonstrations and protests but also been told of the silent majority which doesn't support the protesters and the protesters are in the minority so where are these frustrated you've? what are they overcome by a sense of what pessimism or do they desire to return to normality? has the revolution become a sort of marginalized effort despite the continued need for change and reform? >> that's a good question. some of them are still out there protesting and many of them have gone home and the issue and whether to continue street action is a very divisive issue as you said in egypt the
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november and december clashes that were in and around the cycle it was bizarre to have massive violence and people losing our eyes and a week later, five days later and three blocks away in place opened with a line down the block and then a week later there would be massive violence on the same street. was surreal. but i think you are right in that to those protests especially in november and december were hugely unpopular. they did not represent the majority of the egyptians, but if you ask the protesters they are totally fine with being in the minority. they think they were in the minority a year ago. they think that the phrase that you hear in arabic all but time has been the party of the couch which is their divisive term for the silent majority tataris but basically sat at home watching television and cannot to join the party on february 11th after
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this ten, 15% hard-core minority did all the work for them. i'm telling you what they're thinking so they know they are in the minority at this point and they are totally fine if that. >> i'm just going to bring you in here now and i think you were in egypt in december and january and had the opportunity to meet a cross section and have your own sense of what's going on on the ground and recently in the past 48 hours we have seen the demonstrations have been renewed and there's a lack of activism and the political parties that have come of the platform for the journal for the exit of present elected civilian presidents. the meeting is the news and there's an effort that builds the public consensus around the
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demand for the military were to hand over power were no devotee is resisting over the justin of the constitution to build them protections of the major interests. yesterday when the protesters attempted to evidence on the parliament interestingly i think to hand the demand for the transfer of civilian powers to this new elective body were in the muslim brotherhood dorworth blocked that even to unwed. wondering as well what are we facing the counter revolution in egypt is there an effort to solidify the reality which people on the streets feel is
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not with the of original demand for the empowerment, devotee, civil liberties given the interim period where they crack down violently on the demonstrators and sort it is often a way that it wants to where three tenet prior control over the economy over sort of foreign affairs. is this a counterrevolution? >> preliminary comments. thank you for the nice introduction of. when you insist it is also of washington used to detect me as a new gingrich. [laughter] to be the second i highly recommend you read the book. it is informative and entertaining. i want to touch on a few of the planes. first, you make a comparison between egypt and i think there is one element which is decisive
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in a number of these cases which would as the security force? in egypt to to make the argument that was both of revolution and the military coup and it is unclear which one was more important. the military may be piggybacking on the uprising and trying to perpetuate the mubarak whether he will succeed or not is a different matter but that is part of the reason why things went so quickly have and there is no such chance. you can't have the current regime surviving by the power structure. it's much harder to do. they may try the it's harder to do because they feel like once he goes they may all go with him and that is a much more dangerous scenario. that is point number one and if you look at yemen and the ball train all of these cases one of the key determining factors is how is the security apparatus constituted what is its relationship with the regime?
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second point, and you mentioned the revolution that is the title of the article that we wrote several months ago one of the points we make in the piece is the egyptian revolution in particular hot. yes i think he's right they were people organizing the there is no clear leadership what to read as nonviolent protestors from there was no ideology behind it, there was the program in the manifesto, you didn't have a -- it wasn't in that sense which was an extraordinarily powerful attributes of attribute of the uprising because it was almost impossible for the regime to tackle in the they were prepared to deal with the violent uprising than they were with this because it's sort of like jell-o. they didn't know how to go after it, but the strength of the revolution i think in many ways made it the weakness after it will bark was toppled because you didn't really have a party constituency agenda you had
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protestors, and i think that brings me to the main question which is what is today the power of the protesters and why is it that you have this tension between those in the square and others that may be the silent majority. >> when i was in egypt of of the conversations i had and i agree a lot of us don't really care for their minority and eight believe they were a minority then something has changed there has been an election and a number i spoke to evin might have been sympathetic to the revolution at times that we demint we just had in the election i'm going to come up with a number, maybe i am exaggerating or not, maybe i'm underestimating but about 80% are represented in the problem today. there was a process that was agreed in the election, then you can have the constitution that's going to have to be in the referendum, then the presidential election and then the military has to receive the power. most of the people, vast majority that voted and were represented in the parliament believe that that is okay, then
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you have a large number of demonstrators who were calling for another, trajectory at another time table. it's hard today for them to have infil longer-term to legitimacy they had as a minority during the revolution when you now have the legitimate process with fault and what not the legitimate process to put in a people to live with the timetable was agreed that is a problem now for the people. it's been a big distinction, you're right he. >> it will revive in my view if and when the politicians who were elected proved incapable of dealing with the problem egypt has to do whether it is the political transition and the economy or security that is when the protesters can revive the legitimacy but right now the have to make a calculation which is how do we maintain legitimacy when most of them who voted seem
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to have voted for something differently and the muslim brotherhood has been very clever so far in managing a complex sort of triangle relationship between the self and the protesters and their view is to say we agree with what you're calling for the there's a political process we have to defend which is why they formed a human shield to and from getting access to the parliament. i think it went to the very interesting game where i see the three actors of the muslim brotherhood and the protesters fear they're playing a blind chess because actually it wasn't planned, they don't know how the other parties are going to act because it is a new game and they don't know how they're going to act because it is new for them as well. ..
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and a portion dynamic but what is the sustainability of those protests given that you have the elected parliament, given that people just want to see change on the ground? >> i do believe that if anything the military has only itself to blame for the stubbornness, the enduring stubbornness of the protesters because the protesters convicted the calendar and point to st. action concession, st. axson concession to read they cannot be blamed for thinking that the only thing that has produced genuine serious concession from the military has been st action. militahe current timeline of the military departing in june, 201y unpopular november clashes.
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but what we are heading into -- robin's view is correct in that the election is flawed, but largely successful. no one can say it wasn't insincerely run election to it was well attended. it does change the map and their legitimacy. much of the country, as you said, agrees with what the protesters want, just want stability and calm. now is not time. what is the difference between if the military leaves onto very good team, or if the military lives five months later it that is a very persuasive argument. as far as internal protester dynamics, this alliance between the brotherhood of the military, it has been coming for a long time. they have been flirting for a while and had their pearls and etc. now we are seeing it made tangible where the brotherhood
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is now the government and by proxy the military from the other protesters. it is interesting to see that final piece click into place. i'm curious to see where it goes from here. that is new territory. >> i think that is a very important point. it goes about how nobody knows how to play the rules of the game. i think the staff has been incompetent because they could have made a lot of concessions before the protest, which would have really undermined and undercut the relevance. as you said, every time they have reacted, which both of the protesters and discredits the military. up until now, the brotherhood has been a win-win situation. >> they are not the ones who are causing chaos on the streets.
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they also appeal to those egyptians who want normalcy. that is a large reason why they did so where. they were an agent of change and a familiar figure that was a familiar stability. if you accelerate the timetable, that is benefiting the muslim brothers. they have been able to take advantage of the military and protesters without them self having to clash with the military. at some point, soon, they're going to be responsible -- people are going to turn the two them when people -- when the economy or security is not going well. so far, they have been quite astute, a product of their educations and over the years having to deal with adversarial conditions. they have been able to play that game quite well. >> a very quick thing i wanted to ask as far as the military brotherhood relationship, and
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that the brotherhood is counting on holding the military to this timetable of departure on june 2012. i remember being in suez and wearing a brotherhood party pin. i asked him, do you trust the military? he gives me this huge smile, and he was like, i don't need to trust them. it is not relevant whether or not i trust the military. the implication there is if they drag their feet on this june 2012 thing, we will just go back and they're not losing sleep over that. they know that they have the stick. >> right, but i think also the complication becomes that you have a selective parliament. and i think the people will be looking to elect parliament. i do not think that the staff wants to retain the executive
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powers. i think it will turn over. but the question becomes how much power will they retain? the attempt to stay -- to delay the transfer to a civilian president and holding elections for that, the attempt to delay it is to control the constitution making process or have some control of it to retain major interests. i think that the brotherhood is, perhaps, willing to allow them to retain power in foreign affairs to ultimate power -- to have the immunity in control of the budget. it will allow them to do that. but the question i have is
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clearly a mounting dissent against continued control. if they continue to maintain that control and the brotherhood seems to be aligning with them, will the parliament lose legitimacy? and what kind of democracy will play in a contested atmosphere? just to point out some of the developments that occurred, a liberal member of parliament, leila hilal, allow the holding of elections in april in order that the power be transferred by may 1 to a civilian president so that the constitution making process isn't completely in military hands.
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the liberal members of parliament that walked out of the session yesterday, because of their complaints that the speaker of the house is from the freedom just -- freedom justice parties. they said he was biased in his delivery shins. there is a small chance that the parliament will be -- and they could maintain in front of the parliament, there is a chance that it will lose its legitimacy. >> department? >> the parliament in this environment. does that make sense in your mind. what does the parliament enjoying each of now? >> i think there is a lot of hope for them. i am not sure if there's a lot of date, but there is a lot of hope. they are the product, as we said, a flawed but not
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insincerely run and well attended election. they are the product of -- by default. but the best election egypt has had in how many decades. that means it brings them a lot of legitimacy. it will be rough. it will be a mass. no matter how many well-intentioned they are, not that many have experience of democrats. the brotherhood, for all their decades of struggling, they do not have a democratic structure. people are going to probably have temper tantrums and fallout with each other and mistake the natural processes of a democratic coalition building experiment and take things personally when they probably shouldn't take things personally. it will be messy for a while. >> i have looked at not just the
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tunisians but egypt -- a lot of the problems we have in each -- egypt, a lot of those went well. there's a lot of fighting in parliament. there is a lot of demonstrations of forces. we are going to see all that. that is inevitable. the question you asked about how are people going to react to the military's -- not attempt to control -- an extraordinarily challenge economic -- >> they don't want the headache? >> who does? >> no taxes and -- the secrecy of their budget. and overall leadership in foreign policy. if it were simply left to the
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muslim brotherhood, they could live with that. they are realistic. all of these things -- they don't think really undermined their power. but they have a long view of history. five years, a decade. sooner or later they have in mind several examples around the region. they don't want to be algeria in the early 1990s when the military got so afraid of the possible victory of the salvation front, there was a massive pressure. they don't want to be hamas either. they want to have a coalition. they look at turkey. it took them many years. today the military is in its place. it could take them years, they can do it. they have been in the underground for so long now. a question you asked, which i think is a pertinent one, will
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people on the street or other forces start complaining and say this is not good for is? in a way, it could happen either way. they could live with this arrangement, this passive transition where you have an agreement between the military and political forces, or at an acceleration of a transition, some of the prerogatives not being handed over -- it could provoke a reaction and jeopardize their hard earned dean. >> the question is if they maintain these prerogatives, 10 there be the kinds of changes that will be economic changes -- changes in the security forces. the opening of the media. will you be able to have these sorts of institutional changes for the people? >> ideally what we are going to need to see -- we are going to
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focus on the relationship between the government and military and the control of the military's budget. there are smaller revolutions that need to happen that would be significant victories. a genuine anticorruption campaign, a genuine attempt to weed out nepotistic hires from the government. a genuine attempt to instill responsible journalistic ethics within the media or just shut down, you know, state television and -- i am of the opinion that there should not be administrative information, but that might be too much to expect. i am big on interior ministry reform. one thing i'm doing is trying to figure out my list of metrics for how to drudge the progress of the revolution. civilian inside.
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not some career general that owes 30 years of weber two and other general. a civilian, an outsider interior minister. when you talk to police officers, they always say -- and it is hilarious. they all went to the same class on this. they all say, well, would you want a minister of health that is not a doctor? that does not make sense. no, i am not buying it. it is a civilian interior minister. set by the elected government to clean the stables, fire whoever you need to fire and change the culture. that is top three of things that need to happen regardless of what happens between the brotherhood and the military. >> i think there is the question of how is that going to happen and at what point? >> and they will be resistant to it.
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>> let's change and talk about the brotherhood and justice party and the chances given the attention or what appears to be movement toward the accommodation. we cannot say that the freedom and justice party are monoliths. certainly, there must be some brotherhood members who were protesting. as there are fragments, generally, there will be fragmentation within the brotherhood. what impact will that have in terms of lyrical dynamics in the country? what do you think the chances
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are for fragmentation? >> i think that fragmentation has already happened. it started immediately after february 11 to you have members of the youth wing break away and form the egyptian current party. that was founded by young brothers. you have king abdullah, who was a senior brother. he broke away and is running for president. he is taking his followers with him. the splintering his arty happening -- it is already happening. he will draw some people, they will lose some people. it is inevitable that you're going to keep the unity, all the ideological differences come to the floor.
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the power struggles become more prominent. it is healthy, but the brotherhood is going to remain a primary player. the fragmentation, sure. it is happening and it will continue. >> i think that what is striking, it is true that the fragmentation has begun. i went back to some people and they said they are losing their youth and all true, in the end, they performed beyond what most experts were saying within a week of the elections. they are by far the strongest magnet, there are so many kinds of groups. you meet them all the time. they were not able to capitalize on these tensions within the movement. that does not mean that they would will not face challenges, just look at how moss. they also have to compete with what is what you call the right wing version.
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if anyone needs with them, that is the number one priority. they will tell you everything you want to hear. they are speaking a lot and not saying anything. they could say something that someone will be worried about. they will have members of parliament -- members of legislation on social issues that make the brotherhood have to make a real choice. do we risk our base or stick to our base and the risk of eliminating the west and those in our own country. that is going to be a challenge for the brotherhood. i think they are more worried about that than their own internal problems or it forces. >> they are not going to take a position on foreign policy
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issues. are there interests more internal? i think effective of the u.s., when it becomes a problem is when it affects foreign policy interests. will it just be a matter of accommodation between the brotherhood and the sullivans so that the sullivans can do their thing internally i'm a domestically, socially, and then the brotherhood and the military authorities can continue to control the foreign policy. do you think they have an agenda on that? >> o at camp david in some form. at least you modify camp david. beyond that, no. i think they're going to focus on the domestic agenda. there is an interesting dynamic
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that could come forward that could really embarrass the brotherhood in many ways and put them into a couple of positions. you bring forth some sort of domestic legislation that brings the country with whatever they think it is. the brotherhood in the position of alienating the west, secular coalition partners, by siding with this, or you put the brotherhood in a position of doing something that they are saying is not islamic. and you say oh, no, power has changed. it's going to be fascinating. i'm looking forward to watching this play out. it will be amazing. >> i would say -- right now i am seeing leadership in december and january. the promise of evolution in a month was extraordinary.
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it took the muslim brotherhood years and years. >> a. have been taking pr crash courses. >> in december i met with a leader and the answer he gave me, if i was sitting there with your motherhood motherhood what would be the difference? they believe rights for women, respect for democracy, they are ready to leave it. it happened so quickly. some of us think yes, we like democracy because it gives us a voice. do we really believe it is right? two weeks ago i met the leadership. all the right answers. we are not going to touch camp david.
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it was very impressive to see how quickly they begin what they were announcing a few weeks earlier. >> it will be fascinating to watch. these guys have not had a live mike turned on them. they have been in the shadows. now they have their own tv channels, they were being interviewed on tv, they were on the parliament floor, having to build coalitions. it will be fun to watch. >> we have a very enthusiastic team. i would just like to ask a little bit about u.s. foreign policy and whether or not the u.s. has a role in egypt now, given the internal dynamics, which, as you say, are interesting and it will be interesting to watch.
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should the u.s. play a hands-off role and let the egyptian politics take their own turn? is that even possible given the u.s. support for strong, large support -- military assistant for egypt. what is the perception and what role can the u.s. play? >> it is a good question. deftly the u.s. is right to be treading carefully. i'm sure during the revolution there was a lot of debate and trepidation of where do we -- what we say, even if we, the u.s., are pro- devolution and coming out pro- revolution could hurt the revolution.
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in and around the military that his much lauded and praised decision to not fire on civilian protesters, i have always suspected there were a lot of very quiet, very firm u.s. arm twisting on that, or just a quiet, don't you dare even think about it, from washington. if that really happened, i am grateful for it. what should the u.s. do going forward? i'm sure it is very confusing. i would fall back to some of these metrics that i am trying to devise as far as how do you judge a stable or successful post- revolutionary landscape? i think the u.s. priorities -- should be pushing a interior ministry reform. also, civil society. leaving civil society to grow without hindrance, without
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harassment, and that is obtusely what is happening right now. my biggest concern, is the attack on [inaudible]. there is a whole host of egyptian ngos that operated on that day as well. long after iri got their files that end these egyptian ngos might be completely screwed. they might have had their work pushed back a decade. i hope the administration keeps that in mind. keeps a very sharp eye on leaving civil society to grow naturally without harassment. >> let's focus on the transition of reform that needs to happen. >> i'm sure we were going to get into more question and answer
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period it is not how much relevance the u.s. is going to have. it is about the rediscovery. the political leaders are going to be fixated much more on political opinion than what is happening in the quarters of washington. very unlike the time of hosni mubarak. you would not see what you see now with the ngos among which is a slap in the face. especially at a time when egyptians need assistance. it really tells you what they care about in terms of the balance between what they hear in washington and what they hear on the streets of egypt. i was doing a radio show, and there was in it -- there was an
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egyptian. the white house put out a statement criticizing against protesters. the egyptian journalist was asked what did you think of the u.s. statement? she said i know it was a statement, and i know that the u.s. labored for hours about how to say it. i think it said something about how less relevant the u.s. is. then there is the question of effectiveness. one thing i stressed on this last trip -- and you hear it all the time, it -- many other egyptians believe it. they are convinced that the u.s. is engaged in a conspiracy to weaken, fragment, undermine egypt's power. that was certainly hosni mubarak's thought.
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today, which are seen on the street is very much a u.s. attempt -- part of this is protection. you want to blame an outsider. but i happen to believe it is also a genuine believe that they have. they cannot imagine all this would've happened with some foreign hands, and the most credible is the u.s. the u.s. also has a very generous reputation among other egyptians. you are not seeing egyptians rushing today asking the u.s. to intervene. many egyptians we met were as critical of the u.s. the u.s. tester tread carefully not just on interest, but because they have the legacy of an extremely negative reputation having to do with policies. that means that sometimes when it is going to say is back fire. public opinion will react
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against what the u.s. says, not because of what it says, but because of perception and the problems of reputation. >> we have a very anxious member of the audience here. let's give her the microphone. >> thank you very much. i am from the atlantic council. i want to talk about egypt's role in the region. it is interesting that they would say that the u.s. was trying to undermine. egypt hasn't had much of a role in the last two years. the question is, can it play role regionally? what factors do you see that might actually cause it to be able to overcome this domestic turmoil and play a role regionally? if israel attacks gaza again, will there be pressure to do something about the peace treaty? if israel attacks iran, will there be something about the peace treaty? or can we expect this year that
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it is just going to be egypt focusing on getting its affairs in order? >> i think a little bit of both. on one hand, it is true that egypt is much more internally focused, in fact, he's -- peace talks have taken place. egyptian way is nothing new, as he pointed out. i think it will take some time. for now, the main power -- egypt has the negative power. when you go to israel and asked the officials about the way they have to do things in gaza, for example. their main concern is how egypt will react. not by military action, but if they will be worse by public opinion to bolster public relations -- they don't want to have yet more problems with
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egypt. they are frayed that egypt is going to have to take a much more assertive effect. when there is -- when there was an attack and there was speculation about egypt reentering gossett, they were afraid of how an egyptian regime would react. that is going to be true for some time. at some point, egypt will recover its role. ashraf khalil speaks about this in his book and today about how a lot of this was egyptians trying to recover their dignity. what role is egypt playing in the region now? i think that time will come. i was told it would come more quickly than i think now, because i think that the magnitude of the domestic problems are of such it will take a wild for them to recover its national role. sooner or later, it will come.
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>> i think that egypt moving forward, and it might take a while, there might be a self obsessed domestic focus for a wild -- in reforming egypt, they could play a very positive role in the region. i think that egypt is one of the factors dragging area backwards. an egypt that is built around a rule of law and a genuine society and trusted national institutions could be a very real beacon in the region. that is what i'm counting on. in terms of current geopolitical issues, certainly another flareup in god's a war and other attack on gaza will put any government that exists on the terminus pressure to do what has been done previously.
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i don't think that the camp david treaty is under any threat in the short or medium term. i think there might be a request for some alterations to enable some more leeway on the gods of order -- the gods a border. basically egypt being told what they can do on the border was extremely humiliating that hurt them domestically. i don't think they're going to let that go by again. beyond that, yes, i think there will be a lot of pressure to treat god to differently. that is the extent of it in the short term. i would like to say that having the situation where the israeli government now has to worry about the opinion of the egyptian people before taking an action, that is great. that is healthier than it has
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been in a long time. i think both sides, the way that camp david has attracted it, both sides have been unhealthy. i think that hosni mubarak new for decades that he could do whatever he wanted to his people as long as he kept camp david. the israelis knew that they could do whatever they wanted and not have to worry about public appeal. that is just counting on the monarch to shove it down peoples throats. it is not peace. i am looking for a much more mature israeli-egyptian relationship. i want the israelis to be worried about egyptian public opinion. why not? >> i think you have a very important point.
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the issue that has been on both sides -- the israeli people claiming that it is a very bad thing -- get getting away with it -- the egyptians collaborating for palestinian rights, but happy to deal with whatever israeli policies or u.s. policies -- it is both interesting and positive. i agree completely. as i mentioned, gaza. i came back from gaza a few days ago. it is interesting when you speak with the hamas leadership. number one, they don't think changes are going to come overnight. they are quite pragmatic. right now the, right now the people are dealing with this. give it a year, egypt is going to have to be slightly more vocal and balance the relationship between hamas. they see the winds of history
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blowing in their favor. possibly different elsewhere. >> can you wait for the microphone, please? >> mr. ashraf khalil, it you have mentioned the role that tunisia played and the people of egypt. my question -- if egypt has the population and age structure of japan, how would you see this whole revolution without a wall? >> meaning a much older demographic? >> right did in proportion to the total population. the impact being so many young people. what percent of the population? >> what is the number that you
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have heard? >> i have heard the present of population is between the ages of 15 and 29. >> okay. okay. obviously, there is this huge bubble of youth coming up. another way before them that it has kind of lost a generation -- that is 28 to 32, with nothing going on and no prospects. that was a huge factor. of course, the failure of the hosni mubarak government to provide economic opportunity to these multiple generations, and possibly the failure to provide them with the skills to go out and earn money for themselves without the socialist guaranteed public sector job infrastructure that is kind of going away. no. it was huge.
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part of it, you can't blame the government for. it was a huge problem, and i would hate to be the one in charge of solving it in what a lot of money disappeared. a lot of jobs were handed out unfairly. i do blame the hosni mubarak government for failing to provide hope for these multiples -- multiple generations. that was one of the major factors fueling the revolution. >> but the youth were not the only ones. >> know, the youth were not the only ones. again and again something i saw during the revolution was multi- generational families. there was once a quote. the brief the vice president, long time intelligence chief who served as president of ford
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ashraf khalil -- hosni mubarak fell. he said and mispronounced the muslim brotherhood several times. he also said he would tell the protesters to go home and tell the parents to come and get them and take them home. i did a radio interview that night with an american radio station. they mentioned that quote to me. that is hilarious. i just came back, and i was talking to somebody who was there with their parents and grandmother. that is not going to fly. he is dealing with something much more than irresponsible, reckless youth here. >> i think it will be interesting to see how the demographics of the protest movement change at all going forward. we have a question here in the back? the gentleman? >> thank you.
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you started the question -- conversation with economics, and we have not touched on the current economic problems as well as the insecurity police have. i was wondering if you could address those issues. a few. >> those are going to be the biggest challenge is in a new government for them to deal with. and economic situation -- one of the paradoxes of revolution is economic distress and economic deprivation, both of which have been made worse because of the revolution and the circumstances that exist today. that is a huge factor. a factor of the insecurity which is both natural when you are in a state of insurgency, but also the police were the scapegoats of what happened. see if you can deal with the situation without us. both of them, i think, are
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extremely dangerous. i'm sure you haven't been in egypt as much as us, but i saw frustration, violence, street fights. i was there for five days, and i saw some extremely brutal and dangerous altercations. the economy is not doing well, the tourism -- i was at the cairo airport. the airport was empty. the hotels were empty. with an economy that needs stability for tourism, it is going to be extremely hard. this is one of the variables i don't know how they are going to deal with it, and it could go very badly very quickly if the economy doesn't recover. if the security situation does
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not recover. >> exactly as rob said, the economy was not going all that great before the revolution and he it was one of those situations where you egypt was one of the imf world bank darlings. the situation on the ground was more tangible. there was more economic desperation and resentment flowing from seeing the top 7% living so well right in front of you while everybody else was so hard. from those tumbled when -- from those humble beginnings, the tourism is a major thing. tourism is not just seaside communities and the guys who work at the pier mitts. tourism is one of those things that extends into every aspect of the economy. that has dried up or is operating at low capacity. every time there is one of these
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flareups, the irony is -- as i keep saying -- street action. every time you get street violence on television, that is two months of tourism gone. it is huge. that is one of the aspects that have turned the population against the ongoing protests. the phrase that keeps popping up -- and i see it in the newspapers and i hear daily -- the wheel of production. we have to get the wheel of production moving. the first time i heard that, i thought it was hilarious. i thought it was a stalinist hangover. but it is important. people are listening to that, and they think the protesters are holding up the wheel of production. they think that they are holding the country hostage for their irrational demands.
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the economic situation is not great, and it's not getting better. the perception of insecurity is very bad. the curious thing to me is that people blame the protesters for the lack of security. i get into these debates with people. they do not blame the police for not showing up for their jobs. i have had these arguments with people in egypt where they act like it is the protesters fall. i'm sorry, i missed the part where we killed 100,000 police officers. they are sitting at home. why are you not mad at them? why are we not yelling at the interior minister to get these people back on the job? there is a bit of a disconnect there. yeah, it needs to aid itself fairly quickly. it is one of the larger concerns.
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>> i spent 10 years in poland starting in 1990. the average wait is -- wage was $35 a month. coal miners a little more, doctors a little less. they really had no choice but to start over when the system collapsed. when you had robust tourism, there still was this economic inequality and still people who could not afford to get good jobs after they got their degrees, with a country that is still there -- the country hasn't collapsed. you don't have an opportunity or an obligation to start over again. how do you go about rebuilding an economy not just to get the old economy back? but to rebuild so there is a wider opportunity for everybody?
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>> i will say a couple of things very quickly. number one, and actual genuine, sincere, enforceable anticorruption crusade -- that will make a difference. not only in that less money will disappear, but that will encourage foreign investments. i think there is a whole host of multinational corporations that are willing -- it speaks volumes about how attractive a market you should pass that all of these corporations were willing to pay the 10 to 20% corruption tax just to do business in egypt. those companies still want to do business in egypt if we actually reduce or take away by 50% -- which is only 10% of the money that disappears -- that would be an improvement. not taking into account the medium-sized businesses that look at egypt and say let's stay out of that. we cannot afford the corruption overhead. you can fix things in a way that
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brings more money in and keeps more money in the public sphere. actual tax collection. the only taxes that are collected at a multinational corporation are taken from your paycheck. income tax, not really. there are so many loopholes. i don't know the percentage that was paid, that a properly run country will have a better economic success. >> with the status quo that is emerging, to protest against anticorruption and tour the minister of economics to do something about reduction. there is a conflict. conscious of the fact that we only have five minutes, i'm going to take a couple questions, and then you can answer together. we have one in the back here and one appear.
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>> the question i have is about the upcoming -- >> i thought a recognized her. hello, mark. >> the question is $1.3 billion in military financing that honestly there is going to be a great policy debate whether we should, in fact, give it this year, recognizing the responsibilities of camp david, or if that should be used as a method with some of who are here at present to make sure that they keep to their commitments. is that a good enough or capable enough tool to get the attention of the staff, and you talk a lot about hosni mubarak being the pharaoh. i would be very interested in your comments about the field marshal, how he is playing with the staff, and is he


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