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tv   The Life of Jimmy Carter  CSPAN  September 3, 2014 4:17am-5:24am EDT

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in the office. so this case will actually enflame the country. it will give great figure to the new york republican party. and in 1858 a rather important senators herrenvolk around what happened in kansas. and what happens with dread scott. and that is in illinois. the new york times said until the selection of illinois is settled will be the most interested dollars million in political speaking. abraham lincoln nominee, first and only trace of the republicans of illinois verses stephen douglas, an internationally famous u.s. senator. the two had known each other for a long time. lincoln considered douglases success compared to his relative failure to be as standing offense.
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douglas said had one series after another of successfully more important positions in politics. lincoln was born to run against douglas for the senate. of course in that time senators are chosen by state legislators. the thought was that if the parties named their senate nominees and campaigns throughout the state people could be persuaded to vote for one legislator or another based upon party. of course those a famous series of debates were they talk about the great issues of the day, the expansion of slavery, popular sovereignty, and the country discovers what lincoln's friends and political allies have long now, a brilliant, crafty, an exponent of these issues that he believed in. so in the process of winning this election he becomes a national celebrity. well, election -- lincoln actually was the most votes. remember, the district at the time are not run according to one man one vote.
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there were a number of holdover democratic senators who have been elected. lincoln was the majority of the votes, the majority vote for the republican plan, but douglas as novelist reappointed to the senate. lincoln is convinced that his political career was over. of course we know that not to be the case. douglass returned to the senate. now, douglas is furious that his experiment has been hijacked by the proslavery forces. the proslavery government which has hijacked a state of kansas has submitted that constitution to congress for approval. this constitution enshrines the right to slavery contrary to the wishes of the vast majority. buchanan is determined to force the constitution down the throats of congress. douglas and one of his finest hours decides to oppose the president. buchanan summons termless to the
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white house and reminds him of the names of all the different parties, dissidents who have been crushed over the years by the president. if you don't get behind me on this and going to ruin your career. he named some of the people who enter jackson and driven out of the party and said let me remind , general jackson is dead. he goes back to congress. well, ultimately the constitution is far from a compromise. represents the worst list of the postal it to the proslavery elements. so douglas is successful in stopping the constitution and the house of representatives. and at least to a schism in the democratic party. the democrats it together in 1860 denominator president. not quite sure what will happen. you have buchanan who has no hope of running and winning again. the democratic party, we have a two-thirds rule. the get together and came to
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grief. you have the southern forces who are angry at douglas for opposing. you have buchanans forces who are upset. you have daedaluses supporters who are holding firm. surveys by -- decide to split up and reconvene later in a separate convention once people have cool off. no one really knew who the democrats are going to nominate. some people were going to nominate pierce. how bad is that? franklin pierce for his part actually favored his secretary of war, jefferson davis who will win the president's selection of his own. so ultimately the people who walk don't, the first democratic convention. carry their banner.
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so and so they're looking around saying who are we going to get behind. so the former house speaker runs as the only presidential candidate of the constitutional union party, basically former ways and people his head was just not talk about slavery. that would be the easiest thing here. obviously the republicans will have a surprise of their own and their convention. abraham lincoln not meant to be a major factor. of course douglas and the publication of those debates, a nationally best-selling book making a huge celebrity. he will travel thousands of miles in the year leading up to 1860 and 1862 to bring himself in front of different audiences throughout the country and he becomes the leading possibility of a leading advocate of the hopes of william seward, former governor of new york, senator from the york. they thought he was to extremely
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anti slavery when. silicon is the surprise nominee of the republican convention in the city of chicago. all five to five all four former presidents who are alive at that time will oppose action. even bill millard fillmore for whom he had contained the election of 1848 him he had known personally because the four former presidents were concerned that lincoln's election, the election of his party opposed to the expansion of slavery would trigger civil war. they're worried the link of what actually destroy the institution of the presidency itself. despite those differences the former presidents of the presidency as the conciliator and chief, the person who contains the elements hostile to the union, the elements that tend to drive the union apart. so regardless is our presidents were always willing to make concessions and to do what was
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necessary to try to prevent civil war. in lincoln's face of very real possibility of a civil war. buchanan will support john c. breckinridge, as will franklin pierce, as will john tyler two is now pretty friendly in the democratic camp. tyler for his part actually wanted to get elected president. authorized his friends to put his arm forward at the convention of the opportunity arose. it did not. he actually ran as a delegate for the electoral college. actually some debates with some of the electoral sphere of the people perish the job of being the lincoln a lecture from virginia. talk about a thankless task. lincoln, of course received no votes in the south and very few votes in the border states. and so in the election of 1860 abraham lincoln, this is the first election of a brand new
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america. america is now not point to expand, them or capitulation to be a slave interest every time their rattle sabers. no more. air going to stand down. lincoln embodies that policy despite tremendous pressure to compromise. in the run-up to civil war which volatile states considering secession the most popular compromise that emerges is something called the a crib and then compromise. and it is a pretty simple measure. it will extend. it will ban slavery from places like arizona and new mexico. and so clear going to come back for more. they're going to want to go to war to require more territory to
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increase the number / states. this is where we're standing. iran and the issue of preventing slavery in the territory. better now than at any other time. and so in the midst of the crisis south carolina losing the union, president james buchanan who had assembled one of the most experienced cabinets in history also run a number of southerners supported the idea. the country's finest. we don't even need to have a civil war about this. and that is toward a very uncertain future as president telling his friends and family that had gathered to see him off to my leave not knowing when or whether time they return. at task before me greater than that which rested upon washington. someone who understood his
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history, knew a lot about his predecessors in office nine they had the biggest task ahead of him of all the. silicon gel becomes president of the united states. he is sworn in as president despite the assassination. the city of washington with something like an armed camp. they had to the capital for him to be sworn in. and he tells people at his inaugural address in your hands and not mine is this issue of civil war. registered to destroy the air in. the most solemn and sacred oath in order to preserve, protect a man defend the union. throughout his presidency lincoln, of course, while not enjoy what his successors had. he don't get involved. gillette the predecessor address the issue that you have. the former presidents to the issues of the day as too important to stand silent.
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in fact, so strong a presence or might even supposed to return to the city of washington. opposed presence he was a very meaningless position. franklin pierce, what is there to do but drink. during the presidency of abraham lincoln. so when shots were fired on fort sumter my presence all reacted very differently. millard fillmore, he encourages people to join the union army. doesn't matter who started this. the flag is been fired on. twenty-two years by a president. martin van buren will do the same. paid very close attention to the movement of union troops throughout the war. the developments unfolding is pretty encouraging men to join an analyst and the union cause. even james buchanan who had watched seven states seceded on
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his watch, president lincoln was simply following his policies. if you have been in lincoln's position he will be doing the same thing. buchanan sees his ultimate vindication and lincoln's success, and lancaster are even now he will indicate his own course of action. james buchanan will write an import and op-ed talking about the oath of the army officer who has resigned to go join. franklin pierce, a southerner at heart opposes the war effort. he gives speech saying that if the south can't be convinced on their own we cannot pursue them militarily. it is a fool's errand will be completely disagrees. he will give speeches denouncing lincoln and his policy on his courses and his suspension of civil liberty. he will campaign throughout the war.
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campaign manager for the new hampshire state legislature who will oppose linking. so he will remain a thorn in the side. franklin pierce will give a speech on my very important day, july 121863 talking about how the war is to be thailand cannot be one and that lincoln is to be defeated for reelection and his policies need to be discontinued reno on july 4th robert e. lee is retreating from the pennsylvania battlefield where his army had lost its offensive capability, heading back toward virginia. in this city of the expert giving them union control of the messes of the roadway and dividing the confederacy. very, very ill-timed speech. i call it a political bull run after the initial major conflict of the civil war where the union does not exactly shine.
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but franklin pierce will be accused of treason by lincoln's administration. a series of letters which pierce has published. at that moment he is the better of the administration because the administration is acting on faulty intelligence. this was very short-lived. pierce after jefferson davis has his celebrated this secret correspondence between peers and davis were appear sell some of the south to lose hastily without having a civil war on their hands is discovered and published national mean much to the discretion of our former president. and some and you have heard of by the name of nathaniel hawthorne. many dedicates his latest book to president pierce it becomes quite a big controversy. i don't know if changing hands carry an ira. compromised by buying the book but putting out the dedication.
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pierce, a very unpopular figure. millard fillmore who starts out as a strong supporter will totally in opposing him after emancipation. more willing to fight to reconstruct the in as it had been. less willing to fight for the destruction of slavery. abraham lincoln, when he issued the emancipation proclamation preliminarily and formally on january 15th now broadens the union war effort car reunification of the country to the unification and the destruction of slavery which will culminate in the 13th amendment which iran lincoln runs on. if you have seen the movie lankan, incredibly focused on his efforts in order to get the 13th amendment passed and forever prevent slavery. this will divide lincoln, return from war against him, that will turn pears against him. john tyler probably have the most interesting course, where
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he died as a first of all the presidents. john tyler was president of virginia secession convention and tried to drive viejo out of the union. his attempt to try to give virginia and, opposed by this former president who uses all of his influence and all of his persuasive ability to drive virginia have the union. tyler actually served in the provision of confederate congress and actually urges the confederate capture of d.c. after the defeat, the in indefeasible run. tyler, his wife of course live behind. married woman 30 years his junior, left hind a forest. and eventually run the blockade and return to live with a mother reluctantly in the city of new york. after lincoln's assassination a crowd of people will show up at the tyler residents and a man the confederate flag that hangs over mental. while it looks like a confederate flag, but it was
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actually designed to in years before the war by her sister. and the mob was mistaken. in a mollusk other house, attempted to define or former. the other presidents was a the face of challenges for their opposition. millard fillmore had his house vandalized because it did not display warning signs for the president. he felt terrible about the presence murder, but he was actually on vacation. franklin pierce displayed no signs of morning, and he had an angry mob come to this house in trenton and purity comes out and gives a speech in talks about how lazar match theirs despite his political disagreement. you very much joined them in sympathizing with the murder of the president, just on the eve of his triumph in the civil war. appeared poised to be able to reunite the country, to reconstruct the country, to bring it back together, many the only person who could have done separately taken away, very
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suddenly taken away, the first presidential assassination. now i should probably stop for questions. ten minutes of questions. let's do it. >> can you tell, looking at the modern trend of our former presidents and how they conduct themselves and their research you have done, before presence during civil war, talk a little bit of what you perceive to be the best way to conduct yourself and anything that stuck out and surprise you and how the five former presidents conducted themselves. >> a great question. actually wrote an op-ed in the "washington post" about the nature of the post presidency. george h. w. bush, and the gang is like 90 years old jumping and of airplanes. whereas the u.s.s. george is still the bush has been sent to the persian gulf in response to the possibility of another war
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to increased american involvement. george w. bush you initiated the conflict just says, must try to criticize my successor. i think the model for the post presidency is to always be available for advice. during the civil war there was actually a great deal of talk about the former president's coming together have a meeting. five former presidents, and get them together. surely they can, but the solution. pierce will try to initiate the meeting. van buren will end up successfully undermining because he knew that pierce was trying to subvert abraham lincoln and his war policy. so being able to a candidly and confidentially give advice. the thing with the ex-president's the is that they have served in the rule. the standing of a former president of the radical in there out of politics. they see no more political
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office for themselves and are in the best position to just issue candid vice, confidential advice to the president, the country. so i think the president's either support their successors with modest exceptions during election time, speaking about funds excellent speech of the democratic convention in 2012. the election time, the partisan corners and come back, stay out of politics largely. other questions? >> are of a race-based? >> well, all of his fangs, i think pierce just has absolutely zero personal qualms of slavery. he just doesn't care. he was upset when new hampshire passed a law preventing / from coming in and answer.
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the fact he did not care costs slavery. the danger of having a biracial country. the worst violation of the constitution in history when abraham lincoln used as commander in chief powers to free slaves and the territories and the rebellion. a number of different things about of a him. >> i would like you talk a little bit more if you can. lincoln is elected. did not take office until march. for six months he is still president. seven states received from the union. he does nothing about it. he leaves this problem for lincoln. what is going on there? >> you know, he gets a lot of grief for mystery, but not for the thing that he actually deserves to get grief over. so is dealing with southern
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states seceding, the issue of secession. he is 16,000 troops under his command. arizona, protecting settlers on the frontier. but even all 16,000 together in one place he can't even defeat south carolina with that number much less the nine south. he charged to compromise his way out of it. crenshaw by a state of virginia after serving as an emissary to the president and the confederate states. so they tried to work it out. he think about it, buchanan compromise in 1820, the compromise that ended the first session standoff in 1833. the final settlement. we have all these compromises. so a lot of hope and compromise and legitimately so happened on his watch. so i think this is sitting in waiting he actually did when can
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a great service in some ways and not in others. he would have driven the united south out of the union. one of the most important things of lincoln did was to preserve the border states. 's, perhaps, would love to have gone on my side, but i need kentucky. he cannot win this fight without the border states. missouri, kentucky, maryland, delaware and opted to succeed, the task, with a ben today to accomplish. by waiting and waiting for us out to initiate hostilities he was able to preserve the border states, keep the border states. so i think she really did not have much that he could do. it was not helpful when he kept the secessionists in cabinet or announce that he had no lawful authority to go after stays there were seceding even the recall secession illegal. those things were not helpful, but ultimately he has some new people around him.
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his attorney general. and he leaves again as well off as almost anyone could have. >> we got rid of lincoln's birthday and washington's birthday at present state. i always hated that because of his two of the subjects of your book, you know, pierce and buchanan are just lonesome characters to me. i mean, not just our we insulting lincoln and washington by taking away their holiday, but do these men deserve to even be respected the history or should we set up a couple the way that they are not part of the president? i was joking. six share your sentiments. there's a holiday. one of the things i learned about this book, they tend to be reviled. they all have their parts to play. i admired millard fillmore, his willingness to stand up for compromise and sign on popular
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legislation that destroyed his political career in order to prevent a civil war from happening ten years earlier. the south probably -- the decade of 18501860 really was the population and industrial advantage in the north, increasing to the point where there are nearly guaranteed to win any sort of civil war. i will come back to you. look, i mean, they guy was a general and the mexican-american war and served with distinction. you can serve his country more or less steadily for decades. john tyler opened up trade with china for the first time, pretty important issue. pretty important part of our economy. so they all have those things that they did right and it wrong. obviously the solution did not stand the test of time, but you can't understand the united states without understanding the civil war. brother killing brother, dividing families. lincoln's own son.
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brothers and long were killed on the war, dividing families. the civil war that is with us to the state. you can understand america without it and you can understand civil war without understanding five former presidents. so they all have a good and the bad. my favorite reviews so far on this book is ben that i have no axe to grind with these presidents. represent them as they are let you be the judge. you're certainly welcome to be the decision makers. other questions? >> can you discuss -- just briefly you mentioned tyler and his role within the confederate government and how that may differ -- differentiate it from franklin pierce and his role of being outside and advising. >> yes. both peers and john tyler bofa crew very meddlesome during his presidency. pierce politically so. i make the case in the book.
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just a continuation of politics by other means. the politics is actually a continuation of war by other means. he think about it, the objective of the war, the length of the war, determined by politics. the political question the administration, enough votes in congress to appropriate money for the war. so there will work hard to elect opponents to lincoln, including george mcclellan, lincoln's upon in 1964. tyler on the other hand, lancaster of a compromise, trying -- even offers to give for sumpter back to south carolina and ordered to give virginia to stay in the end and get the virginia secession commission to go home. tyler will hear none of this. he is all of his influence. so both of them proved to be problematic. lincoln on the inside than one on the outside. other questions? >> yes. >> as you mentioned and seems to
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repeat itself. a lot of the antics that preceded lincoln's term, it seems like their is a lot of similar activity going on nowadays, especially how it relates to the economy and how much we're spending on tournament. and with the interjection of the two-party, can you draw any more parallels? it is just kind of foreshadowing another civil war? >> no, thankfully. but here is the thing. i was a history jackie and very active in politics forever up the opportunity to register myself. a great opporunity to write three books out. history will be worth it for me to read because it is a great story. some of the most amazing stories ever. you would not believe it is somebody wrote in their novel.
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too good to be real. that is not a good enough reason i write history because the messages from the past resonant with us today and are applicable we can learn from these things. we can remember a matter how divisive and combat of our politics, remember there was a point when our country went to war with each other and we lost 2 percent of population. two out of every hundred americans, a war that destroyed broad sections of the country, 10,000. and so however bad we think it is, and i like watching tv and hearing, this is the most of my selection ever, the most combative, negative campaign. people's memory goes back about ten years. look at the politics. that scared news. we had a whole host of very serious problems in this country he touched on one of them. $17 trillion in debt that we are passing on to the next generation.
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maybe a first generation in american history that will be better off than their grandparents and parents. so these are serious issues. remember that america has always found a way out of these problems. the other, we see a series of these lackluster presence who are not equal to the task in front of them, the solution is to not stand the test of time. from that time comes abraham lincoln who is really the most amazing person of this american civilization. so america is frequently been bereft of the warrants. congress and the president are at all-time lows in popularity. easy independence increasing as a share of the electorate. people are frustrated. so america has regularly been without the that reflected the inherent wisdom, goodness, and integrity of the american people . remember, wherever the
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republicans are really in danger, this hour of crisis in 1861 we turn to abraham lincoln. absolutely optimistic for the future even as i write about a previous time of lackluster leaders. thank you so much for coming. [applause] [applause] >> thank you, sir. thanks to everybody. first and foremost, the book sitting at the table. a couple boxes and anything case we run out. taken up to the registered first and get it paid for. then you get start lining appear. last but not least, if you can carefully hold the chair that you are seated upon, place it up against the wall that wieum.
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this is just over an hour. >> welcome. it is a pleasure for me to introduce. i have followed his tour for a long time. his undergraduate work was done at a school where my father was a dean. and my brother joe attended the school at the same time. and randy has turned into one of our great modern american historians. one of the things that makes a great is he really minds the resources of presidential office. he has come to my gone through and found very interesting documents that other people had not seen before. combine with that he has also bind the resources of the
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archives on the various evangelical organizations that have become involved in politics and in addition to that a talked with his research killed. he is an excellent writer. i have had the privilege of reading many of his books including the one that is just out. i can tell you as much as i have all these subjects in the mile research. if you want to understand the difference the 1970's and 1980's in case you have forgotten there were significant differences. you want to know about the transition to a time when jimmy carter says was president to a time when ronald reagan was president, if you want to understand the role of billy graham's and american politics, the role of the cherry caldwell
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and american politics, this is the book for you. i highly recommend it. as i say, i read it personally and found it very fascinating. i think all of you will, to. before you rush out to buy the book you have the privilege of hearing some comments by the author of self. i give you randy bomber. [applause] [applause] >> thank you for that very kind introduction. it is wonderful to be back here. a lot of work here. the last time i was here when you see him being refurbished. it's been more than three hours this afternoon going to an exhibit at 445. i was utterly and grossed. scorned a few things that i did not know before going to the
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present. want to talk a little bit. tell you first of all as to indicated that went to college, a small college in northern illinois sites. was not good enough to give into wheat college. i went to a small school in the early 1970's. it was during my time that that jimmy carter burst onto the national scene. i had grown up as an evangelical . what was so remarkable to me was that he talked unabashedly about being a born-again christian which is the term we used to describe ourselves except we were always coloring would be did that. and the form of a, a kind of wake-up call. the man who was watching for --
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running for president being taken seriously able to talk about his faith in very unabashed and unapologetic terms. and so i began taking notice of that. i followed his terror rather closely. this is all but one point of wanted to write a book. i have to say i have been kind of bring with this idea for probably at least two decades now. over the last decade or so i spent a good bit of time during the research. when my schedule permitted. and i just say that i think i've -- claman's for themselves which maybe is not justified. the first biography, takes his face seriously as a way of understanding of himself, his conduct, but also the very turbulent religious time in
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which he did. says 1924. some the first president ever born in the hospital. his mother and he was able to be born in a hospital. the first time in american history. jimmy carter went to a place as cool and he was commissioned to into the navy. a submarine program. and then in 1953 his father succumbed to his to package a habit. jimmy carter was granted leave
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to go back and attend his father's bedside. a revelatory moment because he saw what his father's life admit to some many people to the things that he did not know about his father. the time, for example, that he provided money to of families of a combined enclosed to celebrate their daughter's graduation from high school, something they could not afford to do otherwise . the time that he carried people's mortgages when they were too poor for strapped to do so. the times that he had extended credit to various people in the family. and he returned to his posting in schenectady wanting to have a life much more like his father and to do the kinds of things that his father had done in the community. though center of his decision to leave the navy was rosalynn carter who was not abused by this development.
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apparently is nearly as i can tell. the cartridge from schenectady new york to georgia was conducted an almost total silence. to a very strong people. jimmy carter, the debate or the arguments. the transition. carter, of course, takes the business, not successful in his first year, less than $200 profit for the carter business interest. then he quickly begins to build this into a growing concern. he also begins to look more broadly and service to the community including servers on the sumter county school board and then on his 38 protect the october 1st 1962 jerry carter gets out of bed and puts on his sunday trousers rather than his
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work trousers and goes to america for the georgia state summit without having consulted rosalynn before doing so. when i asked about this says about a year ago pieces, i still can't believe i did that. he would not dream of making such a decision like that today without consulting his wife. times were very different in 1962 than they are now. the election, of course, is contested because of the widespread corruption. i forget the numbers. there were something like for some reason an alphabetical order to ounces second and third letters. it was really quite a remarkable day. of course he finds out about
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this. he is morally outraged. i have to say, my favorite book, turning point as bristles been robbed of his election. and he mounts a campaign when 1963. runs for governor 1966. in georgia at the time. beaten by of all people mad expiry notorious. his seriousness wais. did they after lyndon johnson. the parking lot of his restaurant with an ax handle threatening to.
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he did not want the desegregated restaurants. he uses this -- the campaign. the vigorous campaigning. in to that campaign. really the fields around planes. just not knowing how to proceed. very often with tears in his eyes. then, of course, carter stapleton, the pentecostal evangelist. he has a recommitment of his life to jesus was does seem to be very transform if. he speaks of that experience not as a born-again experience which occurred back in 1935 at the
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crest baptist church, but as a regal to weigh rejuvenation of his faith. on the heels of that jimmy carter goes to mission trips, want to lock haven, pennsylvania with other baptists corner and knocking on doors to tell people about jesus and again in springfield, massachusetts a november of that year of the cuban american pastor from brooklyn to. help me out here to believe this program. again, and very formative moment. at the end of their week together carter asks camino, how it is that he has such a strong belief and how he is so effective in dealing with other people. ben cruz stills carter that the secret to a life of faith or being a good question is two
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things, to love god and to love the person in front of you at any given time. and he repeats this many times over the course of his life as being a former the moment for him. he never loses sight of the georgia state house, and in 1970 he launches it another campaign, this time successful. mr. carter and others. he does "as a gracious vote in his campaign. at that time they could not succeed themselves. he endorses maddox and seeks and when some of the segregation in endorsements. he's uneasy about that even at the time. he tells him at that time, you
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like my campaign, but you will like my administration. there is some evidence that -- i think it is inconclusive, but there is some evidence that after that campaign carter apologizes to his perry opponent in that campaign, former governor carroll sanders for cars conduct during that campaign. but it was not exactly a sterling moment in the life of jimmy carter, and i think he realizes that and regrets it. he takes office as governor of georgia is january 12th 1971 and famously says the people of georgia the time for racial discrimination is over and this is in part what really estimates in. there is an article about jerry carter and his inauguration as governor, what he said to the
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people of georgia. within several weeks time magazine put some on the cover as an example of a new style of government, posters of governor perry not to mention the article carter is the one who was on the cover of time magazine. carter almost immediately begins to think about running for president after being governor of georgia. a few days. he begins looking toward larger rises. george mcgovern's cataclysmic loss to richard nixon and the presidential campaign of 1962 cars as tell with hamilton jordan and others and begins to plot out his rise to the presidency four years later. at the end of 1973, the beginning of 1974 to remarkable
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evidence to place within six months of each other. the narrative is going to virgil little bit more toward religion and faith. the thanksgiving weekend in 1973 in chicago, illinois at the wabash ymca to -- evangelicals, they hammer out a document called a chicago declaration of evangelicals social conservatives. this is a remarkable document the strain of evangelicalism that his offered in this document and available on the web of economic data for yourself, it's part of what are called progressive image of wasn't. takes his mandate from the new testament where jesus talked about having the character to be
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peacemakers, turn the other cheek. but also historical the the antecedent was evangelicals in the 19th century in the early 20th centuries who were very much concerned about those on the margins of society. in the antebellum time in particular coming out of an event that historians call the second great awakening at the turn of the 19th century there was and evangelicals reform impulse that really did reshape american society over the course of the 19th century. ..
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>>
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>> who were trying to make the world better place. and detonates the reform impulses those that jesus called the least but this is traditional but in the 19th century to rehabilitate in the antebellum period and the 20th-century as well with william jennings bryant and albeit failed democratic nominee for president with issues of this sort so people gathering and in
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chicago has actually tried to rehabilitate which have fallen away for reasons that i can get into later. but to contain statements of the of of the tourism in the gap between rich and pour in and the scandal people went to bet hungry, equal rights for women. l least among many but also the sturgeon of racism. so this event that took place november 19736 months later in athens georgia
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there was the event university of georgia law school that is the tradition of the georgia law school that it invites dignitaries like supreme court cahan justices and senators and people to address them. of the keynote speaker was the senator from massachusetts, senator kennedy. of that time it was the governor of georgia jimmy carter. and had to do with the impeachment proceedings against nixon and carter addresses election and says
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there to influences on his life one watches ronald and hater and the it sad to the politics was established to the of a whole world. but the second formative influence was that great theologian bob dylan whose song eight can work on maggie's farm no more was day important song of farmers and goes on to narrow say that's a particularly lobbyist against ordinary folks. in those who very often
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themselves were the dignitary agencies and corporations. and the prison population but overwhelmingly those who cannot afford adequate representation with their way at of the justice system. and he would sound those populist themes he was beginning to reverse for his presidential run in 1976 of course, his remarks a mistake journalist in the audience and said he figured hunter thompson was simply going out to refresh were
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never a dull beverage he was consuming bad day but up to retrieve his tape recorder because he wanted to be extraordinary. a politician who dared to your toe and later described the speech and said one of the most remarkable speeches he has ever heard for a politician to take on powerful interest to speak the truth so within the six months period in a remarkable juxtaposition ideology between the chicago declaration and a lot of the themes that carter started in 1970 for 40 years ago this month is when he made that famous address. and then to announce his
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candidacy in the month before the gallup organization conducted a poll on the part of the american people and of those 32 names they listed in announcing candidacy for president in 1974. and then to make a name for himself in the caucuses and a january 1976 and then as part of the national conversation and. one of the signature at achievements that on march 9
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he beat george wallace on the florida primary effectively ending his tenure presidency vanquishing the segregationist from political dive of the day. and then for having done that in 1976 goes on to the democratic national convention and then into the general election and find a high intel he decides he gives an interview to "playboy" magazine a few weeks before the election and this is the famous interview where he a acknowledged he lusted after other women other than his own life under the and remarkable.
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the press picked up on this and made a huge spectacle and carter began to sink and he lost 15 percentage points with the favorability rating after the playboy interview. desk week by that election over gerald ford and cats the presidency. to talk up the presidency itself not to to address specific endeavors or accomplishments but to focus on the religious situation that is quite remarkable so why is it had evangelical voters in great numbers to than turn against have four
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years later in 1980. there is a fascinating story try to tell in the book that is often misunderstood. that these evangelicals were exercised over the roe v wade ruling. jerry falwell and others and very often said they are the new abolitionist with the opposition to a portion and evangelicals to slavery and to actually there is a bit of fiction. abortion for evangelical simply was not an issue for most of the 1970's.
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we have some evidence for this but in 1969
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>> >> the quick story aristos in particular not to oppose abortion for racial segregation in the issue was the rule of the 1954 budget
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the civil-rights act of 1864 antheil's except for bade racial segregation in order discrimination. the irs was trying to enforce the provision the act of 1864 in issued the opinion any organization that engages in racial segregation and discrimination is not by definition a charitable organization. therefore it has no claims of tax-exempt status. again i can go into details of the case that cannot of mississippi but it was called segregation academies after the education ruling of 1954. as the irs tried to force the ruling by the way from
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the district of columbia with the case to an force that provision the irs targeted a fundamentalist school called bob jones university said did not envy it - - shipment of african-americans as a part-time student on the campus of bob jones university and racial mixing did not admit to the student body but still retaining racial policies. that is what got the attention of people like jerry falwell who said it is easier to open a massage

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