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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  April 15, 2015 6:00am-8:01am EDT

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>> what are you so quotable concerned about the democratic initiative represented by the movement of? it's a long overdue attempt to ensure some belated justice to palestine. it's very welcome democratic initiative, isn't it in
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congressional districts? >> no. i disagree wholeheartedly. i think the movement is absolutely misplaced but i think it's wrong. i think for one to sit here and equate what's going on in israel and the palestinians and somebody quite the position of when you've got rockets incoming killing innocent people, if you've been there and seen it and you know, there's a saying that says if the palestinians would put down their arms that could be peace. if the israelis put down their arms there would be no more israel. i think it's as simple as that. and prime minister netanyahu you know, he's out there in a very forceful way saying if there were a partner in peace we could make some progress. but you don't have and the palestinians anyone who is
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willing to recognize israel's right to exist as a jewish state. that's the problem. you have anybody on the other side of the table even recognizing the existence. how are you going to get agreement? that's what i've been such a strong supporter of the security of israel, and until the time when there is an opponent or a partner for peace on the other side of the table, i think the american public will back the position that i think. >> one comment per person. thank you for your question. >> my name is rachel. i'm a senior at the college. there are a number of us are from a class about the political divide between the left and right. given your long tenure in congress have you noticed the divide growing? if so how has that major job more difficult our what strategies have used more to combat this growing divide between left and right? >> good question and i think very apropos here at harvard because i had a discussion with i think the dean here.
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he says it's good to be part of an institution whose mission is to solve problems. so yes, i think the divide has intensified. i don't know if it's grown. it's intensified. some of that i'm not going to look into this, someone that is partly due to the press and the fragmentation of the press the bill before all of us to access the kind of news we want and perspective we want to hear. and in many cases constituents of these numbers of congress choose to watch news or read news that matches their own views. so there's a very, if you take that and put it into its extreme, how much are you going have in common with one another? i just think has become a very the game has been out in terms of advocacy at all times advocacy is confused with the news. so yes. and how to go about combating
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that? i think that goes to the topic of today's discussion. it is about leadership that is committed to a long-term goal that we all can get around. i used to start weekly caucus meetings we would have at the republican conference and i will put a slide up on the screen which would ask the question how is what we are doing this week on the floor in the chamber helping the people who sent us here? and if both sides could agree that that should be the goal then we to disagree all day long on the different methods to best help but at least we are saying we are here to reflect that notion of helping people in terms of being elected leaders. answer to think it takes leadership committed to that long-term view. i think it takes a practical ability, again i said to do you day job, to understand windows pressures come but not succumb
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to the siren of the short term is some. >> with time for a couple more questions. you are up. >> i'm from the business school across the river. you mentioned earlier one of the reasons president obama faced resistance was what you perceive as a lack of will call the personal touch. but then almost unanimous rejection of most of the policies he put forward suggested to me that even dale carnegie would be hard-pressed to have dinner with that many people in order to build those connections. so i was wondering if you had any advice to give ourselves in a situation where we're facing people are checking your policies, maybe not solely on the merits thereof but more kind of a perverse incentive structure. >> you are right. i think of response in time that what has happened is republicans in congress took the few that they were motivated more than anything else than just to stop the president. i know that. i know that.
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i saw the. there was probably nothing more galvanizing in many instances for our party than to be against what the president is or isn't for. i mean is for. i think the point is well made but i don't think it's hopeless because i do think starting today, if you're starting to invite members one by one in couples, four by four to try and make something work for the last whatever 60 months of his term, he ought to be doing that. and so you say what the day -- what you say when you're faced with someone who's just going reject you just for you are i mean, it's tough. it's tough but i also think the difference in the business world is people are less quick to adapt that kind of mentality because you have a mutuality of interest in trying to do a deal or trying to close a transaction. whatever does. i think that's what you're going
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come in everyday life outside the political arena you have people of all reasonable because they have a shared and. but in the political arena we've got to work to sort of create that shared and again. >> thank you very much for service and for being here. going back to think about the trade-offs between spanish which please identify yourself first? >> my name is jim sheriff and i am a file in advanced leadership initiative. going back to your theme of short-term versus long-term, and you look at so many of the long-term challenges we have, social security reform, medicare reform, things, you know, the debt. with our current form of government are we ever going to be up to solve it or is it time to actually call a constitutional convention into something a little more radical to fine-tune our constitution to work better on long-term issues? >> first of all i would be just
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take note of the law of unintended consequences if you call a constitutional convention. so leave that at that. no, i think there will be some prospects after this election. the problem has been in washington, they really are two fundamental differences that the divide has not been bridged and have to do with how you fund the government, taxes, and how you expand or spending that money. on the one hand, the tax question as those been the president feels much like we talked before in the first populist notion that you raise taxes on rich on the rich you're not paying enough. republicans say no news -- no new taxes. taxes. and an undecided spending, the disproportion cause of the deficit, as we know is entitled was because of the demographics in the country in connection with health care costs. the republicans have always said since '09 that what we would say is transition from a defined
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benefit plan to a more defined contribution plan. in other words, have beneficiaries over time of medicare take more of the risk not just have the government or taxpayers do it. of course the democrats respond, the president says that change the nature of the safety net, we are not doing it. so those two things that's what you can't get agreement of the deficit, that's what you think like a transportation bill coming up. unless you decide to fund it incur more debt like they did with the sgr built a couple weeks ago the health care reimbursement bill unless they do that it would be a short-term band-aid fix at best. bother to think over time, so it's been about six years since the ryan budget was first put forward and i think over time there's been someone someone is on a partisan democrat to listen to it as has there been some republicans willing to listen to closure of some loopholes on the tax issues. so i think over time we will get
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there but it's frustrating and yet the patient, and i'm not patient, so yes it's been i understand why the frustration. >> good evening. my name is scott. thank you confirming -- for coming tonight and spend time with us. i'm a joint master's candidate in the business school and kennedy school and a former military officer. >> thank you for your service. >> thank you. a question involves leadership in the private and public sector, and specifically any differences you see as key to being an effective leader. more at my question, what advice would you base based on your experience in washington to your current colleagues, and on the flipside what advice would you give your former colleagues in washington based on your business experienced? >> probably the most obvious example of a different, so when you're a leader in congress you are a leader of members who have
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basically their own bosses at home. so each member of congress represents about 750,000 people, and although you would hope that they would have sort of a sense that if they go to washington and are able to accomplish something as a team, they could go back and sort of exploit what is happened for the benefit of the people that sent them there. often there are because of the short-term pressures and rewards system that has developed there's not as much incentive. in fact, there is perhaps a stronger draw to go off on your own and to block what it is leadership says that they should be doing. whereas in the private sector you've got direct accountability. people don't have the incentive. in fact, there's a huge disincentive to not follow what it is leadership has said is policy in the firm, if you want
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to stay there. so that's sort of the difference. what would i advise my colleagues and partners about the experience i had in washington? you know i could go upper right edge of the ways with the answer of this. one of the things that i think it is really i care so much in terms of our clients and others with disbelief about the lack of functionality in washington. it's almost as if i want to say look, let me try and explain it to you. they are not all dysfunctional. there's just so much of their you know, a complexity that has gained so much ground and we've got to be patient, don't give up. don't give up on the system. because, again having traveled a bit, i don't see any better.
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there's so much good about this country, don't give up. i think that is the advice i would give on the side to my new partners. and for my former colleagues i would say listen before you talk. [laughter] because what i've seen is and listen, i was there for 14 years and i've now been out in this new position since september but i can tell you i had the rhetoric down pretty good and again i was not to be, a businessman and understood what it meant to go in really literally be the entrepreneur inside the note that the bank and have to make the repayment. and make payroll and pay taxes and pay benefits. so i get that. but it is easy for the rhetoric to fall off your tank in theory versus what really happens to make things work in practice.
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and i probably knew this event but not as good as i know now. listen before you talk because you can learn something. >> i have a question. >> hello? my name is ray fong and i'm a harvard graduate. we have virtue and express your distaste for president obama doing this for but however you been a congressman since 2001. so my question to you is is there anything that either the bush administration or the republican party in general could of concern from 2001 that they could've won election to the state and, therefore, barack obama would never have become president in the first place? >> you know, i think i alluded to this before. i think the biggest challenge for the republican party is to be one of inclusion, not exclusion. and to welcome a diversity of demographic into our fold. and that means we've got to
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stress policies to speak to a broad swath of the public. that means we have to be sensitive to those who may not feel that they are necessarily welcomed into the mainstream of this country. and i think that that's probably what we could've done early on. it still remains is more important today. >> well, i would like to thank congressman cantor for joining us in the forum tonight. >> thank you. >> thank you. [applause] >> [inaudible conversations]
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>> c-span2 providing live coverage of the u.s. senate floor proceedings and key public policy event. and every weekend booktv now for 15 years the only television network devoted to nonfiction books and authors. c-span to greed by the cable tv industry and brought to you as a public service by her local cable or satellite provider. watch us in hd lycos and facebook and follow us on twitter. >> we are live this morning from 10th street in washington, d.c. at ford's theater and the peterson house which is across the street where president abraham lincoln was taken after being shot by john wilkes booth on the night of april 14, 1855, 150 years ago. president lincoln died the next morning in a back bedroom of peterson house at 7:22 a.m. eastern. this morning which won the memorial with the music and a wreath laying ceremony on the peterson house steps to mark abraham lincoln's passing 50 federal city brass band as you
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see here will play taps at the exact moment the president died. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ [background sounds]
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♪ >> ladies and gentlemen, our president has breathed his last and his spirit fled to god. at this time my knowledge of physiology, topology and psychology told me the president was totally blind from the pressure of the blood on his brain. as indicated by his paralysis his dilated eyes and their bloodshot and bulging, but i
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persist in the belief that he retained his ability to hear and to feel and so in that belief i think he heard me when i sent for his son. he heard his wife's voice as she spoke to him. the knowledge that frequently in the moments before departure recognition and recent return to someone who's been unconscious i persisted in this belief and i held his right hand for several hours, and that it signed the emancipation proclamation freeing 4 million slaves firmly within my grasp so that in his blindness he might know that he was so connected to
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humanity and that he had a friend. [taps]
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[background sounds] before he was assassinated president abraham lincoln gave his second inaugural address just a few blocks from here. in it he made public his private meditations on the terrible destruction and suffering of the civil war. a conflict in which more than 620,000 men from the north and south have died on the battlefields. one of every 10 men of military age. he pleaded with his countrymen to leave the hatred and violence of war behind, and move forward to a just and lasting peace.
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with malice toward none and charity for all. it was not to be. lincoln himself, arguably became the last casualty of the civil war, struck down by the bullet of a southern sympathizer hoping to rally the south to renew the struggle. with his death the hope for forgiveness and reconciliation for the south died too. descending into the chaos and bitterness of reconstruction. our national park service tells the story of america, at more than 400 sites across the country. some are breathtakingly beautiful places others are places of heroism and still others are places of tragedy and sadness.
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here at ford's theatre national historic site the national park service and ford's theatre society have made it possible to relive that tragic night 150 years ago. in our minds we hear the echo of the gunshot that killed him. we feel the panic as people rushed to the presidential box to assist the stricken president. we hear the words of edwin stanton, standing at his bedside as he died, now he belongs to the ages. and we reflect on lincoln himself who was born in a log cabin in kentucky and rose not only to become president but even more to become the symbol of america at its best courageous compassionate, humble and. his assassination was one of the tragic and pivotal events in american history.
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we can only speculate what might have happened had he lived. yet lincoln does live to this day. he lives in what he would call "the better angels of our nature." the man who liberated 4 million enslaved people lives on in every sacrifice, women and men of courage make for freedom and justice. the president who steadfastly lead our nation through its greatest crisis lives on in our journey to perfect our nation, a nation of the people, by the people and for the people. abraham lincoln belongs not only, not on belongs to the ages, he belongs to us. thank you. [applause]
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>> 150 years ago last night abraham lincoln went to the theater. that they become as one of the happiest of his life. confederate general robert e. lee surrendered on april 9 and get the lady didn't. and even more buoyant than any time during his presidency. three quarters of a million men had fallen, and he presided over that. and the conflict that almost consumed him. this work is eating my life out, he once said to element abolitionist congressman owen lovejoy. i have a strong impression that i shall not live to see the end. we know what happened next. lincoln's triumphant arrival at ford's theater. at the screen moment of victory the audience went wild and cheered their father abraham,
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the man who after a shaky start in office learned how to command armies, groove in vision and eloquence, brought down slavery and who just six weeks ago have given the most graceful inaugural address in the history of the presidency. and as he promised he would, he saved the union. lincoln stood in the box and bowed to the audience. the band played "hail to the chief," then the sound of a single gunshot, the gleaming knife, the leap to the stage the cry of sic semper tyrannis, his escape into the wings, a galloping horse and the president of the united states on the floor of a theater gone mad. and then here to the peterson house where began the long death vigil for midnight to dawn, to transcend him from mortal man to america's secular saint. here was the final event in this house.
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doctor abbott recorded minutes he kept throughout the night. 5:50 a.m. respiration 28 and regular, sleeping. 6 a.m. pulse failing respiration 28. 6:30 a.m. still failing labor breathing. 7 a.m. symptoms of immediate dissolution. lincoln had begun a death struggle, the end was coming fast. at 7:21 a.m. death was imminent. at 721 and 55 seconds abraham lincoln drew his last breath. at 722 and 10 seconds his heart stopped beating. it was over. he's gone, he's dead, one of the doctors said. the lincoln family minister seemed four or five minutes passed before the slightest sound. and secdef secretary for stanton broke the silence but he spoke, i will
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speak to god, the minister said. let us pray. 1 million americans viewed his corpse when it was placed on public view in the 12 great cities of the north including new york, philadelphia and chicago. more than 7 million watched his funeral train passed by as a child from washington westwood home to illinois. when lilacs last in the dooryard bloom, here are the coffin slowly passes i give you my spread of lilac. clanging bells fragrant flowers, these were the sounds ominous symbols and since of the spring of 1865. it's altogether fitting that ford's theatre should commemorate the 150 anniversary of the death of abraham lincoln. it was here on 10th street the nation's capital, the great
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tragic unfold at fort -- ford's theatre and the peterson house but it was this tragedy that has since formed abraham lincoln into a secular saint. we hope that this day that brings us back in time 150 years of the death of one man caused the nation to weep reminds us of the greatness of abraham lincoln. on the 150th anniversary of his passing we present this remembrance as our token, our sprig of lilac that we offer in memory of father abraham our greatest president and one of the greatest americans who ever lived. [applause]
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♪ ♪ ♪ [applause] >> oh, captain my captain by walt whitman. oh, captain i captain our
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fearful trip is done. the ship has weathered of iraq, the price we sought is won. the port is near. the bells i hear, the people all exalting while follow eyes the steady keel the vessel grim and daring. but o heart heart part. the bleeding drops of red where on the deck my captain lies fallen, cold and dead. o captain my captain rise up and hear the bells. rise up for you the flag is long, for you the bugle drills.
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for you bouquets and ribbon reef for you the shores are crowding. for you they call the swaying mass they are eager faces turning. here captain, dear father. this arm beneath your head. it is some dream that on the deck you fallen cold and dead. my captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still, my father does not feel my arm. he has no polls nor will, the ship is anchored safe and sound
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its voyage closed and done from fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won. exult o shores, and wring o bells but i with mournful tread, walked the deck my captain lies fallen cold and dead. thank you all for attending the ceremony of the leading of the reef, and for participating in this very special commemoration of resident lincoln. -- president lincoln. [applause]
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