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tv   Book TV  CSPAN  May 18, 2015 1:51am-2:01am EDT

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or more on c-span2 and watch any broadcast programs online at booktv.org. and here's a look at books are being published this week. ashlee vance profiles elon musk. the cohost of npr's morning edition recounts the removal of native americans from the southeast in jackson land. also being released is the foreign affairs columnist for time magazine looking at the role that america plays overseas in superpower. and the jefferson rule this historian examines different ways that readers have used america's founding others to promote contemporary policies. and looking at american inventors and capitalist spin who built that. look for these titles and more this coming week and watch for the authors in the near future on booktv.
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>> we talked to bill crawford as we outlined the development of the inner coastal waterway. >> it was built for anybody and anyone. a lot of sailors, a lot of sailboats barges. steamers. there were four principal investors in the waterway and they were all key businessmen. they included this doctor doctor john glasscock, who was a medical doctor a surveyor. he was everything. and in 1855 he will survey the
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whole state of florida. so when it came to picking out where the best parcels of land would be in florida, he would know. they need about $100,000 in capital and the doctor put in $49,000 which in 1881 was a huge sum of money, and the other three put in the balance of $51,000. and back then in order to get a corporation or to get permission to do something or almost anything you had to get a charter from the state legislature. and in 1881 the doctor was well
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known and it had always been his dream especially after having been surveyor general to have an inland waterway that was to stretch the length of florida. so they went to the legislature. the deal was for every mile of waterway drudged for an august team to miami they would get 3840 acres of public land along the east coast and the atlantic coast of florida which was by no means bad land or swampland,
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it was prime real estate. and so by 1912 this company had earned over at 1 million acres of land. [inaudible] and they did an actual survey in 1889. and it was bland and 85% was water. and the problem was except for the st. johns river going east along the coast most of the
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waterway was not navigable and in other words you could not take a steamship or anything like it down the coast of florida without it being dredged to some extent. and so the deal was that they had to dredge a continuous waterway 5 feet deep and 50 feet wide. and one of the things that they had to do and it became a big part of that contention with the legislature was it was supposed to maintain the waterway. and so constantly the legislature actually went to
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court in 1917 to force the company to clean up its act. and they were going to take it away from you and they were supposed to maintain us. and remember that this was a privately owned waterway and they collected as much as $50,000 per year. the problem was no matter what the total was they were not going to maintain the canal and there's no question about that. they finally said, the army corps of engineers that they
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were hired to do the florida turnover the waterway to the federal government free of charge. and florida was the only state on the atlantic coast that was required to turn over the waterway free of charge because they found out from world war i that they could not nationalize privately owned canalis. they could nationalize the state owned canalis but not privately owned canalis. and so every time a war would come about, congress would start to think that this would be good for the country in many different ways. for the country to take over this privately owned tollway and to make it a federal
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intercoastal waterway originally conceived from maine to key west. and so we had to create an entity, a local sponsor a special taxing district that would tax the 11 counties along the atlantic coast from duval county all the way down to dade county which is now miami-dade county. as well as nassau county at the very top in the last couple of years it has joined the district because they would like to have some of the benefits in terms of the dredging. the cocoa was very interesting.
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