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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  August 11, 2015 6:00am-8:01am EDT

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he is about to sign that person's papers. mr. wells: are you using codewords? mr. harper: every piece of legislation, the ndp has opposed. what we have done in the latest legislation are things like of alan security organizations to share information on terrorist threats. thingting the kind of that happened in october. i believe it is important we call the international jihadist threat what it is. anybody that thinks that is labeling islam's, muslims are of thisrity of victims movement.
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muslim minorities are a particular focus of our international efforts to make sure we protect people. not just in this country but around the world. if you are not willing to call the threat by the name it is, we are not willing to confront it and we need to confront it. ms. may: c 51 does not do what the prime minister said. it fails to bring any efforts to confront the risk of radicalization. can abort terrorist plots without c 51. toronto,e 18 in arrested young people about to leave montreal. that was before c 51 was passed. 61 creates a secret police. espionage groups, not knowing what the other is doing. the legislation must be repealed . look at the recommendations to anyone here. i hope to play a key role in
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parliament. we must look into the recommendations from the air india inquiry. use those recommendations as the basis for drawing up legislation that could work. this is a disaster. esther wells: are you surprised by the result -- mr. wells: are you surprised at the reaction to liberal members? trudeau: there is a lot of fear and division going on within politics these days. one of the things the liberal party has focused on is taking responsible positions. that means there will be people disagreeing on the left and right. have the rightwe position. we need to talk more about addressing radicalization, working with various communities to make sure we are engaging in the kind of counter radicalization that other
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countries have done. canada, soike strong, not in spite of our differences but because of them, we need to reduce the kind of politics of fear and division and work together to make sure we are keeping canadians safe. mr. harper: the fact the matter is, the reason we have had such success breaking up plots, and we know what some of those are, is because law enforcement and security agencies are working more closely with communities will double than anywhere in the world. they get great support. that is because we have strong policies that promote multicultural and cultural integration. that is why we do not have the kind of problems in britain and elsewhere. exactly the kind of policies the
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government of canada is doing today. his approach has left us weaker and less respected. for the first time since the u.n. was created, canada missed its turn on the security council. we were not thrown out by dictatorships that by longtime allies like to go in germany who did not recognize the kendo you are projecting onto the world stage. we can get act to a canada respected on international aid and development. we will put back the international aid budgets mr. harper has cut. we will promote canadian values on the international stage and respect international obligations. stop working against the world. work for the planet. love nothing more than as prime minister december to go to the international conference on climate change in paris and
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do just that. thes on track to deal with real issue of climate change. mr. wells: weaker and less respected on the world stage? mr. harper: according to a recently published study, canada is the most admired country in the world. we take strong stands, we do what we believe is right. let's talk about the security council in the u.n. there is a movement to isolate the state of israel. this government has taken a clear position. we will not support that. this is the only country in the world whose existence is under threat. it is a friend and ally, the best we have. we will not go along with that position. mr. mulcair: i will take no lessons defending israel, but we take a balanced approach. a safe state for
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palestinians and israelis. that is a balanced approach. the kind canada has always taken on the world stage. mr. harper: we have the worst relationship with the u.s. and a long time. that is what we need to fix. mr. wells: we have covered so much ground. it is time to wrap things up with closing remarks paris to each leader will have two minutes. the election is about who has the proven experience to keep canada safe and our economy strong. beyond our shores, the global economy remains in a state of turmoil. we have falling oil prices, turmoil in china. through it all, since the end of the global financial crisis, we have the best economic growth and job creation and growth in middle-class incomes
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among advanced developed nations. while other countries are descending into spirals of debt and deficit, in this country we have a balanced budget with lower taxes, increased money for the things that matter, health care, education, infrastructure. benefits for families like yours. the other parties want a different course. they would replace a low tax balanced budget plan. they want to spend tens of billions additional dollars in permanent spending financed by high taxes, permanently higher taxes and permanent deficits. they would take away in whole or part universal health care and if it, income spending, and tax-free savings. taxes ond hike workers. tax increases to employment insurance. a carbon tax.
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countries that have gone down the road of higher taxes and permanent deficits are failing around the world. there is not today better place and better prospects for your family then this country, canada. on october 19, i ask for your support so we can continue to build the best country in the world. stephens: thank you, harper. mr. mulcair: would like to thank maclean's and rogers for the debate. and all of you at home for joining us in the middle of the summer. in this election, there is a clear choice. four more years of stephen harper's conservatives or my plan for positive change. under mr. harper's plan, incomes are's degnan -- are stagnant.
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mr. harper has the worst job record since the second world war. he has run up eight deficits in a row and added $150 billion to canada's debt. harper's planmr. is not working. jail.ave incentives to the biggest risk is four more years of mr. harper's government. it is time for change, change built on hard work, accountability. my 35 years ofed public service and the values that will continue to guide me. my number one priority is kickstart the economy and get canadians working. we will invest in local infrastructure and help small businesses to create jobs.
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we understand good jobs and a clean environment go hand-in-hand. i have fought for canada my whole life. is the greatest country the world. but a lot has been lost under the conservatives. i have the experience to replace mr. harper any plan to repair the damage he has done. canadians are ready for change. we are ready, too. i invite you to join us. thank you. round of: the next closing remarks goes to elizabeth may. ms. may: i want to thank the claims and rogers -- maclean's and rogers. maybe we will not get a french language debate. appreciate the opportunity to speak directly to canadians. it will be a shame if we don't
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have more. we have not discussed social policy, how we respond to the truth and reconciliation commission. expand our medicaid system. what we do for young people with crushing levels of student debts. have a lot of issues to discuss. everyone is talking about the middle class. the 86 wealthiest families have the same wealth as 11.4 million canadians at the bottom, one third. we have to address this. i ask you consider the green party. i ask you to get to know us. we are not what you think. we are not a one issue party and certainly not a one person party. joinedeased to be by other candidates from coast
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to coast. claire in north vancouver. a former environment commissioner for ontario. we are running strong candidates to be strong mps because we want to work for you. we want to work for you in a more collaborative parliament, one with greater respect. toking across party lines deliver what canadians won. we believe in a canada that works together for all. help us now. this is the election where we will get our country back. wells: justin trudeau, you get the last word. mr. trudeau: mr. harper has spent millions of dollars convincing you i am not ready for this job. are, they pose an important question. how can you decide whether someone is ready to be your prime minister?
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here's what i think. in order to know somebody is ready for the job, ask them what they want to do with the job. why they want it in the first place. i'm a 43-year-old father of three kids and i love them deeply. i want them to grow up in the best country in the world. one weekend all be proud of -- one we can all be proud of. i learned from my father, to lead this country, you have to love this country. more than you crave power. it needs to run through your veins. to feel it in your bones. mr. harper and i part ways on many issues, but our differences go deeper than just policy. is dead wrong about one thing. he wants you to believe better just isn't possible.
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i think that is wrong. we are who we are. candidate is what it is -- it is because we know better is always possible. an economy that works for the middle-class means a country that works for everyone. not in spite of our differences but because of them. more of both of those things. after 10 years of mr. harper, so do we. i am in this and i want to be your prime minister. mr. wells: thank you, mr. trudeau. this concludes the first debate of the campaign. the whole experiment was a bit of a new experience for everyone concerned and i want to thank the leaders for the faith when participate. good luck on the campaign trail.
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on behalf of maclean's, i want to thank the viewers for tuning in tonight. be sure to visit the ma maclean's website. stay tuned. i am paul wells. good n
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is there a metric where is there a metric where you get it immediately that this is another category and others who surge that's north that would not be required in lesser disasters? >> in response to the gao question, one of the things we did post disaster, we do an after action report and we have shared that. esparza we've done and what
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worked, what didn't work, from a next step perspective. in regards to how we staff up, we had 800 people on the rolls. we went up like two, 300 people as result of the louisiana hurricane that predated sandy. we ended up about 2500 employees. staff was at the issue. we didn't put them on board fast enough. at katrina we didn't have a staffing strategy. we had 800, we hiked 6000 boys and six-month. katrina we now have core search and search plus. we have to, 3000 reservists on call available. the timing of how quickly we on board the staff that was really the issue. internally we are prepared on board much quicker. the difference between the trunk alone application come in sooner versus the traditional paper into kirk. we have addressed that. we provided the input to gao.
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we have changed and updated our disaster preparedness plans internally. that shouldn't be an issue. if we have any type of disaster activity. the staff is available. we can take another step romantic contract in place that will supplement if we go beyond 30,000 level where we can have them contract that, it's more expensive but we can have them fill any gaps may have across the disaster program. >> okay. go ahead. >> it was, sandy was obviously the biggest disaster since katrina, much bigger task. and james said that it wasn't a matter of having a plan in place to take into account electronic
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applications and the speed of them coming in. so that was part of it, in part of the delays. where we are at now is that there have been changes to what is called at sba the playbook which is, like three major elements of the disaster recovery plan, the forecasting models. and so we are at the stage now where we have seen a change to the playbook. james and i've talked about this. we need a little bit more assurance from them, and it may just be talked through the steps as far as how do these different pieces fit together to make sure that if there was another major disaster like sandy, or of that magnitude, that the process would work out differently and that sba would be more ready to
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respond. >> okay. let me move to a slightly different topic, which was a huge frustration of mine after katrina and continues to be in general, which was that i saw in sony cases federal response -- so many cases, focus on national mega firms and local small businesses were virtually completely locked up to get it any participation it was literally five subcontracting layers down getting pennies on the dollar. as all of you acknowledged in various ways in your comments, big part of recovery is local small business recovery, right? here's a huge opportunity to drive that through this work, debris removal, tree roots,
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whatever. i saw so many cases after katrina where the locals, again they that were forgotten or work five subcontracting layers debt. but also by the way result in a lot of cases, in my opinion, and greatly increased costs. i did a study after katrina comparing those mega contracts after the fact to local government that had stand by, previously negotiated contracts for debris removal, for instance. is not a question of if, it's a question of when. they have standard on-call contracts and the price difference was astronomical. what are you doing differently since katrina to involve far
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more local small business? i guess that his primary fema but certainly involve others as well. jerry lee, do you want to start? >> i can get actually with specific statistics but i can describe to you the approach changes what are taking. in order to be able to get in fast and provide that search we still rely on standby contracts and on interagency agreements that we actually called mission assignment after disaster we provide funding to the army corps of engineers or other departments and agencies to going to provide the oversight of contract work. i think we were doing differently in the approach is we have those and we don't provide the full scope for the full scope of the disaster up front. we ask that they get him into early work and then transition to local business contract as soon as possible. so we can did you more details about how that works and
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statistics afterwards. >> okay. anybody else? >> so post-katrina we saw that as a challenge. we understood and we met interagency, and we as a procurement goal. we have the small business procurement goal so we met with fema and other federal agencies and said we need a focused in. sg really explained the first step is taken in but we make sure there's a focus, small business contacts us a government contracting office we can make the refer directly to the organization that has the assignment on how to get to work. that did exist pre-katrina but that is something we develop for all disastrous since. >> to me this is a problem outside of disasters. to me there's been a trend for federal government agencies to deal more and more with mega contracts or bundling contracts,
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have either side has to go to mega entities. i think it's mostly because it's easier on the bureaucrats, right? if you have one mega- contractor dealing with nurses 100, it's a lot easier within the government bureaucracy. i think that's a very worrisome trend. it is completely cutting a small business. small businesses either can't participate, or if they do, like i say, they are layers down in terms of subcontracting getting pennies on the dollar. i certainly think a lot of post-disaster contracts and work is a particularly worrisome example of that but i think it's a bigotry and. that's just my 2 cents. i'd love for you all, particularly fema nsba, to look at the road that provisions regarding this in my bill, s.
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1470. we require agencies use local subcontractors for debris removal or demolition. we provide incentives to federal agencies to work with local contractors. i'd love to very specific feedback on those provisions. and i'm guessing most of those provisions really could be completed in some form or fashion by you if you want to do that. so i would love your feedback on that. any other comments on fat come in that general area? okay. -- comments on that, in that general area? let me ask the ig. based on your audits and investigations of sba's disaster recovery programs, what are the outstanding biggest concerns that you have, and what areas
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have the disaster loan programs been vulnerable to fraud or waste or abuse, and what are some of your topline recommendations? [inaudible] >> i'm sorry. [inaudible] >> and i think our investigators, they get referrals from many different sources, and they diligently look into any allegations of fraud. a participant on task force with regard especially the big disasters. there was a multilayered question. >> so as we speak what would be the topline recommendations in that whole category? >> topline recommendation, well, one of the big things we talked about, and it's been talked about with regards to gao as well, if that's figuring out in
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emergency. as james mentioned that implement a lot of different approaches in order to make sure they are prepared for future disasters when it comes to receiving those electronic applications. i think in sandy they just started electronic application and they got so many, more than against the anticipated initially. so it took a while to address that backlog but i think with the implementation of the rapid, to expedite process, i think they should be, and with a new plan to ramp up more quickly, i would like to think that would be able to address those issues. we just have to wait and see. james mentioned that every disaster is different and the approach is different. i think we just have to wait and see. >> let me highlight another concern, and it's probably outside india yells specific
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focus because it's about the flood insurance program, it's not direct disaster response. one big issue we have seen a focus on in the flood insurance program is participation rate. there's been very low participation rate. but obviously is a major problem, an issue in terms of solvency of the program and affordability of the program. by some estimates like a rand study in 2006, only 40% of homes any special hazard area had flood insurance. half of the participation rate we should. i think this is a continuing problem. we talked about it in committee, and the banking committee with administrator fugate, but i've not seen those rates. i have not seen those rates rise
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dramatically. i haven't seen studies that document that. ms. bennett, do you have any observations on that? or maybe fema can follow up and gives a status in that area. >> i'll just answer, fema has taken the concerns of the flood insurance issues post sandy very seriously and we have established a task force that is focusing on revamping the way the program is operated in making sure its customer focused and customer friendly. we have an ombudsman function now to help people to better understand how their participation, how they can participate in the program and make sure they have a place to provide feedback about the program. as to the specific efforts to address suspicion rates, we will get back to you on that.
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>> okay. let me start wrapping up. thank you all again for your participation, for her ongoing work for this discussion. i want to highlight some imaging in my opening comments, which is some recent legislation we have developed and worked on in this committee. i just missed you and you mentioned s. 1470. i would love for you to continue to look at those provisions and respond and react in pro, con, anything in between, suggestions. it's introduced, still moving to through process. also the national disaster relief disaster tax act. we introduced that on a bipartisan basis. please take a look at that and please offer any reaction or suggestions you might have. this is obviously ongoing work for all of us and in ongoing discussions on sure we'll have
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plenty of follow-up, including the specific things i mentioned that i would love this follow-up for the record. with that we will be future. thank you very much. -- we will be adjourned. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations]
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>> the u.s. house of representatives and the u.s. senate are currently out of session for the summer district work period. members return on september 8. is to return to work on judicial nominations and both chambers contained debate during the 60 day iran nuclear agreement review period. live coverage of the u.s. house on c-span, and the u.s. senate on c-span2. >> booktv in primetime continues tonight with the books on immigration.
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>> this sunday night on q&a, institute for policy studies to an antiwar activist phyllis bennis on u.s. foreign policy since 9/11, the recent negotiations with iran and the war on terrorism. >> who is eyes? what do they believe? why i get so violent? all those questions are important and address them. what's more important because it something we can do about is what is the u.s. policy regarding isis ?-que?-que x why isn't it working? can we go to war against terrorism? are we doing it wrong or is it wrong to say there should be a war against terrorism at all? those are the questions that in some which are the most important and will be the most useful. >> sunday night at eight eastern and pacific on c-span's q&a. >> u.s. coast guard commandant
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admiral paul zukunft discusses challenges facing the service including cybersecurity and expansion of the panama canal. no, national press club, this is one hour. [inaudible conversations] >> welcome to the national press club. my name is jeff ballou, news editor for al-jazeera meeting network and i'm vice chair of the national press club board of governors national press club board of governors. i guess today's u.s. coast guard admiral and commandant paul zukunft. first i like to introduce our head table. i ask each of you to stand briefly as your name is announced. from the audience is right
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natalies de blasio, a member of the national press club speakers committee, max lederer, stars & stripes. lieutenant commander natalya best. jen judson. master chief petty officer against its coast guard. skipping over our speaker right here. kevin wensing. skipping over speaker, information systems technician second class transit. john donnelly, senior defense writer, "congressional quarterly" and culture of the national press club press freedom committee.
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will watson, american legion post and john gallagher, senior america's reporter, trade fair play magazine. [applause] i also want to welcome our c-span and public radio and online audiences on i want to remind you you too can follow the action on twitter using the hashtag npclunch. as 25th commandant of the united states coast guard, admiral paul zukunft leads the largest component of the department of homeland security. the non-retired coast guard those some 80,000 personnel including active duty reserve civilian volunteers with a budget of about $8.1 billion,
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down a bit from last year. members operate icebreakers in the arctic ocean and help medicaid recent events like the migrant crisis coming over, the greenpeace blockade protests against the royal dutch shell, execute counter drug operations in the caribbean and provide security in the u.s. and in some places as far a way as the south china sea. they respond to natural disasters such as hurricane katrina, and human caused disasters such as the deeper rise in oil spill in the gulf of mexico. the coast guard rescues more than 3000 people each year and searches for voters who go missing such as the two teenagers who disappeared off the coast of florida recently. as the smallest military force and the only one with law enforcement authority, the coast guard has had a role in the defense of the united states for 225 years. in fact, yesterday was the coast
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guard's birthday. today, admiral zukunft will discuss the challenges for the coast guard such as congressional budget struggles, a well debated cybersecurity plan, maintain a secret tolerance for such assault, and a fleet and i need of modernization and sheer numbers to tackle the next 225 years. please give a warm national press club welcome to the commandant of the united states coast guard, admiral paul zukunft. [applause] >> jeff, thank you for the flattering introduction. i had a chance to meet many of you before and i want to thank you. there's a lot of places you could be right now but i'm delighted you're here to learn a little bit more about what i would say the little engine that could, the united states coast guard whose roots trace back to
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august 4, 1790. i'll tell a little bit about history, talk about the present and future, and then we'll open it up to question and answer, just have a very spontaneous dialogue, recognizing everything we say this on the record. this is been a phenomenal week for the coast guard. i just returned from grand haven michigan. it's called coast guardsman the u.s.a. it's a city of about 10,000 but this weekend was a city of 200,000 to celebrate the coast guard. every coast guard man and woman walking the streets, young teenagers, not giving us lack that sang we love the coast guard. you cannot come back to washington, d.c. with a better feeling than after spending time in coast guard city u.s.a. yesterday we unveiled the forever stamp in commemoration of the coast guard. 15 million stamps printed, because many times most folks don't realize what the coast guard does on a day-to-day
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basis. i'm honored to be here with you today. tomorrow i'll be on the pitching mound at national stadium to throw the opening pitch. more importantly on saturday i'll be in boston, massachusetts, as we commission our fifth national security cutter which is paying huge dividends. i'll tell about one of those national security cutter's a little bit later on in my remarks. on monday i will be in san diego for the ship it's going to turn, and altered the story later. this is going to be a big media event, a very big show if you will. on thursday i'll be at havana, cuba. we will be opening the embassy the following day i'll be involved with bilateral discussions with the government of cuba, with our u.s. interest section and then secretary kerry as you may know we'll be there on the 14th of to open up the embassy in cuba. a little bit different than the coast guard that alexander hamilton envisioned 225 years
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ago, as i rattled off what some a schedule for just the next two weeks. the good thing is this is a slow two-week period. it picks up after that. it's going to cover the asia-pacific region, the arctic. so got a lot going on over there as well. the coast guard, many times with our results on all seven continents across the globe, including antarctica. today we've got to special people who are with us here today. right now we are only on five of the seven but we'll get back to all seven of those. join as first of august lieutenant commander natalie best, commanding officer a of a patrol boat serving for center command in the straits between iran and bahrain. she was the commanding officer of the cutter and i want to make a point that since 1978 every military occupational specialty in the coast guard has been open to women.
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literally hit the ball out of the park the very best young child at home, it is great to have you back. we brought her back to washington, d.c. [applause] and you also heard introduced as petty officer riota jenai. he's an information specialist. he works at an area where we can say a lot about what they do behind locked doors but is also a linguist and you should on the coast guard cutter mellon, whatever hamilton class cutters that was involved in a multilateral operation, not an exercise, working with china, japan, india, osha, canada and the u.s., but will u.s.-led. he was our japanese linguist because it's hard to do combined operations if you can't speak a universal language. we've been operating in this domain now for a number of years under the auspices of what we
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call the north pacific coast guard forum. it really is a model of collaboration and unity of effort with similar key asia-pacific partners. and so thank you for your work over there. [applause] so imagine if you will, it's august 4, 1790. the continental navy was disbanded. the last ship was auctioned off in 1785. while we emerged as victors from the revolutionary war, we were very much a bankrupt nation. our first secretary of treasury alexander hamilton probably a champion of the understatements said, if we had 10 sentinels posted at our ports, might do some good for the prosperity of our nation? a tariff act was passed before the budget pirates, people bypassing our tariff laws. quite honestly we were a
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maritime nation without any maritime governance whatsoever. alexander hamilton had this vision in that we were chartered 10 revenue cutters, and then he wrote a letter to each one of those commanding officers. he was a bit on the specifications of those tensions. he said somewhere between 36-40 feet. by the way teach want to cost $1000 for peace. he said these commanding officers out to build and. the first one came in at $2500, two and half times its initial acquisition cost. today our acquisition program, our total acquisition portfolio, our growth is less than 2%. so we won four of eight of the federal acquisition awards last year. we've come some way since 1790 but the most important piece that alexander hamilton charged those commanding officers is to be mindful that we are a country of 3 million.
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we are impatient of those who don't have a temperate attitude and abuse the rights of our citizens of the united states. it was that letter to those commanding officers that really lives within the beginning of the coast guard today, and it's reflected in our core values, honor, respect and devotion to duty. last year we used aviation use of force will be used sniper rounds to disable outboard engines. we did that nearly once each week last year. there wasn't one person injured during those interactions. yesterday there was a boater in seattle shooting weapons at police officers. coast guard cayman. we surrounded him and we use the most powerful instrument, the strongest muscle i in the body which has the least restraint, our tongue. we were able to talk of person to have had a point in time, if you go back to alexander hamilton's charge, be mindful that we are a country of three
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men, i'm very mindful of the fact how heavy-handed law-enforcement tactics play out on cnn. so you do not see the coast guard of yesterday or today involving any of these heavy-hanheavy-han ded law-enforcement tactics. it's not me but it gets back to the beginning of for people serving on the front lines of our coast guard today. i could not be more proud of what they do. fast-forward to present day, and to talk about one of our national scaredy cat here's. we have been in the national intelligence community for some time -- national security cutters. we are also in the national intelligence community. when i'm in san diego this fund our meet the coast guard cutter stratton. it's the third or national security cutters and they're coming off a four and half months to put. right now their load line is below water because of the 32
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plus metric tons of cocaine that they have energy could on one patrol. not one bust. these are multiple interdictions over it for and half month do you do. this driven by intelligence. last year when i came into this job we had awareness of a 90% of the drug flow ultimate destined to the united states. gaza, directly, comes to the countries of central america, like honduras, el salvador and guatemala. coincidently those are the same countries of origin were unaccompanied minors were getting the united states. violent crime, drug trafficking activity on all of it targeted toward the demand in the united states. there's a clear nexus between regional stability and drug trafficking but we have awareness of 90% of the flow. before come into this job were able to target about 10%, about 10%. some of this intelligence comes from confidential informants. they are not paid a lot of
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money. it could be a fishman and he might be paid $300 to provide as very actionable information. if he is found that is going to be assassinated. not only would he be assassinated, his family will be assassinated. when we get the information i just don't have enough chips, enough assets to act upon that information. we've closed that gap by nearly 35% in the last year which means we're not doing something else somewhere else, and i can tell you what that is, but we have doubled up on the transit zone and it's making a huge difference. we are up in the arctic. i don't think alexander hamilton envisioned the arctic. last week with protesters in portland, oregon, as one of shells ships was departing. we had retailers jump off a bridge and we held the ship of to strike a balance of you really can't be protesting here. but eventually that ship is making its way up to the arctic.
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shell is going as expected they not information, but five years ago today i was down in the gulf of mexico where i spent seven months which were like dog months as the federal coordinator of the deepwater horizon oil spill. a major oil spill in the arctic you can measure in gallons, not in barrels. we need to be very mindful that shell is responsible and caring at its responsibilities of an arctic. we will have five ships and we already have several helicopters operating company arctic. this last winter we saw the record low sea ice extent up in the arctic region. we may see a record retreatment of sea ice as well. 2012 with a record year. 14 of the 15 warmest years in the arctic have all happened in the last 15 years. what i do know is that there's a lot more water than whether used to be ice.
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not only that but about 5% of this region, 5% is charted to what i would say modern-day standards. i was in iceland a month and a half ago. i was on the icelandic coast guard vessel for. what a great name that is, for. -- thor. [laughter] i look at the charts. into datum is from 1915. wind transport is operating after, their boat is open for them so besides than -- side scan sonar so they don't stumble upon anything. many of these cruise ships go flying by at 25 knots this is a moderate that thor there used to operating in this area, when i met the captain i said how many years of cdd have? 58. more than magellan.
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[laughter] he is uncertain about what's up there. but what happens if one of those cruise ships were defined at pinnacle in 39-degree water temperature? we knew what happened with titanic 103 years ago. we know because we are still flying the international ice patrol 103 years later to warn mariners of an iceberg that drift into the shipping lanes. if you have a mass loss of life company arctic, the coast guard will be pressed into service. we are in a very active campaign. i am doing my term as, that as with every capitalizing the coast guard. when you look at an icebreaker, it's a national asset. it serves multiple stakeholders interests, not just coast guard, national science foundation, arctic research council, department of defense an integer. the list goes on and on. it's not like passing the plate the church is everyone donate.
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will give offerings that have an icebreaker. there's violate the agreement this is a nation requirement. we just need to come up with a way of how do we funded this in the next big acquisition for the coast guard is going to be offshore patrol. i took a ranking member from sitting down to visit one of our ships. we went on their, 210-foot cutter, 50 years old. we are now on the nearly fourth generation of coasties data stored on the very same ship it it doesn't have dedicated balance which means as it burns fuel it rocks around a little bit. we're having lunch and as this member said, it's probably a good time to go and look at the horizon. we are only on the ship 490 minutes and he's already comfortable. -- uncomfortable. i said let me show you the engine room with quick. we go down and look at the tuning diesel engines that were dropped in there back in 1964.
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engineer of the watch says, senator, welcome to the one platform in our inventory in the united states that is impregnable against cyber attack, because there is not one digital system on this ship. [laughter] so yes, we do need to recapitalize these assets. that's why the offshore patrol cutter is our number one priority going forward. but when you look at cyber, i was over where riota jenai with an osha's over there yesterday. in one of those vaults, there was a very aggressive sponsor cyber attack that took place. it was a spear phishing attack. i can save a lot more about that but in a significant impact on a federal agency in u.s. government. i'm not talking about the opm act. this is highly classified. it was our cyber watch standards that were able to kill that
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spear phishing attempt before it even reached our recipients. had those recipients opened it we would have had to take them off the net. it's no coincidence many of the targeted recipients were very senior officers in the coast guard. fortunately, they can't spell zukunft. we are very active in the cyber domain as well. i released a cyber strategy to push that out last fall. industry is coming to us. we regulate the industry. post-9/11 one of the most sweeping piece of legislation was at the maritime transportation security act of 2002. it required vessels and our maritime facilities recognize that 90% of our global trade moves by sea, that they need to implement safeguards, physical security at their facilities.
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so done a great job of that. i happened to be down at a facility that still being built out in louisiana. i won't get made because it would be an insider trade secret but this fo facility when it is fully up and running will move more to provide natural gas and our testers in the world to move the product right now. what a great time for them to do this, at a point where the united states sits on the largest reserves of l&g as well and the panama canal expansion project winners in their last november by all indications will open up public on or about the first of april 2016. 180 feet wide but takes ships up to 160 feet wide. l&g carries a from the united states can now supply the asia-pacific market with l&g and do so in a timely fashion, which is good. so i talked to the facility operator and you know you're in
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southern louisiana when the roadkill schist alligators -- [laughter] they have defenses, cameras, physical security. i said what i doing about zeros and ones? i'm not following you. i said what are you doing about the invisible attack works he says, who would want to attack us? i said you're supplying the asia-pacific market. there's another consider called russia. if you think, you, you think, you know, the ground rules haven't changed when it comes to cyber these days, might someone like a national targeted attempt try to shut you down so you don't take their market share away? >> what's the coast guard standards for cyber? we don't have those. industry is incentivized undoubtedly get smart on cyber? we need to be up to leveraged cyber as well. for weeks ago we had six drug
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interdiction spirit over an area from canada, united states, mexico, central america, six both overt and expansive that large in the open ocean. we got all six of them. would not have gotten any of those if we're not able to leverage the cyber domain and vector our ships to what we knew these threats were operating. many of you set up for in the intelligence community probably configure how we do that but if someone compromises our ability to cyber, and we're not able to do that. when you look at search and rescue but i wish those two teenagers had an emergency distress beacon. we would've found that any matter of minutes. not even an hour. that's difficult to settle it and comes down your real-time and were ready to launch within 30 minutes and we would've been on scene within 30 minutes of that e-perb been activated.
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nothing is hard for me as a commandant when it does, never have one of ours has died in the line of duty. but all of our sector commander's make those notifications to first 15. we make those notifications is as though we lost a member off our family as well. we do in this. s. alexander hamilton reminded us, that we're a country of three men. we did our best effort. -- three men. we didn't find his team voice which always take personally but cyber is a big enabler and are building to do that. all of it about the past and the present and hundred excited about the future of the coast guard. the future of the coast guard is really represented by to the people sitting at the head table. this is the best educated coast guard i've seen in my come if you count my academy just 42 years i've been around the coast guard. i click no, get into the coast
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guard academy today. the new leader of the coming out of the coast guard are why far superior than what i stood, and if you look in the coast guard. you're going to have many more capable future leaders of our service. not only that t they are fully empowered. i talked to bm2 russo on the coast guard cutter stratton yesterday. is a pursuit talk slang and he chased down a ponca because the helicopter can fly but the. he shouldered and is able to interdict a ton of cocaine. his voice is something like this, apple, i'd watch, i went out and stop the bull. there's more to the story. come on. highlights. tell me more about the stratton. in his voice picks up. he goes, these are the best people i've ever served with. i'm honored to be on this she. this is the best ship in moscow. i asked him what he going to do next year? my tour is a.
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is going to be serving on the stratton and they are deployed for 230 days ou out of you. he goes, i'm going to ask my detailed if i can get a one year extension. i'm going to be a qualified underway 9/11 s&p five boatswain made in the coast guard. up to 80,000 bm2 russo's, so that when people talk about budget i said that bedrock strength of this, our backbone as was going back to 1790 is our people. we just got more complex missions that's than we did in 1790. alexander hamilton's vision is alive and well because his letter to those commanders residents with each and every person in the coast guard. i'li will now read my notes. no, actually i'm done with that. [laughter] would have liked to do is open it up to question and answer. [applause]
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>> now the fun part. some of the questions have been quite interesting. let's see. senate armed services committee members are concerned that russia has 40 arctic icebreaker ship's and america has one. is that going to change, and when? i know you addressed that a little bit earlier. >> as they stand before today i have one of my vice admiral's my vice admiral's it with a nation sturdy step up and arctic to see firsthand what some of the challenges are. when you're up in alaska you know seabirds being built, because he used to have a natural berm, a very if you will put all of ice. you see a lot of coastal erosion, nearly a threefold increase of human activity up there. you look at the inventory of the united states, and the united states has one heavy icebreaker.
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we have a median icebreaker and the coast guard cutter healy. they can break i spoke to eight feet thick. but the polar star, our only heavy icebreaker is nearly 40 years old. this past winter when the polar star was coming back from antarctica to the deep freeze, the polar star is the most powerful nonnuclear powered icebreaker in the world. it is an awesome ship but it is 40 years old. so on the way back to his in new zealand trawler that was stuck in iceland and 50 miles into an ice field. some of that ice in excess of 15 feet thick. the only ship anywhere in the chemistry that could rescue them was the polar star. entity. they did a great job. when they get one or 50 miles in, and i'm thinking this is a 40 year old ship, god forbid to have a casually. who's going to come to their rescue? we do not have a u.s. risky work for the rescued, if you will.
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we really do need to build out our capacity in the arctic. this is drawn a lot of attention. i've been working close with the national security staff with both house and senate. as i said how do you fund it? that's the billion dollar question right now. this is really generating a lot of interest. i'm optimistic that on my watch we will see, no fooling, forward progress as a look at building a national fleet of icebreaker. we had seven when i came into the coast guard. were down to two right now so we've moved in the wrong direction over the last nearly 40 years. >> admiral, you talked about the phishing attack. when was it? did it just target the coast guard? can you say anything else? >> this happened in the third week in july. were not directly targeted at the coast guard is on the dot
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mil domain as are all the armed services. the coast guard hide behind digital the lead curtain for all of dod when it comes to information protection. there were a number of higher level officials than pashtun well, i wasn't on the list but you can imagine there were some pretty high targets on the. some of those attacks were successful, which means those individuals, their files had to be taken completely. it takes a while to build those back up. it does cost of direction. produces we were not disrupted but we are not the primary target. >> continuing along on the cyber questions, some critics are saying that the coast guard cybersecurity strategy lacks potency, personnel, cyber hygiene, originality and funding. [laughter] >> was that a question or a statement of? [laughter] >> do you agree or disagree? >> actually i disagree.
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we have a company if you of 70 cyber expert. i call the experts and the don't call them warriors because their first job is to defend our cyber domain. just if we did with the spear phishing attack, and we've seen a number of others. the our attempts to infiltrate our data system on a daily basis. at the same time to the ones that keep an eye out. i mean near real-time if someone says i need to charge my iphone, i'm going to plug into the domain, alarms go off and when it comes to cyber hygiene the next up is accountability i have to be careful how worked up because it's considered undue command influence. we need to look at accountability standards if we have training and the like when it comes to not blocking unauthorized devices into networks but it still happens. right now the biggest threat is in, is cyber hygiene. it's not just us. there was a mobile offshore
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drilling unit that drove off the site it was going on because the control systems that operates on a transit network, somebody had put any device that had malware. now all of a sudden the t. gps signal couldn't communicate with the thrusters another mobile offshore drilling unit drove off the site before joint blowout preventer taken counted and have a stupid this all off the coast of nigeria but cost that drilling company millions of dollars to get back on the site and then reestablish a. cyber hygiene is a big piece. we are part of used cyber command we have a coast guard flag officer in there. is really where the coast guard belongs because we operate in the dot mil, the dot gov and back to me. we are unique instantly comes to cybersecurity. there's an opinion but let me just count it, point/counterpoint, but that's
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my retort to that particular question. >> given veto threats over the homeland security, what figure, dollar figure, give if, indeed,a threat only to muncie city budget does the coast guard actually need to tackle its mission going forward, and why? >> our total budget is actually about $10 million. last year for the second consecutive year, the coast guard had a clean financial audit opinion. i've talked about our acquisition program. less than 2% growth across our entire acquisition portfolio. and then when we buy stuff, we keep it. we maintain it very well. the fact that ships with years old. i was on one this weekend that's over 85 years old still doing coast guard business. someone, we might her checkbook. we buy it and take very good care of it. but we haven't had over the last
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several years is a reliable and repeatable acquisition budget. we have seen swings as wide as nearly 40%. went unchallenged that a program of record is not affordable, it's like saying your mortgage is not affordable be doing so just took 50% of your disposable income away from you. you are going to have to foreclose, but if you didn't cut 40% this is a very sustainable program of record. as we've seen wide swings, and right now we're seeing a shift in direction. where the value proposition of the coast guard, some examples i gave you when i talked earlier is fully appreciated. a number of members, both sides of the aisle, both chambers are saying we need to invest in the coast guard. on that note people aside, under optimistic with the markups we've seen. i can't show this with you but it may very well bring the largest acquisition budget to the coast guard in coast guard history.
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i'm pretty excited about that. >> one follow-up to the. in fact, one of your recent hearings, some members criticized the coast guard for a lack of timely delivery of your capitalization plan. how would you respond to that? >> there's a two-part historic event. one is a five year plan and the other's a 20 year plan. it's difficult to chart out to 20 years. if that is going to be a bold statement that you going to 20 years from now, we know that 15 years ago we didn't predict nine 9/11. when they qdr was released a year and a half ago we did not predict the rise of isil, ukraine, ebola. let's face it, we live in a very dynamic world today where if you walk away across from east to west and around the world, i challenge you to find a region of tranquility, if you will. so it's a very complex operating
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a private. it's a difficult to predict out 20 years what the world is going to look like 20 years from now. if you look at assistance we have acquired, when you look at the hamilton class cutters that were brought online in the mid '60s, we modernize those as we went along. you make sure whatever you by has space, weight, and power of inability to accommodate new systems for new threats that are somewhere over the horizon. when you look at the national security cutters that is optimal because do work in what is it probably opec world if you start to look 10, 15 years. but those ships a good operating well after across the board. i think we've made smart decisions of what we've acquired within a program of record, recognizing they will be around 20 years from now as well. >> facebook is building drones that are man free and solar powered. they can fly for three months consecutively.
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could that help the coast guard in a future with the constant coverage? i'm going to add one thing to that question. whinger engaged in going technology there's always the debate between civil liberties and action deployment and personal enforced use. how would you deal with the technology of lengthy usage of drones? and the ongoing debate over usage of drones in terms of civil liberties? >> well fortunately, out on the high seas it gets pretty lonely out there. one, it gets alone and that we are the only entity that is with a unique compendium of authorities outside of 12 miles of u.s. waters, which is the high seas. we have over 60 bilateral agreement that they would counter drug, proliferation security, fishery regulation. but as a stand before you today we are using drone technology on the coast guard cutter he leapt. find, look with athletes in the
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eyes. it is thermal imaging. love to see whether there might the mammal activity so we don't the disturbing. it's much easier to use, technology and sometimes marginal weather that you would otherwise put human beings at risk, that can do the exact same thing and persistently. so drone technology, we've only seen, no pun intended, by the tip of the iceberg. we just encountered operations as well. we used it in one intervention where normally the ship comes charging over the horizon, blue lights screaming. this case one of our national security counters launched ago and realized it was a refusing -- refueling vessel. so instead of charging over the horizon for the next 36 hours, it'snot like sitting in a deer blind and you put assault lick down there as well. so they stalked this thing for 36 hours to acid as that go fast
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showed up they bring the drawback and then launched the armed helicopter we can throw tons of cocaine out of the vessel. more importantly we get the bad guys and they are not in a safe house providing us very valuable information to none of that would've been possible without drone technology. are we going to own the upper edge technology was? probably not. commercial off the shelf our adversaries, organized crime is a $750 billion industry. i'm going after that with a $10 billion budget. their biggest challenge is how do you longer $750 billion? is the budget control act, no sequestration. there's a bit of a mismatch as attractive match technology against our adversaries. when you look at drone technology i see that as a challenge as the look 20 years out, and probably less than that. probably in the next five years. >> you mentioned your
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coordinating role in the deepwater horizon spill. there have been a few spills in the news lately. but given your experience as the onset coordinator, what are the lessons learned from deepwater horizon permits are now opening up, and more drilling is opening up 10 years later at the coast guard can apply? >> tip o'neill probably said it would use it as in politics all things are local. it's no different with oil spill. if you're not engaged first and foremost at the local level, so what we realized early on during deepwater horizon has impacted the gulf states, very hurricane prone part of our country, that is accustomed pashtun accustomed to operate under the stafford act, he declared a national emergency. then under the stafford act the government reigns supreme. under the clean water act and with an oil spill the federal government reigns supreme.
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has impacted five states. not only did, in fact, five states, impacted five republican states leading up to midterm election. if you're looking at an oil spill you need to look at it like a rubik's cube look at every angle. one, it's a huge media event. it was my job to get out of the national press, at least get on the back fold of the "washington post." so how do you work with immediate to tell your story? i was never going to win today over a horrible on the beach. but what i could when the day when you look at the daily leash rate of all the offshore release drilling, ma just off shore alone was probably inevitable $50 million that they being expended by bp as we wrote out, here's the incident action plan and what you need. you have 47 has responded, bigger than active duty coast guard responding as well but getting to meet up with heavy artillery was trying to get at the source of this world and
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where were most effective was offshore. and then getting all of that out into social media. we worked with noaa hungry this application called erma, environmental response management application. we pushed it out onto the web once we got the foot of the -- it went viral after that. rather than people waiting for the news cycle, they could go to this near real-time, look at jpeg encrypted photos, but was happy with response. they could draw the conclusion. the final piece was but 70 coast guard officers detailed to every coastal mayor, parish president, every governor. if they didn't like their way through county, parish or stay within allocate resources, you go to the coast guard person first. you don't go to cnn and try to steer the ship to national med media. but let's work together and build unity of effort.
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if you don't unity of effort this will become immediately sent. at the end of the day the environment is going to suffer as a result. a lot of good lessons learned from approved the probably one of the most complex responses the coast guard has had to deal with. >> a freedom of information act lawsuit was recently filed to require that shall make public details of a state of their arctic drilling equipment. do you agree to should be made public, given the coast guard's mission to make the coast guard safe? ..


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