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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  September 7, 2015 8:02pm-8:31pm EDT

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because that is what matters the most if you were a republican primary voters so i'm looking for the scenes, what divides the republican party right now? i now? i vespa moped would you enforce the drug was the united states and colorado and washington state and some say yes and some say no. i've asked the mall would break the rules of united states senate filibuster in order to repeal obamacare and some say yes and some say no. there are issues that divide but in the final analysis the question i want to ask and i have to figure out how to frame it is why are you the one who can beat the queen? all the other stuff is secondary
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if you don't win. thank you so much for coming out tonight. go and buy the book. [applause] >> this ear "the communicators" visited several technology fears to see what researchers announce winners are doing. first off the visit to microsoft in washington d.c. offices to learn about technology and agriculture as well as research
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to develop intelligent fabrics. >> i'm a scientist doing microsoft research and my background is environmental scientist, analytics and modeling of environmental system so we can efficiently understand how to manage and monitor and manage environmental access in the united states. >> how long have you been working on the project? >> the project we are demonstrating here is about a year into fruition. it started, well it started around president obama's initiative. a call within the united states department of agriculture to promote data that the government has two deal with food security in the food system in the united states. what we are building is what we call at the moment the farm to
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table dashboard. we want to create this one-stop shop is important portal for important data sources about agriculture and production in the united states. in a desperate world in the on line -- or we want to bring that together and make it easy for anyone from the interested public two is a busy small farmer all the way to engineers and professional developers to access the data and start using them in ways that would be powerful for them. but we have done is we have wrought more usda's more datasets together and we have done this on microsoft's cloud computing platform called asher and you have the services available within that as well. where allowing broad data downloads. you can see the, you can go and
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simply download the raw data bring it on to your personal computing platform and do whatever you want in open data.gov fashion. however we understand a lot of people might not want to have to deal with the intricacies to bring the data down trying to understand them and deal with them and do what they want so we have provided a nice user interface as well several new dynamics. sorting for instance so here i'm saying i want to get the area of corn in the united states and i'm going to ask it to do that in the state of alabama when it comes back as a service. >> you can figure out how many acres of corn were planted in alabama? >> yes, exactly. one of the things the service will allow you to do is to be able to pull those data down and
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look at trendlines overtime for incense and plot out how things have been looking and acres harvested, planted and yield the first crops particularly around the commodity crops are in the united states i can show you hear one of the things that you could do is simply get data here and we would display a table. let's see if that actually works. one of the things i want to highlight here is one of the big difficulties in dealing with a lot of these older data initiatives is these data are from multiple different services and the way you can access them is widely differing across different agencies. will want to do here is to allow people how to figure out how to access the data programs every time i'm click -- clicking on one of these links you can see you can change it and that means
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i can simply copy and paste this link here and bring down data in the same manner as what i done through clicking on the user interface. once i've done that i can go off-line for incense and i can view various data science programs like deleting language data and i can do things like build predictive models. in this instance i'm pulling down all the information on the usda from the web site for the past 100 years in production. in one line i'm going to implement something called the progression model where i will predict how much corn is going to be planted next year based solely on the cotton and rice sorghum soil and weeds that was harvested this year. so we can look at the production
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practices that we know happened this year and allow that to show what might happen nationally next year. you can see that in his rough visualization that i have felt fear right plotting out the trend in the area for each of the six main crops that were harvested in each given year and here on the black line you can see i'm plotting out how much corn was planted each year and this red line is the result of my prediction. it's the result and you can see particularly a lot of the data jumps giving you general insight into what might happen next year. the more data that we pull into the service the better these models will be able to become so as we grow this dashboard i think the capability on what people will be able to produce
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by accessing it is only going to increase. >> what's the benefit of microsoft? >> i'm a researcher and i'm interested in understanding how we can make our products better for large consumers and the interesting thing about dealing with the department of agriculture is the sum of their data -- there had a rodgerton is. there's a lot of writing the kind of data so you have to think really hard and creatively about how would you build that one-stop solution for people to be able to access and analyze a very large disparate set of data across the united states, that's really interesting but solving those problems that's what's going to help microsoft products get better. i'm just happy to be able to work on a product that solves a
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few challenges for microsoft but also united states. >> do you have an agricultural background as well? >> guest: i don't have an agricultural background although i did graduate. a very keen interest as somebody with a background in environmental science, it's impossible to ignore the agricultural -- was for joining us is -- of microsoft. what is your job? >> guest: i met design researcher. i work in microsoft research and we work in areas of affective computing. we are able to detect emotion from your physiological sensor and able to display that emotion through the things that you wear or we can notify you of things going on on your body.
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>> host: how long has this technology been in development? >> i would say for the past three years. lucas. >> host: i'm wearing this. are these things pretty primitive as compared to shine a scarf over your? >> guest: it's still fairly early but as you can see paul and i have been able to couple are banned so i know when he is stressed and i know when he is stressed. we can actually be notified if our spouse or our parent or child is in an unusual state so as you can see i can see the heart rate. >> host: this is your husband? >> guest: this is my colleague but these are the notifications. so this is the next level of awareness. besides calorie tracking we can also start to monitor those we love. or care about.
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because this is being fed through bluetooth and a cloud i can be across the country and he can be on the other side. i might have an ailing parent on the east coast. i live on the west coast. if something is going on with her i will know. >> host: asta roseway you have some objects here. what are these? >> guest: when i am notified it goes up but in the future we can provide that awareness on your body on fabrics so i just got buzzed but this enables us to get buzzed remotely as well, so for instance i may just turn the son. this is our ui. basically i'm going to power it on and hopefully the battery hasn't died. in the future fabrics will be intelligent enough to receive the dadar -- the data we send itself i'm stressed out my fabric and soothe me with heat or vibration and other things that i wanted to do.
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so i'm going to turn it on and hopefully it will turn on the air. each one of these is the module also provides vibration or heat. >> host: what are we looking at here when we see these little modules? what is contained in them? >> guest: these are microprocessors that actually tell these actuators to buy. and there's a master brain behind it. it sends signals and turns them on so i will see if i can get it to -- because it's been on for a few hours as soon as you guys show up at always dies. the idea is that we designed this so that people can basically customize what they need in cases of stress. do they want to be heated up, do they want to vibration and? this is specifically designed for people with accessibility issues so visual impairment
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audio impairment where they use the extra layer of notification to let them know that things are going on around them. >> host: what about heartbeat and some of the other monitors? >> guest: this is more outputs. when you are talking about inputs you can send it to that scarf so of your heart rate goes up your scarf can turn on and call me down with heat or vibration. this is an output for all the things you are wearing. that's kind of the idea. in the north we live in climates like seattle. relax certain sunlight so seasonal affective disorder or something is pretty prevalent especially in the northern climate and associated with moodiness, sleeplessness and oppression. the therapy -- the blue light
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therapy is there for use with a lightbox. he gets zapped with blue lights indicates your brain thinking it's actually more daylight than it is. we been able to take the same blue light spectrum integrated into the fabric at a lower intensity so it's a wearable and portable. instead of being stuck kind of box and looking like a you can be fashionable. it would raise the people wearing it more often because you are not stuck behind a box. you can see it for yourself. we are just using fiber optics. you can wrap yourself in light. you feel better, you look better it is how to take asic technology in scenarios like
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this and alleviate a pretty serious problem. >> host: asta roseway how far away it are these from being produced? >> guest: there are variety of reasons primarily power. we know the the batteries were out so there will be an issue of batteries but also wearability and durability. this is not something that you can throw in the wash. and also if you feel that it's doable course so people are sensitive and they want things that are soft. it will take a few more years to get it integrated into soft fiber so it feels natural and comfortable and by then the power sources might come from other places like solar. >> host: where did the idea come from? >> guest: i have seasonal affective disorder. i have been behind those light boxes and i hated. i can't go anywhere, i can't move and i'm need the light rocks and i'm like why am i stuck kind of box when i can put
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it in the fabric? it was a personal thing for me. i would love to wear this and not a tethered to a box so why not? so was personal so that's where that came from. earlier this year "the communicators" visited cbs international in las vegas and learned about technological developments worldwide as well as robots. >> host: one of the exhibitors at cbs international las vegas is ali baba.com. what do you do at ali baba? >> i do the marketing for u.s. ali baba.com. >> host: what it's all about the? >> guest: ali baba is a leading global platform. we help connect manufacturer suppliers and distributors all over the world. >> host: has it been described
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as the google of china? is that a fair description? >> guest: i would say google is one of the search engines when it becomes business-to-business -- business to business. you type in what you were looking for the search field and most likely will find someone they could make it. >> host: originally an idea and the u.s.. so it's a public company now. do you manufacture anything? >> guest: we are simply an on line platform that helps buyers and suppliers to think about it almost as a b-to-b search engine whether you are an entrepreneur small business or large business you can find manufactures and distributors all of the world. >> host: give us an example of who would usurp or product. >> guest: we are at cbs and we get folks here at taste of who we are and what we do and the type of suppliers that use our platform.
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you can come to our platform find manufactures and get creative and eventually become a supplier on the platform and sell your platform back to others. >> host: how many years has ali baba been in existence? >> guest: ali baba has been around since 1999. the u.s. is the biggest market. the company started in china founded by -- and the u.s. has been the biggest since then. >> host: you do have some products such as life smart. >> guest: live smart is one of our suppliers on ali baba. cbs is a great platform because come -- people come here to look at the latest products that are big and consumer electronics.
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ali baba doesn't sell and think that we wanted to bring some of our suppliers here to give attendees and businesses a taste of the type of products they can find on ali baba and put a face to the supplier they can find. these are folks from all over the world selling products and that's what we want to give them in large part as a great example. they have great technology especially the smartphone without wires. >> host: life smart is it client of ali baba. >> guest: --. >> host: where did mr. mott come up with this idea? >> guest: he came to the u.s. in the mid-90s and at the time there wasn't anyone on line in china. he had an idea that we need to get suppliers from china who are producing on line. wouldn't it be great if we could put suppliers on line so anyone in the world could find them
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instead of making calls. essentially that was our statement back then making it easier for businesses anywhere in the world. that is what we have been focused on since day one. >> host: it seems that this year there is a lot more chinese companies overall exhibiting. have you noticed that as well? >> guest: when it comes to china and asia a lot of the components are being made in asia but we like to look at it in a different way. working with somebody in china let's say las vegas it's now easier than it ever was get in touch with somebody from across the world start doing business with them and have your product be delivered within a matter of weeks were something like that used to be a daunting task. companies like ali baba we like to think we are making that part of the resourcing aspect a little bit easier and that's what we hope to continue to do.
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>> host: and you are headquartered in the u.s. in the silicon valley area. >> guest: our headquarters are in honda china. >> host: sonny chhabra thanks for your time. >> guest: thank you. appreciate it. >> host: what is i robot? >> guest: i robot build practical robots. we focus on robots for the home. we focus on robots for defense and recently robots for collaboration. >> host: why would somebody need a robot? the classical way of answering that question is a refer to dangerous tasks. things as humans we don't wa to do because it's tedious and boring. we'd rather spend our time doing more adjusting things so one of
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the areas well-known is her womb who wants to push a broom around? i would rather spend my time with my family and kids rather than cleaning the floors. >> host: everybody has seen the video of the cat riding around on the rumba but from a consumer point of view is that the only consumer product that you make and you do more business-to-business? >> guest: we do a number of different floor cleaners. we do gutter cleaners. essentially every area in the home where we think we can take the test for people done in djou djou -- enjoy doing and we will develop the technology and the solution to deliver on that promise. >> host: so when it comes to defense what kind of robot are you working with the pentagon? >> guest: we work with dod and
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other government agencies. what we deliver is keeping soldiers out of harm's way so as you witnessed during the iraq war there were a lot of bombs left on the roadside and so on and you had to send people there , very scary job to go and investigate the package and in those scenarios you are putting people in harm's way. we are delivering robots that can remotely control approaching the packages investigating them and if necessary detonate them and worse comes to worse to have a robot that explodes but is a delight. >> host: the scientist recently seven or booktv channel their robots today are much like cockroaches come his phrase when it comes to the intelligence factor. do you agree with that? >> guest: i'd believe that there is a long way to go and robots taking over the world and
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becoming more intelligent than humans and so on. from a science perspective i would say that's an opportunistic perspective. we are far away from that but we are making a lot of headway. in the recent years there has been a confluence of technology with robots that are smarter far away from this march of human beings was smart enough to perform tests on their own. >> host: five or 10 years from now will we be buying robots likely by local products today? >> guest: i believe so and i believe robotics will be embedded in our daily lives not necessarily in the way it's portrayed on science fiction movies in hollywood. you are not going to have a c-3po and r2-d2 but you have robotics enabling tasks in your daily life. one of the areas we know that is happening is building safer cars
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and cars that can drive autonomously which has a massive impact. you can have one car for the whole family taking you back and forth to work in dropping the kids at school and coming back and parking itself. that will repopulate the freeways. we don't need as many cars on the streets so that's one example of how robotics world impact their lives in the coming decades. >> host: is that one of the areas dr. paulo pirjanian that you are working on? are you working with the automotive industry? >> guest: we are not that a lot of the robots we are doing for instance for the defense and security business are using technologies that are similar so we have robots that can autonomously go to a desired location and come back. in our telepresence robots that we have deployed in hospitals to allow neurologist to remotely interact with patients that come
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in with a stroke, the rope will drive to the patient on its own so that doctor is not wasting its time going through the hallways and so on and so the robot will go to the patient and then call back to the doctor to get on task and "star trek" in a patient. >> host: that's one area of health care you are working. where else in health care? >> guest: that is exclusively the area we are working on a health care right now in the same technology we use that allows doctors to be anywhere they want anytime they want. we also use remote collaboration for fortune 500 businesses that have multiple sites across the nation are globally that allows you to have interaction with your factory in china to the production line or my office in pasadena and our headquarters is in boston. i spend a lot of my time interacting from boston and
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giving presentations and having meetings. all set up higher telepresence robots. >> host: why is the company headquartered in new bedford massachusetts? >> guest: our founder and is co-founder are all from m.i.t.. they shared a common vision which was robotics and in venture capital services it was way too early 25 years ago to even dream of putting a robot in every home. >> host: in those 25 years of what has been the advanced months that you have seen? >> guest: i think 25 years ago it was a dream to think of practical robotics, robots that provide enough value for the price you have to pay for it.

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