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tv   U.S. Senate  CSPAN  October 2, 2015 12:00pm-2:01pm EDT

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in north carolina. the employer which is a major national train was paying this person effectively $1.69 an hour because they were providing $5.66 hourly tipped credit. and another meal that was thrown in. $1.69 an hour. they claim to satisfy the federal minimum wage of $7.25 when you add the two together. in reality, she absolutely was not making $5.66 an hour. -employer had the nerve to work 20% of her time on bond tip work back in the kitchen. $1.69 an hour in america in 2015. this is an honest person working hard to make ends meet. i don't care who you are, there's something fundamentally wrong with that. we have a system that would take
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it vantage of someone like her following the rules, working hard only to have the bottom line of the ceo and make that person more wealthy and story after story after story of that happening in our country. all of this may seem bleak but i can say there is hope and it starts here. we are in a unique historic moment in the progressive movement. for the first time the donor class, major national institutions, the media and as we saw in the past few days the white house is aligned in understanding and commitment supporting progressive state infrastructure building. in particular the state innovation exchange meaning all of you. and the new information and tools connected to each other and resources a lot can be done. we issued a report this year that highlighted progressive
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victories around the country. you can get that report on line at www. what we found in that report is it was clear from all we saw that in the red states progressive ideas and values can break through. in my home state of nebraska they dominated the death penalty and by ballot initiative passed a minimum wage increase. [applause] in north dakota they enacted pregnancy accommodation. in oklahoma as a enacted and online voter registration bill and these are just a few examples of progressives in red states and no other state proved what is possible in advancing a progressive agenda than oregon. this year they passed a series of reforms to improve workplace standards by requiring sick leave and prohibiting employer retaliation against workers for discussing wages.
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they address the leasing concerns by banning profiling and instituting body cameras, past public safety measures that further background checks on gun purchases and made major changes to their education and voting system. you can find all of this in our report. in addition, working with all of you, killed bad bills in states related to pre-emption of local laws and attacks on the clean power plant. do you remember that indiana religious refusal bills that passed in march of this year? which basically gave legal right to discriminate for businesses and others to discriminate against the lgbt community? you haven't heard about this because we have been working with groups in many states to kill a lot of those bills. this year we are looking to scale up all of this as well as
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go on offense on advancing family economic issues, criminal justice reforms and voter modernization. a big part of this conference and the work in the months ahead will be among other things to help legislators prepare and provide the tools, political and other support you need to move bills this next legislative session to protect workers, and hence workplace benefits, and hence pay equity between men and women and modernize our antiquated voting system. there are a number of other tools and resources we will bring to bear to support all of your work in coming year and in the years to come which will begin we hope to level playing field across the country and start working on behalf of working and middle-class families. we have a long way to go. but i am confident working with all of use the we are going to see this important moment and begin turning the tide on where we have been and get america working again on behalf of
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working and middle-class families. thank you. [applause] >> we are going to turn it over not to the oregon delegation, i would like members from the oregon delegation to please come up here. >> good morning, everyone. i am diane rosenbaum and with maria three of my colleagues from oregon. and as everyone knows, our hearts were broken yesterday
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when we are arrived at the conference and started hearing the news about the shooting and i thought i would just say something about the town of roseburg because we don't know much about who the people are who were the victims, but roseburg is a beautiful will town just barely 20,000 people in oregon. it used to be a timber town and that largely dried up and so the students who died yesterday i generally older, in their mid 20s, learning to the nearests or welders, often being retrained for other occupations. it has a river that runs through it, a beautiful town physically, great place for fly fishing, that is the place that it is. and yesterday it became our
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every town usa, ten students and one teacher who died yesterday morning, starting their day like any day, along with too many names we all know like columbine now there's roseburg. we don't know why this happened, we really don't know why this happened. the community is in shock and grief and we standing here are too, but also while you hold this in your hearts and we hold those families and teachers and students and that community in our hearts, we also want to remember what president obama said yesterday, that our thoughts and prayers are not
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enough's on a day aft on a day like this. oregon has done regular things like closing the final loophole in our background check law but the fact that this could happen, then these mass shootings keep happening in this country and really only the fear means there is more work to do and i want to commit with all of my heart and energy today together with you, maybe we can't say not one more because we know there always will be, but this has to end. we have to end this. [applause] so thank you for standing with us, for supporting us and letting us commit to do that
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work beginning now and everyday suppose that there will not be another roseburg, ore. thank you all. [applause] >> thank you, diane. i didn't get much sleep last night. i have found myself in various roles covering shootings at schools and other places, i was a reporter for many years, director of public information, and end ed up helping the tiger team to deal with things like this. i wrote a lot last night but i end ed up just sort of publishing one paragraph and i am going to read that. to the next person who offers condolences and prayers about
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the suffering of the families and community in roseburg and beyond, are you now ready to limit the number of guns sold? and bullets sold? or do you just want to see another incident in a week or two somewhere else and simply feed the fear, stay trapped in some mythical realm where we are not part of a real solution? condolences only goes so far. the president said this, a number of people have said this. enough! we have to take action and we have to take really clear action. i have been to too many vigils, to talk to too many folks about this issue and i think we all have. it is time for us to decide the we have too many guns in our
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country and start finding some way to bring those numbers down as take the opportunity of these kinds of incidents from taking place. i want to thank all of you folks, we have been talking about this, but it is really time to follow what the president said yesterday. he enough. it is time to take action, time to talk about how we have allowed the gun lobby and the gun industry to control the safety of our children and ourselves. thank you. >> back live to the state innovation exchange, a group of several hundred progressive state legislators from all 50 states meeting in washington d.c. to talk about issues like earned sick leave, equal pay, criminal justice reform and voting rights.
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next we expect the group will be hearing from people involved in the black lives matter movement. on the panel, dorian warren and representatives from the group's, era of change, the million hoodies movement, and center for popular democracy. earlier today they talked about the recent success in the movement and how to move forward in state legislator. you can find that on and also an overview of the national political lens the. you can find that on c-span's video library as well. while we wait for the black lives matter panel to begin we will look at our conversation about american household finances from earlier today on washington journal. >> the washington journal by the numbers segment is where we look at the statistics that are involved in forming our nation and today we are going to look at the u.s. census bureau's new
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report out on income, poverty and health insurance. this is one of the largest reports of the year. joining us, jennifer day of the u.s. census bureau and jim takerslie who covers economic policy for the newspaper. one of the things i want to start with is the uninsured rate of 2008 to 2014 of americans when it comes to health insurance, 14% to 10%. doesn't seem very significant. >> to the contrary that is hugely significant, that is a really big drop. the biggest drop we have better seen year over year of this type and probably a good reason why that is, the affordable care act. it looks like this is the first really large instance we are seeing a year over ear of the
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obamacare health care law getting coverage to people who didn't have it which was the design of the law and a lot of other things about the law are controversial but in this particular instance is it improving, expanding health coverage for americans who didn't have it? it appears that is what is going on and it is a cute development in the economy, lower and middle-income americans. >> host: is this one of the larger drops joaquin? >> it is. if you look at the slide in front of you, slide 6, you concede we have two measures of uninsured, the current population is of lower line and the longer running survey there is the american community survey. both show a sharp decline in the percentage of the uninsured from 2013-2014. after a fairly stable period since 2008 when we started measuring it in the american community service.
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>> host: that is when you started measuring it. >> we have also been collecting data in the current population survey but we have a questionnaire change in 2013 but even so in the longer term we have never seen such a change from year to year as we have here. >> host: has this number been pretty steady at 14, 15%? >> it has but between 2008, and 2013, it is very steady. >> host: prior to that was steady? >> we don't see you to years historical changes like this very small change, you see things trending up or down but you don't see a sharp change. health-insurance changes for one of three reasons, there is some economic shift or there is a demographic change or just momentum changing things through or you have a policy change. you see the demographic shift, you see people entering 65 and
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over and the baby boomers moving into that so you see the number of people receiving medicare going up, seeing that and continuing to see that but that doesn't happen in such a sharp change as you see here. >> host: median household income 1967-2014, these are in $2,014, 1967 median household income was $44,000. in 2014, median household income is $53,000. >> there are two big stories in these numbers and i write a lot about this and this is that very disturbing trend in the last several years and last 25. the shorter term trend is we have recession, people lost a lot of income which happens in recessions, its ended and what tends to happen is incomes go back up but that hasn't happened. we had economic growth, job
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growth, we are down almost 5% unemployment and even with all that median household income has not budged which means typical american household is turning the same thing adjusted for inflation as when the recession ended. alas than when the recession ended. that is an anomalous recovery. we are at 1989 levels, this is not the economy we thought we had. we have a lot of growth, close to 80% growth in the economy, real growth in that time and 25 years, no change in median household income. >> host: every blue line is recession or downturn in the economy. when you look at this figure,
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constant dollars but didn't $44,000 in 1967 by a lot more than $53,000 today? >> the way you should think about it is that is not actually $44,000 in 1967. that is $44,000 if today's prices had been around in 1967 so people have more buying power today than they had in 1967 and that is a very good thing. on a percentage basis that is really good but -- on the other hand over 50 years is not. look at the growth from 1967 until the end of the 1990s, you have a very big increase but the recession of 2000, a weak recovery followed by another recession have combined to wipe
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out all the gains of the clinton years and we are back to the start of the george h. w. bush years. >> host: we are talking about the census bureau's income, poverty and health insurers report for 2014 and we divided our lines by income level. if you make 50 and under 202-748 -- >> back at the state innovation exchange progressive state legislators meeting in washington d.c. today. this next panel on the black lives matter movement. >> facts, figures, but what i think is important, this came up in the last conversation, a theme running through the conference is we need to ground ourselves in people. this is what this panel is about, grounding ourselves in a movement, in people, in a conversation about racism and the decisions the leaders and
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others in this country have made that impact black communities. when you talk about black communities that talking all communities because all the facts and figures we hear about how bad a problem is those numbers are often amplified in black communities, unemployment, mass incarceration, health care, the equity, policeman conduct, so much more all affect black communities different these and other communities which had very serious brought life or death consequences and sadly this is not by coincidence. race is something we have yet as a country not only dealt with. is always something we need to talk about, always something we have to learn or have another conversation about. fortunately a new movement has emerged in america that is focusing on doing something to address black lives in this country and i think it is critically important that the country's elected officials spend time understanding the movement, how each of you can
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use your power and platform to uplift the movement and address the systemic issues facing black communities in your state and across the country. we have an incredible panel here to do is that. is my hope that this will be a moment where all of you are inspired to connect with movement leaders in your state to begin to forge a path forward and work with one another. i am committing whatever resources we can bring to bear to support the movement in the coming months and years and all of that starts right now. let me turn it over to dorian warrant for for the context of frame this conversation. he will then introduce each of our amazing panelists. you might recognize dorian from his show nerding out on nbc and his frequent contributions to the network. i think heading back tomorrow morning which is why we are grateful to have him here today. he is a professor, a noted
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author, and to articulate and trade issues of economics, race and politics into something simple and digestible and has been a great leader in bringing the issues around the movement for black live to the masses. i can't think of a better person to be moderating this panel and i am excited to have him here so give him a warm welcome. [applause] >> thank you and good afternoon, everyone. good afternoon, everyone! that is a little better. it has been a little over a year now since the death of michael brown in ferguson, missouri sparked nationwide protests and intensified tension between police and communities of color particularly black communities and michael brown's death came after the country was grappling with the death of a 17-year-old boy, an unarmed black teen who was shot and killed by a
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neighborhood watch in two years ago and i am talking about trayvon martin. mainstream media of which i am now a part of had just begun paying attention to the treatment of law enforcement toward black citizens, and thankfully movements like black lives matter or the movement for black lives has erupted and helped to bring about the stories of those who would otherwise have been without a voice. obviously this is aided by cameras on all of our phones the week can now use and in some ways these devices are democratizing the me and allowing us to bring greater attention to the lives and the take who lives of particularly black americans live you probably no earlier this year on march 4th the department of justice released two long awaited reports on what happened in ferguson, missouri.
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one of those reports, the ferguson police department found that officer darren wilson's actions were not unreasonable according to police protocol. however the other report revealed the ferguson police department longstanding institutional culture of racism and those of us the studies this and been active in police accountability and taking on racial disparity and bias in policeing none of this came as a surprise. indeed they sparked more action and you will hear about the activities of the several campaigns from organizations represented here in a few moments. nick asked me to provide a little historical context of how he got here and the one example i could think of to try to frame this discussion around black wives matter and policeing in black communities, the one image that came to mind is the image
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of emmett till from 1954 i believe, 1954-55. which in many ways is not as books have been written, it is one of the key sparks of the civil rights movement, one of the key sparks before montgomery that got especially young black people into the movement and i think the same can be said of way too many names whether it is trayvon martin or michael brown or eric garner of and we could go on and on. we will hear from our panel why they say black lives matter. i like to think of environmentalists who say we should save the rain forest, no one criticizes them for not talking about other forests. [applause]
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>> we will hear why black lives matter, what this movement is about, what are the policy demands and what will you can play in bringing about greater police accountability and racial justice for black americans and all americans because in many ways from the founding of this country black americans have been the canary of american democracy and if you want to test the nature of our democracy you can just look at the plight of black americans and by the way, sister, we were talking to earlier, also native americans. if you look at the flight of the most marginalized gives you a sense of the health of our democracy. we are going to hear first from
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dante berry in terms of the merging fantastic leaders doing amazing work for this country, the executive director of million hoodies movement for justice, national justice network of students, artists and young people organizing to end mask criminalization and gun violence in this country. previously dante led organizing programs at the center for media justice, the roosevelt institute, several other organizations. you might have seen him on the daily show on an snbc and cnn. he is a prolific writer, media pundits and organizer and also on the board of the andrew goodman foundation, please join me in welcoming dante barry.
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[applause] >> thank you all for having us here. i am grateful to be present. of my name is john j. berry, director of the million hoodies movement for justice, million hoodies as you assume emerged in response to the murder of trayvon martin. we emerge because of the media's failure to adequately address the events leading to his death and after his death. our work really looks at the core of what we see as a fundamental problem, mass criminalization. if we see from the 1980s the right wing movement has had this strong conversation about law-and-order. typically to keep black communities in their place. we have seen this in media, whether it is cops, law and order, the mainstream media
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narrative has always been a criminal black person and law-enforcement hero. that is what we see through our communities today. and so our work is two things. we build next-generation human rights leaders who are working to end mask criminalization and gun violence and transform the public narrative around anti-black this in the media. and looking at that hour is pervasive in all our communities and policies and cultures, how we we look at this world. and when we say black lives matter we mean all black lives matter call lives matter too. i want to make sure that is communicated. when we look at anti blackness that is the root of most of our issue is. i want to touch on a couple
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things. i work is answering this question, who has the right to steal and be safe in this country? we have gone through black communities, no longer a feel safe, black communities don't feel safe with police, black communities don't feel safe within their own communities and they don't feel safe when there's of white vigilante coming to church. black people don't feel safe. when we think about what safety looks like i want you for a second to close your eyes and think about what makes you feel safe. who are you with? where are you? what does it sound like? what does it feel like? more often than not the first thing in your mind is the home. you will feel really comfortable. needless to say, police presence and security cameras are not the first thing on your mind so society told as the presence and security cameras make us feel
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safe. we want to engage in a trance formative conversation what makes us feel safe in this country and who has the right to feel safe in this country. black communities feel safe when they are not trying to survive but trying to thrive. we have the ability not to feel politically isolated and marginalized in our own system. letters private prison divestment or resources, police in new york city, looking at how the budget in new york city was spent on $100,000 on cops in the city and how resources could be better spent in communities that are poor and marginalized, and how guns, the proliferation of
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guns is influencing how communities are being attacked and this conversation around reinvestment is not new. we have seen work that is happening in california, really thinking how we can figure the priorities around budgets, when budgets that are being spent on overpoliceing communities, but it's used impact gun violence, how are they in communiticommun marginalized, whatever is all the poverty question in a real wave they have the resources to our work is geared toward that and i want to close, black lives will matter when black communities thrive. [applause]
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>> thank you. next week will hear from marbury budgets, at the center for popular democracy, sees specializes in criminal justice and affordable housing and racial justice. marguerite joint popular democracy as a justice fellow in fall of 2013 and her justice work focuses on organizing with families affected by aggressive policeing and criminal justice policies in new york city and an attempt to develop meaningful bottom up policy reform. all our years are buzzing. she also works extensively on police and criminal justice reform with partners across the country. marbury before coming to the center for popular democracy received a law degree from newhaven, called yale, before that with bronx the vendors,
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equal justice initiative, she also worked in zimbabwe, along the way, master's, how old are you? how did you do all this and then was working in south africa teaching at nelson mandela's alma mater. marjorie will talk about her work at the center for popular democracy, the movement for black lives. [applause] >> it is a huge honored to be here. going to lean a little bit. thank you also much for having me here. it is a huge honor both because the panel is this team, so many folks i admired look up to but i do a lot of local work on city councils and organizations and we are constantly dream and scheming and it is -- we can't pass this. is fun to be in a roomful of folks at the state level, the
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obstacles that the local level can address the obstacles. it is the huge pleasure and honor to be here. i am going to start by talking about what we have been doing and what is the place of state legislators in enacting transformational change. most racial profiling, body camera, we have seen a lot of action at the state level but initiatives that i see in the state don't look like the gravity of the possibility of the moment that will end and don't respect the aspirations of freedom fighters or folks on the ground who are impacted by policies that limit education-and for state violence against them. is necessary at this moment to think about the entire system, not about tweaking the system but transforming it and so much of that has to happen and the
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state level. i hope this isn't amen audience but we can talk after words about this. the system we are inside of whether it is the criminal justice system or education system are not just in need of weeks but they are broken and they are broken because the roots are run. the criminal justice system cannot of slavery, is built on social control, not safety. dante spoke to this a bit. not just the practices that are broken, surely there are practices we need to fix that it is the purpose of policeing and criminal justice is fundamentally flawed. white supremacy is not just the birthplace of criminal justice, it continues to support and process white supremacy in basic ways. when we think about what has to happen in the next few years, the laws we make and reforms we make it is not just the we have to tweak these systems but we have to have an eye for visionary reform of the system and thinking what is the purpose
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of a criminal justice system, the purpose of a policeing system, in order to align state legislation, it requires boldness on your part, and on our part to push you into those places. it requires real vision about the world we want to live in so the challenge is the challenge of the movement and of you, to balance this visionary transformation which is thinking about a whole new system with a different practices with the need to enacted small reforms today and tomorrow. how do we toward those things? recognition we are in a broken system that is violent against our people and all people but also things we have to do in the next few years to get us to that place and so i think that requires a long-term vision. yesterday in new orleans i was with a group of activists
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thinking about city budgets and reinvestment and the city level. i talked about the freedom budget which is a budget we invest in, april randolph came up with the 1967, ten year plan to eradicate poverty in the united states. it is hilarious because the whole budget is the progressive agenda. full employment, living wage, access to housing, things that you hear presidential candidates say today and they said this in 67 which should make us sad that -- talking about this ten year plan, an amazing activists out of los angeles interrupted me and said we are doing this in l.a. and in the process of researching uncovered u.s. c's 100 year plan to remake the los angeles neighborhood. 100 year plan. this corporation had a 100 your plan to reach envision what los angeles will look like and at 25 years end it turns out, just the
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idea that ten years of thinking in one session or even in ten years is insufficient, we need a vision that outgrows our own lifetimes and is about our children and grandchildren. how do we think about a statewide agenda that addresses its 100 year vision we have with anti blackness, white supremacy, and in the meantime, do some real things that make people's wives batter aetter andlives be lives. on the right we see legislation we have to come back, thinking about reforms, incremental reform is moving us in the right direction, they pass legislation quick weed that consolidates
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power on the right, how do we make sure the reforms we make are moving towards our vision of the world wheat want to see? lastly how do we think about transformation? how do we frame of the work we are doing in a way that is transforming give and grass the root of the problems we are seeing and facing? in terms of defensiveness, thinking about how to combat what is happening, the four main areas one is fighting back against pre-emption loss. we see across the series of laws that make it impossible for us to enact reforms at the local level which is part of why i am happy to be here. in the room with city council members there's so much stuff they can't do and we have seen this in terms of education, in georgia and other states trying to wrestle control of schools out of local municipalities into the state government in order to afford a privatization agenda, in terms of wages and we just
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saw in before they are trying to pass we ordnances at the state level. how do we think and, that this move towards the control that limits the ability of municipalities and communities to control their police allowing municipalities to profit off of their people. in missouri and other places it gets to is this, it is not okay that 45% of the budget comes from targeting the poorest and most vulnerable in the community. what can we do as a state to check the aggressive predatory powers of the local police department and local governments? >> and profiteering and private corporations. how do we at the state level stop the profiteering off of black and brown bodies and 4 bodies, banning private prisons, not just prisons that the industry's so people don't just take money from housing and
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caging people but allowing them to call up family members and children, how do we stop the profiteering? that can be done at the state level through ending the ability to contract, how we choose to punish people is not a private issue and there should not be many made off of that, that sounds like slavery. we make money off of people's bodies, that it makes us very leary. and lastly, this is important the criminal justice complex, we saw in the last 30 years a lot of different legislation that protect police officers and corrections officers. how do we in a meaningful way called that back and allow folks to be accountable? the officers bill of rights is across the country? how do we start to deplete that and breakaway at that? in addition to being defensive we have to be careful. this is a mullen lots of people have ideas about legislation, how do we make sure what we pass doesn't in fact reinforce the status quo or consolidate power and the two main areas i see this happening is body cameras
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and community police mr. j which i will put in quotes one more time because no one knows what that means that if you do hauler because i would like to know what it means. in terms of body cameras those three things, two departments that have gone funding for body cameras have no regulations whatsoever. a lot of state bills in new york and california around test programs of body cameras. why don't you filmed this and let us know how it goes issue that is not sufficient. body cameras are an incredible investment, it increases police budgets without any accountability which got us into this in the first place. thinking about body cameras and those reforms in a way that doesn't just a police department's more and not to even mention the corporate actors getting into dollars. citizens united, this microphone has given us some base. has been profiting off of hazing
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and hurting people in our communities for decades. to give them even more money is problematic so thinking intentionally, critically about the ways, reforms we are passing that we are packaging may in fact consolidate power of the folks who have been injuring and hurting our people in the first place. i won't get into the surveillance state body cameras create, but if you want to talk about that we should get a drink because as we move towards this it will create an estate in which surveillance is a new form of policeing, we should ask what body cameras actually do. secondly, policeing, an idea that came about in the 1990s in new york city, it was used as it is being used now to justify the hiring of more police and putting police in more places including schools and it was interesting in the passport hearings to hear the police chief talk about it wasn't their
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job to the social council. they were not mental health experts and did not want to do that job. it justifies the expansion of police duties and police budgets so thinking about the reforms we are championing and whether or not they are moving in the right direction it goes back to the necessity of a long-term vision about the world we want to live in. it is of world in which safety is not just be fined by cages and surveillance that housing and education is about jobs. and criminal justice reform package touching each of those areas as well. in addition to being defensive about where we tread, the last piece that for me is most exciting and important is not transformation. how do we as we are thinking about legislation, it is not easy for you, lots of houses, republican agendas, anti black and anti for and your in the mix
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that inside that, a difficult space thinking transform of the and i have a list for you all. some of the things we can do that are transformative, but being in conversations with folks on the ground because people locally are thinking in creative ways about what the world they want to see. people are most impacted by the violence have ideas about how to solve and get out of this situation that are incredibly valuable the folks have to be listening to. the end of cash bail. cash bail, system of the bargaining. [applause] >> it has put as in a system of the bargaining where there's no atmosphere in the criminal justice system, made prosecutors the judge and jury with no accountability mechanism whatsoever. that should scare us. part of the reason is the unchecked power of prosecutors across the country.
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bail allows for that. and put the price and people's freedoms which should make a scare. if someone does not belong or fit to be out in public, there's no amount of moneys that makes that okay. it is a class based system that should scare us and be abolished. secondly, decriminalization. in the 1980s and 90s, an amazing article about this, we saw the building of a prison stays under republican and democratic control, we are all complicity in that creation. whenever intentions were, we are cognizant of the reality that all of us push on tough crime that really all-out for the creation of a prison states on both sides of the aisle but it took both sides to build and to dismantle it. what we saw in the 1990s and 2,000s and 80s were tens of thousands of new laws passed that maybe he did it was not
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criminal in 85 criminal in 87. is ranges and the state, local and federal level but things like saggy pants, loitering which were gearing is taking up public space. if you are black or brown in an urban area is it legal for you to be in public space. what we saw literally was tens of thousands of laws passed that may behavior that was criminal criminal. there is a real need to go back on the books and the race all of that. the things that were not criminal in 85 should not be criminal in 2015. how do we decriminalized behavior that doesn't belong in the criminal-justice system ancient land you in a cage issue those are social issue is. how to recreate and support institutions that can deal with those issues that are not presents? i think california's top 47 did some of this but it is not just reducing to misdemeanor because misdemeanors will ruin your credit and land you in jail. they are part of the same system. how do we actually take entire swaths of behavior that are not
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dangerous that make folks uncomfortable but not dangerous out of the criminal justice system? secondly speaking out decriminalization, people are kind of uncomfortable, we can call it reinvestment if you want to, whatever language makes you happy inside is fine. but the idea is we extract literally millions of dollars from communities, destroyed families, mass incarceration has led to the destruction of communities across the country and we contract which communities. we have that data. we start decriminalizing things like marijuana, all the profits should go back to the folks you extracted it from. [applause] >> that can be done easily but engage in that process and having accountability who gets the money, when consumers -- we did a survey we would save $170 million annually in wisconsin if we decriminalize marijuana. what will that do for the education system?
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for housing for the homeless, thinking about ways to in short money is funneled back to communities to repair themselves because the last study had incredible consequences on the families of those impacted and it has been both. last wely is the idea of budgete have seen a huge increase on spending on policeing and decrease on education, unemployment, things that make us safer. between 1987, and 2013, there was the 150% increase statewide on spending on incarceration, and a 6% increase in spending on higher education. that is crazy. the idea we have invested so much money in incarcerating and
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caging people and so little, it is a huge problem. budgets for our values. isn't what we care about. in this country, ten stay tuned presently spend more on incarceration than education scares me, and across the country the we see increases in incarceration in other spending. not only is it a bad idea, not magic wise, we for instance know that 10% increase in real wages, 14% decrease in crime rate over ten years. 9% increase in graduation rates, 10% decrease in criminal arrests so we have data that tells us if you invest in jobs, invest in education you have lower crime rates. there are no studies the show as increase police presence produces crime in the same way.
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is a human idea. we have to think about what we care about. it is incarceration, saying something to those communities about how we feel about them. time to get a serious look at the budgets and realign them to reflect our values. you cannot say with a straight face that you believe black lives matter if you are part of the budget process in which the major investment in black communities is incarceration, caging and surveillance fleet is time to [applause] >> thank you also much. >> thank you. last but not least we have rashad robinson of color of
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change, the nation's largest online civil rights organization. color of change has grown its membership from a little over a thousand to over a million. since 2005 it has been a leading force involving government and corporations accountable to black people and enhancing visionary solutions for just society. for the past week years rashad has expanded the scope and impact of the organization and continued to build a commander driven movement around the issues that matter most to black communities. under his leadership and state innovation you will appreciate this, color of change developed and lead a national campaign against alec. [cheers and applause] >> i have to explain what alec is to this crowd. those watching the american legislative exchange council, after its closing alec's involvement in passing
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discriminatory voter id lawns exposed alec for harmful stand your ground laws, color of change pushed over 90 corp.s to end their financial support of alec. [applause] as a result of color change's work alec disbanded a public safety elections task force, the committee responsible for drafting those harmful wads. rashad is a leader in civil rights, social change and technology driven activism and he is like our other two panelists appeared in many news stories, you see him on cnn, abc, etc.. he was also named for the past five years to the root 100 like dante, a list of influential african-americans under 45 and is the proud recipient of the color red award and transforming america award from the los angeles last week communities
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change of the award from stanford community change. join me in welcoming rashad robinson. [applause] >> at 53, i know i have to stand. how is everyone doing? i want to talk a little bit, so great to be on the panel, my colleagues and friends. i want to talk about how we get there. the policy solutions are visionary and trans formative but we are living in the states and the communities and the work that dante is talking about in uplifting young people, and democracy and economy, what we need to. how we get there. i want to talk about movement
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building and what we need to talk about, the inside game and outside game, and often progressive they don't do as well as they should do. the color of change in the aftermath of hurricane katrina. and deep disappointment. and anchor that so many americans tell the failure of government is accountable for the most vulnerable communities and black folks. folks watched as people were literally left to die and the government did nothing. in the aftermath of that our founders send a single e-mail to a thousand people and said join us in this effort to hold government and institutions accountable and those thousands responded and over the last ten years we have grown through campaigns like holding fox news and the media accountable by
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pushing over 200 advertisers to leave the glenn beck show enforcing glenn beck off the air. it was black folks and their allies that did that and it wasn't because that show was less popular. the last episode of the glenn beck show was highly rated but they couldn't sell advertising is the company but bold in the envelope and send it in the sand back cash, it wasn't honda or toyota or walmart, the corporations were pushed to make a choice between standing with community or standing with fox. in the aftermath of alec there were many organizations the alec campaign would not have been successful with out. those organizations doing the research and organizing for years that many of those organizations were standing outside alec's office protesting. we said alec gets 98% of its money from corporations with corporations to everything to use our services and so we told
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those corporations you can come for black folks money by day and take away our vote or make a son saved by night. [applause] region after corp. dropped and domino after domino dropped, balladur is still around and still doing things in our state. in the process we were able to create a framework for who alec is. no longer are they the shady behind-the-scenes organization they used to be. america has a better understanding what they are and what they do and it was the power of everyday people's voices that stood up and pushed back while you were in the state houses standing up and pushing back, that part of the outside game is part of the inside game that is necessary to win. we also stood up to fight for an
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open internet and set up against some folks who are maybe in this room or part of rooms they were often in but we stood up to fight for an open internet because just like voting rights is not just about the issues we fight for but our ability to get those issues through the work, ability to have clear roads that make our voices powerful in our economy and our democracy that will be critical to us fighting the david and goliath fight of the future. protecting an open internet simply wasn't about signing on line or signing petitions but about our very ability to be heard and counted and visible regardless whether we are privileged or vulnerable, majority or minority, in favor or out of favor with whoever may be in power. and sella color change, we are also working to distribute the organizing work we are doing so we launched a platform in the last year urging members to start more campaign so many of you who are working in state
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houses here from our members in different ways, i apologize in advance but i hope you will thank me later. you will hear from our members standing up and fighting on a wide range of issues. some of those issues will be symbolic, but necessary for the structural improvement of our lives, symbolic because we will be urging you all to remove confederate symbols from streets and removed confederate symbols from schools. the fact that there is a robert e. lee's school in california is confusing to me. i run a civil rights organization so it is only as confusing as ironic. we will be asking you to stand with us on fat because that is part of the work of bringing new people to the movement, part of the work of helping people understand why grease matters. the important work to building movements that are powerful,
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also pushing over the line from policy goals that you all want. when folks come to me and say we want more black people involved in our issue is, how we get more black people to care about my issue and i hear it on everything from public financing to climate to every other issue that impact our community every day. it is about reaching people where they are and moving people of a ladder of engagement but not just about what we say. is about what we do. not just about having the right words, but having the right policies behind them. that goes to mike weir point i want to make. in this age of media, this age of getting things to trend on social media so often in our movement we mistake cultural presence for cultural power, we mistake presence or awareness of our issues, the fact that they are out in the community, people talking about them for the fact the we have power to get them over the line.
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we built the energy and passion engagement of everyday people to ensure that people will move on the issue when we want them to move on the issue. whether it is legislative change, so many issues we can get on the front page of the news but can't get people to show up and meet with their representatives or better yet we can't get people to vote right away when we want them or to hold their elected officials accountable, to incentivize those in power to do the right thing and put some out when they do wrong thing. whether it is our media environment, and every single day we see the news stories and local news, we want to step back and started doing some studies, monitoring local news coverage, we looked at new york, the new york local market, the 11:00 and 10:00 news and looked at them
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because in many places the new york news set the standard for what happens around the country and they have the most money so figured we would do it the best and we monitored them for six months everything will night. the color change staff went hazard pay had to look at the local news every single night and monitor and track crime coverage by race. then we went back and we compared that coverage to the nypd arrest records. arrest records we already knew were skewed because of broken window policeing or stop and frisk, all the things dante and marguerite made out. all four stations had a distortion rate of 40% to 50% meaning they showed more black crime, 40% to 50% and white crime and underreported white crime. these were decisions made each and every night but over six
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months lead to an array of coverage that was happening for people who they were be afraid of. if you are working to crack policy in the state, that is passing inside of this. a hostile climate and a false narrative and story about the community. and outside policeing that incentivizes and pushes us to believe what we are told on the front page of our newspaper, what we are being told from the right wing politicians. so we push this out and started campaigning and we are pushing the networks to do be each night is this and we got to fix this
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would like to help corporations have moved into our lives, created growing inequality and if we don't continue to pushback in clear weighs against corporations we will never build a populist movement that can
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win. [applause] we say black lives matter because when black people win we believe everyone wins. we believe our history has shown us that when we have progress on these issues, not just black people but immigrants and women and gay and lesbian bisexual and tranche tender people and native people in we all win. some total of our movement has to be about us finding common ground and working together, leveraging symbolic victories and opportunities to drive people to online activism, into the streets and public service and also the structural issue we can move people once we got them there and our work remains and continues but i thank you for standing up for helping us understand better about alec as we move to the campaign where can we are an outside source
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agitating, pushing and driving forward the issues we care about and we hope you will stand with us on the inside. [applause] >> thank you and thanks to our panel. we will open up for q&a but as you think of your questions i will ask one question to our panel to answer really quickly and i like the point about inside or outside and meeting both, we have a panel of movement leaders here and i ask each of them to quickly sack, marbury had her list of trans form of policy changes, but if you could pick just one policy change you would like to see that everyone in this room when they get back to their home state on monday could start working on if they are not already. if there's one on your wish list but you think is close to a
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magic bullet, what is the one policy that you think would be most helpful in this moment for legislators to events in statehouses across the country what would it be? we will open up for q&a. >> batting all guns on campus as we have seen not all communities across the country have a ban on concealed carry. there's a tremendous concealed carry movement over the last year and also in regard to that really quickly we have seen the rise of the concealed carry movement is deeply connected to the armament of campus police that impacting black communities and the militarization of campus police. working hard and deep around the concealed carry laws that are in
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your state. >> i am going to totally break your rules. in the budget fight, speaking about realigning with values, we can rethink what we are investing in, that is the focus we can get into. the omnibus bills, three bills, the idea of packaging, this is not an issue problem, what we see in communities is a manifestation of failure across the board. how do we present an agenda with an omnibus bill on a platform that gets to all of that the state budgets and reparations are likely tomy tweetwo . >> reporter: consent to search and special prosecutors. in this moment, this movement moment of people standing up and
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talking about police accountability those are two pieces that provide more power and opportunity for community. >> one more thought. voting rights bill that was passed in the 60s started as an omnibus bill that addressed the entire experience of black folks at the time and got down to voting rights but presented a vision to congress and the country about all the different areas from voting to segregation to economic justice that had to be pushed and walked on sloth thinking about platforms and packages getting to more than one area and if you pass one of those areas by putting forward your vision as a world we want to be and is important. >> we want to hear from you. let's take a few questions if the three of you could keep notes and try to answer all questions and not dodge. we will take a few a hear from
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them and try to have another round. >> thank you please >> if you could introduce yourself. >> i am marsha mini, state representative from new hampshire. in the state of new hampshire, we have at this time a lot of the presidential candidates coming and one of the issues from them i wonder how you would address and that is a horrible statistic of black youth unemployment at 55%. >> let's take another one right here. >> richard mcnamara from new hampshire. i am in my 70s and remember many years ago when it was as much frustration as i hear today in the black panther movement came on. mixed opinions, positive or negative, the panelists see that movement coming back and what is
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their opinion about should they be here again and go to work again? >> right here please. >> thank you, senator audrey gibson from the great state of florida. that is not to be carbon copied on many issues i guarantee you. i am a proud floridian fighting the battle daily. high have a local list and i will go really quickly. i know you talked about decriminalization policies, but in your answers can you talk about the impact policies on things like foster care, project letting, online access to information, only online access, reentry policy, primary stop legislation and the buzz word, how have you looked at those
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other policy areas that we can make changes in that can impact black and brown communities as a matter of fact and how we can come together better, native american, black, brown, especially in florida to impact not only black lives matter but brown lives matter too. the last thing i will say is people hear the words black lives matter but they don't hear the message of what that means so whenever that is written down in an editorial or something the come back from non minorities is white lives matter too. that is true. i think how we couch it particularly in the south is going to help us to make better policies i think as long as we show the umbrella is a big umbrella everyone can participate in. >> let's take one more here and
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we will come back to our panel. >> joe salazar out of colorado. i am here with my good friend, the cochairs of the latino democratic caucus and we have been working very carefully with our black democratic legislative caucus in colorado to move heavy legislation through the stadium and with education, economics and criminal justice. we passed a huge package of community and police trust reformists. our work is not done because we know there's a lot of work that still needs to be done but you touched on something essential to some of the legislation i am going to run which is on curtailing the power of prosecutors because they are a part of this. we have legislation dealing with judges particularly debtors' prison, we either eliminated that in colorado but the next part is prosecutors. it would be great to hear your thoughts on how to package that and i would love if you came to
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colorado because i think if our white republican colleagues saw you they would probably be themselves. come on out. >> we are keeping this pg by the way, this discussion. who wants to start? >> i will take the first to try to take parts of the first two. and i think in terms of response to black unemployment it gets back to this whole peace around the investment idea. so i will give an example of what you did in new york as one way to think about this. we ran a campaign called safety beyond policeing which was an attempt to intervene around a
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budgetary decision making process. .. going back to what he said, budgets determine priorities and budgets reflect our recall
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sue -- -- our values, and we can provide the resources necessary in order to provide a decline in black youth unemployment in order to provide displaced homeless youth in housing, in order to have actual adequate health care for communities. it's about how to rethink budgetary needs and how we're putting power behind the way that we can really incorporate re-investment in communities. then quickly, on the second question, the black panthers were an organization, they're not a movement. i think that what we're seeing within the last 50 years, and i think within what the black panthers were pushing back against, is the reality that a lot of the stuff hasn't changed. the reality that communities are still impacted by police brutality, still being impacted by poverty, still being impacted
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by joblessness. these conditions have not necessarily changed. just evolved. and so i think you're seeing in this movement a real reflection of this over decades and centuries that this has remained the same. >> great, thank you dante. >> i think i am a broken record around this re-investment. to the question about in new hampshire, those rates don't include folks who are incarcerated. so black youth unemployment is higher. one of the most sure links between circumstances and unemployment and joblessness. one of the fastest ways to get yourself locked up and one of the hardest things to get once you're free. so the importance of quality jobs and quality pay to reduces crime rates is essential. if you want to be tough on crime, then produce and make more jobs locally and states and
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federally. that's a key component of reducing crime rates and also increasing the strength and safety of communities across the country. i don't have a solution beyond that. i think we should think about it in that way in terms terms of te question from florida, think the frame -- speak about our state budget and looking at -- so we just did an analysis of ten state budgets. florida is one. looking how much money is being spent on incarceration versus things like health or job ready ins or child care, so i think digging into state budgets and saying how do we think about this as a holistic experience and support folks and communities to make them stronger. so that includes child care and foster care, re-entry programs, and put forward a budget. whether or not it gets passed, that addresses those areas and highlights and elevates the way to be stronger and safer, airplane from incarceration and -- away from incarceration
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and prisons. i don't know what to do with the colorado question. i want to talk to the kind of question on prosecutors and would love to talk more about that if think decriminalizeation is a huge piece of that if we take away the laws, and instead of packing prosecutor -- mandatory minimums is another powerful thing. having -- the idea of mandatory maximums. you cannot good to jail for more than three years on the charge. one -- i did public defense for a while, and in law school, and one of the major problems is folks were facing 20 years for almost nothing. so of course you plea, of course prosecutors have the power. that's the threat, the threat of putting you in cage for 20 years means people would do almost anything to get out of that, whether guilty or independent. so having mandatory maximums is a powerful idea, and bail. i would love to think more about
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that in terms of the black panthers, this is the image of the black panthers, the substitute for militantsy and the idea of the possibility of revolution that might include guns but the black panther's a revolutionary party but for community control in a meaningful way and their platform, which included access to house, quality education, the end of mass incarceration, are all things that liberals in the room probably advocate and elevate. so the black panthers as a concept, how they're portrayed is one thing but the actual work and panthers is one that we actually go back to quite a bit, and don't give credit in that space for all sorts of political reasons. there's a great book that lays out. the platform is win that lots of us would get behind. >> i don't have much to add except that it do think it's
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very much about what we incentivize and disincentivize in our system in terms of when we are pushing for legislation, or looking as policies, what we are invent sizing sizing and dee incentivizing in the system. when we think about prosecutors and appointing a special prosecutor in cases where a employs is involved with potential misconduct, how are we incentivizing the system to be fair and open and just when we know that district attorneys or prosecutors are not incentivized to do the right thing. how do we have a system that is open and fair and through our policy work and advocacy worker encentavossing the right things. but seconding everything that my co panelists have said, just on the bail piece. we just completed how we hire special investigators to go down to waller county, texas, because of what was happening with sandra blair and the woman found
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hanging in the jail cell in texas that became national news. we had mobilize ode hundreds of thousands of members. we worked with a number of other organization, delivered petitions to the justice department and were back and forth with the justice department but hearing these conversations from members, that of all the other problems that were in this county and they sort of -- they were part of a larger narrative that we continue to hear about collusion and the lack of incentive to do the right thing in these -- some small counties and towns. the conflict of interest that exists in our criminal justice system, where sheriff's can appoint the person that is going to do the investigation, and the investigation is not binding, but we think there's been an investigation. what our private investigator has found, the first part of a three-part series has been published in huffington post, and the next two pieces will be coming out soon. we found a lot of what we
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continue to hear but in much more factual details because we were able to verify a lot of it, and it really did point to a real corrupt system with our paid bail system. a system that incentivizes high bail for people who do not have the ability to hire defense or not powerful in our system. it incentivizes sheriffs and judges from taking money under the table. it incentivizes all sorts of things and the united states and philippiners the only democracies that have this type bail system. so we're not sitting inside some normal process that exists in been global democracies. something that has to change for all the reasons laid out and that's at the macro policy level. but at the microlevel, woman for a traffic infraction was given $5,000 bail. her family had to figure out how to get that: it took days.
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she was found hanging in her jail cell. we continue to see at the story level this is happening and then at the macro level we see our our system absolutely incentivizes this. how the overlays of capitalism and coach pratt power, and that bail, that bail work is absolutely the work of alec. the bail bonds industry, the surveillance industry pushed these policies in states and they're continuing to push them in states around the country. be on the lookout because as the movement around stopping prisons happens, around no more prisons, around ending privatized prisons, what is happening for alec and other groups is that they are now getting money from surveillance, extending probation and parole and surveillance and that is the new frontier. so we can't simply be fooled by some of the things happening, and we have to keep our eyes open for all the ways that the system will incentivize the
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wrong things and we have to work to incentivize the right things. >> just to add to that. keeps having these amen moments. we have seen the privatization of the services, probation, atlanta has been privatized so we see the influence of private corporations and politics to push for policies that expand those. so that a thing to be cognizant of. >> and also, toism on that, also private police departments, particularly even in chicago, where there are departments, private police departments actually polices communities within chicago as well. so i think the corporatization of police and prison and surveillance and all that is something to be paying close attention to. >> okay so we are quickly running out of time. we'll do a speed round. so take two more questions and then allow the three panelists to quickly wrap us up. so -- >> i i'm from arkansas and like many other states, the
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disproportionallity especially african-american men who are looked up is immoral, and following the lead of iowa, connecticut, and wisconsin, done some work with racial impact statements and i have tried to get one passed in arkansas, unsuccessfully, and i was just wondering about your thoughts, through your lens, of whether or not something like that could be very, very helpful and just shining a light on how we're using these black and brun bodies particularly as a way of keeping the system and making money and everything else. just having information. all it says is, we will do a racial impact statement prior to changing the laws and adding laws, so that at least we will be informed about the impact we might have that we don't even intend to have. >> those are like environmental
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impact reports. >> fiscal impact -- >> or fiscal impact studies. thank you. so last question. >> representative raymond dean from minnesota. my question is really about strategy. you had mention of the inside-outside game. i came from the outside to the inside, and what i've noticed is there are a lot of folks on the inside, the first time they see an activist is when they're in office and i have soon the corollary, a lot of of activists have no idea how the legislature works. can you speak to how to develop a strategy in a state or jurisdiction to really make that a mutually beneficial relationship instead of adversarial. >> thank you. if the three of you -- 30 seconds, maybe 45, to answer the questions and any concluding thoughts you have. so concise because we want to get people out of time. concise but also if you can address those questions. those great questions.
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>> i think it's about leadership. i think it's about someone taking it upon themselves to see that is going to be the goal in terms of bringing legislators and activists together, and where i've seen it work best is finding dissecrete and clear things to build trust and understand the lines of people's roles and where people stop and start and to figure out what -- how much the runner band is going to stretch who when it's going to break, because in these situations it's very much about people understanding their role. i've seen the inside-outside game break down so much, and to be clear there will be times in which the best thing an outside force can do is to oppose something at something that youe pushing to let the folks know on the other side you're not doing the work of the lefty radicals.
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so to the extent that it's not simply about always having all the groups lined up, but about understanding the various roles people play on the field and how they can do it the best. that takes trust and leadership and getting people in the room so they can see one another and start working together. >> great. >> so, racial impact statements are really important tool, and i totally agree. i think in new york city, we have been trying to do the same thing at the state level, and the two ways have bun that is through existing bill. to a decrim bill that has. impact statements and it makes me cynical. you just don't want to know. and i don't think knowing always means we do better but least we know and it's out there. so i think it's important step. we have a tool kit called justice in policing that addresses some of that and ideas how to get bail out bit a challenge and knowing the immigrant pact is an important first step. les can happen how to committee and we can force the statements
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to happen without laws. push that and inform folks. and i think relationships are important. the idea of building relationships, insatellitening folks on the outside into offices, into conversations, and really basing policy agendas on the conversations so not just in a toke yepistic -- tokennistic way. so relationships are the key to that. >> to the inside-outside, in addition to that, i think it being really real that relationship account be just based pop having another media opportunity with an activist or vice versa, having the opportunity with a legislator, and having the space to think about shared strategies, shared impact, shared relationships, towards a overall mission, and in a way that also doesn't seem co-opting and really being part of the thinking about what that relationship means for you, what that relationship means for them. >> so, let's thank our three
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panelists. [applause] >> i just wanted to just, based on the last question and response, that this is a greet -- i thought a great conversation. hopefully you can talk to these three in the hallways and my wish is that we can continue this movement, legislator conversation in future convenings of the innovation exchange. so thank you. [applause] >> i just want to echo that and take a minute to acknowledge this moment where you have movement leaders paired with elected officials and how powerful that actually is. think about how powerful that could be. and what we can take from this moment, and going back into our states, connecting with movement leaders on the ground, six will help facilitate that.
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we'll be working with our panelists on development of policy platforms and ideas we can connect you to ideas, we can connect you to people, and six is very committed to doing that. so, i want to just again appreciate and thank the panel here. these are all amazing, dynamic people, and heroes of mine. so, thank you again. [applause] >> now we'll take a quick break. breakout sessions are happening, the "who leads us panel" on this level. the reproductive rights and training, governing as a progressive, are upstairs across the lobby. you can see the signs there for those rooms. thank you all. [inaudible conversations]
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[inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations]
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[inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] bill clinton. >> u.s. employers cut become on hiring in september and added fewer jobs in july and august
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than previously expected. because of that the unemployment rate stayed 5.1%. the economy added 142,000 jobs. job cuts were mainly in manufacturing and oil drilling. house speaker john boehner talked about the numbers saying too many middle class families are still struggling and saying, instead of expanding washington's reach the president ought to work with republicans to expand opportunity for every american.
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the supreme court is scheduled to begin its new term on monday. earlier this year, a poll was conducted for c-span on supreme court and the impact of its decisions. you can see here from the poll, some of the decisions are more familiar than others to americans, roe v. wade at the top, 67% of americans familiar with that. 46% of americans familiar with board v.board of education and guess on from there. here to talk nor about the sprem court decisions and c-span's upcoming series, landmark cases, is executive producer mark farcus. tell us more about the series who why is c-span doing it.
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>> all of our history series really need to lend currency to the current programming and when you take a look at the role the court has been playing since it began, i think this poll really shows that the supreme court is relevant, it's encouraging for us, the series we're doing, landmark cases, historic supreme court decisions, takes a look at 12 decisions over time that really have currency today, and eight of those decisions are listed in that poll. so i think it shows one that the court does play a really important role in society, and the genesis of this was right bader ginsburg was talking to the national constitution center dinner. and she was talking to them about the case of loving versus virginia, which i not on our list, but the point was she said, you know, there are two people involved in this case, and so really what the court
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ought to be looking at and what americans ought to look at is not only the decisions but people involved in these cases, and so we wanted to take a look at not only historic supreme court decisions but really the people involved it in, the personal stories, the people that cared enough to take their case all the way to the supreme court. >> when will the series air, first of all, and more background about how these cases were chosen. >> guest: the series is a 12-part series, begins monday, october 5th, this coming monday, as the court comes in on the first monday in october for the new session, and each monday night from 9:00 to 10:00 on c-span and c-span3, we will too 90-minute programmed that takes a look at all 12 cases. >> host: and the background on how these cases were chosen? how did you make those decisions? because there's a lot more than those will be shown during the series. >> guest: greta, it was an interesting exercise. the supreme court has been
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meeting since 1790. we're trying to figure out just how many cases they've decided over the course of that time. it's probably over 20,000. we had to anywhere rove it down to -- anywhere rove it down to 12. you can do a parlor game over it, because we came up with 12, along with partners at the constitution center. we talked to constitutional vallehos, legal scholars on the left and right to come up with the list. i it was tough because there are a lot of great decisions, important decisions, that north on this list but this is a good mix of different amendments to the constitution, permanent stories, sometimes these cases are cases where the court got it right and set precedent to today, and some of the case, dred scott, cases where history is judged as the court maybe got it wrong. >> host: so, as we said, the supreme court kicks off its new term on monday. tell us what -- which case you'll be featuring monday night when the series begins and why.
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>> guest: monday night we feature marbury vs. maddison, the foundation that chief justice roberts, justice ginsburg and a lot of the justices quote today. cited at one of the most often cited case inside athletes of the case and what it does is establishes the court as the ultimate are arbiter of the discussion, judicial review, which is still being debated today where the court is stepping in too much. there's a debate going on, whether the court should be deciding issues like gay marriage, other issues like that. and so marbury versus madison establishes that, but it's also a great case that shows the personal stories behind these cases. there is a battle going on in this between john adams, thomas jefferson, and john marshal, behind the scenes, that really is the story of this case. so it hat legal import but the
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shows are also really personal stories that are engaging and illuminating on the time period. >> host: 9:00 p.m., monday night , to an in c-span's landmark cases. appreciate it. >> guest: thank you very much. >> israel are prime minister benjamin netanyahu addressed the united nations general assembly yesterday. his speech ran about 40 minutes. [applause]
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>> ladies and gentlemen, i bring you greetings from jerusalem. the city in which the jewish peoples hopes and prayers for peace, for all of humanity, has echoed throughout the ages. 31 years ago, as israel's ambassador to the united nations, i stood at this podium for the first time. i spoke that day against a resolution sponsored by iran to expel israel from the united nations. then as now, the u.n. was
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obsessively hostile towards israel. the one true democracy in the middle east. then as now, some south -- some sought to deny the one and only jewish state a place among the nations. i ended that first speech by saying, gentlemen, check your fanaticism at the door. more than three decades later, as the prime minister of israel, i am again privileged to speak from this podium. and for me that privilege has always come with a more responsibility to speak the truth. so after three days of listening to world leaders praise the nuclear deal with iran, i begin
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my speech today by saying, ladies and gentlemen, check your enthusiasm at the door. you see, this deal doesn't make peace more likely. by fueling iran's aggressions with billions of dollars in sanctions relief, it makes war more likely. just look at what iran has done in the last six months alone. since the framework agreement was announced in lausanne. iran boosted supply of weapons to syria. iran sent more soldiers of the revolutionary guard into syria. iran sent thousands of shiite. pakistan fighters to syria, doing this to prop up assad's
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brutal regime. iran also shipped tons of weapons and ammunitions to the houthi rebels in yemen, including another shipment just two days ago. iran trended to topple jordan. iran's proxy, hezbollah, smuggle bead lebanon sa-22 missiles to down or planes and cruise missiles so sink our ships. iran supplied hezbollah with precision-guided surface-to-surface missile and attack drones so it can accurately hit any target in israel. iran aid ode ham mass in building armed drones in gaza. iran also made clear its plans to open two new terra fronts against israel. promising to arm palestinians in the west bank, and sending its revolutionary guard generals to
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the golan heights from which operatives recently fired rockets on northern israel. israel will continue to respond forcefully to any attacks against it from syria. israel will continue to act to prevent the transfer offing extraic weapons froms hes the from and to territory. every few weeks iran and hezbollah set up new terra cells in cities throughout the world. three such cells were recently uncovered in kuwait, jordan, and cypress. in may, security forces in cypress raided a hezbollah agent's apartment. there they found five tons of ammonium nitrate.
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that's roughly the same oft of ameanum nitrate used to blow up the federal building in oklahoma city. and that's just in one apartment in one city, in one country. but iran is setting up dozens of terra cells like this around the world. ladies and gentlemen, they're setting up those terror cells in this hemisphere, too. i repeat, iran's been doing all of this, everything that i've just described, just in the last six months. when it was trying to convince the world to remove the sanctions. now just imagine what iran will do after to the sanctions are lifted. unleashed and unmuzzled, iran will go on the prowl, desiring
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more and more prey -- devouring more and more prey. in the wake of the nuclear deal iran is spending billions of dollars on weapons and satellites. you think iran is doing that to advance peace? you think hundreds of billions of dollars in sanctions relief, and fat contracts, will turn this rapicious tiger into a kitten? if you do, you should think again. in 2013, president began his so-called charm offensive here at the u.n. two years later, iran is executing more political prisoners, escalating its regional aggression, and rapidly
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responding the global terror network. they say actions speak louder than words. but in iran's case, the words speak as loud as the actions. just listen to the deputy commander of iran's revolutionary guard quds force. here's what he said in february. quote: the islamic revolution is not limited by geographic borders. he boasted that afghanistan, iraq, lebanon, syria, palestine, and yemen, are among the countries being, quote, conquered by the islamic republic of iran. end quote. conquered. and for those of you who believe that the deal in vienna will bring a change in iran's
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policies, just listen to what iran's supreme leader, ayatollah khamenei, said five days after the nuclear deal was reached. quote: our policies towards the arrogant government of the united states will not change. the united states, he vowed, will continue to be iran's enemy. while giving the mullahs more money is likely to fuel more repression inside iran, it will definitely fuel more aggression outside iran. as the leader of a country defending itself every day against iran's growing aggression, i wish i could take comfort in the claim that this deal blocks iran's path too
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nuclear weapons. but i can't. because it doesn't. this deal does place several constraints on iran's nuclear program, and rightly so, because the international community recognizes that iran is so dangerous, but you see, here's the catch. under this deal, if iran doesn't change its behavior, in fact if it becomes even more dangerous in the years to come, the most important constraints will still be automatically lifted by year 10 and be year 15. that would place a militant islamic terror regime, weeks away from having the fissile material for an entire arsenal of nuclear bombs. that just doesn't make any sense.
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i've said that if iran wants to be treated like a normal country, let it act like a normal country. but this dream -- this deal will treat iran like a normal country even if it remains a -- that con terces its neighbors, sponsors terrorism worldwide and chants "death to israel," "death to america." does anyone seriously believe that flooding a radical theocracy with weapons and cash will curb its appetite for aggression? do any of you really believe that a theocratic iran with schapper claws and sharper fangs will be more likely to change its stripes? here's a general rule i learned and you must have learn in your lifetime.
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when bad behavior is rewarded, it only gets worse. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, i have long said the greatest danger facing our world is the coupling of militant islam with nuclear weapons. and i'm gravely concerned that the nuclear deal with iran will prove to be the marriage certificate of that unholy union. i know that some well-intentioned people, sincerely believe that this deal is the best way to block iran's path to the bomb.
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but what of history's most important, yet least learned lessons is this. the best intentions don't present the worst outcomes. the vast majority of israelis believe that this nuclear deal with iran is a very bad deal. and what makes matters even worse is that we see a world celebrating this bad deal. rushing to embrace and do business with a regime openly committed to our destruction. last week, major general, in the commander of iran's army proclaimed this. quote: we will annihilate
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israel for sure. we are glad that we are in the forefront of executing the supreme leader's order to destroy israel, end quote. and as for the supreme leader himself, a few days after the nuclear deal was announced, he released his latest book. here it is. it's a 400 page creed detailing his plan to destroy the state of israel. last month, khamenei once again made his genocidal intentions clear. before iran's top clerical body. the assembly of experts. he spoke about israel, home to
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over 6 billion jews. he pledged, quote, there will be no israel in 25 years. end quote. 70 years after the murder of six million jews. iran's rulers promised to destroy my country, murder my people, and the response from this boiled, the response from nearly every one of the governments represented here, has been absolutely nothing. utter silence. deafening silence.
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>> perhaps you can now understand why israel is not joining you in celebrating this deal. if iran's rulers were working to destroy your countries, perhaps you would be less enthusiastic about the deal. if iran's terror proxies were
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firing thousands of rockets at your cities perhaps you be more measured in you're praise and if this deal was releasing an arms race in your neighborhood, maybe would you be woo be more reluctant to celebrate. don't think iran is only a danger to israel. besides iran's aggression in the middle east, and it terror around the world, iran is also building intercontinental ballistic missiles whose sole purpose is to carry nuclear warheads. now, remember this. iran already had missiles that can reach israel. so those intercontinental ballistic missiles that iran is building, there's not a meant for us. they're meant for you. for europe. for


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