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tv   Tour of the Schomburg Center  CSPAN  December 25, 2015 3:45pm-5:01pm EST

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time in the bush administration. and tom dashal and trent long offer their solutions to resolve the current state of partisanship in washington. and the president of the gold water institute looks at the review period new medications undergo to receive fda approval. >> what the right to try laws are all about when your life is hanging in the balance, you have a terminal illness, it is about giving you the right to try to fight to save your life by accessing experimental and investigational medicine while under study at the fda but before they receive the final green light. >> after words airs every saturday at 10 p.m. and 9 pm ea eastern on sundays. >> dr. khalil gibran muhammad we
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are at the world famous schomburg center for research in black culture. why is the world famous? >> because it is the most important repository to study black history founded 90 years ago. >> and who is pearl? >> he is the founding cureateer. he migrated from puerto rico and found a job on wall street working in a mail room. he worked hard and brought any rare or unique books you could find that were by or about black people eventually becoming famous for this collection. people would go to his home in
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brooklyn to see the library, borrow from the library, people like langston hues and hurston eventually. it arrived 90 years ago and made up the core of what is a 10 million item collection at the schomburg center for research in black culture. >> how did it end up at this location? >> because this was the settlement zone, ground zero, for what came to be the negro mecca of the world. harlem usa four blocks over.
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most people today think about harlem in relation to the apollo or the baptist church. 125th street is the commercial corridor of harlem and the publ public imagination but the first that settled settled on 130th street between lynnx avenue better known as malcom x boulevard and adam clapper boulevard. it was that one block that received the first black families and property owners. it is why the first colored ymca is across the street. it is why harlem hospital, which wasn't for black patients in its founding, became the main center for training black nurses and doctors and taking black
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patients. this was the home of black harlem. >> what is the schomburg center for research in black culture relationship with harlem >> it is the archive of the place of telling the stories. the history makers and change agents from langston hughes and malcolm x. this is the place that those people walked through these doors in search of information, fellowship, and camaraderie and walked out smarter, more committed, and more passionate to tell the stories and do the work. >> what is the relationship with the ny public library? >> new york public library owns and operates the facility. the new york public library was the broker of the deal that
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helped to bring the collection here along with the carnegie museum and the national urban league. the library was committed to serving the patrons of this community by finding this selection and for these past 90 years the new york public library supported the operation of this center as it does other research centers associated with it. >> 10 million pieces. what is in that 10 million? >> a lot of papers and books. we have about 400,000 volumes in terms of books. those books represent our purchases over those 90 years including many original collections. we have a very substantial ma e manuscript collection.
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it is those individual pieces of paper, the correspondence, the diary entries and unpublished m manuscripts. we have negatives, prints, born digital photo graphic material. we have a collection that represents original jazz albums, unpublished material, including moving images, going back to the 1960s and '70s when a lot of documentary films were made. and we have an art collection that rivals with the best art collection existing in this country. we have, argue this and no one has taken issue, the best collection of 20th century
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african-american fine arts. the collection is vast in its range and significant in what it represents for telling african-american history and global history. >> available to the public? >> yes, yes. we are committed in the new york library public system for every item i just described being able to any research, or individual, self described expert, young adult to seasoned experienced mentor of this community, can come in and ask to see original material and have that material delivered to them so they might use it for themselves. >> the library received 60% of
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support from the city and there is an endowment that helps fund the overall operation of the libra library. six percent of the money comes from new york and 40% from endowment and restricted funds and grants we are awarded in the course of fundraising. >> when you see your role? >> my role is set to division and direction of this institution and manage the leadership of these institutions. no more than 300,000 come through the door. my job is to make sure this place runs smoothly, that we are responsive to community needs, i focus on addressing issues short term and long term.
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i am a booster and advocate for the importance of institutions like this. they are committed to education in the general sense. particularly one that expands our public fear that helps people fute a pabb-- feel a par our democracy and be engaged. i represent the institution externally. >> how did you get here? >> i was a history professor at indiana university for six years prior to coming here. i caught us history with a specialization in racial relations in african-american history. the particular circumstances of my arrival went along with the departure of my successor and the search committee looking to
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reboot generationally. >> you have been here five years. what significant things would you like to see happen or have happened? >> so this is the start of my fifth year. i would say that we have worked very hard to make the schomburg center for research in black culture center as relevant today as it was in the '60s and '70s. young culture producers and artist and activist i have already named. we focused a lot on our programs and bringing in different talents that really speak to those younger audiences. by that i mean in a setting we are talking about people from 25-45 years old. as a result of some clever social media marketing, bringing
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new talent, we have seen as i mention, the numbers triple to over 300,000 which is a big deal. there is a saturday program that is focused on college prep and we view the collection to work with middle and high school students to increase their critical reading and oral and analytical skills. and then we expose them to ways to communicate and express themselves from spoken word journalism, and scholarships. i focused on taking that program and securing its finances and making it a model for other organizations around the country. we have a lot of s.t.e.m. --
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science, technology, and mathematics. but very little on history. for programs such as history tv, history is a big part of the non-fiction world and what we see is lacking in the overall poplar culture. >> you have been quoted as saying i want to be the google of historic literature. >> we want to be a resource in a way that bridges a millennial sense when it comes to technology and the speed and access of information with substance and rich engagement. so google is the portal to a universe of information and we want to be on the back side of that universe to provide quality content and to be a source of inspiration for further learning. the last thing we want is for people to have experiences in
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real time or virturely turning them off to the ideas of scholarship that we focus on. >> where did you grow up? >> south side of chicago. >> where did you go to school? >> king wood academy. public school. three quarters of a mile from where the president and first lady call home. >> college? >> the university of pennsylvania. i studied economics. and decided late in my tenure there i was going to be a public accountant. so i made a mad grab for accounting classes so i could sit for the exam and graduated with a degree in economics. and started working as an accountant. >> how did you get from there to history professor at ieu? >> college is a fascinating journey. the best of college is an opportunity to expose one to
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various endeavors of human kind. so for me all of the kind of liberal arts that where was exposed to in english and history classes and african-american studies, none of which were my major, turned out to be the most interesting to me once i got out of college. i decided if i was going to be as smart as i needed to be as an account n meaning gap or the v governing accounting principals and if i were to be that smart in accounting i would rather be that smart in african-american histories. something that is important to me and a budding passion. ... blip blip ...
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>> >> or the founding of the nation are the concept of freedom or the debate without putting black people at the center of that story.
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>>host: this is a petition from you could explain in further something broke with the purveyors of the cultural knowledge between the 20s and the '30's the parents my parents generation decided it wanted their kids to go to wall street to be lawyers and to assimilate into american institutions that were not compatible with the old school approach they did it with the best of intentions the subsidy had the opportunities of the 1980's that is an interesting quotation. that is we? [laughter] >>host: are you surprised? >>guest: not really. so a the black experience has always bad one of being whole from the margins.
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after the '60s moved the margins to the center conceptually and then that shift with the burgeoning black middle class if they felt that worked to reconcile the possibility of the american dream when that the legal and the structure was no longer a barrier that sense of skepticism against the reality that people experience. so my generation was not handed the what was always part of the sharecropper a abbess glaves sensibility. -- the slave sensibility
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that they had an obligation to make sure the country would live up to its responsibilities so my generation is we were thrown into the world that there was nothing wrong with the world. this was a world for me by the time i was in college trying to understand that would be the focus of the major urban uprising that prevented the tip of the iceberg the was ballooning on the unprecedented scale. of 1991 and '92 talking about incarceration today but my parents did not prepare us for the work that needs to happen today. that is the critique we were making about trading on success. >>host: who are your parents?
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>> they are both retired professionals one was a schoolteacher and administrative 45 years and my father recently retired was of photojournalist. on the eve of the past 20 years is that "the new york times." >>host: are they retired in new york? >> my parents divorced when i was young my mother is in chicago my father lived in new york over 20 years. >>host: your the the itch? >> the part that i know is i of the great grandson of a the father of his long. might bother was educated at the university of is long before he went to college
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and my mother never converted. they're all very much part of his family part of the grandfather and father legacy and i was very much a part of that as a child. that was a formative that any child that is part of a family that means something you recognized early that people see you differently. so i had conversations with adults because i was the grandson of malaysia muhamed out of sheer curiosity in the typical way celebrity culture attaches to people. and i had some sensibilities that were cultivated as a result coming from a family with this background.
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what may be counter intuitive is i was not anything special with regard to the nature of islam than any other member at the time of was not groomed to be a successor in fact, my great uncle started another movement that was very controversial but he embodied the of one generation removed that it did not trickle-down to my generation. so the analogy is the preacher's kids are often times raising the most tell in church as opposed to following in the footsteps. >> so what is his role at the center? >> he is a major part of our commitment to celebrating
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the contributions of african-americans the latter have articulated in courageous terms, the black experience. his collection is one of the most significant. and annually we have programming to commemorate his birth and assassination. these are usually focused within muslim communities both foreign-born immigrant and american because we look to the legacy of malcolm x to help understand the world that help them understand lebanon and cairo to look at his world perspective at the time. >>host: the schomburg center also said hosts. >> yes.
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leer the bed you within 50 years the home of a the harlem book fair and we have had wonderful programs on c-span for authors and famous people. >>host: khalil gibran muhammad in a lot of the interviews you have done you talk about education another petition from view, the only way to get a coherent message is to trade everybody on that, based of readings and understanding what the problem is so everybody understands that kind of message. day river saying that? >> i don't. i am curious because it is probably in a specific context. if i talk about young people that is what we do with the
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junior scholars program we will reach a common text in the years passed we've read the autobiography of malcolm x, narrative's coverage jobless graphic novel from john lewis. so depending on the context the same way that colombia university does the core curriculum with great works of literature or history that you have a base of knowledge. >> you were to build a core curriculum what would be in it? >> to be as fluent in this context. i have a history booster so i think it is critical that people understand the passed away that professional
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historians articulate that. so over popular or public discourse to publish history books i don't count those with the core curriculum of what i talk about but called american slavery american freedom that is the conundrum that it was aberrational to the american project as they parted professor describes as many historians would now agree is essential to the project of deciding what slavery and freedom were and should be the limit of democracy that is still a work in progress. but james baldwin is a terrific writer to have a special connection and a
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major the fire inside was read the next time the declaration of independence because no work of literature in the u.s. context no work of history with those core ideals are ticketed by the founding fathers. peter you are stretching the limits of my curriculum development. >> but that is paid good. >> could they come into the schomburg center to see personal papers? >> we are considered the home of maya angelou of collection currently only have correspondence between him and his brother it is in possession of the state one day we hope to get it but even in the collection of correspondence with the james baldwin is important
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to scholarship. >> you are also an author? >> yes. we already published book is called of condemnation of blackness. >>host: you have been working on the second for quite awhile. >> i have the administrative and fund-raising responsibilities but it is difficult i have published an article from it is called disappearing act the end of white criminality in the age of jim crow. >>host: are you surprised over the past year with race relations? >> yes. i am. from a the way in which there have been shootings of on armed people that seem to
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come one after the other. these are not new phenomenon obviously the you would they inclinations saturated with media era and commentary that there be behavioral changes so what happens in staten island might have limited the possibility that shots were in his back in charleston south carolina but it seems the circumstances of freddie grey from a few weeks ago i am surprised the high-profile nature of these moments seem not to have had any effect on changing police behavior to the point that people are frustrated
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and more focused on changing the system than i have ever seen in my lifetime as an adult. >>host: put into historical perspective is this a typical year? >> yes. it has been typical the most significant measure is the involvement and investment of the department of justice responding immediately to episodes of controversial police shootings. so what sparked this moment with the ferguson investigation that rolls and into the philadelphia department of justice investigation and the most recent reporting on the of cleveland doj it has also
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fallen on new work police department in the last 12 months. we have not see this kind of engagement with local policing matters since the civil rights movement. >>host: would this have happened without a black attorney general or black president? >> we will leave that up to the historians i will shy away from the counterfactual. one could argue that it is more important there is the democrat and republican given the way the republican party has treated matters of criminal justice and tell quite recently with the bipartisan never led in georgia or by a the pope brothers. -- the koch brothers. but eric holder matters more to the commitment and
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willingness to use doj for local policing matters they and the presence of a black man and though white house or president obama in particular. >>host: we are city in your opposition notice of book on your desk. i will ask you about the title. [laughter] the loneliness of the black republican. >> a new professor at the harvard kennedy school is terrific and i have started to read it. it is representative of a new field of scholarship of political history that tries to unpack the origins of the new right starting in the '70s and other great authors wrote about it. this is very recent modern u.s. history with those that
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were appointed by the republicans or republican candidates or for a certain office that merely asks some interesting questions of the republican party at that time period it is a terrific poet to write a memoir because alexander was a republican appointee to look at those individuals not in the way of the current focus but through the lens of the actual politics and ideology as a commitment to make real the promises of the civil-rights movement for the african-american community much more friendly to transactional politics we
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will work with the politicians republicans or independents to help black people but they have an approach to post civil-rights that makes today's democrats look like the liberal republicans have most of them were if that makes sense. >>host: khalil gibran muhammad who are some of the contemporary african-american writers that you read meyer? >> looking at the minority message is terrific. a comparative literature scholar that looks that black women to experiences in that period. i just read a book about ethel morris who was a pioneering journalist that
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was such river agreed. i just read a couple of dissertations. [laughter] my reading is very broad. >>host: you have been quoted as saying the you want to make smart sexy again. >>guest: in your line of work you want your market to expand and grow and develop. i take i will borrow the quip that was written in part to a couple years ago when he said americans have an amazing propensity for grain and a simplification. what he meant was they don't
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like the complexity of the past and they tend to jettison that four simple ways of understanding things. so to'' directly is the usage of american history had a engaged the past is to blow bubbles on wall street. and in this instance he is calling for us all to be a lot smarter about the world we have inherited and that we might want to live bin and that requires us to wrestle with of messiness of the past to be patient with our learning and the nonsense i agree and i want to make that sexy and people want to appreciate reading nonfiction history books that are not really the best sellers that account for the great fiction writing.
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another book by reading is from tony morris but i am going back to that because i wanted to hear and relieve tory vote -- john morrison in my head because she has an amazing body of work that i have read most of them and talking all lot about racial identity in this country for all different reasons including pressures of black migration and the changing nature of the blue black people are in america. this is the book that popped in my head. >> as the father of three are you satisfied with them warning about u.s. history in school? >> no. my kids go to public school. my son is now refreshment
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and high-school. my wife is also on the school board of our community so i get to see and hear they do a lot of reading and great literature but they don't do as much with the complexity of history that i would like to see as a trained historian. for a long time i was on the receiving end of but we do in our classrooms. so i knew what freshmen and sophomores the basic historical knowledge that they have whether or not they're reading when i would have assigned never mind there were not well versed in and social studies of primary grades as they should be. i am not satisfied my son
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does not read enough quality history or quality nonfiction of last week's news. there is a lot more of literature focused which is terrific but there needs to be more non-fiction and they should be required to read it in school. >>host: what are some of your favorite exhibit here at the schomburg center? >>guest: we had a wonderful show on the great american collages with contemporaries that was of a favorite show for a fine arts show. also one that looked at the photography of one of america's greatest fine arts working in the new deal and working for "time" magazine
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and to do terrific shows with early forms of photography going back to the 1850's and antebellum african-americans here in new york and other parts of the country with the purpose of telling their own story that they were people who use humanity should be respected and captured in the best light. the great motown show. and bringing the original artifacts including marvin gaye what is killing on record and diana ross supreme dresses that was all sequence. those are just the highlights of a number of shows recently we had a rare book collection focus on a new acquisition of material for the studio transatlantic
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slavery the most significant individual gift we have never received 400 rare book items related to the abolition of the slave trade as well as an endowment gift for a fellowship hearer for forever so we put on display items from that collection. >>host: show us some current exhibits. dr mohammad where are we headed? eighty-one the gallery named for one of the earliest librarians here at schomburg and to help to support the renovation. this is day documentary completed 1970 from the movement led by dr. king 1965.
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this particular footage represents a number of outtakes because we had to hire footage of the regionally bent in the documentary was edited for television so they have tremendous resources value at the schomburg center because you are seeing access to this movement that may not have been is meaningful in 1970 as it is now if you look at the scale of the people in church to zero in on those big - - parishioners because they tried to feel out but then you can see a lot more people participating in the wider shots. >>host: in 100 years will dr. king be a flat no? >> you will always be a
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major figure because he will always represent the best of the american in tradition and that the individual has the capacity to the barely changed the world that is what the american dream is built on that portion and he knew that better than anybody except his were used for the greater good. >>host: let's continue. recorded sound and moving image? >> we have five selections. this shows an album collection and what is great about this, think about the five-year old but has never seen an album before. these artifacts in 20 years would not have been a big deal but in the visual world they are. second as is demonstrated for historical preservation
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through the musicians and the artist that create that we have everything from brock peters to which is an actor that is famous in her birdie "to kill a mockingbird". >> this is the abridged version of the book you don't get 90 minutes of on the front and back and additionally literally to grow up in the schomburg center this is the album of her reading of famous black women including coretta scott king and under the anti-winching activist and saw and. what is not commonly known she learned acting here at this library in the theater repertory. harry belafonte in sydney pointy a were all there.
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>>host: this is all open to the public? >>guest: yes. alex haley the famous black intellectuals and the subject of the prize-winning work. looking at that they even heard his voice. you can pool out your phone right now and it is owned by tunes. p.s. we have the album but the world has access to the content and that is exciting it is a good thing. because we want people to have access to the cultural production of knowledge and information the library of conduit to so imagine if we didn't i don't know where we got the master copy but it a
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future there will things that cannot be digitized because they do not exist anymore so we're doing our part. >>host: doesn't lend itself to a dumbing down of history? >> sure. the fact we can all key word search as a classic example music is wonderful sources for historical research david mccullough could not have his books written without it this story -- historical look at the period looking at the villains even with the historical narratives but the bottom line is the way we can keyword search information's trips as of the time that it takes to search for the old-fashioned way it produces new kinds of information.
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you'll always find more than read your looking for. when you don't keyword search. >>host: who is langston hughes? >>host. >>guest: the greatest black poet of all time in one of the world's greatest poets. his work has been read by many. also for 40 years used this library and had an intimate relationship with the librarians at the time so much so that 25 years after his passing he returned to to this library and is now permanently entered and his ashes are part of the main floor of the lobby that is named for links to news here at the schomburg center. here we are profiling a
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collection from adult literature. this is an exhibition that responded to a concern that was articulated in "the new york times" in 2013 that said only about 3% of the annual publication literature black characters as the main focus. said he passed recently and we wanted to do is celebrate how not just his work but other young adult riders -- writers who won the national book award her and another
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young adult writer had a conversation talking about the work. >>host: has the publishing interests -- industry ben responsive to those concerns? >>guest: it is too early to tell and i don't take or track those numbers but i would say we have more work to do. this is 34 children that have continued to use report that in a country where the majority populations of younger people are now today black or brown, we're not still seeing an explosion of literature to reflect their humanity. >> what is next? >>guest: we will head to the main exhibition hall and
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you will see representation of the fine arts collection as well as the manuscript collection. >>host: i see her name. >> jean hanson was chief of the schomburg before they recall director's 1948 through 1980. that is a long time. [laughter] she really help to build this place and was the third chief there was schomburg then the next was the first baerga for martin luther king and was your since 1938 through 1948. >>host: one about the 1959 biography? >> since he went off to write the first dollar the
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work published in 75 or 76. and now is working on a book >>host: how did he go there? >>guest: because these days of vision of republicanism that defies categorization that had a connection to what we lost in this century. >> and about a the graduate students? >> is not all the brilliance but demanding so i had to get caller id brand new telephone service because i would pick up the phone and he is asking me for my latest draft of the dissertation and i thought i cannot walk into this again
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i need to be better prepared >>host: he has been on booktv many times including over three hour "in-depth" program you can watch all three hours. >> we stopped here because this is done by an artist that is the old irish -- homage to the beginnings of this institution and langston hughes is just under the marble floor here is permanently of parts of the collection the importance of parliament to him the importance of the literary world and the institution of cultural heritage preservation so we're happy to be here to
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continue to do tell the story. >> of course, this is the langston hughes auditorium where we have of book fair. >>host: can we see in this ? >>guest: the schomburg center recently won the nation's highest honor for museum and library services and a few weeks ago the first lady presented the national medal to the schomburg center of with nine other museums and libraries from the country this is our 90th year makes it all the sweeter and fear very proud of this honor. >>host: congratulations. >>guest: they akio. we are headed up to what we call exhibition hall.
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that is part of the original carnegie library. this was built in 1905 that is on the national registry for historical landmarks and we are entering that is part of the original meeting room where schomburg himself worked and where his collection was permanently encased olongapo balls. he always imagined the collection was more than on books but it was also art and of the schomburg library at the time was in cahoots with the harlem condition with their commitment to raise the visibility of black visual artist. >> there is no understanding of the library to be as expansive as possible.
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that celebrates the depth of the collection is a rare book items as well as by the arts. >>host: you have a nice size building at the corner of 100 35th on after -- shot of the number two and number three line. where do store stuff? >> all over we have three buildings that are put together all of the books we have never purchased are still here on site the management collections are on-site and off site that is true including the moving image and recorded sound. >>host: you don't tell us where? [laughter] >>guest: some of that is in harlem some of it is in a shared facility of
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collaboration of the new york public library and colombia in new jersey. this is a show inspired by the show #black lives matter a curators joyous how shall not unlike what we saw that each curator was ast to comment on a collection that had not been seen if ever or in some time and help contribute to experience the bay vision to humanity where we thought it may be too much about survival ohrid the sheared need to focus of the criminal justice system so we know that is essential
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we want to remind everyone that walks through the doors to the black residents of harlem that black people are bigger than some of their tragedies. so this show wrestles with the good and the bad and the complexities. >>host: did you come up with the name of the show? >>guest: yes. if it was inspired by the defense particularly those that focused on ferguson and staten island. now i will show you in looking at this case you can see some of the treasures of our management collection we have james baldwin who is writing a letter to maya angelou and completing about having done up project with margaret mead and is a
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little annoyed so he is sounding off to his good friend. >> my dear sister i didn't know how much i needed to hear from the of rent is the opening line. [laughter] you have to love that. there is an image and another person that i've learned from my grandmother they vented from the apartment building where she grew up so why and of the most famous in american history and she was a
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lesbian. and has very much bin of focus and a renewed interest of her work because she was of a lesbian but also the issues of integration and collectability and of the story of ferguson lead what does that look like than the 21st century from moving to a predominantly white community. >>host: what is the significance? >> it is a cultural touchstone. >> it is brilliantly executed and positioned the family as multi textured and generational and traditional inside a nuclear black family in a braid that was a
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caricature much of american and literature and popular culture and did not shy away from the difficulties to deal with the challenges of the stigma of inequality and raised in general this is an interesting story. currently part of the collection includes an amazing fine arts collections and just about a year and a half ago a gentleman from the bronx reached out to the curator of the archives to sell one to give to the schomburg a gift. this was purchased by his father in 1941 the original bill of sale $125 still on
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the back. what makes it more interesting is this battle was done during the savior that jacob was a famous the great migration series was finished. that is now on exhibition here in new york the 60 panels have come together so not only do we have been orphaned panel from that we will try to match the paint but also he actually used the library in the thirties and studied reading the books in the collection that he needed to tell that great migrations story. so to talk about the
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preservation of libraries he is the product of the early influence of the schomburg collection ceramics that is probably worth more than a hundred and $25? [laughter] >> yes. >> so one of the most prolific from the 20th century working for the u.s. information agency that was part of the cold war apparatus to survey postcolonial nation's to keep an eye on things. thises is published gin magazines and here he takes the picture in 1970 and has
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an expansive body of work and we have the entire collection so the images year read the description of the show across the continent starting from pittsburgh to nigeria there is also images of evil and elijah muhammed better rarely seen of than what you would find in a google search. >> here he is and here is malcolm x. >> 1961 shot with a church of god figure debating the
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merits of christianity and islam that must've been quite an event to date we can have that debate today? >> i think we are it is taking place on a global scale. we are. it is not polite in front of cameras well it is but we are having that debate. >> one other fascinating part of the collection is here he is on a tour manager is the essentially using the image of an african woman to talk about black people in a broader context to young muslim girls.
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and this is fascinating because this is a history lesson taught as a historian and a sociologist prepared now we are in one of their reading rooms where special collections are halted we have real treasures and i am honored to have this work. it bet it is okay if the camera can get tight? >> it is an old book is 200 years older than our country. published latin 1873 from a man of african descent in spain. he was in slave been emancipated and became a
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scholar and published this book this is one of schomburg's prized possession from the original collection now living in their rare book collection. >>host: you're handling this without gloves? >>guest: we're not as particular about that even though we care deeply about the collection. these materials are in the service of learning and as much as three take great pride annan preservation i will not do any long-term damage to pick it up to turn a few pages. >>host: can anyone come see the book? >> if they've read latin them the better. >>host: and richard wright. >>guest: the first major novel this book published
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wrote on the map bin the big way because he was wrestling with deep issues of poverty in put that in a novelist hand and this first edition was assigned to the schomburg that is pretty special in and of itself but even more so that we have the manuscript so book number one for those that know the book and here are the manuscript pages that he edited and crossed out with punctuation and different words this is for a literary scholar. exactly what they need to understand the vision of the book it could mean the difference between the final product in the editing process.
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>> day you have richard wright's entire collection? >> we do not but we are proud to have the manuscript of native sons. >>host: where will the others be held? >>guest: i do not know. >>host: continuing of the manuscript to segment. >> one of the most celebrated works of a woman writer and african-american and in particular is maya angelou the first major runaway best seller we know why the caged bird sings this is the actual manuscript and there is inside of quotation marks and that is her handwriting. >> this is her staple late
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now the actual description making her own and it's beginning to tell this transformative story. her archives are part of our permanent collection. absolutely. >> from maya angelou to evocative of a recent moment several of which have appeared the last couple of years and more particularly the steven mcqueen film 10 years of slave the story that expire the film this is the copyright page published 1853. >> this was just made into a movie a couple years ago.
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>> right to. this work for the schomburg center was part of the early effort by schomburg and his successors at a time when the ex slave narrative for the enslave people's writings were not appreciated, how not valued valued, once you get past the abolitionist movement toward the civil war to have very little value in the book world to capitalize on this kind of work because he was lower middle class the very much part that was committed to cultural preservation. >>host: if we put didn't walk-in with a camera crew to say to have my angeles
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collection in could we see this with the darkest? >> yes. it to have access to the material and to they are entitled to have access. >> i am guessing they will have a close eye on them. >> or curators and librarians make sure he will properly handle and use the material win is out for use. >> we're in the reference section this is the heart and soul of the schomburg library where people come
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every day to access the books it is separate from special collections of manuscripts these are books that have been published coming in and out of libraries. >> this is probably the area when you think of a library this is the traditional library reading room accommodations of computers computers, high-tech and low-tech microfilm readers and research reference area. >>host: is this beside the research library also the neighborhood library? >> no. that consumption and is a quiet place to read as a book but because of the size of this investment there is a branch library above this
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building 100 feet that is much bigger for comfortable sociable place to get to a new book or hang out. >>host: what do they come here to find? >> if they are visiting a library they can talk to one of our librarians. >> we have a variety of things news. maybe the of malcolm x papers in the manuscript division. >>host: day you get a lot of those? period we get a variety. now the max is one of the most popular.
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the demand for the negro world that is a universal publication. that was the newspaper for that organization. >>host: thank-you. >> this is a place committed for an answer the question for the african and diaspora it is difficult to remember all of the research questions that people have but we all work together just like the other librarians. the collection always focused on the intersection of the print culture and haitian art at the same time
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people are using 21st century tools to do research. and one other special thing i should show you. this is the caption by dan by one of the most important aaron douglas presented to arthur schomburg completed 1934 that is him. >> this is all part of wpa. douglas is important because his style of painting and storytelling be caving iconic during the renaissance.
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