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tv   Black Panther Party in Oakland  CSPAN  January 2, 2016 12:19pm-12:32pm EST

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turned his stories into 50 novels. it is a story of why it takes a village to raise a child. one of those tables at age 10, studying out of this big dictionary, johnny encouraged him to read and learn. as i understand it, johnny loaned him money to go to school. we come here for his birthday on january 12th. the owner typically has cupcakes. we set out side since the weather is nice and bright, we have workshops, the writing process, the creative process draws on so much insight and what is going on in their world currently. i walked in there and i feel good. i feel soothed, creative, connected to something that has
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that around a long time but that is part of the energy of the oakland. we are having a renaissance on the literary scene. last year there was the open book festival and the bay area book festival and this has been around for a couple years. they are named after the large pieces of equipment to transport the containers, it is all about writing. whether it is on a blog on the computer, the printed page, the energy of the people, there is love of writing, wanting to be together and geographic proximity is part of its, with the bay area growing it is hard to get this going. there is something about the energy of jacqueline square, where we are, that is inspiring. its soothes my soul in either place. >> you are watching booktv on
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c-span2 and this weekend we are visiting oakland, california to talk with local authors and tour the city's literary sites with the help of local cable partner comcast. next we speak to former chairman of the black panther party elaine brown about her book the case of power which talks about the founding of the black panther party and its political activism. >> our goal, we knew there was only one path with deliberation and that was dismantling, revolutionary fundamental change to a non capitalists' organize social construct. our goal was the black panther party was not going to be the revolution. the black panther party would create the conditions to raise the consciousness of the people so that the people would
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struggle. black people came to oakland, to many northern cities during what we generally call the second great migration during the onset of world war ii calling for jobs, making a lot of money building ships and other things. most of the blacks who settled here during the early 40s came from louisiana, oklahoma and texas because those at the nearest states where blacks cannot get jobs, brutal forms of segregation, they came and settled here mostly in the west oakland area where demand talks are located and created their own homes and small businesses and the city itself changed almost overnight from a city
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that was predominantly white to one with a significant black population. win the war was over and whites returned to the city, continued to be denied basic survival needs, civil rights and human needs so that you had a whole population of people to find work but there was no work for us especially once things settle down after world war ii. when you look at the entire country after world war ii the big call for blacks at that time was we want double victory, victory overseas, victory over jim crow meaning of the segregation in public places and so forth so you had a whole question of we fought in the war, we wear the tuskegee airmen but where is our little reward for getting a job or anything,
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no different than the rest of the country so when you have the 1954 supreme court decision in brown vs. board of education this was not a southern school system. the court declared segregated schools were not equal and fair for had to be desegregated and oakland was no different from anywhere else, looking for a decent education for blacks. when the black panther party was established it was established with it ten point platform which was an articulation of what black people wanted and what we believed black people wanted and that was first point was we want freedom. that freedom was the find by we want the power to determine the destiny of our black community which is a question of self-determination. all over the african world especially on the continent of
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africa you had liberation struggles for exactly that, self-determination was the main thing, the defining moment of whether you had power of your life, to say if you could have food or housing, having the power to define the universe that you occupy so we called for decent housing, food, health care and an end to police brutality and we addressed that agenda from an ideological decision, we had many other influencess like influence of housing calling for the revolution to occur through armed struggle and we have influence from france, the great psychiatrist talked about how the revolutionary force could be an important distinction. we put these pieces together and
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organize ourselves and call ourselves revolutionaries because our goal was black liberation but we knew there was only one half way which was a complete dismantling of the existing revolutionary fundamental change to a non capitalists, organized social construct. that was our general ideological theory. our goal was to say that the black panther party was not going to be a revolution. this would create the conditions to raise the consciousness of the people and as a result many strategies, one strategy was to organize people around their needs. you have a human right not to be hungry and we said how do we address that? instead of talking about, food, desert and so forth as talked about today we actually started
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feeding people for free. people got an idea that maybe they have a right to have food and have breakfast for children. and that was one example. that is what we call survival programs under the slogan survival pending revolution. free clinics, big food programs, housing programs, we had a shoe factory and we gave them away. we have many other programs. another way was to coalesce and understand we have common ground with a number of other people. they were not our enemy, we had a basis for friendship and working together so we helped performance to form a coalition with the chicano organization. and puerto ricans in chicago, new york and so forth and we
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formed a coalition with the red guard chinese organization with the young patriarchs with white working class. and the freedom of black people and native people are oppressed and indigenous people. and the american indian movement. and we said gay liberation, nobody was saying that statement in 1970. how can we talk about one half of the country is oppressed and that is women sew women's liberation is part of the struggle. and other people around the world are being oppressed by america. we talked about television in africa, and in mozambique and zimbabwe and we had relations with the cubans and the chinese and north koreans, no vietnamese, not only call for
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end to the war -- we became an international revolutionary organization, operating on all those planes to advocate and push for fundamental revolutionary change. the negative view of the party which exists today was perpetrated by the u.s. government, propaganda did that. that was one thing but the other part was a more serious part and that was the counterintelligence program and other efforts of the federal bureau of investigation led by j. edgar hoover who by 1968-69 identified the black panther party as the greatest threat to the internal security of the united states and as such declared the black panther party needed to be as he said the fbi had an agenda to disrupt, destroy, discredit or eliminate the black panther party. they did everything they could do that and the criminalization
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and demonization of the party began with the fbi's effort at counterintelligence. sort of a legacy as i mentioned, black people particularly in oakland love the black panthers, they loved the idea. it is almost incredible to me because i live here and almost can't believe, i walk down the street and it is like black panthers and all that but one aspect, a sense of pride that black people are not having today, a sense of pride in a powerful group the we felt we risk ending up finally for our humanity. the second thing, here in oakland you can begin to learn more about the black panther
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party, we are going to have our 50th anniversary, of the founding of the party in october of 2016, doing all kinds of things allover oakland that people will be very happy about. some of the programs we have that are sort of -- recently the unified school district, nonprofit that i am ceo of, just entered into a contract with the unified school district to provide food in west oakland and they have a new central kitchen and want to rename the central kitchen or on a the black panther party's history of feeding children so that legacy is there. people know that and face a the panthers did that so that legacy is also in the culture of

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