tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN February 6, 2016 6:00am-8:01am EST
live caucus coverage, this week c-span is on the ground in new hampshire following the candidates, leading to the first in the nation primary, live election coverage starts tuesday at 8:00 p.m. on c-span, c-span radio and c-span.org. >> secretary of state john kerry welcomed colombian president juan miguel santos to this department friday to discuss efforts toward a peaceful solution between rebel militias and the colombian government. president obama has pledged to ask congress for nearly $450 million in aid to help end the conflict which has been on going for over half a century. this joint news conference is 40 minutes. >> juan miguel santos and members of the colombian and american delegations completed a working lunch next door in the jefferson room and now, mr. president, i'm delighted to welcome you to the ben franklin
room, a unique american diplomat and i think you know colombia's first vice president was second in power to the great liberator, sometimes compared to franklin because of the breadth of his expertise and also not only his diplomacy and politics but as a writer and student of nature. his name is probably claimed by a eight different towns in america so mr. president, there are a lot of connections between our two countries, many more than those as you know but the most basic is the founding commitment to liberty and peace and that is why president obama was pleased to meet with you in
the white house yesterday and why i am particularly pleased to welcome you here to the state department. years ago as a member of the united states senate and foreign relations committee i was privileged to join with vice president joe biden and senator dodd and others in working to help put together what came to be known as plan colombia. at the time in the late 1990s colombia was on the verge of becoming a failed state siege by financial difficulties, rebel movements, violent drug cartels. i remember one day in the senate reacting to the news the almost the entire supreme court had been assassinated in colombia. more than 12 or 13 people if i recall directly.
so we responded amid big questions as you know well. today you have come to us at a time where colombia stands as an example of possibilities and i have been privileged to visit twice as secretary of state and the transformation is absolutely remarkable. today colombian's democratic institutions are strong, the level of violence at the lowest in decades. the economy is growing and as president obama said yesterday this is one of the strongest partnerships in the hemisphere, and increasingly global partners. more encouraging colombia under president santos's strong leadership reached a pivotal stage in the effort to try to end the war with the rebel group fa
farq, which is lasted half a century. i'm grateful that through our special envoy has been able to support colombia step-by-step in this historic process. when i went to colombia a few years ago president santos expressed his vision of possibilities to me and asked for our help and because of our early engagement it was only natural that we would say of course, we are pleased to try to help. as the president can bat test these negotiations are always difficult. given years of strife that is hardly surprising, today our delegations discussed the tough issues that still remain to be resolved including plans for disarming and demobilizing farq, and measures to insure
accountability for wartime atrocities. the outlook is promising, the stakes are too high, to take anything for granted and we don't, no one is in celebratory status, there's work to be done to renew the commitment to these months to complete the task. having gone myself to work i know what it means that in peacetime children are supposed to bury their parents. in wartime parents buried their children. colombia has known too many generations of parents burying their children and looking ahead we have to remember the key to plan colombia's success was always a comprehensive vision of how security is established and a commitment stay the course until the job is done. piece has to be built on a solid
foundation and improvements in maintaining law and order of only the beginning. with support from the united states colombians have been moving ahead on a multiple of fronts to strengthen rule of law, build a more inclusive economy, extend protections to journalists in civil society. just as important the government came to terms with the fact that terrible human-rights abuses were committed by not rebel groups. and those abuses have to end, be accountable. as defense minister, you helped to address a dark chapter of this conflict, that of the false positives and today we welcome your commitment to forging a peace agreement that insurers
meaningful justice for those and other crimes. for the united states, plan colombia over 15 years, an unusual degree of perseverance by our government on a bipartisan basis. we would never have made that investment if the colombian people and government had not made an even greater commitment and been willing to devote their resources and energies to it. the united states provided $10 billion for plan colombia, that was less than 5% of the total. the success of plan colombia may serve as a model for other countries in and beyond our hemisphere but even as the day of potential peace agreement may be drawing near, we are not about to be complacent. we believe the same comprehensive approach that
brought colombia this far is needed for the country to sustain its impressive progress and capitalize on the benefits of peace. that is why yesterday president obama do we would collaborate on the successor tragedy to plan colombia, the strategy we are calling peace colombia, will support the colombian government that separates to provide security and economic opportunities to areas that are vacated by farq, areas that require also the delivery of justice and help to intensify the fight against trafficking in illegal drugs. as with plan colombia, colombians themselves have agreed to take on the largest portion of this cause but unique u.s. capabilities can help colombia to we in peace and we
are determined to do that. in addition the united states and norway launched a global initiative to help colombia rid itself of these deadly devices by the year 2021 and together we will commit an initial $50 million toward the initiative. i was just recently in cambodia and laos where the war we were engaged in in vietnam is naming people and taking lives, where we are still working on non exploded ordnance so we understand this challenge and it is one of the reasons we are particularly committed and proud to be joining with norway in this initiative. it is critical to save lives literally and opened the door to greater rural development and
today i can share with you that we have received commitments to participate from the e.u. and 11 countries including canada, chili, japan, mexico, slovenia, south korea, spain, sweden, the united kingdom and uruguay. mr. president, you know better than anyone the challenges ahead for your colleagues and you are obviously substantial but with courage and determination just and lasting peace can be achieved. i know you understand that and the prospects for colombia continue to grow brighter and brighter. the great colombian writer ortiz wrote the life always holds in store more surprises that are more complex and unforeseeable than any dream.
[speaking spanish] >> colombians have good and tangible reasons to dream for the future that is more peaceful and prosperous than at any point in the last half century. in the effort to make that dream a reality, no doubt the united states of america will stand with colombian as a partner and friend and i thank the president for his visit here which has been, we think, warm and exceptional and it is because we are in common cause for piece, please to yield the floor to our distinguished guests, president santos. [speaking spanish] >> translator: good afternoon. i would like to thank secretary john kerry and his team for
their hospitality. the way we were received at the state department, we had a very interesting and important meeting. after yesterday's announcement by president obama, he said we were going to start a new chad ginn in our relationship, we opened the chapter called peace colombia, and this meeting allowed us to land this initiative and think about where we're going to center efforts and identify priorities such as for example to continue with the area of working in security and fighting against drug-trafficking, especially fighting against organized crime show that the vacuum that will
be left by farq won't be filled by organized crime and fight against drug trafficking and organized crime in other countries in the region. we already started and there is great potential of mutual cooperation for mutual benefit's. the other issue we identified was implementation of but operationally and logistical part of the agreement. we need help their and the u.s. has great experience and knowledge in these areas. the third important issue has to do with rural development, when we going to do in the conflict zone, productive projects to bring the presence of the state to those areas, built roads,
hospitals, schools in areas edge because they were under conflict to abandon the state wasn't there, the government wasn't there and as mentioned by the secretary, the mining process, colombia after afghanistan is the second -- with the most mines in the world, an enormous effort, our objectives, very objective and ambitious, until 2020 one, we want to have eradicated all mines from colombia, this is a large effort and thank you, john kerry, we want to thank the u.s. government and the government of norway and the others, and
committed resources. and post conflict, situations offered enormous challenges and at the same time enormous opportunity. it will be much better, and not be afraid anymore. and unfortunately we lived with that fear for 50 years. 15 years ago nobody would imagine that today, we have the results that the world is seeing. we had a similar meeting as the one we had 15 years ago, and reminding john kerry how two governments one in front of the other, the next 15 years and what we would be able to do and we can now say the purpose in colombia was achieved and we hope that in the next 15 years
from now we meet again so we could say peace colombia was achieved successfully. and cooperation with the u.s. yield enormous results for the u.s. strategic trade partner, investor in the country. that is why we give so much value to the cooperation we have received and will continue to receive. there's a real commitment, not just to work for colombia but with colombia. and for the good of the region. the three day visit is at an end and it has been the most
fruitful we have had a in the last few years. i have been coming with presidents to this type of visit for 25 years. never, never have we had such a constructive visit, such a fruitful visit as the one we had today, yesterday and the gate before. and we also had meetings with the highest representatives of the two political partys and the success of the health we received from the u.s. derived from the fact the policy was bipartisan and we were able to talk with the leaders in
congress, democrats and republicans and we leave very optimistic, believing this bipartisan approach will continue with support from both parties, and that will be the guarantee of peace colombia for the future. we are very proud of it because colombia -- colombians have to start believing more in themselves, and our friends believe in us for objective reasons, we have to believe more in ourselves so that we start working on this better future we will have once peace is signed. piece is a golden opportunity for the union of the colombian people, for them to say to
themselves as a nation united, worthy objective stats, founders of this country said to themselves benjamin franklin, jefferson, and what our founders wanted for our country so the weekend continues going forward together with a shared vision of common objectives and that is how changes are obtained for the good of the nation's. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, sir. >> two questions, the first will
come from lesley. >> thank you, good morning, good afternoon by now. what can you do before that munich meeting to keep the scenery in peace talks from totally collapsing? you have coming to princess -- criticism you're leaving the russians too much over opposition, to the peace talks yet the russians at the table. is russia pretending to pursue diplomacy while seeking a military solutions? and what is from the republicans. and use the money president obama has asked for. this piece time opportunity you refer to at a time of low
commodity prices. is there any effort by the colombia government to perhaps seek additional financing facilities from the world bank to get through. >> first of all let me say, neither russia nor bashar al-assad nor the supporters of bashar al-assad are in this moment in compliance with the united nations resolution 2254 that they voted for, that russia voted for. that resolution calls in
december on the eighteenth of december called for immediate access for humanitarian assistance to all syrians in all parts of the country. need to the bashar al-assad regime or the supporters have made that happen. secondly, it also calls for end to wall aerial bombardment and artillery bombardment of civilians and that should have ended according to united nations resolution russia voted for and moreover, it is clear that russia is using free-fall bonds, dumb blondes as they are known, they are not precision bombs and there are civilians, killed in large numbers as a consequence, hospitals, civilian quarters have been hit and in some cases after it the bombing
has taken place, workers and gone in to pull out the wounded, they at bombers come back and kill people who are pulling out the wounded. this has to stop. nobody has any question about that but it is not going to stop by whining about it. it is not going to stop by walking away from the table, not engage in. you have to have the negotiation to arrive at the modalities of all parties complying and providing access and providing for a cease-fire. the next day's will tell the story about whether or not people are serious or not serious? we are engaged right now as i talk, yesterday, in direct discussions in order to determine whether or not access could be quickly provided. in number of modalities for providing humanitarian access
will be discussed, the modalities of the cease-fire itself are also being discussed and the russians have made some constructive ideas how a cease-fire will be implemented and is just talk for the sake of talk in order to continue the bombing, nobody is going to accept that. we will know that in the course of the next days. the parties met in. indeed the, the parties came to the table, under the un auspices we are not at the table, but we obviously are following closely, engage with the opposition and with other members of the international serious support group which includes russia and iran and others and so we are pushing in the direction of trying to get full implementation, resolution 2254. these talks have not, quote,
failed doorstop. they have interrupted at the judgments of the u.n. convoy who made the decision to suspend them while the modalities and access of humanitarian assistance and potential cease-fire are worked out and that makes sense, particularly since we have a meeting scheduled in munich on the eleventh in a few days where the entire international syria support group will come to see whether or not these parties are serious. as i said, we will know in the next few days who is serious and who is not and that has always been the intention of the diplomatic process, the diplomatic process has to use the tools at its disposal, diplomacy is the opposite of the
actual pointing of a rifle or a trigger, it is the effort to come to an agreement and find a way forward that ends the pointing of the rifle and pooling of the trigger and that is precisely what we are engaged in right now. i believe over the course of the next few days we will know the answer to the question you have asked, whether or not it is an effort delay to -- the talks won't go forward. if it is an effort to gain the process then as i have said from day one it will not end, world will not end under those of the stances and when i was in russia i said very directly to vladimir putin in the next month or two, you and others who support bashar al-assad will have to make some fundamental decisions about the way forward because it all your trying to do is leave us out of place, the war will not end and there will be more
terrorists created, more violence and it will be even harder to hold syriac hole and the united as a single country so that is our mission, that is the purpose of these talks and as i say, we will have a much better sense in the next few days of how serious each party is. russia has indicated to me very directly they are prepared to a cease-fire. the iranians confirmed in london a day and half ago they will support a ceasefire now. we now have to have all the other members of this, all the other parties come to the table and acknowledge that they too are prepared to do that and as of this moment we don't have that acknowledgment. >> regarding the question to me. i had the opportunity to meet with leaders of the republican party in the house and senate, i
spoke to speaker paul ryan and the chairs of different committees in the house, same with the senate leader and chair of committees and other members of congress, the republican party and democrats but from the republicans i did not hear one single voice that put in doubt the enormous success of plan colombia. one reason that always emerged in the discussion of this excess is it was a bipartisan effort and many even mentioned it is a high return on your investment. what we see now compared to what we had 15 years ago, you can see the change, dramatic change for
the better, and what i received was expressions of continuing support. i did not mention -- i did not know the exact numbers of how much colombia will contemplate how much president obama and the congress will ask for. we heard this figure yesterday, $415 million and i hope the u.s. congress supports the government because this is an effort, bipartisan effort that has been extremely successful, good for the united states, colombia and good for the whole region and don't forget colombia and bears the lion's share of the cost, 95% of the efforts was financed by colombia.
on the second question, we have been adapting ourselves to a new reality, the price of oil has hit us hard, we defended 20% of our total revenue from u.n. secretary for this year, we have budgeted zero. the education to this new reality has been done in a well planned manner, we call this intelligent austerity because we are doing it in a way that will allow us to maintain fiscal responsibility but without affecting too much growth and the most vulnerable sectors of
society. and in the whole of latin america, last year number one, not only in economic growth but also reduction of unemployment, poverty and increase and strength of the middle-class, this year we think we can repeat that because we have put in place the largest investments in history and infrastructure which is already going on. housing projects already put in place stimulate the economy very much and we hope to grow around 3 percentage and in terms of needing more finance, access to
markets, financing because of the way we have adjusted ourselves to this new reality, is a priority, we will maintain policies in order to weather the storm and maintain course. >> final question today. >> [speaking spanish] >> translator: good afternoon, president santos, what conditions have put in place by president obama for colombia and what guarantees have you been offered? because we know there is a new government coming and we heard
criticism from republicans, secretary john kerry, i would like to ask you what commitment and conditions will be imposed by the u.s. government to farq given the request that they be taken away from the lists of terrorist groups and extradition? >> conditions of president obama's government, no conditions, this is cooperation between two countries that are friends, seeking common benefits. if things go well for colombia they will go well for the u.s.. the objectives we want to reach our at changtained, both countr
benefit. this is the last armed conflict benefit. this is the last armed conflict in the western hemisphere. this will be victory for the whole world so the enormous support not only from the u.s. but the world as a whole, what happened in the u.n. last week, and i expressed my gratitude to john kerry who was there, we had hours in the meeting and the west supported the u.n. resolutions were unanimously approved. the support of the world to the peace in colombia and now
guarantees in terms of continuity of the support of the republican party, and i will answer the same thing as prior questions. what i received from the republicans was recognition end unanimous acknowledgment of the success of plan colombia and there will to continue supporting it. that was the successful bipartisan policy initiative in the last few years and what i received no formal commitment because that was not the case, but received a commitment to continued support. all processes there are people not in favor of one finger or
another, peace processes are by definition never perfect, they can never be perfect and there will always be some people who will be against them. it is normal here, normal in colombia, normal in the world as a whole. but i have enormous support from the majority of the americans. piece in colombia means peace for the region. >> let me reinforce what president santos has said. there are no conditions, we have reached no agreement in any condition whatsoever, there has been no discussion of that. united states and colombia enjoy a very robust standing,
law-enforcement relationship and extradition relationship and it benefits the united states and colombia justice systems, in the end the extradition process itself reliance on decisions by two sovereign nations and wheat respect that and that is how we will continue to proceed. when appropriate we will seek extradition and they will make decisions and we will proceed forward. with respect to the issue of farq and the designation of tourism, is entire elite premature and inappropriate to deal with that question because there is no peace, nothing has yet happened to make that a relevant question to this moment in time. so for the moment there is no process, we are not thinking about it and when peace is achieved and there's a reason to take stock, we will
appropriately take stock as we always do but this is not the moment and i have nothing to say with respect to that particular designation except it stands as it is. [inaudible conversations] >> done this weekend at newsat makers our guest is dr. thomas friedman of the centers for disease control and prevention. he talks about zika the virus,
watch the interview sunday at 10:00 a.m. at 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. >> if:00 this is the tests of the candidates, is a test of the candidate's message we primary is different because you capture the ballot and leave versus a caucus where you spend a couple of hours in a room hearing speeches and then make a decision. what we see in new hampshire and in the pass is the field begins to winnow out especially on the republican side, two person race for the democrats and it is a question of expectations and which candidate can meet or exceed those expectations and we see that in new hampshire because the first real class of voters who go to the polls. if you saw our coverage before the iowa caucuses, one thing we did that no other network it is
take you to the campaign rally, as candidates try to close the deal before the iowa caucuses, the same for the new hampshire primary. candidates crisscrossed the state, small event where a large campaign rally, campaign bus on the road as well, we give you a sense of flavor of what is happening in at he state, first in the nation primary, new hampshire has a long rich history and those of you not in new hampshire a chance to watch it all unfold. >> according to the bureau of labor statistics 150,000 jobs were added to the job market last month bringing the unemployment rate to a eight year low of 4.9% and friday's white house briefing president obama spoke about the new numbers and took questions from reporters, this is about 20
minutes. >> t g i f, everybody. i wanted to stop by because as you are aware by now america's business created 159,000 jobs last month. after reaching 10% in 2009 the unemployment rate has fallen to 4.9% even as more americans join the job market last month. this is the first time the unemployment rate has dipped below 5% in almost eight years. americans are working. all told over the past six years we added 14 million new jobs, 71 mm-hmm months of private sector job growth, the longest streak on record. over the last two years, 2014, 2015 are businesses added more jobs than at any time since the 1990s. most important we this progress is starting to translate into
bigger paychecks. over the past six months wages have grown at their fastest rate since the crisis and it is designed to give workers even more leverage their raises and promotions. so unemployment, deficits, gas prices are all down, jobs, wages and the rate of let insured are not. i should mention since i signed obamacare into law, 18 million americans have gained coverage of businesses have created jobs every month since. on that all of them full time jobs. as i sit in my state of the union address the united states of america right now has the strongest, most durable economy in the world. i know that is still in convenient for some speeches as
their despair place in new hampshire. i guess you cannot please everybody. that does not mean we don't have more to do. there is softness in the global economy. china is going through a transition. europe's economy is still slow. a lot of the emerging markets are challenged so that is creating head wind for a lot of u.s. companies doing business overseas, make it more difficult to sell export so we have to pay attention to this and take smart steps this year to continue progress. we have to do more to make sure the progress we do make is broadly based and impacting folks but and down the income scale. what i sent to congress on tuesday will make sure we continue that progress, talking down the american economy does not make that progress. my budget will offer more opportunities for americans to
get the education, job training they need for a good paying jobs and offer new ideas for benefits and protections to provide folks with security, create more good paying jobs not by subsidizing the past but by investing in the future and that is why we are placing a big emphasis on clean energy. private sector solar jobs going 12 times faster than the rest of the economy and pay better than average. that is why my budget is going to double our investment in clean energy research and development by the end of the decade. it will help business create more jobs faster, lower the cost of clean energy faster, help renewable power compete with dirty fuel across america in a more effective way. those are the steps that will make sure our future is stronger, a future worthy of hard work and determination of the american people.
progress we made going from 10% down to under 5, that assessment that american workers, american businesses, the american people are resilient and sticking to it and my hope is that rather then hinder their progress we will help them make progress. with that, have a great weekend, and joy this super bowl, i am not telling you might pick because the bears are in it but i am hoping for a great game. is josh back there? take it away. >> you don't get enough credit. >> let me take a couple questions. i am in a good mood, it is friday. >> you were implying yesterday in a joking way that you don't
get enough credit. >> talking with the warriors. >> we again referring as you did just now to republicans and their message which -- 57% of americans, they don't think things are doing well in this country. why do you think that is? >> at the time i was making a joke about basketball fans, but there is no doubt that while we made significant progress, i talked about this in the state of the union there is still anxiety and concern about the general direction of the economy. look at the surveys, circumstances, finances, they are not sure about the future and part of his it is a pretty big carryover from the devastation that took place in
2007-2008. value drops in half or you lose a job you thought you were secure in or your pension looks vulnerable. you will remember is that so a lot of people feel that. they are right to recognize one near-term economic trends we still have to tackle that the economy is more dynamic and churns faster and the pressure on companies to maximize short-term returns at the expense of long-term investment, lack of loyalty to workers who built those companies and threaten to be laid off, affect the wages and incomes up until the last six months haven't gone up as fast as corporate profits have or benefits at the very top, all those things people
feel, they experience. even though they know things are better they worry about where we're going and so i think the argument i am making here and will continue to make during the course of this year, it is we should be proud of the progress we have made. be recovered from the worst economic crisis since the 1930s, the worst in my lifetime and the lifetime of most of the people in this room and we have done it faster, stronger, better, more durable the than any other advanced economy. had we adopted some of the policies that were advocated by republicans over the last four, five, six years we know we would have done worse and we know that because a lot of european countries have adopted those policies and they haven't yet gotten to the same place they were before the crisis. so evidence, facts are on our side and this jobs report gives you one more indication that the
facts are on our side. i think it is important for us to understand how we take the next step and make people feel more secure and confident about the future and that is why investments in education and job-training going after the high cost of higher education, making sure issues like paid leave and family leave are put in place, raising the minimum wage so if you work full time you are not in poverty, making sure we are investing in transportation, infrastructure and clean energy, going after jobs of the future, investing in technology. all those things are a recipe for continued growth and increased security and as far as i can tell those who are running down the economy, don't seem to have any plausible coherent recipe other than cut taxes for the people doing the best in
this economy and somehow magically that is going to make other folks feel good. and the reason you feel secure is immigrants, poor people are taking more and more of your paycheck and that is just not true. that is not where the weaknesses in the economy are in middle class families who are making them more vulnerable to disruptions in this economy and i want to keep making that argument during the course of this year. we should feel good about the progress we make, understanding we still have more work to do, i am 54 so i have to work out harder to stay in shape. if i am feeling good in the gym
i acknowledge what i'm doing is working, otherwise have a big double bacon cheeseburger or something because i think this isn't working. the way this is working, we're staying on that same path. that doesn't mean that is where we necessarily want to be, or stop doing some hard work to get where we need to go. and was only going to make two so go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president. how can you improve work force participation levels. as much as people talk about the recovery so few americans relatively speaking in the job force especially compared to 2008 and a comment on $10 per barrel fee that we don't know about. >> on the first question, what was good in the jobs report is
the fact that participation rate in fact didn't drop. that wasn't the reason unemployment dropped. more people are entering the workforce, they feel more confident and are finding work but what is true is we are still at a point where the labour participation rate is lower than it has been historically. some of that is explained by demographics, the population is getting older so you expect that there is some decline but it is not fully explained by americans getting older. some of this is still a hangover from what happened in 2007-2008 and part of the reason we have to keep our foot to the accelerator in terms of doing the things that need to be done to keep the economy growing and keep it strong.
we should not let up from the progress that has been made, so the labor market continues to tighten, people feel more confident that if they go out and look for work that they can find it. there are particular cases where some folks have been in the labour market for a long time and may not be equipped for the jobs of the day and that is where we have to target special efforts. i get a lot of letters from middle-aged workers who got laid off. confident about their current skills. so have not entered the workforce. they need to get retrained so that is a special group of folks in their late 40s or early 50s, still far from retirement but feel they can't adapt. obviously there are young people, high school dropouts,
folks in rural communities and inner cities -- how to get them in job-training programs, community college and allow them to get some skills? there's a wide set of strategies we can take on that but it is going to require overall strong labor market for them to feel like it is worth it to make these efforts and we want to keep making sure the labor market is as strong as possible. with respect to oil and energy, i will probably make a larger speech about that, the direction we need to go on this.
the basic proposition is right now gas is $1.80. gas prices are expected below for a while, for the foreseeable future. that overall can be a good thing for the economy. what is also important is that we use this period wear gas prices are low to accelerate transition to cleaner energy economy because we know that won't last. every one of us have seen cycles where gas prices go down and then they popped back up. the idea here is we say to oil companies which by the way god significant benefit in the omnibus, allowed them for the first time to export oil. until that point domestic oil producers couldn't export.
so if we say to them now will companies, we know you have to -- allowed to export, but what we are also saying is we are going to provide, going to impose tax on a barrel of oil imported, exported so that some of that revenue can be used for transportation, some of that can be used for the investments in basic research and technology needed for energy sources of the future, ten years from now, 15 years from now, 20 years from now we will be in a much stronger position when oil starts getting tight again, prices are going up again we will have further weaned our economy of of a dirty fuels. we will not just have made environmental progress that had a much stronger economy, stronger infrastructure, we will
be creating jobs of the future and i think we will look back and say that was a smart investment, a wise decision for us to make. but the point is it is right to do it now when gas prices are really low. they will be low for quite some noontime to come so it won't be a disruptive factor in terms of the economy. they always say something. i hope you have a wonderful superbowl party. thank you, guys. >> this weekend the c-span cities to work hosted by fox communication cable partners explores the history of literary culture of santa barbara located approximately 90 miles northwest of los angeles on the california coast. the city is nicknamed the
american riviera at due to its mediterranean climate and its spanish influence and mission architecture. on booktv we will learn about the history of endangered species in california from the author of after the grisly. next, find out about rising sea levels and the threat they pose to coastal cities from brian fagan, author of the attacking the ocean. >> 3.5 million people in california live within 3.5 feet of modern sea level. many of them in the bay area. that is a lot of people. >> then we visit the old mission santa barbara to tour their archives and see items which talk about groups surrounding area. on american history tv we traveled to the silent movie era and learn about a central role santa barbara played in the industry as we explore the story of the american film manufacturing co. known as the flying a studios which produced silent films here from 1912 to
1921. next we visit the old mission santa barbara outdoor museum and discover how the spanish introduced plans from native indians who cultivated many of these and changed the landscape of california. finally we will hear about one of santa barbara's earliest and most long-lasting industries. jews to its mild climate the city in the surrounding area is promoted as a health resort and destination for travelers in other parts of the u.s. as early as 1870. tourism remains of a big part of the city's economy to this day. >> all day sunshine, fresh ocean air and that was recommended in various visitor brochures, doctors would say come to santa barbara, mineral hot springs, fresh ocean air, fresh mountain air, that was seen as the cure for so many people in the 1870s to 1880s when we boomed not just as a tourist city but as a health resort.