tv Afghan President Ghani Remarks at the Munich Security Conference CSPAN February 12, 2016 10:01pm-10:16pm EST
c-span 2, television for serious readers. >> on newsmakers, georgia senator, chair of the veterans affairs committee, discusses president obama's proposed $177 billion va budget as well as efforts to inconstitutes changes at the department of veterans affairs. watch newsmakers sunday at 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. monday, on the road to the white house, president george w. bush will join his brother, jeb bush, at a campaign rally the charleston, south carolina. we'll take you there live at 6:00 p.m. eastern on c-span2. >> world leaders and policy experts are in germany this week for the 52nd munich security conference. next we'll show you some speeches from the the vent. first, the afghan president, then the saudi foreign affairs
minister, followed by king abdullah of jordan, and iraq's prime minister. together they spoke for just over an hour. >> ladies and gentlemen, let me first deal with context. we are confronting the fifth wave of political violence in the world in 140 years. anarchism was the first wave. national self-determination was the second away, and the japan, europe and the united states was the third wave. jihad against the soviet union, and struggle in sri lanka started the fourth wave. the post 9/11 is the five wave ask that is combining history, and theology, matched by
utilization of the information technology of the fourth industrial revolution. it's translated interest a stink ecology, -- of violence. our knowledge and response -- as we are struggling between naming thephone na, knowing and it having an action plan on the basis of an an aligned strategy to distract, overcome and destroy the fifth wave of terrorism. symptoms are often -- causes are rarely confronted. voices of analysis are not followed. and there's no common framework. without a common framework on intelligence, that drives use of force, we keep repeating mistakes. while the enemy learns fast, we
are slow to adapt. from seeking ungoverned spaces, the aim of the fifth wave is to establish territories of terror. my second point is on dimensions and drivers of conflict. i am focus here on afghanistan as an illustration. often times the war is described as a civil war. it is not. first, we have a regional and global conflict. every country in the region has been exporting its misfit style. china, russia, particularly pakistan and others. second is daesh. when we warned against daesh, particularly in this conference last year, it was greeted as a
way that i wanted to attract attention to afghanistan. today i hope nobody is in denial al qaeda. al qaeda is not finished. at time when we are focused on daesh's threats, i hope to god i'm wrong, al qaeda has regrouped, and now we need to deal with a renewed al qaeda threat. -- ands are common threadses but what is the platform? the criminal economy provides ps the common platform for all these movements. narcotics and refugees. smuggling are part of the same network, and unless we focus on the -- of globalization, the $1.7 trillion of criminal economy, we will be acting on the part of the problem, not all
of it. there's the additional trouble. state sponsorship of a lined nonstate actors continues. worse, some states behave like nonstate actors, and this is of course driven by the failure to agree and act on rules of the game. all of this combined to have a displacement effect. when we address the problem in one part, it results in displacement of thephone na the phenomena in the other. particularly needs attention is action in syria and iraq unless daesh replaces it geographically and spatially. so we need to define the boundaries of this ecology carefully, otherwise we will be missing a significant part of the solution.
-- 2016 is described as bleak. from an afghan perspective, i like to describe this one of cautious optimism. i think everybody in a bleak forecast needs a ray of hope. in aligned strategy requires simultaneously, preferably coordinated action at five levels. global, islamic, regional, national, and subnational. so why the good news? first, i'd like to express gratitude to president obama, chancellor merkel, prime minister cameron, leaders of 48 countries, that have agreed to renew the resolute support mission in support of afghanistan. nato, ladies and gentlemen, is fully alive and willing to act responsibly.
i'd like to extend a very big thank you to nato, to the secretary general and to the entire organization. with what they actively with china, with states -- afghanistan in particular, india, even russia and turkey, two bilateral and multilateral mechanisms. we're in the process of creating an emerging consensus that a stable afghanistan that can tackle the actors and drivers with stability is in everybody's best interest. this requires continuous work. and because of that, bilateral, tri-lateral and multilateral method need to support this. the key to the country who wants this is to take ownership of the process and not just wait that
others act on good will. on the islamic dimension, the -- against terrorism is a very, very significant -- for the first time, muslim's colors are confronting the problem, naming it, and simultaneously exposing the fundamental weaknesses of governance. i hope that this declaration is matched with coherent action and coordination. what is fundamental from an islamic perspective is who claims to speak for the islamic civilization, culture and history. islamic civilization is a grand synthesis. when we measure the circumference of the earth, the rest of the world did not know
that the world was round and that was a thousand years ago. we need to claim back our heritage and create a vibrant and comprehensive debate among ourselves so we can work. the other dimension is national. in here, our emphasis is, first of all, technological problems. the fourth -- a country that is inherited the mantle of being, the dishonor of being among the tenth most corrupt countries that not have the right -- does not have the right to speak for itself unless i addresses its fundamental corruption. a country that has 41% of its people living below poverty must bear the shame. a country that cannot empower its women, youth, and the poor, must bear responsibility for addressing the fundamentals.
as a result we need to get politics right. it is the politics of empowerment, the politics creating citizens, and turning the state into an instrument for the realization of the rights and obligations of the citizens, where working a compact with our citizens and are in the process of very difficult process no doubt -- of turning the state into an instrument of realization of the hopes and sass -- aspirations of afghanistan. second is mobilizing for security. security is not about use of force alone. every problem is not a nail to be hit with a hammer. a multidimensional approach where we take governance and that's where subnational issues come to the front, and i'm delighted the pioneered for the first time in a couple of hundred years a balance between our governors and cabinet, and
created written compacts with every single province, so i can preside over mechanisms of delivery. but on daesh, again, we're very grateful proud that our partners have agreed now to target daesh like al qaeda. and the last month, we have silenced the voice of daesh to its regular and one of the remotest mountains of afghanistan, they are on the run. they've lost 150 people but what makes this particularly hopeful, 750 retired afghan army officers, all command doughs enlisted in to a single day to take on daesh. their atrocities, if brought back a reversal at the level of narrative that now is resulted in significant mobilization in
eastern afghanistan, and that's the key. when people mobilize to tackle terror, it's a very different approach than when guns alone are used. when people ask for simultaneous use of air power with ground mobilization and a will to push them out, that's the key to success. equally, because we have been speak about refugees, pulling for factors both need to be addressed. our country with 41% rate of poverty forced into a significant recession bordering on depression and networked globally will produce refugees. me must analyze the root causes and create the conditions for stability. the current economic recipe for global institutions or fragile states is not working. if europe does not want refugees it has to create getting mottes
and value chain. people don't want to move but we need to create opportunity and it must be on the basis of a just society where foreign assistance is used to create opportunities and not enrich a few. and this is key to the public. because of this, the public must be put first, because what makes us trust in the future, first is our resilience, we have coped with ther earlier ways of violence. our resilience, historic resilience, gives us the confidence we will overcome the fifth wave. second is our latent resources where an extraordinarily rich country, inhabited by extraordinarily poor people. it has to be reversed. in our partnership, now based on
mutual values, accountability, and neutral -- should provide a platform for an aligned strategy. we invite governments, firmsle and global society to join us in deploying the tools of great imagination and creativity to overcome the fifth wave of violence, thank you. [applause] >> thank you very much for this kind invitation. i see the topic is the middle east, and i'd like to maybe offer a more optimistic note than the one we usually read about our hear