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tv   Hearing on Agriculture and Food Security  CSPAN  February 27, 2016 12:44am-2:11am EST

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does not make a lot of these advances mute? the: if donald trump win republican nomination, will you endorse him? thet: i think he will be republican nominee, and anybody else on the right side i
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>> >> come to order. you will receive testimony for the food and agricultural center and i now recognize myself for an opening statement. this is the last hearing and will be cheering tactically i already handed over the
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gavel to my colleague but since we plan to this hearing we decided to do the change of command at the end of the hearing prisoners under to chair the subcommittee and working with the colleagues i will be chairing another committee now that is important for my district and i am looking forward to continued leadership opportunities. drop the congress this is taken a deep dive in the world of biological terrorism. we have held hearings to understand:odessa understand the defense program and to tackle the challenges. today we will take a different perspective.
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within natural disruption of the food systems. lusby said kidney that the food we eat the food and agricultural sector that the accounts roughly for one-fifth of the economic activity. the hundred $35 billion to the gdp in 2014 is irresponsible for one and added every 12 u.s. jobs in my home state of arizona ranching continues around $10 billion per year in in a tangible attacked the therefore presents a serious threat to the nation and causing major damage on a number of levels. compensating farmers for commodities embosses and
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trade embargoes imposed other nations. and as an actor target to tears. rabil technology with the food travels across the country quickly and efficiently. to increase general concerns of the food supply this goes to the heart of but we knew. the highly pathogenic with that intentional act could be. the al break was the largest
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animal health and in history. includes the slaughtering of the birds to prevent the disease. 18 trading partners b&l imports of u.s. poultry and products and an additional 28 trading partners had partial bans. the help break with the farm to farm spread highlighted the challenges we face related to buy security with a large-scale response. twitter share what government and the private sector are doing to reduce the vulnerability. as long as we focus on home and security issues as food
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and agriculture included in our profits? are you getting the threat and information that you need? i/o solyndra understand your connectedness the by a surveillance system and now i welcome our witnesses and the foreword to your testimony. we recognize the gentleman from new jersey for his opening statement. >> good corning. thinks for holding today's hearing and best of luck says the takeover the subcommittee on border in maritime security. biological threats are evolving as these threats seibald of how we can best
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protect against the damage that they can inflict. to be focused on the human health impact of a biological threat to indict employees we are expanding the scope of the oversight can represent the tenth congressional district in my district is not known for the open cattle ranges but it is home from the port of newark in north liberty international airport. , into its ports up to 20,000 passengers every day. in the items of marble slab or tiles in would packing material all of which carry
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insects and others that could harm to our domestic agriculture. this week i heard employees in my district talk about staffing. the port of newark and the airport are top performing ports. in several first of the nation. unless those challenges are resolved in the end to do harm to the agricultural industry? although i recognize we may not be able to stop every pathogen from entering our borders we must be vigilant. with that said i also recognize there is a
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domestic press with the food supply. related to natural disasters in the emerging diseases in last year for example, of avian influenza outbreak was responsible for $400 million of losses to the agriculture industry. and consumers paid the price although it was a naturally occurring event it was a sobering example of significant agriculture incident. with nearly $1 trillion in the united states and is critical to open the american people without question. that is why the federal government has designated
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the food and agriculture sector a critical infrastructure structure -- section. although there are multiple events at the fed all -- federal and state level the significant challenges remain. earlier this month to have a hearing of the department of common security struggle with the national bile surveillance capability to analyze data related to human health and animal health. but the national bios surveillance center f. with nearly a decade and i will be interested to know with any recommendations the witnesses have and how
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related to emerging diseases for natural disasters and a terrorist threats is shared with stakeholders and whether that action is actionable. also how the private sector and institutions and on government entities play an active role to develop it and using file security and a look forward to hearing your testimony. >> other members in babies submitted for the record.
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and the north carolina state veterinarian with the u.s. department of homeland's security with the department's implementation of a presidential directive. and integrating the efforts with tribal state and local government. em prior to the current position with the institute for infectious animal diseases with the department of common security center of excellence where she led the effort to perform research
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lab did i say that right? i am a premed biology major my professors would not be proud of me. also serving as director of texas a&m diagnostic laboratory where she provided leadership for full-service laboratories into poultry laboratories was one of the highest diagnostic labs in the country and previously director of foreign animal diseases and the responsibilities include managing the diagnosis of animal diseases. dr. bobby a cord is a
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consultant from the national poor producers since 2004. prior to that he served nearly a decade as deputy administrator for the wildlife service's program. dr. williams is the assistant extension professor at the department of agricultural economics. he focuses on the primary areas of commodity marketing and agricultural policy. with that disaster response team to focus on assessing
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damage to the agricultural sector from natural disasters. the statements will appear in the record in the chair recognizes you for five minutes. >> with the poultry industry in the livestock industry thank you for the opportunity to speak today. it is the ongoing efforts to communicate with stakeholders. north carolina and georgia with the agribusiness industry that contributes $80 billion in newly to the economy.
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67% associated with that culture accounts for 17% and employs 16 percent of the workforce. with that knowledge about those food centers and i will not speak to that. but mindful of those contributions to the homeland security to establish a national policy for food systems against terrorist attacks to provide guidance of the identify gaps of the nation's ability to identify agriculture and food. i will speak to the north carolina concerns over three of those gaps today.
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the availability f. leavitt and mouth disease. with that participating departments to ensure that federal response capabilities are adequate to the major disease outbreak even before that my predecessors recognize the need for capability. with a series of events in that resulted in $800 million of losses. and that caused the crisis of agriculture and tourism. from the food systems m that
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likelihood of that deliberate introduction to undermine social stability in the midst of these events with the challenges of agriculture and food in the 21st century pads a result the emergency program division was created to reduce the vulnerability vulnerability, and minimize the impact of natural or man-made disaster in facilitate a rapid return to normalcy she. to data division has reached maturity and his more than to fill the all house response mission. development has been funded by state and various federal grants $80 million in funds of the relatively small investment over the years. consider what they would
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have made i'll let in minnesota experienced 1.8 billion dollars as a result on 180. chemist -- federal funding and all we'll be required to trade in exercise and replace equipment as needed unfortunately funding for the north carolina emergency division continues to decline to put the state at risk. the second concern speaks to the necessity to develop a national veterinary stockpile with animals vaccine to appropriately respond to the most damaging diseases. those with significant production is the possibility of foot and mouth disease certainly that is the case of north
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carolina the home of 9 million hogs. with the livestock industry to present unprecedented challenges of another rate. control will require tens of millions of doses of flint and mouth disease is the there is not that the doses available not anywhere in the world because there is no excess production capacity courage production meets daily needs and there is no excess capacity. that has been evident since 2004 when the stockpile was created bin never sufficient funding. with the greatest threat they would be devastated by the foot and mouth disease.
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collaborative effort must be initiated to implement a plan for the stockpile. the line item eight to develop a network of the water resources. live in the work of all organizations in the diagnostic laboratory system with you diagnose diseases and with full funding with the laboratory system is necessary for capability.
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and it has been recently noted that stated within has struggled to maintain even $10 billion of funding. as a result there and able to meet the threat of testing capacity. and in 2014 for that $15 million. dennis p. fended they give for the opportunity to speak on behalf of north carolina i am happy to address any questions you may have. >>.
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>> live with the kansas state college of veterinary medicine thinks of the opportunity to speak to you today to defend the nation's agriculture. with that industry to provide access for the affordable food supply. and with that introduction of a biological agent. and they're at risk from a variety of threats to disrupt our economy so that king kong in another forms with the introduction of foreign animal emerging disease. those that most likely to be
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utilized in what is readily available that al qaeda and boko haram the intent to harm the united states. with that introduction of many agents could lead to implementations with that foot and mouth disease totaling $180 billion. and it is heavily dependent on a coordinated and comprehensive approach police state and local government hand livestock in academia. event at universities to
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play a unique and critical role to support the defense mission. working with stakeholders we perform cutting edge research to support our industry cahow during peacetime. to provide subject matter expertise. that is the attributes to make a day fuddle carter. with the bile security practices and threats. better bill contrast and understanding and most importantly to homeland's security with a communication with agricultural sector per academia isn't a unique
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sector with that trust gap to be found simply stated their a trusted partner and across u.s. is the most important role of homeless security a teaching and training preparing the next generation. and to recognize veterinarians and i would be remiss, need this to save the collaboration with the allied partners to further strengthen resources with
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the agricultural systems. to allocate resources as well in that area too greasy additional resurfacing their avenues such as the institution for food and health in dade with construction of state of the art 1.2 billion dollars for single blue dash facility with the research training some do not account for the expansion of the programs of research diagnostic and training of that facility so i urge you to increase for the future so the full
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potential that facility with to include the network so that to be achieved. with that direct threat than the role of academia of a much broader solution will be dependent on a holistic approach and to support on a strong public-private partnership. and now we look forward to your questions. >> em with the u.s. food
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supply has been a great risk for disease. has continued to increase because of travel tourism and trade each passenger hand baggage each piece of luggage to pose the risk with those commodities from a wide range are transported legally or illegally with ted different conveyance that may carry the disease of a terrorist weapon raising disease the highly contagious disease the structure of the livestock industry makes the u.s. vulnerable to an outbreak.
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in those auctions and fares and exhibits that have large numbers. to provide opportunities to expose the animal to infect many others. the u.s. industry of african swine fever has reared its ugly head in belarus in the eastern european countries it is a disease of which there is no control. the insufficient quantity of foot and mouth vaccines. and to change that policy and all of the smallest of
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outbreaks. to discuss how this would be implemented it was apparent there is not enough vaccine to deal with an outbreak in no capability of producing a sufficient quantity to deal with an outbreak. the livestock industry has made it clear that requires all types that is circulating in the backseat of the livestock. the first problem is a lack of bias security contributing to the spread of the disease. federal and state agencies need a more robust review with the agriculture
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industry rely nine the ports of entry morris's must be placed this image and we have and that -- an epidemic in 2013 the means by which that was brought to the u.s. has never been discovered if that gap in the security system is open for all other diseases as well. we have a serious problem with animal trees ability. it is inadequate for the outbreak had not even recognized to meet the requirements of major u.s. trading partners. many of those shortfalls identified are the result of adequate resources.
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fed has increased dramatically in now is exacerbated of the agriculture production and that this same time funding provided has been reduced. we cannot have it both ways. there are serious flaws to deal with the agriculture and food supply. the blue ribbon study panel highlighted the need of the livestock herd of the food supply a lot of information is gathered from that report from the department of agriculture excuse me the committee on agriculture. in this season's from the perspective in the livestock
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industry it is time to work with the obama administration to fill the gaps. hong. >> your now recognized for five minutes. >> thank you for the opportunity for what we face from agra terrorism. i spend a large portion of my time researching markets in the impact to the market our country food production system faces many challenges and one of which is a threat of a major disruption into the system. to prevent sanders minimize the threats and as mentioned
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by my fellow witnesses the poultry industry with the influenza outbreak and in iowa alone 30 million were lost a $650 million. this is known as the multiplier effected the resulted in a total impact of 1.2 billion dollars and more than 8,000 jobs lost. on a positive note some of those losses and i were partially offset by a sales in other states. mississippi alone the egg producers soave 40% increase but those prices were also passed on to consumers. prior to the of break the
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poultry industry already had by a security measures put in place like sanderson farms and tyson who owned the birds and contract the producers to raise the birds it also helped to develop a in despite the measures that were already in place we were not prepared for an outbreak when disaster struck. state agencies and federal agencies all come together to provide the excellent framework in one benefit is spread over a wide area so natural disasters and other disruptions are common with the minimal impact. about one month ago the snowstorm that hit nebraska
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and iowa colorado and kansas all but shut down the meatpacking industry for nearly two days but the market did not respond. us similar snowstorm earlier this year killed more than 30,000 dairy cows causing significant demijohn a local level but nationally the futures increased for only one week but one of the greatest threats is the introduction of what could shut down the export industry one example when we had a cow test positive in washington state to shut down the exports of beef cattle and it took seven years for exports to return back to the levels they were
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before that positive test. but despite that shut down those are not impacted on a large scale. with fruits and vegetables the biggest threat that we face is something that can potentially harm us as humans like salmonella of vegetables are typically grown outdoors in the grounder close to the grounds of their susceptible to contamination whether natural or introduced. there is a system in place to track the introductions there is still definitely room for improvement. real crops are much less susceptible as the damage must me of a large scale to have a significant impact on
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the nation's economy. that biggest threat for as he saw in 2012 it took nearly three years for the nation's industry to get back to normal levels. and conditions have to be nearly perfect for a terrorist to introduce a pathogen so the likelihood of that is in conclusion to show that sector is resilient enough cases it is difficult to pinpoint demijohn a large enough scale with the flight and mouth disease to cause a national impact that is key to minimizing these defects
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to keep bad day localize level. it has shown a remarkable ability to bounce back from these types of incidents. >> i will not recognize myself for five minutes. i have a lot of what to be efficient with my time. the committee is focusing on information sharing between federal, state, and local not just on the government side but those that need a place regionally to come together to get the information they need for sharing information in both directions. if they were invited in any of the infusion centers and
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then the members related to the agriculture industry to have that be shared. >> i will speak to the situation in north carolina. with law enforcement of emergency management with the state of north carolina with the fusion centers that the emergency programs division model and it has taken the burden to manage that piece of agriculture that this vote -- focuses on a response and we are
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integrated so as an answer to question number carolina does have been put in receive input from the fusion center in the emergency management. >> is that a virtual or is somebody invited there? how does that work? >> we actively engage the we would have run that added the emergency operation center. >> anyone else care to comment? >> there has been no discussion with the poor industry. >> i can make you aware of one circumstance where
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communication is not good with the national animal health laboratory network. the challenge there is a cannot communicate with each other that is serious consequence, to post what you how hands -- would you find and it currently does not work. >> interesting. >> that goes back to include the of laboratory system to message test resulting communicate with one another.
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in right now there isn't a robust system out there for them from industries and the federal government to be coordinated with usda to talk between each other in the diagnostic lab. la much less to broach the idea of communicating with public health. >> so to take a look at by a surveillance systems with that sharp falls in shortcomings in nirvana is that where it should be
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intergrading information? >> and with those challenges we're willing to share information. the industries are willing to share information but it has to be protected with clear policies their procedures that what i previously worked on was headed that way to get people to share information but you have to give something back so is a two-way street and i am not sure it is a place for that would let the other witnesses comment but i can
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tell you that academia is a good place or a party to act as a trusted agent is a great place to hold the information in the neat thing is you don't have to hold the information you can reach back and gather in a new use it when you need to with the actual odor of the information and that is another way to get access to utilize the information but not a story that in a big database. >> that makes me think of the parallel of cybersecurity and to build that trust is set a model to look at?
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and i have four questions put by matter of time. what is the biggest gap to mitigate the effects and with such an event? >> early detection is key. we have to know something is here to keep it localize. with the investment of the laboratory and infrastructures critical you heard it that vaccines are an issue for foot and mouth disease.
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looked at the spending into hhs for the stockpile then compare that to the national stockpile. we do not have the funding to prepare the nation to respond with what we need. but the funding has to be there. we have got to have the capability to respond and have those resources allocated. in contrast that to the stockpile of $34 billion per year. and we have to begin to
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address the issue that foot and mouth disease is just a matter of time before it is introduced to we cannot stop the threat -- the spread of that disease. >> the vaccine is what scares us the most. that the early detection and rapid response is the mantra we have to follow. but we know right now we do not have a that if the supply of vaccine that is spread rapidly through russia into eastern europe it is only a matter of time and we have to address those things. usda puts 1.9% million dollars in to the vaccine
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bank. lead is a pittance compared to the loss that we have suffered with what and mouth disease outbreak. >> i would friere what has been said. cassette key is to take care of things as soon as possible the sooner least stop the spread the less economic impact we will have. it to have that emplace whether vaccination or other measures to be on top of this to prevent it from spreading. >> q acknowledge every passenger in handbag entry has the potential to bring a
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disease that could harm the agriculture industry. in your opinion is city enough to keep diseases and pests out of the united states and what more should be done? >> the effort has improved dramatically to address this issue looking at an almost impossible job i spend a lot of time at miami international airport. so they can see what is intercepted at the port. and in a few days you have a mountain of intercepted material. it is unbelievable what people want to bring and they have the opportunity to declare they have something but they don't. i saw:passenger literally breaking a girl she started her suitcase.
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thank goodness for the dogs. but moving the inspectors to the bureau of customs was a smart move. to improve the enforcement authority through the customs laws that has contributed immensely for their ability to do their job. with that country of departure rather than the border is the second line of defense. to have every possibility that goes into the products in the first place. and however that dotted it
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is '05 for which we have no vaccine. we have to direct more resources to the country of origin. >> you are recognized for five minutes. >> everyone has spoken about early detection and it is so multifaceted. with livestock and products. how are we doing? our people trained to detect?
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end if they are doing it what method we use now how can that be improved? i opened that to the panel. and that takes place at the state and local level. the team with the veterinary division on the ground every day with the poor and poultry producers where animals are talking to the producers we're working with private practitioners and rightly that should be the case with our respective states. dr. back to more closely now as a means to write to defy
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of agriculture production of those emergency visits on a day to day basis. we have to make sure that capability exist it of course, i draw upon my seven years but the usda has a significant regulatory responsibility. and prepared this and in response and a perfect example the center for domestic prepared this in after five years of successful operation came discontinued funding because it was perceived to be a non-issue.
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so we should step up appropriately to work on the prepared and those sites all over the country. spirit of the effort in - - veterinarians those under out practicing of early detection is multifaceted. to call those veterinarians to get the route there. to collect data multiple devices and to have the capability to share that as well. to share with each other does anybody else see this? that is the system we have to develop and implement to have a comprehensive program
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and is it more difficult to detect with your agricultural products? that you can detect with livestock that maybe there are more signs? >> exactly. the poor industry spends a great deal of time talking to producers of them ever to lead educational material to report any unusual conditions to the local veterinarian to the state debt the have a foreign animal disease diagnostic training program for the
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animal disease center where the diagnosticians are trained to recognize the symptoms of disease. that could be expanded because it is a unique training. >> number of questions that have been prompted as we talk about vaccines but
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those that follow livestock and they're standards to ensure that products are grown in and to survive under certain standards is there such a thing? and who is responsible to monitor that? >> first and foremost, the marketplace drives those standards. if you want to meet those markets standards to be assured your product can go to market.
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the you can only grow in this kind of soil. this livestock can only be bred under certain circumstances the way you would prevent diseases and things of that nature. if there is any such thing? >> we have the port quality assurance program that set standards that determine issues like the animal welfare or animal health monitoring and those kinds of things that exist with a great deal of education that goes into implementing that program. spec who monitors that is happening? are they federal standards?
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>> no per industry. and there is a great reluctance and opposition to be confined by any type of federal standards how they raise livestock. to be proud the as an american to see that. to make sure that the livestock and vegetables are produced in a healthy way with those various diseases. >> there are not enough resources requite honestly to pass these regulations it
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is the ability to pass that makes a difference. >> i was getting at that. is it is a very viable and is and what would it be? in there is no vaccine? that means no stockpile exist? >> there is a limited availability. >> so there is one? >> u.s. maintains the bank for north america. the law prohibits a live
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virus on the mainland. so that it shipped to europe for it is manufactured than shipped back to the united states. and then it has a shelf life after five years the potency starts to go down after 10 years it is and that effected in the company still want to touch it at that point. >> with this whole discussion we have today what is the most efficient involvement or the collaboration to take place of information sharing and not delayed in the guests have to wait for the next room to hear the answer to
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that is something we need to be exploring the. >> to be a significant danger and if there was an attack for us to establish a chain of command is there any type of protocol? would you touch on that? >> we follow the infinite command structure whether a hurricane or a tornado will resend the last seven months to prepare for that introduction in north carolina in we have that infinite command structure to address every issue with
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the outbreak of influenza. the of the samples to a laboratory for testing. in to maintain some continuity. so that is a hierarchy in which we will operate the. >> it is a privilege to the north carolina situation it is ranked at the top five of the emergency preparedness.
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in my predecessors to walking into a well oiled machine. >> and to keep those machines going. anybody would to address that? the emergency appropriation center? do we see good capability across the country? >> there is a specter were dhs has no role. if we were always diligent to make sure we cooperated in coordinating bank collaborated with sister departments into whole they
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flipped and now disease outbreak with the locals of dhl said hhs. and into drive prepared this responsibility. >> have a question but don't want to ask publicly where is the most vulnerable target that we have but that maybe better not shared publicly so i will yield back. >> we will be voting soon so we will give an opportunity for a second round until votes are called. one concern we have seen across many industries is the rise of terrorism as a
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drum for an attack and it doesn't take into people get these for christmas they're much cheaper and easier to buy. in to have the terrorism attack is that look bad at all? and then to address this difficult threat? >> item c creating anything new but agriculture is so open and rather easily so i don't think we're sorry for
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the agricultural industry. with 2013 in the colleagues his drones for the disposal of the piglets died. to make sure we didn't create an environmental problem with the disease outbreak but who knows where this goes in the future. >> what they cage used positively as well. >> this is more anecdotal the one thing they share is
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it is becoming more and more expensive. and then to go into debt so to make sure that we are ready in this area is in a generation of at university of arizona trying to do a program to compress the number of years and moving on from there for the individual would graduate as said dr. it also the news practitioner places so dead animal and human bridge could be addressed. are there any other innovative ideas out there? that is an interesting model. are you concerned a trading of the next generation?
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>> and then producing 80 percent for a variety of reasons and would is going back live working in the of livestock system there is no whole host of reasons why that is happening. we have to come together to look at innovative ways to get students in and out of student loans and additional skills sets like the nurse practitioner. so with the paid tuition to work in those rural areas and we have to continue to look at innovative ways to do that.
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are there ways we can do it more efficient? we have to look at that across. and do that aggressively. into the ground breaking at the university of arizona is seen as it is innovative as opposed to trying to change a program. now we will vote so i will yield back. >> talk about while security measures following the avian flu outbreak with that model developed by that poultry
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industry for can you elaborate on the best way to help drive participation those other mutually beneficial to each other. with that outbreak one year ago the producers were very concerned. to work with the usda to develop these plans. and when it comes down to it we need their boots on the ground approach these producers that we were discussing giving them signs to look for that the veterinarians can help with
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poultry and beef cattle. to inform them what do we need to look for for signs of a potential outbreak? in brindisi's symptoms report immediately to your local veterinarian. with a backyard poultry operations if you see something reports it immediately. as we quarantine the area. >> if you see something say something? [laughter] >> that pork industry always prides itself in that is the
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structure of the industry said while we have the perfect system with the outbreak we discovered a lot of holes in we begin working on those. to have the huge threat to of agriculture is unbelievable how much poultry even now with the potbellied p.i.g.s. in sheep and goats captain urban environments. they escape the animal health network. so we're vulnerable to disease introduction and we have to pay much more attention. we've had problems with live earth markets in new york for that is nothing compared to what we saw in los angeles with newcastle disease.
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that is another vulnerability we have not looked at hard enough. . .
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